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Study sets matching "eppp social psych"

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Study sets matching "eppp social psych"

98 terms
Social Psychology (EPPP) 98
Primacy Effect
False Consensus Bias
Factors that Affect Impression Formati…
Factors that Affect Impression Formati…
- our impressions are usually swayed the most by information…
- overestimation of the degree to which the beliefs and opini…
- certain descriptions (e.g., a warm vs. cold person) influen…
- organized mental networks that are based on previous person…
Primacy Effect
- our impressions are usually swayed the most by information…
False Consensus Bias
- overestimation of the degree to which the beliefs and opini…
21 terms
EPPP Social Psychology
Minority Influence
Loss Aversion
Illusory correlation
Group Heterogeneity
Hollander (1985) - in order to successfully challenge the maj…
Tendency to base decisions more heavily on the fear of loss t…
Tendency to overestimate the association between variables th…
Positively related to creativity and decision making effectiv…
Minority Influence
Hollander (1985) - in order to successfully challenge the maj…
Loss Aversion
Tendency to base decisions more heavily on the fear of loss t…
21 terms
EPPP Social Psychology
Minority Influence
Loss Aversion
Illusory correlation
Group Heterogeneity
Hollander (1985) - in order to successfully challenge the maj…
Tendency to base decisions more heavily on the fear of loss t…
Tendency to overestimate the association between variables th…
Positively related to creativity and decision making effectiv…
Minority Influence
Hollander (1985) - in order to successfully challenge the maj…
Loss Aversion
Tendency to base decisions more heavily on the fear of loss t…
12 terms
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EPPP
SOCIAL IMPACT THEORY
OVERJUSTIFICATION
SOCIAL COMPARISON THEORY
REACTANCE
Predicts that the force to comply is determined by the streng…
Providing a person with external rewards for engaging in a be…
We reduce uncertainty about our feelings, opinions, etc. by o…
The tendency to do the opposite of what is requested because…
SOCIAL IMPACT THEORY
Predicts that the force to comply is determined by the streng…
OVERJUSTIFICATION
Providing a person with external rewards for engaging in a be…
108 terms
Social Psychology EPPP
Social psychology
• Hx Background
o Zeigarnik Effect
SOCIAL PERCEPTION
Scientific study of how ind's feelings, thoughts and bx are i…
o Muzefer Sherif... •• It is possible to study social stimuli in…
Interrupting sub in middle of task has effect of leaving him…
• Ways in which people try to make sense of themselves, other…
Social psychology
Scientific study of how ind's feelings, thoughts and bx are i…
• Hx Background
o Muzefer Sherif... •• It is possible to study social stimuli in…
92 terms
EPPP Practice Exam (Social Psychology)
_____________are organised, interconne…
_______provide knowledge about the app…
The impact of the social context on im…
Which of these is NOT a type of attrib…
schemas
scripts
8 pseudopatients admitted themselves to an inpatient ward. Al…
internal vs external
_____________are organised, interconne…
schemas
_______provide knowledge about the app…
scripts
18 terms
EPPP-Social Psychology-Social Influence
Conformity versus Compliance
SHERIF's Conformity Experiment
ASCH's Line/Conformity Experiment
Name and define the two types of confo…
Conformity: Involves adhering to implicit group norms.... Compl…
Students believed that they were participating in a visual pe…
Had students judge which one of the three lines was the same…
Informational Conformity: The individual is using others' beh…
Conformity versus Compliance
Conformity: Involves adhering to implicit group norms.... Compl…
SHERIF's Conformity Experiment
Students believed that they were participating in a visual pe…
15 terms
EPPP-Social Psychology-Social Interactions
Affiliation is influenced most by what…
Who researched Anxiety as it relates t…
Variables Related to Attractiveness
Emotion-in-Relationship Model
Anxiety and Gender
Schachter... told participants they were going to receive a mil…
Physical Proximity: we like people who are near us... iSimilari…
Proposes that positive and negative emotions are most likely…
Affiliation is influenced most by what…
Anxiety and Gender
