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Study sets matching "exam 3 wildlife ecology"

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Study sets matching "exam 3 wildlife ecology"

86 terms
Wildlife Ecology & Conservation Exam 3
acclimation
benthic
biomes
biotic
an environmentally induced change through long term exposure…
pertaining to the lowermost region of an aquatic system
large, relatively distinct ecological systems characterized b…
life or act of living
acclimation
an environmentally induced change through long term exposure…
benthic
pertaining to the lowermost region of an aquatic system
45 terms
Wildlife Ecology exam 3
Range of Tolerance
Energy is a common denominator of tha…
Community
Community members exchange:
Occupation of a particular habitat/community is usually limit…
1. Food Habits (energy intake)... 2. Food Assimilation (Digestib…
the living or biotic part of an ecosystem
Nutrients and Energy
Range of Tolerance
Occupation of a particular habitat/community is usually limit…
Energy is a common denominator of tha…
1. Food Habits (energy intake)... 2. Food Assimilation (Digestib…
Wildlife Ecology exam 3
Habitat
Biotic components
Abiotic
Measurement of basal metabolic rate
The environment where an organism lives.
(living) prey, predators, competitors
(nonliving) water, nutrients, microclimate
Measured at rest... Measured at a Thermal neutral zone... On an emp…
Habitat
The environment where an organism lives.
Biotic components
(living) prey, predators, competitors
30 terms
Wildlife Ecology Exam 3
Which would be most successful within…
Competition may result in
True or False: The species diversity i…
Which influence the structure of a tro…
generalist omnivore
increased diversity... species loss... decreased diversity
false
2nd Law of Thermodynamics... plant biomass... energy flow
Which would be most successful within…
generalist omnivore
Competition may result in
increased diversity... species loss... decreased diversity
42 terms
Exam 3 Wildlife Ecology
Acclimation
Biomes
Biota
Biotic
An environmentally induced change through long term exposure…
large, relatively distinct ecological systems characterized b…
all the plants and animals within an area or region
life or act of living
Acclimation
An environmentally induced change through long term exposure…
Biomes
large, relatively distinct ecological systems characterized b…
37 terms
Wildlife Ecology Exam 3
Metapopulation
Generation time
Semelparity
Iteroparity
a group of subpopulations living in different locations that…
the average age of the parents of all offspring produced by a…
breed once
breed repeatedly
Metapopulation
a group of subpopulations living in different locations that…
Generation time
the average age of the parents of all offspring produced by a…
79 terms
Wildlife Ecology Exam 3
How to predators hunt?
What do predators need to be successful?
What kind of prey do they choose?
Hornaday view
-ambush... -pursuit... -intermediate (both)
-large areas... -weakened prey
-odd prey
-protect species, eradicate prey
How to predators hunt?
-ambush... -pursuit... -intermediate (both)
What do predators need to be successful?
-large areas... -weakened prey
106 terms
Wildlife ecology 1303 exam 3
Chapter 10
what predators do humans generally hat…
What traits do predators and prey have…
Name 3 ways predators catch prey (hint…
...
we hate cayotes and wolves and mountain lions. We tolerate li…
predators- they have speed agility and teeth claws and smell…
ambush ... persuit... intermediate
Chapter 10
...
what predators do humans generally hat…
we hate cayotes and wolves and mountain lions. We tolerate li…
23 terms
Wildlife and Ecology Exam 3
All members of a community exchange __…
Competition may result in:... a. increase…
Predation functions within a community…
Which statement is true?... a. Producers…
Energy
d.) increased diversity, species loss, decreased diversity.
d.) energy flow, population regulation, community stability
a. Producers fix and manufacture organic compounds, and decom…
All members of a community exchange __…
Energy
Competition may result in:... a. increase…
d.) increased diversity, species loss, decreased diversity.
