Study sets matching "european chapter 14 world history"

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Study sets matching "european chapter 14 world history"

8 terms
AP World History Chapter 14: European Exploration
Reasons why Europe was explored
Geographical Knowledge (Don't know)
Geographical Knowledge (Do know)
Reasons why Portugal went first to exp…
1. To go to Asia by boat for the products = silk, spice... 2. To…
*Had maps but were limited and inaccurate... *Not sure how big t…
*Atlantic Wind System... *Compass = direction... *Astrolabe = latit…
*politically: no internal turmoil... *unified monarchy... *social s…
Reasons why Europe was explored
1. To go to Asia by boat for the products = silk, spice... 2. To…
Geographical Knowledge (Don't know)
*Had maps but were limited and inaccurate... *Not sure how big t…
AP European History Chapter 14 - Europe and the World : New Encounters
Portolani
Conquistadors
Encomienda
Viceroy
Charts of landmasses and coastlines made by navigators and ma…
"conquerors." Leaders in the Spanish conquests in the America…
In Spanish America, a form of economic and social organizatio…
The administrative head of the provinces of New Spain and Per…
Portolani
Charts of landmasses and coastlines made by navigators and ma…
Conquistadors
"conquerors." Leaders in the Spanish conquests in the America…
38 terms
World History Chapter 14 European Middle Ages
1200
1000-1445
1250
1346
Most Europeans were peasants
Europeans population more than doubles
Average crop yields in Europe decreased due to poor soil
Black death is brought from Kaffa to Italy and France
1200
Most Europeans were peasants
1000-1445
Europeans population more than doubles
51 terms
Chapter 14 European History
Prester John
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
From Venice and traveled with Niccolo and Maffeo who were mer…
The motives of Europeans traveling out into undiscovered area…
Prester John
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
50 terms
Chapter 14 European History
Prester John
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
From Venice and traveled with Niccolo and Maffeo who were mer…
The motives of Europeans traveling out into undiscovered area…
Prester John
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
European History Chapter 14
Geocentric theory
Scientific Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus
Johannes Kepler
Name of what most scholars believed which stated the earth wa…
Based upon careful observation and willingness to question ac…
Polish astronomer who helped develop the heliocentric theory…
Proved that planets move in an elliptical orbit
Geocentric theory
Name of what most scholars believed which stated the earth wa…
Scientific Revolution
Based upon careful observation and willingness to question ac…
77 terms
AP European History, Chapter 14: Europe and the World: New Encounters
Atlantic Seaboard in the 16th Century
Motives
Fantastic Lands
Economic Motives
Center of commercial activity, raised Portugal, Spain Dutch R…
Catholic Europe was confined to one geographical area, it's o…
Many stories spoke of distant lands filled with precious ston…
Merchants, adventurers, and government officials hoped to fin…
Atlantic Seaboard in the 16th Century
Center of commercial activity, raised Portugal, Spain Dutch R…
Motives
Catholic Europe was confined to one geographical area, it's o…
39 terms
Chapter 14 European History
What motivated Europeans to explore?
What made exploration possible?
Astrolabe
Hernan Cortes
economic reasons, political reasons, curiosity
leadership of monarchs, wealth, technology
an instrument used by sailors to determine their location by…
conqueror of Mexico under Spain
What motivated Europeans to explore?
economic reasons, political reasons, curiosity
What made exploration possible?
leadership of monarchs, wealth, technology
30 terms
World History: Chapter 14
Simony
Gothic Style
Urban II
Crusade
The selling of official positions in the medieval Roman Catho…
A type of European architecture that developed in the Middle…
He was the Pope who called for the first Crusade in 1095. He…
A holy war. Specifically a number of wars in which medieval C…
Simony
The selling of official positions in the medieval Roman Catho…
Gothic Style
A type of European architecture that developed in the Middle…
35 terms
European History Chapter 14
The Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis ended t…
In the early sixteenth century, anticl…
Which of the following best describes…
What aided Martin Luther as his call f…
C
D
D
B
The Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis ended t…
C
In the early sixteenth century, anticl…
D
European history chapter 14
patron
humanism
humanities
perspective
person who provides financial support for the arts
intellectual movement at the heart of the italian renaissance…
study of subjects taught in ancient Greece and Roman schools
artistic technique used to give drawings and paintings a thre…
patron
person who provides financial support for the arts
humanism
intellectual movement at the heart of the italian renaissance…
AP European History Chapter 14
Disorders of the early-16th century ch…
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Benefices
Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical plurali…
Many clerics holding more than one office/church benefice at…
Official not participating in benefices
Offices of clergymen; churchmen often help multiple benefices…
Disorders of the early-16th century ch…
Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical plurali…
Pluralism
Many clerics holding more than one office/church benefice at…
10. World History Chapter 14 European Church Reform
Church reform
Problems in the church
Pope Leo IX
Pope Gregory VII
Change
Priest marrying, simony (buying church positions, and lay inv…
Enforced church laws
Extended Leo's reforms
Church reform
Change
Problems in the church
Priest marrying, simony (buying church positions, and lay inv…
European History Chapter 14
What will oxen be replaced by which in…
What allowed horses to be properly uti…
What did the three-field system do?
