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Study sets matching "exam study guide earth science"

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Study sets matching "exam study guide earth science"

20 terms
earth science study guide
contour lines
crust
topographical map
mountains
lines on a topographical map that indicate areas with the sam…
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
Map that shows the shape of the surface features and their el…
the tallest of Earth's landforms
contour lines
lines on a topographical map that indicate areas with the sam…
crust
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
15 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Fossil
Permineralized remains
Carbon film
Mold
An imprint or remain of a once living creature
When things dissolve and turn into rocks from erosion
living things have it, dissolves once the organism dies
Grows on many things, usually dead.
Fossil
An imprint or remain of a once living creature
Permineralized remains
When things dissolve and turn into rocks from erosion
25 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Earth Science
Oceanography
Geology
Meterology
The name of all the sciences that collectively seek to unders…
The scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena; Oce…
The science that examines Earth, its form and composition, an…
The scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
Earth Science
The name of all the sciences that collectively seek to unders…
Oceanography
The scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena; Oce…
12 terms
earth science study guide
3 eons
hadean time/facts
archean time/facts
protorozoic time/facts
hadean, archean, protorozoic
began 4.6 billion years ago ended 4 billion years ago... birth…
4,000 million years ago ended 2,500 years ago... first traces o…
began 2.5 billion years ago ended 541 million years ago... cont…
3 eons
hadean, archean, protorozoic
hadean time/facts
began 4.6 billion years ago ended 4 billion years ago... birth…
17 terms
Earth science study guide
ptolemy
copernicus
kepler
galileo
believed in geocentric universe, was supported by the church…
believed in heliocentric universe, sun was in the center, sti…
studied with branch, gave planets elliptical orbit, wrote law…
perfected and used a telescope, discovered sat urn's rings, d…
ptolemy
believed in geocentric universe, was supported by the church…
copernicus
believed in heliocentric universe, sun was in the center, sti…
33 terms
Study Guide Earth science
Astronomy
Galaxy
Astronomical Unit
Cosmology
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
a unit of measurement equal to 149.6 million kilometers, the…
the science of the origin and development of the universe. Mo…
Astronomy
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
Galaxy
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
46 terms
Earth Science study guide
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere
thermosphere
The lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere
2nd layer of atmosphere; extends from 10 to 30 miles up; loca…
The middle layer of the atmosphere
outermost layer of Earth's atmosphere - contains the ionosphere
troposphere
The lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere
stratosphere
2nd layer of atmosphere; extends from 10 to 30 miles up; loca…
23 terms
earth science study guide
brackish
confluence
estuary
flood
relating to water that is a mixture of fresh water and salt w…
place where two streams merge
wetland containing brackish water that forms where a stream m…
event in which a stream or river overflows its banks
brackish
relating to water that is a mixture of fresh water and salt w…
confluence
place where two streams merge
8 terms
Earth science study guide
Asthenosphere
Hot spot/flume
Intraplate
Lithosphere
A weak plastic layer of the mantle situated below the lithosp…
A concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing ma…
Igneous activity that occurs within a tectonic plate away fro…
The rigid outer layer of earth, including the crust and upper…
Asthenosphere
A weak plastic layer of the mantle situated below the lithosp…
Hot spot/flume
A concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing ma…
30 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Atmosphere
Constructive Force
Lithosphere
Convection Currents
The relatively thin layer of gases that form Earth's outermos…
Any natural process that builds up Earth's surface.
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
The movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature…
Atmosphere
The relatively thin layer of gases that form Earth's outermos…
Constructive Force
Any natural process that builds up Earth's surface.
20 terms
earth science study guide
Ecology
CFC's
Over-farming
Sustainable development
The scientific study of the processes influencing the distrib…
is short for chlorofluorocarbon, which contains carbon, chlor…
taking too much away from land and not returning enough back
development that does not use resources ing a way that is dam…
Ecology
The scientific study of the processes influencing the distrib…
CFC's
is short for chlorofluorocarbon, which contains carbon, chlor…
18 terms
Earth Science study guide
The axis shows the independent variable
An educated guess ... If and then statement
All other factors which are kept the s…
Group in the experiment that is used f…
X-Axis
Hypothesis
Controlled Variables
Control Group
The axis shows the independent variable
X-Axis
An educated guess ... If and then statement
Hypothesis
70 terms
Honors Earth Science Study Guide
crust
geology
geologist
mantle
includes both dry land and the ocean floor; made up of tecton…
the science that deals with the earth's physical structure an…
a person who studies geology
section of the earth between the core and crust; thickest lay…
crust
includes both dry land and the ocean floor; made up of tecton…
geology
the science that deals with the earth's physical structure an…
26 terms
6th grade-Science Earth & Moon Study Guide
FIRST QUARTER
WAXING GIBBOUS
FULL MOON
NEW
This phase of the moon is called __________ ___________.
