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Study sets matching "evolution guide"

Evolution Review Guide
A change in the proportion of inherite…
Natural selection
The process where organisms that are b…
Inherited traits that increase an orga…
What is "Evolution"?
What is the mechanism/driving force behind evolution?
Explain how natural selection works.
What are adaptations?
A change in the proportion of inherite…
What is "Evolution"?
Natural selection
What is the mechanism/driving force behind evolution?
50 terms
Evolution Study Guide
DNA Sequences
oxygen
geological time scale
Sediment, Ice, Rock
Molecular clocks are based off of
Earth's early atmosphere contained everything except
__________________ is a division of Earth's history into bloc…
Fossils are formed by being buried in
DNA Sequences
Molecular clocks are based off of
oxygen
Earth's early atmosphere contained everything except
9 terms
Evidences for Evolution Study Guide
Evolution
Evidences for evolution (name 3)
Fossils
Similarities and differences in DNA te…
Organisms change over time
Fossils... Genetic similarities and differences ... Comparative ana…
Bones and imprints of organisms that were once alive
If organisms have more DNA in common they are more closely re…
Evolution
Organisms change over time
Evidences for evolution (name 3)
Fossils... Genetic similarities and differences ... Comparative ana…
19 terms
Evolution Study Guide
natural selection
homologous structures
vestigial structure
artificial selection
darwin's theory of evolution is based on the ideas of variati…
whale flippers, bat wings, and cat legs are considered to be…
the tailbone in humans have have no clear function are exampl…
when a farmer breeds only his best livestock, the process inv…
natural selection
darwin's theory of evolution is based on the ideas of variati…
homologous structures
whale flippers, bat wings, and cat legs are considered to be…
100 terms
Evolution review guide
Darwin
Species
Natural selection
Genetic and Physical Variation
Charles Robert Darwin, FRS was an English naturalist and geol…
Group of organisms so similar that they can breed and produce…
Mechanism by which individuals that have inherited beneficial…
Variation in physical traits or genes of an individual from t…
Darwin
Charles Robert Darwin, FRS was an English naturalist and geol…
Species
Group of organisms so similar that they can breed and produce…
27 terms
Evolution test review guide
H0w old is the earth?
list the eras of earth in order starti…
which period are we currently in?
define evolution
4.6 billion years
precambrian- earth forms, rare fossils... paleozoic- pangaea for…
quaternary
the gradual change of species over time
H0w old is the earth?
4.6 billion years
list the eras of earth in order starti…
precambrian- earth forms, rare fossils... paleozoic- pangaea for…
24 terms
Evolution and Ecology Study Guide
Ecology
Organism
Population
Community
The study of the interaction of living organisms with the non…
A single, individual living thing.
A group of organisms of the same species living in the same a…
All life within a single ecosystem.
Ecology
The study of the interaction of living organisms with the non…
Organism
A single, individual living thing.
48 terms
Genetics & Evolution Review Guide (Evolution)
What is the Theory of Evolution?
True or False? Evolution always takes…
What is natural selection?
What is Common Descent with Modificati…
A change in the descendants of systems and organisms at the h…
False; Evolution is a gradual process that rarely happens dur…
The gradual process by which traits are either eliminated or…
The explanation for how new species are formed; think of Darw…
What is the Theory of Evolution?
A change in the descendants of systems and organisms at the h…
True or False? Evolution always takes…
False; Evolution is a gradual process that rarely happens dur…
Evolution Study Guide Pictures
stabilizing selection
directional selection
disruptive selection
gradualism
stabilizing selection
directional selection
25 terms
Evolution 2 Test Guide
What did Darwin Observe on his voyage?
What is an Adaption?
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Noticed 3 Patterns... Species Vary Globally EX: Bird Story... Speci…
A good trait that helps to increase an organism to survive an…
Humans select the best traits and continue to make it
Survival of the fittest ... Must survive and reproduce and change
What did Darwin Observe on his voyage?
Noticed 3 Patterns... Species Vary Globally EX: Bird Story... Speci…
What is an Adaption?
A good trait that helps to increase an organism to survive an…
8 terms
Darwin and Evolution Guide
evolution
fitness
artificial selection
fossil
the development of an organism to better its chances of survi…
an organisms ability to survive/reproduce in an environment
intentional breeding of a plant or animal
the remains of an organisms found in rocks
evolution
the development of an organism to better its chances of survi…
fitness
an organisms ability to survive/reproduce in an environment
59 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Charles Darwin
HMS Beagle
evolution
Darwin's observations
-English naturalist... -he studied the plants and animals of Sou…
-the ship in which Darwin sailed on a five-year voyage collec…
-change in a kind of organism over time... -process by which mod…
1. Variation of traits ... 2. Overproduction leads to competitio…
Charles Darwin
-English naturalist... -he studied the plants and animals of Sou…
HMS Beagle
-the ship in which Darwin sailed on a five-year voyage collec…
42 terms
Evolution Test Study Guide
What is the founders effect?