What did self-sufficiency of the manor…
Horses
New harnesses
Help the farmers utilize more of their land which meant more…
Trade fairs
What will oxen be replaced by which in…
Horses
What allowed horses to be properly uti…
New harnesses
18 terms
World History Chapter 14
multinational corporation
megacity
favela
magic realism
a company with divisions in more than two countries (p. 651)
cities with rapidly increasing populations, having trouble ke…
squatter settlements lacking basic urban services (p. 654)
a form of expression unique to Latin American literature; it…
multinational corporation
a company with divisions in more than two countries (p. 651)
megacity
cities with rapidly increasing populations, having trouble ke…
World History Chapter 14
Dark Age
Convent
simony
Constantinople
The name given to the time period in Western Europe between 5…
A monastery for women
The selling of church offices
Capital of the Byzantine Empire
Dark Age
The name given to the time period in Western Europe between 5…
Convent
A monastery for women
World History - Chapter 14
Holy Land
Crusades
Children's Crusades
Results of Crusades
Also called Palestine; Crusades were fought over the area
Military expedition ordered by the pope
Youth who tried to regain the holy land; many kids were sold…
Changes in weapons; fewer lords; End of Feudalism; Exchange o…
Holy Land
Also called Palestine; Crusades were fought over the area
Crusades
Military expedition ordered by the pope
8 terms
World History Chapter 14
A Mighty Fortress
Frederick the Wise
Johann Tetzel
Martin Luther
famous hymn written by Martin Luther
This German prince gave Luther protection
traveled throughout Germany raising money for the church by s…
did not believe the pope is infallible
A Mighty Fortress
famous hymn written by Martin Luther
Frederick the Wise
This German prince gave Luther protection
Chapter 14: AP European History
Axial Rudder
Compass
Vasco De Gama
Astrolabe
Invention by the Chinese that allowed ships to maneover easily.
Instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the dir…
(1460-1524) Portuguese explorer who rounded the Cape of Good…
astronomical instrument for taking the altitude of the sun or…
Axial Rudder
Invention by the Chinese that allowed ships to maneover easily.
Compass
Instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the dir…
AP European History Chapter 14
Marco Polo
God, Glory and Gold
portolani
Ptolemy's Geography
Wrote Travels a novel about his experience traveling across E…
most conqusitdors and explorers were motivated to travel to s…
charts made by medieval navigators and mathematicians in the…
a map made by Ptolemy a second century astronomer and was onl…
Marco Polo
Wrote Travels a novel about his experience traveling across E…
God, Glory and Gold
most conqusitdors and explorers were motivated to travel to s…
11 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
audiencias
capital
conquistadors
encomienda
advisory group who assisted the viceroy in governing Spanish…
material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
"conquerors." Leaders in the Spanish conquests in the America…
a system that allowed Spanish settlers to collect tribute and…
audiencias
advisory group who assisted the viceroy in governing Spanish…
capital
material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
25 terms
Modern European History Chapter 14
Louis XV (r.1715-1774)
Cardinal Fleury (1653-1743)
Louis XVI (r.1774-1792)
Jacques Turgot (1727-1781)
French King whose chief minister was Cardinal Fleury. He was…
Chief minister to Louis XV, he was successful in stabilizing…
French king during the French Revolution whose queen was Mari…
French physiocrat who was appointed by King Louis XVI as cont…
Louis XV (r.1715-1774)
French King whose chief minister was Cardinal Fleury. He was…
Cardinal Fleury (1653-1743)
Chief minister to Louis XV, he was successful in stabilizing…
57 terms
World History Chapter 14
Patron
humanism
perspective
Renaissance
Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, a…
A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied…
An artistic technique that creates the appearance of three di…
1. A rebirth; a renewal
Patron
Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, a…
humanism
A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied…
46 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Benefices
The Imitation of Christ
Ecumenical council
a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, pr…
offices
by Thomas a Kempis, gained wide appeal among lay-people, urge…
met in Rome from 1512-1517, summoned by Pope Julius II,
Pluralism
a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, pr…
Benefices
offices
European history chapter 14 vocabulary
Islam
Oasis
Sheikh
Caravan
A religion based on the teachings of Muhammud
A green area in a desert said by underground water
The leader of an Arab tribe
A group of traveling merchants and animals
Islam
A religion based on the teachings of Muhammud
Oasis
A green area in a desert said by underground water
48 terms
European history chapter 14
primary motive for European exploratio…
area that was the strongesr religious…
pole star
role prince Henry the navigator played…
desire for precious metals and new areas for trade
Spain and Portugal
south of the equator
Motivated to explore places to bring riches to Spain and conv…
primary motive for European exploratio…
desire for precious metals and new areas for trade
area that was the strongesr religious…
Spain and Portugal
14 terms
European History Chapter 14
causes of the crusades
effects of the bubonic plague
commercial revoultion
bubonic plague
...
