How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "evolution 15"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "evolution 15"

12 terms
15: Evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
homologous structure
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on 4 ideas: ex…
hereditary changes in groups of organisms over time
anatomically similar structure inherited from a common ancestor
artificial selection
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
natural selection
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on 4 ideas: ex…
15 terms
evolution 15
dichotomous key
domains
anaerobic
Archaea
A key used to identify a plant or animal in which each stage…
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Organism that does not require oxygen.
prokaryotic, live in extreme environments, all live without o…
dichotomous key
A key used to identify a plant or animal in which each stage…
domains
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
28 terms
15-Evolution
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Evolution
Derived Trait
The process of directed breeding to produce offspring with de…
Some competitors are better equipped for survival than others…
Cumulative change in a group of organisms through time
Newly evolved trait that does not appear in ancestral form
Artificial Selection
The process of directed breeding to produce offspring with de…
Natural Selection
Some competitors are better equipped for survival than others…
13 terms
15.2 Evidence of Evolution
derived trait
ancestral trait
homologous structure
Examples of homologous structure
new feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
more-primitive characteristic that appeared in common ancestors
anatomically similar structure inherited from a common ancest…
Forelimbs of cats, penguin, iguanas, humans
derived trait
new feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
ancestral trait
more-primitive characteristic that appeared in common ancestors
19 terms
Vocabulary CH. 15 Evolution
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Evolution
derived trait
Breeders breeding organisms with specific traits in order to…
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
A change in a species over time
newly evolved features that do not appear in the fossils of c…
Artificial Selection
Breeders breeding organisms with specific traits in order to…
Natural Selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
21 terms
Evolution 15
adaptation
evolution
fitness
natural selection
Trait that increases the fitness of individuals.
Development of new types of organisms from preexisting types.
An organism's ability to survive and reproduce or its heredit…
The process by which organisms with traits well suited to the…
adaptation
Trait that increases the fitness of individuals.
evolution
Development of new types of organisms from preexisting types.
13 terms
15-Evolution
Evolution
Theory
Fossil
Artificial Selection
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
preserved remains or evidence of an ancient organism
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
Evolution
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Theory
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
Evolution (15)
Biological evolution
macro vs micro evolution
speciation
natural selection
the change in genetic makeup of a population (you are differe…
macro: large evolutionary changes like extinction or origin o…
heritable variation creates a range of phenotypes, which may…
survival and reproduction of organisms whose genetic traits (…
Biological evolution
the change in genetic makeup of a population (you are differe…
macro vs micro evolution
macro: large evolutionary changes like extinction or origin o…
34 terms
Evolution: #15
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Evolution
Derived Traits
Darwin's term for selective breeding
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on 4 ideas: ex…
cumulative changes in groups of organisms through time
newly evolved features that did not appear in the fossils of…
Artificial Selection
Darwin's term for selective breeding
Natural Selection
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on 4 ideas: ex…
19 terms
Evolution - Chap. 15
species
fossil
adaptation
evolution
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
31 terms
Ch. 15 & 16 - Evolution
acquired trait
adapt
adaptive radiation
analogous structure
not determined by genes, rather, it arises during an organism…
in populations, to change genetically over generations to bec…
an evolutionary pattern in which many species evolve from a s…
in evolution, structures in more than one organism that have…
acquired trait
not determined by genes, rather, it arises during an organism…
adapt
in populations, to change genetically over generations to bec…
48 terms
Evolution chapter 14-15
Fossil
Paleontologist
Relative Dating
Law Of Superposition
any preserved evidence of an organism
a scientist who studies fossils
a method used to determine the age of rocks by comparing them…
states that younger layers of rock are deposited on top of ol…
Fossil
any preserved evidence of an organism
Paleontologist
a scientist who studies fossils
26 terms
15 - Evolution
Evolution
theory
darwin
Pigeon breeding
Change in genotype of population from one generatio the next…
all the body of work
species change over time... common ancestor, one source led tot…
aritficial selection for specific traits... albino pigeons mate…
Evolution
Change in genotype of population from one generatio the next…
theory
all the body of work
36 terms
Ch. 15/16: Evolution
Evolution
Natural Selection
adaptation
Fitness
a heritable change in the characteristics within a population…
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
the process of becoming adapted to an environment; an anatomi…
in evolutionary theory, a measure of an individual's heredita…
Evolution
a heritable change in the characteristics within a population…
Natural Selection
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
15 terms
15. Evolution
Evidence of evolution
Fossil Records
Comparative Anatomy
Comparative Embryology
fossil records... comparative anatomy... comparative embryology... ves…
found in sedimentary rocks. Petrification (minerals replace c…
Homologous structure (same anatomical features and evolutiona…
two-layer gastrula is similar to hydra (cnidarian); three-lay…
Evidence of evolution
fossil records... comparative anatomy... comparative embryology... ves…
Fossil Records
found in sedimentary rocks. Petrification (minerals replace c…
17 terms
Evolution 15
sociality benefits
Sociality costs
Grouping of stinkbugs
"selfish herd" concept
foraging efficiency, predator defense, enhanced reproduction,…
increased competition, decreased per capita food availability…
intensify the repellent smell, aposematic colaration
centripetal movement, preferred location is center.
