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Study sets matching "exam vocabulary unit 3 cells biology"

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Study sets matching "exam vocabulary unit 3 cells biology"

34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
60 terms
RHS Biology Unit 3 Cells
Parts to the cell theory
Compound Light Microscope
Microscope Parts (memorize these!)
Robert Hooke
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Basic unit of stru…
Tool used to magnify microscopic organisms to be able to view…
First to discover cells while looking at cork tissue.
Parts to the cell theory
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Basic unit of stru…
Compound Light Microscope
Tool used to magnify microscopic organisms to be able to view…
32 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell
Multicellular
Organ
Tissue
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
composed of many cells
a group of different tissues that work together to perform a…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and that work…
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
Multicellular
composed of many cells
22 terms
Cells Unit 3 Biology
Chloroplast
Cell Membrane
Polarity
Phospholipid
collects sunlight for photosynthesis. Found only in a plant c…
Allows some molecules to enter and leave the cell.
Helps water to dissolve substances.
Structure that makes up a cell membrane
Chloroplast
collects sunlight for photosynthesis. Found only in a plant c…
Cell Membrane
Allows some molecules to enter and leave the cell.
34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
87 terms
Unit 3 Cells - Honors Biology
organelle
nucleus (6)
ribosome (4)
cell membrane (9)
tiny structure that performs a specialized function (or job)…
Holds & protects the genetic information of the cell.
Where proteins are made
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
organelle
tiny structure that performs a specialized function (or job)…
nucleus (6)
Holds & protects the genetic information of the cell.
32 terms
Unit 3 - Cell biology
Organelle
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosome
A membrane-bound cell structure that carries out a specific f…
The control center of the cell - contains and protects your D…
Structure found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
An important piece of cell machinery composed of RNA and prot…
Organelle
A membrane-bound cell structure that carries out a specific f…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell - contains and protects your D…
28 terms
Biology : Unit 3 Cells / Organelles
CELL
CELL THEORY
NUCLEOLUS
CYTOPLASM
a small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic…
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
dark area visible in the nucleus of non-dividing eukaryotic c…
area in a cell between the nucleus and cell membrane where th…
CELL
a small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic…
CELL THEORY
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
35 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Theory
nucleus
ribosomes
Basic unit of life
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Theory
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
25 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Organelle
Cell Membrane
Single-celled microorganism that lacks a nucleus
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleus
Specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
This is a thin, flexible barrier around the cell. This regula…
Prokaryote
Single-celled microorganism that lacks a nucleus
Eukaryote
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleus
42 terms
Cell Review, Biology Unit 3
diffusion
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
hypertonic
The movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
The diffusion of molecules through a protein channel.
This is when the solution outside the cell has a HIGHER conce…
diffusion
The movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
osmosis
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
27 terms
Biology Unit 3: Cells
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane or cell membrane
organelle
smallest structural and functional unit of an organism
all living things are made of cells, that cells are the basic…
semipermeable membrane surround the cytoplasm of the cell
A subunit within a cell that has a specialized function.
cell
smallest structural and functional unit of an organism
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, that cells are the basic…
31 terms
Biology Unit 3 Cells
Cell Theory
Cell
Nucleus
Eukaryote
Cells are the basic units of life... All livings things are made…
Basic unit of living things
The center of the cell that contains genetic material (DNA)
A cell with a defined nucleus
Cell Theory
Cells are the basic units of life... All livings things are made…
Cell
Basic unit of living things
HS Biology Unit 3 Cells Vocab
Cell
Organelle
Nucleus
Cell Wall
Any of the membrane-bounded compartments of which all living…
One of the tiny, membrane-bounded organs with various special…
The organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains thechromosome…
(1) in some eukaryotic cells, a rigid capsule enclosing the p…
Cell
Any of the membrane-bounded compartments of which all living…
Organelle
One of the tiny, membrane-bounded organs with various special…
21 terms
MVHS Biology Unit 3 (2015)-- Cell cycle
mitosis
phases of mitosis
prophase
prophase (picture)
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides into two…
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
the part of mitosis when chromosomes become visible and spind…
mitosis
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides into two…
phases of mitosis
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
50 terms
Cell Review, Biology Unit 3
ATP
phootosynthesis
chloropyll
thylakoids
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
a process that captures energy form sunlight to make sugars t…
a molecule in chloroplasts that absorbs some of the energy in…
contain chlorophyll, other light-absorbing molecules, and pro…
ATP
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
phootosynthesis
a process that captures energy form sunlight to make sugars t…
Biology Unit-3 Cells and Energy Vocabulary
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
A molecule used to provide energy for a cell.
