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Study sets matching "excretory anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "excretory anatomy physiology"

9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Excretory System
Organs of the excretory system
Two parts of renal pelvis
Two regions of kidney
Renin
Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
Major calyx and minor calyx
Medulla (pyramids) and cortex (columns)
Secreted by kidney to regulate blood pressure
Organs of the excretory system
Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
Two parts of renal pelvis
Major calyx and minor calyx
8 terms
anatomy & physiology: excretory system
what do kidneys do?
what is the basic functional unit of t…
what does the renal tubule do?
what kind of transport if involved in…
remove waste from blood stream. always have massive amounts o…
nephron - contains renal corpuscle which is made of a bowman'…
collects fluid from glomerulus. active transport eliminates u…
active transport
what do kidneys do?
remove waste from blood stream. always have massive amounts o…
what is the basic functional unit of t…
nephron - contains renal corpuscle which is made of a bowman'…
28 terms
Anatomy and physiology: The Excretory system
What does the LUNGS remove?
What does the SKIN remove?
What does the urinary portion remove?
What is the urinary system?
-co2... -water
-water ... -salt ... -other toxins
-nitrogenous wastes... -xs water, salts etc
-Organ system that stores and eliminates urine
What does the LUNGS remove?
-co2... -water
What does the SKIN remove?
-water ... -salt ... -other toxins
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Excretory System Unit
the excretory system consists of...
the integumentary system (IS) consists…
functions of the IS
layers of skin
...the integumentary system and the urinary system
...skin, hair, and nails
-protection from bacterial illness, mechanical injury, and he…
epidermis... dermis... subcutaneous layer
the excretory system consists of...
...the integumentary system and the urinary system
the integumentary system (IS) consists…
...skin, hair, and nails
32 terms
Excretory functional anatomy/renal physiology
renal cortex
renal medulla
cortical nephron
juxtamedullary nephrons
the outer portion of the kidney between the renal capsule and…
is the innermost part of the kidney. is split up into a numbe…
have their Loop of Henle in the renal medulla near its juncti…
their renal corpuscle is located near the medulla
renal cortex
the outer portion of the kidney between the renal capsule and…
renal medulla
is the innermost part of the kidney. is split up into a numbe…
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Excretory test bruh
What does the excretory system do?
Excretory system
By products of cellular activity
What are the four main dam organs of e…
It rids your body of cellular-metabolic wastes (body-function…
Helps maintain homeostasis ... *removes excess h20, urea, C02, t…
ex: NH3 = urea = from breakdown of proteins ... ex: C02 = from c…
lungs, skin, liver, and kidneys
What does the excretory system do?
It rids your body of cellular-metabolic wastes (body-function…
Excretory system
Helps maintain homeostasis ... *removes excess h20, urea, C02, t…
46 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine And Excretory System
ductless glands
pituitary gland
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Gland
the endocrine glands that produces hormones
approximately the size of a grape and located in the brain
located at the base of neck, looks like a butterfly w/ two lo…
Tiny masses embedded to the thyroid gland at the base of the…
ductless glands
the endocrine glands that produces hormones
pituitary gland
approximately the size of a grape and located in the brain
5 terms
General Anatomy and Physiology: Excretory System
Kidneys
Liver
Skin
Large intestine
Exctetes urine
Discharges bile
Eliminates perspiration
Eliminates decomposed and undigested food
Kidneys
Exctetes urine
Liver
Discharges bile
47 terms
Endocrine and Excretory Systems (Anatomy and Physiology)
Endocrine System
Organs of the Endocrine System
Positive Feedback
Negative Feedback
coordinates and directs the activity of the body's cell
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, parathyroid glands, thyroid, t…
a process in which an initial change will bring about an addi…
when a process influences the operation of the process itself…
Endocrine System
coordinates and directs the activity of the body's cell
Organs of the Endocrine System
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, parathyroid glands, thyroid, t…
34 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Excretory & Urinary Systems Vocabulary
bowmans capsule
ureters
kidneys
glomerulus
a part of each nephron which collects the liquid wast filtere…
sends the urine from the tissue funnels to the urinary bladder
two bean shaped organs located in the lower back; they have t…
a ball of capillaries which filters liquid wastes from the bl…
bowmans capsule
a part of each nephron which collects the liquid wast filtere…
ureters
sends the urine from the tissue funnels to the urinary bladder
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Excretory System 4.4
Excretion
Excretory system
Kidney
Kidney dialysis
the process of removing wastes from the body.
