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Study sets matching "evolution diversity"

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Study sets matching "evolution diversity"

60 terms
Evolution & Diversity
heterotroph hypothesis
heterotroph
autotroph
anaerobic organism
the hypothesis that the first organic compounds were formed b…
An organism that cannot make its own food.
An organism that can make its own food
An organism that does not require oxygen.
heterotroph hypothesis
the hypothesis that the first organic compounds were formed b…
heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
23 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Heterotroph Hypothesis
Anaerobic Organisms
Gene Pool
Genetic Variability
Earth's early atmosphere mostly hydrogen, water, ammonia, and…
organisms that do not require oxygen
all the genes of all the people in a population
the range of variation between genotypes in a gene pool
Heterotroph Hypothesis
Earth's early atmosphere mostly hydrogen, water, ammonia, and…
Anaerobic Organisms
organisms that do not require oxygen
65 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Microevolution
macroevolution
population
individuals dont evolve
within gene pool
new species
smallest group that can evolve and members of one species in…
populations evolve
Microevolution
within gene pool
macroevolution
new species
103 terms
evolution & diversity
Biology
Who discovered cells?
First person to examine fossils with a…
Cell theory
The study of living organisms
Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke
a cell is the smallest self contained component of life... all…
Biology
The study of living organisms
Who discovered cells?
Robert Hooke
23 terms
Evolution&Diversity
Capable of surviving or living succesf…
The formation of a new species by evol…
Same species diverging and having diff…
Structures that have different functions
Viable
Speciation
Divergent evolution
Homologous Structures
Capable of surviving or living succesf…
Viable
The formation of a new species by evol…
Speciation
8 terms
Diversity and Evolution
Evolution
How does evolution occur
How does natural selection occur
Overproduction
Evolution refers to the permanent genetic change in a populat…
Evolution occurs due to a change in the genetic make-up of a…
Individual organisms who happen to be best suited to an envir…
Species produce more young than will survive to reproductive…
Evolution
Evolution refers to the permanent genetic change in a populat…
How does evolution occur
Evolution occurs due to a change in the genetic make-up of a…
56 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Fossils
radioactive decay
one way to determine age of rock
absolute dating
preserved impressions/remains in sedimentary rocks of living…
method of dating rocks using radioactive isotopes... used for ig…
compare location of fossil sediment to other sedimentary rock…
used to determine a precise age of a fossil by measuring the…
Fossils
preserved impressions/remains in sedimentary rocks of living…
radioactive decay
method of dating rocks using radioactive isotopes... used for ig…
63 terms
Diversity and Evolution
Adaptive Radiation
Allopatric
Amniote egg
Amphibia
The development of several new species from one species that…
A mode of speciation induced when the ancestral population be…
The embryos of reptiles, birds, and mammals with four membran…
The class of chordates who lay their eggs and complete their…
Adaptive Radiation
The development of several new species from one species that…
Allopatric
A mode of speciation induced when the ancestral population be…
23 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Heterotroph Hypothesis
Anaerobic Organisms
Gene Pool
Genetic Variability
Earth's early atmosphere mostly hydrogen, water, ammonia, and…
organisms that do not require oxygen
all the genes of all the people in a population
the range of variation between genotypes in a gene pool
Heterotroph Hypothesis
Earth's early atmosphere mostly hydrogen, water, ammonia, and…
Anaerobic Organisms
organisms that do not require oxygen
86 terms
Evolution and diversity
heterotrophic hypothesis
heterotrophs
autotrophs
anaerobic organisms
the most primitive first life was heterotrophic
could not synthesize their own food
organisms that can make their own food using solar energy
organisms that function without oxygen
heterotrophic hypothesis
the most primitive first life was heterotrophic
heterotrophs
could not synthesize their own food
23 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Heterotroph Hypothesis
Anaerobic Organisms
Gene Pool
Genetic Variability
Earth's early atmosphere mostly hydrogen, water, ammonia, and…
organisms that do not require oxygen
all the genes of all the people in a population
the range of variation between genotypes in a gene pool
Heterotroph Hypothesis
Earth's early atmosphere mostly hydrogen, water, ammonia, and…
Anaerobic Organisms
organisms that do not require oxygen
29 terms
Evolution and Diversity
population
microevolution
macroevolution
Evidence of evolution
the change in the genes of a population on Earth over time
the changes in one gene pool of a population over generations
speciation, the formation of an entirely new species over time
fossil records, comparative anatomy, comparative biochemistry…
population
the change in the genes of a population on Earth over time
microevolution
the changes in one gene pool of a population over generations
37 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Fossils
Soft-body Fossils
Carbon Dating
Radioactive Decay
preserved impressions or remains in roks of living organisms…
occurs when animals die in anaerobi sediments that prerented…
used to determine the age of a fossil... used for material that…
the breakdown of an atomic nucleus resulting in the release o…
Fossils
preserved impressions or remains in roks of living organisms…
Soft-body Fossils
occurs when animals die in anaerobi sediments that prerented…
38 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Population
Evidence of Evolution
Changes in one gene pool of a population over generations
Speciation, the formation of an entirely new species
The smallest group that can evolve; all the members of one sp…
Fossil record, comparative anatomy, comparative biochemistry,…
Microevolution
Changes in one gene pool of a population over generations
Macroevolution
Speciation, the formation of an entirely new species
33 terms
Evolution and Diversity
What process produces analogous struct…
The endomembrane system includes:
A hormone that will be secreted from t…
What evidence suggests that mitochondr…
convergent evolution
golgi apparatus, lysosomes, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum
attached to the ER.
