Study sets matching "exam study guide earth science earth's"

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Study sets matching "exam study guide earth science earth's"

8 terms
Earth Science: Earth's Layers Study Guide
Crust
Mantle
Outer core
Inner Core
Top layer of the Earth
The part of Earth located below the Crust
The first layer of the core
Layer below the Outer core
Crust
Top layer of the Earth
Mantle
The part of Earth located below the Crust
17 terms
Peyton's science Study Guide #1 Earth's water
How much of earths surface is water?
What is the percentage of all water th…
Percent of all water is freshwater?
Salt water covers ____ amount of all w…
Three fourths (3/4)
2%
1%
97%
How much of earths surface is water?
Three fourths (3/4)
What is the percentage of all water th…
2%
36 terms
Earth Science Sculpting Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Frost wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
110 terms
Ryan's earth science EOC study guide
Big Bang theory
Blue shift
Doppler effect
Electromagnetic force
A theory to explain the origin of the universe.
Shift toward shorter wave lengths.
The apparent change of wave length occurring when an object i…
The fundamental force associated with electric and magnetic f…
Big Bang theory
A theory to explain the origin of the universe.
Blue shift
Shift toward shorter wave lengths.
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
Renewable resource
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
Ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
Renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
Nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
Earth Science Study Guide
Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, Bi…
Water bottle sweats, when it rains, wa…
Can I identify Earth's 4 systems?
Can I come up with examples of Earth's water cycle
Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, Bi…
Can I identify Earth's 4 systems?
Water bottle sweats, when it rains, wa…
Can I come up with examples of Earth's water cycle
88 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Troposphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
The gaseous envelope of air surrounding Earth, made up of a m…
The lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere characterized by decre…
Lithosphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
Hydrosphere
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
34 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
heliocentric
geocentric
Kepler & celestial objects
ellipse
sun centered
earth centered
objects orbit in elipses
a path that resembles an oval, has 2 foci
heliocentric
sun centered
geocentric
earth centered
11 terms
Science: Earth's Spheres
sphere
atmo
bio
geo
an entity's physical or non-physical manifestation is spheric…
a combining form meaning "air," used as a prefix in the forma…
a combining form meaning "life", used as a prefix in the form…
a combining form meaning "Earth", used as a prefix in the for…
sphere
an entity's physical or non-physical manifestation is spheric…
atmo
a combining form meaning "air," used as a prefix in the forma…
earth science study guide
what are evidence of earth's spherical…
if the north star progressively gets h…
what is earth's shape caused by
what shape is the earth
earth's shadow on moon during eclipse, north star position at…
north
rotation
slightly flat at poles and bulging at equator
what are evidence of earth's spherical…
earth's shadow on moon during eclipse, north star position at…
if the north star progressively gets h…
north
51 terms
Science Earth's Water Test Study Guide
Currents
Surface Currents
Coriolis Affect
Gulf Stream
large stream of moving water that flows through water
currents that run from the surface down to depths of 100 mete…
wind directions flow in a circular pattern, right in the nort…
largest and most powerful surface current in the northern hem…
Currents
large stream of moving water that flows through water
Surface Currents
currents that run from the surface down to depths of 100 mete…
13 terms
Earth Science - The Earth's Interior
epicenter
seismic waves
uplifted
displaced,
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earth…
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
land has been raised to a new position
Forced out of a place ( erosion displaces soil)
epicenter
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earth…
seismic waves
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
5 terms
Earth Science Earth's Surface
Mineral
silicate
crystallization
magma
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
2. a process when minerals form which molecules and/or ions c…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface... A molten mixture of r…
Mineral
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
silicate
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
Earth Science Chapter 15 Earth's Oceans
Oceanography
SONAR
Submersibles
Salinity
The exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phe…
An acronym for sound navigation and ranging. It is also refer…
Small underwater craft
The total amount of solid material dissolved in water
Oceanography
The exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phe…
SONAR
An acronym for sound navigation and ranging. It is also refer…
133 terms
Earth Science Final Study Guide S1
Compare the areas of study within Eart…
Astronomy
Meteorology
Geology
~ Astronomy is the study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere…
the study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere
the study of the forces and processes that cause the atmosphe…
the study of the materials that make up the earth, the proces…
Compare the areas of study within Eart…
~ Astronomy is the study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere…
Astronomy
the study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere
12 terms
Earth Science Set 8 (Earth's History)
relative dating
superposition
unconformity
geologic column
Any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
A principle that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
A break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
An ordered arrangement of rock layers that is based on the re…
relative dating
Any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
superposition
A principle that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
43 terms
Earth Science Final Exam Study Guide
Air Pressure
Warm Front
Cold Front
Jet Stream
The measure of how much air is pressing on the earth.
