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Study sets matching "exam chapter 10 environmental science"

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Study sets matching "exam chapter 10 environmental science"

32 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Acute Exposure
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
High levels of exposure over a short period
substances that produce allergic reactions
the accumulation of a substance, such as a toxic chemical, in…
accumulation of pollutants at successive levels of the food c…
Acute Exposure
High levels of exposure over a short period
Allergens
substances that produce allergic reactions
13 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
biodiversity
gene
keystone species
ecotourism
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
a species that is critical to the functioning of the ecosyste…
a form of tourism that supports that conservation and sustain…
biodiversity
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
gene
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
42 terms
Chapter 10 AP Environmental Science
Wangari Maathai
Old growth
Secondary growth
Tree plantations
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed by human activities
-after secondary succession... -stand of trees
-managed forest... -one or two species of trees at same age... -har…
Wangari Maathai
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
Old growth
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed by human activities
32 terms
Chapter 10 Environmental Science
acute exposure
risk assessment
endocrine disruptors
biomagnification
High levels of exposure over a short period
calculating risk, or the degree of likelihood that a person w…
Chemical pollutants that have the potential to substitute for…
accumulation of pollutants at successive levels of the food c…
acute exposure
High levels of exposure over a short period
risk assessment
calculating risk, or the degree of likelihood that a person w…
15 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
land cover
land use
urban area
rural area
The vegetation and manufactured structures that cover land
Various ways humans use the land such as agricultural, indust…
A dense core of census tracts, densely settled suburbs, and l…
An open swath of land that has few homes or other buildings,…
land cover
The vegetation and manufactured structures that cover land
land use
Various ways humans use the land such as agricultural, indust…
26 terms
Environmental Science- Chapter 10
food security
chronic undernutrition (hunger)
chronic malnutrition
overnutrition
the condition under which all or most of the people in a popu…
Condition suffered by people who cannot grow or buy enough fo…
a condition in which they people do not get enough protein an…
diet so high in calories, saturated (animal) fats, salt, suga…
food security
the condition under which all or most of the people in a popu…
chronic undernutrition (hunger)
Condition suffered by people who cannot grow or buy enough fo…
13 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
biodiversity
gene
keystone species
ecotourism
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
a species that is critical to the functioning of the ecosyste…
a form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustaina…
biodiversity
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
gene
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
41 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Biodiversity
1.7 million
Collected and described
Species diversity , Ecosystem diversit…
Short for biological diversity
The number of species known to science is about
New species are considered known when they are _________ and…
Biodiversity can be studied and described at three levels:
Biodiversity
Short for biological diversity
1.7 million
The number of species known to science is about
32 terms
Chapter 10 AP Environmental Science
Wangari Maathai
Old growth
Secondary growth
Tree plantations
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed
-after secondary succession... -stand of trees
-managed forest... -one or two species of trees at same age... -har…
Wangari Maathai
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
Old growth
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed
27 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 10
What percent of the world is forest?
What percent of the U.S is forest?
What percentage of land is owned/prote…
What are some physical characteristics…
31%
33%
53%
Uncut or regenerated primary forest that has not been serious…
What percent of the world is forest?
31%
What percent of the U.S is forest?
33%
20 terms
Holt Environmental Science Chapter 10
keystone species
biotechnology
ecotourism
genetic biodiversity
a species critical to the functioning of an ecosystem
application of biological science to new products
activities such as camping in a wilderness area
different genes contained within a population
keystone species
a species critical to the functioning of an ecosystem
biotechnology
application of biological science to new products
13 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 10: Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Gene
Keystone species
Ecotourism
The variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
A segment of DNA that is located on a chromosome and that cod…
A species that is critical to the functioning of an ecosystem…
A form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustaina…
Biodiversity
The variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
Gene
A segment of DNA that is located on a chromosome and that cod…
17 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 10
biodiversity
endangered species
exotic species
poaching
the variety of species living within an ecosystem
a species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
An organism that is carried into a new location by people
illegal hunting of protected animals
biodiversity
the variety of species living within an ecosystem
endangered species
a species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
13 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 10: Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Gene
Keystone species
Ecotourism
The variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
A segment of DNA that is located on a chromosome and that cod…
A species that is critical to the functioning of an ecosystem…
A form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustaina…
Biodiversity
The variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
Gene
A segment of DNA that is located on a chromosome and that cod…
22 terms
Environmental Science: Chapter 10
Biodiversity
What is the most known species?
T/F We know ALL species alive today?
Species Diversity
Refers to the number and variety of species on Earth.
Insects
False
Refers to the number and variety of species in an area
Biodiversity
Refers to the number and variety of species on Earth.
