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Study sets matching "exam study biology guide"

34 terms
Final Biology Study Guide
Adaptation
Extinction
Species
Evolution
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
The disappearance of all members of a species from Earth
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Adaptation
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
Extinction
The disappearance of all members of a species from Earth
18 terms
study guide 4 biology
how the plasma membrane works in contr…
Functions of Membrane proteins... Channel…
Transport
Cell recognition
The plasma membrane's main function is to regulate the concen…
form a tunnel across the entire membrane allowin only one or…
transport protein are also involved in the passage of molecul…
Cell Recognition P.are glycoproteins, they enable our bodies…
how the plasma membrane works in contr…
The plasma membrane's main function is to regulate the concen…
Functions of Membrane proteins... Channel…
form a tunnel across the entire membrane allowin only one or…
19 terms
study guide 3 Biology
know what distinguishes organic molecu…
know the 4 categories of biological-or…
know the difference between dehydratio…
Hydrolysis
Organic molecules contain carbon and hydrogen.make up portion…
1-carbohydrates-sugar and starches... 2-lipids- oils... 3-proteins-…
Dehydration: remove water, joins monomers to form polymers an…
Breaks polymers apart, water is used to break the bond.... an —O…
know what distinguishes organic molecu…
Organic molecules contain carbon and hydrogen.make up portion…
know the 4 categories of biological-or…
1-carbohydrates-sugar and starches... 2-lipids- oils... 3-proteins-…
56 terms
Biology study guide
endergonic reaction
endergonic reaction causes
Photosynthesis Equation
Autotrophs
stores energy
carbon dioxide, light and water to produce macromolecules and…
produce their own food.
endergonic reaction
stores energy
endergonic reaction causes
carbon dioxide, light and water to produce macromolecules and…
20 terms
Study guide 1 Biology
Life is organized know the order from…
cell
population
ecosystem
1. atom ... 2.molecules... 3.cell... 4.tissue... 5.organ... 6.organ system... 7…
the smallest, most basic unit of life. (Although a cell is al…
All the members of a species with in a particular are (organi…
Most encompassing level of organization, communities interact…
Life is organized know the order from…
1. atom ... 2.molecules... 3.cell... 4.tissue... 5.organ... 6.organ system... 7…
cell
the smallest, most basic unit of life. (Although a cell is al…
34 terms
study guide 2 Biology
know subatomic particles and their cha…
Atomic mass
atomic number
atomic symbol
electron: subatomic element that has negative charge and is... f…
the average sum of protons and neutrons ... NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM
All atoms of an element have the same number of protons. also…
Unique name of an atom or element
know subatomic particles and their cha…
electron: subatomic element that has negative charge and is... f…
Atomic mass
the average sum of protons and neutrons ... NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM
145 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
Characteristics of Living Organisms
Cells
Reproduction
Metabolism
Cellular organization, Reproduction, Metabolism, Homeostasis,…
Highly organized, tiny structures, with a thin covering calle…
The process by which organisms make more of their own kind fr…
The sum of all of the chemical reactions carried out in an or…
Characteristics of Living Organisms
Cellular organization, Reproduction, Metabolism, Homeostasis,…
Cells
Highly organized, tiny structures, with a thin covering calle…
154 terms
Study Guide- Field Biology
Yew
American Robin
White Cedar
Willow
Shrub
Orange stomach with brownish top
Fan-like branches and has scaly leaves.
Leaves are droopy
Yew
Shrub
American Robin
Orange stomach with brownish top
14 terms
Biology Study Guide
metabolism
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
adenosine triphosphate
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
...
...
...
metabolism
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
photosynthesis
...
43 terms
Biology Study Guide
DNA
RNA
Double Helix
Chromosome
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
Double helix is the description of the structure of a DNA mol…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
DNA
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
RNA
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
15 terms
Biology study guide #2
chemical bonds
Valence Shell
Ionic bond
positive charge
The atoms in compounds are held together by
The atoms in compounds are held together by...... and also de…
formed when one or more electrons are... transferred from one at…
An atom that loses electrons
chemical bonds
The atoms in compounds are held together by
Valence Shell
The atoms in compounds are held together by...... and also de…
101 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 3
Biuret reagent
purple, from blue
Benedict's reagent
red, from blue
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
name of reagent used to test for simple sugars (monosaccharid…
colour change indicating that sugar is present, in the chemic…
Biuret reagent
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
purple, from blue
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
24 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
The organelle that contains the DNA an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
In this solution a cell will swell to…
The ______________ helps to control th…
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Hypertonic solution
Lipid head
The organelle that contains the DNA an…
Nucleus
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
Nucleolus
24 terms
Biology Study Guide
Somatic Cell
Differentiation
Haploid
Diploid
Body cell.
