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Study sets matching "exam biology genetics chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "exam biology genetics chapter 9"

30 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Character
Trait
Transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Scientific study of heredity.
A heritable feature that varies among individuals, such as fl…
Each variant of a character, such as purple or white flowers.
Heredity
Transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity.
12 terms
Biology Chapter 9:Genetics WSA
Heredity
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
the scientific study of heredity and the key to understanding…
the union and female gametes (egg or sperm)
a specific characterization of an individual
Heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity and the key to understanding…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Genetics
genetics
heredity
trait
monohybrid cross
the field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
the transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring
genetically determined variant of a characteristic (flower co…
a cross that considers one pair of contrasting traits
genetics
the field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
heredity
the transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring
69 terms
Biology Chapter 9 (Genetics)
What Is Heredity?
What is Genetics?
Who is known as the "Father of Genetic…
When was Gregor Mendel born?
Heredity is the transmission of traits from one generation to…
Genetics is the scientific study of heredity.
Gregor Mendel.
1822.
What Is Heredity?
Heredity is the transmission of traits from one generation to…
What is Genetics?
Genetics is the scientific study of heredity.
30 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Genetics
Punnett square
Genotypic ratio
Phenotypic ratio
Test cross
A graphic used to predict the results of a genetic cross
The ratio of the genotypes that appear in offspring
The ratio of phenotype a produced by a cross
The crossing of an individual of unknown genotype with a homo…
Punnett square
A graphic used to predict the results of a genetic cross
Genotypic ratio
The ratio of the genotypes that appear in offspring
21 terms
Biology Chapter 9 - Genetics
self-fertilization, produces what
cross-fertilization, produces what
monohybrid cross
Mendel's 4 hypotheses
one parent, produces organisms that are true-breeding
two parents, produces hybrids (2 different varieties)
2 parents differ by only one trait
there are alternate forms of genes (alleles), an organism inh…
self-fertilization, produces what
one parent, produces organisms that are true-breeding
cross-fertilization, produces what
two parents, produces hybrids (2 different varieties)
40 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Genetics
Genetics
Self-fertilize
Cross-fertilization
True-breeding
Scientific study of heredity and hereditary variations
The pollen grains from the stamen land on the carpel on the s…
Fertilization of one plant by pollen from a different one
Sexual reproduction produces offspring with inherited traits…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity and hereditary variations
Self-fertilize
The pollen grains from the stamen land on the carpel on the s…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Genetics
Dominant
Recessive
Homozygous
Heterozygous
most important, powerful, or influential
A recessive gene is a gene that gets trumped by a dominant gene
Alternative forms of a given gene are called alleles, and the…
The genetics term heterozygous refers to a pair of genes wher…
Dominant
most important, powerful, or influential
Recessive
A recessive gene is a gene that gets trumped by a dominant gene
47 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Genetics
Mendel
Heredity
Characteristic
Trait
Founder of genetics
Transmission of traits from parents to offspring
General topic (seed color)
Type of characteristic (yellow or green)
Mendel
Founder of genetics
Heredity
Transmission of traits from parents to offspring
48 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Gamete
Blending Hypothesis
Character
Trait
- Haploid sex cell... - Made in the process of meiosis... - One all…
- Very early theory of how traits are inherited... - Offsprings…
- Heritable feature... ex: flower color
- The appearance of the character... ex: flower color
Gamete
- Haploid sex cell... - Made in the process of meiosis... - One all…
Blending Hypothesis
- Very early theory of how traits are inherited... - Offsprings…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary - Genetics
Inheritance
Genetics
Inheritance Patterns
Variations
The process by which physical and biological characteristics…
The scientific study of heredity
Different traits that are determined by a variety of inherita…
any difference between individuals of the same species
Inheritance
