Study sets matching "exam vocabulary unit 3 biology"

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Study sets matching "exam vocabulary unit 3 biology"

23 terms
Biology - Unit 3 Vocabulary
selectively permeable
solute
solution
solvent
characteristic of a membrane that allows some substances thro…
substance dissolved in a liquid to form a solution
a homogenous mixture of two or more substances uniformly disp…
In a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves.
selectively permeable
characteristic of a membrane that allows some substances thro…
solute
substance dissolved in a liquid to form a solution
Biology Vocabulary (UNIT 3)
cell cycle
chromatid
chromosome
cytokinesis
process of cellular reproduction.
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction.
chromatid
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
13 terms
Unit 3: Biology Vocabulary
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Cytolplasm
nucleas
Thin membrane enclosing cytoplasm of a cell. controls ions,
protects cell structure
keeps present within a cell membrane, and contains all organe…
controls enzymes present, and regulates cell activity.
Cell membrane
Thin membrane enclosing cytoplasm of a cell. controls ions,
Cell Wall
protects cell structure
29 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Definitions
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Concentration Gradient
Diffusion
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without usi…
The movement of substances through a cell membrane using ener…
More concentration of molecules on one side of the membrane t…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration
Passive Transport
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without usi…
Active Transport
The movement of substances through a cell membrane using ener…
15 terms
Biology - Unit 3
active site
substrate
trait
catalyze
The part of an enzyme where the substrate fits and the chemic…
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
to speed up a process, especially a chemical or biochemical r…
active site
The part of an enzyme where the substrate fits and the chemic…
substrate
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
Biology Unit 3
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
Chromosomes line up along the middle of the cell.
Chromatids separate and begin to move to opposite ends of the…
Interphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Prophase
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
41 terms
Unit 3 Summative: Biology Vocabulary
chromosome
homologous chromosomes
sister chromatids
tetrads
made of chromatin (DNA + proteins)... - chromo: color... - soma: bo…
have genes that control the same traits, but may have the sam…
1 chromosome that has been copied into an identical version…
pairs of homologous chromosomes
chromosome
made of chromatin (DNA + proteins)... - chromo: color... - soma: bo…
homologous chromosomes
have genes that control the same traits, but may have the sam…
28 terms
Unit 3 Biology Vocabulary
F1 Generation
principle (law) of segregation
P generation
dominant gene
first generation of a genetic cross (in Mendel's experiments,…
pairs of genes separate during meiosis
the initial organisms used in a genetic cross (in Mendel's ex…
a gene that is expressed in a heterozygous individual
F1 Generation
first generation of a genetic cross (in Mendel's experiments,…
principle (law) of segregation
pairs of genes separate during meiosis
25 terms
OFL Biology Unit 3
Biological trait
Mendel's experiment
law of segregation
Human Genome Project
distinguishing characteristic that is inherited, such as eye…
Chose purebred pea plants because they reproduce quickly and…
organisms inherit two copies of each gene, one from each pare…
A project aiming to figure out the sequence of the 3 billion…
Biological trait
distinguishing characteristic that is inherited, such as eye…
Mendel's experiment
Chose purebred pea plants because they reproduce quickly and…
41 terms
SILSA Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Aerobic
Anaerobic
An organism made up of one cell that lacks a nucleus and memb…
An organism whose cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-…
Requiring oxygen
Not requiring oxygen
Prokaryote
An organism made up of one cell that lacks a nucleus and memb…
Eukaryote
An organism whose cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-…
14 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
DNA
Nitrogen bases
Adenine
Thymine
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
What bonds with adenine
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Nitrogen bases
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
45 terms
Unit 3 biology vocabulary
Active Transport
Archaebacteria
Biogenesis
Cell theory
the moving of substances across the cell membrane AGAINST the…
Unicellular, Cell Wall, Prokaryote, Heterotroph, Mobile
all living things come from other living things
A : all living things have cells, B: basic unit of life, C: c…
Active Transport
the moving of substances across the cell membrane AGAINST the…
Archaebacteria
Unicellular, Cell Wall, Prokaryote, Heterotroph, Mobile
20 terms
Biology - Unit 3 vocabulary
genetics
true breeding
trait
hybrids
scientific study of heredity
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristis that varies from one individual to an…
offsprins of cross between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
true breeding
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
59 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cell
organelle
cell wall
All living things are made of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
basic unit of living matter separated from its environment by…
tiny structures that carry out specific functions within the…
the rigid layer of material that surrounds plant cells; made…
cell theory
All living things are made of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
cell
basic unit of living matter separated from its environment by…
12 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Producer
Chemosynthesis
Biomass
Consumer
An organism that makes its own food
Process by which some organisms, such as certain bacteria, us…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
Producer
An organism that makes its own food
Chemosynthesis
Process by which some organisms, such as certain bacteria, us…
17 terms
Unit 3 Vocabulary Biology
Arom
Molecule
Solution
Solute
active range of motion
A group of atoms bonded together
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
Arom
active range of motion
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
18 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
autotroph
cellular respiration
consumer
energy
Organisms that can make their own food
A process where glucose is broken down and ATP is made.
