Study sets matching "exam biology genetics"

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Study sets matching "exam biology genetics"

27 terms
Biology: Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
The first offspring born from a parental (P generation) cross.
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
15 terms
Biology - Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
trait
genes
Father of Genetics... Used Plant Peas to test dominant and reces…
The study of heredity
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
a unit of a chromosome that carries information determining t…
Gregor Mendel
Father of Genetics... Used Plant Peas to test dominant and reces…
Genetics
The study of heredity
Genetics Biology
Phenotype
Genotype
Homozygous
Purebred
appearance
letter alleles ex BB, Bb, bb
two of the same letter alleles ex. BB or bb
homozygous
Phenotype
appearance
Genotype
letter alleles ex BB, Bb, bb
(GENETICS) BIOLOGY
Gregor Mendal
purpose of meiosis
Where does meiosis occur?
end result of meiosis
started studying traits and predicting what traits might show…
to produce gametes (egg/sperm)
reproductive organs
half of what your previously had (20 →10)
Gregor Mendal
started studying traits and predicting what traits might show…
purpose of meiosis
to produce gametes (egg/sperm)
41 terms
Biology: Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
The first offspring born from a parental (P generation) cross.
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
18 terms
Genetics biology
the branch of Biology that deals with…
a monoploid sex cell produced by meios…
a specific characteristic that varies…
an individual that heterozygous for a…
genetics
gamete
trait
hybrid
the branch of Biology that deals with…
genetics
a monoploid sex cell produced by meios…
gamete
13 terms
Biology: Genetics
genetics
trait
gene
homozygous
Scientific study of heredity
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
23 terms
Biology-genetics
phenotype
genotype
chromosome
Allele
The outward expression of the genotype, physical and biochemi…
Combination of alleles that an organism possess
The thread like structure located in the nucleus of animal an…
An alternative version of a gene
phenotype
The outward expression of the genotype, physical and biochemi…
genotype
Combination of alleles that an organism possess
17 terms
Biology/Genetics
CROSSING OVER
DIPLOID
HAPLOID
GAMETES
Swapping of DNA between homologous... chromosomes, occurs in Pr…
having two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent
having one set of chromosomes
sex cells, (eggs or sperm cells). These are haploid.
CROSSING OVER
Swapping of DNA between homologous... chromosomes, occurs in Pr…
DIPLOID
having two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent
42 terms
Biology-Genetics
Trait
Hybrid
Alelle
Gene
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait shown…
The different forms of a gene shown as a capital letter or lo…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determine…
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Hybrid
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait shown…
22 terms
Biology Genetics
Probability
genetics
gregor mendel
homologous chromosomes
likely hood that a particular event will occur.
scientific study of heredity.
figured out the principle of dominance.
1 set of chromo. comes from male and the other comes from the…
Probability
likely hood that a particular event will occur.
genetics
scientific study of heredity.
28 terms
Biology: Genetics
Allele
Dominant/Recessive
Codominance
Incomplete Dominance
a version of a gene
If one of the two alleles of an inherited pair differ, then o…
when it is heterozygous, two dominant traits are both shown/e…
a blending of the two alleles when it is heterozygous
Allele
a version of a gene
Dominant/Recessive
If one of the two alleles of an inherited pair differ, then o…
115 terms
Biology Genetics
During ______________ the information…
When __________________ binds to an mR…
What stores information in the cell?
In what way is DNA like a reference bo…
transcription
tRNA anitcodn
DNA
DNA has stored information that can be copied and passed on.
During ______________ the information…
transcription
When __________________ binds to an mR…
tRNA anitcodn
32 terms
Biology: Genetics
genetics
true-breeding
cross-pollination
alleles
the scientific study of heredity; the transmission of charact…
self-pollination that leads to offspring identical to themsel…
male sex cells, pollen, from the flower on one plant fertiliz…
different forms of genes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity; the transmission of charact…
true-breeding
self-pollination that leads to offspring identical to themsel…
Biology Genetics
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Alleles
Gene
When the alleles are the same PP or pp
When there is a dominant and a recessive Pp
an alternative form of a gene
segment of DNA that codes for an allele
Homozygous
When the alleles are the same PP or pp
Heterozygous
When there is a dominant and a recessive Pp
35 terms
Biology Unit-4: Genetics
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
DNA replication
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
messenger RNA (mRNA)
A nucleic acid molecule consisting of the nucleotides adenine…
The process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
A nucleic acid consisting of the nucleotides adenine, guanine…
A type of RNA synthesized using a DNA template that attaches…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A nucleic acid molecule consisting of the nucleotides adenine…
DNA replication
The process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
28 terms
Biology: Genetics Vocabulary
genetics
fertile
trait
true-breeding
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
capable of growing and developing
a quality that makes one person or thing different from another
A kind of breeding in which the parents with a particular phe…
genetics
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
fertile
capable of growing and developing
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
38 terms
Biology Genetics
What does DNA stand for?