Who researched Anxiety as it relates t…
Schachter... told participants they were going to receive a mil…
92 terms
EPPP Practice Exam (Social Psychology)
_____________ are organized, interconn…
_______ provide knowledge about the ap…
The impact of the social context on im…
Which of these is NOT a type of attrib…
Schemas
Scripts
8 pseudopatients admitted themselves to an inpatient ward. Al…
dispositional vs situational
_____________ are organized, interconn…
Schemas
_______ provide knowledge about the ap…
Scripts
106 terms
KME's EPPP Social Psychology
Who are the important founders of soci…
Field Theory
Life Space
Conflict in Field Theory
Sherif: credited with studying social stimuli in a scientific…
Lewin's theory, established social psychology as a distinct f…
concept in field theory... consists of the person, the immediate…
A person moves toward goals that have positive valence and aw…
Who are the important founders of soci…
Sherif: credited with studying social stimuli in a scientific…
Field Theory
Lewin's theory, established social psychology as a distinct f…
34 terms
EPPP-Social Psychology-Self-Perception
Bem's Self-Perception Theory
Overjustification Theory
Festinger's Social Comparison Theory
Self Verification Theory [Swann & Read]
Related to self-concept.... People develop own self-concept by…
Rewarding people for an enjoyable activity can undermine thei…
Describes how the influence of other people affects our self-…
= People need and seek confirmation of their self-concept (re…
Bem's Self-Perception Theory
Related to self-concept.... People develop own self-concept by…
Overjustification Theory
Rewarding people for an enjoyable activity can undermine thei…
29 terms
EPPP Social Psych Part 1
illusory correlation
central traits
fundamental attribution bias
base rate fallacy
belief that 2 characteristics events or other variables are r…
provide unique info & carry more weight than other attributes
overestimate the role of dispositional factors and underestim…
tendency to underutilize or ignore probability data
illusory correlation
belief that 2 characteristics events or other variables are r…
central traits
provide unique info & carry more weight than other attributes
57 terms
EPPP Study Guide (social Psychology)
Schemata
Pseudopatient Study (Rosenhan)
Fundamental Attribution Bias
Actor-Observer Effect
Cognitive structures that organize past information and exper…
Demonstrated the effects of the social context on impression…
The tendency for an observer to overestimate dispositional ca…
In causal attribution, the tendency for an observer to overes…
Schemata
Cognitive structures that organize past information and exper…
Pseudopatient Study (Rosenhan)
Demonstrated the effects of the social context on impression…
8 terms
EPPP Social
Self-perception theory
Self-verification theory
Social comparison theory
Additive tasks
People infer feelings and beliefs from observed behaviour and…
People need to seek confirmation of their self-concept, wheth…
People self-evaluate by comparing themselves with similar oth…
Group performance based on combined performance of group memb…
Self-perception theory
People infer feelings and beliefs from observed behaviour and…
Self-verification theory
People need to seek confirmation of their self-concept, wheth…
268 terms
EPPP - Clinical Psychology
What are the basic biological drives i…
In Freud's theory, what is the logical…
What principle does the Ego focus on?
What part of the ego makes reason and…
Self Preservation Instincts, Sexual Instincts (libido), and A…
Ego
The reality principle and functions to suspend the pleasure p…
The organizational, critical and synthesizing ability
What are the basic biological drives i…
Self Preservation Instincts, Sexual Instincts (libido), and A…
In Freud's theory, what is the logical…
Ego
146 terms
EPPP: I/O Psychology
Criterion-Related Validity Coefficient
What is a coefficient?
What is predictive validity?
How is the Criterion Related Validity…
The coefficient that represents the usefulness of a predictor…
A constant variable (e.g., gender) by which another variable…
This refers to "power" or usefulness of a test's scores to pr…
Using CORRELATIONAL techniques to determine the statistical r…
Criterion-Related Validity Coefficient
The coefficient that represents the usefulness of a predictor…
What is a coefficient?
