Study sets matching "exercise physiology"

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Study sets matching "exercise physiology"

Exercise Physiology
Heart
Atrium
Ventricle
Atrioventricular (Tricuspid + Bicuspid…
Muscular organ made from cardiac muscle that makes up two pum…
Receiving chamber of the heart that receives blood from the b…
Pumping chamber of the heart that sends blood to the lungs (r…
Prevent the back-flow of blood in the circulatory system. Fou…
Heart
Muscular organ made from cardiac muscle that makes up two pum…
Atrium
Receiving chamber of the heart that receives blood from the b…
Exercise physiology
acute adaptation to exercise?
chronic adaptations to training?
factors influencing oxygen uptake and…
Fick equation
increased oxygen delivery to working muscle
more effective oxygen delivery and increased maximum oxygen u…
cardiac structure... blood volume... blood flow and distribution ... o…
HR x SV x (a-v)O2
acute adaptation to exercise?
increased oxygen delivery to working muscle
chronic adaptations to training?
more effective oxygen delivery and increased maximum oxygen u…
39 terms
Exercise Physiology
Classification of Enzymes: Kinases
Classification of Enzymes: Dehydrogena…
Classification of Enzymes: Oxidases
Classification of Enzymes: Isomerases
Add a phosphate group
Remove hydrogen atoms
Catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions involving oxygen
Rearrangement of the structure of molecules
Classification of Enzymes: Kinases
Add a phosphate group
Classification of Enzymes: Dehydrogena…
Remove hydrogen atoms
253 terms
Exercise Physiology
Cardiopulmonary
Cardiorespiratory
Respiration
Trachea
collective systems of the heart, blood vessels, and lungs tha…
refers to entire process of absorbing, circulating and consum…
the process of consuming O and producing CO2 within the mitoc…
from larynx to bronchi
Cardiopulmonary
collective systems of the heart, blood vessels, and lungs tha…
Cardiorespiratory
refers to entire process of absorbing, circulating and consum…
Exercise Physiology
Anabolic
Catabolic
Exergonic
Endergonic
Construction
Deconstruction
Release energy
Required energy
Anabolic
Construction
Catabolic
Deconstruction
19 terms
Exercise physiology
so as we exercise what happens
what is CO2 a product of
what is the role of the cardiovascular…
respiratory system role during exercise
1. more muscle contraction leads to increased need for ATP... 2.…
it is a byproduct of the citric acid cycle so that when you h…
supply sufficient O2 to the muscles and to maintain the adequ…
excrete the excess CO2 during the exercise period... PCO2 = (k)…
so as we exercise what happens
1. more muscle contraction leads to increased need for ATP... 2.…
what is CO2 a product of
it is a byproduct of the citric acid cycle so that when you h…
Exercise physiology
so as we exercise what happens
what is CO2 a product of
what is the role of the cardiovascular…
respiratory system role during exercise
1. more muscle contraction leads to increased need for ATP... 2.…
it is a byproduct of the citric acid cycle so that when you h…
supply sufficient O2 to the muscles and to maintain the adequ…
excrete the excess CO2 during the exercise period... PCO2 = (k)…
so as we exercise what happens
1. more muscle contraction leads to increased need for ATP... 2.…
what is CO2 a product of
it is a byproduct of the citric acid cycle so that when you h…
169 terms
physiology of exercise
vascular branching pattern (6)
heart Rate and a-v(O2) Difference Do N…
Jean Louis Pousille + law
pulsatile vs. steady state conditions
conduit, feed artery (last BV before tissue), 1A (in organ),…
- With increasing work rates, the CO of endurance athletes re…
-Pousille's Law: a measure used to quantify steady state vasc…
- pulsatile: CV operates this way but is rarely studied this…
vascular branching pattern (6)
conduit, feed artery (last BV before tissue), 1A (in organ),…
heart Rate and a-v(O2) Difference Do N…
- With increasing work rates, the CO of endurance athletes re…
50 terms
Exercise Physiology
What were the findings of the seminal…
What is MET and what is its associatio…
How does physical inactivity contribut…
What are the different types of muscle…
- Lower levels of coronary heart disease in bus conductors th…
- MET (metabolic equivalent) = measure of exercise intensity…
- Physical inactivity leads to abdominal adiposity (visceral…
Distinguished according to myosin heavy chain isoform... - Type…
