Study sets matching "exam chapter 5 science intro physical"

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Study sets matching "exam chapter 5 science intro physical"

Introduction to Physical Science : Chapter 5
A change of PHASE takes place at a con…
A circular hole is drilled into an alu…
A constant volume and mass of helium g…
A digital thermometer can make reading…
d. Temperature
b. become larger
A. 427C
b. The Fahrenheit setting, since 1 degree Fahrenheit is small…
A change of PHASE takes place at a con…
d. Temperature
A circular hole is drilled into an alu…
b. become larger
40 terms
Chapter 1 Introduction to Physical Science
science
observing
inferring
predicting
the study of the natural world
using one or more senses to gather information
explaining your observations
making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
science
the study of the natural world
observing
using one or more senses to gather information
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 5
Chemical formula
Reactant
Product
Valence electrons
Symbols that show the elements in a compound and the ratio of…
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
Chemical formula
Symbols that show the elements in a compound and the ratio of…
Reactant
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
20 terms
Introduction to Physical Science
accuracy
chemistry
controlled experiment
estimate
a measure of how close a measurement comes to the actual valu…
The science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dea…
An experiment with only one variable
An approximation for the result of a calculation.
accuracy
a measure of how close a measurement comes to the actual valu…
chemistry
The science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dea…
40 terms
Chapter 1 Introduction to Physical Science
science
observing
inferring
predicting
the study of the natural world
using one or more senses to gather information
explaining your observations
making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
science
the study of the natural world
observing
using one or more senses to gather information
Introduction to Physical Science: Chapter 7
A concave mirror will produce... a. only…
A flashlight beam is seen because of…
A diverging lens produces an image of…
A lens that is thicker at the center t…
c. real or virtual images.
d. diffuse reflection.
d. reduced, upright, and virtual.
c. both a convex lens and a converging lens.
A concave mirror will produce... a. only…
c. real or virtual images.
A flashlight beam is seen because of…
d. diffuse reflection.
25 terms
(Chapter 5 - Temperature and Heat) Introduction to Physical Science 13th ed.
specific heat
kilocalorie
radiation
third law of thermodynamics
Water has one of the highest
Food Calorie
Transfer of heat by electromagnetic waves
Can never attain absolute zero
specific heat
Water has one of the highest
kilocalorie
Food Calorie
26 terms
Chapter 1 - Introduction to Physical Science
Science
Observing
Qualitative Observation
Quantitative Observation
A way of learning about the natural world by gathering inform…
Using one or more of your senses to gather information.
Descriptions that don't involve numbers or measurements. ex.…
Measurement or amount. ex. height or weight
Science
A way of learning about the natural world by gathering inform…
Observing
Using one or more of your senses to gather information.
40 terms
Chapter 1 Introduction to Physical Science
science
observing
inferring
predicting
the study of the natural world
using one or more senses to gather information
explaining your observations
making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
science
the study of the natural world
observing
using one or more senses to gather information
26 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 1 - Introduction to Physical Science
science
observing
qualitative observations
quantitative observations
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
the process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
an observation that deals with characteristics that are not e…
an observation that deals with a number or amount
science
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
observing
the process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
Introduction to Physical Anthropology Chapter 5
Classification
Chordata
Vertabrates
homologies
Ordering of organisms into categories such as orders, familie…
The phylum of the animal kingdom the includes vertabrates
Spinal cord
Similarities between organisms based on descent from a common…
Classification
Ordering of organisms into categories such as orders, familie…
Chordata
The phylum of the animal kingdom the includes vertabrates
50 terms
Chapter 1 - Introduction to Physical Science
science
observation
inferring
predicting
the study of the natural world
using one or more senses to gather information
when you explain your observations
making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
science
the study of the natural world
observation
using one or more senses to gather information
Chapter 1 Introduction to Physical Science
science
observing
inferring
predicting
the study of the natural world
using one or more senses to gather information
explaining your observations
making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
science
the study of the natural world
observing
using one or more senses to gather information
Science - An Introduction to the Life, Earth, and Physical Sciences Ch 5
diversity
biodiversity
adaptation
natural selection
variety
measure of the number of different species in an area
any body shape, body process, or behavior that allows an orga…
process in which organisms with characteristics best suited f…
diversity
variety
biodiversity
measure of the number of different species in an area
14 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 5-Terms
Chemical formula
Reactant
Product
Valence electrons
Symbols that show the elements in a compound and the ratio of…
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
Chemical formula
Symbols that show the elements in a compound and the ratio of…
Reactant
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
temperature
standard SI unit of temperature
thermal energy
heat
measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles that m…
kelvin
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the partic…
energy transferred between objects due to a temperature diffe…
temperature
measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles that m…
standard SI unit of temperature
kelvin
Chapter 1 Introduction to Physical Science
science
observing
inferring
predicting
the study of the natural world
using one or more senses to gather information
reaching a conclusion about something from known facts or evi…
making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
science
the study of the natural world
observing
using one or more senses to gather information
Physical Science Chapter 5
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electrons
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
Chapter 1 - Introduction to Physical Science
Inferring
Predicting
Variable
Technology
Explanation of your observations using reasoning from what yo…
Making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
The factors that can change in an experiment.
