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Study sets matching "europe enlightenment european history early"

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Study sets matching "europe enlightenment european history early"

12 terms
History and Human Rights: The Enlightenment In Early Modern Europe
What is a primary form of government i…
What was Monarchy based off of?
What does a Monarchy consist of?
What do Kings/Queens Derived their aut…
A.Monarchy
A.Medieval... B.The Divine Rights of Kings
A.Kings and Queens
A.Rule from God... B.NOT from people
What is a primary form of government i…
A.Monarchy
What was Monarchy based off of?
A.Medieval... B.The Divine Rights of Kings
42 terms
AP European History - Early Modern Europe
2 waves of E. colonization
Significance of colonization
Impact of the Rise of the Nation-State
Significance of New Monarchs
1) North and South America: 150-200 years... 2) Africa and Asia:…
- spread European culture and civilization... *most countries ar…
- most modern countries are/claim to be nation-states... - most…
- enable better governance
2 waves of E. colonization
1) North and South America: 150-200 years... 2) Africa and Asia:…
Significance of colonization
- spread European culture and civilization... *most countries ar…
25 terms
European History: Europe in the Early Middle Ages
Franco-papal Alliance
Pepin
Charlemagne
Einhard
Popes needed protection from Lombards who ruled Italy. Pepin…
Son of Charles Martel, was crowned by Pope Sylvester as the F…
Charles the Great, King of the Franks, the Lombards, and Impe…
Frankish scholar and courtier. Dedicated servant of Charlemag…
Franco-papal Alliance
Popes needed protection from Lombards who ruled Italy. Pepin…
Pepin
Son of Charles Martel, was crowned by Pope Sylvester as the F…
16 terms
AP European History - Enlightenment
Mary Wollstonecraft
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary Wollstonecraft
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
45 terms
AP European History: The Enlightenment
Enlightenment
Skepticism
Travel Literature
Cultural Relativism
An eighteenth-century intellectual movement, led by the philo…
A doubtful or questioning attitude, especially about religion.
Books that gave accounts of many different cultures; aroused…
The belief that no culture is superior to another because cul…
Enlightenment
An eighteenth-century intellectual movement, led by the philo…
Skepticism
A doubtful or questioning attitude, especially about religion.
50 terms
AP European History- Enlightenment
Mary
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
94 terms
AP European History-- Unit 3: Changes in Early Modern Europe
Foundations of Prosperity in Netherlands
Eventual Decline of Netherlands
Absolute Monarchy-France
Divine Right of Kings
As of the late 17th Century, things in the Netherlands are go…
Upon the death of William III, there was no replacement chose…
strong centralized continental monarchies that attempted to m…
The theory that monarchs are appointed by and answerable only…
Foundations of Prosperity in Netherlands
As of the late 17th Century, things in the Netherlands are go…
Eventual Decline of Netherlands
Upon the death of William III, there was no replacement chose…
50 terms
AP European History- Enlightenment
Mary
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
10 terms
AP European History: Enlightenment
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Hume
Adam Smith
government: checks and balances; Spirit of the Laws
religion: religion crushes the human spirit; religious tolera…
religion: lack of empirical evidence casts doubt on religion
economics: invisible hand; laissez-faire; Wealth of Nations
Montesquieu
government: checks and balances; Spirit of the Laws
Voltaire
religion: religion crushes the human spirit; religious tolera…
19 terms
European History - Enlightenment
Mary I
Elizabeth I
Divine Right of Kings
Absolute Monarchy
Tudor-English Queen,, This was the queen who reverted back to…
Queen of England-followed Mary I--also known as "The Virgin Q…
The idea that rulers recieve their authority from God and are…
A system of government in which the ruling monarch has unlimi…
Mary I
Tudor-English Queen,, This was the queen who reverted back to…
Elizabeth I
Queen of England-followed Mary I--also known as "The Virgin Q…