Warm fronts generally move from the west to the east and the…
A cold front is defined as the transition zone where a cold a…
Jet streams are fast flowing, narrow air currents found in th…
Air Pressure
The measure of how much air is pressing on the earth.
Warm Front
Warm fronts generally move from the west to the east and the…
25 terms
Earth's Spheres Study Guide, 6th grade Science
hydrosphere
lithosphere
atmosphere
interaction
All water on Earth; no matter where it is located (H2O, water)
The solid part of the Earth; it is made up of the crust and t…
The thin layer of gases that surround our planet.
An action that occurs between two or more objects can causes…
hydrosphere
All water on Earth; no matter where it is located (H2O, water)
lithosphere
The solid part of the Earth; it is made up of the crust and t…
The Study of Earth's Science
Earth Science
System
Energy
Forces
body of knowledge about Earth and its place in the universe
group of parts that work together as a whole
the ability to do work OR cause change
have changed Earth's surface throughout history
Earth Science
body of knowledge about Earth and its place in the universe
System
group of parts that work together as a whole
Earth Science-Earth's motion
AZIMUTH
SUN'S VERTICAL RAY
EQUATOR
NORTH POLE
the angular measurement around the earth's surface; starting…
occurs when the sun is directly overhead (at the zenith); NEV…
0 degrees latitude
90 degrees North
AZIMUTH
the angular measurement around the earth's surface; starting…
SUN'S VERTICAL RAY
occurs when the sun is directly overhead (at the zenith); NEV…
Earth Science Exam Study Guide
emphysema
withdrawal
pain
circulation
lung disease caused by smoking
physical and psychological symptoms
sad, no energy
rate of blood flow in through the body
emphysema
lung disease caused by smoking
withdrawal
physical and psychological symptoms
25 terms
Earth Science Study Guide S1
Big Bang Theory
Creationism
Continental Drift Theory
Convection Currents
The theory that the earth was made in 1 second and is still p…
God created the world in 7 days
States that the continents were all 1 continent ( Pangea) and…
States that fluids are constantly moving in the mantle causin…
Big Bang Theory
The theory that the earth was made in 1 second and is still p…
Creationism
God created the world in 7 days
26 terms
Earth Science Study Guide :)
Spectroscope
Wavelength
Red Shift
Blue Shift
An apparatus for producing and recording spectra for examinat…
The distance between crests of a wave
Moves away from earth, on the left side of the spectrum (long…
Moving to earth, right side of the spectrum (shorter waveleng…
Spectroscope
An apparatus for producing and recording spectra for examinat…
Wavelength
The distance between crests of a wave
35 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Equator
Minerals
Luster
Streak
Imaginary line that circles Earth halfway between the North a…
Naturally occurring inorganic solid with a distinct chemical…
Property of a mineral that describes quality or appearance of…
Property of mineral that describes its color in powdered form
Equator
Imaginary line that circles Earth halfway between the North a…
Minerals
Naturally occurring inorganic solid with a distinct chemical…
125 terms
Final exam earth science study guide
Atmosphere
Biosphere
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Layer of gases surrounding planets or other materials
Layer that includes all living things on Earth
Layer that includes all rock, soil, and solid earth that is f…
Layer that includes all water found on Earth
Atmosphere
Layer of gases surrounding planets or other materials
Biosphere
Layer that includes all living things on Earth
47 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Geologist
What are the two main types of evidenc…
Direct evidence... (from rock samples)
Indirect evidence ... (from seismic waves)
A scientist who studies Earth's interior.
Direct evidence and Indirect evidence
Rocks drilled from deep inside Earth are used by geologists t…
Seismic waves produced by earthquakes allow geologists to mea…
Geologist
A scientist who studies Earth's interior.
What are the two main types of evidenc…
Direct evidence and Indirect evidence
99 terms
science Earth's Changing Surface study guide
weathering
erosion
wear down the material on Earth's crust
mechanical weathering
process that breaks down rock and other substances of Earth's…
removal of soil, rock particles, or dissolved material by win…
Together, weathering and erosion work together to do what?
rock is physically broken down into smaller pieces
weathering
process that breaks down rock and other substances of Earth's…
erosion
removal of soil, rock particles, or dissolved material by win…
30 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
crust
mantle
inner core
outer core
The outer layer of the Earth's surface
The middle layer of the Earth's surface.
