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Study sets matching "exam 3 crim pro"

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Study sets matching "exam 3 crim pro"

90 terms
Crim Pro Exam 3
Code of Hammurabi
Mosaic Law
Common-law Punishment
American Bill of Rights
"an eye for an eye"
mandated severe but proportionate punishment based on retribu…
death for most felonies, theory of general deterrence
prohibited the imposition of cruel and unusual punishment, no…
Code of Hammurabi
"an eye for an eye"
Mosaic Law
mandated severe but proportionate punishment based on retribu…
31 terms
Crim Pro Exam 3
Which case held that a person cannot b…
Which case held that schools don't nee…
Which case held that the police can ob…
Once police have a consent to search a…
Birchfield v. North Dakota
New Jersey v. TLO
United States v. Grubbs
Fla. v. Jimeno
Which case held that a person cannot b…
Birchfield v. North Dakota
Which case held that schools don't nee…
New Jersey v. TLO
99 terms
exam 3 (crim pro)
Why do we have a right to council?
6th amendment (right to speedy trial)
14th amendment (due process)
What is the purpose of a trial?
-without adequate representation, you will most likely not ge…
-criminal prosecutions... - right to a speedy and public trial,…
-State and federal citizenship for all persons regardless of…
-in a criminal case, the purpose is to do justice, and to pun…
Why do we have a right to council?
-without adequate representation, you will most likely not ge…
6th amendment (right to speedy trial)
-criminal prosecutions... - right to a speedy and public trial,…
24 terms
Crim Pro Exam 3 Cases
Payton v. New York
Connally v. Georgia
Florence v. Board of Chosen Freeholder…
Tennessee v. Garner
Which case held that in the absence of exigent circumstances…
Which case held that a magistrate who only gets paid when he…
Which case held that strip searches are valid if the arrest o…
Which case held that it is constitutionally reasonable for a…
Payton v. New York
Which case held that in the absence of exigent circumstances…
Connally v. Georgia
Which case held that a magistrate who only gets paid when he…
14 terms
Crim Pro Chapter 3
Property intentionally discarded by th…
The area immediately surrounding the h…
Informal police stops of individuals.
Protection from govt. intrusion; areas…
abandoned property
curtilage
encounters
expectation of privacy
Property intentionally discarded by th…
abandoned property
The area immediately surrounding the h…
curtilage
295 terms
Crim and Crim Pro
Remember: if you get ICED for a crime,…
I - INCHOATE CRIMES AND ACCOMPLICE LIA…
C - CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS (11) AND PR…
E - ELEMENTS OF A CRIME (4)
Inchoate Crimes and Accomplice Liability... Crimes Against Perso…
1 Attempt... 2 Solicitation... 3 Conspiracy... 4 Accomplice Liability
Persons (11)... 1 Battery... 2 Mayhem (CL, Modern "Aggravated Batte…
1 Mental State (Mens Rea)... 2 Act (Actus Reus)... 3 Concurrence... 4…
Remember: if you get ICED for a crime,…
Inchoate Crimes and Accomplice Liability... Crimes Against Perso…
I - INCHOATE CRIMES AND ACCOMPLICE LIA…
1 Attempt... 2 Solicitation... 3 Conspiracy... 4 Accomplice Liability
10 terms
Crim Pro 3
Police Stop
Informant's Tip
Stop vs. Arrest
Scope of permissible frisk
- Standard: whether a reasonable person would have believed t…
Factors:... - Whether informant has predicted future events that…
- Factors:... 1) No longer than reasonably necessary;... 2) No mo…
- Limited to search for weapons or other sources of danger, n…
Police Stop
- Standard: whether a reasonable person would have believed t…
Informant's Tip
Factors:... - Whether informant has predicted future events that…
40 terms
Crim Pro Exam 3 Chapter 8-10
Confession
Due Process Voluntariness Approach
Brown v. Mississippi
Determining Voluntariness
when a person implicates themselves in criminal activity foll…
the requirements that any confession be voluntarily
Ruled that a defendant's involuntary confession that extracte…
1. police conduct during questioning ... 2. characteristics of t…
Confession
when a person implicates themselves in criminal activity foll…
Due Process Voluntariness Approach
the requirements that any confession be voluntarily
31 terms
test 3 crim pro
Payton v New York
When is a warrant needed?