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
Somatic Cell
Body cell.
Differentiation
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
31 terms
Biology Ch4 Study Guide
Control center of the cell and contain…
A system of membranes that modifies an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
"Powerhouse of the cell." Double membr…
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
Nuclear Envelope
Mitochondria
Control center of the cell and contain…
Nucleus
A system of membranes that modifies an…
Golgi Apparatus
47 terms
Biology Plants Study Guide
Sepal
Petal
Stamen
Anther
Protects the bud
Attracts the polinators
Male part of the flower
Makes pollen
Sepal
Protects the bud
Petal
Attracts the polinators
103 terms
biology exam study guide
the cell theory
organelles
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
structures with specialized uses that are contained inside nu…
cells that dont have a nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
cells that have a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
the cell theory
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
organelles
structures with specialized uses that are contained inside nu…
149 terms
BIOLOGY SOL STUDY GUIDE
Hypothesis
Theory
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
educated guess
an observation, backed up by evidence. Supported by scientifi…
being changed
what's being measured
Hypothesis
educated guess
Theory
an observation, backed up by evidence. Supported by scientifi…
25 terms
Ecology Biology Study Guide
Ecosystem
Abiotic
Autotroph
Decomposer
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment.
Any nonliving part of an environment that affects it the ecos…
An organism that can produce its own nutrients
An organism that breaks down dead material or waste
Ecosystem
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment.
Abiotic
Any nonliving part of an environment that affects it the ecos…
10 terms
Biology Study Guide : Evolution
Evolution
fossil
adaptation
fitness
The process of change over time
The preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms.
any heritable characteristics that increases an organism's ab…
How well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environ…
Evolution
The process of change over time
fossil
The preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms.
38 terms
Biology Study Guide: Genetics
allele
recessive
gamete
adenine
Form of a gene. Each characteristic has two alleles.
trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inhe…
sex cell; sperm or egg
A base thats found in DNA. It will only bond with Thymine.
allele
Form of a gene. Each characteristic has two alleles.
recessive
trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inhe…
74 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
incomplete dominance
example of incomplete dominance
genotype
homozygous
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
red x white = pink
genetic makeup... TT, Tt, tt
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
incomplete dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
51 terms
Biology Finals Study Guide
What needs to be included in a "correc…
What is independent Variable?
What is Dependent Variable?
What is quantitave observation? Give a…
If...Then...Because
A variable often denoted by x whose variation does not depend…
A variable often denoted by y whose variation does depend on…
How many of something?
What needs to be included in a "correc…
If...Then...Because
What is independent Variable?
A variable often denoted by x whose variation does not depend…
50 terms
Ch.8 Biology Study Guide
active transport
Examples of active transport
Passive transport
examples of passive transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
exocytosis, endocytosis, protein pumps
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion
active transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Examples of active transport
exocytosis, endocytosis, protein pumps
108 terms
Biology Midterm study guide
How should a scientist measure length?
How should a scientist measure mass?
How should a scientist measure volume?
How should a scientist measure PH?
Meters
Grams
Cm^3 or liter
1-14 on PH scale
How should a scientist measure length?
Meters
How should a scientist measure mass?