What were the findings of the seminal…
- Lower levels of coronary heart disease in bus conductors th…
What is MET and what is its associatio…
- MET (metabolic equivalent) = measure of exercise intensity…
44 terms
Exercise Physiology
Cardiac cycle
Cardiac cycle at rest vs during exercise
regulation of heart rate
Regulation of HR
systole -> contraction (2/3 blood ejected from ventricle each…
Parasympathetic (via vagus nerve) slow HR by inhibiting SA an…
CO = HR x SV ... Pacemaker of the heart is the SA node -> para N…
Cardiac cycle
systole -> contraction (2/3 blood ejected from ventricle each…
Cardiac cycle at rest vs during exercise
19 terms
Exercise Physiology
What do we need for our body when we e…
How is oxygen delivered to the tissues…
What are normal oxygen delivery and co…
what does that mean our extraction rat…
What do we need for our body when we e…
How is oxygen delivered to the tissues…
43 terms
Exercise Training and Adaptations Exercise Physiology
Overload principle
Specificity principle
Individual differences principle
Reversibility principle
Must be working at or above 80% of max to see gains
Training needs to be specific to your sport of activity
everybody responds to exercise differently
use it or lose it
Overload principle
Must be working at or above 80% of max to see gains
Specificity principle
Training needs to be specific to your sport of activity
200 terms
Exercise of Physiology
Physiology
Endocrine
Two type of nerves in the Automatic ne…
Epymisium
Study of body function
hormones controlled by automatic nervous system
Efferent- send signal from brain to tissue... Afferent- Send sig…
External layer of muscle
Physiology
Study of body function
Endocrine
hormones controlled by automatic nervous system
51 terms
Exercise Physiology
What is homeostasis?
How does steady state differ from home…
What is negative feedback?
the role of the sensor in a biological…
maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
homeostasis is commonly used to denote a relatively constant…
an important class of biological control systems in the body…
a receptor in the body capable of detecting change in the var…
What is homeostasis?
maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
How does steady state differ from home…
homeostasis is commonly used to denote a relatively constant…
169 terms
physiology of exercise
vascular branching pattern (6)
heart Rate and a-v(O2) Difference Do N…
Jean Louis Pousille + law
pulsatile vs. steady state conditions
conduit, feed artery (last BV before tissue), 1A (in organ),…
- With increasing work rates, the CO of endurance athletes re…
-Pousille's Law: a measure used to quantify steady state vasc…
- pulsatile: CV operates this way but is rarely studied this…
vascular branching pattern (6)
conduit, feed artery (last BV before tissue), 1A (in organ),…
heart Rate and a-v(O2) Difference Do N…
- With increasing work rates, the CO of endurance athletes re…
133 terms
Exercise Physiology Final
A set of chemical reactions that occur…
release...... breakdown
require...... synthesis
Oxidative phosphorylation
What is metabolism?
Fill in the blanks:... Catabolic reactions ____ energy in glucos…
Fill in the blanks:... Anabolic reactions ____ energy for glycog…
What occurs in the long term energy system?
A set of chemical reactions that occur…
What is metabolism?
release...... breakdown
Fill in the blanks:... Catabolic reactions ____ energy in glucos…
148 terms
Exercise Physiology Exam 2
action potential
resting membrane potential
Em
K
generation of small amount of current, sends info, generates…
nerve is off, -86mv
electrovotive force, very small
membrane 100x more permeable to this, 2 in with pump
action potential
generation of small amount of current, sends info, generates…
resting membrane potential
nerve is off, -86mv
40 terms
Exercise Physiology
General Adaptation Syndrome
GAS - Alarm Stage
GAS - Resistance Stage
GAS - Exhaustion Stage
The process of the body adapting due to stress.
GAS - body's first reaction to stress; fight or flight; work…
GAS -with proper recovery, body attempts to adapt when it see…
GAS - stress goes on for too long; body's resources depleted
General Adaptation Syndrome
The process of the body adapting due to stress.
GAS - Alarm Stage
GAS - body's first reaction to stress; fight or flight; work…
24 terms
Exercise Physiology Exam 1
Another name for resting O2
How much ATP is created by using PC
Resting VO2 is used for?