...m help to keep the correct balance of water and salts with…
...bove, the kidneys are two bean-shaped organs. Kidneysfilte…
...lysis is the process of filtering the blood of wastes usin…
Excretion
the process of removing wastes from the body.
Excretory system
...m help to keep the correct balance of water and salts with…
103 terms
Excretory Physiology
2 Functions of the Kidneys
Renal hilum
Renal artery
Renal vein
1. Selectively filter out waste from blood... 2. Selectively rea…
recessed central fissure through which vessels and nerves pas…
brings in dirty, oxygenated blood
takes out clean, oxygenated blood
2 Functions of the Kidneys
1. Selectively filter out waste from blood... 2. Selectively rea…
Renal hilum
recessed central fissure through which vessels and nerves pas…
103 terms
Excretory Physiology
2 Functions of the Kidneys
Renal hilum
Renal artery
Renal vein
1. Selectively filter out waste from blood... 2. Selectively rea…
recessed central fissure through which vessels and nerves pas…
brings in dirty, oxygenated blood
takes out clean, oxygenated blood
2 Functions of the Kidneys
1. Selectively filter out waste from blood... 2. Selectively rea…
Renal hilum
recessed central fissure through which vessels and nerves pas…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Excretory System P 2
Functions of the Excretory System
Functions of Kidney
2 Main Systems at Work
Blood Supply Function P1
Collect water and filter body fluids... Remove and concentrate w…
Regulate body composition by filtering/secreting toxins... Regul…
Blood supply and Nephrons
Blood enters kidney in order to get filtered and leaves the k…
Functions of the Excretory System
Collect water and filter body fluids... Remove and concentrate w…
Functions of Kidney
Regulate body composition by filtering/secreting toxins... Regul…
16 terms
Anatomy & Physiology III : Excretory/Urinary System Medical Terminology
azot/o
cyst/o
glomerul/o
glyc/o
nitrogen
urinary bladder
glomerulus
sugar
azot/o
nitrogen
cyst/o
urinary bladder
15 terms
Excretory Physiology
Bladder
Urther
Bowmans Capsulas & Glormerus
Cortex
sac-like structure that's holds urine
carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
area of filtration in the nephron
part of the kidney that contains the millions of nephrons
Bladder
sac-like structure that's holds urine
Urther
carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
16 terms
Anatomy and physiology- digestive, excretory, respiratory, integumentary, and reproductive systems
Digestive system
Digestive enzymes
Peristalsis
Digestion
Also called the gastrointestinal system responsible for chang…
Chemicals that change certain kinds of food into a form that…
Moving food along the digestive tract
Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical means
Digestive system
Also called the gastrointestinal system responsible for chang…
Digestive enzymes
Chemicals that change certain kinds of food into a form that…
28 terms
Excretory- Physiology
what are the three main steps of urine…
1. glomerular filtration
2. Tubular Reabsorption
3. Tubular Secretion
1. glomerular filtration ... 2. Tubular Re absorption ... 3. Tubula…
from the blood to the tubules (bowman's capsule)
from tubules back into blood "filtrate -> blood"
from blood back into filtrate " blood-->filtrate"
what are the three main steps of urine…
1. glomerular filtration ... 2. Tubular Re absorption ... 3. Tubula…
1. glomerular filtration
from the blood to the tubules (bowman's capsule)
14 terms
Excretory anatomy
gross anatomy
Microanatomy
Nephron
Bowman's capsule
kidney... ureters... bladdder... urethra
