Study sets matching "exam study biology guide"

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Study sets matching "exam study biology guide"

Final Biology Study Guide
Adaptation
Extinction
Species
Evolution
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
The disappearance of all members of a species from Earth
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Adaptation
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
Extinction
The disappearance of all members of a species from Earth
103 terms
biology exam study guide
the cell theory
organelles
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
structures with specialized uses that are contained inside nu…
cells that dont have a nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
cells that have a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
the cell theory
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
organelles
structures with specialized uses that are contained inside nu…
56 terms
Biology study guide
endergonic reaction
endergonic reaction causes
Photosynthesis Equation
Autotrophs
stores energy
carbon dioxide, light and water to produce macromolecules and…
produce their own food.
endergonic reaction
stores energy
endergonic reaction causes
carbon dioxide, light and water to produce macromolecules and…
biology study guide #20
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
longest phase
1st step of mitosis
2nd step: chromosomes lines up along the middle of the cell
3rd step: double stranded chromosomes split apart and move to…
interphase
longest phase
prophase
1st step of mitosis
45 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
comparisons of prokaryotes and eukaryo…
differences of prokaryotes and eukaryo…
comparisons of plant and animal cells
differences of plant and animal cells
both include DNA & located in plants
-prokaryotes only includes bacteria and archabacteria; does n…
both have cell membranes, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, ribo…
-plant cell has a cell wall and chloroplasts; animal cell doe…
comparisons of prokaryotes and eukaryo…
both include DNA & located in plants
differences of prokaryotes and eukaryo…
-prokaryotes only includes bacteria and archabacteria; does n…
503 terms
Ultimate Study Guide | Biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
An active movement where an input of energy is required. Part…
A passive movement of particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
Osmosis
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
24 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
The organelle that contains the DNA an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
In this solution a cell will swell to…
The ______________ helps to control th…
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Hypertonic solution
Lipid head
The organelle that contains the DNA an…
Nucleus
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
Nucleolus
154 terms
Study Guide- Field Biology
Yew
American Robin
White Cedar
Willow
Shrub
Orange stomach with brownish top
Fan-like branches and has scaly leaves.
Leaves are droopy
Yew
Shrub
American Robin
Orange stomach with brownish top
65 terms
Biology study guide
biology
3 domain
Taxonomy
6 kingdoms
the study of living organisms
-archaea... -bacteria... -eukarya
is the science of naming and classifying organ
-archaea... -eu/bacteria... -animalia... -plantae... -fungi... -protista
biology
the study of living organisms
3 domain
-archaea... -bacteria... -eukarya
Biology Study Guide
DNA
RNA
Double Helix
Chromosome
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
Double helix is the description of the structure of a DNA mol…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
DNA
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
RNA
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
20 terms
Study guide 1 Biology
Life is organized know the order from…
cell
population
ecosystem
1. atom ... 2.molecules... 3.cell... 4.tissue... 5.organ... 6.organ system... 7…
the smallest, most basic unit of life. (Although a cell is al…
All the members of a species with in a particular are (organi…
Most encompassing level of organization, communities interact…
Life is organized know the order from…
1. atom ... 2.molecules... 3.cell... 4.tissue... 5.organ... 6.organ system... 7…
cell
the smallest, most basic unit of life. (Although a cell is al…
19 terms
study guide 3 Biology
know what distinguishes organic molecu…
know the 4 categories of biological-or…
know the difference between dehydratio…
Hydrolysis
Organic molecules contain carbon and hydrogen.make up portion…
1-carbohydrates-sugar and starches... 2-lipids- oils... 3-proteins-…
Dehydration: remove water, joins monomers to form polymers an…
Breaks polymers apart, water is used to break the bond.... an —O…
know what distinguishes organic molecu…
Organic molecules contain carbon and hydrogen.make up portion…
know the 4 categories of biological-or…
1-carbohydrates-sugar and starches... 2-lipids- oils... 3-proteins-…
Fall Study Guide- Biology
Acid
Activation Energy
atomic number
base
PH less than 7, more than H+ than OH-
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
number of protons
PH more than 7, More OH- than H+
Acid
PH less than 7, more than H+ than OH-
Activation Energy
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
34 terms
study guide 2 Biology
know subatomic particles and their cha…
Atomic mass
atomic number
atomic symbol
electron: subatomic element that has negative charge and is... f…
the average sum of protons and neutrons ... NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM
All atoms of an element have the same number of protons. also…
Unique name of an atom or element
know subatomic particles and their cha…
electron: subatomic element that has negative charge and is... f…
Atomic mass
the average sum of protons and neutrons ... NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM
48 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - Study Guide
Griffith's Idea
Griffith's Experiment
Griffith's Conclusion
Avery, McCarty, Macleod's Idea
- injected mice with pneumonia-causing bacteria
A. Mice + LR = lived... B. Mice + LS = died... C. Mice + HKS = live…
- somehow the LR bacteria had been transformed into LS bacter…
- repeated the last part of Griffith's experiment, with the a…
Griffith's Idea
- injected mice with pneumonia-causing bacteria
Griffith's Experiment
A. Mice + LR = lived... B. Mice + LS = died... C. Mice + HKS = live…
18 terms
study guide 4 biology
how the plasma membrane works in contr…
Functions of Membrane proteins... Channel…
Transport
Cell recognition
The plasma membrane's main function is to regulate the concen…
form a tunnel across the entire membrane allowin only one or…
transport protein are also involved in the passage of molecul…
Cell Recognition P.are glycoproteins, they enable our bodies…
how the plasma membrane works in contr…
The plasma membrane's main function is to regulate the concen…
Functions of Membrane proteins... Channel…
form a tunnel across the entire membrane allowin only one or…
Biology Study Guide
Somatic Cell
Differentiation
Haploid
Diploid
Body cell.