20 terms
European History: The Enlightenment
Baruch Spinoza
Richard Simon
John Locke
Pierre Bayle
Sephardic Jew... Attacked traditional beliefs in the name of rea…
Biblical exegist... English clergyman... Scientific explanation of…
Philosopher and psychologist... Says everyone is born with a "ta…
Sarcasm, satire, funny... Denies the religious significance in H…
Baruch Spinoza
Sephardic Jew... Attacked traditional beliefs in the name of rea…
Richard Simon
Biblical exegist... English clergyman... Scientific explanation of…
50 terms
AP European History- Enlightenment
Mary
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
AP European History - Enlightenment
Mary Wollstonecraft
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary Wollstonecraft
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
16 terms
AP European History - Enlightenment
Mary Wollstonecraft
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary Wollstonecraft
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
40 terms
Enlightenment AP European History
Enlightenment
Skepticism
Philosophe
Montesquieu
18th century, led by philsophes, application of reason and sc…
Doubtful/questioning attitude (religion)
Intellectuals of enlightenment, rational criticism, improve a…
Wrote Spirit of the Laws, separation of political powers, che…
Enlightenment
18th century, led by philsophes, application of reason and sc…
Skepticism
Doubtful/questioning attitude (religion)
30 terms
Early European History Review
Renaissance
Humanism
Johann Gutenburg
Leonardo da Vinci
Rebirth of learning and the arts
The study of classical texts that caused people to focus on h…
Invented the printing press with movable type. The first book…
A true "renaissance man" who was very good at a lot of things…
Renaissance
Rebirth of learning and the arts
Humanism
The study of classical texts that caused people to focus on h…
European History: The Enlightenment
Scientific Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus
Johannesburg Kepler
Galileo Galilei
- Based upon careful observation & willingness to question ac…
Developed the Heliocentric Theory, or sun-centered theory
-Proved Copernicus' work... -Proved that the planets move in an…
- The law of the pendulum ... - Falling objects accelerates at a…
Scientific Revolution
- Based upon careful observation & willingness to question ac…
Nicolaus Copernicus
Developed the Heliocentric Theory, or sun-centered theory
50 terms
AP European History- Enlightenment
Mary
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
16 terms
AP European History - Enlightenment
Mary Wollstonecraft
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary Wollstonecraft
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
50 terms
AP European History- Enlightenment
Mary
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
50 terms
AP European History- Enlightenment
Mary
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
16 terms
AP European History - Enlightenment
Mary Wollstonecraft
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary Wollstonecraft
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
50 terms
AP European History- Enlightenment
Mary
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
35 terms
European History- The Enlightenment
Geocentric Theory
Scientific Revolution
Copernicus
Kepler
Earth was at center
Common sense and reasoning developed
Developed heliocentric theory
Proved Copernicus' theory; planets move in an elliptical orbit
Geocentric Theory
Earth was at center
Scientific Revolution
Common sense and reasoning developed
20 terms
Enlightenment people: European history
John Locke
Sir Francis Bacon
Michel de Montagne
Beccaria
Natural rights... "An essay concerning human understanding"... Blan…
Father of scientific method... Father of empiricism ... English sci…
Essays... (French)
Death penalty & criminal justice... (Italian)
John Locke
Natural rights... "An essay concerning human understanding"... Blan…
Sir Francis Bacon
Father of scientific method... Father of empiricism ... English sci…
33 terms
AP European History The Enlightenment
Aristotle
Metaphysics
Epistemology
Axiology
He had an old world view. His ideas were seen as common sense…
A personal world view. What is perceived to be correct and tr…
Justify true New World authority.
The study of value.