Grams
65 terms
Biology final study guide
Define evolution
Describe the main points of Darwin's t…
Define adaptation as it relates to evo…
Compare the gradualism and punctuated…
gradually changing overtime to become better adapted to condi…
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that are…
a feature that has become common in a population because the…
Gradualism is selection and variation that happens more gradu…
Define evolution
gradually changing overtime to become better adapted to condi…
Describe the main points of Darwin's t…
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that are…
25 terms
Biology Study Guide
Cell Cycle... Interphase
G1, ... S, ... G2
Prophase
Metaphase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
GROWTH 1... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organell…
Nuclear membrane disappears / Chromatin condenses and thicken…
Chromosomes line up along the equator in the middle of the cell
Cell Cycle... Interphase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
G1, ... S, ... G2
GROWTH 1... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organell…
104 terms
Biology study guide
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Polar covalent bond
Hydrogen bond
Electrons are shared between two atoms
A bond between two atoms in which one atom loses electrons an…
Chemical bond where electron aren't equally shared
When one water molecule is next to another water molecule the…
Covalent bond
Electrons are shared between two atoms
Ionic bond
A bond between two atoms in which one atom loses electrons an…
221 terms
Biology study Guide
Cardiac Muscle
connective tissue
Cartilage
cranial cavity
Involuntary muscle. Self initiating. Striated. Branched.
Binds, supports, protects. Most common tissue. ... 1)widely scat…
Connective tissue. Elastic: ears, epiglottis. Hyaline: 50/50.…
houses the brain
Cardiac Muscle
Involuntary muscle. Self initiating. Striated. Branched.
connective tissue
Binds, supports, protects. Most common tissue. ... 1)widely scat…
58 terms
Biology Unit Study Guide
Cell
Prokaryotic
Organelle
Eukaryotic cell
Basic unit of life
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Prokaryotic
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
42 terms
Biology Unit Study Guide
Heredity
Studied Pea Plants
Genotype
Phenotype
passing of traits from parent to offsprings
How did Mendel start his experiments?
genetic makeup of an organism
Physical appearance of an organism;... determined by genotype
Heredity
passing of traits from parent to offsprings
Studied Pea Plants
How did Mendel start his experiments?
170 terms
Biology study guide
Ecology
population
species
community
interactions among organism that live together in an environm…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
a group of similar organism that can breed and produce fertil…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Ecology
interactions among organism that live together in an environm…
population
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
96 terms
Biology EOC Study Guide- 2016
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
major source of energy and includes sugars and starches, made…
Nitrogen-containing compounds made up of chains of amino acids
water-insoluable (fats and oils), made up of carbon, hydrogen…
direct the instruction of proteins, genetic information an or…
Carbohydrates
major source of energy and includes sugars and starches, made…
Proteins
Nitrogen-containing compounds made up of chains of amino acids
308 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Chromosomes in Humans
Diploid
contain genetic material
When Eukaryotic cells are not dividing, DNA and proteins are…
46 (Somatic/Autosomal cells)
noted as 2n, has 46 chromosomes
Chromosomes
contain genetic material
Chromatin
When Eukaryotic cells are not dividing, DNA and proteins are…
18 terms
Biology Study Guide
Scientific Method
Difference between Observation and Inf…
Quantitative and Qualitative
The Seven Characteristics of Life
1.Observation ... 2.Question... 3.Research... 4.Hypothesis... 5.Design ex…
Observation: Using the 5 senses, Quantitative, and Qualitativ…
Quantitative: expressed in numbers, counted or measured ... Qual…
1.Cells... 2.Reproduction= EX: Asexual and Sexual... 3.Grow and Dev…
Scientific Method
1.Observation ... 2.Question... 3.Research... 4.Hypothesis... 5.Design ex…
Difference between Observation and Inf…
Observation: Using the 5 senses, Quantitative, and Qualitativ…
91 terms
Biology Study guide
Protein makers
network of proteins to give cell shape…
control center: stores and proteins DNA
ribosome synthesis
Ribosomes
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Nucleous
Protein makers
Ribosomes
network of proteins to give cell shape…
Cytoskeleton
22 terms
Biology Lab Study Guide
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Interphase
Prophase
26 terms
Biology Study Guide
Endocytosis
Proteins
Enzyme
Lipid
the action of the cell membrane surrounding outside materials…
a polymer composed of amino acids and monomers
a specialized protein that catalyzes biological reactions
a molecule that is insoluble in water; includes fats, phospho…
Endocytosis
the action of the cell membrane surrounding outside materials…
Proteins
a polymer composed of amino acids and monomers
62 terms
Biology Study Guide
Concentric Lamellae
Lacunae
Central canal
Bone matrix
layers of calcified matrix
"residences" of osteocytes
longitudinal canal, carrying blood vessels and nerves
Nonliving, structural part of bone
Concentric Lamellae
layers of calcified matrix
Lacunae
"residences" of osteocytes
Biology: Midterm Study Guide
What are 5 characteristics of all livi…
What is the study of all living things?
