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Study sets matching "esc1000 earthquakes"

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Study sets matching "esc1000 earthquakes"

16 terms
ESC 1000 final exam Pt. 11 earthquakes
TERMINOLOGY
Creep
EARTHQUAKE OR SEISMIC SLIP
Location of earthquakes
Earthquakes occur along faults, planar breaks in rock. ... Stre…
movement along faults occurs gradually and relatively slowly…
Earth's crust moves very slow... Friction between rocks gener…
within the lithosphere... OCCUR IN LINEAR BELTS @ BOUNDARIES.
TERMINOLOGY
Earthquakes occur along faults, planar breaks in rock. ... Stre…
Creep
movement along faults occurs gradually and relatively slowly…
59 terms
ESC1000
Longshore Current
Beach Drift
Rip Current
Turbidity Current
The longshore current is part of the longshore transport that…
the progressive movement of sand and sediment along the beach.
one specific kind of water current that can be found near bea…
a current of rapidly moving, sediment-laden water moving down…
Longshore Current
The longshore current is part of the longshore transport that…
Beach Drift
the progressive movement of sand and sediment along the beach.
239 terms
ESC1000
The smallest particle that exists as a…
Most minerals are chemical
Which of the following minerals could…
Which of the following igneous rocks c…
Atom
Compounds
Quartz
Granite
The smallest particle that exists as a…
Atom
Most minerals are chemical
Compounds
58 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 8 Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
earthquake
focus
epicenter
along faults and areas of subduction
A vibration of the earth caused by a rapid release of energy.
the zone where rock movement produces an earthquake
the location on the surface directly above the focus of an ea…
Geological features where most earthquakes are located
earthquake
A vibration of the earth caused by a rapid release of energy.
focus
the zone where rock movement produces an earthquake
41 terms
ESC1000
Pull-apart, rift zones are generally a…
A typical rate of seafloor spreading i…
The continental drift hypothesis was r…
New oceanic crust and lithosphere are…
divergent
2 centimeters per year
identify a mechanism capable of moving continents
divergent boundaries by submarine eruptions and intrusions of…
Pull-apart, rift zones are generally a…
divergent
A typical rate of seafloor spreading i…
2 centimeters per year
37 terms
ESC 1000
alluvial fans
delta
braided stream
meandering stream
cone shaped deposit of sediment of la d
triangular mass of sediment deposited at the mouth if river t…
high angle, high velocity, mountain streams
low angle, low velocity,
alluvial fans
cone shaped deposit of sediment of la d
delta
triangular mass of sediment deposited at the mouth if river t…
18 terms
ESC - Earthquakes
Earthquakes
Seismicity (quake activity)
Hypocenter (focus)
Epicenter
Common; more than 1 million detectible in a year... Most are sma…
Occurs due to:... sudden motion along newly formed crustal fault…
Place where fault slip occurs; quakes expand outward from hyp…
Land surface right above the hypocenter
Earthquakes
Common; more than 1 million detectible in a year... Most are sma…
Seismicity (quake activity)
Occurs due to:... sudden motion along newly formed crustal fault…
11 terms
ESC Earthquakes
Earthquake
Hypocenter
Epicenter
Elastic rebound
Ground shaking caused by sudden and rapid movement of one blo…
Location on the fault where slippage begins.
Location on the SURFACE directly above the focus.
Earthquake mechanism. Vibrations occur as the deformed rock "…
Earthquake
Ground shaking caused by sudden and rapid movement of one blo…
Hypocenter
Location on the fault where slippage begins.
10 terms
ESC 1000
Surface ocean currents, and what the d…
Gyres and their circulation bending du…
Upwelling, and the significance of upw…
Cold and Warm currents
The wind is the main force
Gyres- circular ocean current ... Coriolis effect bends to right…
Water that is moving vertically. There're a lot of nutrients…
Cooler water South warm currents bring warmer water North.
Surface ocean currents, and what the d…
The wind is the main force
Gyres and their circulation bending du…
Gyres- circular ocean current ... Coriolis effect bends to right…
66 terms
esc 1000
circumference of the earth
distance to the moon
distance to the sun
distance to alpha centauri
40,008km (eratoshenes 276-194)
381,555km
149,600,000km
40.85 trillion km
circumference of the earth
40,008km (eratoshenes 276-194)
distance to the moon
381,555km
67 terms
ESC 1000
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
make up elements
Positive Charge
Neutral Charge
Negative Charge
Atoms
make up elements
Protons
Positive Charge
ESC1000
Theory
Hypothesis
How do earthquakes occur?