sociality benefits
foraging efficiency, predator defense, enhanced reproduction,…
Sociality costs
increased competition, decreased per capita food availability…
26 terms
GS 15 Evolution
Miller-Urey Experiment
protobionts
liposomes
stromatolites
Found that organic molecules can form in a strongly reducing…
Aggregates of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by a…
Membrane-bound droplets that form when lipids are added to wa…
Oldest known fossils. Many layers of bacteria and sediment.
Miller-Urey Experiment
Found that organic molecules can form in a strongly reducing…
protobionts
Aggregates of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by a…
15 terms
Evolution 15
Evolution
Natural selection
Speciation
Stabilizing selection
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
formation of new species
natural selection that favors average individuals in a popula…
Evolution
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Natural selection
process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
15 terms
Evolution 15
How do we minimize reversals?
what is multiple sequence alignment?
what is maximum liklihood?
what is branch support (bootstarapping)?
use dna sequences that are evolving slowly... -use long stretche…
alignment of sequences that have an evolutionary relationship…
chose a tree which makes the data most probable
a test of how reliable each branch of a tree is - tree is cal…
How do we minimize reversals?
use dna sequences that are evolving slowly... -use long stretche…
what is multiple sequence alignment?
alignment of sequences that have an evolutionary relationship…
7 terms
Evolution (15)
What was Darwin's primary mission on h…
Define evolution.
What did Darwin's expression "descent…
Define taxonomy.
expand the navy's knowledge of potential natural resources, s…
The unifying principle of all biological sciences. Evolution…
that as decent through generations occurs over time, so does…
The science of classifying
What was Darwin's primary mission on h…
expand the navy's knowledge of potential natural resources, s…
Define evolution.
The unifying principle of all biological sciences. Evolution…
28 terms
Ch. 15 Evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived traits
the process of directed breeding to produce offspring with de…
competitors in the struggle for survival are better equipped…
cumulative changes in groups of organisms through time.
newly evolved features that do not appear in the fossils of c…
artificial selection
the process of directed breeding to produce offspring with de…
natural selection
competitors in the struggle for survival are better equipped…
23 terms
Evolution 15.1
Natural Selection
Mimicry
Camouflage
Homologous Structures
A mechanism for change in populations. It occurs when organis…
An adaptation that enables one species to resemble another to…
The ability of an organism to blend into their surroundings.
Different organisms have similar structures implying they may…
Natural Selection
A mechanism for change in populations. It occurs when organis…
Mimicry
An adaptation that enables one species to resemble another to…
36 terms
Ch. 15/16: Evolution
Evolution
Natural Selection
adaptation
Fitness
a heritable change in the characteristics within a population…
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
the process of becoming adapted to an environment; an anatomi…
in evolutionary theory, a measure of an individual's heredita…
Evolution
a heritable change in the characteristics within a population…
Natural Selection
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
25 terms
Chapter 13-15 Evolution
1) Describe how Darwin's voyage on the…
2) Compare and contrast Darwin's phras…
3) Compare artificial selection and na…
4) Describe 4 observations and/or infe…
Darwin noticed similarities between plants and animals, dead…
Darwin's idea made nature the deciding factor of evolution (h…
Artificial selection is the selective breeding of domesticate…
(variation, inheritability, not enough resource for everyone,…
1) Describe how Darwin's voyage on the…
Darwin noticed similarities between plants and animals, dead…
2) Compare and contrast Darwin's phras…
Darwin's idea made nature the deciding factor of evolution (h…
32 terms
15-EVOLUTION
Darwinism (STUDY)
natural selection
biological vacuum (TIME)
reverse (v.)
