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Study sets matching "exam 1 gis microbiology"

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Study sets matching "exam 1 gis microbiology"

30 terms
Systems 4 Exam 1: GI Microbiology
Movement of "stuff" through small inte…
Movement of "stuff" through large inte…
Obesity & bacteria
High fat diets
Rapid, within a few hours... Acidic... Few bacteria... Metabolism via…
Slow, 1-2 days... Minimal acid... More bacteria than small intestin…
More gram + (much better at food breakdown and energy storage)
Immune responses occur, favor gram + bacteria
Movement of "stuff" through small inte…
Rapid, within a few hours... Acidic... Few bacteria... Metabolism via…
Movement of "stuff" through large inte…
Slow, 1-2 days... Minimal acid... More bacteria than small intestin…
GIS exam 1
GIS
3 types of geometry
5 components of GIS
6 key functions
computerized database management system for... the capture, stor…
Points... Lines... Polygons
People... Data... Software... Analysis... Hardware
capture... store... query... analyze... display... output
GIS
computerized database management system for... the capture, stor…
3 types of geometry
Points... Lines... Polygons
61 terms
GIS exam 1
Father of Geography
Dr. John Snow
Jack Dangermond
ESRI
c. 200 BC - Eratosthenes, Father of Geography... calculates ci…
1854 -... London Cholera Outbreak
1964 - Harvard University Lab For Computer Graphics & Spatia…
ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Father of Geography
c. 200 BC - Eratosthenes, Father of Geography... calculates ci…
Dr. John Snow
1854 -... London Cholera Outbreak
61 terms
GIS Exam 1
Interchange File
Import/Export
Import
Export
Proprietary zipping/conversion format to convert coverages in…
The process of copying data files to a new location while sim…
Takes external data and converts it to current format
Takes current data and converts it to external format
Interchange File
Proprietary zipping/conversion format to convert coverages in…
Import/Export
The process of copying data files to a new location while sim…
54 terms
GI Microbiology
Cestodes
Nematodes
** Diphyllobotherium Latum
** Enterobius vermicularis
Tapeworms ... Flat and segmented... Lack digestive system... Hermaphod…
Round Worms (Nice and Round) ... Nonsegmented ... sexual ... complete…
Anal Discomfort/GI Parasite... "Broad" tapeworm of small intesti…
Anal pruritis/Anal Discomfort/GI parasite... Nematode/roundworm…
Cestodes
Tapeworms ... Flat and segmented... Lack digestive system... Hermaphod…
Nematodes
Round Worms (Nice and Round) ... Nonsegmented ... sexual ... complete…
172 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Axopodia
3 types of vacuoles
Selective toxicity
mycoses
thin, needle-like pseudopodium with a central core of microtu…
1) contractile... 2) secretory... 3) food/phagocytic
ability of a drug to kill or inhibit pathogen while damaging…
disease caused by fungi
Axopodia
thin, needle-like pseudopodium with a central core of microtu…
3 types of vacuoles
1) contractile... 2) secretory... 3) food/phagocytic
60 terms
Adv GIS Exam 1
What is a map?
1) all maps are concerned with location
2) all map are scaled reductions of re…
3) all maps involve transformations of…
Simple definition: a map is a scale model of the surface of t…
- the location of features and the feature attributes... - the l…
map scale is the relationship between the map and reality
map projection - mathematical transformation used to represen…
What is a map?
Simple definition: a map is a scale model of the surface of t…
1) all maps are concerned with location
- the location of features and the feature attributes... - the l…
60 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
BSC
Colonization
Disinfection
Fomite... Vehicle
Enclosure where one can work with relatively dangerous organi…
the process in which a microorganism is able to survive and t…
Process to destroy pathogenic organisms
an inanimate object that may be contaminated with microorgani…
BSC
Enclosure where one can work with relatively dangerous organi…
Colonization
the process in which a microorganism is able to survive and t…
71 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
virus
bacteria
protists
protozoa
acellular organism; obligate intracellular parasites
prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea)
eukaryotes; include protazoa and algae
"first animal"; very diverse; unicellular; can be very comple…
virus
acellular organism; obligate intracellular parasites
bacteria
prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea)
91 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Pathogenic
Virulence
What is virulence factor?
Bioremediation
microbes that cause disease
degree of pathogenicity
any characteristic or structure of the microbe that contribut…
The use of living organisms to detoxify and restore polluted…
Pathogenic
microbes that cause disease
Virulence
degree of pathogenicity
36 terms
GIS Exam 1
Natural Breaks
Equal Interval
Quantile
Standard Deviation
Breaks down data based on gaps and the separation of numbers;…
Each subcategory should have the same ranges; using the min/m…
Categories contain an equal number of entries
Calculate the mean/standard deviation of values in a data set
Natural Breaks
Breaks down data based on gaps and the separation of numbers;…
Equal Interval
Each subcategory should have the same ranges; using the min/m…
255 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is microbiology?
