How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "evidence chapter 11"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "evidence chapter 11"

22 terms
Chapter 11 Evidence of Evolution
Mass Extinction
Biogeography
Comparative morphology
Georges Cuvier
Simultaneous loss of many lineages from Earth
Study of patterns in the geographic distribution of species a…
Scientific study of anatomical patterns in body plans
Proposed that catastrophic geologic forces unlike those of th…
Mass Extinction
Simultaneous loss of many lineages from Earth
Biogeography
Study of patterns in the geographic distribution of species a…
19 terms
Biological Evidence Chapter 11
Anabolic steroids
Analgesic
Chromatography
Confirmation
Steroids that promote muscle growth
A substance that lessens or eliminates pain
Any several analytical techniques for separating organic or c…
A single test that specifically identifies a substance
Anabolic steroids
Steroids that promote muscle growth
Analgesic
A substance that lessens or eliminates pain
18 terms
Chapter 11: Evidence of Evolution
Biogeography
Comparative Morphology
Georges Cuvier
Adaption
Study of patterns in the geographic distribution of species a…
The study of anatomical patterns and body plans
known for establishing extinction as a fact with his theory o…
A heritable trait that enhances an individual's fitness in a…
Biogeography
Study of patterns in the geographic distribution of species a…
Comparative Morphology
The study of anatomical patterns and body plans
15 terms
Chapter 11 Evidence
Evidence
Friendly
Neutral
Types of Evidence
-Never get enough evidence to convince audience.... - Act or eve…
-Is one that already supports an advocate's position on a cla…
- The class supposed to be neutral.... -Not argue with the speak…
-Precedent... -Statistical... -Testimonial... -Hearsay... -Common knowledge
Evidence
-Never get enough evidence to convince audience.... - Act or eve…
Friendly
-Is one that already supports an advocate's position on a cla…
28 terms
Chapter 11 Chemical Evidence
Analytical Chemistry
Anion
Atom
Cation
The branch of modern chemistry that deals with the separation…
A negatively charged ion.
The basic chemical unit of an element that retains the chemic…
A positively charged ion.
Analytical Chemistry
The branch of modern chemistry that deals with the separation…
Anion
A negatively charged ion.
12 terms
Chapter 11 Document Evidence
individual
individualizing
erasers
underlying
One of the major functions of the questioned-document examine…
The differences in the characteristics of an individual's han…
Document examiners often determine the presence of alteration…
Indented writings occur when a sheet of paper is _________ th…
individual
One of the major functions of the questioned-document examine…
individualizing
The differences in the characteristics of an individual's han…
75 terms
Chapter 11 Evidence of Evolution
An asteroid 45 meters (150 feet) wide
Mass extinction
naturalists
biogeography
created the mile-wide Barringer Crater in Arizona 50,000 year…
simultaneous loss of many lineages from Earth
by late 1800's ... were seeing patterns with species habitats…
study of patterns in the geographic distribution of species a…
An asteroid 45 meters (150 feet) wide
created the mile-wide Barringer Crater in Arizona 50,000 year…
Mass extinction
simultaneous loss of many lineages from Earth
16 terms
Chapter 11 Evidence of Evolution
Biogeography
Comparative Morphology
Fossil
Evolution
The study of past and present geographical distribution of sp…
The study of Anatomical patterns: Similarities and difference…
Physical evidence (remains or traces) of an organism that liv…
A theory that explains how random changes in genetic material…
Biogeography
The study of past and present geographical distribution of sp…
Comparative Morphology
The study of Anatomical patterns: Similarities and difference…
20 terms
Chapter 11 Evidence for Evolution
An adaptation is an inherited trait th…
Each branch of a cladogram represents…
Species that share more similarities i…
Darwin concluded that the mechanism fo…
true
false: different
true
false: natural selection
An adaptation is an inherited trait th…
true
Each branch of a cladogram represents…
false: different
24 terms
Chapter 11 Documentary Evidence
Documentary Evidence
Evidentiary "Document"
Investigating Documents
4 Non-Destructive Techniques
may indicate motive, provide leads, question authenticity
almost anything, not just paper ... EX. licenses, checks, insura…
use photographs, lighting techniques, microscopy, chemical an…
1. Ultraviolet Light (UV)... 2. Infrared Light (IR)... 3. Oblique L…
Documentary Evidence
may indicate motive, provide leads, question authenticity
Evidentiary "Document"
almost anything, not just paper ... EX. licenses, checks, insura…
27 terms
Chapter 11: Disclosing and Suppressing Evidence
aerial search
affidavit
alibi defense
consent search
a search conducted from an aircraft, usually a helicopter or…
a written statement of facts, which the signer swears under o…
a defense alleging that the defendant was elsewhere at the ti…
a person, place, or moveables may be lawfully searched by an…
aerial search
a search conducted from an aircraft, usually a helicopter or…
affidavit
a written statement of facts, which the signer swears under o…
20 terms
Disclosing and Suppressing Evidence Chapter 11
Discovery
Excuplatory evidence
impeachment evidence
Reciprocal disclosure
the formal or informal exchange of information between prosec…
