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Study sets matching "exam chapter 5 physical science"

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Study sets matching "exam chapter 5 physical science"

Physical Science Chapter 5
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electrons
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
40 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5 : Work and Machines
Lever
Pulley
Wheel & Axle
Inclined Plane
A machine that does work by moving around a fixed point.
A rope wrapped around a grooved wheel.
2 wheels that rotate together - the smaller wheel is called t…
A sloping surface
Lever
A machine that does work by moving around a fixed point.
Pulley
A rope wrapped around a grooved wheel.
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
temperature
standard SI unit of temperature
thermal energy
heat
measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles that m…
kelvin
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the partic…
energy transferred between objects due to a temperature diffe…
temperature
measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles that m…
standard SI unit of temperature
kelvin
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
How many valence electrons does Chlori…
Which group of elements have eight val…
A period of the periodic table ends wh…
What is the electron dot diagram?
7
Inert Gases
8
A representation of an atom's valence electrons that uses che…
How many valence electrons does Chlori…
7
Which group of elements have eight val…
Inert Gases
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Motion
Speed
Average Speed
Units of Speed
The change of position of an object relative to a reference p…
The rate at which an object moves.
(Total distance)/(total time)
m/s, cm/s, mph, km/h
Motion
The change of position of an object relative to a reference p…
Speed
The rate at which an object moves.
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
ideal machine
Power
Effort force
Resistance force
A machine in which work input equals work output.
Rate at which work is done,
The force applied to a machine
The force exerted by the machine
ideal machine
A machine in which work input equals work output.
Power
Rate at which work is done,
Physical Science Chapter 5 Mechanics: Dynamics
force
contact forces
field forces
balanced forces
a push or pull on a system (scalar or vector)
forces that act between systems only when one system touches…
non-contact forces exerted on a susceptible object by similar…
forces that in combination with other forces acting on the sa…
force
a push or pull on a system (scalar or vector)
contact forces
forces that act between systems only when one system touches…
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electrons
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
Physical Science Chapter 5
Work
Force
Machine
Input Force
Transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
A push or pull exerted on an object
A device that makes work easier
the force exerted on a machine
Work
Transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
...
...
...
...
motion
...
reference point
...
Physical Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
physical property -
density -
state of matter -
size-dependent property -
any characteristic of matter that can be observed without cha…
the amount of mass in a given volume.
a physical property that describes whether a sample of matter…
a physical property that changes when the size of an object c…
physical property -
any characteristic of matter that can be observed without cha…
density -
the amount of mass in a given volume.
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5 Atoms
nucleus
subatomic particle
proton
atomic mass unit (amu)
the center of the atom that contains the protons and neutrons
particles that are smaller than an atom
positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom
used to measure subatomic particles
nucleus
the center of the atom that contains the protons and neutrons
subatomic particle
particles that are smaller than an atom
31 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5 (Trilogy)
temperature
thermal energy
heat
specific heat
the measure of average kinetic energy of the particles that m…
the sum of kinetic and potential energy of all the particles…
energy that is transferred between objects due to a temperatu…
is the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg…
temperature
the measure of average kinetic energy of the particles that m…
thermal energy
the sum of kinetic and potential energy of all the particles…
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
temperature
thermal energy
heat
specific heat
measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles th…
sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the particles that…
energy that is transferred between objects due to a temperatu…
amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg of a m…
temperature
measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles th…
thermal energy
sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the particles that…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Compound Machine
Mechanical advantage
Power
Incline Plane
A combination of two or more simple machines is a _______.
The ration of the output force to the input force is the ____…
_______ is the rate at which work is done.
A wedge is another form of a(n) _______.
Compound Machine
A combination of two or more simple machines is a _______.