What are microorganisms?
What are the two themes of microbiology?
What comprises the largest mass of liv…
The study of microorganisms
Includes different microscopic microorganisms that exist as s…
1. Understanding basic life processes: Microbes are excellent…
Microorganisms
What is microbiology?
The study of microorganisms
What are microorganisms?
Includes different microscopic microorganisms that exist as s…
47 terms
Microbiology- Exam 1
Define eucaryotes
Define procaryotes
Examples of eucaryotes
Examples of procaryotes
- larger, more complex cells that contain a nucleus and membr…
- small, relatively simple, non-nucleated cells, lacks membra…
Animals, plants, fungi, and protists; microorganisms include:…
Bacteria and archaea; all are microorganisms
Define eucaryotes
- larger, more complex cells that contain a nucleus and membr…
Define procaryotes
- small, relatively simple, non-nucleated cells, lacks membra…
236 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microorganisms include
The nature of microogranisms
Fundamental characteristics of cells
when did single-celled organisms arise?
-bacteria... -algae... -protozoa... -helminths... -viruses... -fungi
-reproduce rapidly... -can be quickly grown in large populations…
-cells tend to be spherical, polygonal, cubical, or cylindric…
3.5 billion years ago
Microorganisms include
-bacteria... -algae... -protozoa... -helminths... -viruses... -fungi
The nature of microogranisms
-reproduce rapidly... -can be quickly grown in large populations…
40 terms
GI Microbiology
Group A (which has 5 serotypes, of whi…
Significant world-wide pathogen in chi…
Rotavirus transmitted via ... 1. Fecal or…
dsRNA, segmented genome
Most prevalent group of rotavirus in US
Vaccination
transmission
classification
Group A (which has 5 serotypes, of whi…
Most prevalent group of rotavirus in US
Significant world-wide pathogen in chi…
Vaccination
136 terms
Microbiology - Lecture 1 - GI Viruses
How many types of Hepatitis viruses ar…
What are the 2 groupings of Hepatitis…
What is characteristic of Hepatitis A…
What is characteristic of Hepatitis B,…
5:... -A... -B... -C... -D... -E
-A & E... -B, C, D
Milder/acute... Not chronic states... Non-enveloped icosahedral vir…
More severe... Can become chronic
How many types of Hepatitis viruses ar…
5:... -A... -B... -C... -D... -E
What are the 2 groupings of Hepatitis…
-A & E... -B, C, D
18 terms
1.5 Microbiology of the GI tract
Antibiotics
Vitamin K
Enhanced uptake of nutrients
Bacteroides ... FIrmicutes
Bacteria can produce colicin and bacteriocin - what are these?
What vitamin is synthesized by out gut flora that we cannot s…
What does the change in gut microbiota seen in pregnancy lead…
What bacteria species are decreased in IBD patients?
Antibiotics
Bacteria can produce colicin and bacteriocin - what are these?
Vitamin K
What vitamin is synthesized by out gut flora that we cannot s…
24 terms
Microbiology- GI
Clostridium difficle
Clostridium perfringens
Bacillus cereus
Staphylococcus aureus
G+... Acute diarrhea (antibiotic assoc.); endogenous... Acute dia…
G+... Acute diarrhea and/or vomiting (food poisoning); vehicle…
G+... Acute diarrhea and/or vomiting (food poisoning); vehicle…
G+... Acute diarrhea and/or vomiting (food poisoning);vehicle (…
Clostridium difficle
G+... Acute diarrhea (antibiotic assoc.); endogenous... Acute dia…
Clostridium perfringens
G+... Acute diarrhea and/or vomiting (food poisoning); vehicle…
136 terms
Microbiology - Lecture 1 - GI Viruses
How many types of Hepatitis viruses ar…
What are the 2 groupings of Hepatitis…
What is characteristic of Hepatitis A…
What is characteristic of Hepatitis B,…
5:... -A... -B... -C... -D... -E
-A & E... -B, C, D
Milder/acute... Not chronic states... Non-enveloped icosahedral vir…
More severe... Can become chronic
How many types of Hepatitis viruses ar…
5:... -A... -B... -C... -D... -E
What are the 2 groupings of Hepatitis…
-A & E... -B, C, D
97 terms
Microbiology exam 1
Genus
Specific epithet
Bacteria
Three domains
The first part of name
Species name
Single-celled (unicellular) organisms. They are called prokar…
By: Carl Woese. 1. Bacteria (cell wall containing peptidoglyc…
Genus
The first part of name
Specific epithet
Species name
62 terms
GIS exam 1
The person, the data, the computer
-Printed maps can become obsolete... -can…
-accessible without needing specialize…
John snow
What is GIS?