Nephron - function unit
Bowman's capsule... Proximal convoluted tubule (PCT)... Loop Henle…
a-parietal layer of the capsule... b-capsular space... c-glomerulus…
gross anatomy
kidney... ureters... bladdder... urethra
Microanatomy
Nephron - function unit
24 terms
Anatomy: Excretory
Kidneys locations
Functions of the kidneys
Nephrons
Functions of nephrons
high on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity and positi…
-removing metabolic wastes from the blood and excreting them…
functional unit of the kidneys
remove wastes from the blood and regulate the water balance a…
Kidneys locations
high on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity and positi…
Functions of the kidneys
-removing metabolic wastes from the blood and excreting them…
34 terms
Anatomy Excretory
bowmans capsule
ureters
kidneys
glomerulus
a part of each nephron which collects the liquid wast filtere…
sends the urine from the tissue funnels to the urinary bladder
two bean shaped organs located in the lower back; they have t…
a ball of capillaries which filters liquid wastes from the bl…
bowmans capsule
a part of each nephron which collects the liquid wast filtere…
ureters
sends the urine from the tissue funnels to the urinary bladder
17 terms
Excretory Anatomy
Renal Artery
Bowman's capsule
Nephron
Proximal convoluted tubule
Supplies blood carrying metabolic waste to the kidney
Epithelial layer surrounding the glomerulus that receives the…
The functional unit of the mammalian kidney
The first series of tubules following the bowman's capsule th…
Renal Artery
Supplies blood carrying metabolic waste to the kidney
Bowman's capsule
Epithelial layer surrounding the glomerulus that receives the…
anatomy excretory
funtions of urniary system
kidney function
ureters
urinary bladder
1regulates pH... 2control red blood cell production... 3maintain wa…
remove substances from blood to make urine
urine to kidney
holds urine
funtions of urniary system
1regulates pH... 2control red blood cell production... 3maintain wa…
kidney function
remove substances from blood to make urine
30 terms
excretory anatomy
what organ regulates the amount of wat…
what are the tubes that carry urine fr…
what stores the urine temporarily unti…
what is the tube that carries urine to…
kidneys
the ureters
the urinary bladder
the urethra
what organ regulates the amount of wat…
kidneys
what are the tubes that carry urine fr…
the ureters
54 terms
Chapter 14 Excretory (Physiology)
Flow of Urine
Structure of the Kidney
Nephrons
Capillaries are fenestrated
Ureters: transport urine from kidneys to bladder... Bladder: st…
Renal artery, Renal vein, Renal pelvis, Ureter, Cortex, Medul…
structural and functional units of the kidney. ... Each kidney h…
fenestrations' are pores that will allow larger molecules tho…
Flow of Urine
Ureters: transport urine from kidneys to bladder... Bladder: st…
Structure of the Kidney
Renal artery, Renal vein, Renal pelvis, Ureter, Cortex, Medul…
27 terms
Physiology of Excretory System
functions of excretory system
functions of kidney
nephrons function in kidney
main function of kidney
-collect water and filter body fluids... -remove waste from body…
-regulate blood comp. by filtering toxins... -regulate pH of blo…
filters blood and takes out wastes and excess water
filter blood and regulate body
functions of excretory system
-collect water and filter body fluids... -remove waste from body…
functions of kidney
-regulate blood comp. by filtering toxins... -regulate pH of blo…
42 terms
Excretory-Anatomy
define excretion:
what are the organs of excretion
the skin excretes...
the large intestine excretes...
