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Study sets matching "evaluation control"

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Study sets matching "evaluation control"

21 terms
Evaluation and Control
Three phases of evaluation
Reasons for measuring effectiveness
Reasons not to measure effectiveness
Types of laboratory pre-tests
-Planning - Defining the advertising problem, product, consum…
-Avoiding costly mistakes ... -Evaluating alternative strategies…
-Cost ... -Research problems... -Disagreement on what to test ... -The…
-Consumer juries ... -Portfolio tests... -Physiological measures ... -…
Three phases of evaluation
-Planning - Defining the advertising problem, product, consum…
Reasons for measuring effectiveness
-Avoiding costly mistakes ... -Evaluating alternative strategies…
evaluation and control
strategic marketing plan success
controlling marketing plans
coordination and control issues
steering control approach
-achieving the financial & marketing objectives ... -measures: n…
1. find out what happened... 2. find out why it happened... 3. deci…
-overall performance objectives... -marketing programme performa…
1. select performance measures... 2. regularly compare actual pe…
strategic marketing plan success
-achieving the financial & marketing objectives ... -measures: n…
controlling marketing plans
1. find out what happened... 2. find out why it happened... 3. deci…
41 terms
Evaluating controls
COSO control framework: necessary elem…
Purpose of the framework
control environment
Risk assessment
1. Control environment... 2. risk assessment... 3. control activiti…
to help mango better control the organization and to provide…
the set of standards, processes and structures that provide t…
involves a dynamic and iterative process for identifying and…
COSO control framework: necessary elem…
1. Control environment... 2. risk assessment... 3. control activiti…
Purpose of the framework
to help mango better control the organization and to provide…
47 terms
Evaluation of Motor Control
Motor Control
Sprouting
Why Evaluate motor control?
Plasticity
ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct body…
new synapse or new axonal processes
See where client is at to write appropriate goals.
Actual brain changes that allow brain to develop new connecti…
Motor Control
ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct body…
Sprouting
new synapse or new axonal processes
29 terms
Evaluation of Motor Control
Motor Control is
What are the necessary components of m…
__ is very important in rehab b/c it a…
Assessments used for motor control
ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct body…
normal muscle tone, normal postural tone/mechanisms, selectiv…
neuroplasticity
o Graded Wolf Motor Function Test (GWMFT): measure functional…
Motor Control is
ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct body…
What are the necessary components of m…
normal muscle tone, normal postural tone/mechanisms, selectiv…
14 terms
Interventions and Evaluation of Trunk Control
How do we evaluate trunk control?
How do evaluate trunk in a variety of…
What is a quick simple standardized as…
What are the steps of the trunk contro…
have the client sit on the therapy mat, look at scapular alig…
ADLs, but also dynamic and static sitting balance.
the trunk control test
1. roll from supine to the weak side... 2. roll from supine to t…
How do we evaluate trunk control?
have the client sit on the therapy mat, look at scapular alig…
How do evaluate trunk in a variety of…
ADLs, but also dynamic and static sitting balance.
22 terms
Trunk control: evaluation and intervention
is the link between the body segments:
*loss of trunk control
trunk muscular systems include:
abdominal wall
the head and neck segment... the UE segment... the LE segments... uppe…
the ado-UE and LE dysfxn... -increased risk for falls... -increased…
-abdominal wall... -rectus abdominis... -obliques: internal and ext…
-abdominal viscera support... -respiration assistance... -trunk con…
is the link between the body segments:
the head and neck segment... the UE segment... the LE segments... uppe…
*loss of trunk control
the ado-UE and LE dysfxn... -increased risk for falls... -increased…
29 terms
Evaluation of Motor Control Dysfunction
Spasticity
Reflex testing
Test for grasp reflex
Test for flexor withdrawal reflex
Evaluated by the solicitation of velocity dependent stretch r…
Used to evaluate involuntary stereotyped responses to a parti…
Stimulus: pressure to palm of hand; response: finger flexion…
Stimulus: stimuli to sole of the foot; response: flexion of s…
Spasticity
Evaluated by the solicitation of velocity dependent stretch r…
Reflex testing
Used to evaluate involuntary stereotyped responses to a parti…
6 terms
Project evaluation and control
It is so that key stakeholders are inf…
The project coordination and relations…
Critical success factors
1. Project mission... 2. Top management s…
Why use a project report?
