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Study sets matching "evil philosophy"

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Study sets matching "evil philosophy"

Philosophy of Evil
Problem of evil
Theistic response to the problem of evil
The free will defense
Leibniz on free will
If God exists and he is omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly…
(1) It is impossible to eliminate all suffering and have a gr…
(1) It is impossible for God to make free agents that do not…
(1) There are no free agents, agents are automata without tru…
Problem of evil
If God exists and he is omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly…
Theistic response to the problem of evil
(1) It is impossible to eliminate all suffering and have a gr…
32 terms
GCSE Philosophy - Evil & Suffering
Suffering
Responsibility
Issues with suffering
Natural suffering - definition
when people have to face and live with unpleasant events or c…
duty; the idea that we are in charge of our own actions
for theists: if God allows or causes suffering, is he:... - bene…
caused by natural events such as earthquakes, volcanoes, floo…
Suffering
when people have to face and live with unpleasant events or c…
Responsibility
duty; the idea that we are in charge of our own actions
8 terms
AS Philosophy - The Problem of Evil
Free will defense
Moral evil
Natural evil
Inconsistent
Most evils are compatible with God's infinite goodness becaus…
Evil consequences or suffering that is a direct effect of imm…
Evil that is the result of natural forces e.g. earthquakes
Contradictory
Free will defense
Most evils are compatible with God's infinite goodness becaus…
Moral evil
Evil consequences or suffering that is a direct effect of imm…
7 terms
Evil and Suffering (Philosophy)
What is evil?
What is suffering?
What are the two types of evil?
What is the nature of evil?
The opposite of good, it is the cause of suffering e.g. cancer.
The pain and discomfort caused by evil e.g. feeling in pain d…
Moral = peoples decisions to do evil e.g. terrorism... Natural =…
An impersonal force = draws people to doing the wrong thing... A…
What is evil?
The opposite of good, it is the cause of suffering e.g. cancer.
What is suffering?
The pain and discomfort caused by evil e.g. feeling in pain d…
15 terms
Philosophy of Religion - Problem Of Evil
Outlining the Problem of Evil
two types of Evil
The logical problem of evil
the evidential problem of evil
how can god be omnibenevolent, omnipotent, omniscient and evi…
moral evil - wrongdoings of humans. natural evil - suffering…
Gods existence is logically incompatible with the existence o…
the amount and distribution of evil is good evidence that god…
Outlining the Problem of Evil
how can god be omnibenevolent, omnipotent, omniscient and evi…
two types of Evil
moral evil - wrongdoings of humans. natural evil - suffering…
16 terms
History of Philosophy/The Problem of Evil
Theist
Atheist
Atheist Perspective
The Need for Contrast
No Dissatisfaction Guarantee; thus satisfaction guarantee
No Satisfaction Guarantee
either God can do nothing to stop catastrophes, he doesn't ca…
Without evil how would we know what good is?
Theist
No Dissatisfaction Guarantee; thus satisfaction guarantee
Atheist
No Satisfaction Guarantee
55 terms
Philosophy good and evil
Conscience
Free will
The golden rule
Job
An inner voice or feeling giving guidence Everyone has one to…
The belief that god created humans with the ability to make m…
Jesus teaching everyone to treat others as you wish to be tre…
A book in the bible. Faith is tested
Conscience
An inner voice or feeling giving guidence Everyone has one to…
Free will
The belief that god created humans with the ability to make m…
15 terms
Philosophy- Good and Evil
Moral Evil
Natural Evil
Original Sin
Redemption
the deeds of behavior of people which are seen to be cruel an…
Natural events which may harm of kill people but do not appea…
The sin which Eve bought into the world when she picked the f…
the action of Jesus saving us from sin, error, or evil
Moral Evil
the deeds of behavior of people which are seen to be cruel an…
Natural Evil
Natural events which may harm of kill people but do not appea…
14 terms
Philosophy - Good and Evil
Conscience
Free will
Golden rule
Job
an inner voice or feeling giving guidance on what is right or…
the belief that God made humans with the ability to make mora…
Jesus' teaching to treat others as you yourself wish to be tr…
Biblical character whose faith was tested
Conscience
an inner voice or feeling giving guidance on what is right or…
Free will
the belief that God made humans with the ability to make mora…
12 terms
Philosophy - Good and Evil
Logical problem
Evidential problem
Philosophical response
natural evil
God is good; God is omnipotent; Evil exists.
amount of evil and suffering
free will to choose between good and evil
suffering caused by the world ; no one's fault eg earthquakes
Logical problem
God is good; God is omnipotent; Evil exists.