A constant variable (e.g., gender) by which another variable…
98 terms
EPPP Abnormal Psychology
DSM-5
Intellectual Disability ... (Intellectual…
According to adaptive functioning... 1) M…
Early signs of Intellectual Disability
* Categorical classification system (to account for diagnosti…
1) Deficits in reasoning, problem solving, abstract thinking,…
Intellectual Disability - four (4) degrees of severity:
1) delays in motor development... 2) lack of age-appropriate int…
DSM-5
* Categorical classification system (to account for diagnosti…
Intellectual Disability ... (Intellectual…
1) Deficits in reasoning, problem solving, abstract thinking,…
163 terms
added to EPPP Developmental Psychology
GxE Interaction
niche-picking
epigenetic view
Genotype
a term referring to the nature versus nurture debate, indicat…
tendency for people to seek out environ. that are compatible…
interaction of nature/nurture... development is the result of on…
characteristics that are coded on the gene
GxE Interaction
a term referring to the nature versus nurture debate, indicat…
niche-picking
tendency for people to seek out environ. that are compatible…
116 terms
EPPP: Industrial & Organizational Psychology
Criterion-Related Validity Coefficient
What is a criterion?
What is a co-efficient?
What is predictive validity?
The coefficient that represents the usefulness of a predictor…
A standard by which something may be judged.
A constant variable (e.g., gender) by which another variable…
This refers to "power" or usefulness of a test's scores to pr…
Criterion-Related Validity Coefficient
The coefficient that represents the usefulness of a predictor…
What is a criterion?
A standard by which something may be judged.
158 terms
EPPP- Abnormal Psychology
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Schizoid Personality Disorder
Characteristic symptoms of Separation…
Symptoms of Major Depressive Episode
person desires close interpersonal relationships but avoids t…
characterized by detachment from social relationships and a r…
1. recurrent excessive distress when anticipating separation…
depressed mood, irritable mood (in children and adolescents),…
Avoidant Personality Disorder
person desires close interpersonal relationships but avoids t…
Schizoid Personality Disorder
characterized by detachment from social relationships and a r…
62 terms
EPPP - Psychological Assessment
The primary difference betwwen the Wec…
One critique of the the Wechsler tests…
The four subscale IQ scores on the WIS…
The Wechsler tests are based on which…
A discontinuation of the performance versus verbal IQ.
Current theories of intelligence are not incorporated into th…
Verbal Comprehension (VCI), Working Memory (WMI), Perceptual…
The "g" theory.
The primary difference betwwen the Wec…
A discontinuation of the performance versus verbal IQ.
One critique of the the Wechsler tests…
Current theories of intelligence are not incorporated into th…
23 terms
PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, EPPP
Acetylcholine is found where in the ne…
Which receptors does ACh act on?
ACh released in the neuromuscular junc…
ACh's role in the central nervous syst…
In the peripheral and central nervous system.
Nicotinic and Muscarinic receptors
muscles to contract
involved in:... REM sleep... the regulation of the sleep wake cycle…
Acetylcholine is found where in the ne…
In the peripheral and central nervous system.
Which receptors does ACh act on?
Nicotinic and Muscarinic receptors
67 terms
EPPP I/O Psychology
Job Analysis
Job Description
Job Specification
Job Evaluation
Assessment conducted to obtain information about the nature o…
The duties a worker must perform
The skills a worker brings to a job: knowledge, skills, abili…
The monetary worth of a job including salary, benefits, time…
Job Analysis
Assessment conducted to obtain information about the nature o…
Job Description
The duties a worker must perform
98 terms
EPPP Abnormal Psychology
Intellectual Disability
Mild Intellectual Disability
Moderate Intellectual Disability
Lesser degrees of ID
Deficits in 2 areas of intellectual reasoning (problem-solvin…
Patient is functionally adult; operating at a 6th grade level…
Patient is functionally adult; operating at a 2nd grade level…
Better prognosis for people with this degree of intellectual…
Intellectual Disability
Deficits in 2 areas of intellectual reasoning (problem-solvin…
Mild Intellectual Disability
Patient is functionally adult; operating at a 6th grade level…
132 terms
EPPP - Abnormal Psychology
Concordance
Prevalance in males vs. females
Tourette's disorder
ADHD
As used in genetics, usually means the presence of the same t…
More males: Autism (4:1), ADHD (2:1), OCD (in childhood by ag…
-one vocal tic + multiple motor tics... -began before 18 y.o. ... -…
Inattention & Hyperactivity-impulsivity... >6 mos, onset prior 1…
Concordance
As used in genetics, usually means the presence of the same t…
Prevalance in males vs. females
More males: Autism (4:1), ADHD (2:1), OCD (in childhood by ag…
262 terms
EPPP clinical psychology notecards
structural theory
ego
SUPEREGO
When the ego cannot give in to the id'…
divides the psyche into the id, ego, and superego.
