How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "esc1000 plate tectonics"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "esc1000 plate tectonics"

16 terms
ESC 1000 - Plate Tectonics
Continental Drift Hypothesis
Wegener published a book called
One large supercontinent he called
Continental Drift Evidence #1
Alfred Wegener
The Origin of Continents and Oceans
Pangaea
- identical fossils of plants and animals found on continents…
Continental Drift Hypothesis
Alfred Wegener
Wegener published a book called
The Origin of Continents and Oceans
16 terms
ESC 1000 - Plate Tectonics
Continental Drift Hypothesis
Wegener published a book called
One large supercontinent he called
Continental Drift Evidence #1
Alfred Wegener
The Origin of Continents and Oceans
Pangaea
- identical fossils of plants and animals found on continents…
Continental Drift Hypothesis
Alfred Wegener
Wegener published a book called
The Origin of Continents and Oceans
26 terms
ESC1000 CH 2 Plate Tectonics
earth's rigid outer layer is made up of
plate movement is driven by
plate movement causes
Wegener
tectonic plates (lithosphere)
heat flow from earth's interior
continental drift, earthquakes, formation of mt ranges, most…
- continental drift... - pangea (300 million yrs ago)
earth's rigid outer layer is made up of
tectonic plates (lithosphere)
plate movement is driven by
heat flow from earth's interior
26 terms
ESC1000 CH 2 Plate Tectonics
earth's rigid outer layer is made up of
plate movement is driven by
plate movement causes
Wegener
tectonic plates (lithosphere)
heat flow from earth's interior
continental drift, earthquakes, formation of mt ranges, most…
- continental drift... - pangea (300 million yrs ago)
earth's rigid outer layer is made up of
tectonic plates (lithosphere)
plate movement is driven by
heat flow from earth's interior
43 terms
ESC Plate tectonics
Hugo Benioff
Benioff Zones where first discovered i…
Benioff Zone
magnetic anomalies
American seismologist, best remembered for his work in charti…
Japan
Site where earthquakes occur much deeper than normal due to s…
The difference between the expected strength of the Earth's m…
Hugo Benioff
American seismologist, best remembered for his work in charti…
Benioff Zones where first discovered i…
Japan
51 terms
ESC - Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics
What is the Earth Made of?
The Earth's composition
Earth is similar
Earth is different
~35% Iron, ~30% oxygen, ~15% silicon, ~10% Magnesium, ~10% th…
Largely reflects its position in the solar system at the time…
composition to the other terrestrial planets.
From the Gas giants that occur farther from the Sun.
What is the Earth Made of?
~35% Iron, ~30% oxygen, ~15% silicon, ~10% Magnesium, ~10% th…
The Earth's composition
Largely reflects its position in the solar system at the time…
33 terms
Plate Tectonics ESC-Exam #2
Hugo Benioff
magnetic anomalies
oceanic-continental
subduction
charted the location of deep earthquakes in the Pacific Ocean…
magnetic reversals; has positive and negative types; has been…
occurs where an oceanic plate is subducted beneath a continen…
the process by which collision of the earth's crustal plates…
Hugo Benioff
charted the location of deep earthquakes in the Pacific Ocean…
magnetic anomalies
magnetic reversals; has positive and negative types; has been…
19 terms
ESC Test 3: Plate Tectonics
describe the inner core of the earth
describe the outer core of the earth
describe the mantle
describe the crust
solid, mainly iron and nickel ... very hot, but still solid beca…
liquid, mainly iron and nickel... causes the earths magnetosphere
rock shell, mafic minerals... 1300 degrees C
mainly igneous rocks, with thin layer of sedimentary rocks ... 5…
describe the inner core of the earth
solid, mainly iron and nickel ... very hot, but still solid beca…
describe the outer core of the earth
liquid, mainly iron and nickel... causes the earths magnetosphere
33 terms
ESC exam 3: plate tectonics
Inner core
Outer core
Mantle
Crust
Solid, mainly iron and some nickel
Liquid, mainly iron and some nickel
Rock she'll composed of mafic materials
Mainly igneous rocks, thin layer of sedimentary rocks
Inner core
Solid, mainly iron and some nickel
Outer core
Liquid, mainly iron and some nickel
15 terms
ESc11 - Ch. 17 - Plate Tectonics
continental drift Pg. 444
convergent boundary Pg. 459
divergent boundary Pg. 456
isochron Pg. 452
Wegener's hypothesis that Earth's continents were joined as a…
Place where two of Earth's tectonic plates are moving toward…
lace where two of Earth's tectonic plates are moving apart; i…
Line on a map that connects points of the same age.