What is the most known species?
Insects
12 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
biodiversity
gene
keystone species
ecotourism
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
a species that is critical to the functioning of the ecosyste…
a form of tourism that supports that conservation and sustain…
biodiversity
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
gene
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
13 terms
Environmental Science chapter 10
biodiversity
gene
keystone species
ecotourism
the variety of given organisms in a given area , the genetic…
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
a species that is critical to the functioning of the ecosyste…
a form of tourism that supports the conservation and substain…
biodiversity
the variety of given organisms in a given area , the genetic…
gene
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
68 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 10: Global Changes
Photolysis
UV Radiation
Ozone Depletion
Reducing Ozone Depletion
Splitting oxygen molecule by UV light, one atom of oxygen was…
Portion of electromagnetic spectrum, most damaging is from 28…
Tends to deplete over polar regions because the cold creates…
Eliminating production and use of chlorinated and brominated…
Photolysis
Splitting oxygen molecule by UV light, one atom of oxygen was…
UV Radiation
Portion of electromagnetic spectrum, most damaging is from 28…
13 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 10: Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Gene
Keystone species
Ecotourism
The variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
A segment of DNA that is located on a chromosome and that cod…
A species that is critical to the functioning of an ecosystem…
A form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustaina…
Biodiversity
The variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
Gene
A segment of DNA that is located on a chromosome and that cod…
18 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 10
Tragedy of the Commons
Externality
Maximum sustainable yield
Resource Conservation Ethic
The tendency of a shared limited resources to become depleted
A cost or benefit of a good or service that is not included i…
(MSY) The maximum amount harvestable that does not Comprimise…
People should maximize resource use based on the greatest good
Tragedy of the Commons
The tendency of a shared limited resources to become depleted
Externality
A cost or benefit of a good or service that is not included i…
31 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10: Biodiversity
threatened species
biodiversity
species diversity
ecosystem diversity
A decline in the population that makes it likely to become en…
the number and variety of species on Earth
all the differences between populations of species as well as…
refers to the variety of habitats, communities and ecological…
threatened species
A decline in the population that makes it likely to become en…
biodiversity
the number and variety of species on Earth
27 terms
Chapter 10 AP Environmental Science
4 Land Uses
Environmental effects of Grazing
Desertification Process: (5 steps)
3 Types of Timber/Deforestation
-Grazing... -Timber... -Mining... -Urbanization/Sprawl
Overgrazing leads to:... -Loss of biodiversity (no native animal…
-Livestock consumes the vegetation... -After, they consume the r…
-Clear-cutting... -Selective cutting... -Ecologically sustainable f…
4 Land Uses
-Grazing... -Timber... -Mining... -Urbanization/Sprawl
Environmental effects of Grazing
Overgrazing leads to:... -Loss of biodiversity (no native animal…
33 terms
Environmental Science for AP Chapter 10
Tragedy of the Commons
Externality
Maximum sustainable yield
Resource conservation ethic
The tendency of a shared limited resources to become depleted
A cost or benefit of a good or service that is not included i…
(MSY) The maximum amount harvestable that does not Compromise…
People should maximize resource use based on the greatest good
Tragedy of the Commons
The tendency of a shared limited resources to become depleted
Externality
A cost or benefit of a good or service that is not included i…
31 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
tragedy of the commons
externality
maximum sustainable yield
resource conservation ethic
the tendency of a shared, limited resource to become depleted…
a cost or benefit of a good or service that is not included i…
maximum amount that can be harvested without compromising the…
people should maximize resource use based on the greatest goo…
tragedy of the commons
the tendency of a shared, limited resource to become depleted…
externality
a cost or benefit of a good or service that is not included i…
13 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Biodiversity
Gene
Keystone species
Ecotourism
the number of different species in a given area
a piece of DNA that codes for a specific trait that can be in…
a species that is so clearly critical to the function if an e…
a form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustaina…
Biodiversity
the number of different species in a given area
Gene
a piece of DNA that codes for a specific trait that can be in…
13 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 10
biodiversity
endangered species
exotic species
poaching
the variety of species living within an ecosystem
a species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
An organism that is carried into a new location by people
illegal hunting of protected animals
biodiversity
the variety of species living within an ecosystem
endangered species
a species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
36 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Community Ecology
Habitat
Ecosystems
Indicator Species
The study of all the population (plants, animals, and other s…