A way of changing the natural world to meet human needs or so…
Inferring
Explanation of your observations using reasoning from what yo…
Predicting
Making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
10 terms
Introduction to Business - Chapter 5
Small Business
virtual business
Being your own boss
Sole Proprietorships
an independently owned business that usually has the owner as…
a business that operates on the internet
the main reason people become entrepreneurs
owned and operated by one person
Small Business
an independently owned business that usually has the owner as…
virtual business
a business that operates on the internet
7 terms
Introduction to Physical Science
Chemistry
Physics
Matter
Energy
Study of matter composition, structure, properties, and inter…
Study of matter and its motion/energy in the physical world
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The ability to cause change
Chemistry
Study of matter composition, structure, properties, and inter…
Physics
Study of matter and its motion/energy in the physical world
15 terms
Introduction to Science chapter 1 Physical Science
science
technology
law
theory
the knowledge obtained by observing natural events and condit…
the application of science for practical purposes
a descriptive statement or equation that reliably predicts ev…
a system of ideas that explains many related observations and…
science
the knowledge obtained by observing natural events and condit…
technology
the application of science for practical purposes
40 terms
Chapter 1 Introduction to Physical Science
science
observing
inferring
predicting
the study of the natural world
using one or more senses to gather information
explaining your observations
making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
science
the study of the natural world
observing
using one or more senses to gather information
26 terms
Chapter 1: Introduction to Physical Science
science
observing
qualitative observation
quantitative observation
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
the process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
an observation that deals with characteristics that are not e…
am observation that deals with a number amount or measurement
science
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
observing
the process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
34 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 5 Thermal Energy
Temperautre
Thermometer
Thermometer Step 1
Thermometer Step 2
Objects with more kinetic energy feel hotter than objects wit…
Measures how much kinetic energy is in the substance its plac…
Molecules in water bump into each other
Molecules bump into the thermometer
Temperautre
Objects with more kinetic energy feel hotter than objects wit…
Thermometer
Measures how much kinetic energy is in the substance its plac…
Physical Science Chapter 5
Motion
Speed
Average Speed
Units of Speed
The change of position of an object relative to a reference p…
The rate at which an object moves.
(Total distance)/(total time)
m/s, cm/s, mph, km/h
Motion
The change of position of an object relative to a reference p…
Speed
The rate at which an object moves.
34 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 2 - Introduction to Matter
matter
chemistry
substance
physical property
anything that has mass and occupies space
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
a single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
chemistry
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
Science Vocab Chapter 5 (Introduction to Living Things)
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Homeotasis
Controlled Experiment
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
Organisms that cannot make their own food.
A condition of equilibrium or balance in the body's interval…
An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a…
Autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
Heterotrophs
Organisms that cannot make their own food.
Physical Science Chapter 5
Work
Force
Machine
Input Force
Transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
A push or pull exerted on an object
A device that makes work easier
the force exerted on a machine
Work
Transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
12 terms
Introduction to Physical Science
Observe
Hypothesis
Experiment
Independent Variable
To use any of the five senses to gather information about som…
A testable idea
An investigation done in order to make a discovery or test a…
Answers the questions what do I change?
Observe
To use any of the five senses to gather information about som…
Hypothesis
A testable idea
259 terms
Introduction to Physical Science Vocabulary
Science
Scientific theory
Scientific law
System
A way of learning more about the natural world Pg 6
An attempt to explain a pattern observed repeatedly in the na…
A rule that describes a pattern in nature. For an observation…
Collection of structures, cycles, and processes that relate t…
Science
A way of learning more about the natural world Pg 6
Scientific theory
An attempt to explain a pattern observed repeatedly in the na…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
...
...
...
...
motion
...
reference point
...
Criminalistcs: An introduction to forensic science Chapter 5
Anything that has mass and occupies sp…
The basic building blocks of all subst…
The number of elements known today is…
An arrangement of elements by similar…
...
...
...
...
Anything that has mass and occupies sp…
...
The basic building blocks of all subst…
...
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
How many valence electrons does Chlori…
Which group of elements have eight val…
A period of the periodic table ends wh…
What is the electron dot diagram?