continental drift Pg. 444
Wegener's hypothesis that Earth's continents were joined as a…
convergent boundary Pg. 459
Place where two of Earth's tectonic plates are moving toward…
11 terms
PHSC 1000 Chapter 27: Plate Tectonics
What are the evidences for continental…
What is seafloor spreading?
What is evidence for it?
What is ridge push?
1) Fit of continents (like puzzle pieces)... 2) Fossil correlati…
Theory that the seafloor is spreading apart and pushes the co…
1) Mid-ocean ridges... 2) Sedimentation... 3) Magnetic Stripes... 4) A…
The ridge gets pushed up then gravity pulls it down on top of…
What are the evidences for continental…
1) Fit of continents (like puzzle pieces)... 2) Fossil correlati…
What is seafloor spreading?
Theory that the seafloor is spreading apart and pushes the co…
29 terms
GLY1000: Descriptive Geology - Chapter 2: Plate Tectonics: A Scientific Revolution Unfolds
Convergent plate boundary
Lithosphere
Magnetometer
Hot spot tracks
A boundary in which two plates move together, resulting in oc…
The rigid outer layer of Earth, including the crust and upper…
A sensitive instrument used to measure the intensity of Earth…
Chain of volcanic structures produced as a lithospheric plate…
Convergent plate boundary
A boundary in which two plates move together, resulting in oc…
Lithosphere
The rigid outer layer of Earth, including the crust and upper…
128 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 6 Review:
earthquake
Faults
hypocenter (focus)
epicenter
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
fractures in the Earth's crust
the location where slippage begins
the point on Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
earthquake
ground shaking caused by the sudden and rapid movement of one…
Faults
fractures in the Earth's crust
36 terms
Plate Tectonics
Plate Tectonics
Alfred Wegener
Pangea
Crust
The theory that the earth is broken into plates and are in mo…
Proposed the continental drift theory in the 1900s
term for the super continent which contained all the plates t…
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Plate Tectonics
The theory that the earth is broken into plates and are in mo…
Alfred Wegener
Proposed the continental drift theory in the 1900s
19 terms
Earth Science - Plate Tectonics
Plate Tectonics
Alfred Wegener
Pangea
Crust
The theory that the earth is broken into plates and are in mo…
Proposed the continental drift theory in the 1900s
term for the super continent which contained all the plates t…
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Plate Tectonics
The theory that the earth is broken into plates and are in mo…
Alfred Wegener
Proposed the continental drift theory in the 1900s
25 terms
Plate Tectonics
Continental drift
Pangaea-
Plate tectonics-
Plate-
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
the theory that proposes that Earth's outer shell consists of…
one of numerous rigid sections of the lithosphere that moves…
Continental drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea-
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
28 terms
DMS Unit 7 Plate Tectonics
Lithosphere
Tectonic Plates
Asthenosphere
Convection Currents
The cool, rigid, outermost layer of the earth that is divided…
Huge pieces of lithosphere that move around on top of the ast…
The solid, soft layer of the mantle, between the mesosphere a…
The circular motion of liquids or gasses caused by density di…
Lithosphere
The cool, rigid, outermost layer of the earth that is divided…
Tectonic Plates
Huge pieces of lithosphere that move around on top of the ast…
19 terms
Plate Tectonics
Plate Tectonics
Alfred Wegener
Pangea
Crust
The theory that the earth is broken into plates and are in mo…
Proposed the continental drift theory in the 1900s
term for the super continent which contained all the plates t…
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Plate Tectonics
The theory that the earth is broken into plates and are in mo…
Alfred Wegener
Proposed the continental drift theory in the 1900s
25 terms
Pearson, Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics.
seismic waves
pressure
crust
mantle
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Force per unit area.
Earth's outermost layer, solid rock that includes both dry la…
Part of the earth made up of rock that is very hot, but solid.