Almost all eukaryotes have mitochondria, but only some cells…
What process produces analogous struct…
convergent evolution
The endomembrane system includes:
golgi apparatus, lysosomes, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum
Evolution and diversity
microevolutioin
macroevolution
population
Evidence of evolution (6)
refers to the changes in one gene pool of a population over g…
refers to a speciation, for formation of an entirely new spec…
consists of all the members of one species in one place. Indi…
Fossil record, comparative anatomy... comparative biochem, compa…
microevolutioin
refers to the changes in one gene pool of a population over g…
macroevolution
refers to a speciation, for formation of an entirely new spec…
31 terms
Evolution and Diversity
what is the common ancestor of terrest…
What are advantages t terrestrial habi…
What were the obstacles to transitioni…
Differences between plants and algae
green algae
increase in sunlight and CO2... decrease of predators
roots, desiccation (drying out), sunlight (filtering), reprod…
plants: leaf performs photosynthesis... roots anchor the plant... a…
what is the common ancestor of terrest…
green algae
What are advantages t terrestrial habi…
increase in sunlight and CO2... decrease of predators
36 terms
Evolution & Diversity
Heterotroph Hypothesis
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Anaerobic Organisms
is the proposal that the first living organism was a Heterotr…
Organisms that feed on eating organic compounds, and couldn't…
Organisms that can make their own food using solar energy
Bacteria that do not live or grow where oxygen is present. Ox…
Heterotroph Hypothesis
is the proposal that the first living organism was a Heterotr…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that feed on eating organic compounds, and couldn't…
53 terms
Evolution & Diversity
gene pool
genetic variability
fossil record
random mutation
all the genes in a certain populations
each individual has a distinct set of genes
information gathered by paleontologists from the pasts
the cause of genetic variability
gene pool
all the genes in a certain populations
genetic variability
each individual has a distinct set of genes
49 terms
Evolution/Diversity
early atmosphere
genetic variability
evolution
cause of evolution
NO oxygen... hydrogen, ammonia, methane, water... anaerobic organisms
genotypes vary in any population... attributed to random mutation
change in a population's gene pool
genetic variability allows some individuals to be better comp…
early atmosphere
NO oxygen... hydrogen, ammonia, methane, water... anaerobic organisms
genetic variability
genotypes vary in any population... attributed to random mutation
Plant Diversity & Evolution
Acer saccharum
Acer rubrum
Carya glabra
Carya ovata
Sugar Maple
Red Maple
Pignut Hickory
Hickory: lots of little sharp teeth
Acer saccharum
Sugar Maple
Acer rubrum
Red Maple
53 terms
Evolution & Diversity
gene pool
genetic variability
fossil record
random mutation
all the genes in a certain populations
each individual has a distinct set of genes
information gathered by paleontologists from the pasts
the cause of genetic variability
gene pool
all the genes in a certain populations
genetic variability
each individual has a distinct set of genes
65 terms
evolution + diversity
dichotomous key
cladogram
phylogenetic tree
the seven taxas
a key to identifiy species through a series of questions
diagram to determine living things, branches with traits
a branching diagram showing the evolutionary relationships be…
kingdom phylum class order family genus species
dichotomous key
a key to identifiy species through a series of questions
cladogram
diagram to determine living things, branches with traits
21 terms
Evolution & Diversity
Convergent Evolution
Vestigial Structures
Evolution
Gene Pool
-Same basic anatomical features but different functions
-Structures that appear to be useless in modern day
-Change in gene frequency in a population of species over time
-Sum total of all the alleles in a population
Convergent Evolution
-Same basic anatomical features but different functions
Vestigial Structures
-Structures that appear to be useless in modern day
217 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Robert Hooke
cell theory
3 domains of life
DNA is formed by
discovered cells w cork
cells are the smallest self containing component of life
eukarya, bacteria, archea
two strands of polymerized nucleotides
Robert Hooke
discovered cells w cork
cell theory
cells are the smallest self containing component of life
45 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Natural selection
Population
Evolutionary adaptation
Evolution
Process which organisms with certain inherited traits are mor…
Group of individuals of same species
Populations increase in frequency of traits suited to environ…
Genetic composition of a population changes over time
Natural selection
Process which organisms with certain inherited traits are mor…
Population
Group of individuals of same species
56 terms
Evolution and diversity
Hetertroph hypothesis
heterotroph
autotroph
gene pool
A theory for how life developed on primitive earth. It states…
An organism that cannot make its own food.