This moon phase is ___________ ____________.
This moon phase is a ___________ ___________.
This moon in the dark starts out as a ________ moon in the ti…
FIRST QUARTER
This phase of the moon is called __________ ___________.
WAXING GIBBOUS
This moon phase is ___________ ____________.
23 terms
Earth science study guide
A natural occuring substance that is s…
Any seperation in a geologic formula
A long, thin line or mark of a differe…
A stream of particles or electromagnet…
Mineral
Fracture
Streak
Radioactivity
A natural occuring substance that is s…
Mineral
Any seperation in a geologic formula
Fracture
31 terms
STAAR Study Guide - Earth Science
Earth Materials
Natural resources
Renewable resources
Non-renewable resources
Rocks, soil, water, and gases in the atmosphere
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Any natural resource that can renew itself in a relatively sh…
Resource formed over a long period of time that can not be re…
Earth Materials
Rocks, soil, water, and gases in the atmosphere
Natural resources
Materials found in nature that are used by living things
Earth Science Study Guide
anything that has mass and takes up sp…
something that takes up space has?
pure substances made of only one type…
smallest piece of an element
matter
volume
elements
atom
anything that has mass and takes up sp…
matter
something that takes up space has?
volume
50 terms
Earth science study guide
aphotic zone
density
food web
photosynthesis
The portion of the ocean where there is no sunlight is called:
Mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed in gra…
A group of interrelated food chain are called;
The process by which plants and algae produce carbohydrates f…
aphotic zone
The portion of the ocean where there is no sunlight is called:
density
Mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed in gra…
69 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
How is magnetic declination mesaured
describe how a topographic map shows e…
What are map makers called
how does the hardness scale work
it is measured by the angle on the horizon between the north…
it uses contour lines to show elevation
cartographer
It starts with the softest mineral talc and end s with diamon…
How is magnetic declination mesaured
it is measured by the angle on the horizon between the north…
describe how a topographic map shows e…
it uses contour lines to show elevation
104 terms
Earth science study guide
What is the surface area of Lake super…
How much of the world's fresh surface…
How many feet deep is lake superior at…
Including all of the islands in lake s…
31,700 miles
10%
1,333 feet
1,826 miles of shorline
What is the surface area of Lake super…
31,700 miles
How much of the world's fresh surface…
10%
30 terms
Revised Earth Science Study Guide
Studying seismic waves helped geologis…
What are the three compositional layer…
What are the five structural layers of…
Crust
1. Chemical composition... 2. Overall structure
1. Crust... 2. Mantle... 3. Core
1. Lithosphere ... 2. Asthenosphere... 3. Mesosphere... 4. Outer core…
- Layer of solid rock that forms Earth's outermost "skin."…
Studying seismic waves helped geologis…
1. Chemical composition... 2. Overall structure
What are the three compositional layer…
1. Crust... 2. Mantle... 3. Core
Earth science study guide
Crust
Mantle
Core
How inner different from outer core
The thinnest layer, less than 1% of the earth's mass, made of…
Molten rock on which plates float, contains 67% of the earth'…
Inner layer of the earth, made of both solid and liquid metsl…
Inner made of solid metal ... outer made of liquid metal
Crust
The thinnest layer, less than 1% of the earth's mass, made of…
Mantle
Molten rock on which plates float, contains 67% of the earth'…
21 terms
earth science study guide
what are the 5 characteristics of a mi…
5 physical properties
streak
luster
Naturally Orcurring, Inorganic, Solid, Definite Crystalline S…
Hardness, Color, Crystal, Shape, Streak
color of a minerals powder
how light is reflected from a minerals surface
what are the 5 characteristics of a mi…
Naturally Orcurring, Inorganic, Solid, Definite Crystalline S…
5 physical properties
Hardness, Color, Crystal, Shape, Streak
17 terms
Earth science study guide
Scientific method step 1
Scientific method step 2
Scientific method step 3
Scientific method step 4
Determine the problem
Research
hypothesis
procedure
Scientific method step 1
Determine the problem
Scientific method step 2
Research
18 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
How are scientists able to determine w…
Explain how gravity played a role in t…
Describe the different systems of the…
Explain the difference between contine…
By it's thermal energy and it's density.