Lutz favorite mineral
the result of testing a hypothesis and developing an explanat…
an attempt to explain a phenomena. It is a proposal, a guess…
tend to occur along preexisting faults where internal stresse…
Halite
Theory
the result of testing a hypothesis and developing an explanat…
Hypothesis
an attempt to explain a phenomena. It is a proposal, a guess…
128 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 6 Review:
earthquake
Faults
hypocenter (focus)
epicenter
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
fractures in the Earth's crust
the location where slippage begins
the point on Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
earthquake
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
fractures in the Earth's crust
46 terms
ESC.1000 test 2
physical weathering
chemical weathering
factors influencing chemical weathering
exfoliation
geological process of rocks breaking apart without changing t…
any of the various weathering processes that cause exposed ro…
...
is the development of large, curved slates of granite by the…
physical weathering
geological process of rocks breaking apart without changing t…
chemical weathering
any of the various weathering processes that cause exposed ro…
34 terms
ESC1000
Thermosphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Troposphere
The uppermost layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature i…
the 2nd layer of the atmosphere that lies between the troposp…
the layer of the atmosphere between the stratosphere and the…
layer of Earth's atmosphere that is closest to the ground, co…
Thermosphere
The uppermost layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature i…
Stratosphere
the 2nd layer of the atmosphere that lies between the troposp…
111 terms
esc1000
what type of porosity and permeability…
give an example of a rock that would m…
give an example of a rock that would m…
what are three methods of stream trans…
high porosity and permeability
basalt
sandstone
*in solution(dissolved load), in suspension(suspended load),…
what type of porosity and permeability…
high porosity and permeability
give an example of a rock that would m…
basalt
41 terms
ESC1000
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
34 million miles from Sun, 3000 miles diameter, avg temp. 800…
67 million miles from Sun, 860 avg temp., 7400 miles diameter…
93 million miles from Sun, 7900 miles diameter, avg temp. 57…
134 million miles from Sun, 4300 miles diameter, -80 degrees…
Mercury
34 million miles from Sun, 3000 miles diameter, avg temp. 800…
Venus
67 million miles from Sun, 860 avg temp., 7400 miles diameter…
14 terms
esc1000
length (metric)
volume (metric)
mass (metric)
temp (metric)
meter
liter
gram
degree celsisus
length (metric)
meter
volume (metric)
liter
34 terms
ESC1000
Thermosphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Troposphere
The uppermost layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature i…
the 2nd layer of the atmosphere that lies between the troposp…
the layer of the atmosphere between the stratosphere and the…
layer of Earth's atmosphere that is closest to the ground, co…
Thermosphere
The uppermost layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature i…
Stratosphere
the 2nd layer of the atmosphere that lies between the troposp…
10 terms
esc1000
An unconformity is a buried
In the late 1700s James Hutton publish…
Catastrophism ________.
The ratio of parent to daughter isotop…
C) surface of erosion separating younger strata above from ol…
) Principles of Geology
helped man understand the true nature of the forces that shap…
B) between l and 2
An unconformity is a buried
C) surface of erosion separating younger strata above from ol…
In the late 1700s James Hutton publish…
) Principles of Geology
ESC1000-1
planets of the solar system and their…
Mercury
Venus
Earth
¬ Mercury... ¬ Venus... ¬ Earth... ¬ Mars... ¬ Jupiter... ¬ Saturn... ¬ Uranus…
has a tenuous and variable exosphere that is made up of hydro…
hottest planet in our Solar System. This is due to the CO²-ri…
composed of nitrogen (main gas 78%), oxygen (20%), water vapo…
planets of the solar system and their…
¬ Mercury... ¬ Venus... ¬ Earth... ¬ Mars... ¬ Jupiter... ¬ Saturn... ¬ Uranus…
Mercury
has a tenuous and variable exosphere that is made up of hydro…
109 terms
ESC 1000 (Exam One)
Heliosphere
Kuiper Belt
Dipole
Magnetosphere
The region of space, surrounding the solar system, in which s…
A region of the solar system beyond the orbit of Neptune, bel…
North and South Poles
Region of space where the dominant magnetic field is the magn…
Heliosphere
The region of space, surrounding the solar system, in which s…
Kuiper Belt
A region of the solar system beyond the orbit of Neptune, bel…
11 terms
ESC1000
Chapter 1
Contrast the geocentric and heliocentr…
Describe how Foucault's pendulum demon…
How did Eratosthenes calculate the cir…
Chapter 1
Geocentric said that the earth was orbited by the sun and oth…
demonstrates that the earth is rotating on its axis because h…
saw claim that sun hit a vertical wall percisely at noon on f…
Chapter 1
Chapter 1
Contrast the geocentric and heliocentr…
Geocentric said that the earth was orbited by the sun and oth…
16 terms
ESC1000
How many ocean are there?