Reasonable value for resting VO2 (rest…
1 Met
1 ATP
Sodium/Potassium channels
.350 L/min (350 mL/min)
Another name for resting O2
1 Met
How much ATP is created by using PC
1 ATP
26 terms
Exercise Physiology
Exercise Physiology
5 components of fitness
Cardio-respiratory Fitness
aerobic
The scientific study of the human body to exercise, including…
cardio-respiratory fitness, muscular strength, muscular endur…
the body's ability to sustain prolong exercise; the capacity…
needs oxygen; cardio; requiring pumping of blood
Exercise Physiology
The scientific study of the human body to exercise, including…
5 components of fitness
cardio-respiratory fitness, muscular strength, muscular endur…
17 terms
Exercise Physiology Final Exam
What are the three "zones" of the resp…
Describe the conducting respiratory zo…
Describe the transitional respiratory…
Describe the respiratory respiratory z…
Conducting, Transitional, Respiratory
High resistance, high flow volume, low cross sectional area
Medium resistance, medium flow volume, medium cross sectional…
Low resistance, Low flow volume, high cross sectional area
What are the three "zones" of the resp…
Conducting, Transitional, Respiratory
Describe the conducting respiratory zo…
High resistance, high flow volume, low cross sectional area
Exercise physiology
Bench press for 8-12 reps at 70-80% of…
Plyometric jump squat
Cycling at 70% of HR reserve for 20min
Sprinting at 90% V02max for 60sec
Anaerobic
Anaerobic
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Bench press for 8-12 reps at 70-80% of…
Anaerobic
Plyometric jump squat
Anaerobic
25 terms
Exercise Physiology
non-adherence/compliance
why people don't exercise
intentions
self-regulation
one of the most significant problems facing modern medicine a…
time management ... boredom/lack of enjoyment... weather... unrealisti…
indication of a person's readiness to perform a given behavior
ability to regulate behavior
non-adherence/compliance
one of the most significant problems facing modern medicine a…
why people don't exercise
time management ... boredom/lack of enjoyment... weather... unrealisti…
10 terms
Exercise physiology
Increased respiratory capacity
Decreased blood pressure in moderately…
Increased cardiac output
Lowered resting heart rate
Chronic adaptation
Chronic adaptation
Acute response
Chronic adaptation
Increased respiratory capacity
Chronic adaptation
Decreased blood pressure in moderately…
Chronic adaptation
104 terms
Exercise Physiology
Exercise Physiology
Exercise
Physical Activity
Homeostasis
A basic and applied science that describes, explains, and use…
A single acute bout of bodily exertion or muscular activity t…
Generally connotes movement in which the goal (often to susta…
The state of dynamic equilibrium (balance) of the body's inte…
Exercise Physiology
A basic and applied science that describes, explains, and use…
Exercise
A single acute bout of bodily exertion or muscular activity t…
Exercise Physiology (Exercise Metabolism) Test 1
Energy Requirements at Rest
Changes in Oxygen Uptake During Increm…
Oxygen Deficit & Debt
Rest-To-Exercise Transitions
-Almost 100% of ATP produced by aerobic metabolism... -Blood lac…
-ATP production increases immediately... -Oxygen uptake increase…
Energy Requirements at Rest
-Almost 100% of ATP produced by aerobic metabolism... -Blood lac…
Changes in Oxygen Uptake During Increm…
Exercise physiology
subsequent
bout
cardiopulmonary
endurance
последующий
прием
сердечно-лёгочный
выносливость
subsequent
последующий
bout
прием
74 terms
Exercise Physiology two test flash (
The difference between aerobic (or slo…
Fat is an excellent source of fuel bec…
The primary function of the Kreb Cycle…
Which pathway involved an initial ener…
C
D
A
E
The difference between aerobic (or slo…
C
Fat is an excellent source of fuel bec…
D
Exercise Physiology
What is the key player in homeostatic…
During exercise, the endocrine system...
Functions of the Endocrine System
Hormones
The Endocrine System
regulates sodium, potassium, calcium, water, pH, BP, and the…
chemical and water balance, & controls growth and metabolism
chemical substances produced by endocrine glands that regulat…
What is the key player in homeostatic…
The Endocrine System
During exercise, the endocrine system...
regulates sodium, potassium, calcium, water, pH, BP, and the…
Exercise Physiology
exercise physiology
energy
exercise
metabolism
the study of responses of body function to exercise
______________ is the capacity to do work
_______________ capacity is determined by how much the muscle…
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
exercise physiology
the study of responses of body function to exercise
energy
______________ is the capacity to do work
73 terms
Clinical Exercise Physiology Final
Name 3 Stages of Catabolsim
What molecules go through glycolysis a…
Where does glycolysis occur in the cel…
Aside from Acetyl CoA, what other mole…
1) Hydrolysis of complex molecules: complex molecules are bro…
DOES NOT: Amino Acids & Fatty Acids... DOES: Simple Sugars & Gly…
Glycolysis occurs in the cytosol... Citric Acid Cycle occurs in…
Lactate
Name 3 Stages of Catabolsim
1) Hydrolysis of complex molecules: complex molecules are bro…
What molecules go through glycolysis a…
DOES NOT: Amino Acids & Fatty Acids... DOES: Simple Sugars & Gly…
Exercise Physiology
the identification of physiological me…
health & fitness, rehab of heart disea…
the professional guidance & counsel of…
those intercede in athletics, sports t…
Exercise physiology is...
