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Study sets matching "esc1000 chapter 5"

52 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 5
Most geologist rejected the idea of co…
List and explain the evidence presente…
Continental drift
Supercontinent
the evidence was collected from the continents of Africa, Sou…
1) The continental jigsaw puzzle - he reconstructed a map of…
Wegner formulated the idea in 1915 that South America and Afr…
1 continent consisting of all earth's land masses.
Most geologist rejected the idea of co…
the evidence was collected from the continents of Africa, Sou…
List and explain the evidence presente…
1) The continental jigsaw puzzle - he reconstructed a map of…
43 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 5
a fracture in the crust on which movem…
Fault is?
location where movement begins on faul…
location on surface above the focus is…
Fault
-a zone of weakness where earthquake occurs
Focus
Epicenter
a fracture in the crust on which movem…
Fault
Fault is?
-a zone of weakness where earthquake occurs
128 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 6 Review:
earthquake
Faults
hypocenter (focus)
epicenter
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
fractures in the Earth's crust
the location where slippage begins
the point on Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
earthquake
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
fractures in the Earth's crust
47 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 5 Running Water and Groundwater
oceans
2.8
2.15
0.6
Where is most of the earth's water?
Percentage of the earth's water that is freshwater.
Percentage of the earth's freshwater that is in glaciers
Percentage of the earth's freshwater that is in groundwater
oceans
Where is most of the earth's water?
2.8
Percentage of the earth's water that is freshwater.
114 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 7 Review
Magma
Lava
Viscosity
Eruption Column
molten rock that usually contains some crystals and varying a…
erupted magma
magma's mobility (resistance to flow)
a buoyant plume of hot, ash-laden gases that can extend thous…
Magma
molten rock that usually contains some crystals and varying a…
Lava
erupted magma
47 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 5 Running Water and Groundwater
oceans
2.8
2.15
0.6
Where is most of the earth's water?
Percentage of the earth's water that is freshwater.
Percentage of the earth's freshwater that is in glaciers
Percentage of the earth's freshwater that is in groundwater
oceans
Where is most of the earth's water?
2.8
Percentage of the earth's water that is freshwater.
32 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 1
The investigation of interactions amon…
What is exosphere?
What are the four Earth components?
What does atmosphere consist of?
Earth Science
Sun & space
1.atmosphere... 2.hydrosphere... 3.biosphere... 4.geosphere
air & weather
The investigation of interactions amon…
Earth Science
What is exosphere?
Sun & space
32 terms
ESC1000 CH 5
weathering
first step in formation of sedimentary…
soil
soil is formed by
physical disintegration of rocks and chem decomp of their com…
weathering
earth's surface sediment that can sustain life
weathering of bedrock
weathering
physical disintegration of rocks and chem decomp of their com…
first step in formation of sedimentary…
weathering
36 terms
Chapter 2 ESC1000
What is a mineral?
What is a mineraloid?
What are the basic building blocks of…
What is the name of the smallest parti…
A natural and inorganic solid that posses an orderly internal…
Lacks an orderly internal structure
Elements
Atoms
What is a mineral?
A natural and inorganic solid that posses an orderly internal…
What is a mineraloid?
Lacks an orderly internal structure
14 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 4
External process
Internal Processes
Earth's External Processes
Weathering
Weathering, mass wasting, and erosion are responsible for cre…
Internal processes lead to volcanic activity and mountain bui…
•Weathering - the disintegration and decomposition of materia…
Two kinds of weathering... -Mechanical weathering... •Breaking of r…
External process
Weathering, mass wasting, and erosion are responsible for cre…
Internal Processes
Internal processes lead to volcanic activity and mountain bui…
23 terms
ESC 1000 Module 5
List the two main controls on explosiv…
Identify the dominant controls on the…
Explain the relationship between the v…
Explain the differences between temper…
Viscosity (the silica content) and amount of dissolved gas.…
Temperature, composition, and dissolved gasses. ... Temperature…
The viscosity of magma is directly related to its silica cont…
Hot lavas are more fluid, while cool lavas are more viscous.…
List the two main controls on explosiv…
Viscosity (the silica content) and amount of dissolved gas.…
Identify the dominant controls on the…
Temperature, composition, and dissolved gasses. ... Temperature…
21 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 17 Clouds
cumulus
cirrus
cirrostratus
cirrocumulus
Form of cloud that is puff balls, often with a flat base (but…
Cloud that is high level and wispy, or light and patchy in fo…
High level, very light layers of cloud.
