Study sets matching "exam study guide earth science"

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Study sets matching "exam study guide earth science"

23 terms
Earth science study guide
A natural occuring substance that is s…
Any seperation in a geologic formula
A long, thin line or mark of a differe…
A stream of particles or electromagnet…
Mineral
Fracture
Streak
Radioactivity
A natural occuring substance that is s…
Mineral
Any seperation in a geologic formula
Fracture
15 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Fossil
Permineralized remains
Carbon film
Mold
An imprint or remain of a once living creature
When things dissolve and turn into rocks from erosion
living things have it, dissolves once the organism dies
Grows on many things, usually dead.
Fossil
An imprint or remain of a once living creature
Permineralized remains
When things dissolve and turn into rocks from erosion
20 terms
earth science study guide
contour lines
crust
topographical map
mountains
lines on a topographical map that indicate areas with the sam…
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
Map that shows the shape of the surface features and their el…
the tallest of Earth's landforms
contour lines
lines on a topographical map that indicate areas with the sam…
crust
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
Earth Science Study Guide
Earth Science
Oceanography
Geology
Meterology
The name of all the sciences that collectively seek to unders…
The scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena; Oce…
The science that examines Earth, its form and composition, an…
The scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
Earth Science
The name of all the sciences that collectively seek to unders…
Oceanography
The scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena; Oce…
17 terms
Earth science study guide
ptolemy
copernicus
kepler
galileo
believed in geocentric universe, was supported by the church…
believed in heliocentric universe, sun was in the center, sti…
studied with branch, gave planets elliptical orbit, wrote law…
perfected and used a telescope, discovered sat urn's rings, d…
ptolemy
believed in geocentric universe, was supported by the church…
copernicus
believed in heliocentric universe, sun was in the center, sti…
Study Guide Earth science
Astronomy
Galaxy
Astronomical Unit
Cosmology
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
a unit of measurement equal to 149.6 million kilometers, the…
the science of the origin and development of the universe. Mo…
Astronomy
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
Galaxy
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
23 terms
earth science study guide
brackish
confluence
estuary
flood
relating to water that is a mixture of fresh water and salt w…
place where two streams merge
wetland containing brackish water that forms where a stream m…
event in which a stream or river overflows its banks
brackish
relating to water that is a mixture of fresh water and salt w…
confluence
place where two streams merge
26 terms
earth science study guide
properties of air
composition of earths atmosphere
why nitrogen is important to earth
why oxygen is important to earth
- affected by heat... - takes up space... - has mass... - exerts press…
78% nitrogen... 21% oxygen... 1% argon, carbon dioxide, water vapor…
proteins and dilutes oxygen
respiration and combustion
properties of air
- affected by heat... - takes up space... - has mass... - exerts press…
composition of earths atmosphere
78% nitrogen... 21% oxygen... 1% argon, carbon dioxide, water vapor…
Earth Science Study Guide
Fossil Fuel
Nuclear Power
Solar Power
Hydroelectric Power
Adv- Plentiful... Dis- Pollution
Adv- Low Pollution... Dis- Radioactive Waste
Adv- Renewable, Almost Constant... Dis- Expensive to Store
Adv- Reliable... Dis- Expensive
Fossil Fuel
Adv- Plentiful... Dis- Pollution
Nuclear Power
Adv- Low Pollution... Dis- Radioactive Waste
26 terms
earth science study guide
glacers ____large amounts of sediment
Land features formed by wind are more…
____, or giant pieces of ice, once cov…
____is a flat piece of land at a high…
deposits
dry
Glaciers
Plateau
glacers ____large amounts of sediment
deposits
Land features formed by wind are more…
dry
33 terms
Final Study Guide Earth Science
True or False: Chickens are a renewabl…
What two human activities are thought…
Which of the following is used in maki…
Natural Resources are _____ ____ on ea…
True.
The burning of fossil fuels and the burning of forest.
A. Aggregate
Unevenly Distributed
True or False: Chickens are a renewabl…
True.
What two human activities are thought…
The burning of fossil fuels and the burning of forest.
20 terms
Earth science study guide
Continental Crust
Ocianic Crust
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Thicker of the two crusts: Made up of mostly granites which i…
Formed beneath the ocean: Thinner of two crusts. Made up of b…
A ridge layer of the earth that includes the crust, and the u…
Plastic solid. Rock is solid, but still soft and can bend--pl…
Continental Crust
Thicker of the two crusts: Made up of mostly granites which i…
Ocianic Crust
Formed beneath the ocean: Thinner of two crusts. Made up of b…
60 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Rotation
Revolution
Axis
Specific Heat Capacity
Movement of the Earth that gives us day and night
Movement of the Earth that gives us a year
The imaginary line in which the Earth rotates which determine…
The heat required to raise the temperature of a substance by…
Rotation
Movement of the Earth that gives us day and night
Revolution
Movement of the Earth that gives us a year
study guide..! for Earth Science.
