Study sets matching "exam science chemistry chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "exam science chemistry chapter 10"

Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10
Gas physical properties
Pressure
Newton (N)
Pascal (Pa)
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Force per unit area... P = F/A
SI unit for force... 1 N = 1 kg-m/s^2
SI unit for pressure... 1 Pa = 1 N/m^2 = 1 kg/m-s^2
Gas physical properties
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Pressure
Force per unit area... P = F/A
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10
Gas physical properties
Pressure
Newton (N)
Pascal (Pa)
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Force per unit area... P = F/A
SI unit for force... 1 N = 1 kg-m/s^2
SI unit for pressure... 1 Pa = 1 N/m^2 = 1 kg/m-s^2
Gas physical properties
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Pressure
Force per unit area... P = F/A
22 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 10 - Chemistry
chemical symbol
nucleus
electron
proton
an abbreviated way to write the name of an element
the positively charged center of an atom that contains proton…
negatively charged particles that are in orbit around the nuc…
atomic particle with a positive charge that is part of an ato…
chemical symbol
an abbreviated way to write the name of an element
nucleus
the positively charged center of an atom that contains proton…
24 terms
Chapter 10 Chemistry The Central Science
Pressure
pascals
bar
standard atmospheric pressure
the force applied to a unit area of surface
The SI unit of pressure
(meteorology) a unit of pressure equal to a million dynes per…
the atmospheric pressure measured at sea level - 760 mm of me…
Pressure
the force applied to a unit area of surface
pascals
The SI unit of pressure
24 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10 Vocab
Vapor
Pressure
Pascal (Pa)
Standard atmospheric pressure
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N/m/m.
Defines as 160 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa.
Vapor
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
Pressure
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
28 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10
Gas physical properties
Pressure
Newton (N)
Pascal (Pa)
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Force per unit area... P = F/A
SI unit for force... 1 N = 1 kg-m/s^2
SI unit for pressure... 1 Pa = 1 N/m^2 = 1 kg/m-s^2
Gas physical properties
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Pressure
Force per unit area... P = F/A
16 terms
Science Chapter 10 Carbon Chemistry
Isomers
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Hydroxyl group
Compounds that have the same chemical formula but different s…
A hydrocarbon molecule in which all the bonds are single bonds
A hydrocarbon in which a carbon atom forms a double or triple…
An oxygen atom and a hydrogen atom joined by a covalent bond
Isomers
Compounds that have the same chemical formula but different s…
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon molecule in which all the bonds are single bonds
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
Radioactivity
Nuclear Radiation
Alpha Particle
Beta Particle
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Charged particles and energy that are emitted from the nuclei…
A positively charged particle made up of two protons and two…
An electron emitted by an unstable nucleus
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Nuclear Radiation
Charged particles and energy that are emitted from the nuclei…
10 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10/Physical Science Chapter 19
chemical reaction
equation
reactants
products
the process by which one or more substances are changed into…
represents a chemical reaction
starting substances in a chemical reaction... left side of an eq…
substances formed by a chemical reaction... right side of an equ…
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances are changed into…
equation
represents a chemical reaction
25 terms
CHEMISTRY: THE CENTRAL SCIENCE chapter 10
vapors
pressure
pascal... (Pa)
bar
(section 10.1)
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
(section 10.2)
(section 10.2)
vapors
(section 10.1)
pressure
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
Chemistry Chapter 10 The Mole
mole
Avogadro's number
molar mass
percent composition (% by mass)
the SI base unit used to measure the amount of a substance, a…
the number 6.0221367 X 10 23 which is the number of represent…
the mass in grams of one mole of any pure substance
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
mole
the SI base unit used to measure the amount of a substance, a…
Avogadro's number
the number 6.0221367 X 10 23 which is the number of represent…
28 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10
Gas physical properties
Pressure
Newton (N)
Pascal (Pa)
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Force per unit area... P = F/A
SI unit for force... 1 N = 1 kg-m/s^2
SI unit for pressure... 1 Pa = 1 N/m^2 = 1 kg/m-s^2
Gas physical properties
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Pressure
Force per unit area... P = F/A
24 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10 Vocab
Vapor
Pressure
Pascal (Pa)
Standard atmospheric pressure
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N/m/m.
