Study sets matching "exam vocabulary unit 3 cells biology"

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Study sets matching "exam vocabulary unit 3 cells biology"

34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
32 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell
Multicellular
Organ
Tissue
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
composed of many cells
a group of different tissues that work together to perform a…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and that work…
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
Multicellular
composed of many cells
60 terms
RHS Biology Unit 3 Cells
Parts to the cell theory
Compound Light Microscope
Microscope Parts (memorize these!)
Robert Hooke
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Basic unit of stru…
Tool used to magnify microscopic organisms to be able to view…
First to discover cells while looking at cork tissue.
Parts to the cell theory
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Basic unit of stru…
Compound Light Microscope
Tool used to magnify microscopic organisms to be able to view…
32 terms
Unit 3 - Cell biology
Organelle
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosome
A membrane-bound cell structure that carries out a specific f…
The control center of the cell - contains and protects your D…
Structure found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
An important piece of cell machinery composed of RNA and prot…
Organelle
A membrane-bound cell structure that carries out a specific f…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell - contains and protects your D…
22 terms
Cells Unit 3 Biology
Chloroplast
Cell Membrane
Polarity
Phospholipid
collects sunlight for photosynthesis. Found only in a plant c…
Allows some molecules to enter and leave the cell.
Helps water to dissolve substances.
Structure that makes up a cell membrane
Chloroplast
collects sunlight for photosynthesis. Found only in a plant c…
Cell Membrane
Allows some molecules to enter and leave the cell.
25 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Organelle
Cell Membrane
Single-celled microorganism that lacks a nucleus
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleus
Specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
This is a thin, flexible barrier around the cell. This regula…
Prokaryote
Single-celled microorganism that lacks a nucleus
Eukaryote
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleus
87 terms
Unit 3 Cells - Honors Biology
organelle
nucleus (6)
ribosome (4)
cell membrane (9)
tiny structure that performs a specialized function (or job)…
Holds & protects the genetic information of the cell.
Where proteins are made
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
organelle
tiny structure that performs a specialized function (or job)…
nucleus (6)
Holds & protects the genetic information of the cell.
28 terms
Biology : Unit 3 Cells / Organelles
CELL
CELL THEORY
NUCLEOLUS
CYTOPLASM
a small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic…
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
dark area visible in the nucleus of non-dividing eukaryotic c…
area in a cell between the nucleus and cell membrane where th…
CELL
a small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic…
CELL THEORY
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
35 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Theory
nucleus
ribosomes
Basic unit of life
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Theory
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
27 terms
Biology Unit 3: Cells
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane or cell membrane
organelle
smallest structural and functional unit of an organism
all living things are made of cells, that cells are the basic…
semipermeable membrane surround the cytoplasm of the cell
A subunit within a cell that has a specialized function.
cell
smallest structural and functional unit of an organism
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, that cells are the basic…
31 terms
Biology Unit 3 Cells
Cell Theory
Cell
Nucleus
Eukaryote
Cells are the basic units of life... All livings things are made…
Basic unit of living things
The center of the cell that contains genetic material (DNA)
A cell with a defined nucleus
Cell Theory
Cells are the basic units of life... All livings things are made…
Cell
Basic unit of living things
Cell Review, Biology Unit 3
diffusion
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
hypertonic
The movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
The diffusion of molecules through a protein channel.
This is when the solution outside the cell has a HIGHER conce…
diffusion
The movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
osmosis
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
Biology - Unit 3: Cells
eukaryote
cell membrane
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
A type of organism composed of one or more cells containing a…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
eukaryote
A type of organism composed of one or more cells containing a…
cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Unit 3 Cell Biology
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
reasons for asexual cell division
reasons for sexual cell division
requires only one parent, offspring are clones
two parents, offspring similar to parents, some variations, s…
reproduction of unicellular organism, growth of a multi cellu…
sperm and egg production
asexual reproduction
requires only one parent, offspring are clones
sexual reproduction
two parents, offspring similar to parents, some variations, s…
Biology Unit-3 Cells and Energy Vocabulary
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
A molecule used to provide energy for a cell.