...
...
...
causes of the crusades
...
effects of the bubonic plague
...
68 terms
Ap European History Chapter 14 Study Guide
EQ1: Compare & Contrast Catholic and P…
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Anti-Clericalism
Protestants believed that authority exists in the Bible alone…
the holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official nonparticipation in benefices but receiving payme…
opposition to the clergy in the early 16th century, because o…
EQ1: Compare & Contrast Catholic and P…
Protestants believed that authority exists in the Bible alone…
Pluralism
the holding of several benefices, or church offices.
AP European History-Chapter 14- Reformation
Simony
Pluralism
Nepotism
Absenteeism
The selling of Church offices
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and co…
Favoritism shown to relatives or close friends by those in po…
An official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Simony
The selling of Church offices
Pluralism
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and co…
73 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 (European Exploration and Conquest 1450-1650)
The Indian Ocean
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
Became a great commercial entrepôt (AHN-truh-poh) in the Sout…
He was a Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels f…
The Indian Ocean
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
AP European History Chapter 14
Anabaptists
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Consubstantiation
Diet of Worms
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist: after consecration, the b…
Series of imperial meetings (1521) at the bishops palace at W…
Anabaptists
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
18 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Anabaptists
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Consubstantiation
Diet of Worms
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist: after consecration, the b…
Series of imperial meetings (1521) at the bishops palace at W…
Anabaptists
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
36 terms
World History Chapter 14
Simony
Gothic Style
Urban II
Crusade
The selling of official positions in the medieval Roman Catho…
A type of European architecture that developed in the Middle…
He was the Pope who called for the first Crusade in 1095. He…
A holy war. Specifically a number of wars in which medieval C…
Simony
The selling of official positions in the medieval Roman Catho…
Gothic Style
A type of European architecture that developed in the Middle…
18 terms
World History Chapter 14
William Tyndale
Desiderius Erasmus
indulgences
Ninety-five Theses
translated the first printed English New Testamend form the o…
greatest scholar of the Northern Renaissance
papal certificates that excused a person from doing penance a…
Luther posted on the church in Wittenberg on 10/31/1517
William Tyndale
translated the first printed English New Testamend form the o…
Desiderius Erasmus
greatest scholar of the Northern Renaissance
80 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Combination of what gave birthto new s…
What led to profound transformation of…
What sparked a century long competitio…
René-Robert Cavalier LaSalle
Indigenous,european, and african cultures
European involvement
French ambitions on mainland and in Caribbean
descended the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico and opened wa…
Combination of what gave birthto new s…
Indigenous,european, and african cultures
What led to profound transformation of…
European involvement
18 terms
World History Chapter 14
absolute
divine right
Henry VI
Cardinal Richelieu
The ___ power of kings was unlimited and unrestrained.
Kings of the 17th and 18th centuries believed that they ruled…
____ helped lay the foundation for absolutism in France.
____ aimed to strengthen the power of the kings by destroying…
absolute
The ___ power of kings was unlimited and unrestrained.
divine right
Kings of the 17th and 18th centuries believed that they ruled…
91 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
What did people of all classes dedicat…
What is anticlericalism?
What did critics of the church attack?
What did bishops casually enforce?
Religious causes and foundations
Opposition to the clergy
Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical plurali…
Regulations regarding the education of priests.
What did people of all classes dedicat…
Religious causes and foundations
What is anticlericalism?