The process by which physical and biological characteristics…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
27 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Introduction to Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Self-Pollination
Cross-Pollination
Passing of traits from parents to their young
Branch of Biology that studies heredity
Process in which pollen falls from the anther to the stigma o…
Transfer of pollen from the flower of one plant to the flower…
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to their young
Genetics
Branch of Biology that studies heredity
53 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
In a certain plant, the alleles, A, B,…
Cystic fibrosis can be inherited even…
If a homozygous dominant is crossed wi…
Huntington's disease is due to an auto…
C. AaBBcc
C. is caused by a recessive allele
A. all of the dominant phenotype
B.50%
In a certain plant, the alleles, A, B,…
C. AaBBcc
Cystic fibrosis can be inherited even…
C. is caused by a recessive allele
48 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Gamete
Blending Hypothesis
Character
Trait
- Haploid sex cell... - Made in the process of meiosis... - One all…
- Very early theory of how traits are inherited... - Offsprings…
- Heritable feature... ex: flower color
- The appearance of the character... ex: flower color
Gamete
- Haploid sex cell... - Made in the process of meiosis... - One all…
Blending Hypothesis
- Very early theory of how traits are inherited... - Offsprings…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 9 - GENETICS Vocab
GENOTYPE
HOMOZYGOUS
LAW OF SEGREGATION
ALLELE
the genetic make-up of an organism's traits
both alleles of a pair are alike
this refer to when the chromosomes, genes are separated rando…
alternate forms of a gene
GENOTYPE
the genetic make-up of an organism's traits
HOMOZYGOUS
both alleles of a pair are alike
28 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 9 EXPRESSING GENETIC INFORMATION
messenger RNA
transcription
translation
ribosomal RNA
the RNA complementary to one strand of DNA transcribed from g…
the enzyme catalyzed assembly of an RNA molecule complementar…
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
type of RNA that associates with proteins to form ribosomes
messenger RNA
the RNA complementary to one strand of DNA transcribed from g…
transcription
the enzyme catalyzed assembly of an RNA molecule complementar…
42 terms
Chapter 9 - Genetics H. Biology
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Heredity
Trait
- The field of biology devoted to understanding how character…
- Monk that observed the growth of plants (pea plants)... - Cont…
- The transmission of characteristics from parents to offspri…
- A genetically determined variant of a characteristic, such…
Genetics
- The field of biology devoted to understanding how character…
Gregor Mendel
- Monk that observed the growth of plants (pea plants)... - Cont…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 9:Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
Traits
Gregor Mendel
The scientific study of heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
A variation of a genetically determined characteristics in an…
...
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
40 terms
Chapter 9 biology: genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Gregory Mendel
Character
The transition of a trait from one generation to the next
The scenting study of heredity
Augustinian monk who began the scientific study of heredity
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Heredity
The transition of a trait from one generation to the next
Genetics
The scenting study of heredity
25 terms
Biology. Genetics chapter 9
Heredity
Genetics
Gregory Mendel
3 reasons Gregory Mendel experimented…
The passing of traits from parent to offspring
The scientific study of heredity
The father of genetics experimented with Garden peas
Self pollination, availability, and several traits
Heredity
The passing of traits from parent to offspring
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
57 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Fundamentals of Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
inheritance
heredity
field of biology devoted to understanding how characteristics…
pioneer of genetics
the passing of traits by heredity
the transmission of trait from parents to offspring
genetics
field of biology devoted to understanding how characteristics…
Gregor Mendel
pioneer of genetics
22 terms
Biology Genetics chapter 9
Pangenesis
Blending hypothesis
Heredity
Genetics
this was an early explanation for inheritance that suggests t…
the idea that hereditary materials mix in forming offspring
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
the scientific study of heredity
Pangenesis
this was an early explanation for inheritance that suggests t…
Blending hypothesis