What is the exception to not needing a…
Who can issue a warrant?
In the absence of exigent circumstances or consent, the polic…
A Warrant is needed if the offense is not committed in the of…
Domestic violence cases
Only a neutral and detached magistrate
Payton v New York
In the absence of exigent circumstances or consent, the polic…
When is a warrant needed?
A Warrant is needed if the offense is not committed in the of…
40 terms
Crim Pro 3
US v. Di Re (again) (Are people contai…
Chambers v. Maroney, 1970 (Inherent Mo…
California v. Carney, 1985
Chapman v. US, 1961
Di Re searched and discovered to be holding gas and fuel rati…
Chambers arrested for robbing gas station; cops seize his car…
Carney arrested running a drugs-for-sex operation in his moto…
Bridgaman owns, rents a house; learns a new tenant has moved…
US v. Di Re (again) (Are people contai…
Di Re searched and discovered to be holding gas and fuel rati…
Chambers v. Maroney, 1970 (Inherent Mo…
Chambers arrested for robbing gas station; cops seize his car…
102 terms
Crim Pro 3
What is the basis for the rules regard…
What was the standard coming out of Br…
US v Bagley Facts, Rationale
What is the rule coming out of US v Ba…
Baseline is the Const, but also lots of jurisdiction specific…
Prosecutors must disclose evidence upon request favorable to…
Prosecution Disclosure; 1985; D indicted for narcotics and fi…
Defines test for materiality if D doesn't request, makes a ge…
What is the basis for the rules regard…
Baseline is the Const, but also lots of jurisdiction specific…
What was the standard coming out of Br…
Prosecutors must disclose evidence upon request favorable to…
20 terms
CRJS 480 Crim Pro Exam 3 Cases
Williams v. Florida (1970)
Ballew v. Georgia (1978)
Batson v. Kentucky (1986)
United States v. Scheffer (1998)
The size of twelve jurors is not a constitutional requirement…
Fewer than 6 jurors on a panel is unconstitutional
No reason is needed to exercise a peremptory challenge unless…
Polygraphs not accepted in court
Williams v. Florida (1970)
The size of twelve jurors is not a constitutional requirement…
Ballew v. Georgia (1978)
Fewer than 6 jurors on a panel is unconstitutional
52 terms
Crim Pro
Edwards
Wong Sun
Herring
Leon
If defendant asks for lawyer, police must immediately and scr…
Attenuation can allow fruits of a poisonous tree
Negligence on the part of law enforcement officer does not tr…
Establishes good faith exception in execution of warrants
Edwards
If defendant asks for lawyer, police must immediately and scr…
Wong Sun
Attenuation can allow fruits of a poisonous tree
35 terms
Crim Pro Chapter 1-3
Silverthorne Lumber v. United States
Fruit of the Poisonous Tree
Exceptions to Fruit of the Poisonous T…
Inevitable exception
Federal agents illegally seized tax book from company leading…
Evidence obtain illegally will be excluded from case and all…
1. inevitable exception... 2. impeachment exception
The evidence would have been found anyway. Even if evidence l…
Silverthorne Lumber v. United States
Federal agents illegally seized tax book from company leading…
Fruit of the Poisonous Tree
Evidence obtain illegally will be excluded from case and all…
18 terms
CrimPro: Chapter 1-3
What do the police need in order to co…
Who hands down an indictment?
Who hands down an information?
When is an indictment or information r…
reasonable suspicion of: ... 1) guilt and... 2) that the suspect ma…
A grand jury
A judge at a preliminary hearing
For a felony case
What do the police need in order to co…
reasonable suspicion of: ... 1) guilt and... 2) that the suspect ma…
Who hands down an indictment?
