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Study sets matching "esc1000 clouds precipitation"

58 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 17 Moisture, Clouds and Precipitation
Melting
Cooling process
Freezing
Heating process
Substance solid transforms to liquid. A cooling process
Is melting a heating or cooling process?
liquid transforms to solid. A heating process.
Is freezing a heating or cooling process?
Melting
Substance solid transforms to liquid. A cooling process
Cooling process
Is melting a heating or cooling process?
58 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 17 Moisture, Clouds and Precipitation
Melting
Cooling process
Freezing
Heating process
Substance solid transforms to liquid. A cooling process
Is melting a heating or cooling process?
liquid transforms to solid. A heating process.
Is freezing a heating or cooling process?
Melting
Substance solid transforms to liquid. A cooling process
Cooling process
Is melting a heating or cooling process?
21 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 17 Clouds
cumulus
cirrus
cirrostratus
cirrocumulus
Form of cloud that is puff balls, often with a flat base (but…
Cloud that is high level and wispy, or light and patchy in fo…
High level, very light layers of cloud.
High level, puffy ball clouds.
cumulus
Form of cloud that is puff balls, often with a flat base (but…
cirrus
Cloud that is high level and wispy, or light and patchy in fo…
37 terms
Geography 1000 : Clouds and precipitation End and climate and environment change
Climate change
paleoclimatology
weather
Climate
a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribut…
study of past climates
observations in meteorological phenomena day to day ... -Chaotic…
observations in meteorological phenomena over a long period o…
Climate change
a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribut…
paleoclimatology
study of past climates
239 terms
ESC1000
The smallest particle that exists as a…
Most minerals are chemical
Which of the following minerals could…
Which of the following igneous rocks c…
Atom
Compounds
Quartz
Granite
The smallest particle that exists as a…
Atom
Most minerals are chemical
Compounds
10 terms
Ch. 12 Quiz - Moisture, Clouds, Precipitation
b. calorie p. 342
e. sublimation p. 343
c. relative p. 344
c. 100% p.345
1. The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of on…
2. What term is used to describe the conversion of a solid di…
3. The ratio of the air's actual water-vapor content to its p…
4. When air is saturated, its relative humidity is ____.... a.…
b. calorie p. 342
1. The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of on…
e. sublimation p. 343
2. What term is used to describe the conversion of a solid di…
114 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 7 Review
Magma
Lava
Viscosity
Eruption Column
molten rock that usually contains some crystals and varying a…
erupted magma
magma's mobility (resistance to flow)
a buoyant plume of hot, ash-laden gases that can extend thous…
Magma
molten rock that usually contains some crystals and varying a…
Lava
erupted magma
197 terms
ESC1000 Midterm Study Guide
Aside from Earth, the terrestrial plan…
Eratosthenes was the first person to a…
Our Sun belongs to a Galaxy known as
The closest galaxy to ours is blank, w…
Mars, Mercury, and Venus
Observing shadows simultaneously cast at two different cities…
the Milky Way
Andromeda; 2.2
Aside from Earth, the terrestrial plan…
Mars, Mercury, and Venus
Eratosthenes was the first person to a…
Observing shadows simultaneously cast at two different cities…
41 terms
FSU ESC1000 exam 1 (part 1)
What is cosmology?
The early models of the universe is ca…
Geocentric is a theory by........ and…
Heliocentric is a theory by........ an…
The study of the structure and evolution of the universe.
Geocentric & Heliocentric
-Alexandria... -Our solar system revolves around the earth
-Copernicus... -Our solar system revolves around the sun
What is cosmology?
The study of the structure and evolution of the universe.
The early models of the universe is ca…
Geocentric & Heliocentric
ESC 1000 Final Exam Part 2
what is a rock?
what is cement
what is a clastic rock
what is a crystalline rock
a coherent and naturally occurring solid consisting of an agg…
natural mineral material the precipitates to fill the spaces…
one held together by cement
one who's crystals interlock with eachother
what is a rock?
a coherent and naturally occurring solid consisting of an agg…
what is cement
natural mineral material the precipitates to fill the spaces…
ESC 1000 Final Exam Part 1
Who created the geocentric theory?