Evidential problem
amount of evil and suffering
24 terms
The Problem of Evil - AS OCR philosophy
How did John Hick define evil?
Describe the inconsistent triad
Define 'theodicy'
Summarise Augustine's theodicy
"Physical pain, mental suffering and moral wickedness. Suffer…
3 points: evil, omnibenevolent God, and omnipotent God. These…
A justification of righteousness in the face of evil; a provi…
All evil is either sin or punishment for sin
How did John Hick define evil?
"Physical pain, mental suffering and moral wickedness. Suffer…
Describe the inconsistent triad
3 points: evil, omnibenevolent God, and omnipotent God. These…
mid evil philosophy
hedonism
relativist
cultural relativism
4 greek element
pursue pleure
relative to man-shape, view color
ethics as code of conduct is relative to culture
fire-heraclitus, air-Anaxemender, water-thales,
hedonism
pursue pleure
relativist
relative to man-shape, view color
49 terms
Evil Philosophy 005
According to Arendt, what is the banal…
Augustine's conception of evil is:
What is the origin of a moralized conc…
What is Kant's notion of diabolical ev…
Evil acts, performed by ordinary people, that are motivated a…
Choosing the lower good over the higher good
Evil is the judgment the slaves direct at the nobles, out of…
Freely acting without being constrained by the moral law
According to Arendt, what is the banal…
Evil acts, performed by ordinary people, that are motivated a…
Augustine's conception of evil is:
Choosing the lower good over the higher good
11 terms
Philosophy Good & Evil
Omnipotent
Omniscient
Omnibenevolent
Moral Evil
The belief that God is all-powerful
The belief that God is all-knowing
The belief that God is all-loving
Suffering caused by humans, e.g war, lying, bullting, racism.
Omnipotent
The belief that God is all-powerful
Omniscient
The belief that God is all-knowing
9 terms
Philosophy- Good and evil
God = good
Free will
Irenaeus
Augustine
Genesis- everything that God made was good
God has given everyone and everything free will as he is all…
Said that people need to suffer in order to choose between go…
Believed that evil is not a thing itself but simply what is l…
God = good
Genesis- everything that God made was good
Free will
God has given everyone and everything free will as he is all…
14 terms
Philosophy- Suffering and Evil
Is/ought to be
Problem of Evil For Theists
Theodicy
Judaism
we all imagine the way the world is, is different than it oug…
IT is harder to prove the existence of God when evil is a thing
any works that attempt to solve something
God will vindicate, but one must wait
Is/ought to be
we all imagine the way the world is, is different than it oug…
Problem of Evil For Theists
IT is harder to prove the existence of God when evil is a thing
14 terms
Philosophy - Good and Evil
Conscience
Free will
Golden rule
Job
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on the rightness or…
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
Jesus' teaching the people that they should treat others as t…
Biblical character whose faith is tested
Conscience
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on the rightness or…
Free will
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
8 terms
Philosophy Problem of Evil
What is the problem of evil?
The Inconsistent Triad
Types of Evil
Augustine Theodicy
- Augustine in Confessions defined the problem of evil: "Eith…
- This presents Christians with a problem. Should they drop o…
- Natural Evil- natural disasters, tsunami... - Moral Evil- suff…
+ Based on 2 key passages in bible: Genesis 3(story of fall)…
What is the problem of evil?
- Augustine in Confessions defined the problem of evil: "Eith…
The Inconsistent Triad
- This presents Christians with a problem. Should they drop o…
36 terms
PHILOSOPHY: Good and Evil
Theodicy
Augustinian theodicy
Moral evil
The problem of evil
A response the the problem of evil that attempts to explain h…
Response from the theologian Augustine who stated that evil a…
Evil that is a product of humans e.g. Murder
If there is a benevolent, omnipotent God, why would he allow…
Theodicy
A response the the problem of evil that attempts to explain h…
Augustinian theodicy
Response from the theologian Augustine who stated that evil a…
13 terms
Philosophy: Good and Evil
Evil things that happen are God's...
Evil is just a part...
The Purpose of evil is to
Evil is the way God...
