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Study sets matching "esc1000 chapter 8"

ESC 1000 Chapter 8
What is a Volcano?
What destroyed Pompeii?
Eruptions can:
The products of volcanic eruptions com…
An erupting vent through which molten rock surfaces... a mountai…
Pyroclastic flows. 2,000 died
provide highly productive soils to feed a civilization... can ex…
lava flows - molten rock moving over the ground... pyroclastic d…
What is a Volcano?
An erupting vent through which molten rock surfaces... a mountai…
What destroyed Pompeii?
Pyroclastic flows. 2,000 died
128 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 6 Review:
earthquake
Faults
hypocenter (focus)
epicenter
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
fractures in the Earth's crust
the location where slippage begins
the point on Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
earthquake
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
fractures in the Earth's crust
52 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 5
Most geologist rejected the idea of co…
List and explain the evidence presente…
Continental drift
Supercontinent
the evidence was collected from the continents of Africa, Sou…
1) The continental jigsaw puzzle - he reconstructed a map of…
Wegner formulated the idea in 1915 that South America and Afr…
1 continent consisting of all earth's land masses.
Most geologist rejected the idea of co…
the evidence was collected from the continents of Africa, Sou…
List and explain the evidence presente…
1) The continental jigsaw puzzle - he reconstructed a map of…
32 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 1
The investigation of interactions amon…
What is exosphere?
What are the four Earth components?
What does atmosphere consist of?
Earth Science
Sun & space
1.atmosphere... 2.hydrosphere... 3.biosphere... 4.geosphere
air & weather
The investigation of interactions amon…
Earth Science
What is exosphere?
Sun & space
25 terms
ESC1000 CH 8
sequence of particular geologic events…
principle of Catastrophism
neptunists believed
plutonists believed that
relative age, absolute age
- incorrect... - earth changes caused by supernatural disasters…
the sea formed earth's rocky layers... - earth = old
crystalline rocks had crystallizd from a molten state... - earth…
sequence of particular geologic events…
relative age, absolute age
principle of Catastrophism
- incorrect... - earth changes caused by supernatural disasters…
58 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 8 Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
earthquake
focus
epicenter
along faults and areas of subduction
A vibration of the earth caused by a rapid release of energy.
the zone where rock movement produces an earthquake
the location on the surface directly above the focus of an ea…
Geological features where most earthquakes are located
earthquake
A vibration of the earth caused by a rapid release of energy.
focus
the zone where rock movement produces an earthquake
114 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 7 Review
Magma
Lava
Viscosity
Eruption Column
molten rock that usually contains some crystals and varying a…
erupted magma
magma's mobility (resistance to flow)
a buoyant plume of hot, ash-laden gases that can extend thous…
Magma
molten rock that usually contains some crystals and varying a…
Lava
erupted magma
36 terms
Chapter 2 ESC1000
What is a mineral?
What is a mineraloid?
What are the basic building blocks of…
What is the name of the smallest parti…
A natural and inorganic solid that posses an orderly internal…
Lacks an orderly internal structure
Elements
Atoms
What is a mineral?
A natural and inorganic solid that posses an orderly internal…
What is a mineraloid?
Lacks an orderly internal structure
14 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 4
External process
Internal Processes
Earth's External Processes
Weathering
Weathering, mass wasting, and erosion are responsible for cre…
Internal processes lead to volcanic activity and mountain bui…
•Weathering - the disintegration and decomposition of materia…
Two kinds of weathering... -Mechanical weathering... •Breaking of r…
External process
Weathering, mass wasting, and erosion are responsible for cre…
Internal Processes
Internal processes lead to volcanic activity and mountain bui…
21 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 17 Clouds
cumulus
cirrus
cirrostratus
cirrocumulus
Form of cloud that is puff balls, often with a flat base (but…
Cloud that is high level and wispy, or light and patchy in fo…
High level, very light layers of cloud.
High level, puffy ball clouds.
cumulus
Form of cloud that is puff balls, often with a flat base (but…
cirrus
Cloud that is high level and wispy, or light and patchy in fo…
16 terms
ESC_PS Chapter 8
emotional competence
emotion
basic emotions
social emotions
ability to regulate one's own emotions and to understand othe…
a subjective reaction to an important event
1. interest... 2. joy/happiness... 3. sadness... 4. anger... 5. disgust... 6…
1. envy... 2. embarrassment... 3. shame... 4. guilt... 5. pride
emotional competence
ability to regulate one's own emotions and to understand othe…
emotion
a subjective reaction to an important event
31 terms
Chapter 14 ESC 1000
A large body of air characterized by r…
Which air mass would be associated wit…
Which pair of air masses most influenc…
Maritime tropical air masses affecting…
Air mass
Maritime tropical
Continental polar and maritime tropical
Caribbean sea ... Atlantic Ocean ... Gulf of Mexico
A large body of air characterized by r…
Air mass
Which air mass would be associated wit…
Maritime tropical
28 terms
Chapter 13 ESC 1000
Which of the following instruments mea…
Which of the following is not a factor…
Fast moving upper lever rivers of air…
Which of the following best describes…
Anemometer... Aneroid barometer... Mercury barometer
Magnetism
Jet streams
Divergent clockwise
Which of the following instruments mea…
Anemometer... Aneroid barometer... Mercury barometer
Which of the following is not a factor…
Magnetism
46 terms
ESC 1000 Chapter 11
What are landscapes developed by catas…
Who concluded that the Earth was only…
What is the fundamental principle of G…
What is the slogan of Uniformitarianism?