Who contributed to the heliocentric th…
What is the circumference of the earth
what is a light year
Ptolemy
Copernicus introduces it. Galileo furthers it, newton finishe…
40,008 km or 24,865 miles
the distance that light travels in one earth year, equals abo…
Who created the geocentric theory?
Ptolemy
Who contributed to the heliocentric th…
Copernicus introduces it. Galileo furthers it, newton finishe…
41 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 16 Atmosphere
Weather
Climate
Elements of weather
air temperature
The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place. Also c…
The sum of all the weather information that helps describe a…
air temperature, humidity, type and amount of cloudiness, typ…
Elements of weather: ______________, humidity, type and amoun…
Weather
The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place. Also c…
Climate
The sum of all the weather information that helps describe a…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Moisture, Clouds, & Precipitation
precipitation
latent heat
evaporation
condensation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
Hidden heat that can produce a change in state of water, also…
The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
latent heat
Hidden heat that can produce a change in state of water, also…
72 terms
ESC1000 test 2
rock
cement
crystalline rock
bedrock
coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting of minerals
natural mineral material that precipitates to fill the space…
rocks where crystals interlock with each other
underlying the surface and still attached to the crust
rock
coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting of minerals
cement
natural mineral material that precipitates to fill the space…
111 terms
ESC 1000 Test 1
Meteorologist
What what type of electromagnetic is u…
_______ is an example of a renewable r…
What did the ancient Greek philosopher…
Scientists that would most likely be involved in the study if…
Radio Waves
Solar Energy
That it was the center of the universe
Meteorologist
Scientists that would most likely be involved in the study if…
What what type of electromagnetic is u…
Radio Waves
15 terms
Ch. 12 Questions - Moisture, Clouds, Precipitation
Summarize the processes by which water…
Explain the principal of the sling psy…
On a warm summer day when the the rela…
Why does air cool when it rises throug…
1. Heat is absorbed when ice changes to water (melting), when…
7. Sling psychrometer: The lower the relative humidity, the m…
8. Since the relative humidity is high, there would be a mini…
9. As air rises, it expands because air pressure decreases wi…
Summarize the processes by which water…
1. Heat is absorbed when ice changes to water (melting), when…
Explain the principal of the sling psy…
7. Sling psychrometer: The lower the relative humidity, the m…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Moisture, Clouds, & Precipitation
precipitation
latent heat
evaporation
condensation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
Hidden heat that can produce a change in state of water, also…
The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
latent heat
Hidden heat that can produce a change in state of water, also…
55 terms
ESC1000 Test 1
Science
Scientific Method
Yes, they must be able to make predict…
Never, it is an ongoing process.
The study of nature and the search for natures secrets.
The constant interplay between experiment and theory is the e…
Do all scientific theories have to be testable?
When is science finished?
Science
The study of nature and the search for natures secrets.
Scientific Method
The constant interplay between experiment and theory is the e…
26 terms
ESC1000 Quiz 4
4 layers of the atmosphere?
6 miles thick... has waves... unstable and p…
has the very thickest atmosphere... 50 mi…
in the thermosphere _____ and _______…
1.troposphere... 2.stratosphere... 3.Mesosphere... 4.thermosphere
troposphere
thermosphere
nitrogen/oxygen/sun/aurora
4 layers of the atmosphere?
1.troposphere... 2.stratosphere... 3.Mesosphere... 4.thermosphere
6 miles thick... has waves... unstable and p…
troposphere
49 terms
ESC1000 Quiz 1
What are the defining characteristics…
What is a rock?
What are the particles that make up an…
Protons
Inorganic... Naturally Occurring... Solid ... Definite Chemical Compos…
It is a naturally occurring solid aggregate mass of mineral,…
Protons ... Neutrons... Electrons
Found in the nucleus... Have a positive charge
What are the defining characteristics…
Inorganic... Naturally Occurring... Solid ... Definite Chemical Compos…
What is a rock?