Advantages to GIS
Advantages to printed maps
Plotted data about people on a map to gain spatial insights;…
The person, the data, the computer
What is GIS?
-Printed maps can become obsolete... -can…
Advantages to GIS
63 terms
Exam 1 Nursing Microbiology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Virus
Microbiology
-- bacteria... -- no nucleus and generally no other organelles... -…
-- animals, plants, fungi, and protozoa... -- contain organelles…
-- not living... -- obligate parasites: infects other (appropria…
The study of living things too small to be seen without magni…
Prokaryotes
-- bacteria... -- no nucleus and generally no other organelles... -…
Eukaryotes
-- animals, plants, fungi, and protozoa... -- contain organelles…
79 terms
GIS Exam 1
Geographic Information System
GISystems are a tool
GISystems consist of...
GIScience
A computer based system to aid in the collection, maintenance…
Automated system of the capture, storage, retrieval, analysis…
A data input system... A data storage and retrieval system... A dat…
The scientific discipline that studies data structures, compu…
Geographic Information System
A computer based system to aid in the collection, maintenance…
GISystems are a tool
Automated system of the capture, storage, retrieval, analysis…
74 terms
GIS Exam 1
data layers
GIS
GIS is reliant on...
6 parts of a GIS
sets of data representing different phenomena that can be pre…
concerned with the description, explanation, and prediction o…
1. spatial location (Earth's surface)... 2. information (makes r…
1. Hardware (computer)... 2. Software (ArcGIS)... 3. Data (spatial…
data layers
sets of data representing different phenomena that can be pre…
GIS
concerned with the description, explanation, and prediction o…
105 terms
GIS Exam 1
Who and what is an example of early GIS?
Logical Data Model
raster
type of raster data
Dr. Snow and the mapping of cholera outbreak in London
how data are organized for use by GIS
a matrix of cells organized into rows and columns where each…
class code; table ID; physical analog; statistic value; point…
Who and what is an example of early GIS?
Dr. Snow and the mapping of cholera outbreak in London
Logical Data Model
how data are organized for use by GIS
24 terms
GIS exam1
GIS definition
(3) Example of Info output capability
(2) Example Geospatial analysis and ma…
(1) Example database
1. Database... 2. Tools for geospatial analysis/management... 3. In…
Computer monitor, plotter, printer
Calculate polygon area, create new polygon, attribute points,…
Oracle, DB2, mySQL
GIS definition
1. Database... 2. Tools for geospatial analysis/management... 3. In…
(3) Example of Info output capability
Computer monitor, plotter, printer
52 terms
GIS exam 1
What is GIS?
4 parts of a GIS
Hardware needed for GIS
Software needed for GIS
Geographic Information System... "A computer system for capturin…
Hardware... Software... People... Infrastructure
Need windows...pc or program on mac
Proprietary (what we use)... Freeware... Online portals... We are goin…
What is GIS?
Geographic Information System... "A computer system for capturin…
4 parts of a GIS
Hardware... Software... People... Infrastructure
99 terms
GIS Exam 1
GIS definition
Common uses for GIS
Geodatabase
Scale
-The complete sequence of components for acquiring, processin…
-Management of resources... -Investigations of the earth's surfa…
-ArcGIS's newest data model for storing geographic informatio…
Translation factor between one unit on the map and same unit…
GIS definition
-The complete sequence of components for acquiring, processin…
Common uses for GIS
-Management of resources... -Investigations of the earth's surfa…
GIS Exam 1
What is a "layer"?
What is a shapefile?
Points
Lines
A layer in ArcMap/GIS is a "file that stores the path to a so…
A shapefile (.shp) is a vector data storage format for storin…
Contains a X, Y, and sometimes Z value. A single point in space
Will contain coordinate pairs (and maybe z) and will represen…
What is a "layer"?
A layer in ArcMap/GIS is a "file that stores the path to a so…
What is a shapefile?