84 terms
Wildlife Habitat Ecology Exam 3
Fundamental Principle of Limiting Reso…
Food
Nutrition
Range quality
providing quality habitat throughout annual cycle for wildlif…
increased food supply common in SE US... all food sources do not…
common focal point of wildlife research (food source)
number of corpora lutea = number of eggs ovulated... greater dif…
Fundamental Principle of Limiting Reso…
providing quality habitat throughout annual cycle for wildlif…
Food
increased food supply common in SE US... all food sources do not…
22 terms
Wildlife Physiological Ecology Exam 3
Units of Oxygen
Oxygen
Calculate PP of O2 at 1800 ft
Why does Hb bind reversibly to O2
barometric pressure (mmHg)... 760 mmHg = 1 atmosphere (atm) =100…
final electron acceptor in the ETC
Oxygen 21%... atm .5... .21x.5=.105
O2 needs to be given up to tissue in order for it to be used…
Units of Oxygen
barometric pressure (mmHg)... 760 mmHg = 1 atmosphere (atm) =100…
Oxygen
final electron acceptor in the ETC
Wildlife Ecology & Cons. Exam 3
Biosphere
Biome
What affects the distribution of major…
What happens on mountains?
Zone of air, land and water where organisms exist... Global sum…
Large, relatively distinct ecological systems characterized b…
Climate - temp & precipitation
Vertical Zonation
Biosphere
Zone of air, land and water where organisms exist... Global sum…
Biome
Large, relatively distinct ecological systems characterized b…
70 terms
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Exam 3
Disturbance
Examples of Disturbance
Range of Disturbance
Minor/local Disturbance
Periodic change, destruction, or removal of ecosystem compone…
Fires, flooding, drought, agriculture, disease, avalanche, po…
Minor/local, severe/regional, discrete, and constant
Tree falls, animal burrows, etc.
Disturbance
Periodic change, destruction, or removal of ecosystem compone…
Examples of Disturbance
Fires, flooding, drought, agriculture, disease, avalanche, po…
20 terms
Wildlife Ecology practice exam 3
Theoretically, which would be most suc…
Competition may result in:... a. increa…
The species diversity in the tropical…
Which influence the structure of a tro…
a. generalist omnivore
d. any of above
b. false
d. all of above
Theoretically, which would be most suc…
a. generalist omnivore
Competition may result in:... a. increa…
d. any of above
205 terms
Wildlife and Ecology 3
Balance between three major considerat…
Three Major Categories in Instrumental…
Give examples of goods, services, and…
Define Instrumental/ Utilitarian Values
-Political... -Ethical... -Economical
1.Goods... 2.Services... 3.Information
Goods: food, wood, medicine, fuel... Services: pollution, recycl…
Valuing things because they are useful; have a means to an en…
Balance between three major considerat…
-Political... -Ethical... -Economical
Three Major Categories in Instrumental…
1.Goods... 2.Services... 3.Information
41 terms
Wildlife Ecology
Brown bear
Wolf
Lynx
Wolverine
Ursus arctos
Canis lupus
Lynx lynx
Gulo gulo
Brown bear
Ursus arctos
Wolf
Canis lupus
37 terms
wildlife ecology test #3
Forests changed to farmland
What is "clean farming?"
Lure crops
nonlethal controls
- species decreased... - increase in edge species... - abandoned fa…
less waste = less food for wildlife
cheap and fast growing
reflecting tape, aversion conditioning, sterilization, resist…
Forests changed to farmland
- species decreased... - increase in edge species... - abandoned fa…
What is "clean farming?"
less waste = less food for wildlife
36 terms
Wildlife Ecology Exam #3
Population density
Abundance
Population ratios
Potential birth rate measures...
The number of animals per unit area; density requires measure…
The number of animals in an area of interest; usually use for…
Sex ratio is females:males, often combined with age ratios; d…
The maximum ability of a population to reproduce
Population density
The number of animals per unit area; density requires measure…
Abundance
The number of animals in an area of interest; usually use for…
73 terms
Wildlife Ecology Vocabulary
Type I Error
Type II Error
Arithmetic mean
Median
The probability of rejecting a true "null" hypothesis.
The probability of failing to reject a false hypothesis.
The sum of all measurements divided by the number of observat…
The middle value that separates the higher half from the lowe…
Type I Error
The probability of rejecting a true "null" hypothesis.
Type II Error
The probability of failing to reject a false hypothesis.