Process that captures light energy and turns it into glucose.
An organelle where photosynthesis occurs in a plant cell.
A photopigment used to absorb light energy.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule used to provide energy for a cell.
Photosynthesis
Process that captures light energy and turns it into glucose.
HS Biology Unit 3 Cells Vocab
Cell
Organelle
Nucleus
Cell Wall
Any of the membrane-bounded compartments of which all living…
One of the tiny, membrane-bounded organs with various special…
The organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains thechromosome…
(1) in some eukaryotic cells, a rigid capsule enclosing the p…
Cell
Any of the membrane-bounded compartments of which all living…
Organelle
One of the tiny, membrane-bounded organs with various special…
21 terms
MVHS Biology Unit 3 (2015)-- Cell cycle
mitosis
phases of mitosis
prophase
prophase (picture)
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides into two…
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
the part of mitosis when chromosomes become visible and spind…
mitosis
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides into two…
phases of mitosis
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Cells- Biology Unit 3
Cell
Organism
Unicellular
Multicellular
a membrane covered structure that contains all of the necessa…
anything that can live on their own
made of only one cell
made of more than one cell
Cell
a membrane covered structure that contains all of the necessa…
Organism
anything that can live on their own
Biology Unit 3 [Cells]
Cell
Cell Theory (3 Parts)
Organelle
Eukaryote
the basic unit of life
1) All cells come from other cells... 2) All organisms are made…
Tiny structures in a cell with specialised jobs
Cells with a nucleus i.e. animals and plants, much bigger
Cell
the basic unit of life
Cell Theory (3 Parts)
1) All cells come from other cells... 2) All organisms are made…
42 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
characteristics of life
cell theory
endosymbiotic theory
fluid mosaic model
order... regulation (homeostasis)... growth and development... energy…
all living things are composed of cells (the cell is the basi…
mitochondria and chloroplasts were once small prokaryotes tha…
membrane is a mosaic because of diverse protein molecules emb…
characteristics of life
order... regulation (homeostasis)... growth and development... energy…
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells (the cell is the basi…
60 terms
Unit 3 Biology: Cells
Anton Van Leeuenhoek
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
Matthias Shleiden
1600's... Developed 1st microscope... saw tiny things in a drop of…
looked at a cork, saw tiny squares that looked like the monks…
First to see cell nucleus
proved all plants were made of cells
Anton Van Leeuenhoek
1600's... Developed 1st microscope... saw tiny things in a drop of…
Robert Hooke
looked at a cork, saw tiny squares that looked like the monks…
Cell Review, Biology Unit 3
ATP
phootosynthesis
chloropyll
thylakoids
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
a process that captures energy form sunlight to make sugars t…
a molecule in chloroplasts that absorbs some of the energy in…
contain chlorophyll, other light-absorbing molecules, and pro…
ATP
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
phootosynthesis
a process that captures energy form sunlight to make sugars t…
17 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
the gel-like material or protoplasm within a living cell, exc…
a microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the…
Cell Theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Chloroplast
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
55 terms
Biology Unit 3- The Cell
Anton van Leeuenhoek
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
Matthias Schleiden
developed 1st microscope and saw tiny moving things in a drop…
looked at a piece of cork and saw tiny squares, which were ac…
first to see the cell nucleus
proved all plants were made of cells
Anton van Leeuenhoek
developed 1st microscope and saw tiny moving things in a drop…
Robert Hooke
looked at a piece of cork and saw tiny squares, which were ac…
52 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology Terms
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell Theory
Bacteria
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the b…
A diverse domain of... prokaryotes that contain... peptidoglycan in…
Prokaryote
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
Eukaryote
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
71 terms
Unit 3 Vocabulary - Cell Biology
Cell
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Cell wall
The basic unit of all forms of life
One of the fundamental concepts of biology, stating that all…
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell
A strong layer around the cell membrane possessed by many cells
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell theory
One of the fundamental concepts of biology, stating that all…
28 terms
Unit 3 vocabulary cell biology
Compound Light Microscope
Specimen
Field of Vision
Eyepiece
An instrument that uses two sets of lenses and a light source…
the object you are looking at under the microscope
everything you can see when you look through the microscope
Part you look through
Compound Light Microscope
An instrument that uses two sets of lenses and a light source…
Specimen
the object you are looking at under the microscope
Biology: Unit 3 Cells
Why are cells so small?