What are the human factors in the project evaluation & control?
What does CSF stand for?
What are critical success factors?
It is so that key stakeholders are inf…
Why use a project report?
The project coordination and relations…
What are the human factors in the project evaluation & control?
40 terms
CH 11 Evaluation and Control
Evaluation and Control Process
Evaluation and Control Process
Performance
Steering controls
Ensure that the company is achieving what is set out to accom…
1. Determine what to measure ... 2. Establish predetermined stan…
Is the end result of activity
Predict measures of profitability and its variables of future…
Evaluation and Control Process
Ensure that the company is achieving what is set out to accom…
Evaluation and Control Process
1. Determine what to measure ... 2. Establish predetermined stan…
47 terms
Chapter 11: Evaluation and Control
Performance
steering controls
examples of steering controls
Controls
The end result of activity
developed measures that predict likely profitability. They me…
inventory turnover ratio, customer satisfaction
can be established to focus on actual performance results (ou…
Performance
The end result of activity
steering controls
developed measures that predict likely profitability. They me…
23 terms
Evaluation of Motor Control
Sprouting
Unmasking
Upper Motor Neuron
Lower Motor Neuron
one dendrite sprouts and grows to connect to another
when less used pathways become more involved after primary pa…
brain --> spinal cord; reins; injury to UMN affects LMN
spinal cord --> muscles, work horse
Sprouting
one dendrite sprouts and grows to connect to another
Unmasking
when less used pathways become more involved after primary pa…
Evaluation of Control-Balance Theory
Tittle's idea crime restores a sense o…
Studies such as Delisi and Hochstetler…
Barlow and Kauzlarich (2010:151) expla…
However studies showed that both contr…
Consistent with other theories that emphasis the role of crim…
Supported the concept that imbalances in control can lead to…
Truly general, as it able to explain both white-collar and tr…
Associated with deviance, regardless of whether it was repres…
Tittle's idea crime restores a sense o…
Consistent with other theories that emphasis the role of crim…
Studies such as Delisi and Hochstetler…
Supported the concept that imbalances in control can lead to…
18 terms
Ch. 10 Evaluation and Control
Behavior controls
Output controls
Input controls
Activity-based costing (ABC)
Specify how something is to be done through policies, rules,…
Specify what is to e accomplished by focusing on the end resu…
Focus on resources, such as knowledge, skills, abilities, val…
A new accounting method for allocating indirect and fixed cos…
Behavior controls
Specify how something is to be done through policies, rules,…
Output controls
Specify what is to e accomplished by focusing on the end resu…
Evaluation of Self-Control Theory
Empirical tests generally support the…
Pratt & Cullen 2000 conducted a...
However self-control appears...
It seems unlikely that...
Low self-control is related to criminal involvement
Meta-analysis of existing studies and found self-control to b…
Overstated in places
Individual differences in self-control established in early l…
Empirical tests generally support the…
Low self-control is related to criminal involvement
Pratt & Cullen 2000 conducted a...
Meta-analysis of existing studies and found self-control to b…
30 terms
Internal Control Evaluation
Three phases of internal control evalu…
Why assess control risk?
What do you do after obtaining an unde…
Can control risk be low or less than m…
Phase 1; Understand and document internal controls... Phase 2: A…
Determine nature, timing, and extent... Determine tradeoff betwe…
Design a preliminary program of substantive procedures for au…
No = Assess high or maximum control risk and design for more…
Three phases of internal control evalu…
Phase 1; Understand and document internal controls... Phase 2: A…
Why assess control risk?