A grand jury
17 terms
BAR - TX Crim Pro (3)
What is the charging instrument for a…
When is it appropriate to use a compla…
When is it appropriate to use an infor…
What are the formal requisites of the…
Ds have a constitutional right to be charged only by grand ju…
In misdemeanor cases before a justice of the peace or municpa…
In any case except for felonies where D hasn't waived, capita…
(1) Official signature by the grand jury foreman/prosecutor o…
What is the charging instrument for a…
Ds have a constitutional right to be charged only by grand ju…
When is it appropriate to use a compla…
In misdemeanor cases before a justice of the peace or municpa…
25 terms
Crim Pro
"Plain view" is a frequently used exce…
Plain View Examples
In Coolidge v. New Hampshire, 403 U.S.…
Similarly, in Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.…
The "plain view" exception justifies the seizure of evidence…
For example, suppose that a police officer walking down a cit…
the police seized the defendant's car from his driveway becau…
although the police validly entered an apartment to search fo…
"Plain view" is a frequently used exce…
The "plain view" exception justifies the seizure of evidence…
Plain View Examples
For example, suppose that a police officer walking down a cit…
108 terms
Crim Pro
6th Amdt (overview)
5th Amdt (overview)
4th Amdt (overview)
14th Amdt (overview)
Right to: confrontation, public and speedy trial, jury trial,…
No self-incrimination; No Double Jeopardy; Due Process; Grand…
Probable cause standard; Search and Seizure
Equal protection; applies others to states
6th Amdt (overview)
Right to: confrontation, public and speedy trial, jury trial,…
5th Amdt (overview)
No self-incrimination; No Double Jeopardy; Due Process; Grand…
52 terms
Crim Pro
Exclusionary Rule
Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Doctrine (…
(FPTD) Exception
Independent source
Prohibits the introduction of evidence obtained in violation…
Evidence derived or obtained from illegal govt. conduct is ex…
Makes illegally obtained evidence admissible.... 1) Independent…
govt. had an independent source for obtaining the evidence, i…
Exclusionary Rule
Prohibits the introduction of evidence obtained in violation…
Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Doctrine (…
Evidence derived or obtained from illegal govt. conduct is ex…
11 terms
Crim Pro
4A
4A applied
Under exclusionary rule
Under the plain view exception
protects against unreasonable search and seizures
to states via the 14A DPC
evidence obtained in violation of 4a usually may not be used…
a police officer may make a warrantless seizure if the office…
4A
protects against unreasonable search and seizures
4A applied
to states via the 14A DPC
161 terms
Crim Pro
Key Amendments in Criminal Procedure…
Fifth Amendment:,
Sixth Amendment:,
Eighth Amendment... (Rarely tested),
prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure.;
1. Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination;... 2. Prohib…
1. Right to a speedy trial;... 2. Right to a trial by jury;... 3. R…
prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment.... 1. The deat…
Key Amendments in Criminal Procedure…
prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure.;
Fifth Amendment:,
1. Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination;... 2. Prohib…
130 terms
Crim Pro
US constitution & MD declaration of ri…
MD non-constitutional common law
incorporation doctrine
4th amendment search & seizure clause
US - 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, 14th... In pari materia - construed to…
confessions and double jeopardy
bill of rights applies directly to federal gov't only... applied…
applicable to states through the 14th amendment due process c…
US constitution & MD declaration of ri…
US - 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, 14th... In pari materia - construed to…
MD non-constitutional common law
confessions and double jeopardy
30 terms
CRIM PRO
Katz v. US (1967)
Kyllo v. US (2001)
Carroll v. US (1925)
Arizona v. Gant (2009)
Is it a search? Search occurs when an investigation intrudes…
"Where, as here, the Government uses a device that is not in…
Automobile Exception: police may search an automobile without…
