Study sets matching "evil philosophy"

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Study sets matching "evil philosophy"

Philosophy of Evil
Problem of evil
Theistic response to the problem of evil
The free will defense
Leibniz on free will
If God exists and he is omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly…
(1) It is impossible to eliminate all suffering and have a gr…
(1) It is impossible for God to make free agents that do not…
(1) There are no free agents, agents are automata without tru…
Problem of evil
If God exists and he is omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly…
Theistic response to the problem of evil
(1) It is impossible to eliminate all suffering and have a gr…
8 terms
AS Philosophy - The Problem of Evil
Free will defense
Moral evil
Natural evil
Inconsistent
Most evils are compatible with God's infinite goodness becaus…
Evil consequences or suffering that is a direct effect of imm…
Evil that is the result of natural forces e.g. earthquakes
Contradictory
Free will defense
Most evils are compatible with God's infinite goodness becaus…
Moral evil
Evil consequences or suffering that is a direct effect of imm…
16 terms
History of Philosophy/The Problem of Evil
Theist
Atheist
Atheist Perspective
The Need for Contrast
No Dissatisfaction Guarantee; thus satisfaction guarantee
No Satisfaction Guarantee
either God can do nothing to stop catastrophes, he doesn't ca…
Without evil how would we know what good is?
Theist
No Dissatisfaction Guarantee; thus satisfaction guarantee
Atheist
No Satisfaction Guarantee
Evil Philosophy 005
According to Arendt, what is the banal…
Augustine's conception of evil is:
What is the origin of a moralized conc…
What is Kant's notion of diabolical ev…
Evil acts, performed by ordinary people, that are motivated a…
Choosing the lower good over the higher good
Evil is the judgment the slaves direct at the nobles, out of…
Freely acting without being constrained by the moral law
According to Arendt, what is the banal…
Evil acts, performed by ordinary people, that are motivated a…
Augustine's conception of evil is:
Choosing the lower good over the higher good
mid evil philosophy
hedonism
relativist
cultural relativism
4 greek element
pursue pleure
relative to man-shape, view color
ethics as code of conduct is relative to culture
fire-heraclitus, air-Anaxemender, water-thales,
hedonism
pursue pleure
relativist
relative to man-shape, view color
32 terms
GCSE Philosophy - Evil & Suffering
Suffering
Responsibility
Issues with suffering
Natural suffering - definition
when people have to face and live with unpleasant events or c…
duty; the idea that we are in charge of our own actions
for theists: if God allows or causes suffering, is he:... - bene…
caused by natural events such as earthquakes, volcanoes, floo…
Suffering
when people have to face and live with unpleasant events or c…
Responsibility
duty; the idea that we are in charge of our own actions
9 terms
Philosophy- Good and evil
God = good
Free will
Irenaeus
Augustine
Genesis- everything that God made was good
God has given everyone and everything free will as he is all…
Said that people need to suffer in order to choose between go…
Believed that evil is not a thing itself but simply what is l…
God = good
Genesis- everything that God made was good
Free will
God has given everyone and everything free will as he is all…
7 terms
Philosophy Problem of Evil Argument
The "Problem of Evil"
3 initial ways to avoid the problem
most popular attempt to avoid the prob…
attempt #1 at explaining the compatibi…
"how can bad things happen in a world with an omnipotent, per…
1) deny that God is all good... - not very palatable to most th…
deny the arguments third premise: say that God's existence an…
if God can't exist without evil, then God could not have prom…
The "Problem of Evil"
"how can bad things happen in a world with an omnipotent, per…
3 initial ways to avoid the problem
1) deny that God is all good... - not very palatable to most th…
46 terms
Philosophy-Good and Evil
Definition of evil
10 Great Commandments
Moral evil definition
Moral evil example
Evil includes moral and natural evil. It is something that is…
1. You shall have no other gods before me.... 2. You shall not m…
This is the deeds or behaviour of people which are seen to be…
Fatal car accidents caused by alcohol consumption, child mole…
Definition of evil
Evil includes moral and natural evil. It is something that is…
10 Great Commandments
1. You shall have no other gods before me.... 2. You shall not m…
Philosophy - Miracles (Problem of Evil)
Wiles
Irenaean Theodicy
Scientists
Augustine's counterargument to natural…
Miracles compromise God's goodness. God seems partisan, arbit…
Soul-making. World presents opportunities to develop characte…
If God was to intervene to prevent natural evil, that would i…
Soul-deciding. Natural evil is a consequence of human moral e…
Wiles
Miracles compromise God's goodness. God seems partisan, arbit…
Irenaean Theodicy
Soul-making. World presents opportunities to develop characte…
Evil and Suffering (Philosophy)
What is evil?
