Study sets matching "european history chapter 14"

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Study sets matching "european history chapter 14"

11 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Terminology
Anticlericalism
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Indulgence
Oposition to roman catholic clergy
Act of holding 2+ high offices pf the church(benefice) and en…
Inability to preside over parish due to pluralism
Document issued by catholic church lessening time in purgator…
Anticlericalism
Oposition to roman catholic clergy
Pluralism
Act of holding 2+ high offices pf the church(benefice) and en…
AP European History ID Chapter 14
Scientific Revolution
Nicholas Copernicus
Aristotle
Ptolemy
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s…
(1473-1543) Polish astronomer who believed that the Earth orb…
A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a fa…
Alexandrian astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of as…
Scientific Revolution
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s…
Nicholas Copernicus
(1473-1543) Polish astronomer who believed that the Earth orb…
51 terms
Chapter 14 Ap European History
Prester John
The Travels of John Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
From Venice; traveled with Niccolo and Maffeo who were mercha…
The motives of Europeans traveling out into undiscovered area…
Prester John
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
The Travels of John Mandeville
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
AP European History Chapter 14 Review
Nicolas Copernicus
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Sph…
Ptolemy
Almagest
A Polish astronomer who published "On the Revolutions of the…
The major work of Nicolas Copernicus. Refuted the theory of a…
Astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that…
Ptolemy's major work which advocated a geocentric universe.
Nicolas Copernicus
A Polish astronomer who published "On the Revolutions of the…
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Sph…
The major work of Nicolas Copernicus. Refuted the theory of a…
79 terms
Toy AP European History Chapter 14
Catherine de' Medici
French Wars of Religion
Guises
Bourbons
widow of Henry II of France; became the regent of her sons Ch…
the period where civil war erupted in France due to religious…
powerful Catholic family who was allowed by Francis II (under…
enemies of the Guise, princes who also have direct claim of t…
Catherine de' Medici
widow of Henry II of France; became the regent of her sons Ch…
French Wars of Religion
the period where civil war erupted in France due to religious…
25 terms
AP European History - Identification (Chapter 14)
Ptolemy & Geography
Prince Henry the Navigator
Vasco de Gama
Afonso de Albuquerque
Ptolemy was an astronomer, his works consisted of the "Geogra…
(1394-1460) Founded a school for navigators on the southweste…
(1460-1524) Sailed for Portugal. Rounded the Cape of Africa,…
(1462-1515) Sailed for Portuguese, set up port facilities at…
Ptolemy & Geography
Ptolemy was an astronomer, his works consisted of the "Geogra…
Prince Henry the Navigator
(1394-1460) Founded a school for navigators on the southweste…
Chapter 14 AP European History Vocab
Caravel
Colombian Exchange
Conquistador
Encomienda System
A small, maneuverable, three mass sailing ship developed by t…
The exchange of animals plants and diseases between the old a…
Spanish for "conqueror", Spanish soldier explorer such as Her…
A system where by the Spanish crown granted to Congress the r…
Caravel
A small, maneuverable, three mass sailing ship developed by t…
Colombian Exchange
The exchange of animals plants and diseases between the old a…
21 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Section 5
Huguenots
politiques
Edict of Nantes
Union of Utrecht
French Calvinists
Catholic and Protestant moderates who held that only a strong…
document issued by Henry IV in 1598 granting "liberty of cons…
the alliance of 7 northern provinces (led by Holland) that de…
Huguenots
French Calvinists
politiques
Catholic and Protestant moderates who held that only a strong…
AP European History Chapter 14 key terms
Anticlericalism
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Indulgence
Opposition to Roman Catholic clergy
The practice of holding more than one high church office (or…
The inability to preside over a parish due to pluralism
A document issued by the Roman Catholic Church lessening pena…
Anticlericalism
Opposition to Roman Catholic clergy
Pluralism
The practice of holding more than one high church office (or…
46 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Key Terms
After Revolutions of 1848
Crimean War 1853-1856
Crimean War...SO WHAT?