What is the bottleneck effect?
What are the four different types of i…
Which type of isolation consists of re…
A situation in which the allele frequencies change as a resul…
Occurs when there is a disaster of some sort that reduces the…
Reproductive ... Geographical ... Behavioral ... Temporal
Temporal Isolation
What is the founders effect?
A situation in which the allele frequencies change as a resul…
What is the bottleneck effect?
Occurs when there is a disaster of some sort that reduces the…
28 terms
Evolution Unit Study Guide
What is the difference between Darwin…
What is the difference between extinct…
How can we read and understand a fossi…
What can mutations do to living organi…
Darwin'define s Theory has evidence and explains natural sele…
Extinction: Result of a species NOT adapting to its environme…
We can read and understand a fossil record with stratigraphic…
Mutations can help the organism, hurt the organism, or do nei…
What is the difference between Darwin…
Darwin'define s Theory has evidence and explains natural sele…
What is the difference between extinct…
Extinction: Result of a species NOT adapting to its environme…
67 terms
Evolution Test Study Guide
Theory
Evolution
variation
genetic mutations
What is a well-supported, testable explanation of phenomena t…
What are changes in the inherited characteristics of an organ…
What is an inherited trait that makes one organism different…
What is variation caused by?
Theory
What is a well-supported, testable explanation of phenomena t…
Evolution
What are changes in the inherited characteristics of an organ…
13 terms
Biology Evolution Study Guide
evolution
artificial selection
fitness
adaptation
The process by which modern organisms have descended from anc…
Selective breeding for specific traits.
The ability to survive and reproduce
Any inherited characteristic or trait that increase an organi…
evolution
The process by which modern organisms have descended from anc…
artificial selection
Selective breeding for specific traits.
43 terms
Evolution Unit Study Guide
How does meiosis create genetic divers…
If you were going to measure how often…
Is natural selection a random process?
What is a gene pool?
By recombination of alleles
Allele frequency
No
The combined alleles of all the individuals in a population.
How does meiosis create genetic divers…
By recombination of alleles
If you were going to measure how often…
Allele frequency
10 terms
Biology Study Guide : Evolution
Evolution
fossil
adaptation
fitness
The process of change over time
The preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms.
any heritable characteristics that increases an organism's ab…
How well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environ…
Evolution
The process of change over time
fossil
The preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms.
57 terms
Biology - Evolution Study Guide
Allele Frequency
Fossil
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
1. how often certain alleles turn up within a population... 2.…
the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved…
intentional breeding of plants or animals
Process by which organisms with variations most suited to the…
Allele Frequency
1. how often certain alleles turn up within a population... 2.…
Fossil
the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved…
67 terms
Fox Evolution Study Guide
Phylogeny
Adaptation
Genetic drift
Gene flow
The part of biology that deals with evolutionary development
A feature that allows an organism to better survive in its en…
Changes in allele frequency's that are due to chance
The movement of alleles from one population to another
Phylogeny
The part of biology that deals with evolutionary development
Adaptation
A feature that allows an organism to better survive in its en…
8 terms
Evolution Guide 1
evolution
species
population
gene pool
the process by which different kinds of living organisms deve…
a group of individuals of the same species that can mate and…
individuals of the same species that live in the same geograp…
all the alleles present in every individual of a species or p…
evolution
the process by which different kinds of living organisms deve…
species
a group of individuals of the same species that can mate and…
9 terms
Evolution Vocabulary Guide
Evolution
variation
genetic mutations
adaptation
What are changes in the inherited characteristics of an organ…
What is an inherited trait that makes one organism different…
What is variation caused by?
What is any variation that makes an organism better suited fo…
Evolution
What are changes in the inherited characteristics of an organ…
variation
What is an inherited trait that makes one organism different…
17 terms
Evolution Review Guide
Pre-Cambrian
Paleozoic
Mesozoic
Cenozoic
-90% of Earth's history... -Earth formed when life first appeare…
-Cambrian explosion... -fish, land, plants, insects ... -tetrapods…
-mammals and dinosaurs ... -flowering plants ... -birds ... -dinosaurs…
-mammals are most dominant animals
Pre-Cambrian
-90% of Earth's history... -Earth formed when life first appeare…
Paleozoic
-Cambrian explosion... -fish, land, plants, insects ... -tetrapods…
25 terms
Evolution Study Guide 10
genetic drift
natural selection
sampling error
coalescent theory
random agent of evolution, change in the gene pool of a popul…
nonrandom agent of evolution, process in which individuals th…
the amount of inaccuracy in the estimate of some value of a p…
It attempts to trace all alleles of a gene shared by all memb…
genetic drift
random agent of evolution, change in the gene pool of a popul…
natural selection
nonrandom agent of evolution, process in which individuals th…
Evolution review guide
Darwin
Species
Natural Selection
Variation
Creator of natural selection theory
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
Mechanism by which individuals that have inherited beneficial…
Differences in physical traits of an individual from the grou…
Darwin
Creator of natural selection theory
Species
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
43 terms
evolution study guide
what did Darwin discover on his advent…
why were fossils important to Darwin?