Living things that do not produce their own food
The ability to do work
autotroph
Organisms that can make their own food
cellular respiration
A process where glucose is broken down and ATP is made.
18 terms
Unit 3 Biology Vocabulary
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
C6H12O6+6O2--> 6CO2+6H2O+ATP... Occurs in the Chloroplast
6CO2+6H20+Sunlight--> C6H12O6+6O2
Requires oxygen; produces less energy (36-38 units of ATP)
Does not require oxygen; produces less energy (2 Units of ATP…
Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6+6O2--> 6CO2+6H2O+ATP... Occurs in the Chloroplast
Photosynthesis
6CO2+6H20+Sunlight--> C6H12O6+6O2
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Semipermeable
Solute
Solution
Solvent
Allowing passage of certain, especially small, molecules or i…
The substance that is dissolved in another substance.
A homogeneous mixture of two substances that appear as only o…
A substance that has the ability to dissolve a solute when fo…
Semipermeable
Allowing passage of certain, especially small, molecules or i…
Solute
The substance that is dissolved in another substance.
50 terms
BIOLOGY - UNIT 3 VOCABULARY BINGO
Coarse Adjustment
Fine Adjustment
HIGH POWER OBJECTIVE
LOW POWER OBJECTIVE
It is used to focus a slide specimen under LOW magnification…
It is used to sharpen a slide specimen under LOW or HIGH magn…
Provides the greatest amount of magnification, longest in len…
Provides the least amount of magnification, shortest in lengt…
Coarse Adjustment
It is used to focus a slide specimen under LOW magnification…
Fine Adjustment
It is used to sharpen a slide specimen under LOW or HIGH magn…
Biology I - Unit 3 Ecology
abiotic
biotic
Biosphere
Geosphere
The nonliving things of an Ecosystem (water, light, dirt)
The living things of an Ecosystem (animals, plants)
The living organisms of Earth (animals, plants)
The nonliving things of Earth (rocks, dirt)
abiotic
The nonliving things of an Ecosystem (water, light, dirt)
biotic
The living things of an Ecosystem (animals, plants)
8 terms
Unit 3 vocabulary Biology
macromolecule
chemical reaction
reactant
product
a large, complex molecule made up of carbon skelton and other…
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set
the substance or substances that go into a chemical reaction…
the substance or substances that result from a chemical react…
macromolecule
a large, complex molecule made up of carbon skelton and other…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set
Biology vocab unit 3
Bio-
-logy
Eu-
Pro-
Life
Study of
True; good
Before
Bio-
Life
-logy
Study of
45 terms
Biology Unit 3
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
Chromosomes line up along the middle of the cell.
Chromatids separate and begin to move to opposite ends of the…
Interphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Prophase
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
11 terms
Biology Keystone Unit 3 Vocabulary
chloroplast
mitochondrion
bioenergetics
cellular respiration
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
A membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
The study of energy flow (energy transformations) into and wi…
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
mitochondrion
A membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
17 terms
Unit 3 Vocabulary Biology
Atom
Molecule
Solution
Solute
Smallest unit of an element
A group of atoms bonded together
A mixture that forms when one substance dissolves another.
Substance being dissolved
Atom
Smallest unit of an element
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
Biology Unit 3 - Biochemistry
biomolecule
carbohydrates
enzyme
lipids
an organic molecule produced by living organisms and consisti…
a group of organic molecules that includes sugars, starch, an…
a protein that catalyzes (speeds up) a reaction without being…
a group of organic molecules that includes fats, oils, waxes,…
biomolecule
an organic molecule produced by living organisms and consisti…
carbohydrates
a group of organic molecules that includes sugars, starch, an…
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Polymer (Macromolecules)
Monosaccharide (Carbohydrates)
Polysaccharide (Carbohydrates)
Starch (Carbohydrates)
The large compound that is formed from the joining of smaller…
•A simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate... •…
•The large macromolecules formed from monosaccharides ... •Eg: G…
•Polysaccharide stores energy in plants... •Eg: Animal starch/gl…
Polymer (Macromolecules)
The large compound that is formed from the joining of smaller…
Monosaccharide (Carbohydrates)
•A simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate... •…
12 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
cell membrane
phospholipid
fluid mosaic model
selective permeability
(plasma membrane), forms boundary between a cell and the outs…
(Q-tip) composed of three basic part: charged phosphate group…
describes the arrangement of the molecules that make up a cel…
mean it allows some,but not all,materials to cross
cell membrane
(plasma membrane), forms boundary between a cell and the outs…
phospholipid
(Q-tip) composed of three basic part: charged phosphate group…
11 terms
Biology Keystone Unit 3 Vocabulary
chloroplast
mitochondrion
bioenergetics
cellular respiration
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
A membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
The study of energy flow (energy transformations) into and wi…
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
mitochondrion
A membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
18 terms
DC Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary List 3
Active Transport
Sodium-Potassium Pump
Polypeptides
Polysaccharides
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of animal cells th…
Long chains of amino acids that will eventually be folded to…
Carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharid…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Sodium-Potassium Pump
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of animal cells th…
Biology Unit 3
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
End of Meosis I (and Cytokenesis I)
Prophase I
Metaphase I
34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
16 terms
Biology Review Unit 3
Atom
Molecule
Solution
Solute
Basic unit of matter
A group of atoms bonded together
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
21 terms
Unit 3 Biology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
control center of the cell, manages cell functions and stores…
Produces ribosomes
site of protein synthesis, makes proteins for the cell
has ribosomes, a passage way that sends and delivers proteins…
Nucleus
control center of the cell, manages cell functions and stores…
Nucleolus
Produces ribosomes
44 terms
Unit 3 Biology Vocabulary (Only)
Allele
Dihybrid Cross
Dominant Allele
Gene
One part of a gene or trait that is inherited from each parent
A cross between two organisms that differ in two traits
The allele that requires only one of its type to be present f…
A discreet unit of hereditary information
Allele
One part of a gene or trait that is inherited from each parent
Dihybrid Cross
A cross between two organisms that differ in two traits
24 terms
Unit 3 Biology Vocabulary
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molecule
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Compounds that DO NOT contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Organic Molecules made up of C,H,O with a 2:1 H:O ratio. They…
The monomers (building blocks) of carbohydrates. They're Know…
Organic Molecule
Compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Inorganic Molecule
Compounds that DO NOT contain both carbon and hydrogen.
