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Study sets matching "exam vocabulary unit 3 biology"

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Study sets matching "exam vocabulary unit 3 biology"

27 terms
Biology Vocabulary (UNIT 3)
cell cycle
chromatid
chromosome
cytokinesis
process of cellular reproduction.
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction.
chromatid
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
23 terms
Biology - Unit 3 Vocabulary
selectively permeable
solute
solution
solvent
characteristic of a membrane that allows some substances thro…
substance dissolved in a liquid to form a solution
a homogenous mixture of two or more substances uniformly disp…
In a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves.
selectively permeable
characteristic of a membrane that allows some substances thro…
solute
substance dissolved in a liquid to form a solution
8 terms
Biology Unit 3 Bioenergetics
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Bioenergetics
Cellular Respiration
Chloroplast
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The study of energy flow (energy transformations) into and wi…
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Bioenergetics
The study of energy flow (energy transformations) into and wi…
25 terms
OFL Biology Unit 3
Biological trait
Mendel's experiment
law of segregation
Human Genome Project
distinguishing characteristic that is inherited, such as eye…
Chose purebred pea plants because they reproduce quickly and…
organisms inherit two copies of each gene, one from each pare…
A project aiming to figure out the sequence of the 3 billion…
Biological trait
distinguishing characteristic that is inherited, such as eye…
Mendel's experiment
Chose purebred pea plants because they reproduce quickly and…
5 terms
Biology - Unit 3
active site
substrate
trait
catalyze
The part of an enzyme where the substrate fits and the chemic…
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
to speed up a process, especially a chemical or biochemical r…
active site
The part of an enzyme where the substrate fits and the chemic…
substrate
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
13 terms
Unit 3: Biology Vocabulary
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Cytolplasm
nucleas
Thin membrane enclosing cytoplasm of a cell. controls ions,
protects cell structure
keeps present within a cell membrane, and contains all organe…
controls enzymes present, and regulates cell activity.
Cell membrane
Thin membrane enclosing cytoplasm of a cell. controls ions,
Cell Wall
protects cell structure
29 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Definitions
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Concentration Gradient
Diffusion
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without usi…
The movement of substances through a cell membrane using ener…
More concentration of molecules on one side of the membrane t…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration
Passive Transport
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without usi…
Active Transport
The movement of substances through a cell membrane using ener…
41 terms
Unit 3 Summative: Biology Vocabulary
chromosome
homologous chromosomes
sister chromatids
tetrads
made of chromatin (DNA + proteins)... - chromo: color... - soma: bo…
have genes that control the same traits, but may have the sam…
1 chromosome that has been copied into an identical version…
pairs of homologous chromosomes
chromosome
made of chromatin (DNA + proteins)... - chromo: color... - soma: bo…
homologous chromosomes
have genes that control the same traits, but may have the sam…
6 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Biochemistry
biomolecule
carbohydrates
enzyme
lipids
an organic molecule produced by living organisms and consisti…
a group of organic molecules that includes sugars, starch, an…
a protein that catalyzes (speeds up) a reaction without being…
a group of organic molecules that includes fats, oils, waxes,…
biomolecule
an organic molecule produced by living organisms and consisti…
carbohydrates
a group of organic molecules that includes sugars, starch, an…
50 terms
BIOLOGY - UNIT 3 VOCABULARY BINGO
Coarse Adjustment
Fine Adjustment
HIGH POWER OBJECTIVE
LOW POWER OBJECTIVE
It is used to focus a slide specimen under LOW magnification…
It is used to sharpen a slide specimen under LOW or HIGH magn…
Provides the greatest amount of magnification, longest in len…
Provides the least amount of magnification, shortest in lengt…
Coarse Adjustment
It is used to focus a slide specimen under LOW magnification…
Fine Adjustment
It is used to sharpen a slide specimen under LOW or HIGH magn…
41 terms
SILSA Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Aerobic
Anaerobic
An organism made up of one cell that lacks a nucleus and memb…
An organism whose cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-…
Requiring oxygen
Not requiring oxygen
Prokaryote
An organism made up of one cell that lacks a nucleus and memb…
Eukaryote
An organism whose cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-…
28 terms
Unit 3 Biology Vocabulary
F1 Generation
principle (law) of segregation
P generation
dominant gene
first generation of a genetic cross (in Mendel's experiments,…
pairs of genes separate during meiosis
the initial organisms used in a genetic cross (in Mendel's ex…
a gene that is expressed in a heterozygous individual
F1 Generation
first generation of a genetic cross (in Mendel's experiments,…
principle (law) of segregation
pairs of genes separate during meiosis
45 terms
Biology Unit 3
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
Chromosomes line up along the middle of the cell.