SITA when applied to vehicles: Limitation to SITA, area from…
Katz v. US (1967)
Is it a search? Search occurs when an investigation intrudes…
Kyllo v. US (2001)
"Where, as here, the Government uses a device that is not in…
94 terms
Crim Pro
Constitutional Protections Apply to .…
Silver Patter Doctrine
Arrests and Seizures of Persons, Gener…
4th Amendment
ONLY to government action. ... EXCEPTIONS:... 1. Private persons a…
When govn't is handed over evidence of a crime by a private c…
In general, police can approach anyone in a public place, and…
A person has a 4th Amendment right to be free from unreasonab…
Constitutional Protections Apply to .…
ONLY to government action. ... EXCEPTIONS:... 1. Private persons a…
Silver Patter Doctrine
When govn't is handed over evidence of a crime by a private c…
127 terms
Crim Pro
Sources of Law
Searches and Seizures - Four Global Is…
Searches and Seizures: Determining whe…
Searches and Seizures: Was it executed…
4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 14 Amendments
1. Whether search or seizure is governed by 4th Amendment... 2.…
1. Search or seizure executed by a gov't agent.... 2. Was the se…
1. Publicly paid police (on or off duty)... 2. Private citizens…
Sources of Law
4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 14 Amendments
Searches and Seizures - Four Global Is…
1. Whether search or seizure is governed by 4th Amendment... 2.…
52 terms
Crim Pro 1 Quiz 3
Animus Furandi
Larceny Common Law
Larceny Present Law Includes
Lost Property
aggressiveness intent to steal
property is tangible things; things that make you not able to…
tangible and intangible things
finding lost property and keeping it, sometimes can be charge…
Animus Furandi
aggressiveness intent to steal
Larceny Common Law
property is tangible things; things that make you not able to…
21 terms
Crim Pro
Searches and seizures
Seizure
Valid warrant
Exceptions to warrantless search
The 4th Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizure…
Seizure occurs when an officer, by physical force or show of…
To be valid, a warrant must (i) be issued by a detached and n…
Exigent circumstances (hot pursuit), search incident to arres…
Searches and seizures
The 4th Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizure…
Seizure
Seizure occurs when an officer, by physical force or show of…
9 terms
Crim Pro
Pre-trial Identification
Stop and Frisk
Auto Exception
Impounded Vehicles
Under the due process clause, a defendant may challenge a pre…
When police have a reasonable suspicion based on articulable…
Under the automobile exception to the 4th Amendment's warrant…
Officers can search an impounded vehicle with out a warrant a…
Pre-trial Identification
Under the due process clause, a defendant may challenge a pre…
Stop and Frisk
When police have a reasonable suspicion based on articulable…
109 terms
Crim Pro
Who is protected by the 4th amendment…
Verdugo
State Action
TLO
to be protected must be ... 1) part of our national community, O…
a MX citizen arrested in US for drug trafficking. He had no 4…
-government agent... -acting under orders or request of gov agen…
student caught smoking in bathroom - searched her purse, ct s…
Who is protected by the 4th amendment…
to be protected must be ... 1) part of our national community, O…
Verdugo
a MX citizen arrested in US for drug trafficking. He had no 4…
32 terms
Crim Pro
Bill of Rights
Brown v. Mississippi
Wolf v. Colorado
Justifications for Exclusionary Rule
Federal--Applies directly... States--Applies via Due Process ... Cl…
The conviction and sentence were void for want of the essenti…
The security of one's privacy against arbitrary intrusion by…
Deterrence of future violations... Court legitimacy--don't endor…
Bill of Rights
Federal--Applies directly... States--Applies via Due Process ... Cl…
Brown v. Mississippi
The conviction and sentence were void for want of the essenti…
368 terms
Crim pro
how do you determine whether something…
4 things that have not been incorporated
When is the right to a counsel in crim…
Are prisoners constitutionally entitle…
1. Selective Incorporation - 14th Amendment encompasses only…
i. Right to grand jury has not been incorporated ... ii. Excessi…
the 6th amendment and 14th amendment guarantee right to jury…
no. Osborne.