is any evidence that may be favorable to the defendant at tri…
is any evidence that would cast doubt on the credibility of a…
-automatic discovery for certain types of evidence, without t…
Discovery
the formal or informal exchange of information between prosec…
Excuplatory evidence
is any evidence that may be favorable to the defendant at tri…
Chapter 11: Evolution: Evidence and Theory
Strata
Acquired Trait
Decent With Modification
Natural Selection
Rock layers; strata are formed as new layers of rock are depo…
Organisms could acquire traits during their lifetimes as a re…
Used to describe the process of evolution
Process by which individuals that are better adapted to their…
Strata
Rock layers; strata are formed as new layers of rock are depo…
Acquired Trait
Organisms could acquire traits during their lifetimes as a re…
20 terms
Bio Chapter 11: Evidence of Evolution
biogeography
mass extinction
comparative morphology
evolution
study of patterns in the geographic distribution of species a…
simultaneous loss of many lineages from Earth
the scientific study of anatomical patterns in body plans
change in a line of descent
biogeography
study of patterns in the geographic distribution of species a…
mass extinction
simultaneous loss of many lineages from Earth
32 terms
Chapter 11: Disclosing and Suppressing Evidence
Aerial Searches
Affidavit
Alibi Defense
Attenuation
...
...
...
...
Aerial Searches
...
Affidavit
...
evidence based practice chapter 11
Statistical techniques
Descriptive statistics are
Inferential statistics are
Probability theory
are analysis procedures used to examine, reduce, and give mea…
summary statistics that allow the researcher to organize data…
designed to address objectives, questions, and hypotheses in…
is used to explain the extent of a relationship, the probabil…
Statistical techniques
are analysis procedures used to examine, reduce, and give mea…
Descriptive statistics are
summary statistics that allow the researcher to organize data…
20 terms
Chapter 11 Disclosing and Suppressing Evidence
Discovery
Exculpatory evidence
Impeachment evidence
Reciprocal disclosure
The informal and formal exchange of information between prose…
Evidence that would cast doubt on a defendant's guilt or redu…
Evidence that would cast doubt on the credibility of a witness
Automatic discovery for certain types of evidence, without th…
Discovery
The informal and formal exchange of information between prose…
Exculpatory evidence
Evidence that would cast doubt on a defendant's guilt or redu…
43 terms
Chapter 11: Disclosing and suppressing evidence
What is discovery?
Who has the burden of discover?
T/F: There is no general constitutiona…
Exculpatory evidence
Informal and formal exchange of information between parties
Prosecutor
True
-Evidence favorable to defendant ... -Can cast doubt on guilt... -M…
What is discovery?
Informal and formal exchange of information between parties
Who has the burden of discover?
Prosecutor
26 terms
Forensics Chapter 11: Trace Evidence
Trace Evidence
Fibers
Human hair
Anagen
Transferred between individuals or subjects during a crime. M…
Long strands of various materials
composed of the cuticle (outer surface) , the cortex which co…
Growth phase, root attached to follicle
Trace Evidence
Transferred between individuals or subjects during a crime. M…
Fibers
Long strands of various materials
15 terms
FS - Chapter 11 Trace Evidence I: Hairs and Fibers
anagen phase
catagen phase
cortex
cuticle
the initial growth phase during which the hair follicle activ…
a trasition stage between the anagen and telogen phases of ha…
the main body of the hair shaft
the scale structure covering the exterior of the hair
anagen phase
the initial growth phase during which the hair follicle activ…
catagen phase
a trasition stage between the anagen and telogen phases of ha…
22 terms
Earth Science 9 - Chapter 11 Evidence about Earth's Past
amber
body fossil
cast
fossilization
fossilized tree sap
fossilized remains of a long-dead organism
mold filled with sediment that has hardened to create a repli…
any process by which remains or traces of once-living organis…
amber
fossilized tree sap
body fossil
fossilized remains of a long-dead organism
18 terms
Chapter 11: Employ Evidence-Based Practice
IOM Competency: Employ Evidence-Based…
Research Approaches
National Institute of Nursing Research…
The Steps in the Research Process
Critical Elements: research findings, clinical expertise, pat…
basic and applied ... basic- knowledge broadens... applied- solutio…
focuses on current research priorities
-plan or proposal ... -research problem statement (review the li…
IOM Competency: Employ Evidence-Based…
Critical Elements: research findings, clinical expertise, pat…
Research Approaches
basic and applied ... basic- knowledge broadens... applied- solutio…
17 terms
PCC Rules of Evidence- Chapter 11
Administrative Functions
Special needs of government
Special needs
Lower
What functions include screening at airports and courthouses…
What is the basic government requirements of safety, health,…
Searches and seizures no conducted for the purpose of crimina…
SCOTUS set a much _____( lower, higher) standard for search w…
Administrative Functions
What functions include screening at airports and courthouses…
Special needs of government
What is the basic government requirements of safety, health,…
15 terms
Chapter 11: Comparative Evidence for Human and Nonhuman Cumulative Cultures.