Determine nature, timing, and extent... Determine tradeoff betwe…
34 terms
Evaluation of Motor Control
What are the 4 components to motor con…
Anatomic and electrophysiologic change…
Includes any nerve cell body or nerve…
The lower motor neuron system includes…
1. muscle tone... 2. postural tone... 3.selective movement... 4. coord…
neuroplasticity
upper motor neuron system
anterior horn cells, spinal nerves, cranial nerve 3, canal ne…
What are the 4 components to motor con…
1. muscle tone... 2. postural tone... 3.selective movement... 4. coord…
Anatomic and electrophysiologic change…
neuroplasticity
38 terms
Evaluation of Disorders of Motor Control
Motor Control
Normal Muscle Tone
Upper Motor Neuron System (UMNS)
Lower Motor Neuron System
-ability to make dynamic postural adjustments & direct moveme…
-Continuous state of mild contraction "preparedness" - resist…
Any nerve cell body or nerve fiber in the spinal cord (other…
-Anterior horn cells of the spinal cord... -Spinal nerves... -Nucle…
Motor Control
-ability to make dynamic postural adjustments & direct moveme…
Normal Muscle Tone
-Continuous state of mild contraction "preparedness" - resist…
43 terms
project evaluation and control management
What are 3 important aspects of projec…
What are 2 main tasks of monitoring an…
What is monitoring and controlling pro…
What is the main purpose of scope cont…
-what information concerning the project should be measured?…
- monitoring and controlling project work which involves coll…
- comparing actual project performance against project manage…
preventing scope creep
What are 3 important aspects of projec…
-what information concerning the project should be measured?…
What are 2 main tasks of monitoring an…
- monitoring and controlling project work which involves coll…
58 terms
Chapter 13 Project Evaluation and Control
A) Setting a goal.
B) An accurate work breakdown structure.
C) What to measure.
D) Gap analysis.
1) The first step in the control cycle is:... A) Setting a goal.…
2) Project goal setting includes setting a baseline plan, whi…
3) Measurement mechanisms should include a clear definition o…
4) A measurement process that determines the project goals an…
A) Setting a goal.
1) The first step in the control cycle is:... A) Setting a goal.…
B) An accurate work breakdown structure.
2) Project goal setting includes setting a baseline plan, whi…
12 terms
English controls 3 evaluation
Apartment
Block of flats
Bungalow
Cottage
Apartamento
BLoque de pisos
Bungalow
Casa de campo
Apartment
Apartamento
Block of flats
BLoque de pisos
10 terms
Strategic Implementation/Evaluation and Controll
Resource Allocation
Implementation
Influences on implementation
Action plan
- budget... - allocation for growth strategies... - allocation to e…
- depends on strategy... - should evolve over time due to changi…
- strategy... - business culture/structure... - resources... - HRM... - l…
- Gantt Charts... - What has to be done... - who is responsible for…
Resource Allocation
- budget... - allocation for growth strategies... - allocation to e…
Implementation
- depends on strategy... - should evolve over time due to changi…
18 terms
Evaluation of DL controls
Enabling Act +
Enabling Act -
Delegated powers scrutiny committee +
Delegated powers scrutiny committee -
- Sets powers... - Boundaries inc need for consultation... - Revoke…
- Gives wide powers
- Looks at proposals before enacted... - Ensures only appropriat…
- No power to amend, only report... - Ignored often
Enabling Act +
- Sets powers... - Boundaries inc need for consultation... - Revoke…
Enabling Act -
- Gives wide powers
43 terms
Evaluation of motor control ota 223
Postural mechanism
Components of normal postural mechanism
Hypo tonicity
Hyper tonicity
automatic, involuntary movements that together provide stabil…
-normal postural tone (neck, trunk & limb girdles) high enoug…
-muscles feel soft... -offer little resistance... -limb feels heavy…
-increased resistance to passive stretch... -mild: full ROM but…
Postural mechanism
automatic, involuntary movements that together provide stabil…
Components of normal postural mechanism
-normal postural tone (neck, trunk & limb girdles) high enoug…
53 terms
Motor Performance and Evaluation of Motor Control
Motor Control
Necessary components for motor control
Cerebellum
Motor relearning
Ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct body…