governed by the reality principle, functions to deter id grat…
which serves as the conscience, comes from internalization of…
repression, denial, reaction formation, rationalization, proj…
structural theory
divides the psyche into the id, ego, and superego.
ego
governed by the reality principle, functions to deter id grat…
67 terms
EPPP I/O Psychology
Job Analysis
Job Description
Job Specification
Job Evaluation
Assessment conducted to obtain information about the nature o…
The duties a worker must perform
The skills a worker brings to a job: knowledge, skills, abili…
The monetary worth of a job including salary, benefits, time…
Job Analysis
Assessment conducted to obtain information about the nature o…
Job Description
The duties a worker must perform
202 terms
Clinical Psychology (EPPP)
Clinical Psychology
Assumptions of Psychodynamic Therapies
Freudian Psychoanalysis
Freud's Personality Theory
- the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological and be…
- human behavior is motivated by unconscious processes... - earl…
- human beings are determined by irrational forces, unconscio…
- composed of two theories: structural (drive) theory and dev…
Clinical Psychology
- the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological and be…
Assumptions of Psychodynamic Therapies
- human behavior is motivated by unconscious processes... - earl…
78 terms
EPPP Clinical Psychology
Psychodynamic Therapy
Defense Mechanisms
Goal of Freudian Psychodynamic Therapy
Freudian Process
Insight-oriented treatment wherein past determines present th…
Methods of allaying anxiety, such as repression, displacement…
Make unconscious material conscious to reduce maladaptive beh…
Clarification -> Confrontation -> Interpretation -> Working T…
Psychodynamic Therapy
Insight-oriented treatment wherein past determines present th…
Defense Mechanisms
Methods of allaying anxiety, such as repression, displacement…
195 terms
EPPP Developmental Psychology
Qualitative Change
Quantitative Change
Microsystem
Mesosystem
Development is discontinuous, periods of little change altern…
Development is continuous with new abilities, skills, and kno…
Ecological Approach-Bronfenbrenner... the everyday environment t…
Ecological Approach-Bronfenbrenner... Interaction or links betwe…
Qualitative Change
Development is discontinuous, periods of little change altern…
Quantitative Change
Development is continuous with new abilities, skills, and kno…
191 terms
INDUSTRIAL/ORGANIZATION PSYCHOLOGY EPPP
Personnel Psych
Organizational Psych—
Engineering Psych
personnel psych
theory and applications related to evaluating, selecting, and…
—ind and grp processes w/in organizations and concerned w ... fa…
human factors psych and ergonomics... o Relationships btw worker…
job analysis; performance evaluation, personnel selection,
Personnel Psych
theory and applications related to evaluating, selecting, and…
Organizational Psych—
—ind and grp processes w/in organizations and concerned w ... fa…
166 terms
EPPP Abnormal Psychology
Polythetic
Intellectual Disability (ID) 3 nec cri…
ID levels 4
ID etiology percentages
Style of the DSM-5 which accounts for multiple symptom expres…
1) Deficits in 2 areas of intellectual reasoning (problem-sol…
mild, moderate, severe, profound
5% hereditary (PKU, Tay-Sachs, fragile x), ... 30% chromosomal (…
Polythetic
Style of the DSM-5 which accounts for multiple symptom expres…
Intellectual Disability (ID) 3 nec cri…
1) Deficits in 2 areas of intellectual reasoning (problem-sol…
36 terms
EPPP - Abnormal Psychology
Substance-Related and Addictive Disord…
DSM-V
Suicide
Seizures
Substance use disorder: chronic or overindulgence in chemical…
Categorial approach to view mental disorders from a dimension…
60% who commit suicide have a mood disorder
Partial - one part of the brain (most common)... Simple partial…
Substance-Related and Addictive Disord…
Substance use disorder: chronic or overindulgence in chemical…
DSM-V
Categorial approach to view mental disorders from a dimension…
Organization/Industrial Psychology EPPP
Adverse Impact
Unfairness
Differential Validity
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1…
Based on the 80% or 4/5ths rule - the percentage of minoritie…
Occurs when minorities and non-minorities score differently o…