Gravity pulled in the irregular bumps on the surface of the n…
Atmosphere: layer of gases surrounding Earth... Geosphere: Earth…
Continental: crust on land (less dense)... Oceanic: the crust un…
How are scientists able to determine w…
By it's thermal energy and it's density.
Explain how gravity played a role in t…
Gravity pulled in the irregular bumps on the surface of the n…
8 terms
Study Guide for Earth Science
Calcite and quartz
Organic Rocks
Limestone : Travertine : Chert
Breccia
Cementing Agents for a chemical group
Sedimentary Rocks that formed by something that was once living
The 3 rocks formed by precipitation
Sharp angular pebbles that are cemented together
Calcite and quartz
Cementing Agents for a chemical group
Organic Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks that formed by something that was once living
10 terms
study guide..! for Earth Science.
Earth Science
Astronomy
Meteorology
Oceanography
is the study of the Earth and its neighbors in space.
the study of the universe beyond the earth. (4000 years of st…
the study of earth's atmosphere.
the study of earth's oceans.
Earth Science
is the study of the Earth and its neighbors in space.
Astronomy
the study of the universe beyond the earth. (4000 years of st…
37 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Chemosynthesis
Continental Margin
Photiczone
Aphotic
chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or more ca…
Continental Rise, Slope and Shelf
Sunlight that penetrates water 250ft.
Dark -> where the sunlight can't reach
Chemosynthesis
chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or more ca…
Continental Margin
Continental Rise, Slope and Shelf
32 terms
earth science study guide
sedimentary
plateau
layers
elevation
limestone is an example of ----- rock
a ----- is a large nearly level area of land that has been up…
Flat deposits of rock that cover a large area are called ____…
_______ is vertical distance above sea level.
sedimentary
limestone is an example of ----- rock
plateau
a ----- is a large nearly level area of land that has been up…
38 terms
Study Guide Earth Science
A substance that cannot be broken down…
The nucleus of an atom is made up of
Particle that has a positive charge
Particle that has a negative charge
element
neutrons & protons
protons
electron
A substance that cannot be broken down…
element
The nucleus of an atom is made up of
neutrons & protons
55 terms
Earth Science Exam Study Guide
define the terms rotation and revolution
why can the moon appear as big as the…
why do shadows change during the day?
explain why shadows change throughout…
rotation: to turn about on axis, or center / point of object…
the moon is closer, yet smaller, but the sun is bigger, and m…
because of the suns position in the sky
the sun is getting either lower or higher in the sky, dependi…
define the terms rotation and revolution
rotation: to turn about on axis, or center / point of object…
why can the moon appear as big as the…
the moon is closer, yet smaller, but the sun is bigger, and m…
24 terms
Earth Science study Guide
Plate boundaries
What direction does Divergent move
What direction does Convergent move
What direction does Transform fault move
Divergent, Convergent, and transform Fault
They move apart from each other
Together
They move horizontally past each other
Plate boundaries
Divergent, Convergent, and transform Fault
What direction does Divergent move
They move apart from each other
33 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Conservation
Recycling
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
the preservation and wise use of natural resources
the process of recovering valuable or useful materials from w…
a resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the…
a nonrenewable energy resource that formed from the remains o…
Conservation
the preservation and wise use of natural resources
Recycling
the process of recovering valuable or useful materials from w…
33 terms
Earth Science study guide
Rock Cycle
Difference in crystal size with extrus…
Magma vs. Lava
5 steps - Sedimentary rock
...
Large crystals are found intrusive rocks that are cooled from…
Magma at the surface is called lava
weathering... erosion... deposition... compactation... cementation
Rock Cycle
...