An organism that makes its own food
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Hetertroph hypothesis
A theory for how life developed on primitive earth. It states…
heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
115 terms
Evolution & Diversity
evolution
fossils
strata
paleontology
descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
preserved remains of once-living organisms
layers of sediment that have formed over millions of years
the study of fossils
evolution
descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
fossils
preserved remains of once-living organisms
74 terms
Evolution and Diversity
microevolution
macroevolution
transitional fossils
Archaeopteryx
the changes in one gene pool of a population over generations
speciation
fossils that link older extinct fossils to modern species
a transitional fossil that shows both reptile and bird charac…
microevolution
the changes in one gene pool of a population over generations
macroevolution
speciation
30 terms
Diversity and Evolution
Classification
Why is classification useful
Domain
Naming system in biology
a process used to separate organisms into groups based on com…
It is useful as it allows easy grouping of organisms and allo…
1st
Binomial nomenclature (two parts - Genus species).
Classification
a process used to separate organisms into groups based on com…
Why is classification useful
It is useful as it allows easy grouping of organisms and allo…
84 terms
Evolution and Diversity
What is biology?
What is life?
9 characteristics of life
Homeostasis
Study of life
Sum of organized chemical reactions
-High degree of life... -Ability to reproduce... -Metabolism... -Growt…
Capacity of organisms to maintain a constant internal environ…
What is biology?
Study of life
What is life?
Sum of organized chemical reactions
46 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Today's atmosphere contains
Earth's original atmosphere contaiined
Heterotroph hypothesis
Autotrophs
78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen, and trace amounts of CO2, Helium an…
Hydrogen, Ammonia, Methane and Water
Lightning struck primordial soup, created cells were interest…
Organisms that make their own food using solar energy
Today's atmosphere contains
78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen, and trace amounts of CO2, Helium an…
Earth's original atmosphere contaiined
Hydrogen, Ammonia, Methane and Water
20 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Evolution
NeoDarwinian Principle of variation
NeoDarwinian Principle of heredity
NeoDarwinian Principle of selection
Process by which species change gradually over time... Arises fr…
Variations in morphology, physiology, and behavior occur amon…
Offspring resemble parents more than they resemble other memb…
Individuals with certain traits more successfully survive and…
Evolution
Process by which species change gradually over time... Arises fr…
NeoDarwinian Principle of variation
Variations in morphology, physiology, and behavior occur amon…
69 terms
Evolution and Diversity
old atmosphere
autotrophs
current atmosphere
gene pool
hydrogen, ammonia, methane, water
organisms that make own food
nitrogen + o2
all of the genes in a population
old atmosphere
hydrogen, ammonia, methane, water
autotrophs
organisms that make own food
53 terms
Evolution and Diversity
heterotroph hypothesis
nitrogen and oxygen
gene pool
genetic variability
the idea that early earth was mostly made up of hydrogen, amm…
today's atmosphere mostly contains...
all the genes of all the people in the whole population
each person in a pop. has a distinct set of genes, different…
heterotroph hypothesis
the idea that early earth was mostly made up of hydrogen, amm…
nitrogen and oxygen
today's atmosphere mostly contains...
34 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Allele
Discrete trait
Polygenetic trait
Species
one of a # of different genes
...
...
a group of similar organisms that can breed & produce fertile…
Allele
one of a # of different genes
Discrete trait
...