It is a naturally occurring solid aggregate mass of mineral,…
129 terms
ESC 1000 FSU exam 2
Rock
Cement
Clastic Rock
Crystalline Rock
a rock is coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting…
natural mineral material (ions carried in groundwater) that p…
a rock held together by cement
rocks whose crystals interlock with each other
Rock
a rock is coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting…
Cement
natural mineral material (ions carried in groundwater) that p…
ESC1000 Exam Part 4
bed
basement rock
clastic
chemical
layers in which sedimentary rocks occur
sedimentary rocks cover underlying __________
composed of cemented mineral grains and/or rock fragments
precipitated minerals
bed
layers in which sedimentary rocks occur
basement rock
sedimentary rocks cover underlying __________
96 terms
esc 1000 test 3 odom
mass wasting
factors that effect mass wasting (infl…
ways in which human activity can influ…
natural processes that over-steepen sl…
the down slope movement of rock, soil, or sediment under the…
nature of the materials (unconsolidated sediment-soil or cons…
surface mining, construction, pumping (water, oil, etc), irri…
stream erosion, wave erosion, tectonic uplift, volcanic activ…
mass wasting
the down slope movement of rock, soil, or sediment under the…
factors that effect mass wasting (infl…
nature of the materials (unconsolidated sediment-soil or cons…
ESC1000 Exam 2 Part 1
Rock
Cement
Clastic Rock
Crystalline Rock
a coherent and naturally occurring solid, made of many minerals
natural mineral material that precipitates to fill the space…
a rock held together by cement
a rock whose crystals interlock with eachother
Rock
a coherent and naturally occurring solid, made of many minerals
Cement
natural mineral material that precipitates to fill the space…
Moisture, Clouds, and Precipitation
The most important gas for atmospheric…
change from solid to liquid
melting requires what kind of energy
the energy required to change state
water vapor
melting
latent heat
latent heat
The most important gas for atmospheric…
water vapor
change from solid to liquid
melting
17 terms
ESC1000 Q14
Water molecules leave the solid state…
Water molecules leave the liquid state…
Which of the following cloud types pro…
Which of the following cloud types pro…
Melting and sublimination
Freezing and Desposition
None of the above
Stratus
Water molecules leave the solid state…
Melting and sublimination
Water molecules leave the liquid state…
Freezing and Desposition
137 terms
Esc1000 Fsu Exam 2 Goddard (Danny)
Atomic Structure
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Isotopes
Natural substances are made from the ~90 chemical elements
Approximately equivalent to the number of protons and neutron…
- every H has 1 proton... -every C has 6 protons... -every O has 8…
-behave the same ... - # of neutrons can vary ... - Isotopes name =…
Atomic Structure
Natural substances are made from the ~90 chemical elements
Atomic Mass
Approximately equivalent to the number of protons and neutron…
24 terms
Moisture, clouds, and precipitation
water vapor
melting
latent heat
evaporation
the most important gas for atmospheric processes
change from ice to liquid water
the energy required to change state
change from liquid to gas
water vapor
the most important gas for atmospheric processes
melting
change from ice to liquid water
58 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 13 & 14 - Ocean floor
mid ocean ridge
Charles Darwin
almost 7
Pacific
What is typically found in the middle of an ocean?
Who figured out how atolls were formed?
Depth of the Mariana Trench in miles.
Deepest ocean
mid ocean ridge
What is typically found in the middle of an ocean?
Charles Darwin
Who figured out how atolls were formed?
85 terms
ESC 1000
Rock
Clastic
Crystalline
Wentworth Scale
a coherent and naturally occurring solid made of aggregate mi…
rocks held together by cement
rocks whose crystals interlock with one another
scale to specify the type of sedimentary particle based on size
Rock
a coherent and naturally occurring solid made of aggregate mi…
Clastic
rocks held together by cement
36 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 19 Weather Patterns and Severe Storms
Air mass
Front
Polar air mass
Tropical air mass
very large parcel of air that moves across the surface with s…
the line where two or more air masses meet.