Earth Science
Astronomy
Meteorology
Oceanography
is the study of the Earth and its neighbors in space.
the study of the universe beyond the earth. (4000 years of st…
the study of earth's atmosphere.
the study of earth's oceans.
Earth Science
is the study of the Earth and its neighbors in space.
Astronomy
the study of the universe beyond the earth. (4000 years of st…
50 terms
Earth science study guide
aphotic zone
density
food web
photosynthesis
The portion of the ocean where there is no sunlight is called:
Mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed in gra…
A group of interrelated food chain are called;
The process by which plants and algae produce carbohydrates f…
aphotic zone
The portion of the ocean where there is no sunlight is called:
density
Mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed in gra…
69 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
How is magnetic declination mesaured
describe how a topographic map shows e…
What are map makers called
how does the hardness scale work
it is measured by the angle on the horizon between the north…
it uses contour lines to show elevation
cartographer
It starts with the softest mineral talc and end s with diamon…
How is magnetic declination mesaured
it is measured by the angle on the horizon between the north…
describe how a topographic map shows e…
it uses contour lines to show elevation
70 terms
Honors Earth Science Study Guide
crust
geology
geologist
mantle
includes both dry land and the ocean floor; made up of tecton…
the science that deals with the earth's physical structure an…
a person who studies geology
section of the earth between the core and crust; thickest lay…
crust
includes both dry land and the ocean floor; made up of tecton…
geology
the science that deals with the earth's physical structure an…
118 terms
Earth science study guide
What is the surface area of Lake super…
How much of the world's fresh surface…
How many feet deep is lake superior at…
Including all of the islands in lake s…
31,700 miles
10%
1,333 feet
1,826 miles of shorline
What is the surface area of Lake super…
31,700 miles
How much of the world's fresh surface…
10%
18 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
How are scientists able to determine w…
Explain how gravity played a role in t…
Describe the different systems of the…
Explain the difference between contine…
By it's thermal energy and it's density.
Gravity pulled in the irregular bumps on the surface of the n…
Atmosphere: layer of gases surrounding Earth... Geosphere: Earth…
Continental: crust on land (less dense)... Oceanic: the crust un…
How are scientists able to determine w…
By it's thermal energy and it's density.
Explain how gravity played a role in t…
Gravity pulled in the irregular bumps on the surface of the n…
Earth science study guide
1. List the following layers of the at…
Most weather on Earth occurs in this l…
This layer contains the ozone layer
This is the coldest layer in our atmos…
Troposphere,stratosphere,mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
1. List the following layers of the at…
Troposphere,stratosphere,mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere
Most weather on Earth occurs in this l…
Troposphere
Earth and Space Science Study Guide 1
silicates
Bedrock
precious stones
minerals
The largest group of minerals which compose over 90% of the e…
the layer of solid rock below the soil
the rarest , most durable, and most beautiful minerals
substances found naturally in the earth with a crystalline st…
silicates
The largest group of minerals which compose over 90% of the e…
Bedrock
the layer of solid rock below the soil
13 terms
earth science study guide
Pangaea
The number of major plates
which scientist receive the credit for…
Isostacy
All continents together as one gigantic Continent
7
Harry Hess
The displacement of the mantle by the earths continental and…
Pangaea
All continents together as one gigantic Continent
The number of major plates
7
21 terms
earth science study guide
what are the 5 characteristics of a mi…
5 physical properties
streak
luster
Naturally Orcurring, Inorganic, Solid, Definite Crystalline S…
Hardness, Color, Crystal, Shape, Streak
color of a minerals powder
how light is reflected from a minerals surface
what are the 5 characteristics of a mi…
Naturally Orcurring, Inorganic, Solid, Definite Crystalline S…
5 physical properties
Hardness, Color, Crystal, Shape, Streak
31 terms
STAAR Study Guide - Earth Science
Earth Materials
Natural resources
Renewable resources
Non-renewable resources
Rocks, soil, water, and gases in the atmosphere
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Any natural resource that can renew itself in a relatively sh…