60 terms
Wildlife Ecology Vocab
Abiotic
Adaptation
Autotroph
Bacteria
Describes the nonliving part of the environment, including wa…
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
An organism that makes its own food
single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shape…
Abiotic
Describes the nonliving part of the environment, including wa…
Adaptation
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
26 terms
Wildlife Management - Lecture 3 Ecology of Wildlife
Ecology
Ecosystem
Communities
Biosphere
"study of the home"
Network that interacts in a manner to sustain life. including…
- identifiable association of plants and animals living in a…
- includes a few hundred meters below the ground to several k…
Ecology
"study of the home"
Ecosystem
Network that interacts in a manner to sustain life. including…
129 terms
Wildlife Ecology Final (test 3)
15th century: exploration and discovery
1800s: industrial revolution
1900s: technology and science
10,000 years ago
- trade of agricultural products... - corn, potatoes, coffee, su…
- fossil fuels, machines, railroads. ... - increased crop produc…
- herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers... - 6 billion humans
domestication of plant and animal
15th century: exploration and discovery
- trade of agricultural products... - corn, potatoes, coffee, su…
1800s: industrial revolution
- fossil fuels, machines, railroads. ... - increased crop produc…
27 terms
Wildlife Ecology Final Part 3
International
The international union for conservati…
Convention on international trade in e…
FEDERAL (Department of Interior)
-The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)... -C…
is the world's oldest and largest global environmental organi…
is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is…
The Department of the Interior protects and manages the Natio…
International
-The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)... -C…
The international union for conservati…
is the world's oldest and largest global environmental organi…
19 terms
Wildlife Ecology
manipulative management
custodial management
manipulative management
custodial management
manages the population by either direct or indirect means to…
manages things by protecting large areas or preventing damage…
the type of management that describes breeding programs, cull…
the type of management that describes sanctuaries, zoos
manipulative management
manages the population by either direct or indirect means to…
custodial management
manages things by protecting large areas or preventing damage…
95 terms
Wildlife Ecology
We would expect the __________________…
We use the term [7] to describe a popu…
Various approaches are used to manage…
For our purposes, we define a ________…
sex ratio
7.) Natality... 8.) fecundity
vector, or agent
population
We would expect the __________________…
sex ratio
We use the term [7] to describe a popu…
7.) Natality... 8.) fecundity
27 terms
Wildlife Ecology Final Test 3
The dependence on the environment for…
The temp range in which a homeotherm c…
Protein loss is calculated by measurin…
Which of the following is not a macron…
ectothermy
thermal neutral zone
nitrogen
copper
The dependence on the environment for…
ectothermy
The temp range in which a homeotherm c…
thermal neutral zone
94 terms
Wildlife Ecology Test 3/Final
Describe the 4 revolutions involved in…
How has changing forests to farms affe…
How has increased farm size and effect…
How has changing from pasture to row-c…
10,000 years ago - domestication... 15th century - exploration &…
decreased species... increased edge species: bobwhite, cottontai…
decreased wildlife... lost hay crops... row crops increased
decreased edges
Describe the 4 revolutions involved in…
10,000 years ago - domestication... 15th century - exploration &…
How has changing forests to farms affe…
decreased species... increased edge species: bobwhite, cottontai…
59 terms
Wildlife Ecology Final
bioaccumulation
what does loss of vegetation lead to?
fragmentation
insularization
drought leads to this @ lake manyara. ... ex: salt accumulation…
loss of soil, more seapage
fractioning of habitat by human activity
formation of habitat 'islands' ... result of fragmentation
bioaccumulation
drought leads to this @ lake manyara. ... ex: salt accumulation…
what does loss of vegetation lead to?
loss of soil, more seapage
13 terms
Wildlife Final: General Wildlife Ecology
What is an animal niche ?
How many dimensions can a niche have?
Can animals share a niche?
What is the difference between a gener…
The niche of an animal is that creature's unique role in an e…
3...Ex: time of hunting, size of prey, location of prey. -->…
No; not at same time/ space. More similar organisms there are…
-Generalist species: can deal with a broader set of environme…
What is an animal niche ?
The niche of an animal is that creature's unique role in an e…
How many dimensions can a niche have?
3...Ex: time of hunting, size of prey, location of prey. -->…
49 terms
Wildlife ecology
Introduced fire
Meat, clothing (jackets, then fur), fu…
Abortions, infertility and lowered mil…
Cattle forage and they carry Brucella
What did the american indians do that was considered wildlife…
Why were bison killed in the late 1800's?
What does brucellosis do and who does it affect
Why don't we want bison to leave Yellowstone?