The ocean is divided into to how many…
Oceanography consist of what make-up?
Geological
1
5 oceans, (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Southern)
Chemical, Geological, Physical, and Biological Oceanography
study of plate tectonics, petrology of oceanic rocks, sedimen…
How many ocean are there?
1
The ocean is divided into to how many…
5 oceans, (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Southern)
52 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 5
Most geologist rejected the idea of co…
List and explain the evidence presente…
Continental drift
Supercontinent
the evidence was collected from the continents of Africa, Sou…
1) The continental jigsaw puzzle - he reconstructed a map of…
Wegner formulated the idea in 1915 that South America and Afr…
1 continent consisting of all earth's land masses.
Most geologist rejected the idea of co…
the evidence was collected from the continents of Africa, Sou…
List and explain the evidence presente…
1) The continental jigsaw puzzle - he reconstructed a map of…
32 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 1
The investigation of interactions amon…
What is exosphere?
What are the four Earth components?
What does atmosphere consist of?
Earth Science
Sun & space
1.atmosphere... 2.hydrosphere... 3.biosphere... 4.geosphere
air & weather
The investigation of interactions amon…
Earth Science
What is exosphere?
Sun & space
18 terms
ESC Test 3: Earthquakes
seismic waves
types of seismic waves
P-wave
S-wave
travel through Earth's interior & along surface... - Felt as sha…
P-wave, S-wave, love wave
Compressional, like sound... Body wave: moves outward in three d…
moves in shearing motion, either vertical (SV) or horizontal…
seismic waves
travel through Earth's interior & along surface... - Felt as sha…
types of seismic waves
P-wave, S-wave, love wave
144 terms
ESC1000 Exam 2
Atomic Structure
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Isotope
Includes a nucleus, composed of protons & neutrons, surrounde…
# of protons
# of protons & neutrons
"Same element with different # of neutrons and different mass…
Atomic Structure
Includes a nucleus, composed of protons & neutrons, surrounde…
Atomic Number
# of protons
180 terms
ESC1000 exam 2
Classify Igneous rocks based on...
Composition- igneous
Felsic- igneous
Intermediate- igneous
1. Composition... 2. Texture... 3. Field relationships
relative abundance of SiO2 and various minerals, and relative…
High SiO2 content, low Fe and Mg, light colored
intermediate SiO2 content, intermediate Fe and Mg content, me…
Classify Igneous rocks based on...