Process that captures light energy and turns it into glucose.
An organelle where photosynthesis occurs in a plant cell.
A photopigment used to absorb light energy.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule used to provide energy for a cell.
Photosynthesis
Process that captures light energy and turns it into glucose.
107 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
reasons for asexual cell division
reasons for sexual cell division
requires only one parent, offspring are clones
two parents, offspring similar to parents, some variations, s…
reproduction of unicellular organism, growth of a multi cellu…
sperm and egg production
asexual reproduction
requires only one parent, offspring are clones
sexual reproduction
two parents, offspring similar to parents, some variations, s…
37 terms
Unit 3 - Cell Biology
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
> Site of ribosome production and synthesis... > Makes rRNA (RNA…
> Tiny spherical ... > Protein synthesis (told how by RNA)... > Fre…
> Bilayer of phospholipids embedded with variety of proteins…
> Only plants, fungi, and bacteria have it... > Cellulose... > Ridg…
Nucleolus
> Site of ribosome production and synthesis... > Makes rRNA (RNA…
Ribosomes
> Tiny spherical ... > Protein synthesis (told how by RNA)... > Fre…
46 terms
Biology Unit 3 [Cells]
Cell
Cell Theory (3 Parts)
Organelle
Eukaryote
the basic unit of life
1) All cells come from other cells... 2) All organisms are made…
Tiny structures in a cell with specialised jobs
Cells with a nucleus i.e. animals and plants, much bigger
Cell
the basic unit of life
Cell Theory (3 Parts)
1) All cells come from other cells... 2) All organisms are made…
32 terms
Biology Unit3 Cells
Cells were first observed and describe…
The cell theory has three parts, first…
The second part of the cell theory is:…
The third part of the cell theory is:…
Robert Hooke
cells
living things
function of living things
Cells were first observed and describe…
Robert Hooke
The cell theory has three parts, first…
cells
77 terms
Biology- Unit 3 Cells
Cell Theory
MR. H GREN
Paramecium
Chlorella
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. Cells a…
Metabolism, response, homeostasis, growth, reproduction, excr…
important unicellular member of the kingdom called a Protista…
single-celled organism, uses photosynthesis for nutrients, ma…
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. Cells a…
MR. H GREN
Metabolism, response, homeostasis, growth, reproduction, excr…
42 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
characteristics of life
cell theory
endosymbiotic theory
fluid mosaic model
order... regulation (homeostasis)... growth and development... energy…
all living things are composed of cells (the cell is the basi…
mitochondria and chloroplasts were once small prokaryotes tha…
membrane is a mosaic because of diverse protein molecules emb…
characteristics of life
order... regulation (homeostasis)... growth and development... energy…
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells (the cell is the basi…
60 terms
Unit 3 Biology: Cells
Anton Van Leeuenhoek
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
Matthias Shleiden
1600's... Developed 1st microscope... saw tiny things in a drop of…
looked at a cork, saw tiny squares that looked like the monks…
First to see cell nucleus
proved all plants were made of cells
Anton Van Leeuenhoek
1600's... Developed 1st microscope... saw tiny things in a drop of…
Robert Hooke
looked at a cork, saw tiny squares that looked like the monks…
25 terms
Biology Unit 3 Cells Structure and Functions
ctyo
endo
iso
hypo
cell
within
equal
below
ctyo
cell
endo
within
23 terms
Unit 3 Vocabulary: Cell Biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Phospholipid
Organelle
Cell That doesn't have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles
Molecule that forms a double-layered cell membrane; consists…
Membrane-bound structure that is specialized to per form a di…
Prokaryote
Cell That doesn't have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
Eukaryote
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles
17 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
the gel-like material or protoplasm within a living cell, exc…
a microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the…
Cell Theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Chloroplast
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
32 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology (Part 1)
Cell
Multicellular
Organ
Tissue
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
composed of many cells
a group of different tissues that work together to perform a…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and that work…
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
Multicellular
composed of many cells
48 terms
Biology Honors Unit 3: Cell Biology
Ribosomes
Leeuwenhoek
Hooke
Phospholipid
Organelle that makes proteins
First person to observe living cells
Observed dead cells in cork
Cell membrane component that has a polar phosphate head and t…
Ribosomes
Organelle that makes proteins
Leeuwenhoek
First person to observe living cells
Biology Unit 3: Cells
prokaryote
eukaryote
cell
plasma/cell membrane
