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Study sets matching "european history chapter 14"

51 terms
Chapter 14 European History
Prester John
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
From Venice and traveled with Niccolo and Maffeo who were mer…
The motives of Europeans traveling out into undiscovered area…
Prester John
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
50 terms
Chapter 14 European History
Prester John
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
From Venice and traveled with Niccolo and Maffeo who were mer…
The motives of Europeans traveling out into undiscovered area…
Prester John
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
32 terms
Chapter 14 European History Terms
Galley
Caravel (w/ lateen sail & sternpost ru…
Cannon
Ptolemy's Geography (re-released ca. 1…
Narrow, open boats propelled largely by slaves or convicts ma…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
Caravels were fitted with this weapon, and with it, the carav…
A second-century-C.E. work that synthesized the classical kno…
Galley
Narrow, open boats propelled largely by slaves or convicts ma…
Caravel (w/ lateen sail & sternpost ru…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
49 terms
European History Chapter 14
Geocentric theory
Scientific Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus
Johannes Kepler
Name of what most scholars believed which stated the earth wa…
Based upon careful observation and willingness to question ac…
Polish astronomer who helped develop the heliocentric theory…
Proved that planets move in an elliptical orbit
Geocentric theory
Name of what most scholars believed which stated the earth wa…
Scientific Revolution
Based upon careful observation and willingness to question ac…
124 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Age of Exploration
Fantastic Lands
Prester John
Economic Gain
- began at the end of the 15th century ... - 3 causes: ... 1. Fanta…
- cause of the Age of Exploration ... - Europeans were intereste…
- a mysterious Christian community in Africa... - rumored to be…
- one of the causes of the Age of Exploration ... - Mongols open…
Age of Exploration
- began at the end of the 15th century ... - 3 causes: ... 1. Fanta…
Fantastic Lands
- cause of the Age of Exploration ... - Europeans were intereste…
AP European History Chapter 14
Disorders of the early-16th century ch…
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Benefices
Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical plurali…
Many clerics holding more than one office/church benefice at…
Official not participating in benefices
Offices of clergymen; churchmen often help multiple benefices…
Disorders of the early-16th century ch…
Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical plurali…
Pluralism
Many clerics holding more than one office/church benefice at…
73 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 (European Exploration and Conquest (1450-1650))
The Indian Ocean
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
Became a great commercial entrepôt (AHN-truh-poh) in the Sout…
He was a Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels f…
The Indian Ocean
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
39 terms
Chapter 14 European History
What motivated Europeans to explore?
What made exploration possible?
Astrolabe
Hernan Cortes
economic reasons, political reasons, curiosity
leadership of monarchs, wealth, technology
an instrument used by sailors to determine their location by…
conqueror of Mexico under Spain
What motivated Europeans to explore?
economic reasons, political reasons, curiosity
What made exploration possible?
leadership of monarchs, wealth, technology
35 terms
European History Chapter 14
The Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis ended t…
In the early sixteenth century, anticl…
Which of the following best describes…
What aided Martin Luther as his call f…
C
D
D
B
The Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis ended t…
C
In the early sixteenth century, anticl…
D
14 terms
European History Chapter 14
causes of the crusades
effects of the bubonic plague
commercial revoultion
bubonic plague
...
...
...
...
causes of the crusades
...
effects of the bubonic plague
...
20 terms
Chapter 14.2 European History Terms
Galley
Caravel (w/ lateen sail & sternpost ru…
Cannon
Ptolemy's Geography (re-released ca. 1…
Narrow, open boats propelled largely by slaves or convicts ma…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
Caravels were fitted with this weapon, and with it, the carav…
A second-century-C.E. work that synthesized the classical kno…
Galley
Narrow, open boats propelled largely by slaves or convicts ma…
Caravel (w/ lateen sail & sternpost ru…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
20 terms
European history chapter 14
patron
humanism
humanities
perspective
person who provides financial support for the arts
intellectual movement at the heart of the italian renaissance…
study of subjects taught in ancient Greece and Roman schools
artistic technique used to give drawings and paintings a thre…
patron
person who provides financial support for the arts
humanism
intellectual movement at the heart of the italian renaissance…
27 terms
European History:Chapter 14
Scientific Revolution
Ptolemaic Systems
Heliocentric
Epicycle
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s…
the pre-copernican explanation of the universe, with the eart…
Based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe
A circle that rolls upon the external or internal circumferen…
Scientific Revolution
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s…
Ptolemaic Systems
the pre-copernican explanation of the universe, with the eart…
60 terms
AP European History Chapter 14: Reformations and Religious Wars
Martin Luther - 3
anticlericalism - 3
papal curia - 4
clerical privileges and immunities - 4
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
opposition to clergy
pope's court in Rome
priests, monks, and nuns exempt from civic responsibilities s…
Martin Luther - 3
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
anticlericalism - 3
opposition to clergy
78 terms
AP European History-Chapter 14- Reformation
Simony
Pluralism
Nepotism
Absenteeism
The selling of Church offices
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and co…
Favoritism shown to relatives or close friends by those in po…
An official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Simony
The selling of Church offices
Pluralism
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and co…
European History Chapter 14
What will oxen be replaced by which in…
What allowed horses to be properly uti…
What did the three-field system do?