Solid center of Earth
Layer of the Earth between the mantle and the inner core.
crust
The outer layer of the Earth's surface
mantle
The middle layer of the Earth's surface.
Earth Science 4.1 Earth's Interior
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Mantle
Waves produced by earthquakes
Force pressing on a certain area
The layer of rock that forms earth's outer skin
A layer of hot rock beneath the crust
Seismic Waves
Waves produced by earthquakes
Pressure
Force pressing on a certain area
32 terms
HONORS Earth Science-- Earth's Interior and Plate Tectonics Study Guide
Mid-ocean ridge
Rift valley
Trench
Subduction
Chain of underwater mountains that run throughout the ocean b…
Long, narrow depression that forms when continental crust beg…
A long narrow ditch.
Process by which one tectonic plate slips beneath another tec…
Mid-ocean ridge
Chain of underwater mountains that run throughout the ocean b…
Rift valley
Long, narrow depression that forms when continental crust beg…
11 terms
Earth's Structure Study Guide (Science)
What are the 4 layers of Earth?
Which layer(s) of the Earth are molten…
Which layer(s) of the Earth are solid?…
Why is the crust layer considered crac…
Crust, Mantle, Outer Core, and Core
The Mantle and the Outer Core are molten because heat from th…
The Crust and Core are solid because the Crust doesn't have e…
It isn't one piece but many tectonic plates
What are the 4 layers of Earth?
Crust, Mantle, Outer Core, and Core
Which layer(s) of the Earth are molten…
The Mantle and the Outer Core are molten because heat from th…
27 terms
Earth's Atmosphere - Earth Science Unit
Argon
Aurora Borealis
Atmosphere
Atmospheric Pressure
Permanent gas in the atmosphere - makes up 0.9%
Brillant displays of colors in the night sky caused by partic…
Thin layers of gases that surrounds the planet and makes cond…
The force exerted by the gases pushing on an area or surface.
Argon
Permanent gas in the atmosphere - makes up 0.9%
Aurora Borealis
Brillant displays of colors in the night sky caused by partic…
Science study guide -Clues to earth's past
petrified fossils
preserved remains
Carbon Flim
mold
In geology, petrifaction or petrification is the process by w…
The definition of a fossil is the preserved remains of a preh…
A carbonaceous film or carbon film is an organism outline of…
a hollow container used to give shape to molten or hot liquid…
petrified fossils
In geology, petrifaction or petrification is the process by w…
preserved remains
The definition of a fossil is the preserved remains of a preh…
41 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Layers of the earth and compostiion
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Magma
Core-pure steel... Outer core-liquid... Mantle-silly putty... Crust-mt…
Rigid layer of crust and upper mantle ... Broken up into seperat…
Putty-like where tectonic plates move
Rises and is less dense than solid rock around it... Hot fluid b…
Layers of the earth and compostiion
Core-pure steel... Outer core-liquid... Mantle-silly putty... Crust-mt…
Lithosphere
Rigid layer of crust and upper mantle ... Broken up into seperat…
earth science study guide
grouping 1
grouping 2
4 laws governing radiation
grouping 3
convection, heat, conduction, temperature
wavelength, visible light, infrared radiation, ultraviolet rays
Kirchhoff's law, Planck's law, Stefan-Boltzmann law, and Wien…
reflection, absorption, scattering, albedo
grouping 1
convection, heat, conduction, temperature
grouping 2
wavelength, visible light, infrared radiation, ultraviolet rays
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Test Study Guide
Pressure:
Prominence:
Granule:
Solar flare:
Total amount of force exerted over a standard area, such as a…
Streams of material that rise and descend from the sun's coro…
Bumps on the sun's photosphere.
Extremely violent eruption on the surface of the sun. They ar…
Pressure:
Total amount of force exerted over a standard area, such as a…
Prominence:
Streams of material that rise and descend from the sun's coro…
Earth science Study Guide
Indenpendent Variable
Dependent variable
Constant
Control
the variable the you change
the variable that changes b/c of the independent variable
the parts of the variable that stay the same
the object in the experiment that isn't manipulated and is co…
Indenpendent Variable
the variable the you change
Dependent variable
the variable that changes b/c of the independent variable
32 terms
EARTH SCIENCE CH 8 STUDY GUIDE
According to Figure 8-1, what is the d…
According to Figure 8-1, when will the…
According to Figure 8-1, at what time…
What can we use the travel-time graph,…
1500 - 700 = 800 miles
5 min
13 min
an earthquake's epicenter
According to Figure 8-1, what is the d…
1500 - 700 = 800 miles
According to Figure 8-1, when will the…
5 min
42 terms
Luke's Earth Science SOL study guide
The initial volume of a graduated cyli…
How do you solve for volume of a cube…
D=m/v is the formula for density. If t…
Convection is the transfer of energy b…
25 ml is the volume of the odd-shaped object... 65 ml- 40 ml=25 ml
length x width x height = volume... 2.2 x 2.2 x 2.2=10.648
50/20=2.5????