The physical environment in which individuals of a particular…
All the organisms in a given area plus the physical environme…
A species that is particularly vulnerable to ecosystem pertur…
Community Ecology
The study of all the population (plants, animals, and other s…
Habitat
The physical environment in which individuals of a particular…
15 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Land cover
Land use
Urban area
Rural area
Refers to the vegetation and manufactured structures that cov…
Human activities that occur on land and are directly related…
Most developed land covered mainly with buildings and roads t…
Any other type of land use or land cover
Land cover
Refers to the vegetation and manufactured structures that cov…
Land use
Human activities that occur on land and are directly related…
25 terms
Environmental science chapter 10
Land cover
Land use
Urban area
Rural area
The vegetation and manufactured structures that cover land
Human activities that occur on land and are directly related…
Mostly developed land covered mainly with buildings and roads…
Any other type of land use or land cover
Land cover
The vegetation and manufactured structures that cover land
Land use
Human activities that occur on land and are directly related…
36 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 10
community ecology
habitat
ecosystems
indicator species
the study of all the populations living in and interacting in…
the physical environment in which individuals of a particular…
all the organisms in a given area plus the physical environme…
a species that is specifically vulnerable to ecosystem pertur…
community ecology
the study of all the populations living in and interacting in…
habitat
the physical environment in which individuals of a particular…
19 terms
Chapter 10 Environmental Science
Environmental Health
Types of environmental hazards
toxicology
toxicant
the study and practice assessing environmental factors that i…
physical hazards, chemical hazards, biological hazards, cultu…
the science that examines the impacts of poisonous substances…
a poison or toxic agent
Environmental Health
the study and practice assessing environmental factors that i…
Types of environmental hazards
physical hazards, chemical hazards, biological hazards, cultu…
14 terms
Environmental science chapter 10
Genetic diversety
Species diversety
Ecological diversty
The most numerous species
The amount of genetic variation in a population
Number of different species within an ecosystem
Richness and complexity - number of trophic levels, niches, f…
Anthropology - insects - crustaceans
Genetic diversety
The amount of genetic variation in a population
Species diversety
Number of different species within an ecosystem
10 terms
Environmental Science Unit 4 Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Gene
Keystone Species
Ecotourism
Endangered Species
A portion of DNA that is the basic unit of heredity.
A species that is critical to an ecosystem and the survival o…
A form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustaina…
A species that has been identified to be in danger of extinct…
Gene
A portion of DNA that is the basic unit of heredity.
Keystone Species
A species that is critical to an ecosystem and the survival o…
10 terms
environmental science chapter 10
-Sulfur dioxide; colorless, corrosive…
-90% of CO in the air is consumed in p…
long range pollution transport and the…
UV radiation damaging animal cells, sk…
Know the origin and impacts of: Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen oxid…
What is the ozone layer and why is the ozone layer important
What is destroying the ozone layer and how?
What are the consequences of thinning or holes in the ozone l…
-Sulfur dioxide; colorless, corrosive…
Know the origin and impacts of: Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen oxid…
-90% of CO in the air is consumed in p…
What is the ozone layer and why is the ozone layer important
13 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Keystone species
Poaching
Gene
Exotic Species
A group of similar organisms that is critical to the function…
The illegal harvesting of fish, game, or other species.
A segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
A group of similar organisms that aren't native to a particul…
Keystone species
A group of similar organisms that is critical to the function…
Poaching
The illegal harvesting of fish, game, or other species.
32 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 10
clear-cutting
ecologically sustainable forestry
eminent domain
environmental impact statement (EIS)
a method of harvesting trees that involves removing all or al…
an approach to removing trees from forests in ways that do no…
a principle that grants government the power to acquire a pro…
a document outlining the scope and purpose of a development p…
clear-cutting
a method of harvesting trees that involves removing all or al…
ecologically sustainable forestry
an approach to removing trees from forests in ways that do no…
39 terms
environmental science chapter 10
Tragedy of the commons
Who came up with tragedy of the commons?
externality
negative externality
tendency of a shared, limited resource to become depleted bec…
Garrett Hardin
cost of benefit of a good or service that is not included in…
tragedy of the commons is a result. They so often lead to ser…
Tragedy of the commons
tendency of a shared, limited resource to become depleted bec…
Who came up with tragedy of the commons?
Garrett Hardin
14 terms
Environmental Science for AP Chapter 10
Tragedy of the Commons
Maximum sustainable yield
Multiple use lands
Forests
The tendency of a shared limited resources to become depleted
(MSY) The maximum amount harvestable that does not Compromise…
May be used a for recreation, grazing, etc.