Resource formed over a long period of time that can not be re…
Earth Materials
Rocks, soil, water, and gases in the atmosphere
Natural resources
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Earth science study guide
Crust
Mantle
Core
How inner different from outer core
The thinnest layer, less than 1% of the earth's mass, made of…
Molten rock on which plates float, contains 67% of the earth'…
Inner layer of the earth, made of both solid and liquid metsl…
Inner made of solid metal ... outer made of liquid metal
Crust
The thinnest layer, less than 1% of the earth's mass, made of…
Mantle
Molten rock on which plates float, contains 67% of the earth'…
17 terms
Earth science study guide
Scientific method step 1
Scientific method step 2
Scientific method step 3
Scientific method step 4
Determine the problem
Research
hypothesis
procedure
Scientific method step 1
Determine the problem
Scientific method step 2
Research
32 terms
earth science study guide
sedimentary
plateau
layers
elevation
limestone is an example of ----- rock
a ----- is a large nearly level area of land that has been up…
Flat deposits of rock that cover a large area are called ____…
_______ is vertical distance above sea level.
sedimentary
limestone is an example of ----- rock
plateau
a ----- is a large nearly level area of land that has been up…
37 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Chemosynthesis
Continental Margin
Photiczone
Aphotic
chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or more ca…
Continental Rise, Slope and Shelf
Sunlight that penetrates water 250ft.
Dark -> where the sunlight can't reach
Chemosynthesis
chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or more ca…
Continental Margin
Continental Rise, Slope and Shelf
Study Guide Earth Science
A substance that cannot be broken down…
The nucleus of an atom is made up of
Particle that has a positive charge
Particle that has a negative charge
element
neutrons & protons
protons
electron
A substance that cannot be broken down…
element
The nucleus of an atom is made up of
neutrons & protons
24 terms
Earth Science study Guide
Plate boundaries
What direction does Divergent move
What direction does Convergent move
What direction does Transform fault move
Divergent, Convergent, and transform Fault
They move apart from each other
Together
They move horizontally past each other
Plate boundaries
Divergent, Convergent, and transform Fault
What direction does Divergent move
They move apart from each other
Earth and Space Science Study Guide 2
copper
longwall mining
Faces
atom
brass is an alloy of ______ and zinc
Mining that uses a rotating drum that travels down a long tra…
crystals are generally characterized by many flat surfaces ca…
most basic unit of matter
copper
brass is an alloy of ______ and zinc
longwall mining
Mining that uses a rotating drum that travels down a long tra…
26 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
What is a Volcano?
Volcanoes are made of ________________…
Compare magma and lava
Contrast magma and lava
A depositional mountain landform built from solidifed magma f…
Igneous
They both molten rocks
Magma-is molten rock underneath the volcano Lava-is magma tha…
What is a Volcano?
A depositional mountain landform built from solidifed magma f…
Volcanoes are made of ________________…
Igneous
28 terms
Earth Science Test Study Guide
What is convergence?
What is divergence?
What is a transform fault?
What type of plate boundary produces l…
When two plates are moving toward each other.
When two plates are moving away from each other.
The boundary between two plates that are sliding past each ot…
Convergent Plate Boundary
What is convergence?
When two plates are moving toward each other.
What is divergence?
When two plates are moving away from each other.
90 terms
Earth Science study guide
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Seismograph
Shaking or trembling caused by release of energy and adjustin…
Point within earth where faulting begins, or depth. (Rocks cr…
Point directly above focus on Earth's surface.
Instruments or machines that measure and record earthquakes.
Earthquake
Shaking or trembling caused by release of energy and adjustin…
Focus
Point within earth where faulting begins, or depth. (Rocks cr…
Earth Science study guide
Rock Cycle
Difference in crystal size with extrus…
Magma vs. Lava
5 steps - Sedimentary rock
...
Large crystals are found intrusive rocks that are cooled from…
Magma at the surface is called lava
weathering... erosion... deposition... compactation... cementation
Rock Cycle
...
Difference in crystal size with extrus…
Large crystals are found intrusive rocks that are cooled from…
28 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Umbra
Penumbra
Axis
Orbit
The fully shaded inner shadow of the moon.
Partial shadow of the moon.
The imaginary line in which the Earth rotates on.
The path of an object around another object.
Umbra
The fully shaded inner shadow of the moon.
Penumbra
Partial shadow of the moon.