Treaty of Paris 1856
- Italy and Germany are united under constitutional monarchie…
- Was rooted in the long-standing desire of Russia to extend…
- The Concert of Europe was shattered ... - Before the Crimean W…
- Ended the Crimean War... - Requires Russia to surrender the ar…
After Revolutions of 1848
- Italy and Germany are united under constitutional monarchie…
Crimean War 1853-1856
- Was rooted in the long-standing desire of Russia to extend…
19 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Vocab
Rene Descartes
scientific induction
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
The french philosopher, scientist mathematician who invented…
scientific method in which generalizations are derived from d…
English philosopher and author of Leviathan, he believed that…
In his Second Treatise on Government, he disagreed with Hobbe…
Rene Descartes
The french philosopher, scientist mathematician who invented…
scientific induction
scientific method in which generalizations are derived from d…
Chapter 14 European History Terms and Concepts
home rule
Zollvererin
William Gladstone
Hatti-I Humayun
The advocacy of a large measure of administrative autonomy fo…
Free trade amongst German states. Tariff union.
Served as the British Prime Minister during "Gladstone's Grea…
Reform decree at the close of the Crimean War that spelled ou…
home rule
The advocacy of a large measure of administrative autonomy fo…
Zollvererin
Free trade amongst German states. Tariff union.
AP European History Chapter 14 Review
Nicolas Copernicus
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Sph…
Ptolemy
Almagest
A Polish astronomer who published "On the Revolutions of the…
The major work of Nicolas Copernicus. Refuted the theory of a…
Astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that…
Ptolemy's major work which advocated a geocentric universe.
Nicolas Copernicus
A Polish astronomer who published "On the Revolutions of the…
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Sph…
The major work of Nicolas Copernicus. Refuted the theory of a…
15 terms
A.P European History Chapter 14
Huguenots
Concordat of Bologna
Thirty Years War
Defenestration of Prauge
a French Protestant sect of the 16th-17th centuries. Largely…
1516), marking a stage in the evolution of the Gallican Churc…
war waged in the early seventeenth century that involved Fran…
Both helped to trigger prolonged conflict within Bohemia and…
Huguenots
a French Protestant sect of the 16th-17th centuries. Largely…
Concordat of Bologna
1516), marking a stage in the evolution of the Gallican Churc…
AP European History - Chapter 14 Review
Galileo believed that all aspects of n…
Which of the following is true of the…
The scientific fact that the orbits of…
During the 16th century, the discoveri…
mathematical relationships
It was not rapid.
Kepler.
astronomy.
Galileo believed that all aspects of n…
mathematical relationships
Which of the following is true of the…
It was not rapid.
17 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Anabaptists
Book of Common Prayer
Consubstantiation
Diet of Worms
General name given to several Protestant groups who believed…
Official prayer book of the church of England, containing the…
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist. After consecration, the b…
Series of imperial meetings (1521) at the bishop's palace at…
Anabaptists
General name given to several Protestant groups who believed…
Book of Common Prayer
Official prayer book of the church of England, containing the…
30 terms
AP European History McKay Chapter 14
clerical pluralism
Pope Alexander VI
Brethren of the Common Life
The Imitation of Christ
when church officials had control within multiple benefices
pope whose mistress and children were publicly addressed, sho…
a group of pious laypeople who stressed the centrality of the…
a Classic that urged Christians to take Christ as their model…
clerical pluralism
when church officials had control within multiple benefices
Pope Alexander VI
pope whose mistress and children were publicly addressed, sho…
33 terms
Chapter 14 Nation States AP European History
Risorgimento
Victor Emmanuel II
Camillo di Cavour
Giuseppe Garibaldi
The political and social movement that created a unified Ital…
King of Sardinia, piedmont and savory until 1861 when he was…
Sided with the French and British against Austria to create a…
Fought in many military conflicts that led towards the format…
Risorgimento
The political and social movement that created a unified Ital…
Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia, piedmont and savory until 1861 when he was…
38 terms
World History Chapter 14 European Middle Ages
1200
1000-1445
1250
1346
Most Europeans were peasants
Europeans population more than doubles
Average crop yields in Europe decreased due to poor soil
Black death is brought from Kaffa to Italy and France
1200
Most Europeans were peasants
1000-1445
Europeans population more than doubles
AP European History: chapter 14, 15, 16
Peace of Augsburg
Peace of Augsburg (in depth)
Edict of Nates (1589) henry IV
Guise Family (religious wars)
1555 1st major treaty to accept split in western Christianity…
Charles V... •acknowledged Lutheranism as a religion option to e…
Henry III had no children, the crown passed to cousin. Henry…
Powerful catholic family nobility with #elimimate Protestanti…
Peace of Augsburg
1555 1st major treaty to accept split in western Christianity…
Peace of Augsburg (in depth)
Charles V... •acknowledged Lutheranism as a religion option to e…
32 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Section 4
John Calvin
Michael Servetus
King James V and Mary, Queen of Scots
John Knox
He was born in Noyon, France, studied law, and converted to P…
Spanish humanist and refugee who was burned at the stake for…
staunch Catholics, allies of France, ruled in Scotland
He had studied/worked with Calvin and he wanted to model the…
John Calvin
He was born in Noyon, France, studied law, and converted to P…
Michael Servetus
Spanish humanist and refugee who was burned at the stake for…
41 terms
AP EUROPEAN HISTORY CHAPTER 14 STUDY GUIDE
Describe how Christian humanism, found…
What were the criticisms of reforms ... l…
What were the new interpretations of C…
How did catholic reformers, like the J…
Christian Humanism employed Renaissance Learning in the servi…
Martin Luther criticized the Church's selling of indulgences…
New interpretations stated that faith alone will get you into…
Catholic reformers attempted to revitalize the Church by atte…
Describe how Christian humanism, found…
Christian Humanism employed Renaissance Learning in the servi…
What were the criticisms of reforms ... l…
Martin Luther criticized the Church's selling of indulgences…
53 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Review
Nicolas Copernicus
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Sph…
Ptolemy
Almagest
A Polish astronomer who published "On the Revolutions of the…
The major work of Nicolas Copernicus. Refuted the theory of a…
Astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that…
Ptolemy's major work which advocated a geocentric universe.