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
Somatic Cell
Body cell.
Differentiation
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
82 terms
Biology EOC study guide
The science that seeks to understand t…
Unicellular only consists of a single…
Homeostasis is the process by which or…
The main characteristics of life inclu…
What is the study of Biology?
Contrast unicellular and multicellular organisms.
What is homeostasis? Give an example.
What are the main characteristics of life?
The science that seeks to understand t…
What is the study of Biology?
Unicellular only consists of a single…
Contrast unicellular and multicellular organisms.
14 terms
Biology Study Guide
metabolism
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
adenosine triphosphate
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
...
...
...
metabolism
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
photosynthesis
...
39 terms
Biology - Unit 1 - Biology Skills - Study Guide
science
science
pseudoscience
pseudoscience
Science or Pseudoscience? Uses testable ideas
Science or Pseudoscience? Relies on objective observations
Science or Pseudoscience? Often contradicts itself
Science or Pseudoscience? A belief that cannot be affected by…
science
Science or Pseudoscience? Uses testable ideas
science
Science or Pseudoscience? Relies on objective observations
47 terms
Biology Plants Study Guide
Sepal
Petal
Stamen
Anther
Protects the bud
Attracts the polinators
Male part of the flower
Makes pollen
Sepal
Protects the bud
Petal
Attracts the polinators
101 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 3
Biuret reagent
purple, from blue
Benedict's reagent
red, from blue
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
name of reagent used to test for simple sugars (monosaccharid…
colour change indicating that sugar is present, in the chemic…
Biuret reagent
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
purple, from blue
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
25 terms
Ecology Biology Study Guide
Ecosystem
Abiotic
Autotroph
Decomposer
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment.
Any nonliving part of an environment that affects it the ecos…
An organism that can produce its own nutrients
An organism that breaks down dead material or waste
Ecosystem
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment.
Abiotic
Any nonliving part of an environment that affects it the ecos…
197 terms
IB Biology Study Guide
The cell theory (2.1.1 / 2.1.2)
Function of life (2.1.3)
Cell size (2.1.4 - 2.1.6)
Differential gene expression (2.1.7 /…
1. The cell is the smallest unit of life ... 2. All living thing…
Function of life (2.1.3)... Remember: MRS GREN ... Movement... Reprodu…
• The rate of metabolism (e.g. cell respiration) is a functio…
• Differentiation is the process by which newly-formed cells…
The cell theory (2.1.1 / 2.1.2)
1. The cell is the smallest unit of life ... 2. All living thing…
Function of life (2.1.3)
Function of life (2.1.3)... Remember: MRS GREN ... Movement... Reprodu…
96 terms
Biology EOC Study Guide- 2016
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
major source of energy and includes sugars and starches, made…
Nitrogen-containing compounds made up of chains of amino acids
water-insoluable (fats and oils), made up of carbon, hydrogen…
direct the instruction of proteins, genetic information an or…
Carbohydrates
major source of energy and includes sugars and starches, made…
Proteins
Nitrogen-containing compounds made up of chains of amino acids
31 terms
Biology Ch4 Study Guide
Control center of the cell and contain…
A system of membranes that modifies an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
"Powerhouse of the cell." Double membr…
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
Nuclear Envelope
Mitochondria
Control center of the cell and contain…
Nucleus
A system of membranes that modifies an…
Golgi Apparatus
149 terms
BIOLOGY SOL STUDY GUIDE
Hypothesis
Theory
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
educated guess
an observation, backed up by evidence. Supported by scientifi…
being changed
what's being measured
Hypothesis
educated guess
Theory
an observation, backed up by evidence. Supported by scientifi…
46 terms
Biology 110 Study Guide
Cell
Cell Theory
Preexisting Cells
One or more cells
The Smallest Unit of life that can function indepedently
Explains the prevalence and commonaltiites of Cells
All cells come from what?