- has no nucleus... - all bacteria... - unicellular... - more primitive
- has organelles + a nucleus... - plants and animals... - multicell…
the basic unit of life
- is made of a phospholipid bilayer... - provides protection and…
prokaryote
- has no nucleus... - all bacteria... - unicellular... - more primitive
eukaryote
- has organelles + a nucleus... - plants and animals... - multicell…
55 terms
Biology Unit 3- The Cell
Anton van Leeuenhoek
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
Matthias Schleiden
developed 1st microscope and saw tiny moving things in a drop…
looked at a piece of cork and saw tiny squares, which were ac…
first to see the cell nucleus
proved all plants were made of cells
Anton van Leeuenhoek
developed 1st microscope and saw tiny moving things in a drop…
Robert Hooke
looked at a piece of cork and saw tiny squares, which were ac…
40 terms
Cells Unit 3 Biology Elkhorn High School
Three components of the "cell theory":
Cell/plamsa Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
"bouncer of cell" ... selectively permeable - it allows only cer…
control center for the cell and houses genetic information (D…
proteins are made by the......... found in plant, animals and ba…
Three components of the "cell theory":
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell/plamsa Membrane
"bouncer of cell" ... selectively permeable - it allows only cer…
41 terms
Biology: Unit 3 Cells
Why are cells so small?
All cells have
Plasma (Cell) membrane
Cytoplasm
to increase surface area to volume ratio
cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Chromosomes, Ribosomes
(All) outer membrane surrounds cell, regulates passage of oxy…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Why are cells so small?
to increase surface area to volume ratio
All cells have
cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Chromosomes, Ribosomes
52 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology Terms
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell Theory
Bacteria
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the b…
A diverse domain of... prokaryotes that contain... peptidoglycan in…
Prokaryote
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
Eukaryote
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
32 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
59 terms
Cell Structure Vocabulary (unit 3 biology)
cell theory
common features in ALL cells
Prokaryotes DO NOT contain internal co…
cell membrane
all living things are made of cells, cells are the basic unit…
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, ribosomes, DNA
Single celled, lack nucleus, lack organelles, DNA, Bacteria
Is a barrier that separates a cell from the external environm…
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, cells are the basic unit…
common features in ALL cells
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, ribosomes, DNA
71 terms
Biology Unit 3:Cells
Robert Hooke
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Jakob Schleiden
Theodore Schwann
Scientist who first identified and named cells in 1665
Made better lenses and was first to observe cells in greater…
Scientist first to note that plants are made of cells in 1838
Concluded that all living things are made of cells in 1839
Robert Hooke
Scientist who first identified and named cells in 1665
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Made better lenses and was first to observe cells in greater…
20 terms
Cells- Biology Unit 3
Cell
Organism
Unicellular
Multicellular
a membrane covered structure that contains all of the necessa…
anything that can live on their own
made of only one cell
made of more than one cell
Cell
a membrane covered structure that contains all of the necessa…
Organism
anything that can live on their own
26 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell theory
Microscopes
Surface area of cell
Differences between plant and animal c…
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
Light Microscope (LM)- light; Electron Microscope (EM)- SEM (…
Important for carrying out the cell's functions; small cell h…
Animal- lysosomes, centrioles; Plant- cell walls, chloroplast…
Cell theory
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
Microscopes
Light Microscope (LM)- light; Electron Microscope (EM)- SEM (…
16 terms
Biology Unit 3-4 Cells Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jelly-like substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or any other membrane-bound…
a cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jelly-like substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
78 terms
Biology: Unit 3 Cells
Cell
Organelle
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
The basic unit of life
Membrane bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
A cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane bound o…
A cell that has a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
Cell
The basic unit of life
Organelle
Membrane bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Cells Unit 3 Biology
Chloroplast
Cell Membrane
Polarity
Phospholipid
collects sunlight for photosynthesis. Found only in a plant c…
Allows some molecules to enter and leave the cell.