達爾文學說
天擇
演化真空期
逆向、倒退
Darwinism (STUDY)
達爾文學說
natural selection
天擇
20 terms
Chapter 15 - Evolution - 15.3
Hardy-Weinberg principle
5 required conditions to be in genetic…
Founder Effect
Bottleneck
states that when allelic frequencies remain constant, a popul…
1. no genetic drift... 2. no gene flow ( no new genes enter or l…
an example of genetic drift that occurs when a small sample o…
an example of genetic drift that occurs when a population dec…
Hardy-Weinberg principle
states that when allelic frequencies remain constant, a popul…
5 required conditions to be in genetic…
1. no genetic drift... 2. no gene flow ( no new genes enter or l…
45 terms
Evolution 14, 15, 19
Which of the following situations woul…
What is the most likely explanation fo…
Postreproductive survival,
The two most accepted hypotheses for t…
a. Mating activity and egg production reduce the longevity of…
c. High investment in parental care
b. postreproductive individuals provide parental care.
c. the selective advantage of high probability of survival de…
Which of the following situations woul…
a. Mating activity and egg production reduce the longevity of…
What is the most likely explanation fo…
c. High investment in parental care
The Theory of Evolution Chapter 15
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Mimicry
Camouflage
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
A mechanism for change in population.
A structural adaptation that enables one species to resemble…
An adaptation that enables species to blend in with their sur…
Artificial Selection
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
Natural Selection
A mechanism for change in population.
12 terms
15.2 Evidence of Evolution
derived trait
ancestral trait
homologous structure
vestigial structure
New feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
A trait shared by all members of a group through a common anc…
similar structure found in more than one species that share a…
parts of an organism that are no longer functioning and do no…
derived trait
New feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
ancestral trait
A trait shared by all members of a group through a common anc…
8 terms
Evolution Vocabulary Chapter 15
homologous structure
analogous structures
descent with modification
natural selection
similar structure found in more than one species that share a…
structures that are not inherited from a common ancester, but…
process by which descendants of ancestral organisms spread in…
A process in nature in which organisms possessing certain inh…
homologous structure
similar structure found in more than one species that share a…
analogous structures
structures that are not inherited from a common ancester, but…
28 terms
Ch. 15 Evolution Vocab
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived trait
breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
occurs when organism with certain variations survive, reprodu…
hereditary changes in groups of living organisms over time
new feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
artificial selection
breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
natural selection
occurs when organism with certain variations survive, reprodu…
20 terms
Evolution Vocabulary Ch. 15
evolution
strata
natural selection
adaptation
(biology) The sequence of events involved in the evolutionary…
Layers of rock
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
evolution
(biology) The sequence of events involved in the evolutionary…
strata
Layers of rock
28 terms
Ch. 15 Evolution Vocabulary
allopatric speciation
analogous structures
ancestral trait
artificial selection
occurs when a population divided by a geographic barrier evol…
structures that do not have a common evolutionary origin but…
more-primitive characteristic that appeared in common ancesto…
Selective breeding of organisms to produce offspring with des…
allopatric speciation
occurs when a population divided by a geographic barrier evol…
analogous structures
structures that do not have a common evolutionary origin but…
27 terms
Biology- CH 15: Evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived trait
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on 4 ideas: ex…
hereditary changes in groups of organisms over time
new feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
artificial selection
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
natural selection
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on 4 ideas: ex…
10 terms
Ch. 15 Vocabulary- EVOLUTION
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Evolution
Homologous Structure
selective breeding of organisms chosen for certain traits
Theory of evolution based on 4 ideas; excess reproduction, va…
Hereditary changes in a group of organisms over time
anatomically similar structures inherited from common ancestor.
Artificial Selection
selective breeding of organisms chosen for certain traits
Natural Selection
Theory of evolution based on 4 ideas; excess reproduction, va…
32 terms
Ch.15 Evolution Review
Derived trait
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
Comparative Embrology
newly evolved features that do not appear in the fossils of c…
Evolutionary mechanism for species change.
Sailed to Galapagos Islands and developed the theory of Evolu…
Embryos of various animals appear the same (ex: turtle and hu…
Derived trait
newly evolved features that do not appear in the fossils of c…
Natural Selection
Evolutionary mechanism for species change.