What did self-sufficiency of the manor…
Horses
New harnesses
Help the farmers utilize more of their land which meant more…
Trade fairs
What will oxen be replaced by which in…
Horses
What allowed horses to be properly uti…
New harnesses
68 terms
Ap European History Chapter 14 Study Guide
EQ1: Compare & Contrast Catholic and P…
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Anti-Clericalism
Protestants believed that authority exists in the Bible alone…
the holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official nonparticipation in benefices but receiving payme…
opposition to the clergy in the early 16th century, because o…
EQ1: Compare & Contrast Catholic and P…
Protestants believed that authority exists in the Bible alone…
Pluralism
the holding of several benefices, or church offices.
73 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 (European Exploration and Conquest 1450-1650)
The Indian Ocean
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
Became a great commercial entrepôt (AHN-truh-poh) in the Sout…
He was a Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels f…
The Indian Ocean
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
10 terms
European History Terms Chapter 14
Neoplatonism
Hermetic Doctrine
Copernican Revolution
Heliocentric
Views based on the ideas of Plato that one should search beyo…
Notion popular in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries tha…
The change from an earth-centered to a sun-centered universe…
Pertaining to the theory that the sun is the center of the un…
Neoplatonism
Views based on the ideas of Plato that one should search beyo…
Hermetic Doctrine
Notion popular in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries tha…
25 terms
Chapter 14: AP European History
Axial Rudder
Compass
Vasco De Gama
Astrolabe
Invention by the Chinese that allowed ships to maneover easily.
Instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the dir…
(1460-1524) Portuguese explorer who rounded the Cape of Good…
astronomical instrument for taking the altitude of the sun or…
Axial Rudder
Invention by the Chinese that allowed ships to maneover easily.
Compass
Instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the dir…
20 terms
European history chapter 14 vocabulary
Islam
Oasis
Sheikh
Caravan
A religion based on the teachings of Muhammud
A green area in a desert said by underground water
The leader of an Arab tribe
A group of traveling merchants and animals
Islam
A religion based on the teachings of Muhammud
Oasis
A green area in a desert said by underground water
45 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Marco Polo
God, Glory and Gold
portolani
Ptolemy's Geography
Wrote Travels a novel about his experience traveling across E…
most conqusitdors and explorers were motivated to travel to s…
charts made by medieval navigators and mathematicians in the…
a map made by Ptolemy a second century astronomer and was onl…
Marco Polo
Wrote Travels a novel about his experience traveling across E…
God, Glory and Gold
most conqusitdors and explorers were motivated to travel to s…
70 terms
AP European History : Chapter 14 Important Terms
Simony
Pluralism
Nepotism
Absenteeism
Buy a position in the Church offices.
An official holding more than one office at a time.
Favoring family members in the designation of church offices.
An official not participating in benefices but still receivin…
Simony
Buy a position in the Church offices.
Pluralism
An official holding more than one office at a time.
25 terms
Modern European History Chapter 14
Louis XV (r.1715-1774)
Cardinal Fleury (1653-1743)
Louis XVI (r.1774-1792)
Jacques Turgot (1727-1781)
French King whose chief minister was Cardinal Fleury. He was…
Chief minister to Louis XV, he was successful in stabilizing…
French king during the French Revolution whose queen was Mari…
French physiocrat who was appointed by King Louis XVI as cont…
Louis XV (r.1715-1774)
French King whose chief minister was Cardinal Fleury. He was…
Cardinal Fleury (1653-1743)
Chief minister to Louis XV, he was successful in stabilizing…
11 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
audiencias
capital
conquistadors
encomienda
advisory group who assisted the viceroy in governing Spanish…
material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
"conquerors." Leaders in the Spanish conquests in the America…
a system that allowed Spanish settlers to collect tribute and…
audiencias
advisory group who assisted the viceroy in governing Spanish…
capital
material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
46 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Benefices
The Imitation of Christ
Ecumenical council
a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, pr…
offices
by Thomas a Kempis, gained wide appeal among lay-people, urge…
met in Rome from 1512-1517, summoned by Pope Julius II,
Pluralism
a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, pr…
Benefices
offices
35 terms
European History: Chapter 14
What was/were they key elements to the…
How did each of the classes pay respec…
What events gave church leaders a bad…
What was The Praise of Folly?