Catastrophism
James Ussher
Uniformitarianism
The present is the key to the past
What are landscapes developed by catas…
Catastrophism
Who concluded that the Earth was only…
James Ussher
27 terms
ESC chapter 8
emotional competence
emotion
appraisal
basic emotions
the ability to regulate one's own emotions and to understand…
subjective reaction to an important event and involves physio…
meaning given to an event
universal, innate emotions appearing in first six months of l…
emotional competence
the ability to regulate one's own emotions and to understand…
emotion
subjective reaction to an important event and involves physio…
13 terms
ESC chapter 8
emotional competence
emotion
appraisal
basic emotions
the ability to regulate one's own emotions and to understand…
subjective reaction to an important event and involves physio…
meaning given to an event
universal, innate emotions appearing in first six months of l…
emotional competence
the ability to regulate one's own emotions and to understand…
emotion
subjective reaction to an important event and involves physio…
41 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 16 Atmosphere
Weather
Climate
Elements of weather
air temperature
The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place. Also c…
The sum of all the weather information that helps describe a…
air temperature, humidity, type and amount of cloudiness, typ…
Elements of weather: ______________, humidity, type and amoun…
Weather
The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place. Also c…
Climate
The sum of all the weather information that helps describe a…
14 terms
Chapter 14 ESC 1000
Two criteria used to classify air mass…
Four basic types of air masses
lake-effect snows
Which air mass is associated with lake…
• Polar (P)... -High latitudes: cold... • Tropical (T)... -Low latitud…
1. Continental polar (cP)... 2. Continental tropical (cT) ... 3. M…
Localized snowstorms that form on the downwind side of a lake…
•Continental polar (cP) air masses are associated with lake-e…
Two criteria used to classify air mass…
• Polar (P)... -High latitudes: cold... • Tropical (T)... -Low latitud…
Four basic types of air masses
1. Continental polar (cP)... 2. Continental tropical (cT) ... 3. M…
122 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 3 Rocks
element
atom
molecule
compound
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
The smallest particle that can exist as an element
2 or more atoms joined together
A molecule comprised of two or more elements
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
atom
The smallest particle that can exist as an element
24 terms
ESC Chapter 8 Vocab MDL
Plate Tectonics
Moho
Mantle
Lithosphere
A theory that Earth's crust is divided into distinct, moving…
the dividing line between the Earth's crust and the mantle, 3…
The 2,800 kilometer deep section of the Earth between the cru…
The hard outer shell of the solid Earth, including the crust…
Plate Tectonics
A theory that Earth's crust is divided into distinct, moving…
Moho
the dividing line between the Earth's crust and the mantle, 3…
27 terms
Chapter 3 ESC1000
What is the purpose of the rock cycle?
Name the three types of rocks
Describe Igneous rock
Describe Metamorphic rock
Shows the interrelationships among the three rock types
Sedimentary, Metamorphic, and Igneous
Weathering, transportation, and deposition
Melting
What is the purpose of the rock cycle?
Shows the interrelationships among the three rock types
Name the three types of rocks
Sedimentary, Metamorphic, and Igneous
57 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 2
What was the old idea of science known…
What is the new idea of science known…
Ancient civilizations interpreted risi…
a small, rocky planet, orbits the sun,…
Geocentric Orbit hypothesis
Heliocentric system
Geocentric Orbit hypothesis
The Earth
What was the old idea of science known…
Geocentric Orbit hypothesis
What is the new idea of science known…
Heliocentric system
43 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 5
a fracture in the crust on which movem…
Fault is?
location where movement begins on faul…
location on surface above the focus is…
Fault
-a zone of weakness where earthquake occurs
Focus
Epicenter
a fracture in the crust on which movem…
Fault
Fault is?
-a zone of weakness where earthquake occurs
26 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 3
Near-Earth Objects abbreviation is?
asteroids or comets that approach Earth
If its coming down from space its know…
If its coming down from earth its know…
NEOs
NEOs
Astro
Meteor
Near-Earth Objects abbreviation is?