Nicolas Copernicus
A Polish astronomer who published "On the Revolutions of the…
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Sph…
The major work of Nicolas Copernicus. Refuted the theory of a…
70 terms
AP European History - Chapter 14
What was the center of the Afroeurasia…
What is a trading post to which goods…
Who is attributed with opening the doo…
What was the result of the Mongols fal…
Indian Ocean
entrepot
Mongols
economic expansions, population growth, and urbanization
What was the center of the Afroeurasia…
Indian Ocean
What is a trading post to which goods…
entrepot
AP European History Chapter 14: Reformations and Religious Wars
Martin Luther
anticlericalism
papal curia
clerical privileges and immunities
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
opposition to clergy
pope's court in Rome
priests, monks, and nuns exempt from civic responsibilities s…
Martin Luther
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
anticlericalism
opposition to clergy
AP European History (Oryshkevych): Chapter 14
The Indian Ocean
Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
The center of the Afroeurasian trade world.
Had limited violence and attempted to monopolize trade.
Became a great commercial power. It was a trading post to whi…
A Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels from 127…
The Indian Ocean
The center of the Afroeurasian trade world.
Port Cities
Had limited violence and attempted to monopolize trade.
23 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 Crossword Quiz
John Locke
natural philosophy
Versailles
sabbats
He portrayed the natural human state as one in which everyone…
There were the new ideas and methods of science that challeng…
The most elaborate baroque monument to political absolutism w…
During the witch-hunts and panic, witches were said to attend…
John Locke
He portrayed the natural human state as one in which everyone…
natural philosophy
There were the new ideas and methods of science that challeng…
9 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Flashcards
What did men and women in every period…
How did scholars interpret the sixteen…
What kind of change did the sixteenth…
What late medieval religious developme…
early Christian church represented a golden age
the background of reforming trends begun in the fourteenth ce…
religious changes that had profound social, political, and cu…
...
What did men and women in every period…
early Christian church represented a golden age
How did scholars interpret the sixteen…
the background of reforming trends begun in the fourteenth ce…
Chapter 14: European Exploration - Conquest
Conquistador
Caravel
Ptolemy's Geography
entrepot
Spanish for "conqueror" ; Spanish soldier-explorers, such as…
A small, maneuverable, three mast sailing ship developed by t…
A second-century C.E. work that synthesized the classical kno…
a trading post to which goods were shipped for storage while…
Conquistador
Spanish for "conqueror" ; Spanish soldier-explorers, such as…
Caravel
A small, maneuverable, three mast sailing ship developed by t…
51 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Reformation and Religious Wars (1500-1600)
Great Schism
John Wycliffe
Lollards
John Hus
The period between 1378 and 1417 during which there were mult…
(1328-1384) English philosophy teacher; argued there was no s…
Were originally followers of John Wycliffe (1330-1384). Activ…
(1374-1415) Czech reformer who called for the elimination of…
Great Schism
The period between 1378 and 1417 during which there were mult…
John Wycliffe
(1328-1384) English philosophy teacher; argued there was no s…
7 terms
Chapter 14 European Union
centripetal forces
centrifugal forces
Robert Schuman
common market
forces that unite people and countries
a force that divides people and countries
wanted European countries to be at peace, work together to ma…
6 countries- a group of countries that act as a single market…
centripetal forces
forces that unite people and countries
centrifugal forces
a force that divides people and countries
16 terms
Chapter 14: The European Union
Centrifugal force
centripetal force
common market
supranational cooperation
a force that divides people and countries
a force that unites people and coutries
a group of countries that acts as a single market, without tr…
a form of working together internationally in which countries…
Centrifugal force
a force that divides people and countries
centripetal force
a force that unites people and coutries
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Key Terms
Copernicus
On the Revolution of the Heavenly Sphe…
Ptolemaic System
geocentrism
developed a heliocentric solar system, wrote On the Revolution
written by Copernicus, showed his ideas and outlines for a he…
based off of Ptolemy's works, geocentric
the belief that the earth is the center of the universe
Copernicus
developed a heliocentric solar system, wrote On the Revolution
On the Revolution of the Heavenly Sphe…
written by Copernicus, showed his ideas and outlines for a he…
75 terms
AP European History- Chapter 14 Reformations and Religious Wars Vocabulary
cujos regio, ejus religio
Ulrich Zwingli
Swiss Confederation
Cantons
The ruler of the land determines the religion of the land.