The Reformation (and the Renaissance).
Lower-class: honoured saints; Middle-class: made contribution…
Emperor Frederick II (13th century), Babylonian Captivity, an…
Written by Erasmus, it accused the clergy and monks of supers…
What was/were they key elements to the…
The Reformation (and the Renaissance).
How did each of the classes pay respec…
Lower-class: honoured saints; Middle-class: made contribution…
18 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Anabaptists
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Consubstantiation
Diet of Worms
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist: after consecration, the b…
Series of imperial meetings (1521) at the bishops palace at W…
Anabaptists
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
48 terms
European history chapter 14
primary motive for European exploratio…
area that was the strongesr religious…
pole star
role prince Henry the navigator played…
desire for precious metals and new areas for trade
Spain and Portugal
south of the equator
Motivated to explore places to bring riches to Spain and conv…
primary motive for European exploratio…
desire for precious metals and new areas for trade
area that was the strongesr religious…
Spain and Portugal
AP European History Chapter 14
Anabaptists
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Consubstantiation
Diet of Worms
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist: after consecration, the b…
Series of imperial meetings (1521) at the bishops palace at W…
Anabaptists
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
45 terms
European History -- Chapter 14 Review
Malacca
Paramesvara
Marco Polo
The Empire of Songhai
New sultanate founded in the early fifteenth century by Param…
Founder of the the sultanate at Malacca. He converted to Isla…
A Venetian traveler who traveled to India and recorded what h…
Empire located in the Niger River Valley which was founded by…
Malacca
New sultanate founded in the early fifteenth century by Param…
Paramesvara
Founder of the the sultanate at Malacca. He converted to Isla…
32 terms
Chapter 14 European History Terms
Galley
Caravel (w/ lateen sail & sternpost ru…
Cannon
Ptolemy's Geography (re-released ca. 1…
Narrow, open boats propelled largely by slaves or convicts ma…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
Caravels were fitted with this weapon, and with it, the carav…
A second-century-C.E. work that synthesized the classical kno…
Galley
Narrow, open boats propelled largely by slaves or convicts ma…
Caravel (w/ lateen sail & sternpost ru…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
10 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 - Europe and the World : New Encounters
Portolani
Conquistadors
Encomienda
Viceroy
Charts of landmasses and coastlines made by navigators and ma…
"conquerors." Leaders in the Spanish conquests in the America…
In Spanish America, a form of economic and social organizatio…
The administrative head of the provinces of New Spain and Per…
Portolani
Charts of landmasses and coastlines made by navigators and ma…
Conquistadors
"conquerors." Leaders in the Spanish conquests in the America…
91 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
What did people of all classes dedicat…
What is anticlericalism?
What did critics of the church attack?
What did bishops casually enforce?
Religious causes and foundations
Opposition to the clergy
Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical plurali…
Regulations regarding the education of priests.
What did people of all classes dedicat…
Religious causes and foundations
What is anticlericalism?
Opposition to the clergy
80 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Combination of what gave birthto new s…
What led to profound transformation of…
What sparked a century long competitio…
René-Robert Cavalier LaSalle
Indigenous,european, and african cultures
European involvement
French ambitions on mainland and in Caribbean
descended the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico and opened wa…
Combination of what gave birthto new s…
Indigenous,european, and african cultures
What led to profound transformation of…
European involvement
37 terms
AP European History Terms Chapter 14
Scientific Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus
Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (1…
Heliocentric
...
Polish priest and scientist, Educated at the University of Kr…
Written by Nicolaus Copernicus, commissioned to find astronom…
The sun is in the middle of the solar system
Scientific Revolution
...
Nicolaus Copernicus
Polish priest and scientist, Educated at the University of Kr…
46 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Key Terms
After Revolutions of 1848
Crimean War 1853-1856
Crimean War...SO WHAT?