What is suffering?
What are the two types of evil?
What is the nature of evil?
The opposite of good, it is the cause of suffering e.g. cancer.
The pain and discomfort caused by evil e.g. feeling in pain d…
Moral = peoples decisions to do evil e.g. terrorism... Natural =…
An impersonal force = draws people to doing the wrong thing... A…
What is evil?
The opposite of good, it is the cause of suffering e.g. cancer.
What is suffering?
The pain and discomfort caused by evil e.g. feeling in pain d…
15 terms
Philosophy of Religion - Problem Of Evil
Outlining the Problem of Evil
two types of Evil
The logical problem of evil
the evidential problem of evil
how can god be omnibenevolent, omnipotent, omniscient and evi…
moral evil - wrongdoings of humans. natural evil - suffering…
Gods existence is logically incompatible with the existence o…
the amount and distribution of evil is good evidence that god…
Outlining the Problem of Evil
how can god be omnibenevolent, omnipotent, omniscient and evi…
two types of Evil
moral evil - wrongdoings of humans. natural evil - suffering…
AS Philosophy - The Problem of Evil
Omnibenevolent
Omnipotent
Omniscient
Evil
All-Loving
All-powerful
All-knowing
That which causes suffering or harm
Omnibenevolent
All-Loving
Omnipotent
All-powerful
29 terms
Philosophy: Evil: A Primer
What does Hart say remains impossible…
What does he say happens when we try t…
What is the problem in claiming that t…
Where did evil mean in ancient Teutonic
The definition of evil
THe more we try, the more it splinters.
Evil is a human projection
Too much or over the limit.
What does Hart say remains impossible…
The definition of evil
What does he say happens when we try t…
THe more we try, the more it splinters.
19 terms
Philosophy of Religion - Problem of Evil
Logical Problem
Evidential Problem
Inconsistent Triad
Free Will Defence
Deductive. Assessing the claim that the traditional concept o…
The amount, intensity and injustice of the apparent evil in t…
Idea that God cannot be all knowing, all loving and all power…
An argument to justify both the existence of a loving God and…
Logical Problem
Deductive. Assessing the claim that the traditional concept o…
Evidential Problem
The amount, intensity and injustice of the apparent evil in t…
13 terms
GCSE Philosophy - Good and Evil
What is "The Fall"?
What is original sin?
What is free will?
What is Satan?
The switch from the perfect world to one containing evil. Thi…
The belief that every human being was born with a flawed natu…
It is up to us whether we sin and perform evil or not. we can…
Personified evil A supernatural evil force over which we have…
What is "The Fall"?
The switch from the perfect world to one containing evil. Thi…
What is original sin?
The belief that every human being was born with a flawed natu…
55 terms
Philosophy good and evil
Conscience
Free will
The golden rule
Job
An inner voice or feeling giving guidence Everyone has one to…
The belief that god created humans with the ability to make m…
Jesus teaching everyone to treat others as you wish to be tre…
A book in the bible. Faith is tested
Conscience
An inner voice or feeling giving guidence Everyone has one to…
Free will
The belief that god created humans with the ability to make m…
Philosophy Quotes- Evil
Book of Job- Have you considered my se…
Irenaeus- God made us...
Process (D. Griffin & C. Hartshorne)-…
(Pro) Jürgen Moltmann- Prefer to have…
he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns ev…
in his own image and likeness.
only guide us.
to ever associate with German culture.
Book of Job- Have you considered my se…
he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns ev…
Irenaeus- God made us...
in his own image and likeness.
40 terms
Philosophy: The Good and Evil
How do you define good?
How would you define bad?
How do you define evil?
Does Good or Evil exist in Nature?
Good is an abstract concept that deals with/about what is ben…
Something that is harmful, not beneficial
Something that we associate with causing great harm and often…
Evil comes from humans. (no)
How do you define good?
Good is an abstract concept that deals with/about what is ben…
How would you define bad?
Something that is harmful, not beneficial
Philosophy - Good and Evil
Conscience
Free will
Golden rule
Job
an inner voice or feeling giving guidance on what is right or…
the belief that God made humans with the ability to make mora…
Jesus' teaching to treat others as you yourself wish to be tr…
Biblical character whose faith was tested
Conscience
an inner voice or feeling giving guidance on what is right or…
Free will
the belief that God made humans with the ability to make mora…
13 terms
Philosophy - The Evil Genius Argument
What does it mean to arrive at knowled…
What is an a priori belief?