the idea that hereditary materials mix in forming offspring
22 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Genetics
translocation
codominance
nucleotide
dihybrid
occurs when a segment of chromosome breaks off and becomes re…
occurs when both alleles are equally dominant
subunit of DNA consisting of a nitrogenous base, a sugar and…
an organism that is heterozygous for two traits
translocation
occurs when a segment of chromosome breaks off and becomes re…
codominance
occurs when both alleles are equally dominant
41 terms
Biology-Chapter 9- GENETICS
Allele
Aneuploidy
Anomaly
Autosome
One of diffrent versions of the same gene (at the same LOCUS)…
Describes a genome that varies so from the conventional by th…
Something that deviates from what is standard, normal or expe…
A chromosome that is the same in both males and females of a…
Allele
One of diffrent versions of the same gene (at the same LOCUS)…
Aneuploidy
Describes a genome that varies so from the conventional by th…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
Monohybrid crosses
Mendel's hypotheses
Figured out basic principles of genetics by studying garden p…
Scientific study of heredity- transmission of traits from one…
Cross with one trait
1- there are alternate forms of genes card alleles 2-alleles…
Gregor Mendel
Figured out basic principles of genetics by studying garden p…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity- transmission of traits from one…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
Pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
49 terms
Chapter 9 Biology: Genetics
genotype
phenotype
heterozygous
homozygous
the pair of alleles that an individual possesses
the appearance of a trait as a result of its genotype
the alleles in a pair are different, shows dominant phenotype
the alleles in a pair are alike
genotype
the pair of alleles that an individual possesses
phenotype
the appearance of a trait as a result of its genotype
24 terms
Chapter 9 Genetics (Biology)
Heredity
Genetics
Gregor Mendel began the field of genet…
Gregor Mendel relied on a background of
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
the scientific study of heredity
1860s
mathematics, physics and chemistry
Heredity
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity
49 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Genetics
Gene
Allele
Homozygous Dominant
Homozygous recessive
Segment of DNA that controls a trait
Alternate forms of a gene that govern a trait. (flower color…
PP
pp
Gene
Segment of DNA that controls a trait
Allele
Alternate forms of a gene that govern a trait. (flower color…
23 terms
Gamble Biology Chapter 9 Mendelian Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
Heredity
Mendel's experiments
Father of Genetics. Studied pea plants.
The field of biology dedicated to understanding how character…
Transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring
Started with 2 pure plants for each trait. Cross-pollinated t…
Gregor Mendel
Father of Genetics. Studied pea plants.
Genetics
The field of biology dedicated to understanding how character…
23 terms
Biology - Chapter 9 [Genetics]
Homologous Chromosomes
Trait
Gene
Allele
Chromosomes that are in the same location and correspond to t…
Characteristic or feature
Section of DNA that codes for a specific protein that determi…
Variation of a trait
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromosomes that are in the same location and correspond to t…
Trait
Characteristic or feature
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
47 terms
Biology chapter 9-genetics
Genetics
Character
Trait
Self-fertilize
The science of heredity
A heritable feature that varies among individuals whitin a po…
A variant of a character found within a population such as pu…
Fusion of speed and egg produced by same individual organism
Genetics
The science of heredity
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals whitin a po…
30 terms
Biology- Chapter 9 genetics
Genetics
Heredity
trait
true-breeding
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
trait a genetically determined characteristic
when self-fertilized, only produces offspring with the same t…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
43 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Genetics
Self-fertilization
Cross-fertilization
True-breeding
Hybrids
sperm carrying pollen grains released from the stamens land o…
fertilization of one plant by pollen from a different plant
purebred plants
offspring of two different true-breeding varieties
Self-fertilization
sperm carrying pollen grains released from the stamens land o…
Cross-fertilization
fertilization of one plant by pollen from a different plant
16 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
Traits
Generations ( P1 )
The study of genes.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Something that makes you, you.
First set of parents crossed
Genetics
The study of genes.