NEOs
asteroids or comets that approach Earth
NEOs
39 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 1
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
The name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
The science that examines earth, it's form and composition, a…
The scientific study of oceans and ocean phenomena.
The scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
Earth Science
The name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
Geology
The science that examines earth, it's form and composition, a…
64 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 6
Viscosity=
What can determine how explosive a vol…
Viscosity material decreases with?
Viscosity varies with?
Resistance to flow
Viscosity
increasing tempteratres
Composition
Viscosity=
Resistance to flow
What can determine how explosive a vol…
Viscosity
128 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 6 Review:
earthquake
Faults
hypocenter (focus)
epicenter
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
fractures in the Earth's crust
the location where slippage begins
the point on Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
earthquake
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
fractures in the Earth's crust
39 terms
Biol 1000 Chapter 8
Why do cells have to be careful when d…
prokaryotic cell division is called
steps of binary fission (has 3 periods)
Francois Jacob introduced a model of s…
-if they divide too slow they may grow too large... -too fast: m…
binary fission which means dividing into two parts
-B period is cell grows for some time before DNA synthesis mu…
-this model basically said that DNA replication occurs passiv…
Why do cells have to be careful when d…
-if they divide too slow they may grow too large... -too fast: m…
prokaryotic cell division is called
binary fission which means dividing into two parts
62 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 4
Earth Magnetic field have what type of…
The negative and positive poles are lo…
What lines up along the lines of the m…
Preserves ancient magnetic field is ca…
negative and positive pole
north and south poles
A compass needle
Paleomagnetism
Earth Magnetic field have what type of…
negative and positive pole
The negative and positive poles are lo…
north and south poles
31 terms
Chapter 1 ESC1000
What is Geology?
What is Oceanography?
What is Meteorology?
What is Astronomy?
The study of Earth
The study of the ocean
The study of the atmosphere and the processes that produce we…
The study of the universe
What is Geology?
The study of Earth
What is Oceanography?
The study of the ocean
21 terms
KIN 1000 Chapter 8
Roles of Cardiovascular system
Cardiac cycle
Blood pressure
Measuring blood pressure
-To transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues... -to transp…
-right filled with deoxygenated blood... -left filled with oxyge…
-Important measure of cardiac function ... -Two components to th…
-doctor takes patients blood pressure using a sphygmomanomete…
Roles of Cardiovascular system
-To transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues... -to transp…
Cardiac cycle
-right filled with deoxygenated blood... -left filled with oxyge…
69 terms
Psych 1000 Chapter 8
memory
the three measures of retention
recall
recognition
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
1. recall... 2. recognition... 3. relearning
retrieving information that is not currently in your consciou…
identifying items previously learned... ex: a multiple choice e…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
the three measures of retention
1. recall... 2. recognition... 3. relearning
11 terms
ESC 1000 Chapter 2 & 3
Isotopes of the same elements
Diamond
Hardness
gypsum
Atoms that have different numbers of neutrons and the same nu…
This mineral is the hardest known substance in nature.
The resistance of a mineral to abrasion is known as
The mineral _____ has water bound into its structure.
Isotopes of the same elements
Atoms that have different numbers of neutrons and the same nu…
Diamond
This mineral is the hardest known substance in nature.
18 terms
COMM 1000 Chapter 8 review
Interpersonal Communication
Norms
Expected Roles
Enacted Roels
Communication between at least two interdependent parties. Gu…
Socially acceptable behavior that we all follow. People need…
how someone is supposed to act in a certain role
How one actually acts in a certain role
Interpersonal Communication
Communication between at least two interdependent parties. Gu…
Norms
Socially acceptable behavior that we all follow. People need…
40 terms
FSU ESC1000 Chapter 9
volcano
lava flow
Products of eruption
viscosity
1.) a vent from which molten rock from inside the earth spews…
1.)characteristics depend on viscosity, temperature & composi…
Lava flows, pyroclastic debris and gas
resistance to flow - characterizes different lava
volcano
1.) a vent from which molten rock from inside the earth spews…
lava flow
1.)characteristics depend on viscosity, temperature & composi…
58 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 13 & 14 - Ocean floor
mid ocean ridge
Charles Darwin
almost 7
Pacific
What is typically found in the middle of an ocean?
Who figured out how atolls were formed?
Depth of the Mariana Trench in miles.
Deepest ocean
mid ocean ridge
What is typically found in the middle of an ocean?
Charles Darwin
Who figured out how atolls were formed?
21 terms
NUTR 1000 Chapter 8
liver
plant
animal
vitamin A
where is vit. a stored?
what type of food products contain carotenoids?
what type of food products contain retinoids?
the leading cause of blindness worldwide is due to deficiency…
liver
where is vit. a stored?
plant
what type of food products contain carotenoids?