Defines as 160 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa.
Vapor
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
Pressure
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10 Terms
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Effusion
Diffusion of gases
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
9 terms
Global science: Chapter 10 (Nuclear chemistry)
Radioactivity
Radioisotope
Nuclear particle
Half-life
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
An isotope with an unstable nucleus
A positively charged particle made up of two protons and two…
The time required for one half of sample of a radioisotope to…
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Radioisotope
An isotope with an unstable nucleus
7 terms
Chemistry Vocab Chapter 10
Avogadro's Number
mole
molar mass
Empirical Formula
6.02X10^23; counts extremely small particles
an SI base unit used to measure the quantity of matter
Mass in grams of one mole of any pure substance
Formula with smallest whole-number ratio of the elements
Avogadro's Number
6.02X10^23; counts extremely small particles
mole
an SI base unit used to measure the quantity of matter
CHEMISTRY: THE CENTRAL SCIENCE chapter 10
vapors
pressure
pascal... (Pa)
bar
(section 10.1)
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
(section 10.2)
(section 10.2)
vapors
(section 10.1)
pressure
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
5 terms
Rainbow Science Chemistry, Chapter 10-15
What number does the group of reacting…
Polyatomic ions
What is carbon chemistry called?
What is petroleum oil made of?
8
groups of atoms that act as though they are a single element
Organic chemistry
Hydrocarbons
What number does the group of reacting…
8
Polyatomic ions
groups of atoms that act as though they are a single element
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
Radioactivity
Radioisotope
Nuclear Radiation
Alpha Particle
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Any atom containing an unstable nucleus
Charged particles and energy that are emitted from the nuclei…
A positively charged particle made up of two protons and two…
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Radioisotope
Any atom containing an unstable nucleus
13 terms
Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
Radioactivity
Radioisotope
Nuclear radiation
Alpha particle
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
An isotope with an unstable nucleus.
Charged particles and electromagnetic waves that are emitted…
A positively charged particle, emitted by certain nuclei, mad…
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Radioisotope
An isotope with an unstable nucleus.
15 terms
Pearson Chemistry- Chapter 10
counting the representative particles…
the molar mass of an element is its __…
the molar mass of a(n) _________ is th…
used to convert mass to moles or moles…
mole
atomic mass
compound; compound
molar mass
counting the representative particles…
mole
the molar mass of an element is its __…
atomic mass
68 terms
Science Chapter 10-Foundations of Chemistry
The chemical equation for the reaction…
Which physical property would be most…
A change in _______ is a sign that a c…
Occurs when thermal energy is added to…
3CO2 and 4H2O
boiling point
state
boiling
The chemical equation for the reaction…
3CO2 and 4H2O
Which physical property would be most…
boiling point
chapter 10 chemistry term
representative particle
molar mass
avogadro's hypothesis
percent composition
the kind of particles present in a substance such as atoms mo…
the mass in grams of one moleof an element or compound
equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
representative particle
the kind of particles present in a substance such as atoms mo…
molar mass
the mass in grams of one moleof an element or compound
27 terms
Chapter 10 Chemistry
diffusion
effusion
Graham's law of effusion
permeability
(p. 34) spontaneous, uniform mixing caused by particle motion
(p. 244) a process in which gas particles pass through a tiny…
(p. 245) a law stating that the rate of effusion for a gas is…
(p. 245) a qualitative or quantitative measure of how easily…
diffusion
(p. 34) spontaneous, uniform mixing caused by particle motion
effusion
(p. 244) a process in which gas particles pass through a tiny…
13 terms
Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
Radioactivity
Radioisotope
Nuclear radiation
Alpha particle
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
An isotope with an unstable nucleus.
Charged particles and electromagnetic waves that are emitted…
A positively charged particle, emitted by certain nuclei, mad…
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Radioisotope
An isotope with an unstable nucleus.