All cells have
Plasma (Cell) membrane
Cytoplasm
to increase surface area to volume ratio
cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Chromosomes, Ribosomes
(All) outer membrane surrounds cell, regulates passage of oxy…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Why are cells so small?
to increase surface area to volume ratio
All cells have
cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Chromosomes, Ribosomes
22 terms
Biology-Unit 3-Cells
Microscope- magnification, parts
What is a Cell?
Hooke
Van Leeuwenhoek
Objectives ... -High-Power ... -Low power
A cell is the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all o…
saw boxes in cork-small rooms called cells. cell wall identif…
1st to see living cells (pond water)
Microscope- magnification, parts
Objectives ... -High-Power ... -Low power
What is a Cell?
A cell is the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all o…
Biology Unit 3:Cells
Robert Hooke
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Jakob Schleiden
Theodore Schwann
Scientist who first identified and named cells in 1665
Made better lenses and was first to observe cells in greater…
Scientist first to note that plants are made of cells in 1838
Concluded that all living things are made of cells in 1839
Robert Hooke
Scientist who first identified and named cells in 1665
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Made better lenses and was first to observe cells in greater…
Unit 3: Cell Biology (Part 1)
Cell
Multicellular
Organ
Tissue
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
composed of many cells
a group of different tissues that work together to perform a…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and that work…
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
Multicellular
composed of many cells
40 terms
Biology Unit 3 Cells Vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
Basic unit of all living things
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
cell
Basic unit of all living things
cell theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Biology vocabulary unit 3: Cells
Cell theory
Diffusion
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
Fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
Process by which particles tend to move from an area to where…
An organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other organelle…
Any of the typically unicellular microorganism that lack a di…
Cell theory
Fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
Diffusion
Process by which particles tend to move from an area to where…
33 terms
Unit 3- Cell Biology Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
basic unit of all forms of life
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
Cell
basic unit of all forms of life
Cell Theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
40 terms
Cells Unit 3 Biology Elkhorn High School
Three components of the "cell theory":
Cell/plamsa Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
"bouncer of cell" ... selectively permeable - it allows only cer…
control center for the cell and houses genetic information (D…
proteins are made by the......... found in plant, animals and ba…
Three components of the "cell theory":
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell/plamsa Membrane
"bouncer of cell" ... selectively permeable - it allows only cer…
Cells Unit 3 Biology
Chloroplast
Cell Membrane
Polarity
Phospholipid
collects sunlight for photosynthesis. Found only in a plant c…
Allows some molecules to enter and leave the cell.
Helps water to dissolve substances.
Structure that makes up a cell membrane
Chloroplast
collects sunlight for photosynthesis. Found only in a plant c…
Cell Membrane
Allows some molecules to enter and leave the cell.