what is natural selection
what was Lamarck's theory of evolution…
--he developed a theory that modern organisms evolved over lo…
they helped him discover that all species have a common ances…
"survival of the fittest" ... organisms with certain variations…
he thought that species acquired or lost traits based on if t…
what did Darwin discover on his advent…
--he developed a theory that modern organisms evolved over lo…
why were fossils important to Darwin?
they helped him discover that all species have a common ances…
36 terms
Evolution Review Guide
Darwin
finches
species
natural selection
an English naturalist that traveled the world studying plants…
what Darwin studied on the Galapagos Islands
a group of organisms that make up a breeding group to produce…
when a trait improves the chances for survival, the environme…
Darwin
an English naturalist that traveled the world studying plants…
finches
what Darwin studied on the Galapagos Islands
29 terms
Evolution Review Guide
Darwin
Species
Natural Selection
Variation
"father of evolution"
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
mechanism by which individuals that have inherited beneficial…
a different or distinct form or version of something
Darwin
"father of evolution"
Species
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
23 terms
Evolution Review Guide
Artificial selection
Camouflage
Gene pool
Allelic frequency
A technique in which the breeder selects a particular trait
A structural adaptation enabling an organism to blend in with…
The total number of genes present in a population
The percentage of a particular allele in a population
Artificial selection
A technique in which the breeder selects a particular trait
Camouflage
A structural adaptation enabling an organism to blend in with…
65 terms
Evolution review guide
Evolution
Evo fossil evidence
Derived traits
Ancestral traits
All the changes that have occurred in living things since lif…
The remains of past life. Shells, bones, teeth. They tell thi…
Newly evolved features such as feathers that don't appear in…
Primitive features such as teeth and tails that do appear in…
Evolution
All the changes that have occurred in living things since lif…
Evo fossil evidence
The remains of past life. Shells, bones, teeth. They tell thi…
55 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Evolutionary adaptation
Fossils
Biogeography
Homologous structures
Over hundreds of thousands or millions of years, a species of…
Preserved remains or edvidence of an ancient organism.
The geographical distribution of a species, suggested to Darw…
Structures that have different structure forms in different o…
Evolutionary adaptation
Over hundreds of thousands or millions of years, a species of…
Fossils
Preserved remains or edvidence of an ancient organism.
29 terms
Evolution Review Guide
Darwin
Species
Natural Selection
Variation
...
...
...
...
Darwin
...
Species
...
32 terms
Evolution Review Guide
Species
Natural Selection
Variation
Evolution
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they breed…
When a trait improves the chances of survival, the environmen…
Organisms (within populations) exhibit individual variation i…
Descent with modification
Species
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they breed…
Natural Selection
When a trait improves the chances of survival, the environmen…
33 terms
Evolution study guide
Levels of ecological organization
population
community
ecosystem
Organism --> population --> community --> ecosystem --> biosp…
a group of organisms of the same species in the same area
multiple populations
living and nonliving things (biotic and abiotic)
Levels of ecological organization
Organism --> population --> community --> ecosystem --> biosp…
population
a group of organisms of the same species in the same area
20 terms
Evolution Review guide
Spontaneous generation
Evolution
Natural selection
Adaptation
Hypothesis stating that life could arise from nonliving matter.
Change over time
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
A changing to fit new conditions
Spontaneous generation
Hypothesis stating that life could arise from nonliving matter.
Evolution
Change over time
44 terms
Evolution study guide
Adaptation
Adaptive Radiation
Allele Frequency
Analogy
Characteristics that give organisms a better chance at survival
A process in which an organism evolves into many different ne…
also known as gene frequency, it is the proportion of a parti…
structures that are similar in function but not in form
Adaptation
Characteristics that give organisms a better chance at survival
Adaptive Radiation
A process in which an organism evolves into many different ne…
32 terms
Evolution Ch. Review Guide
Classification of Modern Humans
Primate Characteristics
Strepsirrhines and Haplorhines
Haplorhines
Order- Primates... Family- Hominidae... Genus and Species- Homo sap…
Front facing eyes, color vision, flexible bodies, opposable t…
Two sub groups of Primates.