Which beliefs does the dream argument/…
Which beliefs does the evil genius arg…
To arrive at knowledge just by thinking e.g. even though I ha…
One arrived at just by thinking
A posteriori beliefs
A priori beliefs
What does it mean to arrive at knowled…
To arrive at knowledge just by thinking e.g. even though I ha…
What is an a priori belief?
One arrived at just by thinking
11 terms
Philosophy Final- Evil
Hume's four main arguments concerning…
Fundamental assumptions about gods nat…
Hume vs FOESOG view of god
Four conditions for FOESOG to be succe…
1) LIA argument- God and evil cannot both exist, therefore ev…
god is a SPB... -god is omniscient ... -god is omnipotent... god is al…
Hume- god can do anything, illogical or impossible as well. g…
1) Existence of the FOE is logically necessary for the existe…
Hume's four main arguments concerning…
1) LIA argument- God and evil cannot both exist, therefore ev…
Fundamental assumptions about gods nat…
god is a SPB... -god is omniscient ... -god is omnipotent... god is al…
Philosophy- Problems of Evil
Epicurus' definition of evil (Epicurea…
J.L Mackie's Inconsistent Triad
Natural evil
Moral evil
If God is willing to prevent evil, but he is unable to, then…
LOGICAL PROBLEM OF EVIL:... Omnipotent... Perfectly Good... Evil ... The…
Natural events which are beyond mans control ... "Evil that ori…
Evil and suffering occurs by human actions, such a murder or…
Epicurus' definition of evil (Epicurea…
If God is willing to prevent evil, but he is unable to, then…
J.L Mackie's Inconsistent Triad
LOGICAL PROBLEM OF EVIL:... Omnipotent... Perfectly Good... Evil ... The…
PHILOSOPHY: Good and Evil
Theodicy
Augustinian theodicy
Moral evil
The problem of evil
A response the the problem of evil that attempts to explain h…
Response from the theologian Augustine who stated that evil a…
Evil that is a product of humans e.g. Murder
If there is a benevolent, omnipotent God, why would he allow…
Theodicy
A response the the problem of evil that attempts to explain h…
Augustinian theodicy
Response from the theologian Augustine who stated that evil a…
14 terms
PHILOSOPHY & ETHICS - Good & Evil
Conscience
Free will
Golden rule
Job
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on the rightness or…
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
Jesus' teaching the people that they should treat others as t…
Biblical character whose faith is tested.
Conscience
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on the rightness or…
Free will
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
14 terms
Philosophy- Good and Evil
Good
Evil
God
The devil
Actions and intentions that are considered right by God
Actions and intentions that are considered wrong by god
The supreme being, creator and ruler of the world
An evil being who works against God and tempts people to do w…
Good
Actions and intentions that are considered right by God
Evil
Actions and intentions that are considered wrong by god
Philosophy - Good and Evil
Conscience
Free will
Golden rule
Job
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on the rightness or…
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
Jesus' teaching the people that they should treat others as t…
Biblical character whose faith is tested
Conscience
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on the rightness or…
Free will
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
15 terms
Philosophy- Good and Evil
Moral Evil
Natural Evil
Original Sin
Redemption
the deeds of behavior of people which are seen to be cruel an…
Natural events which may harm of kill people but do not appea…
The sin which Eve bought into the world when she picked the f…
the action of Jesus saving us from sin, error, or evil
Moral Evil
the deeds of behavior of people which are seen to be cruel an…
Natural Evil
Natural events which may harm of kill people but do not appea…
Philosophy Problem of Evil
What is the problem of evil?
The Inconsistent Triad
Types of Evil
Augustine Theodicy
- Augustine in Confessions defined the problem of evil: "Eith…
- This presents Christians with a problem. Should they drop o…
- Natural Evil- natural disasters, tsunami... - Moral Evil- suff…
+ Based on 2 key passages in bible: Genesis 3(story of fall)…
What is the problem of evil?
- Augustine in Confessions defined the problem of evil: "Eith…
The Inconsistent Triad
- This presents Christians with a problem. Should they drop o…
Philosophy - Good and Evil
Logical problem
Evidential problem
Philosophical response
natural evil
God is good; God is omnipotent; Evil exists.
amount of evil and suffering
free will to choose between good and evil
suffering caused by the world ; no one's fault eg earthquakes
Logical problem
God is good; God is omnipotent; Evil exists.