High level, puffy ball clouds.
cumulus
Form of cloud that is puff balls, often with a flat base (but…
cirrus
Cloud that is high level and wispy, or light and patchy in fo…
46 terms
ESC 1000 Chapter 11
What are landscapes developed by catas…
Who concluded that the Earth was only…
What is the fundamental principle of G…
What is the slogan of Uniformitarianism?
Catastrophism
James Ussher
Uniformitarianism
The present is the key to the past
What are landscapes developed by catas…
Catastrophism
Who concluded that the Earth was only…
James Ussher
ESC 1000 Chapter 8
What is a Volcano?
What destroyed Pompeii?
Eruptions can:
The products of volcanic eruptions com…
An erupting vent through which molten rock surfaces... a mountai…
Pyroclastic flows. 2,000 died
provide highly productive soils to feed a civilization... can ex…
lava flows - molten rock moving over the ground... pyroclastic d…
What is a Volcano?
An erupting vent through which molten rock surfaces... a mountai…
What destroyed Pompeii?
Pyroclastic flows. 2,000 died
22 terms
ESC Chapter 5 MDL
Sulfide
Oxide
Carbonate
Specific gravity
A mineral consisting of a metal element combined with sulfur
A mineral consisting of a metal element combined with oxygen
The non-silicate mineral that has as its major building block…
The ratio of the weight of a substance to the weight of an eq…
Sulfide
A mineral consisting of a metal element combined with sulfur
Oxide
A mineral consisting of a metal element combined with oxygen
ESC1000 Exam Part 5
Protolith
foliation
recrystallization
phase change
pre-existing rock or parent rock
alignment of platy minerals
atoms or molecules of a rock or mineral are packed closer tog…
creation of a new mineral with the same chemical formula as t…
Protolith
pre-existing rock or parent rock
foliation
alignment of platy minerals
72 terms
EXAM 5 ESC1000
4%
gas
gases
liquids
How much water vapor?
Where is water the most energetic?
What can be compressed?
What cannot be compressed?
4%
How much water vapor?
gas
Where is water the most energetic?
122 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 3 Rocks
element
atom
molecule
compound
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
The smallest particle that can exist as an element
2 or more atoms joined together
A molecule comprised of two or more elements
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
atom
The smallest particle that can exist as an element
18 terms
ESC Chapter 5
Relative Dating
Absolute dating
Principal of Superposition
Principal of Original Horizontality
- Using fundamental principles of geology (Steno's Laws, Foss…
- Quantifying the date of the rock in years. This is done pri…
higher layers of rock are younger than lower layers
tilted layers of rock were formed horizontal
Relative Dating
- Using fundamental principles of geology (Steno's Laws, Foss…
Absolute dating
- Quantifying the date of the rock in years. This is done pri…
23 terms
ESC Chapter 5
Two main goals of aerobic exercise
Exercise prescription centered around
Improve health
Cross training
Improve cardiorespiratory fitness... -VO2 max levels... Improve he…
individuals goals, abilities, and fitness levels ... Goals may…
Frequency... -Schedule most (preferably all) days of the week... I…
switch between biking, swimming, walking, running, zumba
Two main goals of aerobic exercise
Improve cardiorespiratory fitness... -VO2 max levels... Improve he…
Exercise prescription centered around
individuals goals, abilities, and fitness levels ... Goals may…
27 terms
Chapter 3 ESC1000
What is the purpose of the rock cycle?
Name the three types of rocks
Describe Igneous rock
Describe Metamorphic rock
Shows the interrelationships among the three rock types
Sedimentary, Metamorphic, and Igneous
Weathering, transportation, and deposition
Melting
What is the purpose of the rock cycle?
Shows the interrelationships among the three rock types
Name the three types of rocks
Sedimentary, Metamorphic, and Igneous
57 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 2
What was the old idea of science known…
What is the new idea of science known…
Ancient civilizations interpreted risi…
a small, rocky planet, orbits the sun,…
Geocentric Orbit hypothesis
Heliocentric system
Geocentric Orbit hypothesis
The Earth
What was the old idea of science known…
Geocentric Orbit hypothesis
What is the new idea of science known…
Heliocentric system
26 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 3
Near-Earth Objects abbreviation is?
asteroids or comets that approach Earth
If its coming down from space its know…
If its coming down from earth its know…
NEOs
NEOs
Astro
Meteor
Near-Earth Objects abbreviation is?
NEOs
asteroids or comets that approach Earth
NEOs
39 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 1
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
The name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
The science that examines earth, it's form and composition, a…
The scientific study of oceans and ocean phenomena.
The scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
Earth Science
The name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
Geology
The science that examines earth, it's form and composition, a…
64 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 6
Viscosity=
What can determine how explosive a vol…
Viscosity material decreases with?
Viscosity varies with?