Ex: tarsiers, monkeys, and apes.... Larger than strepsirrhines,…
Classification of Modern Humans
Order- Primates... Family- Hominidae... Genus and Species- Homo sap…
Primate Characteristics
Front facing eyes, color vision, flexible bodies, opposable t…
61 terms
Evolution Review Guide
Four pieces of evidence to describe ho…
Fossils
What fossils tell us
Derived traits
Fossils, biogeography, Anatomy, biochemistry
Remains of past life, ie shells, bones, teeth, imprints
Age, habitat, diet, lifestyle
Newly evolved features that don't appear in fossils of common…
Four pieces of evidence to describe ho…
Fossils, biogeography, Anatomy, biochemistry
Fossils
Remains of past life, ie shells, bones, teeth, imprints
50 terms
Evolution Study Guide
humans
nature
variation
overproduction
artificial selection is where certain traits are manipulated…
natural selection is where ________ is the selective agent
heritable differences that make an individual unique
producing many offspring, some which may not survive
humans
artificial selection is where certain traits are manipulated…
nature
natural selection is where ________ is the selective agent
94 terms
Chapter 15: Evolution Guide
Artificial selection
Evolution
Natural selection
Derived traits
the process of directed breeding to produce offspring with de…
cumulative changes in groups of organisms through time.
the mechanism by which, if given enough time for, a populatio…
newly evolved features that do not appear in the fossils of c…
Artificial selection
the process of directed breeding to produce offspring with de…
Evolution
cumulative changes in groups of organisms through time.
19 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Natural Selection
Adaptation
Example of Adaptation
Homologous Structure
There are different levels of succession in reproduction base…
Used to describe changes in traits in populations over time.
The rough scales of a shark are used to help it move faster t…
anatomical structures that occur in different species and tha…
Natural Selection
There are different levels of succession in reproduction base…
Adaptation
Used to describe changes in traits in populations over time.
23 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Charles Darwin
Galapagos Islands
Evolution
Adaptation
-Evolution by "natural selection" (the weaker die out) wrote…
Chain of islands near South America where Darwin developed hi…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Charles Darwin
-Evolution by "natural selection" (the weaker die out) wrote…
Galapagos Islands
Chain of islands near South America where Darwin developed hi…
35 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Stabilizing selection
Directional selection
Disruptive selection
Gradualism
from of natural selection in which individuals near the cente…
Changing environmental conditions give rise to this type of n…
Natural selection in which individuals on both extremes of a…
The theory that organisms descend from a common ancestor grad…
Stabilizing selection
from of natural selection in which individuals near the cente…
Directional selection
Changing environmental conditions give rise to this type of n…
17 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Theory of Natural Selection
Overproduction
Variation
Adaptation
The accepted theory of how species evolve (change over time).…
Organism have more offspring than will survive
Within a species, there are variations of each trait.
Some of those variations give some members of the species a s…
Theory of Natural Selection
The accepted theory of how species evolve (change over time).…
Overproduction
Organism have more offspring than will survive
51 terms
Evolution Unit Study Guide
Adaption
analogous
allele
common descent
a change or the process of change by which an organism or spe…
(of structures) performing a similar function but having a di…
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by…
the scientific theory that all living organisms on Earth desc…
Adaption
a change or the process of change by which an organism or spe…
analogous
(of structures) performing a similar function but having a di…
25 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Darwin
Hutton
Wallace
Lamarck
English naturalist who made numerous observations during his…
Proposed that the Earth is shaped by geological forces over e…
Published his own theory of evolution by natural selection ab…
Proposed that the selective use or disuse of an organ led to…
Darwin
English naturalist who made numerous observations during his…
Hutton
Proposed that the Earth is shaped by geological forces over e…
31 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Species
Theory
Biological Evolution
Artificial Selection
Often defined as a group of organisms capable of interbreedin…
A well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natura…
A change in the genetic makeup of a population.
Human intervention in animal or plant reproduction to ensure…
Species
Often defined as a group of organisms capable of interbreedin…
Theory
A well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natura…
47 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Genetic Code
Fossil Record
Geologic Record
The Precambrian
The relationship between mRNA codons and the resulting amino…
The sequence of fossil that appear in rock strata in a chrono…
The history of the earth.
Earth's largest period (87% of world's history)... The first pro…
Genetic Code
The relationship between mRNA codons and the resulting amino…
Fossil Record
The sequence of fossil that appear in rock strata in a chrono…
19 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Scientific Theory
Evolutionary Theory
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
A well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or…
Set of testable hypotheses that assert that living organisms…
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Scientific Theory
A well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or…
Evolutionary Theory
Set of testable hypotheses that assert that living organisms…
36 terms
Evolution Study Guide
Artifical Selection
Natural Selection
Fitness
4 principles of natural selection
People select the traits that they want
The environment is the chooser
The measure of an organism ability to survive and produce off…
~variation of heritable traits... ~overproduction and struggle f…
Artifical Selection
People select the traits that they want
Natural Selection
The environment is the chooser
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