Treaty of Paris 1856
- Italy and Germany are united under constitutional monarchie…
- Was rooted in the long-standing desire of Russia to extend…
- The Concert of Europe was shattered ... - Before the Crimean W…
- Ended the Crimean War... - Requires Russia to surrender the ar…
After Revolutions of 1848
- Italy and Germany are united under constitutional monarchie…
Crimean War 1853-1856
- Was rooted in the long-standing desire of Russia to extend…
24 terms
AP European History - Chapter 14 Vocab
Henry the Navigator
Da Gama
Columbus
Magellan
Henry was a Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and sponsor tha…
In 1498 a sea captain by the name of Da Gama took his fleet,…
Christopher Columbus was Italian explorer who worked for the…
In 1519 Ferdinand Magellan passed through straits named after…
Henry the Navigator
Henry was a Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and sponsor tha…
Da Gama
In 1498 a sea captain by the name of Da Gama took his fleet,…
30 terms
Ap European History Chapter 14-16 Vocabulary
Appeasement
Fascism
Totalitarianism
Winston Churchill
the making of concessions to an aggressor in order to avoid war
a political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationa…
government control over every aspect of public and private life
prime minister of the United Kingdom, who rallied the British…
Appeasement
the making of concessions to an aggressor in order to avoid war
Fascism
a political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationa…
40 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Nicolaus Copernicus
Tycho Brahe
Johannes Kepler
Galileo Galilei
-polish priest and astronomer... -"On the Revolutions of the Hea…
-does not advocate the Copernican system... -Mercury and Venus r…
-studies under Brahe... -convinced Copernican who also finds mat…
-"The Starry Messenger" and "Letters on Sunspots"... -HELIOCENTR…
Nicolaus Copernicus
-polish priest and astronomer... -"On the Revolutions of the Hea…
Tycho Brahe
-does not advocate the Copernican system... -Mercury and Venus r…
50 terms
Chapter 14 Ap European History
Prester John
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
From Venice and traveled with Niccolo and Maffeo who were mer…
The motives of Europeans traveling out into undiscovered area…
Prester John
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
41 terms
Carrie-AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Absenteeism
King Henry VIII
Pius II
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Founder of the church in England and ruled England from 1509-…
pope remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusad…
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
Absenteeism
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
73 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 (European Exploration and Conquest (1450-1650))
The Indian Ocean
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
Became a great commercial entrepôt (AHN-truh-poh) in the Sout…
He was a Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels f…
The Indian Ocean
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
31 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Scientific Revolution
Copernicus
On the Revolution of Heavenly Spheres
Ptolemy
-the process that established the new view of the universe ... -…
-Polish priest and astronomer... -criticizes idea of earths plac…
-a revolution making text rather than revolutionary text... -cha…
-the mathematical astronomy used to explain the place of eart…
Scientific Revolution
-the process that established the new view of the universe ... -…
Copernicus
-Polish priest and astronomer... -criticizes idea of earths plac…
AP European History Chapter 14
Ptolemaic System
Geocentrism
Heliocentrism
empricism
basis of which mathematical calculations relate to Astronomy…
theory that the the earth is the center of the universe
theory that the sun is the center of the universe and all the…
the use of experiment and observation derived from sensory ev…
Ptolemaic System
basis of which mathematical calculations relate to Astronomy…
Geocentrism
theory that the the earth is the center of the universe
73 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 (European Exploration and Conquest (1450-1650))
The Indian Ocean
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
Became a great commercial entrepôt (AHN-truh-poh) in the Sout…
He was a Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels f…
The Indian Ocean
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
49 terms
Chapter 14 AP European History
John Mandeville
Marco Polo
God, Glory, Gold
Portolani
fantastic stories of the wealth of the East
Venetian, traveled and lived in China, under the Khan (Mongols)
principle motives for expansion
13 and 14th centuries charts or maps used by European sailors
John Mandeville
fantastic stories of the wealth of the East
Marco Polo
Venetian, traveled and lived in China, under the Khan (Mongols)
11 terms
Chapter 14 AP European History
Innovations
Colombian Exchange
Merchants list policies
3 Gs
Astroble ... Better maps... Compass... Sextant
Trade triangle between Africa new world and Europe
Economic policies that included a nationalistic economy throu…
Gold Glory God
Innovations
Astroble ... Better maps... Compass... Sextant
Colombian Exchange
Trade triangle between Africa new world and Europe
41 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Absenteeism
King Henry VIII
Pius II
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Founder of the church in England and ruled England from 1509-…
pope remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusad…
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
Absenteeism
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
29 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Act of Supremacy
Anglicanism
John Calvin
Consubstantiation
Declared the king the supreme head of the church of england
Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as define…
Theological writings profoundly influenced religious thoughts…
The bread and wine undergo a spiritual change
Act of Supremacy
Declared the king the supreme head of the church of england
Anglicanism
Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as define…
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