Normal muscle tone (not too high or low)... Normal postural tone…
Precisely regulates sequence and duration of each elementary…
Unmasking... Sprouting
Motor Control
Ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct body…
Necessary components for motor control
Normal muscle tone (not too high or low)... Normal postural tone…
43 terms
Evaluation of motor control ota 223
Postural mechanism
Components of normal postural mechanism
Hypo tonicity
Hyper tonicity
automatic, involuntary movements that together provide stabil…
-normal postural tone (neck, trunk & limb girdles) high enoug…
-muscles feel soft... -offer little resistance... -limb feels heavy…
-increased resistance to passive stretch... -mild: full ROM but…
Postural mechanism
automatic, involuntary movements that together provide stabil…
Components of normal postural mechanism
-normal postural tone (neck, trunk & limb girdles) high enoug…
29 terms
D3: Controlling and evaluating
Steps of evaluating
Outcome-oriented
Process-oriented
Technical skill
1) establish qualitative/quantitative standards... 2) measure pe…
End result/consequence of program, change in attitude, knowle…
Did the process produce the desired results
understanding of and proficiency in a specific kind of activi…
Steps of evaluating
1) establish qualitative/quantitative standards... 2) measure pe…
Outcome-oriented
End result/consequence of program, change in attitude, knowle…
70 terms
Evaluation of Motor Control & Motor Learning
- How the CNS organizes movement... - How…
Components necessary for motor control…
- Anatomical and electrophysiological…
Components that underlie motor control…
Motor control
- Normal typical muscle tone... - Normal typical postural tone a…
Neuroplasticity
- Muscle tone... - Postural tone and postural mechanism... - Reflex…
- How the CNS organizes movement... - How…
Motor control
Components necessary for motor control…
- Normal typical muscle tone... - Normal typical postural tone a…
43 terms
Chapter 13 Project Evaluation and Control
A) Setting a goal.
B) An accurate work breakdown structure.
C) What to measure.
D) Gap analysis.
1) The first step in the control cycle is:... A) Setting a goal.…
2) Project goal setting includes setting a baseline plan, whi…
3) Measurement mechanisms should include a clear definition o…
4) A measurement process that determines the project goals an…
A) Setting a goal.
1) The first step in the control cycle is:... A) Setting a goal.…
B) An accurate work breakdown structure.
2) Project goal setting includes setting a baseline plan, whi…
8 terms
Chemistry Controlled Assessment- Evaluative
Rules for table
NO2- ions are oxidised to NO3-... MnO4- i…
Using the half equations, construct a…
Determine the ratio of MnO4- to NO2-
- figures in table must be to 2d.p. with the 2 either 0 or 5…
NO2- + H2O --> NO3- + 2H+ + 2e-... MnO4- + 8H+ + 5e- --> Mn2+ +…
5NO2+ + 2MnO4- + 6H+ --> 5NO3- +2Mn2+ + 3H2O
1 : 2.5
Rules for table
- figures in table must be to 2d.p. with the 2 either 0 or 5…
NO2- ions are oxidised to NO3-... MnO4- i…
NO2- + H2O --> NO3- + 2H+ + 2e-... MnO4- + 8H+ + 5e- --> Mn2+ +…
28 terms
Internal Control Evaluation: Assessing Control Risk
Management responsibilities
reporting on internal control
COSO
Treadway Commission
-must report on internal control... -identify framework used(COS…
issuers only(PUBLIC ENTITIES)
Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the National Commiss…
another name for COSO
Management responsibilities
-must report on internal control... -identify framework used(COS…
reporting on internal control
issuers only(PUBLIC ENTITIES)
11 terms
Biology Controlled Assessment- Evaluative
Why should peas of similar size be use…
Why should this experiment be carried…
After three repeats of the experiment,…
Why should we repeat experiments?
Surface area must be similar/same so accurate comparison can…
To prevent the contamination of unwanted microbes onto agar p…
- not all colonies were counted accurately (double count or o…
Results are more reliable, this allows accurate identificatio…
Why should peas of similar size be use…
Surface area must be similar/same so accurate comparison can…
Why should this experiment be carried…
To prevent the contamination of unwanted microbes onto agar p…
Biology Controlled Assessment- Evaluative
Why should peas of similar size be use…
Why should this experiment be carried…
After three repeats of the experiment,…
Why should we repeat experiments?
