# Study sets matching "epidemiology"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

Infectivity

Virulence

Pandemic

Incidence

The proportion of persons exposed to an infectious agent who b…

The ability of any agent of infection to produce disease. numb…

world wide epidemic

The number of newly diagnosed cases during a specific time per…

Infectivity

The proportion of persons exposed to an infectious agent who b…

Virulence

The ability of any agent of infection to produce disease. numb…

Which is harder to prove: causation or…

Three types of prevention

Primary prevention

Secondary prevention

causation

primary... secondary... tertiary

preventing initial development of disease... -immunization... -reduc…

early detection of existing disease to reduce severity & compl…

Which is harder to prove: causation or…

causation

Three types of prevention

primary... secondary... tertiary

Incidence

incidence measurement starts with what…

incidence rate ratio

best use for incidence

number of new cases of a disease in a specified amount of time…

healthy people!! not already sick people - only measuring the…

examines risk factors and health disparities... men compared to w…

how rapidly a disease is developing, or how common within a ce…

Incidence

number of new cases of a disease in a specified amount of time…

incidence measurement starts with what…

healthy people!! not already sick people - only measuring the…

Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

Which is harder to prove: causation or…

Three types of prevention

Primary prevention

Secondary prevention

causation

primary... secondary... tertiary

preventing initial development of disease... -immunization... -reduc…

early detection of existing disease to reduce severity & compl…

Which is harder to prove: causation or…

causation

Three types of prevention

primary... secondary... tertiary

Sensitivity (SN-N-OUT)

Specificity (SP-P-IN)

Positive predictive value (PPV)

Negative predictive value (NPV)

-a person with a disease will have a positive result on a give…

-a person without a disease will have a negative result on a t…

-a person with a positive test result has the disease (true po…

-a person with a negative test result is disease free. ... -A te…

Sensitivity (SN-N-OUT)

-a person with a disease will have a positive result on a give…

Specificity (SP-P-IN)

-a person without a disease will have a negative result on a t…

epidemic

pandemic

Epidemiology

Characteristics of epidemiology

The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness…

An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cro…

is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…

population focus, distribution, determinants, outcomes, quanti…

epidemic

The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness…

pandemic

An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cro…

Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

epidemiology

distribution

determinants

natural history of disease

study of distribution & determinants of health -... related stat…

related to person place time ( descriptive epidemiology )

causes & factors that influence the risk of disease ( analytic…

the progress of the disease in an individual without any inter…

epidemiology

study of distribution & determinants of health -... related stat…

distribution

related to person place time ( descriptive epidemiology )

Routine Data

Infant mortality

Strengths of vital statistics

Weaknesses of vital statistics

Information about a defined population collected in a consiste…

The number of children per 1000 live births who die in their f…

- Cheap and readily available... - Almost complete data... - Contemp…

- Not 100% complete... - Potential for bias - postmortem inflatio…

Routine Data

Information about a defined population collected in a consiste…

Infant mortality

The number of children per 1000 live births who die in their f…

Epidemiology definition

determinants are

distrubution refers to

morbidity designates

the study of the occurrence of health, disease, injury, accide…

factors or events that are capable of bringing about a change…

frequency of disease occurence may vary from one population gr…

illness, prevalence of a disease of of all disease in a popula…

Epidemiology definition

the study of the occurrence of health, disease, injury, accide…

determinants are

factors or events that are capable of bringing about a change…

Simple random sampling

Systematic sampling

Nonprobability sampling (not random)-

convinience

-difficult to obtain in practice... -Do you have a list of people…

-takes every nth individual from a series... -every nth person yo…

-involve an element of convenience or feasibility- if possible…

-Just about all practical samples involve an element of conven…

Simple random sampling

-difficult to obtain in practice... -Do you have a list of people…

Systematic sampling

-takes every nth individual from a series... -every nth person yo…

Endemic

Sporadic

Epidemic

Pandemic

Constant presence of a disease in a population ... -Ex. Here Chic…

Occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places: scat…

In a certain area... -A widespread occurring of an infection dise…

Global outbreak (all over the world)