Air mass that develops at high latitudes and is cold.
Air mass that develops at low latitudes (30 degrees and south…
Air mass
very large parcel of air that moves across the surface with s…
Front
the line where two or more air masses meet.
37 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 18 Air Pressure and Wind
Barometer
1013 millibars
1 bar
Decreases
a device used to measure air pressure
Average air pressure at sea level, in millibars
Average air pressure at sea level, in bars
What does air pressure do with altitude?
Barometer
a device used to measure air pressure
1013 millibars
Average air pressure at sea level, in millibars
83 terms
FSU GLY1000 Exam 2 Goddard (Danny)
Minerals are:
In crystalline lattices of minerals,
Minerals form through
There are 4000 known types of minerals…
-Homogeneous... -naturally occurring... -solid substance w/ a chemi…
atoms occur in a specific pattern
- Solidification of the melt... - Precipitation from a water sol…
color, streak, hardness, luster, specific gravity, crystal fo…
Minerals are:
-Homogeneous... -naturally occurring... -solid substance w/ a chemi…
In crystalline lattices of minerals,
atoms occur in a specific pattern
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Moisture, Clouds, & Precipitation
precipitation
latent heat
evaporation
condensation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
Hidden heat that can produce a change in state of water, also…
The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
latent heat
Hidden heat that can produce a change in state of water, also…
20 terms
Earth Science Moisture Clouds and Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
Melting
heat energy that is not associated with temperature change ... e…
Process of converting a liquid to a gas. Energy is absorbed
Process of converting a gas to a liquid. Energy is released.…
Process of converting a solid to a liquid. Energy is absorbed.
Latent Heat
heat energy that is not associated with temperature change ... e…
Evaporation
Process of converting a liquid to a gas. Energy is absorbed
17 terms
Mod 7--Clouds Etc
Weather
Climate
Thermal energy
Water Vapor
Condition of earth's atmosphere
Steady Condition of a region
Energy from the sun
In atmosphere is humidity or condenses to clouds
Weather
Condition of earth's atmosphere
Climate
Steady Condition of a region
103 terms
ESC 1000 exam 2
Mineral
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon, Nitrogen
Silicate group
Silicon Tetrahedron
inorganic, naturally occurring solid with crystalline structure
Most common elements in Rock forming minerals
Largest group of minerals/ Silicon and Oxygen tetrahedron
1 silicon bonded with 4 oxygen molecules
Mineral
inorganic, naturally occurring solid with crystalline structure
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon, Nitrogen
Most common elements in Rock forming minerals
174 terms
ESC 1000 - Exam 2
Rock
Cement
Clastic Rock
Crystalline Rock
a rock is coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting…
natural mineral material (ions carried in groundwater) that p…
a rock held together by cement
rocks whose crystals interlock with each other
Rock
a rock is coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting…
Cement
natural mineral material (ions carried in groundwater) that p…
56 terms
ESC 1000 IV Exam
The process involved in changes of sta…
The difference between Absolute and Re…
How air temperature changes in rising…
The horizontal cloud development from…
Melting-solid to liquid less caloric energy is required, evap…
Absolute Humidity is the weight of water vapor in a specified…
Air temperature decreases in rising unstable air and increase…
cool surface air is forced upward, same temperature as the su…
The process involved in changes of sta…
Melting-solid to liquid less caloric energy is required, evap…
The difference between Absolute and Re…
Absolute Humidity is the weight of water vapor in a specified…
57 terms
Earth Science Chapter 21
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
distance between crest of one wave and crest of next wave
telescope
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
electromagnetic radiation
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
46 terms
ESC 1000 Chapter 11
What are landscapes developed by catas…
Who concluded that the Earth was only…
What is the fundamental principle of G…
What is the slogan of Uniformitarianism?