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
pressure
Force per unit area.
52 terms
ESC1000 Chapter 5
Most geologist rejected the idea of co…
List and explain the evidence presente…
Continental drift
Supercontinent
the evidence was collected from the continents of Africa, Sou…
1) The continental jigsaw puzzle - he reconstructed a map of…
Wegner formulated the idea in 1915 that South America and Afr…
1 continent consisting of all earth's land masses.
Most geologist rejected the idea of co…
the evidence was collected from the continents of Africa, Sou…
List and explain the evidence presente…
1) The continental jigsaw puzzle - he reconstructed a map of…
23 terms
Plate Tectonics
Alfred Wegener
Continental Fit
Japan
Subduction
He proposed continental drift.
This term describes the puzzle piece appearance of the coasts…
Country where Benioff Zones were first discovered
Movement of the denser plate beneath a less dense plate at a…
Alfred Wegener
He proposed continental drift.
Continental Fit
This term describes the puzzle piece appearance of the coasts…
13 terms
Chapter 5 - Plate Tectonics
Pangea
Cause of plate movement
Paleomagnetism
Density of continental vs oceanic crust
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
convection currents in the mantle
The study of changes in Earth's magnetic field, as shown by p…
2.7 gm/cm3 & 3.0 gm/cm3
Pangea
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
Cause of plate movement
convection currents in the mantle
59 terms
Earth Science Plate Tectonics
crust
lithosphere
mantle
outer core
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
The solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The layer of the earth between the crust and the core.
The liquid metal layer deep inside earth.
crust
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
The solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
39 terms
ESC1000 quiz 2
Who is the main guy that started plate…
What are the two tectonic plates
What tectonic plate is made of granite?
Tectonic plate that is lighter rocks,l…
Alfred Wegener
Continental crust (plate) & oceanic plate
Continental plate
Continental plates
Who is the main guy that started plate…
Alfred Wegener
What are the two tectonic plates
Continental crust (plate) & oceanic plate
42 terms
Plate Tectonics Earth Science
Layers
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere
Mesosphere
The Earth is composed of several _____________.
A layer of slowly flowing rock in the mantle.
The outermost, ridged layer of the Earth
The strong, lower part of the mantle
Layers
The Earth is composed of several _____________.
Asthenosphere
A layer of slowly flowing rock in the mantle.
13 terms
ESC1000 Quiz #2
What features are associated with kars…
Mass wasting
Water
Porosity
A type of landscape made by limestone; contains calcite. Hydr…
the downward transport of soil or rock due to the controlling…
the most important erosional agent
the total volume of ways to enter the rock or soil.
What features are associated with kars…
A type of landscape made by limestone; contains calcite. Hydr…
Mass wasting
the downward transport of soil or rock due to the controlling…
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
ESC1000-1
planets of the solar system and their…
Mercury
Venus
Earth
¬ Mercury... ¬ Venus... ¬ Earth... ¬ Mars... ¬ Jupiter... ¬ Saturn... ¬ Uranus…
has a tenuous and variable exosphere that is made up of hydro…
hottest planet in our Solar System. This is due to the CO²-ri…
composed of nitrogen (main gas 78%), oxygen (20%), water vapo…
planets of the solar system and their…
¬ Mercury... ¬ Venus... ¬ Earth... ¬ Mars... ¬ Jupiter... ¬ Saturn... ¬ Uranus…
Mercury
has a tenuous and variable exosphere that is made up of hydro…
17 terms
Plate Tectonics
Convergent Plates
Divergent Plates
Transfer Plates
Continental Drift theorist and year
subduction, deep earthquakes, trench formation, mountain form…
Plates move away from each other, shallow earthquakes, creati…
plates slide past each other... shallow, strong EQs... many through…
Alfred Wegener, 1910
Convergent Plates
subduction, deep earthquakes, trench formation, mountain form…
Divergent Plates
Plates move away from each other, shallow earthquakes, creati…
72 terms
ESC1000 test 2
rock
cement
crystalline rock
bedrock
coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting of minerals
natural mineral material that precipitates to fill the space…
rocks where crystals interlock with each other
underlying the surface and still attached to the crust
rock
coherent and naturally occurring solid, consisting of minerals
cement
natural mineral material that precipitates to fill the space…
30 terms
Plate Tectonics
Tectonic Plates
Continental Drift
Sea-Floor Spreading
Pangaea
large chunks of lithosphere and crust that slide atop the ast…
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across the Ear…
Process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to th…
the single landmass that broke apart into the continents we h…
Tectonic Plates
large chunks of lithosphere and crust that slide atop the ast…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across the Ear…
61 terms
Earth Science: Erosion and Plate Tectonics
erosion
deposition
mass movement
slump
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Any type of erosion that happens as gravity moves materials d…
A type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
40 terms
Plate tectonics and Weather
weathering
mechanical weathering
Chemical weathering
Erosion
breakdown of rock on the Earth's surface.