Opposition to the clergy
50 terms
Chapter 14 Ap European History
Prester John
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
From Venice and traveled with Niccolo and Maffeo who were mer…
The motives of Europeans traveling out into undiscovered area…
Prester John
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
45 terms
European History -- Chapter 14 Review
Malacca
Paramesvara
Marco Polo
The Empire of Songhai
New sultanate founded in the early fifteenth century by Param…
Founder of the the sultanate at Malacca. He converted to Isla…
A Venetian traveler who traveled to India and recorded what h…
Empire located in the Niger River Valley which was founded by…
Malacca
New sultanate founded in the early fifteenth century by Param…
Paramesvara
Founder of the the sultanate at Malacca. He converted to Isla…
40 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Nicolaus Copernicus
Tycho Brahe
Johannes Kepler
Galileo Galilei
-polish priest and astronomer... -"On the Revolutions of the Hea…
-does not advocate the Copernican system... -Mercury and Venus r…
-studies under Brahe... -convinced Copernican who also finds mat…
-"The Starry Messenger" and "Letters on Sunspots"... -HELIOCENTR…
Nicolaus Copernicus
-polish priest and astronomer... -"On the Revolutions of the Hea…
Tycho Brahe
-does not advocate the Copernican system... -Mercury and Venus r…
60 terms
AP European History Chapter 14: Reformations and Religious Wars
Martin Luther - 3
anticlericalism - 3
papal curia - 4
clerical privileges and immunities - 4
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
opposition to clergy
pope's court in Rome
priests, monks, and nuns exempt from civic responsibilities s…
Martin Luther - 3
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
anticlericalism - 3
opposition to clergy
49 terms
Chapter 14 AP European History
John Mandeville
Marco Polo
God, Glory, Gold
Portolani
fantastic stories of the wealth of the East
Venetian, traveled and lived in China, under the Khan (Mongols)
principle motives for expansion
13 and 14th centuries charts or maps used by European sailors
John Mandeville
fantastic stories of the wealth of the East
Marco Polo
Venetian, traveled and lived in China, under the Khan (Mongols)
5 terms
World History: Chapter 14 (Pictures)
Gothic architecture
map of the Crusades
three-field system
Thomas Aquinas
Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris
Gothic architecture
Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris
map of the Crusades
20 terms
World History Chapter 14
This individual created the printing p…
This type of government is run by chur…
This Renaissance man was a scientist,…
Those who follow this religious princi…
Who is Johann Gutenberg?
What is a theocracy?
Who is Leonardo da Vinci?
What is predestination?
This individual created the printing p…
Who is Johann Gutenberg?
This type of government is run by chur…
What is a theocracy?
70 terms
AP European History : Chapter 14 Important Terms
Simony
Pluralism
Nepotism
Absenteeism
Buy a position in the Church offices.
An official holding more than one office at a time.
Favoring family members in the designation of church offices.
An official not participating in benefices but still receivin…
Simony
Buy a position in the Church offices.
Pluralism
An official holding more than one office at a time.
27 terms
World History - Chapter 14
unlimited and unrestrained
1. increasing their control over their…
God
England
two things that absolute power is
the ways that rulers tried to increase royal authority
the individual which rulers claimed established their authori…
the country's assembly which was able to restrain royal control
unlimited and unrestrained
two things that absolute power is
1. increasing their control over their…
the ways that rulers tried to increase royal authority
29 terms
World History Chapter 14
absolute power
divine right
Intendent
Seven Year's War
unlimited and unrestrained power
God-established authority
officials directly responsible to the king
Treaty of Paris
absolute power
unlimited and unrestrained power
divine right
God-established authority
29 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Act of Supremacy
Anglicanism
John Calvin
Consubstantiation
Declared the king the supreme head of the church of england
Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as define…
Theological writings profoundly influenced religious thoughts…
The bread and wine undergo a spiritual change
Act of Supremacy
Declared the king the supreme head of the church of england
Anglicanism
Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as define…
AP European History Chapter 14
Scientific Revolution
Nicholas Copernicus
Ptolemy
Geocentrism
The era of scientific thought in Europe during which careful…
Suggested that the sun, not Earth, was the center of our sola…
Alexandrian astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of as…
Belief that Earth is the center of the universe.
Scientific Revolution
The era of scientific thought in Europe during which careful…
Nicholas Copernicus
Suggested that the sun, not Earth, was the center of our sola…
15 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Absenteeism
King Henry VIII
Pius II
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Founder of the church in England and ruled England from 1509-…
pope remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusad…
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
Absenteeism
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
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