45 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Primary Waves
Secondary Waves
To measure the distance from recording…
Geologists learned that the outer core…
Formed by alternate compression and expansion of rock, travel…
Are slower than p waves, move only through solids, move perpe…
Compare the time interval between the arrival of p and S wave…
S wave refract at the mantle-core boundary
Primary Waves
Formed by alternate compression and expansion of rock, travel…
Secondary Waves
Are slower than p waves, move only through solids, move perpe…
47 terms
Science Earth Processes Study Guide
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Glacier
Fossils
A theory that proposes that continents are not stationary but…
Supercontinent
A huge ice mass that move very slow
The remains, impressions, or evidence of once living things p…
Continental Drift
A theory that proposes that continents are not stationary but…
Pangaea
Supercontinent
133 terms
Earth Science Study guide
What are the sciences that we study in…
What is Astronomy?
What is Cartography?
What is Meteorology?
Geology, Meteorology, Cartography, Astronmony, and Oceanography
The study of stars, planets, space, and the universe
The study of maps
The study of weather and the climate
What are the sciences that we study in…
Geology, Meteorology, Cartography, Astronmony, and Oceanography
What is Astronomy?
The study of stars, planets, space, and the universe
Earth Science Study Guide
Force
When different pull together?
Push/ repel when alike.
Inertia
Push or pull
What happens if two opposites charges are near?
What happens when two alike forces are near?
Tendency of an object to resist a change In motion.
Force
Push or pull
When different pull together?
What happens if two opposites charges are near?
Earth Science Study Guide
Latitude
Longitude
Light Intensity
rotation
The numbering system used to indicate the location of paralle…
The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridia…
The level of light received on a plant surface.
The spinning of Earth on its axis
Latitude
The numbering system used to indicate the location of paralle…
Longitude
The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridia…
Earth Science Final Study Guide
What are The Forces Involved in Deform…
Shear
Tension (Forces Involved in Deformation)
Compression (Forces Involved in Deform…
1. Compression ... 2. Tension ... 3. Shear
Twisting
Pulling Apart
Pushing Together
What are The Forces Involved in Deform…
1. Compression ... 2. Tension ... 3. Shear
Shear
Twisting
Earth Science Study Guide
Constellation
How many constellations are recognized…
Binary Star
Light Year
apparent group of stars named for mythical characters the sky…
88 constellations are recognized and they are used to divide…
one of the two stars reading around a common center of mass u…
the distance the light travels in a year (6 trillion miles)
Constellation
apparent group of stars named for mythical characters the sky…
How many constellations are recognized…
88 constellations are recognized and they are used to divide…
27 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Nebula
Planetesimals
Earth is the center of the universe
Sun is the center of the universe
Large cloud of dust and gas in space
Particles that become planets
Geocentric
Earth is the center of the universe
Heliocentric
Sun is the center of the universe
19 terms
Science Study Guide - Earth
What are the Earth has three layers ?
Why is the outer layer (crust) is the…
What is the core divided into ?
What is the crust made of ?
the crust, the mantle and the core
because we live on it
outer core and the inner core
It is a solid, is made mostly of sand and is the thinnest lay…
What are the Earth has three layers ?
the crust, the mantle and the core
Why is the outer layer (crust) is the…
because we live on it
Earth Science Mid-Term study guide
Erosion
4 Agents of erosion
Mass movement
Landslide
The process by which sediments are obtained and transported.
Wind, Glaciers running water, and gravity.
The downslope movement of large masses of Eath materials due…
Triggered by long periods of rain or earthquakes.
Erosion
The process by which sediments are obtained and transported.
4 Agents of erosion
Wind, Glaciers running water, and gravity.
31 terms
study guide earth science
polaris
earths rotation
east
west
horizon/polaris angle
15*/hr
future
past
polaris
horizon/polaris angle
earths rotation
15*/hr
51 terms
Earth Science study guide
The deeper you go into the Earth the h…
The more/less dense it is.
The more/less pressure the layer exper…
Layers:
hotter
more
more
Crust, mantle, core, lithosphere, asthenosphere, mesosphere,…
The deeper you go into the Earth the h…
hotter
The more/less dense it is.
more
24 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
What happens to the temperature from E…
What rock is the continental crust mai…
What rock is the oceanic crust mainly…
pressure/temp.
it increases for every 40 meters it increases 1 celsius degree
solid rock
solid rock
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
pressure/temp.
What happens to the temperature from E…
it increases for every 40 meters it increases 1 celsius degree
82 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
What are the four main areas of study…
What is the study of the earth?
What is the study of composotions and…
What is the study of the atmosphere an…
Geology, Oceanography, meterology, astronomy
geology
oceanology
meterology
What are the four main areas of study…
Geology, Oceanography, meterology, astronomy
What is the study of the earth?
geology
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