Chromatids separate and begin to move to opposite ends of the…
Interphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Prophase
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
23 terms
Biology Unit 3 Photosynthesis
Trophic level
Producers
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Each step in a food chain or food web... Energy Levels
Make their own food... Occupy the first trophic level... Also cal…
Organisms that are able to make their own food
An organism that gets its energy (organic food molecules) by…
Trophic level
Each step in a food chain or food web... Energy Levels
Producers
Make their own food... Occupy the first trophic level... Also cal…
28 terms
Biology : Unit 3 Cells / Organelles
CELL
CELL THEORY
NUCLEOLUS
CYTOPLASM
a small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic…
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
dark area visible in the nucleus of non-dividing eukaryotic c…
area in a cell between the nucleus and cell membrane where th…
CELL
a small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic…
CELL THEORY
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
12 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Producer
Chemosynthesis
Biomass
Consumer
An organism that makes its own food
Process by which some organisms, such as certain bacteria, us…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
Producer
An organism that makes its own food
Chemosynthesis
Process by which some organisms, such as certain bacteria, us…
34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
12 terms
Biology unit 3 Vocabulary
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
G2 phase
The process that divides the mother cell
Cells grow larger then copies its organelles to prepare for t…
The cell synthesizes a complete copy of the DNA in its nucleus
Makes proteins and organelles, and begins to reorganize its c…
Interphase
The process that divides the mother cell
G1 phase
Cells grow larger then copies its organelles to prepare for t…
45 terms
Unit 3 biology vocabulary
Active Transport
Archaebacteria
Biogenesis
Cell theory
the moving of substances across the cell membrane AGAINST the…
Unicellular, Cell Wall, Prokaryote, Heterotroph, Mobile
all living things come from other living things
A : all living things have cells, B: basic unit of life, C: c…
Active Transport
the moving of substances across the cell membrane AGAINST the…
Archaebacteria
Unicellular, Cell Wall, Prokaryote, Heterotroph, Mobile
32 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell
Multicellular
Organ
Tissue
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
composed of many cells
a group of different tissues that work together to perform a…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and that work…
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
Multicellular
composed of many cells
9 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Scientific Method
Observation
Hypothesis
Prediction
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Information obtained through the senses.
A proposed, scientifically testable explanation for an observ…
A statement of what will happen next in a sequence of events.
Scientific Method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Observation
Information obtained through the senses.