how do you determine whether something…
1. Selective Incorporation - 14th Amendment encompasses only…
4 things that have not been incorporated
i. Right to grand jury has not been incorporated ... ii. Excessi…
41 terms
Crim Pro
Katz
Kyllo
Md V. Smith
Jardines
Phone-booth. Test for search- Reasonable expectation of priva…
(1)Thermal imaging device. (2)Using a sense enhancing device,…
Pen-register, collecting defendant's dialed numbers. ... That w…
Police approach J's home without a warrant, but with a drug s…
Katz
Phone-booth. Test for search- Reasonable expectation of priva…
Kyllo
(1)Thermal imaging device. (2)Using a sense enhancing device,…
31 terms
Crim pro
Sixth amendment interference by police
Sixth amendment
Undercover officer
Fifth Amendment
Once sixth amendment attaches, statements that a defendant ma…
Offense specific standard - only applies for interrogations a…
Fifth amendment rights are not implicated by undercover cop a…
- The Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination protec…
Sixth amendment interference by police
Once sixth amendment attaches, statements that a defendant ma…
Sixth amendment
Offense specific standard - only applies for interrogations a…
8 terms
Crim Pro
Fourth Amendment
Fifth Amendment
Sixth Amendment
Eighth Amendment
Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures, and…
i. privilege against compulsory self-incrimination... ii. *pro…
i. right to speedy trial... ii. right to a public trial... iii.…
Prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment
Fourth Amendment
Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures, and…
Fifth Amendment
i. privilege against compulsory self-incrimination... ii. *pro…
20 terms
Crim Pro
Prosecutorial Discretion
Selective Prosecution Claim
Incorporation Doctrine
Selective Incorporation Test
Lawful so long as probable cause to believe accused committed…
Dispel presumption that prosecutor acted lawfully so long as…
Provisions of the Bill of Rights made applicable to states th…
1. Whether constitutional right is incorporated in the concep…
Prosecutorial Discretion
Lawful so long as probable cause to believe accused committed…
Selective Prosecution Claim
Dispel presumption that prosecutor acted lawfully so long as…
27 terms
Crim Pro
4th amendment
5th amendment
6th amendment
8th amendment
Provides that people should be free from unreasonable searche…
Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination; and prohibit…
Right to a speedy trial; right to a trial by jury; right to c…
Prohibition against cruel & unusual punishment
4th amendment
Provides that people should be free from unreasonable searche…
5th amendment
Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination; and prohibit…
13 terms
Crim Pro
Jury Trial MI
Right to attorney
At scene IDs
Double jeopary
Right attaches if punishable by any jail time ... 12 jurors req…
Only violated if actually incarcerated after conviction... Appl…
Permissible unless cops have more than mere suspicion or "ver…
Fifth Amendment, applied to states through 14th... MI- same ele…
Jury Trial MI
Right attaches if punishable by any jail time ... 12 jurors req…
Right to attorney
Only violated if actually incarcerated after conviction... Appl…
97 terms
Crim Pro
Exclusionary Rule
3 Pillars of Exclusionary Rule
Scope of Exclusionary Rule
Fruit of The Poison Tree Doctrine (Def)
Evidence collected/analyzed that violates D's 4th, 5th, or 6t…
1) Gives meaning to 4th amendment (protection itself); 2) Det…
Applies to both physical and verbal evidence
Government obtained evidence by violating D's constitutional…
Exclusionary Rule
Evidence collected/analyzed that violates D's 4th, 5th, or 6t…
3 Pillars of Exclusionary Rule
1) Gives meaning to 4th amendment (protection itself); 2) Det…
64 terms
Crim Pro
4th amendment search & seizure clause
3 requirements for application of 4th…
accosting
seizure
applicable to the states through the 14th amendment due proce…
There must have been a state action... The defendant must have s…
is an encounter with a state actor where a reasonable person…
is an encounter with a state actor where a reasonable person…
4th amendment search & seizure clause
applicable to the states through the 14th amendment due proce…
3 requirements for application of 4th…
There must have been a state action... The defendant must have s…
54 terms
Crim Pro
Exclusionary Rule
Limitations to the exclusionary rule
Fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine
Ways in which the fruit of the tree ch…
Remedy to exclude the product of an illegal search or coerced…
Does not apply to:... 1. GJ proceedings... 2. Civil proceedings... 3.…
Exclusionary rule applies to both the illegally seized evid &…
Gov't can show:... 1. Ind source for the evid... 2. Inevitable disc…
Exclusionary Rule
Remedy to exclude the product of an illegal search or coerced…
Limitations to the exclusionary rule
Does not apply to:... 1. GJ proceedings... 2. Civil proceedings... 3.…
123 terms
Crim Pro
Probable Cause for Arrest
Probable Cause for Search
Probable cause: subjective or objective?
