Study sets matching "evolution"

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Study sets matching "evolution"

20 terms
Evolution
Endangered species
Extinct
Fossil
Descended
A species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
moved to a lower place; came down
Endangered species
A species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
Extinct
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
20 terms
Evolution
Endangered species
Extinct
Fossil
Descended
A species in danger of becoming extinct in the near future
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
to move from a higher to a lower place or position
Endangered species
A species in danger of becoming extinct in the near future
Extinct
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
21 terms
Evolution
Endangered species
Extinct
Fossil
Descended
a species of animal or plant that is seriously at risk of ext…
Elimination of a species from earth
Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
having inherited genetic material from a relative
Endangered species
a species of animal or plant that is seriously at risk of ext…
Extinct
Elimination of a species from earth
EVOLUTION
Endangered species
Extinct
Descended
Fossil
Species that are almost done for ever
It's gone for ever
moved to a lower place; came down
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
Endangered species
Species that are almost done for ever
Extinct
It's gone for ever
9 terms
Evolution
Adaptation
Evolution
Ancestor
Cladogram
the process by which characteristics of a species change over…
the slow and gradual change in a species in response to chang…
an organism from which others have descended
a tree-like diagram that displays evolutionary relationships…
Adaptation
the process by which characteristics of a species change over…
Evolution
the slow and gradual change in a species in response to chang…
16 terms
Evolution
Extinction
Fossil
Natural Selection
Variation
Event that occurs when the last individual organism of a spec…
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
A process in nature in which organisms possessing certain inh…
Any difference between individuals of the same species.
Extinction
Event that occurs when the last individual organism of a spec…
Fossil
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
31 terms
Evolution
Endangered Species
Extinct Species
Evidence
Fossil
A species in danger of becoming extinct in the near future
A species that no longer exists.
Facts, statistics, examples, and comparisons that show why a…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
Endangered Species
A species in danger of becoming extinct in the near future
Extinct Species
A species that no longer exists.
Evolution
Endangered Species
Extinct Species
Evidence
Fossil
A species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
a species that has died out and no individuals are left.
Proof
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
Endangered Species
A species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
Extinct Species
a species that has died out and no individuals are left.
8 terms
Evolution
Fossil
Evolution
Natural Selection
Species
remains or traces of animals, plants, and other organisms tha…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
Fossil
remains or traces of animals, plants, and other organisms tha…
Evolution
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
30 terms
evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived trait
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
New feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
artificial selection
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
natural selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
26 terms
Evolution
Evolution
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Gradualism
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
...Catastrophism is the theory that the Earth has been affect…
Uniformitarianism is a geological doctrine. It states that cu…
a policy of gradual reform rather than sudden change or revol…
Evolution
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
Catastrophism
...Catastrophism is the theory that the Earth has been affect…
23 terms
Evolution
species
fossil
adaptation
evolution
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
90 terms
Evolution
close relatives
distant relatives
phylogeny
species at the tips of a tree
evolved to a separate species very recently
evolved to a separate species long ago
pattern of evolutionary relationships
extant species (current)
close relatives
evolved to a separate species very recently
distant relatives
evolved to a separate species long ago
11 terms
Evolution
Evolution
Natural selection
First stage of natural selection
Second stage of natural selection
the process caused by natural selection
the process that causes evolution, survival of the fittest
Genetic Variation
Struggle to survive (environmental pressures)
Evolution
the process caused by natural selection
Natural selection
the process that causes evolution, survival of the fittest
evolution
genes
offspring
Darwin
natural selection
determine genotype
the new products from reproduction
Theory of evolution
adaptations to a species through selection
genes
determine genotype
offspring
the new products from reproduction
41 terms
Evolution
Species
Natural Selection
Theory
Adaptation
organisms belonging to a group of organisms that having commo…
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
A well-substantiated, well-supported explanation of some aspe…
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Species
organisms belonging to a group of organisms that having commo…
Natural Selection
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
12 terms
Evolution
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Selective Breeding
Derived Trait
Darwins' term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
Theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on four ideas:…
Directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
New feature that has not appeared in common ancestors
Artificial Selection
Darwins' term for the selective breeding of organisms selecte…
Natural Selection
Theory of evolution developed by Darwin, based on four ideas:…
Evolution
evolution
adaptation
gradualism
stasis
change is species over time
a favorable variation
slow period of evolution over a long period of time
species remains stable or same
evolution
change is species over time
adaptation
a favorable variation
17 terms
Evolution
Spontaneous Generation
Theory of Evolution
Natural Selection
Endosymbiotic Theory
the idea that living organisms are created from nonliving mat…
theory that states that organisms have changed gradually over…
the idea that organisms better suited for their environment w…
theory that explains the origin of mitochondria and chloropla…
Spontaneous Generation
the idea that living organisms are created from nonliving mat…
Theory of Evolution
theory that states that organisms have changed gradually over…
22 terms
Evolution
Adaptation
Analogous structure
Ancestral trait
Biological fitness
Inherited characteristic that develops over time and helps a…
Structures in different species that have a similar function…
More-primitive (simpler) characteristic that was evident in a…
A measurement of how successful a trait is passed onto offspr…
Adaptation
Inherited characteristic that develops over time and helps a…
Analogous structure
Structures in different species that have a similar function…
13 terms
Evolution
Evolution
Environmental Pressure
Isolation
Geographical
The process of an organism changing over a period of time
The interaction of factors in an ecosystem that cause organis…
The removal of a group of organisms from the main group.