Introduced fire
What did the american indians do that was considered wildlife…
Meat, clothing (jackets, then fur), fu…
Why were bison killed in the late 1800's?
18 terms
Wildlife Ecology- Abiotic Components
three major abiotic components
Moisture
water cycle
2 components
moisture (rainfall, water, humidity)... temperature (direct and…
the most important factor influencing terrestrial organisms... -…
continuous movement of water on, below, and above the earth's…
storage components... water processes
three major abiotic components
moisture (rainfall, water, humidity)... temperature (direct and…
Moisture
the most important factor influencing terrestrial organisms... -…
48 terms
Wildlife ecology
Wildlife
Wildlife management
Endemic
1903
All things living outside of human control
Managing wildlife populations in the context of the ecosystem
Only found in 1 place
First sustainability
Wildlife
All things living outside of human control
Wildlife management
Managing wildlife populations in the context of the ecosystem
44 terms
Wildlife Ecology- Population ecology
population
which sectors are individual-focused?
populations are the ___ ___ of managem…
where is the focus of wildlife managem…
groups of individuals of same species occupying a defined are…
vets... rehab... breeders
basic units
population level
population
groups of individuals of same species occupying a defined are…
which sectors are individual-focused?
vets... rehab... breeders
wildlife ecology
Conservation Genetics
Roles of Conservation Genetics
Genetically Effective Population
Population Bottleneck
Goal: managing for genetic diversity.... - raw material for evol…
1. Managing small populations... 2. delineating management units…
size of an idealized pop that would "act the same" and have t…
Severe decline in population.
Conservation Genetics
Goal: managing for genetic diversity.... - raw material for evol…
Roles of Conservation Genetics
1. Managing small populations... 2. delineating management units…
5 terms
Wildlife ecology
Fascinating
Handful
Relate
Utilization
1.gaihaltai,bishirmeeer 2.setgel tatam
1.atga,atga duuren 2.Hedhen,tsuuhun 3. Tuvug udah
Oir baih, hamaarah
Ashiglalt
Fascinating
1.gaihaltai,bishirmeeer 2.setgel tatam
Handful
1.atga,atga duuren 2.Hedhen,tsuuhun 3. Tuvug udah
44 terms
Wildlife Ecology- Population ecology
population
which sectors are individual-focused?
populations are the ___ ___ of managem…
where is the focus of wildlife managem…
groups of individuals of same species occupying a defined are…
vets... rehab... breeders
basic units
population level
population
groups of individuals of same species occupying a defined are…
which sectors are individual-focused?
vets... rehab... breeders
72 terms
Wildlife Ecology
wildlife
ecology
management
ecological knowledge applied in 3 ways
organisms not under direct control of humans
interactions between organisms and their environments
manipulation or protection of a population and its habitat to…
1. preservation (custodial)... 2. direct manipulation (manipulat…
wildlife
organisms not under direct control of humans
ecology
interactions between organisms and their environments
48 terms
Wildlife Ecology
Diurnal
Crespuscular
Nocturnal
Fossorial
Active during the day
Active during dusk and dawn
Active at night
Burrowers (moles, shrews)
Diurnal
Active during the day
Crespuscular
Active during dusk and dawn
53 terms
Wildlife Ecology
Didelphimorphia
Didelphidae
Soricomorpha
Soricidae
Opossums
Virginia opossum
"Shrew-form"
Shrews
Didelphimorphia
Opossums
Didelphidae
Virginia opossum
12 terms
Wildlife Ecology- Nitrogen Cycle
nitrogen cycle definition
biosphere
atmosphere
major components
describes the movement of nitrogen through its reservoirs and…
exchange pool
reservoir pool
biosphere- important role in organisms (RNA, protein)... atmosph…
nitrogen cycle definition
describes the movement of nitrogen through its reservoirs and…
biosphere
exchange pool
56 terms
Wildlife Ecology
Age Structure
Aesthetic
Bag Limit
Bioaccumulation
distribution of the number of individuals of various species
Possessing qualities that are accepted for their beauty or em…
number of animals that can be taken in a unit of time, usuall…
build up of a chemical substance in an organism
Age Structure
distribution of the number of individuals of various species
Aesthetic
Possessing qualities that are accepted for their beauty or em…
126 terms
Wildlife exam 3
Biosphere
Biome
What affects the distribution of major…
Ecological Systems
Zone of air, land, and water where organisms exist... -Commonly…
Large, relatively distinct ecological systems characterized b…
Climate - temperature and precipitation
Complexes of plant and/or animal communities that:... -Occur tog…
Biosphere
Zone of air, land, and water where organisms exist... -Commonly…
Biome
Large, relatively distinct ecological systems characterized b…
45 terms
Wildlife Ecology
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Department of Defense
Disturbance
Succession
Which Federal agency has the least biodiversity on their lands?