All organisms are made of how many cells?
Cell
The Smallest Unit of life that can function indepedently
Cell Theory
Explains the prevalence and commonaltiites of Cells
164 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
Scientific Method
Steps to Scientific Method
Controlled Experimental
Independent Variable
Organized series of ecents that scientists all use to gather…
1. Observe an unexplained phenomenon... 2. Collect information/M…
- Tests one hypothesis... - Only one variable is changed at a ti…
- Factor that is changed in a controlled experiment... - Is the…
Scientific Method
Organized series of ecents that scientists all use to gather…
Steps to Scientific Method
1. Observe an unexplained phenomenon... 2. Collect information/M…
Biology study guide #2
chemical bonds
Valence Shell
Ionic bond
positive charge
The atoms in compounds are held together by
The atoms in compounds are held together by...... and also de…
formed when one or more electrons are... transferred from one at…
An atom that loses electrons
chemical bonds
The atoms in compounds are held together by
Valence Shell
The atoms in compounds are held together by...... and also de…
107 terms
Biology Final Study Guide
Goal of science
Hypothesis
Observation
Controlled
To understand, investigate, and understand nature.
may arise from prior knowledge, logical inferences, or educat…
Scientists make careful ____________ before beginning the ste…
A controlled experiment tests the effects of only 1 variable.…
Goal of science
To understand, investigate, and understand nature.
Hypothesis
may arise from prior knowledge, logical inferences, or educat…
Biology Study Guide : Evolution
Evolution
fossil
adaptation
fitness
The process of change over time
The preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms.
any heritable characteristics that increases an organism's ab…
How well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environ…
Evolution
The process of change over time
fossil
The preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms.
Biology Study Guide: Genetics
allele
recessive
gamete
adenine
Form of a gene. Each characteristic has two alleles.
trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inhe…
sex cell; sperm or egg
A base thats found in DNA. It will only bond with Thymine.
allele
Form of a gene. Each characteristic has two alleles.
recessive
trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inhe…
65 terms
Biology final study guide
Define evolution
Describe the main points of Darwin's t…
Define adaptation as it relates to evo…
Compare the gradualism and punctuated…
gradually changing overtime to become better adapted to condi…
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that are…
a feature that has become common in a population because the…
Gradualism is selection and variation that happens more gradu…
Define evolution
gradually changing overtime to become better adapted to condi…
Describe the main points of Darwin's t…
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that are…
108 terms
Biology Midterm study guide
How should a scientist measure length?
How should a scientist measure mass?
How should a scientist measure volume?
How should a scientist measure PH?
Meters
Grams
Cm^3 or liter
1-14 on PH scale
How should a scientist measure length?
Meters
How should a scientist measure mass?
Grams
Biology Study Guide
designing an experiment
Characteristics of Living Things
Levels of Organization
Cellular Respiration
1. hypothesis... 2. set up a controlled experiment ... 3. record/an…
1. living things are made up of units called cells ... 2. living…
- molecules ... - cells ... - organisms ... - populations of a single…
designing an experiment
1. hypothesis... 2. set up a controlled experiment ... 3. record/an…
Characteristics of Living Things
1. living things are made up of units called cells ... 2. living…
15 terms
biology Guide of the study variety
Cell
Nucleus
Cell wall
Chromatin
Basic unit of all organisms all living things are composed of…
Eukaryotic cells, the central membrane-bound organelle that m…
A fairly rigid structure located outside the plasma membrane…
Long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic Cell nucleus; con…
Cell
Basic unit of all organisms all living things are composed of…
Nucleus
Eukaryotic cells, the central membrane-bound organelle that m…
Biology Chapter 7 Study Guide Study Guide
catabolism
anabolism
exergonic
cellular respiration
involves the breaking down of molecules
involves the building up (synthesis) of molecules
cellular respiration is (endergonic, exergonic)
an exergonic reaction that drives ATP synthesis, an endergoni…
catabolism
involves the breaking down of molecules
anabolism
involves the building up (synthesis) of molecules
Biology Study Guide
Cell Cycle... Interphase
G1, ... S, ... G2
Prophase
Metaphase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
GROWTH 1... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organell…
Nuclear membrane disappears / Chromatin condenses and thicken…
Chromosomes line up along the equator in the middle of the cell
Cell Cycle... Interphase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
G1, ... S, ... G2
GROWTH 1... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organell…
Biology Final Study Guide
Punnet Squares are used to show what?