Mechanical advantage
The ration of the output force to the input force is the ____…
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Chemical Change
Physical Change
Energy Level
Ion
A change that produces one or more new substances with new ch…
A change in which the appearance (physical properties) of a s…
One of the space around the nucleus of an atom in which an el…
An atom that has either a positive or a negative charge
Chemical Change
A change that produces one or more new substances with new ch…
Physical Change
A change in which the appearance (physical properties) of a s…
19 terms
prentice hall physical science chapter 5
valence electron
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
the symbol for the element surrounded by as many dots as ther…
the force that holds two atoms together
an atom, radical, or molecule that has gained or lost one or…
valence electron
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
electron dot diagram
the symbol for the element surrounded by as many dots as ther…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Aluminum
oxygen
nitrogen
carbon
the most abundant metal in the earth's crust
the most abundant element in the earth's crust
the most abundant element in the atmosphere
this element exists in almost every compound in your body
Aluminum
the most abundant metal in the earth's crust
oxygen
the most abundant element in the earth's crust
12 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 5
Electron dot diagram
Ion
Valence electron
Chemical bond
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom using dots
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
the force that holds atoms together
Electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom using dots
Ion
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
force
pound
newton
tension
a push or a pull, or any action that has the ability to chang…
the English unit of force
the SI unit of force (1 N is the amount of force needed to ma…
a pulling force that acts in a rope, string or other object
force
a push or a pull, or any action that has the ability to chang…
pound
the English unit of force
23 terms
Chapter 5 Physical Science Wier
Period
group
periodic law
atomic mass unit(amu)
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table that repea…
Vertical column of elements in the periodic table also known…
the law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
a unit of mass equal to one-twelfth the mass of a carbon-12 a…
Period
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table that repea…
group
Vertical column of elements in the periodic table also known…
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Mendeleev
Periodic Table
Period
Group
Russian chemist who developed a periodic table of the chemica…
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
A horizontal row in the periodic table
*A column on the periodic table
Mendeleev
Russian chemist who developed a periodic table of the chemica…
Periodic Table
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Physical Science
precipitate
endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
combustion
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
A reaction that absorbs energy in the from of heat.
A reaction that releases energy in the form of heat.
A rapid reaction between oxygen and fuel that produces therma…
precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
endothermic reaction
A reaction that absorbs energy in the from of heat.
14 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science: Chapter 5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table
the pattern of repeating properties of the elements in the pe…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
8 terms
Chapter 5 Physical Science
Periodic Table
Period
Group
Periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns based on a set of prope…
a row in a periodic table of elements
a column of elements in a periodic table
the patters of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
Periodic Table
an arrangement of elements in columns based on a set of prope…
Period
a row in a periodic table of elements
12 terms
Physical science chapter 5 vocabulary
periodic law
period
group
ion
the law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
A column on the periodic table
A particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
periodic law
the law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
period
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
18 terms
Chapter 5 physical science
Work
Conditions of work
Power
Watt
The transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an obje…
The object has to move, the motion of the object has to be in…
The amount of work done in a certain amount of time
1 J/s names after james watt
Work
The transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an obje…
Conditions of work
The object has to move, the motion of the object has to be in…
52 terms
physical science chapter 5
thermal energy
affect
thermal equilibrium
heat
internal energy due to the random motions of its individual m…
temperature, mass, state, all blank thermal energy
equal balance, the state at which no thermal energy is transf…
the transfer of thermal energy from one object of higher temp…
thermal energy
internal energy due to the random motions of its individual m…
affect
temperature, mass, state, all blank thermal energy
34 terms
Holt physical Science Chapter 5
An element is made up of only one type…
An element is a pure substance that ca…
Every element has a unique property, i…
Characteristic properties like boiling…
What is an element made up of?
What is an element?
What does every element have?
What does a characteristic property depend on?
An element is made up of only one type…
What is an element made up of?
An element is a pure substance that ca…
What is an element?
35 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Work
Force
Machine
Input Force
Transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
A push or pull exerted on an object
A device that makes work easier
the force exerted on a machine
Work
Transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
14 terms
physical science chapter 5
motion
speed
velocity
acceleration
an objects change in position relative to a reference point.
the distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
the speed of an object in a particular direction.
the rate at which velocity changes over time; an object accel…
motion
an objects change in position relative to a reference point.
speed
the distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5 - dynamics
inertia
laws of motion
law of inertia
mechanical equilibrium
The tendency of all matter to resist change in motion.
define the science of dynamics and apply to all areas of mech…
Law stating that objects at rest remain at rest and ... objects…
The condition in which all forces acting on a system are bala…
inertia
The tendency of all matter to resist change in motion.
laws of motion
define the science of dynamics and apply to all areas of mech…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Reactant
Product
A change that alters the form or appearance of a material but…
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance produced in a chemical reaction.
Physical Change
A change that alters the form or appearance of a material but…
Chemical Change
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
If a weight lifter is holding barbells…
A device that does work with only one…
A bar that is free to pivot about a fi…
The rate at which work is done is call…
lower the barbells
simple machine
lever
power
If a weight lifter is holding barbells…
lower the barbells
A device that does work with only one…
simple machine
14 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab Pearson Physical Science
Periodic Table
Period
Group
Periodic Law
An arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
A row in the a periodic table of elements.
A column of elements on the periodic table.
The pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
Periodic Table
An arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
Period
A row in the a periodic table of elements.
40 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Periodic Table
Periodic
Antoine Lavoisier
Dmitri Mendeleev
A CHART OF ELEMENTS showing the repeating pattern of their pr…
A tabular format listing all known elements.