A shapefile (.shp) is a vector data storage format for storin…
51 terms
GI microbiology
Hep A virus details
Hep C virus details
Simiprivir, paritaprevir (-previr)
Sofosbuvir, dasabuvir (-buvir)
member of the picornavirus family that has a +ss RNA genome a…
member of the flavivirus family. is a ss +RNA enveoloped viru…
Ns3/4A serine protease inhibitors that are used to treat HepC…
NS5B RNA depndendent RNA polymerase inhibitors used to treat…
Hep A virus details
member of the picornavirus family that has a +ss RNA genome a…
Hep C virus details
member of the flavivirus family. is a ss +RNA enveoloped viru…
114 terms
GIS exam 1
GIS
coordinates
spatial data model
longitude
a computer-based system to aid in the collection, maintenance…
numbers that describe the position of something on Earth.
the objects in a spatial database plus the relationships amon…
vertical circles around the globe that represent east to west…
GIS
a computer-based system to aid in the collection, maintenance…
coordinates
numbers that describe the position of something on Earth.
62 terms
GIS exam 1
Cartography
Thematic map
Qualitative
Quantitative
Study of philosophical and theoretical rules of mapping
Additional info about what is where
Categorical- What/things
Numeric- how much
Cartography
Study of philosophical and theoretical rules of mapping
Thematic map
Additional info about what is where
51 terms
GI microbiology
Hep A virus details
Hep C virus details
Simiprivir, paritaprevir (-previr)
Sofosbuvir, dasabuvir (-buvir)
member of the picornavirus family that has a +ss RNA genome a…
member of the flavivirus family. is a ss +RNA enveoloped viru…
Ns3/4A serine protease inhibitors that are used to treat HepC…
NS5B RNA depndendent RNA polymerase inhibitors used to treat…
Hep A virus details
member of the picornavirus family that has a +ss RNA genome a…
Hep C virus details
member of the flavivirus family. is a ss +RNA enveoloped viru…
100 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What was the importance of Zacharias J…
What years were Leeuwenhoek "active"?
What was the importance between the Ro…
What was the importance of Robert Hooke?
Created "first" microscope in the late 1500's
1673-1723
It was the only scientific publication at the time
First scientist/naturalist to describe cells. He looked at mo…
What was the importance of Zacharias J…
Created "first" microscope in the late 1500's
What years were Leeuwenhoek "active"?
1673-1723
87 terms
Exam 1 GIS
GIS
Geodesy
oblate ellipsoid
Authalic sphere
complete sequence of components for acquiring, processing, st…
study of size and shape of earth
earth's rotation around short/minor axis
simplify things by using small scale map (smaller than 1:5,00…
GIS
complete sequence of components for acquiring, processing, st…
Geodesy
study of size and shape of earth
Microbiology Exam 1
Microbiology
Genus Species
characteristics of bacteria
morphology
study of microbes
Streptococcus pneumoniae
size: 5 to 10 m... 1 m = 0.001mm ... 1 nm = 0.000001 mm
shape
Microbiology
study of microbes
Genus Species
Streptococcus pneumoniae
53 terms
GIS Exam 1
What is GIS?
Not GIS
three main types of geospatial data
Vector
Geographic information system... a collection of tools to build,…
Graphic Arts or CAD (computer-aided drafting)... Not just digi…
Rastor, Vector, image
represents... geographic features through points, lines, and pol…
What is GIS?
Geographic information system... a collection of tools to build,…
Not GIS
Graphic Arts or CAD (computer-aided drafting)... Not just digi…
38 terms
GI Microbiology
Giardia Lamblia
Beef tapeworm disease (Taenia saginata)
Beef tapeworm egg
Giardia trophozoite
Acquired from untreated water sources. Presents as explosive…
Affects southwestern areas of US. Causes epigastric discomfor…
what dis?
what dis?
