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Study sets matching "exercise psychology"

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Study sets matching "exercise psychology"

20 terms
Exercise Psychology - Fatigue and Exercise
Fatigue
___ of adults worldwide and ____ in US…
risk of fatigue in women vs. men
fatigue can last...
- inability of muscle to maintain optimal performance (cognit…
1/5 worldwide... 1/4 US
1.5x greater in women than in men
varied lengths of time (including near-permanent)
Fatigue
- inability of muscle to maintain optimal performance (cognit…
___ of adults worldwide and ____ in US…
1/5 worldwide... 1/4 US
18 terms
Exercise Psychology
Physical Activity
Exercise
Parent Disciplines of Exercise Psychol…
Psychology
All bodily movements that cause increases in physical exertio…
A form of leisure physical activity that is undertaken in ord…
Psychology and Exercise Science
A field of study concerned with various mental processes peop…
Physical Activity
All bodily movements that cause increases in physical exertio…
Exercise
A form of leisure physical activity that is undertaken in ord…
31 terms
Exercise Psychology
model
theory
motivation
intrinsic
a visual representation of a phenomenon
explains why a behavior or phenomenon
the degree of determination, drive, or desire with which an i…
motivation that emanates from within
model
a visual representation of a phenomenon
theory
explains why a behavior or phenomenon
16 terms
EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY
Medical
Humanistic
Physical Activity Recommendations
EXERCISE
Exercise is treatment/medicine (something to be tolerated) &…
Freedom of choice & personal preference
•Infants(birthtooneyear)physicallyactive-particularlysupervis…
• Now internationally recognised exercise is good for you (Na…
Medical
Exercise is treatment/medicine (something to be tolerated) &…
Humanistic
Freedom of choice & personal preference
54 terms
exercise psychology
What are the 4 related fields to exerc…
Rehabilitation psych
Health psych
Behavioral medicine
-rehabilitation psych... -health psych... -behavioral medicine... -spo…
-Relationship b/w psychological factors and physical rehabili…
-Psych processes related to health and health care... -Nutrition…
-Interrelationships of behavioral, physical, and psychosocial…
What are the 4 related fields to exerc…
-rehabilitation psych... -health psych... -behavioral medicine... -spo…
Rehabilitation psych
-Relationship b/w psychological factors and physical rehabili…
13 terms
Exercise Psychology - Sleep and Exercise
Sleep
Is sleep anabolic or catabolic? Why?
Stages of Sleep
Stage 1 of Sleep
- naturally recurring state characterized by:... - reduced or a…
Anabolic because it facilitates growth and rejuvination
1,2,3, and REM
- transitional stage b/w sleep and wakefulness... - muscles are…
Sleep
- naturally recurring state characterized by:... - reduced or a…
Is sleep anabolic or catabolic? Why?
Anabolic because it facilitates growth and rejuvination
9 terms
Exercise Psychology
Bernstein
Hausenblas
Lox
Steinberg
Breast Cancer
Eating Disorders in Athletes
Well-being in HIV patients
Endorphin Hypothesis
Bernstein
Breast Cancer
Hausenblas
Eating Disorders in Athletes
80 terms
exercise psychology
informational approach
behavioral approaches
social approaches
environmental and policy approaches
approaches to change knowledge and attitudes about the benefi…
approaches to teach people the behavioral management skills n…
approaches to create social environments that facilitate and…
approaches to change the structure of physical and organizati…
informational approach
approaches to change knowledge and attitudes about the benefi…
behavioral approaches
approaches to teach people the behavioral management skills n…
52 terms
Exercise Psychology
Define Social Influence
List the types of social support
What are the sources of support
How can we improve support
Factors that can have a real or imagined effect on one's beha…
Informational- giving direction, advice about exercise... Instru…
1. Family... 2. Physicians/ Friends... 3. Exercise Professionals... 4.…
1. parents can participate in activity with child, act as rol…
Define Social Influence
Factors that can have a real or imagined effect on one's beha…
List the types of social support
Informational- giving direction, advice about exercise... Instru…
7 terms
EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY
exercise psychology
Sonstroem
Levy & Ebbeck
Gruber
application of psychology to increase exercise participation…
rather than fitness improvement, it is due to perceptions of…
tested Sonstroems model and found that women, physical accept…
did study on children, grades ^ when participated in fitness…
exercise psychology
application of psychology to increase exercise participation…
Sonstroem
rather than fitness improvement, it is due to perceptions of…
9 terms
Exercise psychology
Reasons for exercising
Reasons for not exercising
Exercise adherence
What % drop out within 6 months?