Surface area must be similar/same so accurate comparison can…
To prevent the contamination of unwanted microbes onto agar p…
- not all colonies were counted accurately (double count or o…
Results are more reliable, this allows accurate identificatio…
Why should peas of similar size be use…
Surface area must be similar/same so accurate comparison can…
Why should this experiment be carried…
To prevent the contamination of unwanted microbes onto agar p…
33 terms
Chapter 10 Promotion and evaluation and control
What is promotion?
Promotion
Ways to promote (Mass appeals)
Personal selling/direct marketing
Marketer-initiated communications directed to target market
Customer awareness of a product or brand, Generating sales, C…
messages aimed to many prospective customers at the same time…
direct interaction between company rep and prospective custom…
What is promotion?
Marketer-initiated communications directed to target market
Promotion
Customer awareness of a product or brand, Generating sales, C…
65 terms
Evaluation of Motor Control- Test 2
Motor Control
Motor Learning
Neuroplasticity
Normal Postural mechanisms
ability to make dynamic changes in response of body and limb…
degree to which a task has been learned - described in depth
ability of CNS to adapt and lead to changes after injury,etc.
righting reactions, equilibrium reaction, protective response
Motor Control
ability to make dynamic changes in response of body and limb…
Motor Learning
degree to which a task has been learned - described in depth
26 terms
12 - Evaluation of Motor Control Dysfunction
Ashworth, normal, severe
minimal, severe
intention tremor
grasp
Spasiticity is objectively measured through the ______ scale,…
Quick stretch can be used to test spasticity; it will get a g…
worsening of action tremor as the limb approaches a target in…
stim: pressure to palm of hand... R: finger flexion that resists…
Ashworth, normal, severe
Spasiticity is objectively measured through the ______ scale,…
minimal, severe
Quick stretch can be used to test spasticity; it will get a g…
16 terms
Audit (Internal Control Evaluation) - 8
Responsibility for Internal Control
Responsibility for Internal Control: M…
COSO
Treadway Commission
1. Management... 2. Auditors
- Management must report on internal control in addition to c…
Committee of Sponsoring Organizations
National Commission of Fraudulent Financial Reporting
Responsibility for Internal Control
1. Management... 2. Auditors
Responsibility for Internal Control: M…
- Management must report on internal control in addition to c…
13 terms
Internal Control Evaluation: Assessing Control Risk
______ of issuers must report on inter…
Management's report on internal contro…
______ must provide opinion on the eff…
As an issuer, you have to ______ _____…
Managers
Mgmt's responsibility of internal control, identification of…
Auditors... NOTE: This report does not need to be separate from…
Tests controls; tests of controls and substantive procedures
______ of issuers must report on inter…
Managers
Management's report on internal contro…
Mgmt's responsibility of internal control, identification of…
39 terms
Ch. 19- Evaluation of motor control
What is an important concept in neurol…
What is the anatomical and electrophys…
Because of what, the CNS is able to re…
Motor learning can occur in what 2 ways?
Plasticity
Neuroplasticity
Neuroplasticity
1) unmasking... 2) sprouting
What is an important concept in neurol…
Plasticity
What is the anatomical and electrophys…
Neuroplasticity
22 terms
1. Evaluation of Randomized Controlled Trials
The hierarchy of evidence
Key Questions to Consider
Assessing Study Validity
In the Beginning
-Analyze all study (systemic reviews)... -Is Reading the Abstrac…
1.Can I believe this study?... 2.How important are the results?…
From start to finish... -The beginning, the middle, and the end…
What to look for?... -Groups should be the same in all aspects e…
The hierarchy of evidence
-Analyze all study (systemic reviews)... -Is Reading the Abstrac…
Key Questions to Consider
1.Can I believe this study?... 2.How important are the results?…
60 terms
Motor Performance & Evaluation of Motor Control
Motor control
Necessary components
Complex neurological systems that coll…
Cerebral cortex
"The ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct…
Normal muscle tone... Normal postural tone and postural mechanis…
Cerebral cortex... Basal ganglia... Cerebellum
memory, attention, perceptual awareness (sensory awareness),…
Motor control
"The ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct…
Necessary components
Normal muscle tone... Normal postural tone and postural mechanis…
39 terms
Ch. 19- Evaluation of motor control
What is an important concept in neurol…
What is the anatomical and electrophys…
Because of what, the CNS is able to re…
Motor learning can occur in what 2 ways?