Punishment for sin
Of God's great plan for mankind
Teach us a lesson
Tests our faith
Evil things that happen are God's...
Punishment for sin
Evil is just a part...
Of God's great plan for mankind
13 terms
Philosophy evil and suffering
What is moral evil?
What is natural evil caused by?
What is an impersonal force?
What is a personal being?
People decisions to do evil e.g. 9/11 and terrorism
Cause by nature e.g earthquakes
A force which draws people to do the wrong thing
The devil or Satan
What is moral evil?
People decisions to do evil e.g. 9/11 and terrorism
What is natural evil caused by?
Cause by nature e.g earthquakes
46 terms
Philosophy-Good and Evil
Definition of evil
10 Great Commandments
Moral evil definition
Moral evil example
Evil includes moral and natural evil. It is something that is…
1. You shall have no other gods before me.... 2. You shall not m…
This is the deeds or behaviour of people which are seen to be…
Fatal car accidents caused by alcohol consumption, child mole…
Definition of evil
Evil includes moral and natural evil. It is something that is…
10 Great Commandments
1. You shall have no other gods before me.... 2. You shall not m…
9 terms
Philosophy - Miracles (Problem of Evil)
Wiles
Irenaean Theodicy
Scientists
Augustine's counterargument to natural…
Miracles compromise God's goodness. God seems partisan, arbit…
Soul-making. World presents opportunities to develop characte…
If God was to intervene to prevent natural evil, that would i…
Soul-deciding. Natural evil is a consequence of human moral e…
Wiles
Miracles compromise God's goodness. God seems partisan, arbit…
Irenaean Theodicy
Soul-making. World presents opportunities to develop characte…
12 terms
Philosophy (Evil and Suffering)
What is evil?
What are the two types of evil?
What is moral evil?
What is natural evil?
Evil is a cause of human suffering
Moral evil and natural evil
The acts of humans which are considered morally wrong
Natural disasters, for example a earthquake
What is evil?
Evil is a cause of human suffering
What are the two types of evil?
Moral evil and natural evil
Philosophy - Good and Evil
For Christians, God is the beginning a…
What do people who dont believe in the…
The story of the origins of the Devil…
There are very few references to Satan…
The Devil
It is people that choose to be evil
Jewish and Christian religious writings which are not include…
At the beginning of Jesus' ministry when he tempts him into t…
For Christians, God is the beginning a…
The Devil
What do people who dont believe in the…
It is people that choose to be evil
33 terms
philosophy - good and evil
what is good?
what is evil?
good in Christianity?
evil in Christianity?
something that makes you feel happy // having the right quali…
something that makes you feel sad or scared // something wick…
god, miracle, evil does not exist
devil/satan, bad, real person or psychological, give in to te…
what is good?
something that makes you feel happy // having the right quali…
what is evil?
something that makes you feel sad or scared // something wick…
29 terms
Philosophy: Evil: A Primer
What does Hart say remains impossible…
What does he say happens when we try t…
What is the problem in claiming that t…
Where did evil mean in ancient Teutonic
The definition of evil
THe more we try, the more it splinters.
Evil is a human projection
Too much or over the limit.
What does Hart say remains impossible…
The definition of evil
What does he say happens when we try t…
THe more we try, the more it splinters.
16 terms
RS Philosophy GOOD AND EVIL
Job 2
Job 38
Job 42
Matthew 9:2
God gives Satan power
Job questions God's existence
Job apologises for questioning God
Jesus heals a paralytic
Job 2
God gives Satan power
Job 38
Job questions God's existence
14 terms
AS Philosophy - The Problem of Evil
Omnibenevolent
Omnipotent
Omniscient
Evil
All-Loving
All-powerful
All-knowing
That which causes suffering or harm
Omnibenevolent
All-Loving
Omnipotent
All-powerful
AS PHILOSOPHY: The Problem of Evil
The Problem of Evil
Natural Evil
Moral Evil
An issue because of evil
"Either God cannot abolish evil, or he will not; if he cannot…
Natural disasters, disease etc.
Caused by humans
God cannot be omnipotent or omnibenevolent
The Problem of Evil
"Either God cannot abolish evil, or he will not; if he cannot…
Natural Evil
Natural disasters, disease etc.
13 terms
GCSE Philosophy - Good and Evil
What is "The Fall"?