Rock is broken down physically
Rock is broken down chemically.
The movement of weathered material from one place to another.
weathering
breakdown of rock on the Earth's surface.
mechanical weathering
Rock is broken down physically
10 terms
Chapter 5 Quiz - Plate Tectonics
a. tectonics
e. Pangaea
b. paleomagnetism
c. plates
1. Which of the following refers to the deformation of... Earth'…
2. One of the major tenets of the continental drift... hypothesi…
3. Which one of the following was NOT used to support the... con…
4. Today we know that Earth's rigid outer shell consists... of a…
a. tectonics
1. Which of the following refers to the deformation of... Earth'…
e. Pangaea
2. One of the major tenets of the continental drift... hypothesi…
101 terms
ESC 1000 Final Exam Part 3
What are hazards
what is an active hazard
what is mass wasting
what factors influence slope stability
a situation that poses a threat to life, health, property, or…
one that can create an emergency
downward movement of geological materials
angle, materials, fluid effects, vegetation, earthquakes, qui…
What are hazards
a situation that poses a threat to life, health, property, or…
what is an active hazard
one that can create an emergency
180 terms
ESC1000 exam 2
Classify Igneous rocks based on...
Composition- igneous
Felsic- igneous
Intermediate- igneous
1. Composition... 2. Texture... 3. Field relationships
relative abundance of SiO2 and various minerals, and relative…
High SiO2 content, low Fe and Mg, light colored
intermediate SiO2 content, intermediate Fe and Mg content, me…
Classify Igneous rocks based on...
1. Composition... 2. Texture... 3. Field relationships
Composition- igneous
relative abundance of SiO2 and various minerals, and relative…
100 terms
Wordlist Rocks - ESC1000
hydrothermal
foliated
non-foliated
sedimentary
of, relating to, or denoting the action of heated water in th…
a texture of metamorphic rocks that gives the rock a layered…
a texture of metamorphic rocks .No platy mineral, granular te…
*rocks formed from chemically formed or detrital particles. r…
hydrothermal
of, relating to, or denoting the action of heated water in th…
foliated
a texture of metamorphic rocks that gives the rock a layered…
39 terms
Earth's layers and plate tectonics
continental plates
oceanic plates
plate movement
asthenosphere
thicker but less dense than oceanic crust
Thin plates that form the ocean floor; more dense than contin…
Movement caused by convection in the asthenosphere
A plastic, or flowing, layer within Earth's mantle
continental plates
thicker but less dense than oceanic crust
oceanic plates
Thin plates that form the ocean floor; more dense than contin…
131 terms
ESC1000 Exam 2
Four Main Groups of Igneous Rocks base…
Felsic Rocks (igneous)
Intermediate Rocs (igneous)
Mafic
Felsic, Intermediate, Mafic, Ultramafic
SiO2: high, Fe/Mg Content: low, Color: light-colored
SiO2: intermediate, Fe/Mg Content: intermediate, Color: mediu…
SiO2: low, Fe/Mg Content: high, Color: dark grey to black
Four Main Groups of Igneous Rocks base…
Felsic, Intermediate, Mafic, Ultramafic
Felsic Rocks (igneous)
SiO2: high, Fe/Mg Content: low, Color: light-colored
plate tectonics guide
theory of continental drift
evidence of continental drift
stress
compressive stress
continents were once all together in a landmass called pangea
1. africa and south america fit together... 2. glacial striation…
force exerted over an area
squeeze
theory of continental drift
continents were once all together in a landmass called pangea
evidence of continental drift
1. africa and south america fit together... 2. glacial striation…
30 terms
Plate Tectonics
Tectonic Plates
Continental Drift
Sea-Floor Spreading
Pangaea
large chunks of lithosphere and crust that slide atop the ast…
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across the Ear…
Process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to th…
the single landmass that broke apart into the continents we h…
Tectonic Plates
large chunks of lithosphere and crust that slide atop the ast…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across the Ear…
30 terms
Plate Tectonics