1. Composition... 2. Texture... 3. Field relationships
Composition- igneous
relative abundance of SiO2 and various minerals, and relative…
128 terms
ESC 1000 (Exam Two)
Rock
Cement (Holds rocks together)
Clastic rock (Holds rocks together)
Crystalline rock
A naturally occurring solid aggregate of one or more mineral…
Hardening and welding of clastic sediments by the precipitati…
Are composed of fragments or clasts of pre-existing minerals…
Rocks whose crystals are grow in place and interlock with eac…
Rock
A naturally occurring solid aggregate of one or more mineral…
Cement (Holds rocks together)
Hardening and welding of clastic sediments by the precipitati…
43 terms
ESC1000 Final Exam Terms
Albedo
Glacial retreat
Deforestation
Terrestrial planets (Rocky Midgets)
fraction of the total radiation that is reflected by a surfac…
Glaciers are disappearing almost everywhere around the world…
The clearing of trees... -when wood is burned, the carbon contai…
A planet within the solar system that is composed primarily o…
Albedo
fraction of the total radiation that is reflected by a surfac…
Glacial retreat
Glaciers are disappearing almost everywhere around the world…
287 terms
ESC 1000 Final Exam
If a scientific method is followed, a…
Plate tectonics, biological evolution…
Which of the following is NOT an area…
Which type of scientists is most likel…
Theory..... hypotheses
Scientific Theories
Astrology
Meteorologist
If a scientific method is followed, a…
Theory..... hypotheses
Plate tectonics, biological evolution…
Scientific Theories
14 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 4
External process
Internal Processes
Earth's External Processes
Weathering
Weathering, mass wasting, and erosion are responsible for cre…
Internal processes lead to volcanic activity and mountain bui…
•Weathering - the disintegration and decomposition of materia…
Two kinds of weathering... -Mechanical weathering... •Breaking of r…
External process
Weathering, mass wasting, and erosion are responsible for cre…
Internal Processes
Internal processes lead to volcanic activity and mountain bui…
131 terms
ESC1000 Exam 2
Four Main Groups of Igneous Rocks base…
Felsic Rocks (igneous)
Intermediate Rocs (igneous)
Mafic
Felsic, Intermediate, Mafic, Ultramafic
SiO2: high, Fe/Mg Content: low, Color: light-colored
SiO2: intermediate, Fe/Mg Content: intermediate, Color: mediu…
SiO2: low, Fe/Mg Content: high, Color: dark grey to black
Four Main Groups of Igneous Rocks base…
Felsic, Intermediate, Mafic, Ultramafic
Felsic Rocks (igneous)
SiO2: high, Fe/Mg Content: low, Color: light-colored
73 terms
ESC1000 Final
The study of nature and the search for…
The constant interplay between experim…
Yes, they must be able to make predict…
Never, it is an ongoing process.
What is Science?
What is the Scientific Method?
Do all scientific theories have to be testable?
When is science finished?
The study of nature and the search for…
What is Science?
The constant interplay between experim…
What is the Scientific Method?
111 terms
ESC 1000 Test 1
Meteorologist
What what type of electromagnetic is u…
_______ is an example of a renewable r…
What did the ancient Greek philosopher…
Scientists that would most likely be involved in the study if…
Radio Waves
Solar Energy
That it was the center of the universe
Meteorologist
Scientists that would most likely be involved in the study if…
What what type of electromagnetic is u…
Radio Waves
73 terms
ESC1000 Exam 2
What is the difference between mechani…
What roles do heat and pressure play i…
What is frost wedging and how does it…
In what way does crystal growth promot…
mechanical weathering - disintegrates a rock by breaking it i…
heat - as rock cools it contracts and regularly spaced joints…
occurs when water seeps into cracks, freezes, and expands to…
when water that is lodged in cracks in rocks evaporates, the…
What is the difference between mechani…
mechanical weathering - disintegrates a rock by breaking it i…
What roles do heat and pressure play i…
heat - as rock cools it contracts and regularly spaced joints…
36 terms
Chapter 2 ESC1000
What is a mineral?
What is a mineraloid?
What are the basic building blocks of…
What is the name of the smallest parti…
A natural and inorganic solid that posses an orderly internal…
Lacks an orderly internal structure
Elements
Atoms
What is a mineral?
A natural and inorganic solid that posses an orderly internal…
What is a mineraloid?
Lacks an orderly internal structure
231 terms
ESC 1000 TEST 4
Who is Joe kittinger?
What was Joe kittinger known for?
What was Joe kittinger protected by?
Our atmosphere =?
He jumped off a Ballon capsule
Highest sky dive in history
Pressurized suit and an oxygen supply
The air
Who is Joe kittinger?
He jumped off a Ballon capsule
What was Joe kittinger known for?