Temperature, warmer, cooler
The initial volume of a graduated cyli…
25 ml is the volume of the odd-shaped object... 65 ml- 40 ml=25 ml
How do you solve for volume of a cube…
length x width x height = volume... 2.2 x 2.2 x 2.2=10.648
Earth Science Study Guide
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
What happens to the temperature from E…
What rock is the continental crust mai…
What rock is the oceanic crust mainly…
...
...
...
...
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
...
What happens to the temperature from E…
...
24 terms
Science Earth's Interior Study Guide
What are two terms that are used for p…
What are two terms that are used for p…
What are two terms that are used for p…
What type of geological process occurs…
transform and conservative
divergent and constructive
convergent and destructive
earthquakes
What are two terms that are used for p…
transform and conservative
What are two terms that are used for p…
divergent and constructive
6 terms
earth science study guide
lava flow... pyroclastic debris... volcanic…
lava flow
pyroclastic debris
volcanic gases
products of volcanic eruptions
molten rock that moves over the ground
fragments blown out of volcano
expelled vapor and aerosols
lava flow... pyroclastic debris... volcanic…
products of volcanic eruptions
lava flow
molten rock that moves over the ground
21 terms
Earth's Land and Changes Study Guide (Science)
lowland areas between mountains
a rapid change where Earth's materials…
large bodies of salt water: smaller th…
a slow change where eroded materials a…
valleys
landslides
seas
deposition
lowland areas between mountains
valleys
a rapid change where Earth's materials…
landslides
136 terms
Earth science study guide
Sedimentary rocks
Metamorphic rocks
Magma
Igneous rocks
Sediments that are deposited, buried and are compacted togeth…
Heat and pressure creates this type of rock
Melting of a rock creates this
Solidification of magma creates this
Sedimentary rocks
Sediments that are deposited, buried and are compacted togeth…
Metamorphic rocks
Heat and pressure creates this type of rock
13 terms
8th Grade Earth Science - Earth's Structure
Crust
Mantle
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
outermost layer of Earth; least dense layer; thinnest layer;…
layer of Earth between crust and core; thickest layer, partia…
made of crust and upper part of mantle; broken into tectonic…
layer just inside of lithosphere; partially molten (liquid),…
Crust
outermost layer of Earth; least dense layer; thinnest layer;…
Mantle
layer of Earth between crust and core; thickest layer, partia…
32 terms
Jack's Earth Science Study Guide
Difference between the epicenter and f…
P-waves
S-waves
How to find the epicenter of an earthq…
-At the focus, the rocks shift and the existing fault line in…
P-waves, also known as primary waves or pressure waves, trave…
S-waves, also known as secondary waves, shear waves or shakin…
In order to locate the epicenter of an earthquake you will ne…
Difference between the epicenter and f…
-At the focus, the rocks shift and the existing fault line in…
P-waves
P-waves, also known as primary waves or pressure waves, trave…
23 terms
Earth's 4 systems- Science Study Guide
layer of gases surrounding Earth
water found on Earth
Earth's entire solid body
all living organisms on Earth
atmosphere
hydrosphere
geosphere
biosphere
layer of gases surrounding Earth
atmosphere
water found on Earth
hydrosphere
200 terms
Earth Science Fall Semester Exam Study Guide
What are the main areas studied in Ear…
What are the differences between physi…
Name each sphere of Earth. What things…
Where is the prime meridian, what does…
Geology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Astronomy
Physical geology includes the examination of the materials th…
Hydrosphere- Water portion of Earth... Atmosphere- The gaseous…
The prime meridian is a line of longitude in a geographical c…
What are the main areas studied in Ear…
Geology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Astronomy
What are the differences between physi…
Physical geology includes the examination of the materials th…
118 terms
Earth Science Exam Study Guide
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sonar
Trench
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
A hypothetical continent including all the landmass of the ea…
Sound navigation and ranging.
A deep ridge in Earth that can travel for miles.
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Pangaea
A hypothetical continent including all the landmass of the ea…
88 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Troposphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
The gaseous envelope of air surrounding Earth, made up of a m…
The lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere characterized by decre…
Lithosphere
The outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and uppe…
Hydrosphere
water in the earth system-gaseous (water vapor), solid (snow…
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