the elimination of end products of metabolism
skin ... large intestine ... lungs ... kidneys
salts and water
undigested material
define excretion:
the elimination of end products of metabolism
what are the organs of excretion
skin ... large intestine ... lungs ... kidneys
14 terms
Physiology of Excretory System
Functions of the Excretory System
Erythropoietin
Afferent
Efferent
Collect water and filter body fluids,Remove and concentrate w…
Control the rate of RBC formation
to
away
Functions of the Excretory System
Collect water and filter body fluids,Remove and concentrate w…
Erythropoietin
Control the rate of RBC formation
43 terms
Principles of Physiology (excretory systems)
Four basic functions of the Excretory…
Amonotely
Ureotely
Uricotely
1. Internal levels of inorganic solutes... 2. Plasma water volum…
direct excretion of ammonia (fish), little energy
Excretion of urea (us), More energy
Excretion of uric acid (birds), lots of energy
Four basic functions of the Excretory…
1. Internal levels of inorganic solutes... 2. Plasma water volum…
Amonotely
direct excretion of ammonia (fish), little energy
21 terms
Anatomy Excretory System Vocabulary
1
2
3
4
where urine is ejected from the bladder and out of the body
inflammation of kidney
located near hilus, colllects urine flowing from calyxes
regulating salt levels through production of an enzyme (as we…
1
where urine is ejected from the bladder and out of the body
2
inflammation of kidney
16 terms
Human Physiology: Excretory System
Erythropoietin
Ureter
Sphincter
Urethra
A hormone that stimulates red blood cell formation.
The tube between the kidney and bladder.
Two muscles in the urinary system that help you release urine.
Tube that takes urine out of the bladder.
Erythropoietin
A hormone that stimulates red blood cell formation.
Ureter
The tube between the kidney and bladder.
45 terms
physiology of excretory system
functions of excretory system:
describe excretory system in one word:
functions of kidney?
how does the kidney regulate blood com…
collect water and filyer body fluids... remove and concentrate…
regulation
regulates:... blood composition... pH... RBC... blood pressure... calcium ab…
by filtering and secreting toxins
functions of excretory system:
collect water and filyer body fluids... remove and concentrate…
describe excretory system in one word:
regulation
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
form determines
metabolism
Study of structure
Study of function
function and vice versa
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
anatomy
Study of structure
physiology
Study of function
12 terms
Cat Anatomy--Excretory System
Kidney
Hilum
Renal capsule
Renal Cortex
1
fibrous connective tissue encapsulating the kidney
the outer narrow band of lighter tissue
Kidney
1
Hilum
60 terms
lec 13 excretory physiology
what are the branches branching out of…
ultimately the renal arteries become w…
what is the venous drainage of the kid…
what are the kidneys sympathetic inner…
renal arteries
the glomeruli
the renal veins, it empties into the inferior vena cava
T5-9 T10-11 greater splanchnic nerve synapse in near by celia…
what are the branches branching out of…
renal arteries
ultimately the renal arteries become w…
the glomeruli
22 terms
excretory system - physiology
functions of the excretory system
functions of kidney
blood supply in kidney
nephrons
-collect water and filter the body fluids... -remove waste ... -ret…
-regulate blood composition... -regulate pH... -control RBC product…
blood enters kidney and is filtered to return to the body
filters blood and takes out the wastes... where FILTRATION occur…
functions of the excretory system
-collect water and filter the body fluids... -remove waste ... -ret…
functions of kidney
-regulate blood composition... -regulate pH... -control RBC product…
27 terms
Physiology (Continue excretory system)
Bowman's capsule
Proximal convoluted tubules
Descending Loop
Asending Loop
filtration only
most reabsorption ... -all filtered glucose and amino acid reabs…
-highly permeable to water, impermeable to salt... -20% of filte…
-impermeable to water... -active transport of sodium : chloride…
Bowman's capsule
filtration only
Proximal convoluted tubules
most reabsorption ... -all filtered glucose and amino acid reabs…
21 terms
Physiology: Excretory System
Function: Kindeys
Inner or Outer: Renal Cortex
Inner or Outer: Renal Medulla
What supplies blood to and from the ki…
Osmoregulation; homeostatic balance of water and solutes. Reg…
Outer. Towards surface of kidney.
Medulla. Towards center of kidney.
To: Renal Artery... From: Renal Vein
Function: Kindeys
Osmoregulation; homeostatic balance of water and solutes. Reg…
Inner or Outer: Renal Cortex
Outer. Towards surface of kidney.