Occurs when there are significantly different criterion-relat…
The original equal employment opportunity (EEO) act. It state…
Adverse Impact
Based on the 80% or 4/5ths rule - the percentage of minoritie…
Unfairness
Occurs when minorities and non-minorities score differently o…
63 terms
EPPP I/O Psychology
Job Analysis
Job Description
Job Specification
Job Evaluation
Assessment conducted to obtain information about the nature o…
The duties a worker must perform
The skills a worker brings to a job: knowledge, skills, abili…
The monetary worth of a job including salary, benefits, time…
Job Analysis
Assessment conducted to obtain information about the nature o…
Job Description
The duties a worker must perform
25 terms
Community Psychology EPPP
COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY
Community Mental Health Center Act
Federal Community Mental Health Act
Awareness of importance of prevention…
Differentiates from other psych through its unique theoretica…
Govt has assumed major role in promoting mental health... o Fund…
Passed in 1963 and revised in 1980... o Programs:... § Short-term h…
Efforts have resulted more in expansion of old practices than…
COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY
Differentiates from other psych through its unique theoretica…
Community Mental Health Center Act
Govt has assumed major role in promoting mental health... o Fund…
111 terms
EPPP Social and Multicultural
Ellen Berscheid
effects of overcrowding
Troiden's model of gay and lesbian UD…
elaboration likelihood model of persua…
relationship satisfaction and stability, contends that people…
produces negative moods in men, but not women; ... produces aro…
1. sensitization: pre-pubescent feels different from peers an…
peripheral route and central routes
Ellen Berscheid
relationship satisfaction and stability, contends that people…
effects of overcrowding
produces negative moods in men, but not women; ... produces aro…
139 terms
EPPP Practice Exam (Clinical Psychology)
Freud's structural theory states that…
The _____________ develops at 6 months…
Freud's _______________ theory emphasi…
Freudians view psychopathology as unco…
id ego & superego
ego
developmental
conflict
Freud's structural theory states that…
id ego & superego
The _____________ develops at 6 months…
ego
117 terms
Clinical Psychology - EPPP
Psychodynamic Theories share the follo…
Psychodynamic Theories include:
Freudian Psychoanalysis - summary
Individual Psychology - Alfred Adler…
-human behavior motivated largely by unconscious... -early deve…
Jung, Adler, Jung and approaches of object-relations theorists
pessimistic, deterministic, mechanistic and reductionistic... -…
In his eye (Individual) he had 2 individual pieces of hay (Al…
Psychodynamic Theories share the follo…
-human behavior motivated largely by unconscious... -early deve…
Psychodynamic Theories include:
Jung, Adler, Jung and approaches of object-relations theorists
112 terms
EPPP: I/O--Organizational Psychology
Scientific Management
Human Relations Movement
Hawthorne effect
informal work group norms
propagated by Frederick Taylor who applied scientific method…
places greater emphasis on worker needs, motives, and relatio…
A change in a subject's behavior caused simply by the awarene…
significant impact on worker productivity--production above o…
Scientific Management
propagated by Frederick Taylor who applied scientific method…
Human Relations Movement
places greater emphasis on worker needs, motives, and relatio…
15 terms
School Psychology EPPP
• Effective school:
• Smalls schools are more effective th…
• School Psychologists and Consultatio…
• Curriculum-‐Based Assessment
o Strong leadership, with principals who are active and energ…
o Large=too few opportunities to assume roles, leading to eas…
o Models:... •• Mental health model—consultant interacts with pa…
o Educational assessment that is closely linked to particular…
• Effective school:
o Strong leadership, with principals who are active and energ…
• Smalls schools are more effective th…
o Large=too few opportunities to assume roles, leading to eas…
124 terms
EPPP Physiological Psychology and Psychopharm
Neuron
Action Potential
All or nothing principal
Neurotransmitters
A specialized cell that is directly involved in mental proces…
Electrical impulse that travels quickly to the cell. Begins w…