Helps water to dissolve substances.
Structure that makes up a cell membrane
Chloroplast
collects sunlight for photosynthesis. Found only in a plant c…
Cell Membrane
Allows some molecules to enter and leave the cell.
Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cell
Multicellular
Organ
Tissue
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
composed of many cells
a group of different tissues that work together to perform a…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and that work…
Cell
The basic unit of life, which all living things are made
Multicellular
composed of many cells
25 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Light Microscope
Plasma Membrane
The basic unit of life.
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A light microscope uses focused light and lenses to magnify a…
The cell's outer membrane, made up of a two layers of phospho…
Cell
The basic unit of life.
Cell Theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
14 terms
Unit 3: Cell Biology Vocabulary
active transport
cell membrane/plasma membrane
cell wall
centriole
energy requiring process by which substances move across the…
flexible, selectively permeable boundary that helps control w…
in plants, the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of th…
organelle that plays a role in cell division and is made of m…
active transport
energy requiring process by which substances move across the…
cell membrane/plasma membrane
flexible, selectively permeable boundary that helps control w…
48 terms
Biology Unit 3 : Cells
Cells
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Monera (Bacteria)
Living unicellular things which are the basic units for life…
No nucleus, has basic organelles, the smallest of the cells a…
Has a. . .... Nucleus, a cell membrane, cytoplasm with organs. C…
Prokaryotic & unicellular
Cells
Living unicellular things which are the basic units for life…
Prokaryotic
No nucleus, has basic organelles, the smallest of the cells a…
37 terms
Biology Cell Unit 3
Robert Hooke
Fracesco Redi
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
1665: Looked through a microscope and found 'empty' rooms and…
1668: Disproved spontaneous generation (the idea that life co…
1670: Saw tiny living organisms in water
1838: Determined that all plants are made up of cells
Robert Hooke
1665: Looked through a microscope and found 'empty' rooms and…
Fracesco Redi
1668: Disproved spontaneous generation (the idea that life co…
71 terms
Unit 3 Vocabulary - Cell Biology
Cell
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Cell wall
The basic unit of all forms of life
One of the fundamental concepts of biology, stating that all…
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell
A strong layer around the cell membrane possessed by many cells
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell theory
One of the fundamental concepts of biology, stating that all…
33 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Cells
Light Microscope
TEM
SEM
Procaryote
uses light ... power of magnification can be changed... limits spec…
Transmission Electron Microscope... 500,000x original size... only…
Scanning Electron Microscope... 3-D imaging... lower magnification…
Single celled organism that lacks... a nucleus... mitochondria... o…
Light Microscope
uses light ... power of magnification can be changed... limits spec…
TEM
Transmission Electron Microscope... 500,000x original size... only…
42 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Cells
Light Microscope
TEM
SEM
Procaryote
uses light ... power of magnification can be changed... limits spec…
Transmission Electron Microscope... 500,000x original size... only…
Scanning Electron Microscope... 3-D imaging... lower magnification…
Single celled organism that lacks... a nucleus... mitochondria... o…
Light Microscope
uses light ... power of magnification can be changed... limits spec…
TEM
Transmission Electron Microscope... 500,000x original size... only…
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