If a mom has type A blood and a dad ha…
What type of organisms reproduce using…
What type of organisms reproduce using…
Possible offspring genotypes and phenotypes
25%
Prokaryotes/ bacteria
Eukaryotes/ body cells
Punnet Squares are used to show what?
Possible offspring genotypes and phenotypes
If a mom has type A blood and a dad ha…
25%
6 terms
biology study guide #20
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
longest phase
1st step of mitosis
2nd step: chromosomes lines up along the middle of the cell
3rd step: double stranded chromosomes split apart and move to…
interphase
longest phase
prophase
1st step of mitosis
50 terms
Ch.8 Biology Study Guide
active transport
Examples of active transport
Passive transport
examples of passive transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
exocytosis, endocytosis, protein pumps
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion
active transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Examples of active transport
exocytosis, endocytosis, protein pumps
174 terms
BIOLOGY STUDY GUIDE
Daisy Fleabane (Erigeron Strigosus)
Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
Boxelder (Acer negundo)
American Elm (Ulmus ameriana)
1. Native to Iowa... 2. Warm season flower... 3. Grows in bunches... 4…
1. Rough bark... 2. Leaf is spade-shaped ... 3. Leaf stem is flat... 4…
1. Called the weed tree... 2. Compound leaves... 3. 5-7 leaves per…
1. Single leaves... 2. Leaves feel like sandpaper... 3. Alternate l…
Daisy Fleabane (Erigeron Strigosus)
1. Native to Iowa... 2. Warm season flower... 3. Grows in bunches... 4…
Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
1. Rough bark... 2. Leaf is spade-shaped ... 3. Leaf stem is flat... 4…
181 terms
Biology Final Study Guide
Definition of biology
8 characteristics of life
Parts of metabolism
Definition of homeostasis
the study of all living things
1. cellular organization... 2. uses energy... 3. reproduction... 4. sy…
-nutrition... -transport... -respiration... -excretion... -synthesis... -reg…
to maintain internal stability and keep regulation... ex: blinki…
Definition of biology
the study of all living things
8 characteristics of life
1. cellular organization... 2. uses energy... 3. reproduction... 4. sy…
131 terms
Biology Study Guide
Scientific Method
Theory
Criteria for Life
Element
Involves observing and asking questions, making inferences fo…
Applies to a well tested explanation that unifies a broad ran…
Made up of cells based on a universal genetic code, obtain an…
A pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Scientific Method
Involves observing and asking questions, making inferences fo…
Theory
Applies to a well tested explanation that unifies a broad ran…
Biology: Midterm Study Guide
What are 5 characteristics of all livi…
What is the study of all living things?
Genetically similar organisms that pro…
What is a testable explanation of an o…
-Living things are made of cells... -Living things obtain and us…
Biology
Species
Hypothesis
What are 5 characteristics of all livi…
-Living things are made of cells... -Living things obtain and us…
What is the study of all living things?
Biology
87 terms
Biology Final Study Guide
define Biology
What are the main themes covered in bi…
define autotroph
define heterotroph
study of life
energy for life, homeostasis, growth and reproduction, univer…
produces own energy
consumes energy through food
define Biology
study of life
What are the main themes covered in bi…
energy for life, homeostasis, growth and reproduction, univer…
29 terms
Biology Kingdom study guide
fungi
clasification
Carolus Linnaeus developed
phylogeny Classification
used to classified as plant and reproduce using spores
grouping of objects according to the natural relationship
Binomial Nomenclature
species that share a common ancestor, also share a common
fungi
used to classified as plant and reproduce using spores
clasification
grouping of objects according to the natural relationship
Biology 1421 Study Guide
Three Domains of Life
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Characteristics of life
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Lack nucleus... Lack organelles enclosed by membranes
Have Nucleus ... Contain variety of organelles
Organized, Requires energy, Maintains internal consistency, g…
Three Domains of Life
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Prokaryotic
Lack nucleus... Lack organelles enclosed by membranes
104 terms
Biology study guide
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Polar covalent bond
Hydrogen bond
Electrons are shared between two atoms
A bond between two atoms in which one atom loses electrons an…
Chemical bond where electron aren't equally shared
When one water molecule is next to another water molecule the…
Covalent bond
Electrons are shared between two atoms
Ionic bond
A bond between two atoms in which one atom loses electrons an…
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