57 terms
Psych 1000 Chapter 8
Memory
Encoding
storage
retrieval
allows us to record information
short term memory through senses, then encodes into long term
retaining info overtime
accessing info from storage
Memory
allows us to record information
Encoding
short term memory through senses, then encodes into long term
20 terms
Econ 1000 - chapter 8
stabilization function
fiscal policy
monetary policy
"The General Theory of Employment, Int…
attempts by government to minimize fluctuations in overall ma…
government policies related to spending and revenue generation
government policies which determine a nation's Money Supply
written against the backdrop of the Great Depression, which w…
stabilization function
attempts by government to minimize fluctuations in overall ma…
fiscal policy
government policies related to spending and revenue generation
20 terms
COMM 1000- Chapter 8
parts of a speech
body
patterns of organization
chronological pattern
Introduction, The body, Transitions, The conclusion.
The middle and main part of a speech; includes main and subor…
A structure for ordering the main points of a speech.
A pattern that organizes a speech by how something develops o…
parts of a speech
Introduction, The body, Transitions, The conclusion.
body
The middle and main part of a speech; includes main and subor…
37 terms
PSYC 1000 // Chapter 8
memory
recall
recognition
relearning
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve informa…
a measure of memory in which the person need only identify it…
a measure of memory that assesses the amount of time saved wh…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
recall
a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve informa…
Psychology 1000 Chapter 8
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Refers to the process that allows us to record and later retr…
Refers to getting information into the system by translating…
Involved in retaining information over time. Once in the syst…
The way we pull information out of storage when we want to us…
Memory
Refers to the process that allows us to record and later retr…
Encoding
Refers to getting information into the system by translating…
107 terms
Psych 1000 Chapter 8
memory
3 component model of memeory
encoding
automatic processes
processes that allow us to record and later retrieve experien…
sensory registers... short term memory... long term memory
getting information into the system by translating it into ne…
encoding that occurs without intention and requires minimal a…
memory
processes that allow us to record and later retrieve experien…
3 component model of memeory
sensory registers... short term memory... long term memory
20 terms
HSC1000 (Chapter 8)
Growth
Development
Physical
Psychosocial
refers to the physical changes that take place in the body. E…
refers to the increase in mental, emotional, and social capab…
Growth of the body, including motor sensory adaptation.
Includes both the Psychosocial and social development. Ex: em…
Growth
refers to the physical changes that take place in the body. E…
Development
refers to the increase in mental, emotional, and social capab…
37 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 18 Air Pressure and Wind
Barometer
1013 millibars
1 bar
Decreases
a device used to measure air pressure
Average air pressure at sea level, in millibars
Average air pressure at sea level, in bars
What does air pressure do with altitude?
Barometer
a device used to measure air pressure
1013 millibars
Average air pressure at sea level, in millibars
47 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 5 Running Water and Groundwater
oceans
2.8
2.15
0.6
Where is most of the earth's water?
Percentage of the earth's water that is freshwater.
Percentage of the earth's freshwater that is in glaciers
Percentage of the earth's freshwater that is in groundwater
oceans
Where is most of the earth's water?
2.8
Percentage of the earth's water that is freshwater.
157 terms
Memory (Psych 1000, Chapter 8)
memory
H.M. (case)
encoding
storage
the processes that allow us to record and later retrieve expe…
had most of his hippocampus and surrounding brain tissue surg…
acquisition, refers to getting information into the system by…
involves retaining information over time
memory
the processes that allow us to record and later retrieve expe…
H.M. (case)
had most of his hippocampus and surrounding brain tissue surg…
20 terms
Econ 1000 - chapter 8
stabilization function
fiscal policy
monetary policy
"The General Theory of Employment, Int…
attempts by government to minimize fluctuations in overall ma…
government policies related to spending and revenue generation
government policies which determine a nation's Money Supply
written against the backdrop of the Great Depression, which w…
stabilization function
attempts by government to minimize fluctuations in overall ma…
fiscal policy
government policies related to spending and revenue generation
58 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 17 Moisture, Clouds and Precipitation
Melting
Cooling process
Freezing
Heating process
Substance solid transforms to liquid. A cooling process
Is melting a heating or cooling process?
liquid transforms to solid. A heating process.
Is freezing a heating or cooling process?
Melting
Substance solid transforms to liquid. A cooling process
Cooling process
Is melting a heating or cooling process?
13 terms
finance 1000 chapter 8
cooperative or co-op
condo
homeowners fee
points or discount points
an apartment building or group of apartments owned by a corpo…
a type of apartment building that allows for the individual o…
a monthly fee paid by the sharholder to the cooperative copor…
charges used to raise the effective cost of the mortgage loan…
cooperative or co-op
an apartment building or group of apartments owned by a corpo…
condo
a type of apartment building that allows for the individual o…
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