Aristotle
He had an old world view. His ideas were seen as common sense…
Metaphysics
A personal world view. What is perceived to be correct and tr…
16 terms
AP European History - Enlightenment
Mary Wollstonecraft
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary Wollstonecraft
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
17 terms
AP EUROPEAN HISTORY (ENLIGHTENMENT)
Natural Philosophy
Copernican Hypothesis
Experimental Method
Law of Inertia
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
The idea that the sun, not the earth,was the center of the un…
The approach, pioneered by Galileo , that the proper way to e…
A law formulated by Galileo that states the motion, not rest,…
Natural Philosophy
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
Copernican Hypothesis
The idea that the sun, not the earth,was the center of the un…
16 terms
AP European History - Enlightenment
Mary Wollstonecraft
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary Wollstonecraft
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for wom…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
31 terms
European history enlightenment
Nicolaus Copernicus
Tycho Brahe
Johannes Kepler
Galileo Galilei
Polish astronomer who helped develop the heliocentric theory…
Danish astronomer who carefully recorded the movements of the…
Proved that the planets move in an elliptical orbit
Created the telescope and helped reinforce Copernicus helioce…
Nicolaus Copernicus
Polish astronomer who helped develop the heliocentric theory…
Tycho Brahe
Danish astronomer who carefully recorded the movements of the…
32 terms
European History: Enlightenment: People
John Locke
John Locke
John Locke
John Locke
"We learn through the senses"... empiricism
God-given rights ... "life, liberty, property"... US gov. based off…
English Philosopher (not philosophe)... also psychologist / poli…
"Essay concerning Human Understanding"... "Tabula-rasa"
John Locke
"We learn through the senses"... empiricism
John Locke
God-given rights ... "life, liberty, property"... US gov. based off…
45 terms
European History- Enlightenment
Modern Science
Thomas Aquinas
Ptolemy
Aristotle
the result of the "Scientific Revolution"
brought Aristotelian philosophy into harmony with Christian d…
Hellenized Egyptian; believed planets moved in epicycles (sma…
found differences of physics and motion on earth; distinguish…
Modern Science
the result of the "Scientific Revolution"
Thomas Aquinas
brought Aristotelian philosophy into harmony with Christian d…
50 terms
AP European History- Enlightenment
Mary
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Philosophes
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Body of Enlightenment thinkers. Most famous for writing "Ency…
Mary
Wollstonecraft British feminist of the eighteenth century who…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
43 terms
Moder European History: Enlightenment
Cabinet System
Cartesian
Cogito, Ergo Sum
Contract Theory
people who carry out laws and are responsible to majority of…
followers of Descartes
I think, therefore I am
contract with government where people put someone in charge
Cabinet System
people who carry out laws and are responsible to majority of…
Cartesian
followers of Descartes
23 terms
AP European History- Enlightenment
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Age of Enlightenment
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
Eighteenth-century period of scientific and philosophical inn…
Philosphe who published the "Social Contract." he posited tha…
Montesquieu
Philosophe who wrote "Spirit of Laws" in 1748. He described t…
Voltaire
Philosophe who wrote the "Candide", satirizing prejudice, opp…
25 terms
European History: Enlightenment
Copernicus
When Copernican hypothesis proved false?
Tycho Brahe
Brahe's 3 famous laws of planetary mot…
rejected Ptolemy's rules, preferred Old Greek idea, believed…
1616
built most sophisticated observatory, believed all planets re…
demonstrated planets orbits are elliptical, planets do not mo…
Copernicus
rejected Ptolemy's rules, preferred Old Greek idea, believed…
When Copernican hypothesis proved false?
1616
10 terms
Early European History Vocabulary
democracy
city-state
aristocrat
philosopher
A form of government in which people have power and a voice i…
An independent community that includes a city and its surroun…
A member of the upper class
A person who examines questions about the universe.
democracy
A form of government in which people have power and a voice i…
city-state
An independent community that includes a city and its surroun…
64 terms
AP European History - Enlightenment
With which Enlightenment philosophe di…
Identify the ideals of the Enlightenme…
Define philosophe.