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
39 terms
Biology: Chapter 9: genetics
Alleles
Aminocentesis
Carriers
Chromosome theory of inheritance
An alternate form of a gene
A technique for diagnosing genetic defects in the fetus while…
And individual who is heterozygous for a recessively inherite…
A basic principal of biology stating that genes are located o…
Alleles
An alternate form of a gene
Aminocentesis
A technique for diagnosing genetic defects in the fetus while…
14 terms
Pre IB Biology Chapter 9 (Genetics)
Genes
Genetics
Alleles (Factors)
A
Segment of DNA, code for a protein(Enzyme) Which determines t…
Study of heredity
Two forms of the same gene
Dominant allele
Genes
Segment of DNA, code for a protein(Enzyme) Which determines t…
Genetics
Study of heredity
14 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
True-breeding
Hybrid
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
the scientific study of heredity and the variation of inherit…
varieties for which self-fertilization produced offspring all…
the offspring of 2 different varieties/species
Heredity
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity and the variation of inherit…
30 terms
Biology--Chapter 9 Fundamentals of Genetics
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in…
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plant
genetics
the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in…
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
43 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Genetics
Self-fertilization
Cross-fertilization
True-breeding
Hybrids
sperm carrying pollen grains released from the stamens land o…
fertilization of one plant by pollen from a different plant
purebred plants
offspring of two different true-breeding varieties
Self-fertilization
sperm carrying pollen grains released from the stamens land o…
Cross-fertilization
fertilization of one plant by pollen from a different plant
45 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
What is the relationship between Chrom…
Amino Acids
What is the connection between genes,…
What would happen if you were missing…
Chromosomes are rod-shaped structures made up of chromatin th…
The monomers of Proteins
Genes make proteins, which determine traits.
You could not be able to carry any oxygen in your bloodstream…
What is the relationship between Chrom…
Chromosomes are rod-shaped structures made up of chromatin th…
Amino Acids
The monomers of Proteins
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Allele
Dominiant
Recessive
Genotype
An alternate form of a gene that governs a characteristic
When carried by only one pair of homologous chromosomes
Describes a trait/allele thats expressed only when two recess…
Entire genetic makeup of an organism
Allele
An alternate form of a gene that governs a characteristic
Dominiant
When carried by only one pair of homologous chromosomes
8 terms
chapter 9 genetics(biology)
the passing of traits to offspring is…
________ is the study of heredity
the father of genetics is considered t…
when two alleles code for the same tra…
heredity
genetics
Mendel
homozygous
the passing of traits to offspring is…
heredity
________ is the study of heredity
genetics
54 terms
Chapter 9 biology (genetics)
Who is the father of genetics?
Why were pea plants good to use?
Stamens
Carpel
Gregor Mendel
1)short regeneration time (8 weeks)... 2)many varieties were ava…
Male organ in pea plant
Female organ in pea plant
Who is the father of genetics?
Gregor Mendel
Why were pea plants good to use?
1)short regeneration time (8 weeks)... 2)many varieties were ava…
31 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
24 terms
Biology Chapter 9 - Genetics vocabulary
Genetics
Heredity
Gregor Mendel
Dominant Factor (allele)
Field of Biology that studies how traits are transmitted from…
Transmission of traits from parent to offspring
Conducted heredity and experimental with garden peas.
Refers to a trait that masks (hides) the presence of other tr…
Genetics
Field of Biology that studies how traits are transmitted from…
Heredity
Transmission of traits from parent to offspring
64 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Genetics
what treats the two sources of cholest…
2 sources of cholesterol
expressed genes, physical appearance
your genetic makeup, the alleles your…
vytorin
food and family
phenotype
genotype
what treats the two sources of cholest…
vytorin
2 sources of cholesterol
food and family
Biology Chapter 9 Genetics Vocab
ABO blood group
achondroplasia
alleles
amniocentesis
a system for classifying human blood on the basis of antigeni…
a hereditary condition in which the growth of long bones by o…
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by…
the sampling of amniotic fluid using a hollow needle inserted…
ABO blood group
a system for classifying human blood on the basis of antigeni…
achondroplasia
a hereditary condition in which the growth of long bones by o…
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