Highest sky dive in history
23 terms
ESC1000 CH 11
how are earth's layers examined
density affects ______ of seismic waves
higher density >> _____ seismic waves
________ transmit waves faster than __…
by studying earthquakes, magnetism, gravity, heat flow, and a…
speed
faster
solids, liquids/gases
how are earth's layers examined
by studying earthquakes, magnetism, gravity, heat flow, and a…
density affects ______ of seismic waves
speed
36 terms
ESC1000 CH 17
coastlines
ocean waves are
waves caused by
frequency
- dynamic systems that change due to climate and tectonics... -…
surface waves... - disturb upper 100m of ocean... - wave E dissipat…
wind blowing over surface
# of wave crests passing each sec
coastlines
- dynamic systems that change due to climate and tectonics... -…
ocean waves are
surface waves... - disturb upper 100m of ocean... - wave E dissipat…
43 terms
ESC1000 CH 13
streams
hydrologic cycle
channels
Types of streamflow
flow of running water on the surface within channels
- motion of water in atmosphere and surface... - main processes:…
narrow depressions that concentrate surface water runoff
1. laminar flow... 2. turbulent flow
streams
flow of running water on the surface within channels
hydrologic cycle
- motion of water in atmosphere and surface... - main processes:…
91 terms
ESC1000 Test #1
Cosmology
BCE
Geocentric Model
Heliocentric Model
The study of the structure and evaluation of the universe
"Before the Common Era" aka BC time period
The Earth is the center of the Universe, theory proposed by P…
The Sun is the center of the Universe, theory proposed by Cop…
Cosmology
The study of the structure and evaluation of the universe
BCE
"Before the Common Era" aka BC time period
55 terms
ESC1000 Test 1
Science
Scientific Method
Yes, they must be able to make predict…
Never, it is an ongoing process.
The study of nature and the search for natures secrets.
The constant interplay between experiment and theory is the e…
Do all scientific theories have to be testable?
When is science finished?
Science
The study of nature and the search for natures secrets.
Scientific Method
The constant interplay between experiment and theory is the e…
72 terms
ESC1000 test 2
rock
cement
crystalline rock
bedrock
coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting of minerals
natural mineral material that precipitates to fill the space…
rocks where crystals interlock with each other
underlying the surface and still attached to the crust
rock
coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting of minerals
cement
natural mineral material that precipitates to fill the space…
49 terms
ESC1000 Quiz 1
What are the defining characteristics…
What is a rock?
What are the particles that make up an…
Protons
Inorganic... Naturally Occurring... Solid ... Definite Chemical Compos…
It is a naturally occurring solid aggregate mass of mineral,…
Protons ... Neutrons... Electrons
Found in the nucleus... Have a positive charge
What are the defining characteristics…
Inorganic... Naturally Occurring... Solid ... Definite Chemical Compos…
What is a rock?
It is a naturally occurring solid aggregate mass of mineral,…
24 terms
ESC1000 CH 14
groundwater makes up
water table
porosity
permeability
22% of earth's freshwater
upper surface of zone of saturation
amount of open space bw sediment grains
amount of interconnectedness bw sediment pores
groundwater makes up
22% of earth's freshwater
water table
upper surface of zone of saturation
26 terms
ESC1000 Quiz 4
4 layers of the atmosphere?
6 miles thick... has waves... unstable and p…
has the very thickest atmosphere... 50 mi…
in the thermosphere _____ and _______…
1.troposphere... 2.stratosphere... 3.Mesosphere... 4.thermosphere
troposphere
thermosphere
nitrogen/oxygen/sun/aurora
4 layers of the atmosphere?
1.troposphere... 2.stratosphere... 3.Mesosphere... 4.thermosphere
6 miles thick... has waves... unstable and p…
troposphere
21 terms
ESC 1000: Quiz review
What are the types of volcanoes?
What are the types of caldera?
What is a caldera?
Where will you find most volcanoes?
• Composite... • Shield ... • Cinder ... • Cones
• Crater Lake... • Hawaiian... • Yellowstone
A summit depression greater than 1 km diameter
The Ring of Fire is a ring of volcanoes around the Pacific Oc…
What are the types of volcanoes?
• Composite... • Shield ... • Cinder ... • Cones
What are the types of caldera?
• Crater Lake... • Hawaiian... • Yellowstone
31 terms
ESC1000 CH 15
glaciers form on _________ and glacier…
firn
how do you form glacial ice?
glaciers grow when
land, gravity
granular ice formed when snow crystals are compacted
compression of firns
accumulation > ablation
glaciers form on _________ and glacier…
land, gravity
firn
granular ice formed when snow crystals are compacted
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