8 terms
Unit 3 vocabulary Biology
macromolecule
chemical reaction
reactant
product
a large, complex molecule made up of carbon skelton and other…
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set
the substance or substances that go into a chemical reaction…
the substance or substances that result from a chemical react…
macromolecule
a large, complex molecule made up of carbon skelton and other…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set
20 terms
Biology - Unit 3 vocabulary
genetics
true breeding
trait
hybrids
scientific study of heredity
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristis that varies from one individual to an…
offsprins of cross between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
true breeding
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
38 terms
BRVGS AP Biology - Unit 3 - Biochemistry
polarity
hydroxyl group
amino group
phosphate group
Molecules having uneven distribution of charges
A functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an…
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to…
A functional group consisting of a phosphorus atom covalently…
polarity
Molecules having uneven distribution of charges
hydroxyl group
A functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an…
36 terms
Biology vocab unit 3
Bio-
-logy
Eu-
Pro-
Life
Study of
True; good
Before
Bio-
Life
-logy
Study of
15 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
alleles
autosomal
chromosomes
dioecious
Alternative versions of a gene
Any chromosome not considered as a sex chromosome, or is not…
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
Having male and female reproductive organs in separate plants…
alleles
Alternative versions of a gene
autosomal
Any chromosome not considered as a sex chromosome, or is not…
18 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
autotroph
cellular respiration
consumer
energy
Organisms that can make their own food
A process where glucose is broken down and ATP is made.
Living things that do not produce their own food
The ability to do work
autotroph
Organisms that can make their own food
cellular respiration
A process where glucose is broken down and ATP is made.
27 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Semipermeable
Solute
Solution
Solvent
Allowing passage of certain, especially small, molecules or i…
The substance that is dissolved in another substance.
A homogeneous mixture of two substances that appear as only o…
A substance that has the ability to dissolve a solute when fo…
Semipermeable
Allowing passage of certain, especially small, molecules or i…
Solute
The substance that is dissolved in another substance.
47 terms
IGCSE Biology - Unit 3 Plant Nutrition
photosynthesis (word equation)
photosynthesis (balanced chemical equa…
photosynthesis (definition)
starch
water + carbon dioxide (+ light energy) --> oxygen + glucose
6O2 + 6CO2 --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
the process by which plants manufacture carbohydrates from ra…
excess glucose is stored in leaves in the form of this polymer
photosynthesis (word equation)
water + carbon dioxide (+ light energy) --> oxygen + glucose
photosynthesis (balanced chemical equa…
6O2 + 6CO2 --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
44 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
allele
dihybrid cross
dominant allele
gene
one part of a gene trait that is inherited from each parent
a cross between two organisms that differ in two traits
the allele that requires only one of its type in order to be…
a discreet unit of hereditary information
allele
one part of a gene trait that is inherited from each parent
dihybrid cross
a cross between two organisms that differ in two traits
17 terms
Unit 3 Vocabulary Biology
Arom
Molecule
Solution
Solute
active range of motion
A group of atoms bonded together
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
Arom
active range of motion
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
18 terms
Unit 3 Biology Vocabulary
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
C6H12O6+6O2--> 6CO2+6H2O+ATP... Occurs in the Chloroplast
6CO2+6H20+Sunlight--> C6H12O6+6O2
Requires oxygen; produces less energy (36-38 units of ATP)
Does not require oxygen; produces less energy (2 Units of ATP…
Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6+6O2--> 6CO2+6H2O+ATP... Occurs in the Chloroplast
Photosynthesis
6CO2+6H20+Sunlight--> C6H12O6+6O2
17 terms
Unit 3 Vocabulary Biology
Atom
Molecule
Solution
Solute
Smallest unit of an element
A group of atoms bonded together
A mixture that forms when one substance dissolves another.
Substance being dissolved
Atom
Smallest unit of an element
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
21 terms
MVHS Biology Unit 3 (2015)-- Cell cycle
mitosis
phases of mitosis
prophase
prophase (picture)
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides into two…
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
the part of mitosis when chromosomes become visible and spind…
mitosis
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides into two…
phases of mitosis
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
50 terms
Biology Unit 3
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
Chromosomes line up along the middle of the cell.