Culture:
Cumulative Culture:
Tomasello used the metaphor of the "ra…
Social enhancement:
(the comparison of the cultural capabilities of humans and ot…
"the modification, over multiple transmission episodes, of cu…
"the process of cumulative cultural evolution requires not on…
when there is a potential danger, you become constrained/dise…
Culture:
(the comparison of the cultural capabilities of humans and ot…
Cumulative Culture:
"the modification, over multiple transmission episodes, of cu…
9 terms
Chapter 11 terms : Overview of Evidence based practice
Systematic reviews
Evidence based medicine
Position statements
Clinical practice guidelines
are the observational studies designed to retrieve and weigh…
The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of concurrent b…
documents written by groups of experts that represent the off…
statements and recommendations developed by groups of experts…
Systematic reviews
are the observational studies designed to retrieve and weigh…
Evidence based medicine
The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of concurrent b…
22 terms
Chapter 11: Being Credible and Using Evidence
source credibility
competence
trustworthiness
dynamism
the audience's perception of your effectiveness as a speaker
the degree to which the speaker is perceived as skilled, reli…
the degree to which the speaker is perceived as honest, fair,…
the extent to which the speaker is perceived as bold, active,…
source credibility
the audience's perception of your effectiveness as a speaker
competence
the degree to which the speaker is perceived as skilled, reli…
39 terms
CJL 3510- Chapter 11 Disclosing and Suppressing Evidence
discovery
rules requiring disclosure
discovery of exculpatory evidence
Brady v. Maryland
informal and formal exchange of information between parties... e…
no general constitutional right to discovery in a criminal ca…
favorable to defendant case doubt on guilt, mitigate culpabil…
suppression of evidence violates 14th amen. due process... mater…
discovery
informal and formal exchange of information between parties... e…
rules requiring disclosure
no general constitutional right to discovery in a criminal ca…
28 terms
Chapter 11: Being Credible and Using Evidence
analogy
bibliographical reference
celebrity testimony
common ground
a comparison of some respects, especially position and functi…
complete citations that appear in the "references" or "works…
statements made by a public figure who is known to the audience
the degree to which the speaker's values, beliefs, attitudes,…
analogy
a comparison of some respects, especially position and functi…
bibliographical reference
complete citations that appear in the "references" or "works…
41 terms
Chapter 11: Using Samples to Provide Evidence
Objectives
Accessible population
Anonymity
Assent
-Identify the basic concepts associated with sampling.... -Diffe…
The group of elements to which the researcher has reasonable…
Keeping the names of subjects separate from data so that no o…
Permission given by children to participate in research.
Objectives
-Identify the basic concepts associated with sampling.... -Diffe…
Accessible population
The group of elements to which the researcher has reasonable…
11 terms
Chapter 11: Audit evidence and common audit procedures
audit evidence needs to be...
factors affecting reliability of evide…
observation
physical examination
-sufficient... -competent (relevant and reliable)
-independence of provider... -degree of auditor's direct observa…
-when auditors physically observe various client activities... -…
-auditors physically examining tangible assets such as invent…
audit evidence needs to be...