Resistance to flow
Viscosity
increasing tempteratres
Composition
Viscosity=
Resistance to flow
What can determine how explosive a vol…
Viscosity
128 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 6 Review:
earthquake
Faults
hypocenter (focus)
epicenter
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
fractures in the Earth's crust
the location where slippage begins
the point on Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
earthquake
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
fractures in the Earth's crust
62 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 4
Earth Magnetic field have what type of…
The negative and positive poles are lo…
What lines up along the lines of the m…
Preserves ancient magnetic field is ca…
negative and positive pole
north and south poles
A compass needle
Paleomagnetism
Earth Magnetic field have what type of…
negative and positive pole
The negative and positive poles are lo…
north and south poles
31 terms
Chapter 1 ESC1000
What is Geology?
What is Oceanography?
What is Meteorology?
What is Astronomy?
The study of Earth
The study of the ocean
The study of the atmosphere and the processes that produce we…
The study of the universe
What is Geology?
The study of Earth
What is Oceanography?
The study of the ocean
128 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 6 Review:
earthquake
Faults
hypocenter (focus)
epicenter
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
fractures in the Earth's crust
the location where slippage begins
the point on Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
earthquake
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
fractures in the Earth's crust
42 terms
ESC2_Chapter5_Furniture
家具
沙发
jiā jù ... furniture
zhāng ... measure word (for sofa, paper etc.)
shā fā ... sofa
chá ... tea
家具
jiā jù ... furniture
zhāng ... measure word (for sofa, paper etc.)
chapter 5 - first 1000 words
back (1)
back (2)
bad
beautiful
adverb - returning to the place where something or somebody w…
noun - furthest from the front
adjective - not good
adjective - very attractive or nice to look at; of a high sta…
back (1)
adverb - returning to the place where something or somebody w…
back (2)
noun - furthest from the front
11 terms
ESC 1000 Chapter 2 & 3
Isotopes of the same elements
Diamond
Hardness
gypsum
Atoms that have different numbers of neutrons and the same nu…
This mineral is the hardest known substance in nature.
The resistance of a mineral to abrasion is known as
The mineral _____ has water bound into its structure.
Isotopes of the same elements
Atoms that have different numbers of neutrons and the same nu…
Diamond
This mineral is the hardest known substance in nature.
58 terms
ESC2_Chapter5_House
房子
书房
fáng ... house
fáng zi ... house
shū fang ... study room
céng ... layer; storey
fáng ... house
房子
fáng zi ... house
40 terms
FSU ESC1000 Chapter 9
volcano
lava flow
Products of eruption
viscosity
1.) a vent from which molten rock from inside the earth spews…
1.)characteristics depend on viscosity, temperature & composi…
Lava flows, pyroclastic debris and gas
resistance to flow - characterizes different lava
volcano
1.) a vent from which molten rock from inside the earth spews…
lava flow
1.)characteristics depend on viscosity, temperature & composi…
31 terms
Chapter 5- Pysc 1000
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Other senses in addition to the five (…
((stimulus detection))-our sense organs translate environment…
((Making "sense" of what our sense tell us))- gives stimulus…
((characteristics of the stimulus are converted into nerve im…
balance, temp,pain,pressure and immune system
Sensation
((stimulus detection))-our sense organs translate environment…
Perception
((Making "sense" of what our sense tell us))- gives stimulus…
29 terms
UTC ESC 1500 Chapter 5
Evolution
Natural selection
Charles Darwin
4 main observations of natural selection
accumulation of inherited changes within populations over tim…
tendency of organisms w/ traits that are favorable to their e…
1809-1882. "Origin of Species". HMS Beagle
1. heritable variation... 2. overproduction... 3. struggle for exis…
Evolution
accumulation of inherited changes within populations over tim…
Natural selection
tendency of organisms w/ traits that are favorable to their e…
10 terms
ESC 102 Chapter 5 Terms
Waterborne Disease
Vector-Borne Disease
Infectious Disease
Pathogen
An infectious disease acquired through contact with contamina…
An infectious disease acquired from organisms that transmit a…
An illness caused by an invading pathogen such as a bacterium…
An infectious agent that causes illness or disease.