1743-1794 French chemist known as the FATHER OF CHEMISTRY
Russian chemist who developed a periodic table of the chemica…
Periodic Table
A CHART OF ELEMENTS showing the repeating pattern of their pr…
Periodic
A tabular format listing all known elements.
32 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 5
inertia
laws of motion
law of inertia
mechanical equilibrium
The tendency of all matter to resist change in motion. Mass i…
Newton's three laws of motion, which define the science of dy…
Law stating that objects at rest remain at rest and objects i…
The condition in which all forces acting on ... a system are bal…
inertia
The tendency of all matter to resist change in motion. Mass i…
laws of motion
Newton's three laws of motion, which define the science of dy…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Physical Science
precipitate
endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
combustion
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
A reaction that absorbs energy in the from of heat.
A reaction that releases energy in the form of heat.
A rapid reaction between oxygen and fuel that produces therma…
precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
endothermic reaction
A reaction that absorbs energy in the from of heat.
18 terms
physical science chapter 5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns based on a set of prope…
a row from left to right in the periodic table
an vertical column in the periodic table
this pattern of repeating properties
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns based on a set of prope…
period
a row from left to right in the periodic table
9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Chemical Potential Energy
Elastic Potential Energy
Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
Energy stored in chemical bonds.
Energy stored when an object is compressed or stretched.
The ability to do work and cause a change to occur.
Energy stored by objects due to their position above Earth's…
Chemical Potential Energy
Energy stored in chemical bonds.
Elastic Potential Energy
Energy stored when an object is compressed or stretched.
11 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 5
Motion
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
an object's change in position over time when compared with a…
the rate at which an object moves; speed depends on the dista…
the speed of an object in a particular direction
the rate at which velocity changes; an object accelerates if…
Motion
an object's change in position over time when compared with a…
Speed
the rate at which an object moves; speed depends on the dista…
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Energy Level
Ion
Chemical Bond
Chemical Formula
A particular region where electrons can orbit a nucleus.
A charged atom
the force that holds two atoms together
shows the number and types of atoms in a compound
Energy Level
A particular region where electrons can orbit a nucleus.
Ion
A charged atom
15 terms
Physical science chapter 5 vocab
chemical bond
chemical structure
bond length
bond angle
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
the arrangement of the atoms in a substance
the distance between two bonded atoms at their minimum potent…
the angle formed by two bonds to the same atom
chemical bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
chemical structure
the arrangement of the atoms in a substance
33 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 5 Chemical Reactions
precipitate
endothermic reaction
catalyst
concentration
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
A reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat.
A material that increases the rate of a chemical reaction by…
The amount of one material dissolved in a given amount of ano…
precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
endothermic reaction
A reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat.
70 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
What is work?
What happens when work is done
What is the unit of work
What is the equation for work
Work is the transfer of energy that occurs when force makes a…
A transfer of ENERGY occurs
Joule
Work = force X distance... J = N times m... Joules equals newtons t…
What is work?
Work is the transfer of energy that occurs when force makes a…
What happens when work is done
A transfer of ENERGY occurs
13 terms
Physical Science chapter 5 vocab.
chemical Bond
Chemical Sturucture
bond length
Bond Angle
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
arrangement of atoms in a substance
the average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms.
the Angle formed by two bonds to the same atom
chemical Bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
Chemical Sturucture
arrangement of atoms in a substance
14 terms
Pryor Physical Science Chapter 5
heat
specific heat
temperature
thermal energy
Energy that transfers from one object to another because of a…
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 k…
The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles th…
The sum of the kinetic energy and the potential energy of all…
heat
Energy that transfers from one object to another because of a…
specific heat
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 k…
6 terms
Chapter 5 Physical Science
Naming Ionic compound
Properties of ionic compounds
Polar bond
non polar bond
- positive ion comes first followed by negative ion
Hard, brittle crystals that have high melting points. When di…
shared unequally
Shared equally
Naming Ionic compound
- positive ion comes first followed by negative ion
Properties of ionic compounds
Hard, brittle crystals that have high melting points. When di…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab (Physical Science)
Temperature
Thermal Energy
Heat
Specific heat
The measure of an object's average kinetic energy of the part…
The sum of an object's kinetic energy and the potential energ…
Thermal Energy that is transferred between objects due to a t…
The amount of heat needed to raise 1 kg of a material by 1 de…
Temperature
The measure of an object's average kinetic energy of the part…
Thermal Energy
The sum of an object's kinetic energy and the potential energ…
40 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Aristotle
Archimedes
Galileo
Sir Issac Newton
Matter has an urge to move in certain ways depending on its'…
First scientist to write about the cause of motion
realized motions of objects change due to a force applied to…
named pushes and pulls "forces"
Aristotle
Matter has an urge to move in certain ways depending on its'…
Archimedes
First scientist to write about the cause of motion
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