Study sets matching "exam study chapter 4 medical terminology"

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Study sets matching "exam study chapter 4 medical terminology"

Medical Terminology Chapter 4 - study set 2
joint
ligaments
bones
osteoblasts
where two bones meet
hold together joints
aka osseous tissue
immature bone cells
joint
where two bones meet
ligaments
hold together joints
148 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Ligament
Tendons
Abduction
Adduction
-very strong bands of connective tissue that bind bones toget…
-the strong connective tissue cords that attach skeletal musc…
directional term meaning to move away from the median or midd…
movement towards the body
Ligament
-very strong bands of connective tissue that bind bones toget…
Tendons
-the strong connective tissue cords that attach skeletal musc…
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
101 terms
chapter 4, medical terminology
homeostasis
disease
pathological
signs
stable environment that provides a narrow range of temperatur…
the condition when homeostatis is disrupted, cells, tissues,…
involving, caused by, or of the nature of a physical or menta…
objective indicators that are observable
homeostasis
stable environment that provides a narrow range of temperatur…
disease
the condition when homeostatis is disrupted, cells, tissues,…
67 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
carp/o
cost/o
cutane/o
dactyl/o
wrist bones
rib
skin
fingers, toes
carp/o
wrist bones
cost/o
rib
160 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
muscle fibers
fascia
myofascial
tendon
long, slender cells that make up muscles
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
pertaining to muscle tissue and fascia
Connects muscle to bone
muscle fibers
long, slender cells that make up muscles
fascia
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
112 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Upper respiratory tract
Lower respiratory tract
andenoid/o (root)
laryng/o (root)
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea
left and right bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, lungs
adenoids
larynx (voice box)
Upper respiratory tract
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea
Lower respiratory tract
left and right bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, lungs
115 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
a,an
ab
ad
ana
without
away from
toward
up, apart
a,an
without
ab
away from
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
benign
contra-
odont-
-esthesia
mild, not cancerous
against, counter
tooth
sensation, feeling
benign
mild, not cancerous
contra-
against, counter
60 terms
Medical terminology chapter 4
abduction
adduction
adhesion
ataxia
the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body.
the movement of a limb toward the midline of the body.
a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnor…
the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement
abduction
the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body.
adduction
the movement of a limb toward the midline of the body.
chapter 4 medical terminology
abdomain
aden
aer
alveol
abdomer
gland
air, oxygen:gas
aveolus
abdomain
abdomer
aden
gland
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Abdominocentesis
Abduct
Abduction
Aberrant
surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid.
move away from the midline (verb)
movement away from the midline, e.g., arm abducted from side.
wandering from normal location, process, or behavior
Abdominocentesis
surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid.
Abduct
move away from the midline (verb)
32 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Dx
Px
Acute
Chronic
Diagnosis/Identification of disease
Prognosis/Outcome of disease
Lasting a short period of time
Lasting a long period of time
Dx
Diagnosis/Identification of disease
Px
Prognosis/Outcome of disease
13 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
ech/o, son/o
electr/o
fluor/o
radi/o
sound
electricity
emitting or reflecting light
radiant energy (sometimes, a bone of the forearm)
ech/o, son/o
sound
electr/o
electricity
219 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
chromatin
chromosome
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
diaphragm
structural component of the nucleus, composed of nucleic acid
threadlike structures within the nucleus composed by deoxyrib…
molecule that holds genetic information of replicating and pr…
muscular wall that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdom…
chromatin
structural component of the nucleus, composed of nucleic acid
chromosome
threadlike structures within the nucleus composed by deoxyrib…
23 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 4
aperture
cavity
constriction
dilation
opening
hollow place
make something narrow
make widened
aperture
opening
cavity
hollow place
20 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
abductor
adductor
anteflexion
anoxia
one who away from the lead; leads away from the body
one who toward to lead; leads toward the body
process of forward bending
condition of no oxygen
abductor
one who away from the lead; leads away from the body
adductor
one who toward to lead; leads toward the body
16 terms
Medical Terminology- Study Guide- Chapter 4
CXR
FAS
Fx
L3
Chest x-ray
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
fracture
lumbar vertebra 3
CXR
Chest x-ray
FAS
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
215 terms
medical terminology chapter 4
musculoskeletal system
muscle fibers
fascia (plural, fasciae or fascias)
myofascial
the muscular and skeletal system combined
the long, slender cells that make up muscles. they are connec…
a band of connective tissue that envelops, separates, or bind…
means pertaining to muscle tissue and fascia
musculoskeletal system
the muscular and skeletal system combined
muscle fibers
the long, slender cells that make up muscles. they are connec…
10 terms
Medical Terminology chapter 4
coccyx
cartilage
scoliosis
osteomyelitis
tailbone
connective tissue
condition
inflammation
coccyx
tailbone
cartilage
connective tissue
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
kinesi/o
-cele
fibr/o
fasci/o
movement, motion
hernia, swelling
fibrous connective tissue
fascia
kinesi/o
movement, motion
-cele
hernia, swelling
16 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 4
cardiopuliminary
respiratory system
nasal cavity
respiratory
pertaining to the heart and lungs... cardi/o - heart... pulmun/o lu…
Body system that bring oxygen into the body and expels carbon…
hollow area inside the nose
re- again and again... spir/o- breathe... -atory pertaining to
cardiopuliminary
pertaining to the heart and lungs... cardi/o - heart... pulmun/o lu…
respiratory system
Body system that bring oxygen into the body and expels carbon…
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
The outer covering of the cell which h…
The 3 most common parts of the cell are
3 functions of the cell's nucleus
an unspecialized cell that can turn it…
cell membrane
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
1. metabolism... 2. growth... 3. reproduction
embryonic cell
The outer covering of the cell which h…
cell membrane
The 3 most common parts of the cell are
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Pulmonary
respiration
thoracic
vascular
pertaining to the lungs or respiratory system
molecular exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the bo…
pertaining to the thorax or thoracic cage (bony enclosure for…
pertaining to blood vessels
Pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs or respiratory system
respiration
molecular exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the bo…
47 terms
Medical terminology Chapter 4
anastomosis
caud/o
cauterize
cervic/o
Formation of an opening between two hollow vessels
Tail
Process of burning tissue by thermal heat, electricity, laser…
neck, cervix
anastomosis
Formation of an opening between two hollow vessels
caud/o
Tail
197 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
muscle fibers
fascia
myofascial
myo/ muscul
long, slender cells that make up muscles
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
pertaining to muscle tissue and fascia
muscle
muscle fibers
long, slender cells that make up muscles
fascia
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
99 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 4
Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter.