Difference in crystal size with extrus…
Large crystals are found intrusive rocks that are cooled from…
45 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Primary Waves
Secondary Waves
To measure the distance from recording…
Geologists learned that the outer core…
Formed by alternate compression and expansion of rock, travel…
Are slower than p waves, move only through solids, move perpe…
Compare the time interval between the arrival of p and S wave…
S wave refract at the mantle-core boundary
Primary Waves
Formed by alternate compression and expansion of rock, travel…
Secondary Waves
Are slower than p waves, move only through solids, move perpe…
Earth science study guide
1. List the following layers of the at…
Most weather on Earth occurs in this l…
This layer contains the ozone layer
This is the coldest layer in our atmos…
Troposphere,stratosphere,mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
1. List the following layers of the at…
Troposphere,stratosphere,mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere
Most weather on Earth occurs in this l…
Troposphere
23 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Latitude
Longitude
Light Intensity
rotation
The numbering system used to indicate the location of paralle…
The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridia…
The level of light received on a plant surface.
The spinning of Earth on its axis
Latitude
The numbering system used to indicate the location of paralle…
Longitude
The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridia…
20 terms
Earth Surface Science Study Guide
Plateau
glacier
River
Lake
area of flat land that is up high
Layers of packed snow
Moving stream of water
fresh water surrounded by land
Plateau
area of flat land that is up high
glacier
Layers of packed snow
28 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Umbra
Penumbra
Axis
Orbit
The fully shaded inner shadow of the moon.
Partial shadow of the moon.
The imaginary line in which the Earth rotates on.
The path of an object around another object.
Umbra
The fully shaded inner shadow of the moon.
Penumbra
Partial shadow of the moon.
13 terms
earth science study guide
Pangaea
The number of major plates
which scientist receive the credit for…
Isostacy
All continents together as one gigantic Continent
7
Harry Hess
The displacement of the mantle by the earths continental and…
Pangaea
All continents together as one gigantic Continent
The number of major plates
7
24 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Steps of the scientific method
What is a independent variable?
What is the dependent variable?
What is a control?
Ask a question, Do background research, Construct a Hypothesi…
The variable that is manipulated in an experiment
A variable that responds to the independent variable
A variable that is kept constant so that the impact of anothe…
Steps of the scientific method
Ask a question, Do background research, Construct a Hypothesi…
What is a independent variable?
The variable that is manipulated in an experiment
14 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Force
When different pull together?
Push/ repel when alike.
Inertia
Push or pull
What happens if two opposites charges are near?
What happens when two alike forces are near?
Tendency of an object to resist a change In motion.
Force
Push or pull
When different pull together?
What happens if two opposites charges are near?
24 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
What happens to the temperature from E…
What rock is the continental crust mai…
What rock is the oceanic crust mainly…
drill hole 12 kilometers into earth and by earths force somet…
it get's hotter and hotter as you go deeper.
rocks and mountains.
basalt
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
drill hole 12 kilometers into earth and by earths force somet…
What happens to the temperature from E…
it get's hotter and hotter as you go deeper.
20 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Fossil
Trace Fossils
Where are body fossils of insects trap…
Where are fossils found in?
a body part, body imprint, or trace of living things preserve…
footprints, nests, eggs, etc. that give scientist an idea of…
Body fossil insects may be trapped in resin from a tree (ambe…
Fossils are found in sedimentary rocks.
Fossil
a body part, body imprint, or trace of living things preserve…
Trace Fossils
footprints, nests, eggs, etc. that give scientist an idea of…
24 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
What happens to the temperature from E…
What rock is the continental crust mai…
What rock is the oceanic crust mainly…
evidence from rock samples and seismic waves
first the rock the cool, 20 meters down and its getting warme…
granite
basalt
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
evidence from rock samples and seismic waves
What happens to the temperature from E…
first the rock the cool, 20 meters down and its getting warme…
24 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
What happens to the temperature from E…
What rock is the continental crust mai…
What rock is the oceanic crust mainly…
evidence from rock samples and seismic waves
first the rock the cool, 20 meters down and its getting warme…
granite
basalt
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
evidence from rock samples and seismic waves
What happens to the temperature from E…
first the rock the cool, 20 meters down and its getting warme…
22 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
What happens to the temperature from E…
What rock is the continental crust mai…
What rock is the oceanic crust mainly…
rock samples and seismic waves
it gets colder and then graudually gets warmer
granite
basalt
Two main ways scientists learn about E…
rock samples and seismic waves
What happens to the temperature from E…
it gets colder and then graudually gets warmer
31 terms
Earth science study guide
What forces drive plate motion?
What is a Rift?
what is a trench?
What is a hot spot?
Slab pull, slab push and convection currents
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart
A deep canyon in the ocean floor
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
What forces drive plate motion?
Slab pull, slab push and convection currents
What is a Rift?
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart
2 terms
Earth Science Study Guide
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