Waterborne Disease
An infectious disease acquired through contact with contamina…
Vector-Borne Disease
An infectious disease acquired from organisms that transmit a…
19 terms
KIN 1000 Chapter 5
Types of muscle
Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth muscle
-skeletal muscle... -smooth muscle... -cardiac muscle
-600 muscles in human body... -make up 30-35% in women ... -make up…
-Connects parts of skeleton with connective tissue structures…
-Located in blood vessels, respiratory and gastro-intestinal…
Types of muscle
-skeletal muscle... -smooth muscle... -cardiac muscle
Muscle
-600 muscles in human body... -make up 30-35% in women ... -make up…
29 terms
ESC_PS 2010 Chapter 5 & 6
intelligence as g
intelligence predicts
what predicts high g
infant knowledge
-general intelligence or cognitive ability... -pertains to many…
-academic achievement... -life success... -health... -lifespan... -resili…
-genes... -reduce risk factors... -enriched environment... -stimulatin…
-sense of number, size, amount... -form categories... -perceive cas…
intelligence as g
-general intelligence or cognitive ability... -pertains to many…
intelligence predicts
-academic achievement... -life success... -health... -lifespan... -resili…
37 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 18 Air Pressure and Wind
Barometer
1013 millibars
1 bar
Decreases
a device used to measure air pressure
Average air pressure at sea level, in millibars
Average air pressure at sea level, in bars
What does air pressure do with altitude?
Barometer
a device used to measure air pressure
1013 millibars
Average air pressure at sea level, in millibars
49 terms
Geography 1000 Chapter 5
Natural Rescource
Resource Use vs Cultural Values
Renewable Resource
Perpetual Resource
resources that the earth creates
Resource Use- ... Cultural Values-
cannot run out, infinite supply (wind)
always available
Natural Rescource
resources that the earth creates
Resource Use vs Cultural Values
Resource Use- ... Cultural Values-
58 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 17 Moisture, Clouds and Precipitation
Melting
Cooling process
Freezing
Heating process
Substance solid transforms to liquid. A cooling process
Is melting a heating or cooling process?
liquid transforms to solid. A heating process.
Is freezing a heating or cooling process?
Melting
Substance solid transforms to liquid. A cooling process
Cooling process
Is melting a heating or cooling process?
117 terms
ESC 1000 PSC Shelton Unit 5
Study of the universe
The cosmos
the distance light travels in space
Light-speed =
Astronomy/Cosmosology
complex and orderly systemed universe
Lightyear=
186,000 mi/sec or 300,000 km/sec
Study of the universe
Astronomy/Cosmosology
The cosmos
complex and orderly systemed universe
18 terms
CIS 1000 - Chapter 5.
cyberextortionist
spyware
unauthorized access and use
passphrase
A _____ is someone who demands payment to stop an attack on a…
_____ is a type of malware that is placed on a computer witho…
An employee using an organization's computer to send personal…
A _____ is a private combination of words, often up to 100 ch…
cyberextortionist
A _____ is someone who demands payment to stop an attack on a…
spyware
_____ is a type of malware that is placed on a computer witho…
8 terms
Business 1000 - Chapter 5
Globilization
Exporter
Importer
International Firm
The integration of markets globally (the world is becoming a…
Makes products in one country and sells to others
Buys products in foreign markets for resale at home
This firm conducts much of its business abroad; a domestic fi…
Globilization
The integration of markets globally (the world is becoming a…
Exporter
Makes products in one country and sells to others
24 terms
COMM 1000- Chapter 5
audience analysis
audience
audience-centered
target audience
Obtaining and evaluating information about your audience in o…
The people a speaker addresses.
Describes a speaker who acknowledges the audience by consider…
The particular group or subgroup a speaker most wants to info…
audience analysis
Obtaining and evaluating information about your audience in o…
audience
The people a speaker addresses.
35 terms
NUTR 1000 chapter 5
20-35
1
0
multiple
percent of diet that should come from fat
monounsaturated fats have _____ double bond(s)
saturated fats have _____ double bond(s)
polyunsaturated fats have _____ double bond(s)
20-35
percent of diet that should come from fat
1
monounsaturated fats have _____ double bond(s)
25 terms
EDCI 1000 Chapter 5
Critical thinking
problem solving
Bloom's taxonomy
thinking skills
Higher order thinking involving observing, comparing and cont…
Process involved in finding a solution to a problem.
A classification system of thinking and processing skills tha…
Skills that aid in processing information.
Critical thinking
Higher order thinking involving observing, comparing and cont…
problem solving
Process involved in finding a solution to a problem.
124 terms
Psych 1000 Chapter 5
sensation
perception
psychophysics
stimulus
stimulation of the sense organs
selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory input
the study of how physical stimuli are translated into psychol…
information in the environment that is picked up by the recep…
sensation
stimulation of the sense organs
perception
selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory input
30 terms
Chapter 5 - Psych 1000
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Stimulus
The detection of physical stimuli and transmission of that in…
The brains further processing, organization, and interpretati…
The translation of a stimulus into chemical and electrical si…
Something that emits physical properties
Sensation
The detection of physical stimuli and transmission of that in…
Perception
The brains further processing, organization, and interpretati…
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