32 terms
Chemistry: A Molecular Science Chapter 10
absolute zero
aerosols
avogadro's law
bar
lowest possible temperature; 0K
small particles that remain suspended indefinitely in air
the volume of a gas, at a given temp and pressure, is directl…
a pressure unit equal to 100,000 Pa
absolute zero
lowest possible temperature; 0K
aerosols
small particles that remain suspended indefinitely in air
17 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 10 Vocab - Nuclear Chemistry
radioactivity
radioisotope
nuclear radiation
alpha particle
an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged particles and energy
any atom containing an unstable nucleus
charged particles and energy that are emitted from the nuclei…
a positively charged particle made up of two protons and two…
radioactivity
an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged particles and energy
radioisotope
any atom containing an unstable nucleus
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10 Shearer
Kinetic Molecular theory of matter
KE
Gases have:
Real gases behave like ideal behavior…
1. Gases consist of a large number of tiny articles far apart…
expressed in J
Expansion- 3,4... Fluidity- gases flow and move past each other…
1. At high pressure... 2. At low temp... The more polar the gas, th…
Kinetic Molecular theory of matter
1. Gases consist of a large number of tiny articles far apart…
KE
expressed in J
15 terms
Chemistry: A Molecular Science Chapter 10
absolute zero
diffusion
effusion
ideal gas
lowest possible temperature; 0K
spread of gas molecules of one type through those of another…
escape of gas molecules from a container through a tiny hole…
a gas that behaves exactly as described by the ideal gas law,…
absolute zero
lowest possible temperature; 0K
diffusion
spread of gas molecules of one type through those of another…
26 terms
Chemistry: A Molecular Science Chapter 10
absolute zero
aerosols
avogadro's law
bar
lowest possible temperature; 0K
small particles that remain suspended indefinitely in air
the volume of a gas, at a given temp and pressure, is directl…
a pressure unit equal to 100,000 Pa
absolute zero
lowest possible temperature; 0K
aerosols
small particles that remain suspended indefinitely in air
Life Science Chapter 10
cuticle
vascular tissue
zygote
nonvascular plants
the waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems o…
System of tubelike structures inside a plant through which wa…
a fertilized egg
Plants that lack a well-developed system of tubes for transpo…
cuticle
the waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems o…
vascular tissue
System of tubelike structures inside a plant through which wa…
CHEMISTRY CHAPTER 10
Properties that define the gaseous state
pressure
atmospheric pressure (atm)
units of pressure
1. volume... 2. temperature... 3. pressure... 4. amount of gas (number…
the amount of force applied to an area ... P = F/A
The weight of air per unit area
1. Pascal: 1Pa = 1 N/m^2... 2. bar: 1 bar=100 kPa... 3. mmHg or tor…
Properties that define the gaseous state
1. volume... 2. temperature... 3. pressure... 4. amount of gas (number…
pressure
the amount of force applied to an area ... P = F/A
Chemistry Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Diffusion
Effusion
Elastic Collision
Fluids
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A process by which gas particles pass through a tiny opening
A collision in which the total momentum and the total kinetic…
Liquids and gases
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Effusion
A process by which gas particles pass through a tiny opening
14 terms
CHEMISTRY: THE CENTRAL SCIENCE chapter 10
pressure
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Avogadro's hypothesis
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
V = constant × 1/P... PV = constant... (section 10.3)
V = constant × T... V / T = constant... (section 10.3)
idea that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and…
pressure
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
Boyle's Law
V = constant × 1/P... PV = constant... (section 10.3)
24 terms
Life Science Chapter 10
kingdom Plantae
botany
node
taproot system
multicellular eukaryotes that photosynthesize, contain cell w…
the scientific study of plants
The point of attachment of a leaf on a stem.
Root system made up of one large root and many small, thin ro…
kingdom Plantae
multicellular eukaryotes that photosynthesize, contain cell w…
botany
the scientific study of plants
12 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10 The Mole
molecule
mole
Avogadro's number
conversion factor
two or more atoms that covalently bond together to form a unit
the SI base unit for measuring the amount of a substance, def…
number of representative particles in a mole, 6.02 X 10^23
a ratio of equivalent measurements used to convert a quantity…
molecule
two or more atoms that covalently bond together to form a unit
mole
the SI base unit for measuring the amount of a substance, def…
Chapter 10 Chemistry Terms
Energy
Law of Conservation Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Ability to do work.
The rule that states that energy cannot be created or destroy…
Energy that is stored and held in readiness.
The energy an object has because of its motion.
Energy
Ability to do work.