Cell's outer covering. Semipermeable barrier that allows cert…
Enclosed within the cell Membrane.
Molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid (A.K.A. DNA) controls func…
Cell
Smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter.
Cell Membrane
Cell's outer covering. Semipermeable barrier that allows cert…
100 terms
Medical terminology Chapter 4
Carp/o
Cis/o
Cib/o
Cost/o
wrist bones
to cut
meals
rib
Carp/o
wrist bones
Cis/o
to cut
87 terms
Medical Terminology chapter 4
closed reduction
open reduction
complicated break
comminuted
surgery where bone is broken but is not coming through skin
surgery where a bone has been broken and is breaking through…
an extensive soft tissue injury such as a broken rib piercing…
bone is crushed in several place
closed reduction
surgery where bone is broken but is not coming through skin
open reduction
surgery where a bone has been broken and is breaking through…
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
lobo
emesis
contra
iasis
section
vomiting
against
condition
lobo
section
emesis
vomiting
105 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
derm
cutane
cyte
dermato
skin
skin
cell
skin
derm
skin
cutane
skin
128 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
muscular system functions
structures of muscular system
myofascial
types of muscle
hold body erect, generates body heat, move food through diges…
muscle fibers, fascia, and tendons
pertaining to muscle tissue and fascia
skeletal, smooth, and myocardial
muscular system functions
hold body erect, generates body heat, move food through diges…
structures of muscular system
muscle fibers, fascia, and tendons
23 terms
Study Guide Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
Describe muscle tissue in general
Spasm
Cramp
Muscle tissue
- made up of fibers, are covered with fascia, and are attache…
Sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles
Localized muscle spasm named for its cause
Function... - hold the body erect and make movement possible... Str…
Describe muscle tissue in general
- made up of fibers, are covered with fascia, and are attache…
Spasm
Sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles
244 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 4
angi/o
arter/i/o
blast/o
colp/o
vessel
artery
embryo
vagina
angi/o
vessel
arter/i/o
artery
148 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
Medical terminology chapter 4
Kinesi/o
Hernia
Fibrous connective tissue
Fascia
Movement, motion
-cele
Fibr/o
Fasci/o
Kinesi/o
Movement, motion
Hernia
-cele
107 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Integumentary system includes:
albin/o
cirrh/o
jaund/o
skin, hair, nails, oil (sebaceous) glands, sweat (sudoriferou…
white
yellow
yellow
Integumentary system includes:
skin, hair, nails, oil (sebaceous) glands, sweat (sudoriferou…
albin/o
white
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
cervical
thoracic
lumbar and sacral
brachio
neck section
chest/upper back section
lower back
upper arm
cervical
neck section
thoracic
chest/upper back section
63 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
abdomen/o
anter/o
brachi/o
cardi/o
abdomen
front
arm
heart
abdomen/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
218 terms
chapter 4 medical terminology
carp/o
cib/o
cis/o
cost/o
wrist bones
meals
to cut
rib
carp/o
wrist bones
cib/o
meals
91 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4: Study Guide
The study of the cause of disease
The combining form PROXIM/O means
CT scans usually produce shaper images…
Contrast media are substances that fac…
Etiology
near, nearest
True
True
The study of the cause of disease
Etiology
The combining form PROXIM/O means
near, nearest
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
combining vowel
word root
combining form
prefix
placed to connect two word roots.
a word or element from which other words are formed
when a word root has a vowel attached to it in order to add a…
a word element that is placed before, or is affixed to the be…
combining vowel
placed to connect two word roots.
word root
a word or element from which other words are formed
Chapter 4; Medical Terminology
anatomy
combining form
combining vowel
physiology
body structure; study of the structure of an organism
word root that has a vowel attached to it in order to add ano…
vowel, usually "o", added to a word root before combining
functions and processes of the body; the study of the functio…
anatomy
body structure; study of the structure of an organism
combining form
word root that has a vowel attached to it in order to add ano…
92 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
apnea
anoxia
abnormal
abductor
not breathing
without oxygen (decrease in tissue)
pertaining to away from the norm (rule); not regluar
one who (muscle which) leads toward the body.
apnea
not breathing
anoxia
without oxygen (decrease in tissue)
148 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Integumentary system
Skin Structure
a-
an-
Contains the largest organ in the body, the skin. ... Contain sm…
without, absence of (if word part begins with consonant)
without, absence of ( if word part begins with vowel)
Integumentary system
Contains the largest organ in the body, the skin. ... Contain sm…
Skin Structure
148 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
Medical terminology chapter 4
Epidermis
Dermis
Subcutaneous layer
Hair shaft
Epidermis
Dermis
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