Dominated by tree's
Tragedy of the Commons
The tendency of a shared limited resources to become depleted
Maximum sustainable yield
(MSY) The maximum amount harvestable that does not Compromise…
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Exotic species
threatened species
keystone species
endangered species
A species that is not native to a particular region
any species that is likely to become endangered if it is not…
species that are very important to the functioning of an ecos…
any species whose numbers have fallen so low that it is likel…
Exotic species
A species that is not native to a particular region
threatened species
any species that is likely to become endangered if it is not…
38 terms
Chapter 10 Environmental Science
The passenger pigeon is an example of…
Which of the following statements abou…
Fire ants in the southeastern Uniter S…
Which of the following would not be il…
Extinct
The California condor is the subject of a captive-breeding pr…
exotic species
having a permit to capture and conduct research with endanger…
The passenger pigeon is an example of…
Extinct
Which of the following statements abou…
The California condor is the subject of a captive-breeding pr…
13 terms
Environmental Science: Chapter 10
balance of nature
chronic patchiness
climax state
early-successional species
An environmental myth that states that the natural environmen…
A situation where ecological succession does not occur. One s…
A steady-state stage that would persist indefinitely and have…
Species that occur only or primarily during early stages of s…
balance of nature
An environmental myth that states that the natural environmen…
chronic patchiness
A situation where ecological succession does not occur. One s…
18 terms
Chapter 10 environmental science
Urbanization
Why do people move into the city
Land use vs land cover
Rural vs urban
Population shift from living in the country to living in cities
Jobs and helps environment- less land use
Use- what the land is being used for ... Cover- what's on the land
R- 2500 or less... U- 2500 or more
Urbanization
Population shift from living in the country to living in cities
Why do people move into the city
Jobs and helps environment- less land use
32 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 10
Tragedy of the Commons
Externality
Maximum sustainable yield
Resource Conservation Ethic
The tendency of a shared limited resources to become depleted
A cost or benefit of a good or service that is not included i…
(MSY) The maximum amount harvestable that does not Comprimise…
People should maximize resource use based on the greatest good
Tragedy of the Commons
The tendency of a shared limited resources to become depleted
Externality
A cost or benefit of a good or service that is not included i…
Chapter 10 Vocab Environmental Science
Biodiversity
Gene
Keystone Species
Ecotourism
The number of species within a specific habitat.
A discrete unit of hereditary information.
A species that influences the survival of many other species…
A form of tourism, based on the enjoyment of scenic areas or…
Biodiversity
The number of species within a specific habitat.
Gene
A discrete unit of hereditary information.
47 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Community Ecology
Habitat
Ecosystems
Indicator Species
The study of all the populations (plants, animals, and other…
The physical environment in which individuals of a particular…
All the organisms in a given area plus the physical environme…
A species that is particularly vulnerable to ecosystem pertur…
Community Ecology
The study of all the populations (plants, animals, and other…
Habitat
The physical environment in which individuals of a particular…
30 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
What is an endangered species?
How many species are estimated to be l…
What would be most effective in slowin…
In what part of the world are the grea…
a species in danger of going extinct
50 million
by protecting ecosystems
biodiversity hotspots (such as rainforests)
What is an endangered species?
a species in danger of going extinct
How many species are estimated to be l…
50 million
59 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
The tendency of a shared, limited reso…
The belief that people should maximize…
The maximum amount of renewable resour…
A US classification used to designate…
Tragedy of the commons
resource conservation
maximum sustainable yield
multi-use land
The tendency of a shared, limited reso…
Tragedy of the commons
The belief that people should maximize…
resource conservation
34 terms
Chapter 10 AP Environmental Science
Biodiversity Hotspots
Old Growth (primary) Forest
Second-growth forest
Tree Plantation
Areas especially rick in plant species that are found nowhere…
An uncut or regenerated forest that has not been seriously di…
A stand of trees resulting from secondary ecological successi…
A managed forest containing only one or two species of trees…
Biodiversity Hotspots
Areas especially rick in plant species that are found nowhere…
Old Growth (primary) Forest
An uncut or regenerated forest that has not been seriously di…
13 terms
Chapter 10: Biodiversity (Environmental Science) RHS
biodiversity
gene
keystone species
ecotourism
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
a species that is critical to the functioning of the ecosyste…
a form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustaina…
biodiversity
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
gene
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that cod…
35 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Living on a fault line that is prone t…
Cigarette smoke and radon are two of t…
The leading cause of death in the worl…
Which of the following is an example o…
Physical hazards occur naturally in the environment. Other ex…
Most people spend upward of 90% of their time indoors. Withou…
Almost 75% of deaths worldwide are caused by communicable dis…
smoking cigarettes. This is a choice that people make that ex…
Living on a fault line that is prone t…
Physical hazards occur naturally in the environment. Other ex…
Cigarette smoke and radon are two of t…
Most people spend upward of 90% of their time indoors. Withou…
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