A separation that involves a physical barrier
Evolution
The process of an organism changing over a period of time
Environmental Pressure
The interaction of factors in an ecosystem that cause organis…
Evolution
adaptive radiation
analogous structure
biogeography
comparative anatomy
The process by which a single species evolves into many new s…
structures that are similar in unrelated organisms. The struc…
study of how and why plants and animals live where they do. A…
study of the similarities and differences in the structures o…
adaptive radiation
The process by which a single species evolves into many new s…
analogous structure
structures that are similar in unrelated organisms. The struc…
Evolution
Rd
Rt
Half-life
Ext
Is a technique used to date materials such as rocks and carbon
are radioactive isotopes of an element. Different isotopes of…
The biological half-life or terminal half-life of a substance…
is the end of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon),…
Rd
Is a technique used to date materials such as rocks and carbon
Rt
are radioactive isotopes of an element. Different isotopes of…
evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived trait
breeding of plants and animals to produce desirable traits
organisms that are better adapted in their environment tend t…
organisms developing overtime
trait present in organism but not in ancestor
artificial selection
breeding of plants and animals to produce desirable traits
natural selection
organisms that are better adapted in their environment tend t…
43 terms
Evolution
a change in the gene pool of populatio…
drastic reduction in population size
when a few individuals colonize a new…
populations may gain or lose alleles w…
genetic drift
bottle neck effect
founder effect
gene flow
a change in the gene pool of populatio…
genetic drift
drastic reduction in population size
bottle neck effect
Evolution
Natural Selection
Artifical Selection
Population
Adaption
A process where organisms who are best suited for their envir…
A process where HUMANS decide which organisms will survive, r…
A group of organisms of the SAME species in the SAME area at…
The process of change in a species' anatomy and/or behavior o…
Natural Selection
A process where organisms who are best suited for their envir…
Artifical Selection
A process where HUMANS decide which organisms will survive, r…
54 terms
evolution
evolution
organic evolution
theory
geologic record
process of change over time
existing forms of life have evolved from earlier forms over a…
concept that has been tested and confirmed in many ways and c…
oldest rocks appear to be about 4.5 billion years old. Timeta…
evolution
process of change over time
organic evolution
existing forms of life have evolved from earlier forms over a…
evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived trait
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
New feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
artificial selection
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
natural selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
24 terms
Evolution
evolution
genes
homologous structures
mutation
Change over time
Factors that control traits
Structures in different species that are similar because they…
A change in a gene or chromosome.
evolution
Change over time
genes
Factors that control traits
107 terms
Evolution
evolution
mutation
natural selection
Genetic drift
process that determines diversity of life ... ( result of random…
source of all genetic variation (random)
can act on new mutations to change it frequency in a populati…
random mutation allele frequencies change by chance
evolution
process that determines diversity of life ... ( result of random…
mutation
source of all genetic variation (random)
Evolution
Speciation
Species
Traits
Selective Breeding
Th process by which 2 populations become so different they ca…
A group of organisms that can mate to produce fertile offspring
The distinguishing qualities that can be passed on from paren…
Is the breeding of organisms that have a certain desired trait.
Speciation
Th process by which 2 populations become so different they ca…
Species
A group of organisms that can mate to produce fertile offspring
Evolution
Natural Selection
Artificial Selection
Population
Adaptation
a process where organisms who are best suited for their envir…
a process where HUMANS decide which organisms will survive, r…
a group of organisms of the SAME species in the SAME area at…
the process of change in a species' anatomy and/or behavior o…
Natural Selection
a process where organisms who are best suited for their envir…
Artificial Selection
a process where HUMANS decide which organisms will survive, r…
Evolution
5 Evidences Abbreviation
Biochemistry
Anatomy
Embryo
FABEC
dna
Bone structure
Early development
5 Evidences Abbreviation
FABEC
Biochemistry
dna
Evolution
Evolutions
Species
Fossils
Catastrophism
The process of biological change by which descendants evoluti…
A group of organism that can reproduce, and have fertile offs…
Are traces of organisms that existed in the past
Is the idea that past natural disasters--like floods and volc…
Evolutions
The process of biological change by which descendants evoluti…
Species
A group of organism that can reproduce, and have fertile offs…
Evolution
Evolution
Extinct
Endangered Species
Phylogenetic Tree
The scientific theory that all organisms have developed and d…
When the last member of a species dies without any surviving…
Species that have such a small population that they are in da…
Represents the evolutionary relationships among groups of org…
Evolution
The scientific theory that all organisms have developed and d…
Extinct
When the last member of a species dies without any surviving…
34 terms
Evolution
Natural Selection
Evolution
Speciation
Charles Darwin
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
A process typically caused by the genetic isolation from a ma…
English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolutio…
Natural Selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Evolution
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
27 terms
EVOLUTION
Endangered species
Extinct species
Evidence
Fossil
A species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
A species that no longer exists.