25 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Biology
DNA and Rna
Robert Hooke
Cells
Study of living organisms
Genetic material of living things
(1665-1703) Discovered cells
Discovered by Robert Hooke. Called cells because they represe…
Biology
Study of living organisms
DNA and Rna
Genetic material of living things
71 terms
Evolution and Diversity
nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, heli…
-hydrogen, ammonia, methane, water... -li…
heterotroph hypothesis
heterotrophs
today's atmosphere
early Earth's atmosphere
life began under the conditions of Earth's early atmosphere
first cells
nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, heli…
today's atmosphere
-hydrogen, ammonia, methane, water... -li…
early Earth's atmosphere
75 terms
evolution and diversity
fossil
fossil record
law of succession
biogenesis
any trace of organism that lived in the past
worldwide collection, the first things looked at
the general pattern of correspondence between fossil and livi…
first important principles to be developed... - the idea that li…
fossil
any trace of organism that lived in the past
fossil record
worldwide collection, the first things looked at
18 terms
Diversity and evolution
Difference between Classification and…
Explain binomial nomenclature
Describe the classification of species…
Explain the concept of the species
1) Group based on: characteristics vs evolutionary relationsh…
-System of naming ... -Proposed by Carolous Linnaeus ... -Consist o…
- Classification of organisms into categories... - based on simi…
1) Biological: organisms capable of interbreeding and produci…
Difference between Classification and…
1) Group based on: characteristics vs evolutionary relationsh…
Explain binomial nomenclature
-System of naming ... -Proposed by Carolous Linnaeus ... -Consist o…
65 terms
Evolution and Diversity
First life appeared one ________ years…
There is about ____% nitrogen
There is about ___% oxygen
Early earth was mostly made up of hydr…
billion
78
21
ammonia
First life appeared one ________ years…
billion
There is about ____% nitrogen
78
69 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Did heterotrophs or autotrophs evolve…
Did anaerobic or aerobic organisms evo…
What is the gas composition of the atm…
What was the gas composition of Earth'…
Heterotrophs
Anaerobic
78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, and carbon dioxide, helium, and neon
Hydrogen, ammonia, methane, and water -- NO oxygen
Did heterotrophs or autotrophs evolve…
Heterotrophs
Did anaerobic or aerobic organisms evo…
Anaerobic
29 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Origin of Life
Evidence of Evolution
rock and Fossil Formation
large and numerous gaps in the fossil…
Life on Earth began about 3.5 billion years ago, As opposed t…
Rock and Fossil Formation, Comparative Anatomy, Comparative E…
Fossils provide the only direct evidence of the history of ev…
due to remains and other traces of organisms are crushed or c…
Origin of Life
Life on Earth began about 3.5 billion years ago, As opposed t…
Evidence of Evolution
Rock and Fossil Formation, Comparative Anatomy, Comparative E…
81 terms
Evolution and diversity
heterotroph hypothesis
heterotroph
autotroph
anaerobic organisms
A theory stating life began on an earth with an atmosphere of…
An organism that gets it's energy from eating other things
An organism that makes it's own food via solar energy
organisms that do not need oxygen to survive
heterotroph hypothesis
A theory stating life began on an earth with an atmosphere of…
heterotroph
An organism that gets it's energy from eating other things
25 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Polyploidy
Habitat isolation
Behavioral isolation
temporal isolation
a type of mutation that results from errors during meiosis. p…
occurs when two organisms live in the same area but encounter…
when two animals become isolated from each other because of s…
time isolation. some organisms of one species living in the s…
Polyploidy
a type of mutation that results from errors during meiosis. p…
Habitat isolation
occurs when two organisms live in the same area but encounter…
22 terms
Evolution and Diversity
abiotic factor
Adaptation
Biotic factor
Climate
nonliving aspects of an environment
A change in the body or behavior of a species in response to…
living or once living aspects of an environment
the average weather conditions over a particular area over time
abiotic factor
nonliving aspects of an environment
Adaptation
A change in the body or behavior of a species in response to…
68 terms
Evolution and Diversity
heterotroph hypothesis
heterotrophs
autotrophs
anaerobic organisms
the earth's atmosphere started with little oxygen and had mor…
organisms that cannot synthesize their own food (humans)
organisms that made their own food using solar energy
organisms that don't need oxygen to live; there were a lot mo…
heterotroph hypothesis
the earth's atmosphere started with little oxygen and had mor…
heterotrophs
organisms that cannot synthesize their own food (humans)
47 terms
Evolution and Diversity
Carbonaceous microspheres found in
Akilia island had evidence of
Apex Chert cyanobacteria was actually
Wittenoom biomarkers e.g.
Isua
biofractionation
Amorphous graphite
2 methylhopanes and c28-c30 sterols
Carbonaceous microspheres found in
Isua
Akilia island had evidence of
biofractionation
60 terms
Evolution and Diversity
heterotroph hypothesis
heterotrophs
autotrophs
anaerobic organisms
theory stating that life began when the atmosphere contained…
must get food from other source
can create their own food
do not need oxygen to survive
heterotroph hypothesis
theory stating that life began when the atmosphere contained…
heterotrophs
must get food from other source
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