Evidential problem
amount of evil and suffering
Philosophy: Good and Evil
Evil things that happen are God's...
Evil is just a part...
The Purpose of evil is to
Evil is the way God...
Punishment for sin
Of God's great plan for mankind
Teach us a lesson
Tests our faith
Evil things that happen are God's...
Punishment for sin
Evil is just a part...
Of God's great plan for mankind
24 terms
The Problem of Evil - AS OCR philosophy
How did John Hick define evil?
Describe the inconsistent triad
Define 'theodicy'
Summarise Augustine's theodicy
"Physical pain, mental suffering and moral wickedness. Suffer…
3 points: evil, omnibenevolent God, and omnipotent God. These…
A justification of righteousness in the face of evil; a provi…
All evil is either sin or punishment for sin
How did John Hick define evil?
"Physical pain, mental suffering and moral wickedness. Suffer…
Describe the inconsistent triad
3 points: evil, omnibenevolent God, and omnipotent God. These…
Philosophy: The Problem of Evil
Evil
Suffering
Free Will
The Free Will Defence
A force or a negative power that is seen in many traditions a…
The experience of something bad or painful.
Having the ability to choose or determine ones own actions.
An argument to justify both an existence of a loving God and…
Evil
A force or a negative power that is seen in many traditions a…
Suffering
The experience of something bad or painful.
Philosophy evil and suffering
What is moral evil?
What is natural evil caused by?
What is an impersonal force?
What is a personal being?
People decisions to do evil e.g. 9/11 and terrorism
Cause by nature e.g earthquakes
A force which draws people to do the wrong thing
The devil or Satan
What is moral evil?
People decisions to do evil e.g. 9/11 and terrorism
What is natural evil caused by?
Cause by nature e.g earthquakes
Philosophy (Evil and Suffering)
What is evil?
What are the two types of evil?
What is moral evil?
What is natural evil?
Evil is a cause of human suffering
Moral evil and natural evil
The acts of humans which are considered morally wrong
Natural disasters, for example a earthquake
What is evil?
Evil is a cause of human suffering
What are the two types of evil?
Moral evil and natural evil
5 terms
Philosophy - Problem of Evil - Criticisms
Inconsistent Triad
Logical Problem Of Evil
Moral Evil
Natural Evil
the belief that God cannot be omnipotent and omnibenevolent i…
JL Mackie's development of the problem of evil
evil and suffering that can be attributed to human freedom
evil and suffering that can be attributed to natural events
Inconsistent Triad
the belief that God cannot be omnipotent and omnibenevolent i…
Logical Problem Of Evil
JL Mackie's development of the problem of evil
philosophy 004_foothill_RAWAL_ch.8_problem of evil
problem of evil definition
who said this?
3 problem postulates
problems
regard problem w/ the existence of God and existence of evil,…
Is God willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then he is not…
omnipotence (power): why does he not use his power to stop ev…
If god can't prevent evil then he is not omnipotent... if he can…
problem of evil definition
regard problem w/ the existence of God and existence of evil,…
who said this?
Is God willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then he is not…
Philosophy - Good and Evil
For Christians, God is the beginning a…
What do people who dont believe in the…
The story of the origins of the Devil…
There are very few references to Satan…
The Devil
It is people that choose to be evil
Jewish and Christian religious writings which are not include…
At the beginning of Jesus' ministry when he tempts him into t…
For Christians, God is the beginning a…
The Devil
What do people who dont believe in the…
It is people that choose to be evil
7 terms
PHILOSOPHY problem of evil
what is the problem of evil?
what are the two propositions that see…
3 types of evil
gratuitous evil
God isnt good if he allows evil and He is limited if he cant…
1. there is an omnipotent/omnibenevolent God ... 2. there is evil
1. moral: evil defying the moral code (murder)... 2. natural evi…
evil without an apparent cause; uncalled for; all three types…
what is the problem of evil?
God isnt good if he allows evil and He is limited if he cant…
what are the two propositions that see…
1. there is an omnipotent/omnibenevolent God ... 2. there is evil
33 terms
philosophy - good and evil
what is good?
what is evil?
good in Christianity?
evil in Christianity?
something that makes you feel happy // having the right quali…
something that makes you feel sad or scared // something wick…
god, miracle, evil does not exist
devil/satan, bad, real person or psychological, give in to te…
what is good?
something that makes you feel happy // having the right quali…
what is evil?
something that makes you feel sad or scared // something wick…
Philosophy 2 - good and evil
Conscience
Free will
Golden rule
Moral evil
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on what is right or…
The belief that God made humans with the ability to make mora…
Jesus' teaching to treat others as you yourself would like to…
Evil and suffering caused by people.