How many chromosomes are in body cells?
How many chromosomes are in sex cells?
What structure makes up DNA?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
46
23
Nucleotides
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
How many chromosomes are in body cells?
46
Biology: Genetics
dihybrid cross
Phenotypic ratio
Genotypic ratio
Cystic Fibrosis
9:3:3:1
the ratio of the letter pairs you get from the cross (1 TT, 2…
Recessive, Autosomal, single gene
dihybrid cross
Phenotypic ratio
9:3:3:1
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
28 terms
Biology Genetics Vocabulary
autosomes
alleles
law of dominance
homozygous
all chromosomes not related to determining gender; first 22 p…
different forms of a gene
some alleles are dominant whereas others are recessive
an organism has two identical alleles
autosomes
all chromosomes not related to determining gender; first 22 p…
alleles
different forms of a gene
51 terms
Biology - Genetics
Sex Chromosome
Genetics
Gamete
Haploid
Chromosomes that directly control the development of sexual c…
The study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
Sex cells; egg or sperm cell
Cells with half a complete set of chromosomes; n
Sex Chromosome
Chromosomes that directly control the development of sexual c…
Genetics
The study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
65 terms
Biology: Genetics
Gene
Allele
Genotype
Phenotype
- the basic unit of heredity... - are composed of DNA... - located…
- an alternate form of a gene
- genetic make up of an individual
- the physical manifestation of the genetic makeup... - some phe…
Gene
- the basic unit of heredity... - are composed of DNA... - located…
Allele
- an alternate form of a gene
20 terms
Biology - Genetics
Replication
Fertilization
Dominant Trait
Recessive Trait
Process of copying DNA prior to cell division
Fusion of male and female gametes.
A trait that is expressed or dominant when combined with anot…
A trait that is covered over, or dominated, by another form o…
Replication
Process of copying DNA prior to cell division
Fertilization
Fusion of male and female gametes.
Biology Genetics
Shape of DNA
Parts of a Nucleotide
4 organic bases of DNA
Adenine pairs with
Double Helix
Deoxyribose, phosphate, organic base
adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine
Thymine
Shape of DNA
Double Helix
Parts of a Nucleotide
Deoxyribose, phosphate, organic base
20 terms
Genetics Vocabulary - Academic Biology
Zygote
Gametes
Heterozygous
Homozygous
A fertilized egg
Sex cells
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
Zygote
A fertilized egg
Gametes
Sex cells
Biology Genetics
Allele
Carrier
Cell
Chromosome
One of the two or more forms of the gene for a trait
an individual who has one copy of the allele for a recessive…
the basic unit of structure and function of all living things
A structure found in the cell nucleus that is made of DNA and…
Allele
One of the two or more forms of the gene for a trait
Carrier
an individual who has one copy of the allele for a recessive…
Unit 7 Genetics(Biology)
Fertilization
Gametes
Haploid
Diploid
union of the egg and sperm
sex cells (egg and sperm)
one set of chromosomes (sex cells)
both sets of chromosomes (body cells)
Fertilization
union of the egg and sperm
Gametes
sex cells (egg and sperm)
13 terms
Biology: Genetics
Allele
Codominance
Dominant
Gene
The alternate form of a gene that governs a characteristic, s…
A type of inheritance in which two dominant alleles are expre…
An allele that is fully expressed in the phenotype... Example:…
Segment or sequence or DNA that codes for a protein
Allele
The alternate form of a gene that governs a characteristic, s…
Codominance
A type of inheritance in which two dominant alleles are expre…
9 terms
Genetics-Biology
Genotype
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Principal of Independent Assortment
Combination of alleles representing the genetic make-up
Genotype with different alleles (Tt, or tT)
Genotype with same alleles (tt or TT)
*a trait does not depend on another for expression or inherit…
Genotype
Combination of alleles representing the genetic make-up
Heterozygous
Genotype with different alleles (Tt, or tT)
Biology genetics
Genetics
Gene
Dominant gene
Recessive gene
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
Those that keep other genes from showing their traits
Those that do not show their traits when a dominant gene is p…
Genetics
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
Gene
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
15 terms
Biology: Genetics
genetics
dominant
recessive
trait
Scientific study of heredity
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
dominant
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
35 terms
Genetics- Biology
Somatic Cells
Diploid
Homologous Chromosomes
Allele
1. Normal cells of the body ... 2. Diploid (2n) ... 3. Reproduce th…
a. 2 copies of every chromosome ... b. humans- 46 chromosomes
1. Genes are in same order on chromosome ... 2. Can have differe…
different version of gene
Somatic Cells
1. Normal cells of the body ... 2. Diploid (2n) ... 3. Reproduce th…
Diploid
a. 2 copies of every chromosome ... b. humans- 46 chromosomes
38 terms
Biology Genetics
nucleotide
S phase of interphase
2 half new, half old DNA molecules
where the DNA unzips
What monomer is this?
Replication occurs during...
What is the result of replication?