7
Inert Gases
8
A representation of an atom's valence electrons that uses che…
How many valence electrons does Chlori…
7
Which group of elements have eight val…
Inert Gases
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Chemical Change
Physical Change
Energy Level
Ion
A change that produces one or more new substances with new ch…
A change in which the appearance (physical properties) of a s…
One of the space around the nucleus of an atom in which an el…
An atom that has either a positive or a negative charge
Chemical Change
A change that produces one or more new substances with new ch…
Physical Change
A change in which the appearance (physical properties) of a s…
14 terms
Physical Science Ch1 Introduction to Physical Science
scientific method
hypothesis
theory
law
Consists of making observations on the phenomenon needing exp…
A tentative explanation that can be tested by further observa…
A hypothesis that has been supported with repeated testing.
A statement that summarizes, often as a mathematical relation…
scientific method
Consists of making observations on the phenomenon needing exp…
hypothesis
A tentative explanation that can be tested by further observa…
26 terms
Introduction to Political Science Chapter 5
Constitution
Goals of the constitution
Civil liberties
1789
a written document outlining the structure of a political sys…
to form a more perfect union, ... to establish justice, ... to ensu…
areas of personal freedom with which govts. are prevented fro…
when the constitution was first amended
Constitution
a written document outlining the structure of a political sys…
Goals of the constitution
to form a more perfect union, ... to establish justice, ... to ensu…
5 terms
Physical Science (C): Introduction to Energy
work
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
when a force causes an object to move in the direction of the…
the ability to do work
the energy of motion
energy an object has because of its position or shape
work
when a force causes an object to move in the direction of the…
energy
the ability to do work
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
force
pound
newton
tension
a push or a pull, or any action that has the ability to chang…
the English unit of force
the SI unit of force (1 N is the amount of force needed to ma…
a pulling force that acts in a rope, string or other object
force
a push or a pull, or any action that has the ability to chang…
pound
the English unit of force
41 terms
Chapter #1: Introduction to Physical Science
Science
Observing
Inferring
Predicting
The study of the natural world through observations and logic…
The process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
The process of making an inference, an interpretation based o…
The process of forecasting what will happen in the future bas…
Science
The study of the natural world through observations and logic…
Observing
The process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
12 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 5
Electron dot diagram
Ion
Valence electron
Chemical bond
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom using dots
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
the force that holds atoms together
Electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom using dots
Ion
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
40 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5 : Work and Machines
Lever
Pulley
Wheel & Axle
Inclined Plane
A machine that does work by moving around a fixed point.
A rope wrapped around a grooved wheel.
2 wheels that rotate together - the smaller wheel is called t…
A sloping surface
Lever
A machine that does work by moving around a fixed point.
Pulley
A rope wrapped around a grooved wheel.
Introduction to Physical Science
Chemistry
Physics
Laws of Motion
Chemistry and Physics
the study of matter and its changes
the study of energy and its interactions with matter
on what laws are seat belts based
What are the two main branches of Physical Science?
Chemistry
the study of matter and its changes
Physics
the study of energy and its interactions with matter
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Mendeleev
Periodic Table
Period
Group
Russian chemist who developed a periodic table of the chemica…
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
A horizontal row in the periodic table
*A column on the periodic table
Mendeleev
Russian chemist who developed a periodic table of the chemica…
Periodic Table
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
18 terms
Chapter 5 physical science
Work
Conditions of work
Power
Watt
The transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an obje…
The object has to move, the motion of the object has to be in…
The amount of work done in a certain amount of time
1 J/s names after james watt
Work
The transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an obje…
Conditions of work
The object has to move, the motion of the object has to be in…
Physical Science Chapter 5
Compound Machine
Mechanical advantage
Power
Incline Plane
A combination of two or more simple machines is a _______.
The ration of the output force to the input force is the ____…
_______ is the rate at which work is done.
A wedge is another form of a(n) _______.
Compound Machine
A combination of two or more simple machines is a _______.
Mechanical advantage
The ration of the output force to the input force is the ____…
Physical Science Chapter 1 Introduction to Science
Science
Technology
Law
Theory
the knowledge obtained by observing natural events and condit…
the application of science for practical purposes.
a descriptive statement of equation that reliably predicts ev…
a system of ideas that explains many related observations and…
Science
the knowledge obtained by observing natural events and condit…
Technology
the application of science for practical purposes.
14 terms
Chapter 5 Physical Science
precipitate
endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
combustion
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
A reaction that absorbs energy in the from of heat.
A reaction that releases energy in the form of heat.
A rapid reaction between oxygen and fuel that produces therma…
precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
endothermic reaction
A reaction that absorbs energy in the from of heat.
10 terms
Introduction to Business - Chapter 5
Small Business
virtual business
Being your own boss
Sole Proprietorships
an independently owned business that usually has the owner as…
a business that operates on the internet
the main reason people become entrepreneurs
owned and operated by one person
Small Business
an independently owned business that usually has the owner as…
virtual business
a business that operates on the internet
Physical Science Chapter 5
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electrons
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
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