-sufficient... -competent (relevant and reliable)
factors affecting reliability of evide…
-independence of provider... -degree of auditor's direct observa…
39 terms
CJL 3510- Chapter 11 Disclosing and Suppressing Evidence
discovery
rules requiring disclosure
discovery of exculpatory evidence
Brady v. Maryland
informal and formal exchange of information between parties... e…
no general constitutional right to discovery in a criminal ca…
favorable to defendant case doubt on guilt, mitigate culpabil…
suppression of evidence violates 14th amen. due process... mater…
discovery
informal and formal exchange of information between parties... e…
rules requiring disclosure
no general constitutional right to discovery in a criminal ca…
Criminal Evidence Quiz Chapter 11
Under the Fourth Amendment, relaxed se…
Drug testing of police officers can ge…
The U.S. Supreme Court has specificall…
Probationers and parolees have less Fo…
True
True
False
True
Under the Fourth Amendment, relaxed se…
True
Drug testing of police officers can ge…
True
39 terms
CJL 3510- Chapter 11 Disclosing and Suppressing Evidence
discovery
rules requiring disclosure
discovery of exculpatory evidence
Brady v. Maryland
informal and formal exchange of information between parties... e…
no general constitutional right to discovery in a criminal ca…
favorable to defendant case doubt on guilt, mitigate culpabil…
suppression of evidence violates 14th amen. due process... mater…
discovery
informal and formal exchange of information between parties... e…
rules requiring disclosure
no general constitutional right to discovery in a criminal ca…
15 terms
Chapter 11: Employ Evidence Based Practice
Evidence-Based Management (EBM)
evidence-based practice (EBP)
IOM Core Competency: Evidence-Based Pr…
Research
use of evidence such as research to support management decisi…
-the integration of the best evidence into clinical practice,…
-EBM... -Nursing Research... -EBP and quality improvement... -Tools fo…
Investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and i…
Evidence-Based Management (EBM)
use of evidence such as research to support management decisi…
evidence-based practice (EBP)
-the integration of the best evidence into clinical practice,…
24 terms
CHAPTER 11(10): Using samples to provide evidence
Population
Elements
Subjects
Sampling plan
The entire group of elements that meet study criteria.
Basic unit of the population
When elements are people.
Plan to determine how the sample will be selected and recruited
Population
The entire group of elements that meet study criteria.
Elements
Basic unit of the population
66 terms
Ch 11 Disclosing and Suppressing Evidence
aerial search
affidavit
alibi defense
consent search
a search conducted from an aircraft, usually a helicopter or…
a written statement of facts, which the signer swears under o…
a defense alleging that the defendant was elsewhere at the ti…
a person, place, or movables may be lawfully searched by an o…
aerial search
a search conducted from an aircraft, usually a helicopter or…
affidavit
a written statement of facts, which the signer swears under o…
20 terms
Chapter 11: Employ Evidence-Based Practice - Key Terms
applied research
basic research
evidence-based management (EBM)
experimental study
research designed to find a solution to a practical problem
research designed to broaden the base of knowledge rather tha…
use of evidence such as research to support management decisi…
a type of research design in which the conditions of a progra…
applied research
research designed to find a solution to a practical problem
basic research
research designed to broaden the base of knowledge rather tha…
23 terms
evidence - ch 11
affidavit
anonymous informant
confidential informant
exclusionary rule
a written statement signed under oath or penalty of perjury.…
a person who provides the police with information but does no…
a person who provides information for the police on the condi…
prohibits the use of unconstitutionally obtained evidence at…
affidavit
a written statement signed under oath or penalty of perjury.…
anonymous informant
a person who provides the police with information but does no…
36 terms
Chapter 11- Science of Nursing and Evidence-Based Practice
natural science
social sciences
formal science
Sir Francis Bacon
-include biology, chemistry, and physics
-focus on human experiences... -include economics, sociology, an…
-concerned with formal systems- axioms, definitions, and rule…
-father of today's scientific method
natural science
-include biology, chemistry, and physics
social sciences
-focus on human experiences... -include economics, sociology, an…
33 terms
Chapter 11: Leadership and Evidence-Based Practice
Studies have found that resistance to…
Interventions Vital to Consistent Impl…
Nursing Organizations That Incorporate…
Four leadership theories include:
-Beliefs and attitudes about EBP ... -Knowledge about EBP ... -Orga…
-EBP education combined with active repetitive skills buildin…
-American Nurses Association (ANA) ANA Scope and Standards of…
-Innovative Leader... -Transformational leader... -Servant Leader... -…
Studies have found that resistance to…
-Beliefs and attitudes about EBP ... -Knowledge about EBP ... -Orga…
Interventions Vital to Consistent Impl…