48 terms
Biology Honors Unit 3: Cell Biology
Ribosomes
Leeuwenhoek
Hooke
Phospholipid
Organelle that makes proteins
First person to use a microscope to observe living cells
First person to use a microscope to observe dead cells in cork
Cell membrane component that has a polar phosphate head and t…
Ribosomes
Organelle that makes proteins
Leeuwenhoek
First person to use a microscope to observe living cells
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell theory
Microscopes
Surface area of cell
Differences between plant and animal c…
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
Light Microscope (LM)- light; Electron Microscope (EM)- SEM (…
Important for carrying out the cell's functions; small cell h…
Animal- lysosomes, centrioles; Plant- cell walls, chloroplast…
Cell theory
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
Microscopes
Light Microscope (LM)- light; Electron Microscope (EM)- SEM (…
Biology: Unit 3 Cells
Cell
Organelle
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
The basic unit of life
Membrane bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
A cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane bound o…
A cell that has a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
Cell
The basic unit of life
Organelle
Membrane bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Unit 3: Cell Biology
prokaryote
eukaryote
cell theory
bacteria
a single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus…
a multi-celled organism consisting of a distinct nucleus
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
a diverse domain of prokaryotes that contain peptidoglycan in…
prokaryote
a single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus…
eukaryote
a multi-celled organism consisting of a distinct nucleus
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell
Multicellular
Organ
Tissue
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
composed of many cells
a group of different tissues that work together to perform a…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and that work…
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
Multicellular
composed of many cells
16 terms
Biology Unit 3-4 Cells Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jelly-like substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or any other membrane-bound…
a cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jelly-like substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
82 terms
Biology Unit 3: The Cell
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
-invented the light microscope... -a Dutch drapery store owner,…
-used compound light microscope to study cork cells... -named ce…
-observed a variety of plants... -concluded that all plants are…
-made similar observations on animals... -concluded that all ani…
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
-invented the light microscope... -a Dutch drapery store owner,…
Robert Hooke
-used compound light microscope to study cork cells... -named ce…
37 terms
Unit 3 Terms: Cell Biology
cell
domain
cell theory
prokaryote
The basic unit of life.
The highest level of taxonomic organization recognized in bio…
The theory that states that all organisms are made of cells,…
A cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound o…
cell
The basic unit of life.
domain
The highest level of taxonomic organization recognized in bio…
25 terms
Unit 3 Day 3 Cell Biology Vocabulary
RNA Transcript
RNA Polymerase
Gene Expression
Transcription
RNA molecule produced by transcription that is complementary…
Enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of an RNA molecule from a…
The process by which a gene makes a product that is useful to…
Process in which RNA polymerase uses one strand of DNA as a t…
RNA Transcript
RNA molecule produced by transcription that is complementary…
RNA Polymerase
Enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of an RNA molecule from a…
48 terms
Biology Unit 3 : Cells
Cells
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Monera (Bacteria)
Living unicellular things which are the basic units for life…
No nucleus, has basic organelles, the smallest of the cells a…
Has a. . .... Nucleus, a cell membrane, cytoplasm with organs. C…
Prokaryotic & unicellular
Cells
Living unicellular things which are the basic units for life…
Prokaryotic
No nucleus, has basic organelles, the smallest of the cells a…
33 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Cells
Light Microscope
TEM
SEM
Procaryote
uses light ... power of magnification can be changed... limits spec…
Transmission Electron Microscope... 500,000x original size... only…
Scanning Electron Microscope... 3-D imaging... lower magnification…
Single celled organism that lacks... a nucleus... mitochondria... o…
Light Microscope
uses light ... power of magnification can be changed... limits spec…
TEM
Transmission Electron Microscope... 500,000x original size... only…
42 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Cells
Light Microscope
TEM
SEM
Procaryote
uses light ... power of magnification can be changed... limits spec…
Transmission Electron Microscope... 500,000x original size... only…
Scanning Electron Microscope... 3-D imaging... lower magnification…
Single celled organism that lacks... a nucleus... mitochondria... o…
Light Microscope
uses light ... power of magnification can be changed... limits spec…
TEM
Transmission Electron Microscope... 500,000x original size... only…
Biology Cell Unit 3
Robert Hooke
Fracesco Redi
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
1665: Looked through a microscope and found 'empty' rooms and…
1668: Disproved spontaneous generation (the idea that life co…
1670: Saw tiny living organisms in water
1838: Determined that all plants are made up of cells
Robert Hooke
1665: Looked through a microscope and found 'empty' rooms and…
Fracesco Redi
1668: Disproved spontaneous generation (the idea that life co…
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