66 terms
Physiology of Excretory System
Functions of Excretory system
Filters
Removes
Returns
Filters, Removes, Returns, Eliminates, Regulates
collects water and filters body fluids
removes and concentrates waste products from body fluids
returns other substances to body fluids as necessary for home…
Functions of Excretory system
Filters, Removes, Returns, Eliminates, Regulates
Filters
collects water and filters body fluids
45 terms
Anatomy: Endocrine and Excretory
ductless glands
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
parathyroid glands
glands that release hormones directly into the surrounding bl…
a gland approximately the size of a grape located in the brai…
a gland located at the base of the neck with two lobes that s…
firm masses embedded in the thyroid gland (two in each lobe)…
ductless glands
glands that release hormones directly into the surrounding bl…
pituitary gland
a gland approximately the size of a grape located in the brai…
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
58 terms
Physiology Chapter 14: Excretory System
Structure of the Urinary System
Flow of Urine
Ureters
Bladder
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder, Urethra
Ureters, Bladder, Urethra
Transports urine from kidneys to bladder
Stores urine until voided from body
Structure of the Urinary System
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder, Urethra
Flow of Urine
Ureters, Bladder, Urethra
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
Physiology: Excretory System
Kidney
Ureter
Urinary Bladder
Nephron
Filters extra water, salts, urea, and other waste out of... the…
Tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
Saclike organ in which urine is stored before being excreted
Blood-filtering unit in the renal cortex of the kidney
Kidney
Filters extra water, salts, urea, and other waste out of... the…
Ureter
Tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
36 terms
Physiology (excretory system)
Kidney functions
Nitrogenate waste
Ions
pH balance
1. maintain appropriate plasma levels - water balance... 2. eryt…
urea, amonia, uricacid
sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium
H+, HCO3-
Kidney functions
1. maintain appropriate plasma levels - water balance... 2. eryt…
Nitrogenate waste
urea, amonia, uricacid
43 terms
Principles of Physiology (excretory systems)
Four basic functions of the Excretory…
Amonotely
Ureotely
Uricotely
1. Internal levels of inorganic solutes... 2. Plasma water volum…
direct excretion of ammonia (fish), little energy
Excretion of urea (us), More energy
Excretion of uric acid (birds), lots of energy
Four basic functions of the Excretory…
1. Internal levels of inorganic solutes... 2. Plasma water volum…
Amonotely
direct excretion of ammonia (fish), little energy
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
43 terms
Principles of Physiology (excretory systems)
Four basic functions of the Excretory…
Amonotely
Ureotely
Uricotely
1. Internal levels of inorganic solutes... 2. Plasma water volum…
direct excretion of ammonia (fish), little energy
Excretion of urea (us), More energy
Excretion of uric acid (birds), lots of energy
Four basic functions of the Excretory…
1. Internal levels of inorganic solutes... 2. Plasma water volum…
Amonotely
direct excretion of ammonia (fish), little energy
73 terms
Excretory System Physiology and Function
Physiology
Filtration Overview
Filtrate Is ...
Filtrate Production
Filtration... Secretion and Reabsorption... Elimination... Clinical Ap…
Non-selective by size... If it fits in slits ...... Fenestrated c…
Filtrate = Plasma - Proteins - RBCs
180L/day (48 gal) of filtrate a day!... 70x total plasma volume…
Physiology
Filtration... Secretion and Reabsorption... Elimination... Clinical Ap…
Filtration Overview
Non-selective by size... If it fits in slits ...... Fenestrated c…
12 terms
Physiology of Excretory System
What are functions of the Excretory Sy…
What are the functions of the Kidney?
What 2 main systems are at work?
What happens during Blood Supply?
Collect water, filter body fluids, Remove waste from body flu…
-Regulate blood composition by filtering toxins... - Regulate pH…
Blood Supply & Nephrons
Blood enters kidney in order to get FILTERED.... Wastes and exce…
What are functions of the Excretory Sy…
Collect water, filter body fluids, Remove waste from body flu…
What are the functions of the Kidney?
-Regulate blood composition by filtering toxins... - Regulate pH…
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