-EBP education combined with active repetitive skills buildin…
32 terms
Forensics Chapter 11: Trace Evidence: Hair and Fibers
The three layers that compromise the h…
The process of using an embedded micro…
The ____ ____ is the initial period of…
Forensic Scientists use the term ____…
Cortex, Cuticle, Medulla
Micrometry
Anagen Phase
Trace Evidence
The three layers that compromise the h…
Cortex, Cuticle, Medulla
The process of using an embedded micro…
Micrometry
24 terms
Nur 129 Chapter 11: Employ Evidence -Based Practice
Critical elements
Research
Basic Research
Applied Research
research findings, clinical expertise, patient history and as…
systematic investigation
used to broaden the base of knowledge, used in a laboratory s…
designed to find a solution to a practical problem, often ref…
Critical elements
research findings, clinical expertise, patient history and as…
Research
systematic investigation
29 terms
Chapter 11 Trace Evidence II, Metals, Paint, and Soil
JFK Assassination
Warren Commission Evidence for JFK Ass…
Structure of an Atom
Atomic Number
November 22 1963, JFK was shot and killed by Lee Harvey Oswal…
6.5 mm military rifle with Oswald's palm print. Antimony and…
Protons (relative mass 1, positive charge) and Neutrons (rela…
The number of protons in an elements nucleus. Atoms always ha…
JFK Assassination
November 22 1963, JFK was shot and killed by Lee Harvey Oswal…
Warren Commission Evidence for JFK Ass…
6.5 mm military rifle with Oswald's palm print. Antimony and…
21 terms
Chapter 11: The Science of Nursing and Evidence-Based Practice
1. The discovery of oxygen would be ca…
2. What is meant by the term evidence-…
3. To build the body of knowledge of n…
4. Which of the following is not a nec…
ANS: A... Feedback... A Pure science or pure research summarizes an…
ANS: D... Feedback... A Evidence-based practice is for the purpose…
ANS: B... Feedback... A An intervention being a good idea does not…
ANS: B... Feedback... A Review of the literature is a primary step…
1. The discovery of oxygen would be ca…
ANS: A... Feedback... A Pure science or pure research summarizes an…
2. What is meant by the term evidence-…
ANS: D... Feedback... A Evidence-based practice is for the purpose…
69 terms
Chapter 11: Evidence-Based Practice & Standardized Assessment
_______ ensures that clients receive s…
True/False: Under certain special circ…
EBP requires an integration of the bes…
Evidence-based practice is _______ sen…
evidence-based practice (EBP)
False
clinical expertise, sound judgment
ethnoculturally
_______ ensures that clients receive s…
evidence-based practice (EBP)
True/False: Under certain special circ…
False
40 terms
Chapter 11: The Science of Nursing and Evidence-Based Practice
How did Florence Nightingale advance t…
what are the 2 foundations of scientif…
Evidenced based practice links what 2…
Describe the nursing process (what is…
she defined the practice of nursing clearly and provided scie…
theory and research
research and clinical practice
it is an adaptation of a scientific framework to the manageme…
How did Florence Nightingale advance t…
she defined the practice of nursing clearly and provided scie…
what are the 2 foundations of scientif…
theory and research
14 terms
FS - Chapter 11 Trace Evidence I: Hairs and Fibers
anagen phase
catagen phase
cortex
cuticle
the initial growth phase during which the hair follicle activ…
a trasition stage between the anagen and telogen phases of ha…
the main body of the hair shaft
the scale structure covering the exterior of the hair
anagen phase
the initial growth phase during which the hair follicle activ…
catagen phase
a trasition stage between the anagen and telogen phases of ha…
54 terms
Forensics: Chapter 11: Trace Evidence I: Hairs and Fibers
Pigment granules that impart hair with…
Which of the following is not a layer…
A cast of a hair surface can be made u…
Which part of of the hair shaft is mos…
A) Cortex.
B) Follicle
D) Both B and C
B) Cuticle
Pigment granules that impart hair with…
A) Cortex.
Which of the following is not a layer…
B) Follicle
108 terms
Introduction to Nursing - Chapter 11 - The Science of Nursing and Evidence-Based Research
Science
What forms the base of the discipline…
Who advanced the practice of nursing b…
What research did Nightingale conduct?
Knowledge gained by systematic study (research)
Science and research
Florence Nightingale
Careful documentation of the improvement in morbidity and mor…
Science
Knowledge gained by systematic study (research)
What forms the base of the discipline…
Science and research
21 terms
Chapter 11: The Science of Nursing and Evidence-Based Practice
1. The discovery of oxygen would be ca…
2. What is meant by the term evidence-…
3. To build the body of knowledge of n…
4. Which of the following is not a nec…
ANS: A... Feedback... A Pure science or pure research summarizes an…
ANS: D... Feedback... A Evidence-based practice is for the purpose…
ANS: B... Feedback... A An intervention being a good idea does not…
ANS: B... Feedback... A Review of the literature is a primary step…
1. The discovery of oxygen would be ca…
ANS: A... Feedback... A Pure science or pure research summarizes an…
2. What is meant by the term evidence-…
ANS: D... Feedback... A Evidence-based practice is for the purpose…
1 of 10