predicts that an action potential will always be of the same…
Chemical substances that are released from axon terminals, di…
Neuron
A specialized cell that is directly involved in mental proces…
Action Potential
Electrical impulse that travels quickly to the cell. Begins w…
277 terms
EPPP- Abnormal Psychology
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Schizoid Personality Disorder
characteristic symptoms of separation…
Symptoms of major depressive episode
person desires close interpersonal relationships but avoids t…
characterized by detachment from social relationships and a r…
1. recurrent excessive distress when anticipating separation…
depressed mood, irritable mood (in children and adolescents),…
Avoidant Personality Disorder
person desires close interpersonal relationships but avoids t…
Schizoid Personality Disorder
characterized by detachment from social relationships and a r…
16 terms
EPPP - Dev Social development
Konrad Lorenz
imprinting
Harry Harlow
John Bowlby
imprinting - ducklings
Lorenz
monkeys with wire and cloth surrogate mothers... 1. when frighte…
formulated attachment theory
Konrad Lorenz
imprinting - ducklings
imprinting
Lorenz
42 terms
EPPP: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Personnel Psychology
Organizational Psychology
Engineering Psychology
Job Analysis
Theory and applications related to evaluating, selecting, and…
Focuses on individual and group processes within organization…
Also called "human factors psychology" and "ergonomics", deal…
Purpose: to describe the precise requirements of a job. Produ…
Personnel Psychology
Theory and applications related to evaluating, selecting, and…
Organizational Psychology
Focuses on individual and group processes within organization…
100 terms
Social and Multicultural EPPP
Heider Attribution Theory.
Dispositional Attributions.
Situational Attributions.
Kelley and Harold Theory
People makes either dispositional or situational attributions.
Internal attribution locates the cause of the behavior within…
Situational or external attribution locates the cause of the…
When people make an attribution, we look at three types of in…
Heider Attribution Theory.
People makes either dispositional or situational attributions.
Dispositional Attributions.
Internal attribution locates the cause of the behavior within…
150 terms
EPPP- Community and Organizational Psychology
focus of consultee-centered administra…
phases of stress innoculation
______'s theory emphasizes the role of…
According to _______, leadership is mo…
assessment of professional performance in unfamiliar situations
1. conceptualization/education... 2. skill acquisition and rehea…
Super
Fiedler's contingency model
focus of consultee-centered administra…
assessment of professional performance in unfamiliar situations
phases of stress innoculation
1. conceptualization/education... 2. skill acquisition and rehea…
133 terms
Developmental Psychology (EPPP)
Gene-Environment Correlation
Niche-picking
dominant vs. recessive genes
Gene-linked abnormalities
Associations found between people's genetic makeup and enviro…
Tendency of people to seek out environments that are compatib…
When two inherited genes are alike (dominant-dominant or rece…
Huntington's disease caused by a single autosomal dominant ge…
Gene-Environment Correlation
Associations found between people's genetic makeup and enviro…
Niche-picking
Tendency of people to seek out environments that are compatib…
41 terms
EPPP Social Psych Part 2
Sherif
Autokinetic effect
Milgram
Milgram
autokinetic effect
perceptual phenomenon in which a stationary point of light ap…
obedience to authority
the experiment that allowed teachers to use shock when the le…
Sherif
autokinetic effect
Autokinetic effect
perceptual phenomenon in which a stationary point of light ap…
48 terms
EPPP: Social and Cultural Bases of Behavior
reward power
coercive power
legitimate power
referent power
results from holder's ability to reward others
results from holder's ability to punish others
recognition of holder's valid authority in a given situation
based on attraction or desire to be liked by the holder
reward power
results from holder's ability to reward others
coercive power
results from holder's ability to punish others
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