39 terms
Chapter 15: Evolution
Evolution
Theory
fitness
adaptation
Change over time
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
an organism's ability to survive and reproduce
an inherited trait that increases an organisms's fitness
Evolution
Change over time
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
14 terms
Evolution Key Terms - Ch. 15
Evolution
Fossils
Natural Variation
Artificial selection
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
differences among individuals of a species
Selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
Evolution
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Fossils
Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
27 terms
Evolution (Ch. 15)
Old Earth Creationism (OEC)
Young Earth Creationism (YEC)
Intelligent Design
Theistic Evolution (Evolutionary Creat…
Belief that God created the universe &the world billions of y…
Belief that God created the universe < 10,000 yrs. ago
Theory that life/ the universe, cannot have risen by chance &…
...
Old Earth Creationism (OEC)
Belief that God created the universe &the world billions of y…
Young Earth Creationism (YEC)
Belief that God created the universe < 10,000 yrs. ago
13 terms
Evolution-chapter 15
evolution
theory
fossil
artificial selection
the gradual change in a species over time
Well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
preserved remains or marking left by an organism that lived i…
selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to prod…
evolution
the gradual change in a species over time
theory
Well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
31 terms
Ch. 15 Evolution
Evolution
Charles Darwin
Natural Selection
Natural Selection
The change in populations over time
Who first published ideas that were used as the basis for mod…
Darwin's studies provided the foundation for his theory of ev…
Mechanism for change in populations of species over time
Evolution
The change in populations over time
Charles Darwin
Who first published ideas that were used as the basis for mod…
23 terms
backo 15 Evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived trait
Selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
newly evolved features that do not appear in the fossils of c…
artificial selection
Selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
natural selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Ch. 15 + 16 Evolution
Wallace
Lyell
Lamarck (3)
Malthus
Co-discovered the theory of natural selection
Geologic processes gradually shaped the earth
1. Tendency towards complexity and perfection... 2. Acquired cha…
More offsprings are produced than can survive causing a strug…
Wallace
Co-discovered the theory of natural selection
Lyell
Geologic processes gradually shaped the earth
Evolution Ch. 13-15
CHAPTER 13
Natural Selection
Evolution as an editing process or cha…
The five fingers of evolution
...
The success of a species based upon reproduction being influe…
Occurs when natural selection produces changes in the gene po…
Pinkie Finger : a population can become smaller or shrink... Rin…
CHAPTER 13
...
Natural Selection
The success of a species based upon reproduction being influe…
27 terms
Biology- CH 15: Evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived trait
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on 4 ideas: ex…
hereditary changes in groups of organisms over time
new feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
artificial selection
Darwin's term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
natural selection
theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on 4 ideas: ex…
26 terms
Principles of Evolution (Ch. 15)
Natural Selection
Adaptation
descent with modification
Three major ideas of evolutionary change
Changes in species over time caused by the increased survival…
A favorable trait that evolves through natural selection
divergent species share a common ancestor and have diverged f…
1. Species change over time... 2. Descent with modification... 3. N…
Natural Selection
Changes in species over time caused by the increased survival…
Adaptation
A favorable trait that evolves through natural selection
13 terms
Darwin Evolution Chapter 15
evolution
theory
fossils
artificial selection
change in a given direction over time
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natura…
the perserved trace, imprint, or remains of a plant or animal
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
evolution
change in a given direction over time
theory
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natura…
38 terms
Evolution Ch. 15-16
Evolution
Theory
5 years
HMS Beagle
Change over time
Well-supported, testable explanation of something in the world
How long was Darwin's journey?
What ship did Darwin travel on?
Evolution
Change over time
Theory
Well-supported, testable explanation of something in the world
Ch. 15 + 16 Evolution
Directional selection
Stabilizing selection
Disruptive selection
Speciation
One extreme
More intermediate forms of a trait
Both extremes
Formation of new species
Directional selection
One extreme
Stabilizing selection
More intermediate forms of a trait
221 terms
Biology Spring 15 Evolution
Biogenesis
Heterogenesis
Tree of Life as a Catalog
Hierarchical Species
Every living organism comes from other pre-existing living or…
Some life can arise spontaneously from non-living matter
1) Hierarchical organization ... 2) Use of binomial nomenclature
1) Species 2) Genus 3) Family 4) Order 5) Class 6) Phylum 7)…
Biogenesis
Every living organism comes from other pre-existing living or…
Heterogenesis
Some life can arise spontaneously from non-living matter
1 of 10