Where is the replication fork?
nucleotide
What monomer is this?
S phase of interphase
Replication occurs during...
10 terms
Biology: Genetics
Allele
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Monohybrid
One member of a pair of genes.
A gene pair with two different alleles.
A gene pair with two like alleles.
A genetic cross that analyzes one trait.
Allele
One member of a pair of genes.
Heterozygous
A gene pair with two different alleles.
54 terms
Biology - Genetics
allele
recessive
gamete
adenine
Form of a gene. Each characteristic has two alleles.
trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inhe…
sex cell; sperm or egg
A base thats found in DNA. It will only bond with Thymine.
allele
Form of a gene. Each characteristic has two alleles.
recessive
trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inhe…
25 terms
Biology: Genetics
Genetics
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
The study of heredity or or how the characteristics of living…
One if he possible form of genes. There is a recessive allele…
An allele or gene that is expressed in an organism phenotype
Mendels name for a specific trait hidden or masked
Genetics
The study of heredity or or how the characteristics of living…
Allele
One if he possible form of genes. There is a recessive allele…
103 terms
Biology-Genetics
genetics
nucleus
chromatin
mitosis
the study of inheritance
location of chromosomes in a cell
loosely packed mass of DNA
cell division that helps the body grow and repair tissue
genetics
the study of inheritance
nucleus
location of chromosomes in a cell
128 terms
Biology: Genetics
DNA, RNA, Protein, Traits
DNA, RNA
Transcription
DNA, RNA
Central Dogma: ___ makes ___ which makes ___ which determines…
DNA makes ___ and ___
When DNA makes RNA
Transcription is when ___ makes ___
DNA, RNA, Protein, Traits
Central Dogma: ___ makes ___ which makes ___ which determines…
DNA, RNA
DNA makes ___ and ___
Biology - Genetics
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Cerebrum - Brain
Cerebral Cortex - Brain
Brain and spinal cord
Collection of nerves that connects all your organ systems
Interprets signals from your body and forms responses
The outer layer of your cerebrum - Interprets information fro…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Collection of nerves that connects all your organ systems
29 terms
Biology: Genetics
Genotype
Genetics
Phenotype
Zygote
Genetic make-up of a cell (ex. TT, tt, Tt)
The study of heredity
Physical characteristic
Fertilized egg after fertilization
Genotype
Genetic make-up of a cell (ex. TT, tt, Tt)
Genetics
The study of heredity
Biology: Genetics
dominance
segregation
independent assortment
allele
if a dominant allele is present then the offspring will expre…
2 alleles will separate when gametes are formed
2 or more pairs of alleles, they separate independently of on…
alternate form of a gene; the letter (A, a, B, b, etc.)
dominance
if a dominant allele is present then the offspring will expre…
segregation
2 alleles will separate when gametes are formed
biology genetics
Chromosome
gene
allele
dominant
a threadlike structure found in all living things
a segment of DNA that codes for protein
the specific instructions for a trait
the allele that shows up even if there is only one copy of th…
Chromosome
a threadlike structure found in all living things
gene
a segment of DNA that codes for protein
25 terms
Biology genetics!!
diploid
haploid
chromosome
sister chromatids
a term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homo…
a term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single se…
a threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genet…
Two copies of a duplicated chromosome attached to each other…
diploid
a term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homo…
haploid
a term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single se…
BIOLOGY Genetics
genetics
heredity
trait
gene
the study of heredity
the passing of traits from one generation to the next
a specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
genetics
the study of heredity
heredity
the passing of traits from one generation to the next
72 terms
Biology Genetics
each parent donates only one allele to…
alleles for traits are sorted randomly…
lack of proper separtion of homologous…
the classic model (Mendel's) for genet…
law of segregation
law of independent assortment
nondisjunction
pea plants
each parent donates only one allele to…
law of segregation
alleles for traits are sorted randomly…
law of independent assortment
Biology Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Polygenic Traits
Traits, Genes, and Alleles
Alleles : Dominant vs. Recessive
-considered father of genetics... -his work centered around the…
-inherited characteristics when two or more genes are involve…
-trait:specific characteristic like eye color or hair color…
-dominant:the allele that is expressed where an individual is…
Gregor Mendel
-considered father of genetics... -his work centered around the…
Polygenic Traits
-inherited characteristics when two or more genes are involve…
Biology - Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
Why pea plants are good organisms for…
monohybrid
the study of how traits are inheritied.
a monk who lead the foundation of modern Genetics with his wo…
- # of offspring... - generation... - gametes can be manipulated... -…
A cross involving only a single trait.
genetics
the study of how traits are inheritied.
Gregor Mendel
a monk who lead the foundation of modern Genetics with his wo…
58 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Genetics
genetics
true-breeding
trait
hybrid
The scientific study of heredity (11-1)
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
The specific characteristic that varies from one individual t…
The offspring of crosses between parents with different trait…
genetics
The scientific study of heredity (11-1)
true-breeding
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
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