Giardia Lamblia
Acquired from untreated water sources. Presents as explosive…
Beef tapeworm disease (Taenia saginata)
Affects southwestern areas of US. Causes epigastric discomfor…
32 terms
GIS vocab exam 1
GIS
Scale
Projections
Equal-area
Geospatial data and analysis and problem solving... A system de…
ration between distance on the map and the corresponding dist…
A systematic representation of all or part of the surface of…
preserves area
GIS
Geospatial data and analysis and problem solving... A system de…
Scale
ration between distance on the map and the corresponding dist…
GIS exam 1
Explain the four different aspects of…
Thematic Attribute (aspect of geograph…
Location (aspect of geographic info)
Spatial topology (aspect of geographic…
1. Location... -Where it is (lat, long)... 2. Time... -When it happens…
What is it?... -Type of geographic features... -Descriptive propert…
Where is it?... -Spatial location of geographic features... -Need t…
How are the two things related in space?... -Spatial relationshi…
Explain the four different aspects of…
1. Location... -Where it is (lat, long)... 2. Time... -When it happens…
Thematic Attribute (aspect of geograph…
What is it?... -Type of geographic features... -Descriptive propert…
74 terms
GIS Exam 1
Geographic Information Systems
Components of GIS
GIS view of the world
Vector
An information system that combines spatial mapping and analy…
-Hardware... -Software... -Procedures designed to support the captu…
-arranges information as a set of spatial layers... -each layer…
-Has discrete objects: points, lines and polygons... -Its object…
Geographic Information Systems
An information system that combines spatial mapping and analy…
Components of GIS
-Hardware... -Software... -Procedures designed to support the captu…
79 terms
GIS Exam 1
GIS Definition
Spatial Data
Spatially Related Questions (3)
DBMS
A computer-based system to aid in the collection, maintenance…
Data with a "spatial component" describing where something is…
1. The spatial distribution of objects... 2. The relationship be…
A computer based system that allows you to store, update, que…
GIS Definition
A computer-based system to aid in the collection, maintenance…
Spatial Data
Data with a "spatial component" describing where something is…
116 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Theory of Spontaneous Generation
3 scientist associated with the Theory…
Dutch drapery merchant that took his fabric very seriously, a…
created the compound microscope, but lenses weren't as qualit…
"bloodless animals can reproduce not via sexes but can arise…
Francesco Redi, Louis Pasteur, and John Tyndall
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Dutch drapery merchant that took his fabric very seriously, a…
Robert Hooke
created the compound microscope, but lenses weren't as qualit…
165 terms
GIS Exam 1
What is a GIS? How can GIS be used?
What are the components of a GIS?
What is "data?" How are geographic dat…
What types of geographic data are there?
Geographic Information Systems are a computer based system th…
Hardware, Software (ArcGis), Data (census), Users
Data is the information input into a GIS system. ... Geographic…
Vector & Raster
What is a GIS? How can GIS be used?
Geographic Information Systems are a computer based system th…
What are the components of a GIS?
Hardware, Software (ArcGis), Data (census), Users
225 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the most common shapes of bac…
What are some difference between a spi…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Haem…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Bord…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
The shape is coccus
The shape is coccobacillus
What are the most common shapes of bac…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
What are some difference between a spi…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
132 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Robert Hook
A.V. Leeuwenhoek
Louis Pasteur
Robert Koch
-built a compound microscope and used it to observe thin slic…
-made and used lenses to observe living microorganisms... -Obser…
Disproved spontaneous generation... ○ he sterilized water in a f…
created germ theory &... Koch's postulates
Robert Hook
-built a compound microscope and used it to observe thin slic…
A.V. Leeuwenhoek
-made and used lenses to observe living microorganisms... -Obser…
27 terms
GI Microbiology
giardia lamblia
beef tapeworm (taenia saginata)
pork tapeworm (taenia solium)
fish tapeworm (diphyllobothrium latum)
Sx: diarrhea for 4 wks w/ foul stools; upper abdominal cramps…
Sx: epigastric discomfort, nausea, irritability, diarrhea, we…
Sx: neurocysticerosis, CNS lesions... Dx: eggs or proglottids in…
Sx: epigastric pain, abdominal cramps, vomiting, weight loss…
giardia lamblia
Sx: diarrhea for 4 wks w/ foul stools; upper abdominal cramps…
beef tapeworm (taenia saginata)
Sx: epigastric discomfort, nausea, irritability, diarrhea, we…
87 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
cocci (coccus)
diplococci
streptococci
staphylococci
spheres, streptococcus is an example
pairs of spheres
chains of spheres
grape like clusters
cocci (coccus)
spheres, streptococcus is an example
diplococci
pairs of spheres
47 terms
GIS exam 1
Datum
Coordinate systems
Map Projections
North American Datum of 1983
specifications of a measurement system, usually a system of c…
framework of points, lines, and surfaces. Used to define posi…
method to display the curved surface of the earth as a flat s…
geocentric datum and coordinate system used in North America.
Datum
specifications of a measurement system, usually a system of c…
Coordinate systems
framework of points, lines, and surfaces. Used to define posi…
75 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Examples of Prokaryotes
Examples of Eukaryotes
1. Circular DNA... 2. No Nucleus... 3. No Organelles... 4. Fission
1. Linear DNA... 2. Nucleus... 3. Membrane-bound organelles... 4. Mito…
Bacteria and archaea
Fungi, protists, plants, and animals
Prokaryotes
1. Circular DNA... 2. No Nucleus... 3. No Organelles... 4. Fission
Eukaryotes
1. Linear DNA... 2. Nucleus... 3. Membrane-bound organelles... 4. Mito…
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