What is original sin?
What is free will?
What is Satan?
The switch from the perfect world to one containing evil. Thi…
The belief that every human being was born with a flawed natu…
It is up to us whether we sin and perform evil or not. we can…
Personified evil A supernatural evil force over which we have…
What is "The Fall"?
The switch from the perfect world to one containing evil. Thi…
What is original sin?
The belief that every human being was born with a flawed natu…
40 terms
Philosophy: The Good and Evil
How do you define good?
How would you define bad?
How do you define evil?
Does Good or Evil exist in Nature?
Good is an abstract concept that deals with/about what is ben…
Something that is harmful, not beneficial
Something that we associate with causing great harm and often…
Evil comes from humans. (no)
How do you define good?
Good is an abstract concept that deals with/about what is ben…
How would you define bad?
Something that is harmful, not beneficial
13 terms
Philosophy - The Evil Genius Argument
What does it mean to arrive at knowled…
What is an a priori belief?
Which beliefs does the dream argument/…
Which beliefs does the evil genius arg…
To arrive at knowledge just by thinking e.g. even though I ha…
One arrived at just by thinking
A posteriori beliefs
A priori beliefs
What does it mean to arrive at knowled…
To arrive at knowledge just by thinking e.g. even though I ha…
What is an a priori belief?
One arrived at just by thinking
30 terms
Philosophy: The Problem of Evil
What are the types of evil with explin…
how does Swinburne describe moral evil?
how does hick describe natural evil?
What problem does Mackie have with the…
Moral evil: actions of man cause suffering... Natural evil: nat…
'the evil constituted by deliberate actions or negligent fail…
'originates independently from human actions'
Mackie claims it impossible to believe in the nature of a cla…
What are the types of evil with explin…
Moral evil: actions of man cause suffering... Natural evil: nat…
how does Swinburne describe moral evil?
'the evil constituted by deliberate actions or negligent fail…
28 terms
Good and Evil (Philosophy)
Apocrypha
Evil v Good
Genesis 1:31
Luke 4:1-13
Jewish and Christian religious writings which are not include…
If there is evil in the world there must be a power of evil (…
"Everything that God made was good"
Jesus' temptation in the wilderness
Apocrypha
Jewish and Christian religious writings which are not include…
Evil v Good
If there is evil in the world there must be a power of evil (…
12 terms
Philosophy Good and evil
Mark 10: 18
John 3:16
Job 1:21b
Job 13:15a
'"Why Do you call me good?" Jesus answered. "No-one is good b…
'For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son…
'"The Lord gives and the Lord has taken away; May the name of…
'"Though he slay me, yet I will hope in him"'
Mark 10: 18
'"Why Do you call me good?" Jesus answered. "No-one is good b…
John 3:16
'For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son…
14 terms
PHILOSOPHY & ETHICS - Good & Evil
Conscience
Free will
Golden rule
Job
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on the rightness or…
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
Jesus' teaching the people that they should treat others as t…
Biblical character whose faith is tested.
Conscience
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on the rightness or…
Free will
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
14 terms
Philosophy- Good and Evil
Good
Evil
God
The devil
Actions and intentions that are considered right by God
Actions and intentions that are considered wrong by god
The supreme being, creator and ruler of the world
An evil being who works against God and tempts people to do w…
Good
Actions and intentions that are considered right by God
Evil
Actions and intentions that are considered wrong by god
69 terms
The problem of evil - OCR philosophy
What is the 'inconsistent triad'?
Why are God's characteristics contradi…
What are the two kinds of evil?
What is moral evil?
It is a theory that we cannot believe God's characteristics w…
If God created the universe and everything in it thenhe could…
Moral and natural
Moral evil is evil is the result of free acts of human beings
What is the 'inconsistent triad'?