Endemic

Constant presence of a disease in a population ... -Ex. Here Chic…

Sporadic

Occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places: scat…

Prevalence

Incidence

Epidemiology

Internal Validity

Total number of people (old or new cases) with the disease... - p…

- Number of people with the dz for the first time... - Usually pe…

Studies dz and distribution of dz in population... Also studies R…

-the study proved what it set out... -

**Causality**... -Randomized co…Prevalence

Total number of people (old or new cases) with the disease... - p…

Incidence

- Number of people with the dz for the first time... - Usually pe…

Population

Clue

Epidemiology

Disease Distribution

All the people in a particular group.

Something that helps to solve a problem or mystery.

The study of how and why diseases or other health-related cond…

The pattern of how a sickness is spread out among a group of p…

Population

All the people in a particular group.

Clue

Something that helps to solve a problem or mystery.

the study of the distribution, determin…

this approach to epidemiology is the in…

this approach to epidemiology can be us…

this approach to epidemiology is done b…

epidemiology

medical ecology

clinical epidemiology

descriptive epidemiology

the study of the distribution, determin…

epidemiology

this approach to epidemiology is the in…

medical ecology

Hippocrates

Epidemiology Definition

Branches of Public Health

Public Health Triangle

Airs, waters, and places. The father of modern medicine noted…

The study of the distribution and determinants of disease (des…

Policy: Synthesizes health-related advice into the making of r…

Policy, scientific, clinical, and activists all working togeth…

Hippocrates

Airs, waters, and places. The father of modern medicine noted…

Epidemiology Definition

The study of the distribution and determinants of disease (des…

Attack Rate

Endemic

Epidemic

Pandemic

number of people that become ill after exposure

disease confined to a specific region or population

an outbreak of disease that attacks many people at about the s…

When an epidemic spreads throughout the world.

Attack Rate

number of people that become ill after exposure

Endemic

disease confined to a specific region or population

Sensitivity (SN-N-OUT)

Specificity (SP-P-IN)

Positive predictive value (PPV)

Negative predictive value (NPV)

-a person with a disease will have a positive result on a give…

-a person without a disease will have a negative result on a t…

-a person with a positive test result has the disease (true po…

-a person with a negative test result is disease free. ... -A te…

Sensitivity (SN-N-OUT)

-a person with a disease will have a positive result on a give…

Specificity (SP-P-IN)

-a person without a disease will have a negative result on a t…

Likelihood that someone will become inf…

Where many people are infected at the s…

Large number of cases of a disease in a…

Affects multiple geographic areas at th…

Risk

...Epidemic

...outbreak

...pandemic

Likelihood that someone will become inf…

Risk

Where many people are infected at the s…

...Epidemic

observational epidemiology studies

descriptive epidemiology

analytical epideiology

experimental (clinical)

...

Examination of the distribution of disease in a population in…

analyzes a disease to determine is probable cause

...

observational epidemiology studies

...

descriptive epidemiology

Examination of the distribution of disease in a population in…

Pathology

Epidemiology

Infection

Disease

Study of diseases

the branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribu…

Contamination or invasion of body tissue by pathogenic organis…

Any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fun…

Pathology

Study of diseases

Epidemiology

the branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribu…

Incidence Rate

Prevalence

Attack Rate

Point Prevalence =

**In**cidence = Onset... - People who walk into the room... - New Case…

Prev

**al**ence ==>**ALL**... - people who enter, those in the room,…Incidence rate - Incidence rate where denominator is limited t…

At a particular

**point in time**... - Single InstanceIncidence Rate

**In**cidence = Onset... - People who walk into the room... - New Case…

Prevalence

Prev

**al**ence ==>**ALL**... - people who enter, those in the room,…