Chromatids separate and begin to move to opposite ends of the…
Interphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Prophase
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
18 terms
Biology Unit 3
Robert Hooke
cell
prokaryote
eukaryote
Discovered cells
Basic unit of life
Unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Robert Hooke
Discovered cells
cell
Basic unit of life
11 terms
Biology Keystone Unit 3 Vocabulary
chloroplast
mitochondrion
bioenergetics
cellular respiration
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
A membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
The study of energy flow (energy transformations) into and wi…
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
mitochondrion
A membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
8 terms
Keystone - Biology Unit 3 Bioenergetics
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Bioenergetics
Cellular Respiration
Chloroplast
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The study of energy flow (energy transformations) into and wi…
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Bioenergetics
The study of energy flow (energy transformations) into and wi…
22 terms
WHS Biology Unit 3: Ecology
Ecology... --ecología
Population... --populación
Community... --comunidad
Ecosystem... --ecosistema
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
group of individuals of the same species tht live in the same…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
all the organisms that live in a place, together with their n…
Ecology... --ecología
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Population... --populación
group of individuals of the same species tht live in the same…
26 terms
Biology Unit 3 2016
Homeostasis
lipid bilayer
passive transport
diffusion
Maintaining a constant internal environment
The double layered lipid membrane that surrounds a cell that…
The transportation of materials across a plasma membrane with…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Homeostasis
Maintaining a constant internal environment
lipid bilayer
The double layered lipid membrane that surrounds a cell that…
28 terms
Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Polymer (Macromolecules)
Monosaccharide (Carbohydrates)
Polysaccharide (Carbohydrates)
Starch (Carbohydrates)
The large compound that is formed from the joining of smaller…
•A simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate... •…
•The large macromolecules formed from monosaccharides ... •Eg: G…
•Polysaccharide stores energy in plants... •Eg: Animal starch/gl…
Polymer (Macromolecules)
The large compound that is formed from the joining of smaller…
Monosaccharide (Carbohydrates)
•A simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate... •…
55 terms
National 5 Biology Unit 3
Abiotic
Adaptation
aerobic
Algal bloom
Refers to physical factors, such as temperature and light int…
Feature of an organism that helps it to survive.
In the presence of, or involving the use of, oxygen.
A seasonal abundance of algae.
Abiotic
Refers to physical factors, such as temperature and light int…
Adaptation
Feature of an organism that helps it to survive.
18 terms
DC Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary List 3
Active Transport
Sodium-Potassium Pump
Polypeptides
Polysaccharides
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of animal cells th…
Long chains of amino acids that will eventually be folded to…
Carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharid…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Sodium-Potassium Pump
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of animal cells th…
78 terms
Biology Unit 3
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
End of Meosis I (and Cytokenesis I)
Prophase I
Metaphase I
HS Biology Unit 3 Cells Vocab
Cell
Organelle
Nucleus
Cell Wall
Any of the membrane-bounded compartments of which all living…
One of the tiny, membrane-bounded organs with various special…
The organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains thechromosome…
(1) in some eukaryotic cells, a rigid capsule enclosing the p…
Cell
Any of the membrane-bounded compartments of which all living…
Organelle
One of the tiny, membrane-bounded organs with various special…
21 terms
Unit 3 Biology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
control center of the cell, manages cell functions and stores…
Produces ribosomes
site of protein synthesis, makes proteins for the cell
has ribosomes, a passage way that sends and delivers proteins…
Nucleus
control center of the cell, manages cell functions and stores…
Nucleolus
Produces ribosomes
16 terms
Biology Review Unit 3
Atom
Molecule
Solution
Solute
Basic unit of matter
A group of atoms bonded together
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
44 terms
Unit 3 Biology Vocabulary (Only)
Allele
Dihybrid Cross
Dominant Allele
Gene
One part of a gene or trait that is inherited from each parent
A cross between two organisms that differ in two traits
The allele that requires only one of its type to be present f…
A discreet unit of hereditary information
Allele
One part of a gene or trait that is inherited from each parent
Dihybrid Cross
A cross between two organisms that differ in two traits
11 terms
Biology Keystone Unit 3 Vocabulary
chloroplast
mitochondrion
bioenergetics
cellular respiration
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
A membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
The study of energy flow (energy transformations) into and wi…
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
mitochondrion
A membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
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