Law of Conservation Energy
The rule that states that energy cannot be created or destroy…
Science Chapter 10 Vocab
Fossil Fuels
Compost
Minerals
Metals
Coal, Natural gas, petroleum
recycled plants and food
solid substance found in the ground
good conductors of hear and electricity
Fossil Fuels
Coal, Natural gas, petroleum
Compost
recycled plants and food
7 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10
Avogadro's Number
Mole
Molar Mass
Empirical Formula
6.02x10^23... Number of representative particles contained I'm…
The SI base unit to measure the amount of a substance, abbrev…
a term used to refer to the mass of a mole of any substance
A formula that shows the smallest whole-number mole ratio of…
Avogadro's Number
6.02x10^23... Number of representative particles contained I'm…
Mole
The SI base unit to measure the amount of a substance, abbrev…
11 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10
Vapors
Atmospheric Pressure
Ideal Gas Law
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Substances is a liquid or solid under ordinary conditions, bu…
F=ma, created by the force of gravity pushing down on earth
Describes observable behavior of gases... PV=nRT... R= 0.0821 L-atm…
Describes gases on a molecular level (microscopic)... Gases in c…
Vapors
Substances is a liquid or solid under ordinary conditions, bu…
Atmospheric Pressure
F=ma, created by the force of gravity pushing down on earth
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Weather
Air pressure
Barometer
Humidity
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Force of air against a unit of area
Instrument used to measure air pressure
Amount of water vapor in the air
Weather
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Air pressure
Force of air against a unit of area
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10
What are the six physical properties o…
What happens to a gas molecule's energ…
The kinetic theory says that gas molec…
The kinetic theory says that gases mov…
fluidity, permeability, compressibility, exspansibility, diff…
it stays the same
great distances
in all directions at high velocities
What are the six physical properties o…
fluidity, permeability, compressibility, exspansibility, diff…
What happens to a gas molecule's energ…
it stays the same
9 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10
Avogadro's hypothesis
Avogadro's number
empirical formula
molar mass
equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
the number of representative particles contained in one mole…
a formula with the lowest whole-number ratio of elements in c…
the mass of a mole of any substance
Avogadro's hypothesis
equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
Avogadro's number
the number of representative particles contained in one mole…
9 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10
phase
melting
freezing
evaporation
one of the four states or conditions in which a substance can…
the change in state in which a solid becomes a liquid by addi…
the change in state in which a liquid becomes a solid as ener…
the change of state from a liquid to a gas
phase
one of the four states or conditions in which a substance can…
melting
the change in state in which a solid becomes a liquid by addi…
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Acute Exposure
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
High levels of exposure over a short period
substances that produce allergic reactions
the accumulation of a substance, such as a toxic chemical, in…
accumulation of pollutants at successive levels of the food c…
Acute Exposure
High levels of exposure over a short period
Allergens
substances that produce allergic reactions
3 Science Chapter 10
orbit
sun
planet
astroids
the path around the sun
a ball of burning gas
a ball of rock or gas that orbits a star
small rocky objects in space that orbit the sun
orbit
the path around the sun
sun
a ball of burning gas
28 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 10
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
the attraction force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
condensed states
liquids and solids
intermolecular forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
Chapter 10 Science
matter
buoyancy
mass
solid
Anything that takes up space and has mass
The upward push of water or air on an object
The amount of matter that makes up an object
matter that has a definite shape and a definite mass
matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
buoyancy
The upward push of water or air on an object
10 terms
Chapter 10 Science Definitions
Gravity
Weight
Scale
Mass
A pull that every object exerts on every other object and tha…
A measure of how much earth's gravity pulls down on a object
Measures the effects of gravity on an object by measuring wei…
The amount of matter in an object
Gravity
A pull that every object exerts on every other object and tha…
Weight
A measure of how much earth's gravity pulls down on a object
23 terms
Science Chapter 10
Force
Newton (N)
Net Force
Unbalanced Forces
A force is a push or pull
The SI unit for the magnitude, or strength of a force
The combination,or cumulative effect,of all the forces
Unbalanced forces will cause the velocity to change
Force
A force is a push or pull
Newton (N)
The SI unit for the magnitude, or strength of a force
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