It is a theory that we cannot believe God's characteristics w…
Why are God's characteristics contradi…
If God created the universe and everything in it thenhe could…
11 terms
Philosophy Final- Evil
Hume's four main arguments concerning…
Fundamental assumptions about gods nat…
Hume vs FOESOG view of god
Four conditions for FOESOG to be succe…
1) LIA argument- God and evil cannot both exist, therefore ev…
god is a SPB... -god is omniscient ... -god is omnipotent... god is al…
Hume- god can do anything, illogical or impossible as well. g…
1) Existence of the FOE is logically necessary for the existe…
Hume's four main arguments concerning…
1) LIA argument- God and evil cannot both exist, therefore ev…
Fundamental assumptions about gods nat…
god is a SPB... -god is omniscient ... -god is omnipotent... god is al…
19 terms
Philosophy & Ethics - Problem of Evil
Evil
Moral Evil
Natural Evil
The Problem of Evil
That which is contrary to God's will; a cause of suffering. T…
Intentional human action or inaction that results in sufferin…
Causes suffering within the natural world including disaster,…
The challenge that the existence of evil poses for faith in G…
Evil
That which is contrary to God's will; a cause of suffering. T…
Moral Evil
Intentional human action or inaction that results in sufferin…
14 terms
Philosophy - good and evil
Conscience
Free will
Golden rule
Job
An innee boice or feeling givingg guidance on the rightness o…
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
Jesus' teaching the people that they should treat others as t…
Biblical character whose faith is tested
Conscience
An innee boice or feeling givingg guidance on the rightness o…
Free will
The belief that God created humans with the ability to make m…
30 terms
Philosophy good and evil
Beatitudes
Crucifixion
Devil
Dualism
Describing who is blessed
A painful, slow and humiliating form of execution
Evil in a living form
Belief in two opposites
Beatitudes
Describing who is blessed
Crucifixion
A painful, slow and humiliating form of execution
13 terms
Philosophy- Good and Evil
Good and Evil
Luke
natural suffering
moral evil
God is seen to be totally good while the Devil is totally Evil.
Jesus' temptation in the wilderness
Something you can't stop as it is caused by the Earth itself…
Something that someone has caused. e.g. Someone committing mu…
Good and Evil
God is seen to be totally good while the Devil is totally Evil.
Luke
Jesus' temptation in the wilderness
24 terms
PHILOSOPHY: GOOD AND EVIL
APOCRYPHA
THE FALL
ORIGINAL SIN
REDEMPTION
Christian religious writings that are not included i the Bibl…
The event that Adam and Eve ate the fruit from the Tree of Kn…
The first time Adam and Eve turned away from the God by eatin…
The Christian belief that Jesus saved people from punishment…
APOCRYPHA
Christian religious writings that are not included i the Bibl…
THE FALL
The event that Adam and Eve ate the fruit from the Tree of Kn…
20 terms
Philosophy 2: Good and Evil
Apocrypha
Good and Evil
The Fall
Original sin
Jewish and Christian religious writings which are not include…
God is seen as being totally good while the Devil is seen as…
When Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit
The sin which Eve brought into the world when she picked the…
Apocrypha
Jewish and Christian religious writings which are not include…
Good and Evil
God is seen as being totally good while the Devil is seen as…
27 terms
philosophy 004_foothill_RAWAL_ch.8_problem of evil
problem of evil definition
who said this?
3 problem postulates
problems
regard problem w/ the existence of God and existence of evil,…
Is God willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then he is not…
omnipotence (power): why does he not use his power to stop ev…
If god can't prevent evil then he is not omnipotent... if he can…
problem of evil definition
regard problem w/ the existence of God and existence of evil,…
who said this?
Is God willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then he is not…
8 terms
philosophy final: problem of evil
two kinds of evil
logical
inferential/evidential
redemptive accounts
moral and natural
argue that the "it" is logically contradictory to believe in…
evil in the universe renders gods non-existence more probable…
god allows evil so humans can seek redemption and a proper re…
two kinds of evil
moral and natural
logical
argue that the "it" is logically contradictory to believe in…
10 terms
Philosophy 2 - good and evil
Conscience
Free will
Golden rule
Moral evil
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on what is right or…
The belief that God made humans with the ability to make mora…
Jesus' teaching to treat others as you yourself would like to…
Evil and suffering caused by people.
Conscience
An inner voice or feeling giving guidance on what is right or…
Free will
The belief that God made humans with the ability to make mora…
19 terms
Philosophy 2 - Good and Evil
moral evil (eg:)
natural evil (eg:)
the fall
original sin
cruel, uncaring deeds of people eg: murder
natural events which may harm or kill people but do not appea…
when adam and eve ate the fruit and humanity fell from gods g…
what everyone is born with because of the fall
moral evil (eg:)
cruel, uncaring deeds of people eg: murder
natural evil (eg:)
natural events which may harm or kill people but do not appea…
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