Genetically similar organisms that pro…
What is a testable explanation of an o…
-Living things are made of cells... -Living things obtain and us…
Biology
Species
Hypothesis
What are 5 characteristics of all livi…
-Living things are made of cells... -Living things obtain and us…
What is the study of all living things?
Biology
21 terms
Biology StudyGuide 1-3
What is the unifying principle in biol…
Hutton and Lyell
Darwin and Wallace
Buffon
Evolution
Uniformitarianism and gradualism
Natural Selection: Variation, Inheritance, High rate of popul…
Natural Processes Induce Change
What is the unifying principle in biol…
Evolution
Hutton and Lyell
Uniformitarianism and gradualism
61 terms
biology study guide
hydrogen bond
hydrogen bonding in water
covalent bond
polar
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
each molecule of water can form multiple hydrogen bonds with…
strong bond formed by sharing electrons ... as result it stores…
molecule with slightly negative charge at one side and slight…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
hydrogen bonding in water
each molecule of water can form multiple hydrogen bonds with…
17 terms
Biology Terms/ Study Guide
Inference
Controlled Experiment
Independent Variable
Science
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
Experiment in which only one variable is changed.
Factor in a controlled experiment that is deliberately change…
Organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
Inference
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
Controlled Experiment
Experiment in which only one variable is changed.
21 terms
Biology study Guide Terms
Science is
Science is not
Control
Variable
Observable, Measure, Modifiable( to change), Predictable (to…
Rigid, Based on faith, Based on belief, Based on authority, A…
The part of the experiment for which the outcome is already k…
Any factor that changes in the experiment.
Science is
Observable, Measure, Modifiable( to change), Predictable (to…
Science is not
Rigid, Based on faith, Based on belief, Based on authority, A…
79 terms
Biology Final Study Guide
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
different populations that live together in a defined area
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
11 terms
Biology Quest Study Guide
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Uses of Recombinant DNA
PCR
Crossing individuals with similar (related) characteristics
Cross between dissimilar individuals (no relation) Increases…
Human Growth Hormone (Produces growth hormone) Blood Factor E…
Amplifies and makes copies of a piece of DNA
Inbreeding
Crossing individuals with similar (related) characteristics
Hybridization
Cross between dissimilar individuals (no relation) Increases…
52 terms
biology study guide
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nuclear envelope
thin flexible barrier around the cell' allows what goes into…
the fluid substance that fills all cells types
stores the DNA
allowing materials to move in and out of the nucleus
cell membrane
thin flexible barrier around the cell' allows what goes into…
cytoplasm
the fluid substance that fills all cells types
83 terms
Biology Study Guide
Cells
Cells came from pre-existing cells
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Basic Unit of Life
Origin of living cells
Unicellular organism that lacks membrane-bound nucleus and ot…
Organisms whose cells contain a membrane-bound nucleus and ot…
Cells
Basic Unit of Life
Cells came from pre-existing cells
Origin of living cells
97 terms
Biology Study Guide
evolution
theory
natural selection
variation
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
well-tested explanation that accounts for a lot of observatio…
process by which organisms that are most suited to their envi…
varieties of organisms, species and genes adapting to a new h…
evolution
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
theory
well-tested explanation that accounts for a lot of observatio…
84 terms
Biology Study Guide
What is the scientific method?
Observations vs. Inferences
What are the manipulated and respondin…
8 Characteristics of life:
Organized/ordered process to solve problems, answer questions
Observation: "facts" what we believe to be true... Inferences: "…
Manipulated (independent):variable that is changed (cause)... Re…
1. DNA... 2. Cells... 3. Reproduce... 4. Grow and Develop... 5. Homeostas…
What is the scientific method?
Organized/ordered process to solve problems, answer questions
Observations vs. Inferences
Observation: "facts" what we believe to be true... Inferences: "…
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