Plasticity
Neuroplasticity
Neuroplasticity
1) unmasking... 2) sprouting
What is an important concept in neurol…
Plasticity
What is the anatomical and electrophys…
Neuroplasticity
38 terms
Periodontal Evaluation and Biofilm Control - Do
What is the most important factor in r…
What are the components for risk asses…
clinical examination
Where does biofilm typically accumulate?
hygiene habits
medical, social, family, dental history
extra and intraoral exam... perio exam... dental exam
gingival margins and concave areas... disclosing agent isn't ver…
What is the most important factor in r…
hygiene habits
What are the components for risk asses…
medical, social, family, dental history
29 terms
NBCOT, Neurological Approaches; Evaluation of Motor Control Dysfunction
Spasticity... Ashworth Scale (1-5)... Modifi…
Reflex testing
Test for grasp reflex... Gestation?... Integ…
Test for flexor withdrawal reflex... Gest…
Evaluated by the solicitation of velocity dependent stretch r…
Used to evaluate involuntary stereotype responses to a partic…
Stimulus: pressure to palm of hand; response: finger flexion…
Stimulus: stimuli to sole of the foot; response: flexion of s…
Spasticity... Ashworth Scale (1-5)... Modifi…
Evaluated by the solicitation of velocity dependent stretch r…
Reflex testing
Used to evaluate involuntary stereotype responses to a partic…
29 terms
Chapter 5 - Risk Assessment: Internal Control Evaluation
internal control designed to achieve m…
reasonable assurance
integrated audit process
control environment factors
reliability of financial statements, effectiveness and effici…
the cost of controls should not exceed the benefits that are…
...
integrity, ethical values, and competence of the entity's peo…
internal control designed to achieve m…
reliability of financial statements, effectiveness and effici…
reasonable assurance
the cost of controls should not exceed the benefits that are…
38 terms
Ch 5: Risk Assessment: Internal Control Evaluation
Internal Control Defined
Limitations of Internal Control
Responsibility for Internal Control
COSO
Internal control is a process, effected by an entity's board…
-Human error... -Collusion... -Management override... -Cost/benefit an…
-Management's responsibility... -Responsibility for establishin…
-Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the National Commis…
Internal Control Defined
Internal control is a process, effected by an entity's board…
Limitations of Internal Control
-Human error... -Collusion... -Management override... -Cost/benefit an…
16 terms
Ch. 5 Risk Assessment: Internal Control Evaluation
SOX emphasizes the design and operatin…
Internal cokntrols, defined by COSO re…
Limitations to internal controls syste…
Reasonable assurance recognizes that t…
...
It is a process effected by entity's board, management and ot…
Human error, deliberate circumvention by people in the system…
Control is a process, a means to ends (ie management objectiv…
SOX emphasizes the design and operatin…
...
Internal cokntrols, defined by COSO re…
It is a process effected by entity's board, management and ot…
12 terms
CH 5 Risk Assessment and Internal Control Evaluation
internal control
limitations on internal control
mgmt responsibility
auditors responsibility
process, effected by an entity's board of directions, mgmt, a…
human error... collusion... mgmt override... cost/benefit analysis (tr…
establishing and maintaining IC and assessing and reporting o…
audit and issue an opinion on the effectiveness of IC... evaluat…
internal control
process, effected by an entity's board of directions, mgmt, a…
limitations on internal control
human error... collusion... mgmt override... cost/benefit analysis (tr…
26 terms
Ch.5 Risk Assessment: Internal Control Evaluation
Adverse opinion(internal control over…
Audit committee
Business risk
Control procedures
Opinion issued when the company has not maintained an effecti…
A subcommittee of the board of directors that is generally co…
Those factors, events, and conditions that could prevent the…
Specific actions taken by a client's management and employees…
Adverse opinion(internal control over…
Opinion issued when the company has not maintained an effecti…
Audit committee
A subcommittee of the board of directors that is generally co…
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