Which Federal agency has the highest biodiversity on their la…
An event that destroys or removes ecosystem components (often…
The process of community development over time until a relati…
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Which Federal agency has the least biodiversity on their lands?
Department of Defense
Which Federal agency has the highest biodiversity on their la…
50 terms
Wildlife Ecology
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Department of Defense
Disturbance
Succession
Which Federal agency has the least biodiversity on their lands?
Which Federal agency has the highest biodiversity on their la…
An event that destroys or removes ecosystem components (often…
The process of community development over time until a relati…
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Which Federal agency has the least biodiversity on their lands?
Department of Defense
Which Federal agency has the highest biodiversity on their la…
64 terms
WILDLIFE ECOLOGY
What is wildlife?
Why are fish not wildlife?
How do people manage wildlife?
What is the difference between wildlif…
All non-domestic animals, wild vertebrate animals
Different department historically
Preservation-nature allowed to run its course without human i…
managemnt is more realistic and directly involved whereas zoo…
What is wildlife?
All non-domestic animals, wild vertebrate animals
Why are fish not wildlife?
Different department historically
41 terms
Exam 3 Wildlife Techniques
What are some reasons for capturing an…
who should capture animals?
do you need permits to capture wildlife?
what are 4 major capturing techniques
-fur... -food... -animal damage control... -disease control ... -populati…
experienced wildlife biologists and technicians
sometimes you may need a federal or state permits
1. by hand... 2. mechanical devices... 3. remote injection of drugs…
What are some reasons for capturing an…
-fur... -food... -animal damage control... -disease control ... -populati…
who should capture animals?
experienced wildlife biologists and technicians
108 terms
Wildlife and Ecology
ABIOTIC
ACCLIMATION
ACTIVE MANAGEMENT
ADAPTATION
nonliving components of the environment
An environmentally induced change through long term exposure…
direct manipulation of animal populations (e.g., translocatio…
genetically controlled structural, physiological, or behavior…
ABIOTIC
nonliving components of the environment
ACCLIMATION
An environmentally induced change through long term exposure…
73 terms
Ecology and wildlife
Wildlife Management
Abundance (N)
Wildlife Censusing
Mark Recapture
One of aldo Leopold's breaktrhough contributions was to base…
Population size (or density) is most essential information ne…
Sampling the population to estimate its abundance... Mark-recap…
Capture individuals, mark them distinctively, release, recapt…
Wildlife Management
One of aldo Leopold's breaktrhough contributions was to base…
Abundance (N)
Population size (or density) is most essential information ne…
58 terms
Wildlife Ecology
Wildlife is...
Game vs Non game species.
Pests/ vermin
Common wildlife in KY: large game.
any nondomesticated species. Those that are not pets or farm…
definition depends on location and value. Furbearers are a sp…
old definition: anything that has a perceived negative econom…
black bear, elk, white tail, deer, wild turkey,
Wildlife is...
any nondomesticated species. Those that are not pets or farm…
Game vs Non game species.
definition depends on location and value. Furbearers are a sp…
40 terms
Wildlife Ecology
What are the three factors that have m…
What impacts do red foxes have on nati…
List three examples of native species…
What methods are commonly used for fox…
1) Climatically adaptable: Occupy most of Australia except fa…
Critical weight range (CWR) - 35-5500g ... Examples: Brushtailed…
1) Black-footed wallaby (petrogale lateralis) populations in…
Shooting & Trapping, Den fumigation, den destruction, exclusi…
What are the three factors that have m…
1) Climatically adaptable: Occupy most of Australia except fa…
What impacts do red foxes have on nati…
Critical weight range (CWR) - 35-5500g ... Examples: Brushtailed…
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