Leader of Swiss Reformation.... Established theocracy (a governm…
A loose confederation of largely independent small states in…
Swiss semi-independent territories.... Each one had its own deci…
cujos regio, ejus religio
The ruler of the land determines the religion of the land.
Ulrich Zwingli
Leader of Swiss Reformation.... Established theocracy (a governm…
123 terms
Chapter 14: European Civilization Economy and Politics
Christianity
Intangible
Ultimate Civilization
Relics
The moral superiority that many Europeans felt from 1871-1914…
The _____________ (intangible/tangible) ideas of european sup…
Book written by Isaac Taylor that described the European sens…
Known as the _________ of barbarism according to Taylor, "Pol…
Christianity
The moral superiority that many Europeans felt from 1871-1914…
Intangible
The _____________ (intangible/tangible) ideas of european sup…
59 terms
European History Chatper 14
Marco Polo
God, glory, and gold
Prince Henry the Navigator
The Gold Coast
One of the most famous medieval travelers to the East; from V…
religious and secular goals in exploring; Europeans wanted mo…
(1349-1460) Explored the coast of Africa with the motives of…
the southern coast of the hump of West Africa; the Portuguese…
Marco Polo
One of the most famous medieval travelers to the East; from V…
God, glory, and gold
religious and secular goals in exploring; Europeans wanted mo…
AP European Chapter 14
Rebirth
Themes
Trajectories
Cosimo de' Medici
Term for Renaissance
1.) Specific artistic practices ... 2.) Competition between chri…
1.) Culture revolutions... 2.) European expansion to non-europea…
~Leader of Florence... ~Sponsored the Platonic Academy
Rebirth
Term for Renaissance
Themes
1.) Specific artistic practices ... 2.) Competition between chri…
AP European History Chapter 14 Vocab
Roanoke Island
Christopher Newport
Columbian Exchange
Encomienda System
An island of North Carolina's Outer Banks between Albemarle a…
Was an English seaman and privateer
The widespread exchange of peoples, plants, animals, diseases…
legal system by which the Spanish crown attempted to define t…
Roanoke Island
An island of North Carolina's Outer Banks between Albemarle a…
Christopher Newport
Was an English seaman and privateer
77 terms
AP European History, Chapter 14: Europe and the World: New Encounters
Atlantic Seaboard in the 16th Century
Motives
Fantastic Lands
Economic Motives
Center of commercial activity, raised Portugal, Spain Dutch R…
Catholic Europe was confined to one geographical area, it's o…
Many stories spoke of distant lands filled with precious ston…
Merchants, adventurers, and government officials hoped to fin…
Atlantic Seaboard in the 16th Century
Center of commercial activity, raised Portugal, Spain Dutch R…
Motives
Catholic Europe was confined to one geographical area, it's o…
European History Chapter 14 pt. 2
why was the church of England started?
Act of Supremacy
Angela Merici
Loyola
King henry the VIII wanted to get a divorce but the church wo…
king henry gained all power and became head of the English ch…
-established the Urseline order of nuns (who trained future w…
-wrote "spiritual exercises"... -formed the Society of Jesus (fo…
why was the church of England started?
King henry the VIII wanted to get a divorce but the church wo…
Act of Supremacy
king henry gained all power and became head of the English ch…
30 terms
European History AP - ch 14 Reformation
Act of Supremacy
Anglicanism
John Calvin
Consubstantiation
Declared the king the supreme head of the Church of England.
Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as define…
Theological writings profoundly influenced religious thoughts…
The bread and wine undergo a spiritual change.
Act of Supremacy
Declared the king the supreme head of the Church of England.
Anglicanism
Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as define…
60 terms
AP European History Chapter 14: Reformations and Religious Wars
Martin Luther - 3
anticlericalism - 3
papal curia - 4
clerical privileges and immunities - 4
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
opposition to clergy
pope's court in Rome
priests, monks, and nuns exempt from civic responsibilities s…
Martin Luther - 3
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
anticlericalism - 3
opposition to clergy
9 terms
AP European History -- Chapter 14 -- European Exploration and Conquest -- 1450-1650 -- Vocabulary
Conquistador
Caravel
Ptolemy's "Geography"
Treaty of Tordesillas
Spanish for "conqueror;" Spanish soldier-explorers, such as H…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
A second-century-C.E. work that synthesized the classical kno…
The 1494 agreement giving Spain everything to the west of an…
Conquistador
Spanish for "conqueror;" Spanish soldier-explorers, such as H…
Caravel
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
CHAPTER 14 AP EUROPEAN
Ptolemaic System
Geocentrism
Heliocentrism
Empiricism
The basis of which they made math calculations relating to as…
Theory composed by Ptolemy. States that earth is the center o…
Theory composed by Copernicus. States that the sun is the cen…
Created by Francis Bacon. Theory that all knowledge is from s…
Ptolemaic System
The basis of which they made math calculations relating to as…
Geocentrism
Theory composed by Ptolemy. States that earth is the center o…
23 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Wars on Religion
Causes of religious war
Henry II Wife
Francis II Wife
Catherine De Medicis, Henry II Children
Rapid spread of Calvinism and rule of Henry II
Catherine de Medicis
Mary Queen of Scots
Charles IV, Francis II, Henry III,
Causes of religious war
Rapid spread of Calvinism and rule of Henry II
Henry II Wife
Catherine de Medicis
155 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14, AP European History: Chapter 13, AP Euro
Nicolaus Copernicus
Tycho Brahe
Johannes Kepler
Galileo Galilei
-polish priest and astronomer... -"On the Revolutions of the Hea…
-does not advocate the Copernican system... -Mercury and Venus r…
-studies under Brahe... -convinced Copernican who also finds mat…
-"The Starry Messenger" and "Letters on Sunspots"... -HELIOCENTR…
Nicolaus Copernicus
-polish priest and astronomer... -"On the Revolutions of the Hea…
Tycho Brahe
-does not advocate the Copernican system... -Mercury and Venus r…
AP European History Chapter 14 Book Quiz
What precedent was set by Luther's pos…
The Munster Anabaptist believed that t…
What legislation passed by Parliament…
Which Italian writer wrote The Prince,…
The Lutheran Church would depend on the state- that is, on es…
abolished traditional marriages and allowed men to have multi…
The Act of Supremacy
Niccolo Machiavelli
What precedent was set by Luther's pos…
The Lutheran Church would depend on the state- that is, on es…
The Munster Anabaptist believed that t…
abolished traditional marriages and allowed men to have multi…
23 terms
AP European History (Chapter 14: Reformations and Religious Wars)
Anticlericalism
Indulgence
Protestant
Spanish Armada
Opposition to clergy
Document issued by Catholic Church lessening penance or time…
Name given originally to followers of Luther, which came to m…
Fleet sent by Philip II is Spain in 1588 against England as a…
Anticlericalism
Opposition to clergy
Indulgence
Document issued by Catholic Church lessening penance or time…
19 terms
Chapter 14 Supranational Cooperation in the European Union
European Union
centripetal forces
centrifugal forces
Why did the EU form?
a supranational organization through which a number of Europe…
forces that unite people and countries
forces that divide people and countries
Europeans wanted to avoid wars in the future such as World Wa…
European Union
a supranational organization through which a number of Europe…
centripetal forces
forces that unite people and countries
AP European History Chapter 14 and 15 ID's
Whig
Tory
Poor Law
A People's Charter
In Britain, they were closely linked with political liberalis…
opposed to whigs. party was opposed to parliamentary reforms.…
Able-bodied individuals would no longer receive assistance fr…
1838. demanded by the chartists, it called for: 1) universal…
Whig
In Britain, they were closely linked with political liberalis…
Tory
opposed to whigs. party was opposed to parliamentary reforms.…
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