Collected body of data from observations and experiments
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
Endangered species
A species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
Extinct species
A species that no longer exists.
Evolution
Charles Darwin
Evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
English natural scientist who developed a theory of evolution…
process by which populations change over time
the selective breeding of organisms (by humans) for specific…
process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
Charles Darwin
English natural scientist who developed a theory of evolution…
Evolution
process by which populations change over time
13 terms
Evolution
abiogenesis
antibiotic resistance
adaptation
analogous structure
Living matter can come from non-living matter
the evolution of populations of pathogenic bacteria that anti…
An inherited characteristic that increases in a population be…
Similar in function but not structure
abiogenesis
Living matter can come from non-living matter
antibiotic resistance
the evolution of populations of pathogenic bacteria that anti…
Evolution
Biogeography
Comparative Morphology
Darwin's Goal
Darwin vs. everyone else
Study of patterns in geographic distributions of species
Study of body plans and structures
Scientific explanation for the diversity of life
Popular Opinion (1800s):... - earth and life created thousand ye…
Biogeography
Study of patterns in geographic distributions of species
Comparative Morphology
Study of body plans and structures
Evolution
Descent with modification
Natural selection
Variation
Evolutionary adaptation
Organisms related through descent from an ancestor.
A population can change over time if individuals that posses…
There are variations within a given species.
A form of evolutionary change in... which a population's charact…
Descent with modification
Organisms related through descent from an ancestor.
Natural selection
A population can change over time if individuals that posses…
14 terms
Evolution
Comparative Anatomy
Embryology
Stratigraphy
Molecular Evidence (DNA and protein co…
Physical Evolution
Erbroytic Evolution
study of rock layers to learn about Earth's History
DNA comparison to closely related organisms
Comparative Anatomy
Physical Evolution
Embryology
Erbroytic Evolution
17 terms
Evolution
Adaptation
Adaptive Radiation
Artificial Selection
Bipedal
Inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
Process by which a single species or small group of species e…
Selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
Term used to refer to two-footed locomotion.
Adaptation
Inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
Adaptive Radiation
Process by which a single species or small group of species e…
29 terms
Evolution
Evolution
Homologous Structure
Analogous Structure
Vestigial Structure
The change in genetic composition of a population over succes…
Having similar structure and anatomical position (but not nec…
An anatomical structure in one species that is similar in fun…
A remnant of a structure that may have had an important funct…
Evolution
The change in genetic composition of a population over succes…
Homologous Structure
Having similar structure and anatomical position (but not nec…
14 terms
Evolution
Evolution
Inbreeding
Selective agent
Isolation
change in the characteristics of a species over many generati…
selective breeeding in which closely related individuals are…
the environmental factor that acts of the population during n…
keeping interbreeding groups apart by some barrier or mechanism
Evolution
change in the characteristics of a species over many generati…
Inbreeding
selective breeeding in which closely related individuals are…
19 terms
Evolution
Allele
Allele Frequency
Analogous Structure
Competition
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (an alternative f…
The measure of the relative frequency of an allele at a genet…
A physical structure, present in multiple species, that is si…
When individuals or groups of organisms compete for similar r…
Allele
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (an alternative f…
Allele Frequency
The measure of the relative frequency of an allele at a genet…
19 terms
Evolution
mutation
adaptation
natural selection
Charles Darwin
mistake or change to the DNA; can cause the development and e…
special characteristics that allow an animal to survive in a…
when an organism is better adapted to their environment, they…
proposed the theory that evolution happens as a result of nat…
mutation
mistake or change to the DNA; can cause the development and e…
adaptation
special characteristics that allow an animal to survive in a…
19 terms
Evolution
Evidence for Descent with modification
Geographic Isolation
Darwin's Four Postulates
Hardy Weinberg
Fossil Record, Vestigial Traits, Homologies
species must adapt to different environments... Steps: ... 1. popul…
1. variation exists among individuals within a population or…
p2+2pq+q2=1... Assumptions:... 1. random mating... 2. No Genetic Drift…
Evidence for Descent with modification
Fossil Record, Vestigial Traits, Homologies
Geographic Isolation
species must adapt to different environments... Steps: ... 1. popul…
22 terms
Evolution
adaptation
natural selection
homologous structure
vestigial structure
heritable characteristic that increases an organism's ability…
process by which organisms that are most suited to their envi…
structures that are similar in different species of common an…
structure that is inherited from ancestors but has lost much…
adaptation
heritable characteristic that increases an organism's ability…
natural selection
process by which organisms that are most suited to their envi…
Evolution
Incomplete dominace is
Codominance
polygenetic traits
Two Parents is what type of reproduction
a blended type result a pink flower from a red and white
Both traits are seen like a black and white cow
multiple genes affect the trait
Sexual reproduction
Incomplete dominace is
a blended type result a pink flower from a red and white
Codominance
Both traits are seen like a black and white cow
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