23 terms
Biology Unit 3 Photosynthesis
Trophic level
Producers
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Each step in a food chain or food web... Energy Levels
Make their own food... Occupy the first trophic level... Also cal…
Organisms that are able to make their own food
An organism that gets its energy (organic food molecules) by…
Trophic level
Each step in a food chain or food web... Energy Levels
Producers
Make their own food... Occupy the first trophic level... Also cal…
32 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell
Multicellular
Organ
Tissue
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
composed of many cells
a group of different tissues that work together to perform a…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and that work…
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
Multicellular
composed of many cells
28 terms
Biology : Unit 3 Cells / Organelles
CELL
CELL THEORY
NUCLEOLUS
CYTOPLASM
a small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic…
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
dark area visible in the nucleus of non-dividing eukaryotic c…
area in a cell between the nucleus and cell membrane where th…
CELL
a small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic…
CELL THEORY
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
65 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Cilia
Flagella
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Short structure made of microtubules (9 pairs around two sing…
Long structure made of microtubules (9 pairs around two singl…
Entire area between the nucleus and plasma membrane of a cell.
Semi-liquid portion of the cytoplasm.
Cilia
Short structure made of microtubules (9 pairs around two sing…
Flagella
Long structure made of microtubules (9 pairs around two singl…
14 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
polarity
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
adhesion
the partial charge caused by unequal sharing of electrons
polar substances that dissolve in water because the polarity…
a nonpolar substance that cannot mix with water because a mol…
water molecules are attracted to other substances
polarity
the partial charge caused by unequal sharing of electrons
hydrophilic
polar substances that dissolve in water because the polarity…
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
AMP
endergonic reactions
adenosine triphosphate/ an energy currency that stores and su…
adenosine diphosphate/ an organic compound with two phosphate…
adenosine monophosphate/ used for intracellular signal transd…
energy is absorbed
ATP
adenosine triphosphate/ an energy currency that stores and su…
ADP
adenosine diphosphate/ an organic compound with two phosphate…
21 terms
MVHS Biology Unit 3 (2015)-- Cell cycle
mitosis
phases of mitosis
prophase
prophase (picture)
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides into two…
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
the part of mitosis when chromosomes become visible and spind…
mitosis
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides into two…
phases of mitosis
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
20 terms
Unit 3 Biology Vocabulary
Active transport
Osmosis
Cells
Passive transport
Movement of ions or molecules across cell membrane
Process molecules of solvent pass through semi permeable memb…
Smallest structural unit of an organism
Movement of biochemicals across membrane without energy input
Active transport
Movement of ions or molecules across cell membrane
Osmosis
Process molecules of solvent pass through semi permeable memb…
32 terms
Unit 3 - Cell biology
Organelle
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosome
A membrane-bound cell structure that carries out a specific f…
The control center of the cell - contains and protects your D…
Structure found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
An important piece of cell machinery composed of RNA and prot…
Organelle
A membrane-bound cell structure that carries out a specific f…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell - contains and protects your D…
17 terms
Biology Unit 3
Atom
Molecule
Solution
Solute
The simple unit of matter
A group of atoms put together
Mixture that dissolves another substance, usually made of two…
The substance that is dissolved using/in the solution
Atom
The simple unit of matter
Molecule
A group of atoms put together
38 terms
BRVGS AP Biology - Unit 3 - Biochemistry
polarity
hydroxyl group
amino group
phosphate group
Molecules having uneven distribution of charges
A functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an…
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to…
A functional group consisting of a phosphorus atom covalently…
polarity
Molecules having uneven distribution of charges
hydroxyl group
A functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an…
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
gene
genetics
trait
allele
discreet unit of hereditary information
study of heredity and the genes responsible for passing on he…
distinguishing characteristics or quality
one part of a gene inherited from each parent
gene
discreet unit of hereditary information
genetics
study of heredity and the genes responsible for passing on he…
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