Conscience
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on what is right or…
Free will
The belief that God made humans with the ability to make mora…
PSR Philosophy: Good And Evil
Part A: Moral Evil
Part A: Natural Evil
Part A: Sin
Part A: Seven Deadly Sins
suffering caused by humans
suffering caused by nature
going against the will of God
greed, gluttony, pride, lust, envy, wrath and sloth
Part A: Moral Evil
suffering caused by humans
Part A: Natural Evil
suffering caused by nature
7 terms
Philosophy and ethics- Good and Evil
Good
Evil
Moral Evil
Natural Evil
Possessing desirable qualities which are morally right which…
Something which is morally wrong or bad, sometimes harmful an…
Actions done by humans and can be prevented.
Suffering that has not been caused by humans and is by natura…
Good
Possessing desirable qualities which are morally right which…
Evil
Something which is morally wrong or bad, sometimes harmful an…
RS Philosophy GOOD AND EVIL
Job 2
Job 38
Job 42
Matthew 9:2
God gives Satan power
Job questions God's existence
Job apologises for questioning God
Jesus heals a paralytic
Job 2
God gives Satan power
Job 38
Job questions God's existence
Philosophy - Problem of Evil
What is the problem of evil (according…
What are the three types of evil, defi…
Give 5 solutions to the problem of evi…
Explain the different in a theist mode…
If God is able, but not willing, than he is malevolent. If he…
1. Natural Evil - the evil or suffering that springs from nat…
1. God is limited ~ the omni's are gone; John Stuart Mill; st…
Theist - asserts there is a God, there is purpose in this wor…
What is the problem of evil (according…
If God is able, but not willing, than he is malevolent. If he…
What are the three types of evil, defi…
1. Natural Evil - the evil or suffering that springs from nat…
7 terms
The problem of evil- AS Philosophy
"Is God willing to prevent evil, but n…
Events whose consequence cause sufferi…
Evil events caused by humans freely ch…
"All evil is either sin or a punishmen…
What is the epicurus dillemna?
Define natural evil
Define moral evil
How did Augustine define all evil quote
"Is God willing to prevent evil, but n…
What is the epicurus dillemna?
Events whose consequence cause sufferi…
Define natural evil
AS PHILOSOPHY: The Problem of Evil
The Problem of Evil
Natural Evil
Moral Evil
An issue because of evil
"Either God cannot abolish evil, or he will not; if he cannot…
Natural disasters, disease etc.
Caused by humans
God cannot be omnipotent or omnibenevolent
The Problem of Evil
"Either God cannot abolish evil, or he will not; if he cannot…
Natural Evil
Natural disasters, disease etc.
40 terms
Philosophy 2:Good and Evil
What is The Fall in Genesis about?
Describe the story of the Fall
What are the two truths about evil you…
How does orgional sin affect us?
The belief that Adam and Eve disobeyed God, they 'fell' from…
-God made a perfect world with Garden of Eden... -Gave them free…
1) Adam and Eve bring evil into the world by disobeying a God…
1) Whole human race was contained in Adam so when they fell h…
What is The Fall in Genesis about?
The belief that Adam and Eve disobeyed God, they 'fell' from…
Describe the story of the Fall
-God made a perfect world with Garden of Eden... -Gave them free…
8 terms
OCR AS Philosophy: Problem of Evil
The problem of evil
Types of evil
The Inconsistent Triad
Logical solutions?
Religious believers have a problem understanding how an omnip…
Natural evil: natural events that cause pain and suffering (e…
A good and all-knowing God can't exists at the same time as e…
The premise that God is a good and loving being could be wron…
The problem of evil
Religious believers have a problem understanding how an omnip…
Types of evil
Natural evil: natural events that cause pain and suffering (e…
Philosophy and ethics - The problem of evil
How did John Hick define the problem o…
Why did David Hume refer to the proble…
What is natural evil?
What is moral evil?
"Physical pain, mental suffering and moral wickedness".
The problem of evil is regarded as one of the greatest challe…
Natural evil is the apparent malfunctioning of the natural wo…
Moral evil arises as the result of human action that is moral…
How did John Hick define the problem o…
"Physical pain, mental suffering and moral wickedness".
Why did David Hume refer to the proble…
The problem of evil is regarded as one of the greatest challe…
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