Exercise physiology maintains...
workers in exercise physiology help with...
workers in exercise physiology help with...
the identification of physiological me…
Exercise physiology is...
health & fitness, rehab of heart disea…
Exercise physiology maintains...
Exercise physiology
Ve
Vo2
Vco2
3 bioenergrtic systems
Pulmonary ventilation per minute... The amt of air that moves in…
Oxygen consumption per minute
Carbon dioxide production per min
Immediate (ATP-CP) ... Short term (glycolysis) ... Long term (mitoc…
Ve
Pulmonary ventilation per minute... The amt of air that moves in…
Vo2
Oxygen consumption per minute
30 terms
Exercise Physiology
Skill Related Fitness Components
Health Related Fitness Components
Muscular Power
Speed
Components that provide specific benefits to meet the needs o…
Components developed on a regular basis to stay healthy and p…
The ability to exert maximum muscular force in the shortest p…
The ability to react and move quickly
Skill Related Fitness Components
Components that provide specific benefits to meet the needs o…
Health Related Fitness Components
Components developed on a regular basis to stay healthy and p…
114 terms
Exercise Physiology
Matter
Mass
Inertia
Weight
substance made of atoms or molecules
measure of an objects inertia
objects resistance to motion
earth's measurement of mass
Matter
substance made of atoms or molecules
Mass
measure of an objects inertia
15 terms
Exercise Physiology
ATP
vital capacity
steady state
EPOC (excess post-oxygen consumption)
Adenosine Triphosphate: the body's recognizable energy source
the amount of air that can be moved in one breath
maintaining an intensity zone where heart rate is relatively…
recovery period of increased oxygen consumption thought to be…
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate: the body's recognizable energy source
vital capacity
the amount of air that can be moved in one breath
23 terms
Exercise Physiology
Pulmonary Ventilation
Total Lung Capacity (TLC)
Vital Capacity (VC)
Tidal Volume (TV)
A measure of the rate of ventilation, referring to the total…
The amount of gas contained in the lung at the end of a maxim…
The greatest volume of air that can be expelled from the lung…
The lung volume representing the normal volume of air displac…
Pulmonary Ventilation
A measure of the rate of ventilation, referring to the total…
Total Lung Capacity (TLC)
The amount of gas contained in the lung at the end of a maxim…
28 terms
Exercise Physiology
ATP sources
muscle contraction requires
Nutrient sources of ATP
Aerobic ATP Production
1. ATP stores within muscle fibers - pre-exercise... 2. Phosphoc…
ATP
carbohydrates and fats
- only when O2 supply is adequate... -carbohydrate and fatty aci…
ATP sources
1. ATP stores within muscle fibers - pre-exercise... 2. Phosphoc…
muscle contraction requires
ATP
186 terms
Exercise Physiology
Define:... a) metabolism... b) bioenergetics
What is the role of enzymes as catalys…
Name the high-energy phosphates. How d…
Name and describe the biochemical path…
a) sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body (anab…
-end is ASE... a) accelerate chemical reactions without being co…
ATP- adenosine triphosphate, breakdown releases energy
1) ATP-PC system (phosphagen system), most rapid method of re…
Define:... a) metabolism... b) bioenergetics
a) sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body (anab…
What is the role of enzymes as catalys…
-end is ASE... a) accelerate chemical reactions without being co…
30 terms
exercise physiology
exercise physiology
physical activity
exercise
health fitness
-functional changes in the body that occur in response to a s…
any movement that works larger muscles of the body and result…
planned, structured,repetitive, and purposeful physical activ…
-cardio fitness... -abdominal muscular strength and endurance ... -…
exercise physiology
-functional changes in the body that occur in response to a s…
physical activity
any movement that works larger muscles of the body and result…
133 terms
Exercise physiology
acute adaptation to exercise?
chronic adaptations to training?