What was the Encyclopedia, and who was…
Voltaire
Progress for humanity could only be achieved by rooting out t…
French word for philosopher; a public intellectual of the Enl…
A collection of knowledge in a variety of fields; Denis Diderot
With which Enlightenment philosophe di…
Voltaire
Identify the ideals of the Enlightenme…
Progress for humanity could only be achieved by rooting out t…
20 terms
AP European History The Enlightenment
The Philosophes
Voltaire
"Crush the infamous thing"
Immanuel Kant
writers and critics who flourished in the expanding print cul…
(1694 - 1778) [Lectures on the English; Elements of the philo…
(Religion). Voltaire. Sums up the attitude of a number of phi…
"What is the Enlightenment?"-- published 1784, defined: "man'…
The Philosophes
writers and critics who flourished in the expanding print cul…
Voltaire
(1694 - 1778) [Lectures on the English; Elements of the philo…
25 terms
Europe: Early History
Democracy
city state
golden age
philosopher
n., a form of government by the people, in which citizens oft…
n., an independent state made out of a city and the territori…
n. a period of great wealth, culture, and democracy in Greece
n., a person who examines questions about the universe and se…
Democracy
n., a form of government by the people, in which citizens oft…
city state
n., an independent state made out of a city and the territori…
Early European History
Marathon
Chivalry
Crusades
Feudalism
Site of the famous battle fought between the armies of Persia…
Code of honor and ethics taken by knights.
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by Europea…
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lan…
Marathon
Site of the famous battle fought between the armies of Persia…
Chivalry
Code of honor and ethics taken by knights.
24 terms
European history enlightenment
The old belief was that blank was the…
Who was the first person to question t…
Who used Math to prove that the earth…
Who invented the telescope
Earth
Nicholas Copernicus
Johannes Kepler
Galileo Galileo
The old belief was that blank was the…
Earth
Who was the first person to question t…
Nicholas Copernicus
22 terms
Art History Early European
Catacomb of Priscilla. ... Rome, Italy.…
Santa Sabina. ... Rome, Italy. ... Late Anti…
Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well and Ja…
San Vitale. ... Ravenna, Italy. ... Early By…
Catacomb of Priscilla. ... Rome, Italy.…
Santa Sabina. ... Rome, Italy. ... Late Anti…
10 terms
Early Eastern European history
Mieszko I of Poland
Samo's Empire
Paganism
Moravia
-De facto creater of the Polish state. ... -First Christian rule…
-Major Slavic empire, ruled by Samo. Included Slovakia, Czech…
-Religious belief that is not one of the major world religion…
-Consisted of present day Slovakia, Czech Republic, and Hunga…
Mieszko I of Poland
-De facto creater of the Polish state. ... -First Christian rule…
Samo's Empire
-Major Slavic empire, ruled by Samo. Included Slovakia, Czech…
53 terms
Early European History
What type of government did the Greeks…
What type of government did the Romans…
According to the Greeks what were all…
How did the Roman attitude toward Chri…
Democracy
Democratic Republic
participate in government
Romans persecuted Christians at first, but later embraced and…
What type of government did the Greeks…
Democracy
What type of government did the Romans…
Democratic Republic
32 terms
Early European History
classical
crusade
parliament
guild
time of ancient Greece and Rome
Christian holy war
representative body that took power in England in the name of…
workers' organization
classical
time of ancient Greece and Rome
crusade
Christian holy war
25 terms
Early Modern Europe: Absolutism, Enlightenment & Revolution
Who has been rightly called the father…
Scientific Revolution prompted the cha…
Between 1500-1700, countries such as F…
Many of the ideas of the Enlightenment…
Rene Descartes
secular world-view
absolute monarchy
British North America & Latin America
Who has been rightly called the father…
Rene Descartes
Scientific Revolution prompted the cha…
secular world-view
25 terms
Early European History
Marathon
Chivalry
Crusades
Feudalism
long distance footrace of 26 miles
Code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages
Armed pilgrimages to the Holy Land by Christians determined t…
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lan…
Marathon
long distance footrace of 26 miles
Chivalry
Code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages
World History Europe during the Enlightenment
Copernicus
Galileo
Kepler
Newton
Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a mod…
Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mat…
German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figur…
English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognized…
Copernicus
Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a mod…
Galileo
Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mat…
42 terms
Early European History
What type of government did the Greeks…
What type of government did the Romans…
According to the Greeks what were all…
How did the Roman attitude toward Chri…
Democracy
Democratic Republic
participate in government
Romans persecuted Christians at first, but later embraced and…
What type of government did the Greeks…
Democracy
What type of government did the Romans…
Democratic Republic
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