Whren
facs and circumstances w/in officer's personal knowledge and…
Facs and circumstances w/in officer's personal knowledge and…
Objective. If there is objective PC, the officer's subjective…
If PC objectively exists to make an arrest or conduct a searc…
Probable Cause for Arrest
facs and circumstances w/in officer's personal knowledge and…
Probable Cause for Search
Facs and circumstances w/in officer's personal knowledge and…
94 terms
CRIM PRO
Violation of Due Process Test
Palko Test
2 Requirements that are necessary for…
Selective Incorporation
Is a hardship so acute and shocking that policy will not endu…
The Supreme Court defines due process of law as the essence/s…
1. Not an essence of a scheme of ordered liberty... 2. If its ab…
Ct. must selectively incorporate rights that are found to be…
Violation of Due Process Test
Is a hardship so acute and shocking that policy will not endu…
Palko Test
The Supreme Court defines due process of law as the essence/s…
60 terms
Crim Pro
4th Amendment: Generally
5th Amendment: Generally
6th Amendment
8th Amendment
Prohibition against unreasonable search & seizure
Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination; prohibition…
Right to a speedy trial; right to a trial by jury; right to c…
Prohibition against cruel & unusual punishment. The death pen…
4th Amendment: Generally
Prohibition against unreasonable search & seizure
5th Amendment: Generally
Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination; prohibition…
17 terms
Crim Pro
Search
Siezure
Warrant Requirements
Typical Warrant Problems
When government conduct invades one's reasonable expectation…
Intentional termination of freedom of moment through force or…
(1) neutral and detached magistrate... (2) probable cause to bel…
Lack of Probable Cause-- underlying affidavit invalid... Includ…
Search
When government conduct invades one's reasonable expectation…
Siezure
Intentional termination of freedom of moment through force or…
30 terms
crim pro
unincorporated rights
4th seizure of person
4th arrest (PC)
Terry Stop and Frisk/property seizures
5th GJ... 8th right to bail
under TOC ... reasonable person would not feel free ... to decline…
police take into custody ... against D's will ... for prosecution o…
1. RAS of crime to detain... 2. RAS of A&D to frisk for weapons…
unincorporated rights
5th GJ... 8th right to bail
4th seizure of person
under TOC ... reasonable person would not feel free ... to decline…
28 terms
Crim Pro
4A
To obtain a valid warrant, the gov't m…
For a search warrant to issue
A search or arrest warrant must be
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures, and guarantees…
demonstrate probable cause
It must be more probable than not that evidence of a crime or…
sufficiently particular as to the place or person to be searc…
4A
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures, and guarantees…
To obtain a valid warrant, the gov't m…
demonstrate probable cause
39 terms
Crim Pro
Seizure
Stop and Frisk/Terry Stops
Traffic Stops
Arrests
Occurs when an officer, by means of physical force or show of…
An officer can stop an individual when the officer has reason…
Officers can pat-down the suspect; do not need reasonable sus…
- Officer must have probable cause to believe that the arrest…
Seizure
Occurs when an officer, by means of physical force or show of…
Stop and Frisk/Terry Stops
An officer can stop an individual when the officer has reason…
16 terms
crim pro
Fourth Amendment
search
seizure
Hester
the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses…
...
...
in hot pursuit, things dropped in an open field can be collec…
Fourth Amendment
the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses…
search
...
80 terms
Crim Pro
Timing of 6th Amendment
5 Adversarial Judicial Proceeding Trig…
Critical Stage of Prosecution Requirem…
Classification of Crimes
Adversarial judicial proceedings commence AND Critical stage…
1. Indictment... 2. Information (charging w/ crime)... 3. Arraignme…
1. D confronted at trial by procedural system/adversary AND... 2…
1. Felony: >1 yr. AUTOMATIC right to counsel... 2. Misdemeanor:…
Timing of 6th Amendment
Adversarial judicial proceedings commence AND Critical stage…
5 Adversarial Judicial Proceeding Trig…
1. Indictment... 2. Information (charging w/ crime)... 3. Arraignme…
85 terms
Crim Pro
S&S - OVERVIEW
S&S Step 1:
S&S Step 2:
S&S Step 3:
1) Whether the S&S is governed by the 4A... 2) Whether the S&S c…
For the 4A to apply, there must be an affirmative answer to 4…
Did the S/S conducted pursuant to search warrant satisfy 4A r…
Is the warrantless search through which criminal evidence was…
S&S - OVERVIEW
1) Whether the S&S is governed by the 4A... 2) Whether the S&S c…
S&S Step 1:
For the 4A to apply, there must be an affirmative answer to 4…
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