factors influencing oxygen uptake and…
Fick equation
increased oxygen delivery to working muscle
more effective oxygen delivery and increased maximum oxygen u…
cardiac structure... blood volume... blood flow and distribution ... o…
HR x SV x (a-v)O2
acute adaptation to exercise?
increased oxygen delivery to working muscle
chronic adaptations to training?
more effective oxygen delivery and increased maximum oxygen u…
39 terms
Exercise Physiology
Exercise Physiology
Physical Activity
Physical fitness
Muscular Fitness
The study of this provides an understanding of how the body r…
Any bodily movement that comes about from the contraction of…
Generally considered to have four major components... Muscular F…
Involves muscular strength and muscular endurance
Exercise Physiology
The study of this provides an understanding of how the body r…
Physical Activity
Any bodily movement that comes about from the contraction of…
34 terms
Exercise Physiology
Provide an interface for gas exchange
Ventilation
Alveoli
Diaphragm
Primary purpose of the pulmonary system
mechanical process of moving air in and out of lungs
Site of gas exchange
most important muscle of inspiration
Provide an interface for gas exchange
Primary purpose of the pulmonary system
Ventilation
mechanical process of moving air in and out of lungs
Exercise physiology
Cortisol
Estrogen
Epinephrine
Insulin
Promotes protein and triglyceride breakdown during prolonged…
Plays a major role in bone formation and maintenance
Increases cardiac output and causes glycogenolysis during exe…
Facilitates glucose removal from the blood
Cortisol
Promotes protein and triglyceride breakdown during prolonged…
Estrogen
Plays a major role in bone formation and maintenance
37 terms
Exercise Physiology
metabolism
energy
mechanical energy
chemical energy
the sum total of all the biomechanical processes that occur i…
the ability/capacity to do work... - mechanical... - chemical... - nuc…
energy transfer allowing muscles to develop tension & contract
energy stored in the body & transformed into mechanical energ…
metabolism
the sum total of all the biomechanical processes that occur i…
energy
the ability/capacity to do work... - mechanical... - chemical... - nuc…
40 terms
Exercise Physiology
Exercise is a Stress
Activation of SNS during exercise
Exercise Requires Energy
SNS Increases During Exercise
Catecholamine release on graph... NE and Epi increase several-f…
Vasoconstriction: α-adrenergic (primarily)... ↑HR: β-adrenergic…
VO2 = O2 consumption ... O2 is the final e- receptor at ETC wher…
- Cardiovascular control centers in medulla... - Effector respon…
Exercise is a Stress
Catecholamine release on graph... NE and Epi increase several-f…
Activation of SNS during exercise
Vasoconstriction: α-adrenergic (primarily)... ↑HR: β-adrenergic…
Exercise Physiology
What are four major components of phys…
Define muscular strength
Define muscular endurance
Define essential fat
Muscular strength and endurance... Cardiovascular/cardiorespirat…
Maximal force muscles can exert during a contraction
Ability of muscles to exert force against a resistance over a…
Fat necessary for maintenance of life and reproductive function
What are four major components of phys…
Muscular strength and endurance... Cardiovascular/cardiorespirat…
Define muscular strength
Maximal force muscles can exert during a contraction
14 terms
Exercise physiology
Explain the mexhanism by which conditi…
explain the mechanism by which a myoca…
Myocardial infraction
Explain why adenosine triphosphate (AT…
Persons with illnesses that limit respiration are unable to m…
The ejection fraction may be reduced after the loss of heart…
AKA Heart attack... occurs when blood flow stops to a part of th…
While ATP can be stored in the cells, the amount stored and i…
Explain the mexhanism by which conditi…
Persons with illnesses that limit respiration are unable to m…
explain the mechanism by which a myoca…
The ejection fraction may be reduced after the loss of heart…
Exercise Physiology
Anabolic
Catabolic
Exergonic
Endergonic
Construction
Deconstruction
Release energy
Required energy
Anabolic
Construction
Catabolic
Deconstruction
17 terms
Exercise Physiology
what leads to an increase in SV in res…
SV equation
increased Ca2+ sensitivity leads to:
increased muscle hypertrophy leads to:
increased Ca2+ sensitivity ... increased muscle hypertrophy ... dec…
SV = EDV -- ESV
Ca2+ binds to troponin... increased actin-myosin bridges ... ***con…
increased contractility ... decreased ESV
what leads to an increase in SV in res…
increased Ca2+ sensitivity ... increased muscle hypertrophy ... dec…
SV equation
SV = EDV -- ESV
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