Tectonic Plates
Continental Drift
Sea-Floor Spreading
Pangaea
large chunks of lithosphere and crust that slide atop the ast…
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across the Ear…
Process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to th…
the single landmass that broke apart into the continents we h…
Tectonic Plates
large chunks of lithosphere and crust that slide atop the ast…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across the Ear…
30 terms
Plate Tectonics
Tectonic Plates
Continental Drift
Sea-Floor Spreading
Pangaea
large chunks of lithosphere and crust that slide atop the ast…
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across the Ear…
Process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to th…
the single landmass that broke apart into the continents we h…
Tectonic Plates
large chunks of lithosphere and crust that slide atop the ast…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across the Ear…
91 terms
ESC 1000 Exam 1 Study Guide
Solar System
Outer arm
Hydrogen
Nebula
In the geocentric model of the Solar System, ________ is the…
Our Solar System is located ________ in the Milky Way.
The first element formed after the big bang
Our solar System began as a
Solar System
In the geocentric model of the Solar System, ________ is the…
Outer arm
Our Solar System is located ________ in the Milky Way.
20 terms
Plate Tectonics
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sonar
Trench
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
an electronic depth-sounding mechanism.
a surface feature in the seafloor produced by the plate durin…
Continental Drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
21 terms
ESC 1000: Quiz review
What are the types of volcanoes?
What are the types of caldera?
What is a caldera?
Where will you find most volcanoes?
• Composite... • Shield ... • Cinder ... • Cones
• Crater Lake... • Hawaiian... • Yellowstone
A summit depression greater than 1 km diameter
The Ring of Fire is a ring of volcanoes around the Pacific Oc…
What are the types of volcanoes?
• Composite... • Shield ... • Cinder ... • Cones
What are the types of caldera?
• Crater Lake... • Hawaiian... • Yellowstone
60 terms
ESC1000 Test 2 Review
Ptolemaic Theories: Geocentric, Planet…
Geocentric Theory
Heliocentric Theory
1. Copernicus... 2. Brahe... 3. Kepler... 4. Ga…
What are similarities and differences in the Ptolemaic and Co…
Earth center of the solar system.
Sun center of the solar system.
Who are the 5 Renaissance astronomers?
Ptolemaic Theories: Geocentric, Planet…
What are similarities and differences in the Ptolemaic and Co…
Geocentric Theory
Earth center of the solar system.
41 terms
ESC1000
Pull-apart, rift zones are generally a…
A typical rate of seafloor spreading i…
The continental drift hypothesis was r…
New oceanic crust and lithosphere are…
divergent
2 centimeters per year
identify a mechanism capable of moving continents
divergent boundaries by submarine eruptions and intrusions of…
Pull-apart, rift zones are generally a…
divergent
A typical rate of seafloor spreading i…
2 centimeters per year
73 terms
ESC1000 Exam 2
What is the difference between mechani…
What roles do heat and pressure play i…
What is frost wedging and how does it…
In what way does crystal growth promot…
mechanical weathering - disintegrates a rock by breaking it i…
heat - as rock cools it contracts and regularly spaced joints…
occurs when water seeps into cracks, freezes, and expands to…
when water that is lodged in cracks in rocks evaporates, the…
What is the difference between mechani…
mechanical weathering - disintegrates a rock by breaking it i…
What roles do heat and pressure play i…
heat - as rock cools it contracts and regularly spaced joints…
287 terms
ESC 1000 Final Exam
If a scientific method is followed, a…
Plate tectonics, biological evolution…
Which of the following is NOT an area…
Which type of scientists is most likel…
Theory..... hypotheses
Scientific Theories
Astrology
Meteorologist
If a scientific method is followed, a…
Theory..... hypotheses
Plate tectonics, biological evolution…
Scientific Theories
1 of 10