Catastrophism
James Ussher
Uniformitarianism
The present is the key to the past
What are landscapes developed by catas…
Catastrophism
Who concluded that the Earth was only…
James Ussher
117 terms
ESC 1000 PSC Shelton Unit 5
Study of the universe
The cosmos
the distance light travels in space
Light-speed =
Astronomy/Cosmosology
complex and orderly systemed universe
Lightyear=
186,000 mi/sec or 300,000 km/sec
Study of the universe
Astronomy/Cosmosology
The cosmos
complex and orderly systemed universe
28 terms
Chapter 13 ESC 1000
Which of the following instruments mea…
Which of the following is not a factor…
Fast moving upper lever rivers of air…
Which of the following best describes…
Anemometer... Aneroid barometer... Mercury barometer
Magnetism
Jet streams
Divergent clockwise
Which of the following instruments mea…
Anemometer... Aneroid barometer... Mercury barometer
Which of the following is not a factor…
Magnetism
147 terms
ESC Exam 2
Decreases
Isobars
Isobars
Stations at higher elevations will alw…
What does pressure do as altitude increases?
How is surface pressure mapped?
Lines of equal pressure
What is the problem with surface pressure?
Decreases
What does pressure do as altitude increases?
Isobars
How is surface pressure mapped?
9 terms
ESC 1000 Final Exam powerpoint 4
Crystal
Every mineral has two fundamental char…
Definition of minerals: (6 reasons)
Mineral Formation
A solid, with atoms arranged in a highly ordered structure... T…
• Crystal structure... • Chemical composition
. Naturally occurring... • Solid (element or compound)... • Formed…
Solidification of a melt Precipitation from a water solution…
Crystal
A solid, with atoms arranged in a highly ordered structure... T…
Every mineral has two fundamental char…
• Crystal structure... • Chemical composition
10 terms
Chapter 9 Oceans
d. 71%
a. salinity
b. thermocline
e. sound
1. What percentage of Earth's surface is covered by oceans an…
2. The proportion of dissolved salts to pure water in the oce…
3. The layer of rapid temperature change below the ocean surf…
4. Using an echo sounder, scientists can determine the depth…
d. 71%
1. What percentage of Earth's surface is covered by oceans an…
a. salinity
2. The proportion of dissolved salts to pure water in the oce…
201 terms
ESC 1000 Midterm 2 Review
Ch. 9 -In 79 C.E., the citizens of Pom…
Ch. 9 -The smoky cloud that rises from…
Ch. 9 -Pele's hair ____________.
Ch. 9 -Ash, cinders, and blocks are al…
c. Mt Vesuvius
c. fine volcaniclastic debris suspended in the air
a. consists of thin strands of basaltic volcaniclastic debris
a. volcaniclastic debris
Ch. 9 -In 79 C.E., the citizens of Pom…
c. Mt Vesuvius
Ch. 9 -The smoky cloud that rises from…
c. fine volcaniclastic debris suspended in the air
10 terms
Ch. 11 Quiz - Climate
c. altitude
d. nitrogen and oxygen
c. is invisible
e. ozone
1. Which of the following is NOT considered an element of wea…
2. The most abundant gases in the atmosphere by volume are __…
3. Water vapor __________.... a. makes clouds dark... b. feels wet…
4. Which atmospheric gas filters out most of the ultraviolet…
c. altitude
1. Which of the following is NOT considered an element of wea…
d. nitrogen and oxygen
2. The most abundant gases in the atmosphere by volume are __…
40 terms
Cloud formation and Precipitation Chapter 19
Saturation Vapor Pressure
Exothermic
Endothermic
Temperature
Maximum amount of water vapor that can be held in given volum…
Heat Energy released
Heat Energy Absorbed
measure of average thermal energy
Saturation Vapor Pressure
Maximum amount of water vapor that can be held in given volum…
Exothermic
Heat Energy released
40 terms
Plate tectonics and Weather
weathering
mechanical weathering
Chemical weathering
Erosion
breakdown of rock on the Earth's surface.
Rock is broken down physically
Rock is broken down chemically.
The movement of weathered material from one place to another.
weathering
breakdown of rock on the Earth's surface.
mechanical weathering
Rock is broken down physically
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