Weight control, decreased risk of CVD, reduction in stress, e…
Perceived lack of time, perceived lack of energy, mental fati…
The ability to continue with a programme for 6 months or more
50%
Reasons for exercising
Weight control, decreased risk of CVD, reduction in stress, e…
Reasons for not exercising
Perceived lack of time, perceived lack of energy, mental fati…
81 terms
Exercise Psychology
"According to the ancient Greeks, a pr…
Drawing the outline of your body shape…
"One of the factors of the five-factor…
"Based on the limited research compari…
C. Sadness
C. "perceptual, behavioral"
B. Self-motivation
D. Depends on an exercisers? needs at a given point in time
"According to the ancient Greeks, a pr…
C. Sadness
Drawing the outline of your body shape…
C. "perceptual, behavioral"
12 terms
Psychology of exercise
Exercise psychology
Physical activity
Exercise
Sport
study of brain and behaviour in physical activity and exercis…
any movement produced by skeletal muscles resulting in energy…
form of physical activity that is planned, structured, repeti…
sub-component of exercise that is rule governed, structured a…
Exercise psychology
study of brain and behaviour in physical activity and exercis…
Physical activity
any movement produced by skeletal muscles resulting in energy…
20 terms
Exercise Psychology - Fatigue and Exercise
Fatigue
___ of adults worldwide and ____ in US…
risk of fatigue in women vs. men
fatigue can last...
- inability of muscle to maintain optimal performance (cognit…
1/5 worldwide... 1/4 US
1.5x greater in women than in men
varied lengths of time (including near-permanent)
Fatigue
- inability of muscle to maintain optimal performance (cognit…
___ of adults worldwide and ____ in US…
1/5 worldwide... 1/4 US
36 terms
Exercise Psychology
Self Regulation
Phases of Self Regulation
Forethought
Self-Reflection
ability to work towards ones short and long term goals by mon…
forethought, self-reflection, performance
Set goals
Evaluate and React
Self Regulation
ability to work towards ones short and long term goals by mon…
Phases of Self Regulation
forethought, self-reflection, performance
10 terms
Exercise Psychology
(RE-AIM) R
(RE-AIM) E
(RE-AIM) A
(RE-AIM) I
Reach
Effectiveness
Adoption
Implementation
(RE-AIM) R
Reach
(RE-AIM) E
Effectiveness
19 terms
Exercise Psychology
Behavioral Psychology
?
Personality and Sport
Patterns of Athletes and Non-athletes
All things that organisms do can and should be regarded as be…
Personality, arousal and performance, motivation, attention,…
Core: Consistent with our core personality, debate if you can…
There is no pattern between and athlete and a non-athlete. No…
Behavioral Psychology
All things that organisms do can and should be regarded as be…
?
Personality, arousal and performance, motivation, attention,…
82 terms
Exercise Psychology
• Exercise
• Physical Activity
• Exercise
• Movement
o Reduce level of stress... o Maintain and improving health
o Movements causing increased physical exertion beyond normal…
o Leisure physical activity undertaken to achieve particular…
o Value in simply asking/inviting people to "move" more durin…
• Exercise
o Reduce level of stress... o Maintain and improving health
• Physical Activity
o Movements causing increased physical exertion beyond normal…
24 terms
Exercise Psychology
Physical activity
Exercise
Exercise psychology
Psychology
Any bodily movement
Planned, structured bouts of physical activity
convergence of exercise science and psychology, application o…
The mental processes people experience and use in all aspects…
Physical activity
Any bodily movement
Exercise
Planned, structured bouts of physical activity
22 terms
Exercise Psychology
How does the body utilize oxygen
V.O2 Sub-Max Exercise
Oxygen Deficit:
What causes fatigue in endurance exerc…
Oxidative metabolism - it is needed for energy
V.O2 - the volume of O2 consumed per min... VO2 Drift is defined…
Calculated simply as the difference between the oxygen requir…
By PCr depletion, glycogen depletion impair ATP production... Fa…
How does the body utilize oxygen
Oxidative metabolism - it is needed for energy
V.O2 Sub-Max Exercise
V.O2 - the volume of O2 consumed per min... VO2 Drift is defined…
7 terms
Exercise Psychology
Chronic Exercise
Acute exercise
Endorphins
Monamine Hypothesis
Long term exercise participation. Reflect how a person feels…
Short term, benefits last for 2-4 hours following exercise
chemical substances produced by the brain, pituitary glands a…
monoamines consist of neurotransmitters such as norepinephrin…
Chronic Exercise
Long term exercise participation. Reflect how a person feels…
Acute exercise
Short term, benefits last for 2-4 hours following exercise
27 terms
Exercise psychology
Exercise psychology
Rehabilitation psychology
Studying exercise psychology helps us…
Biopsychosocial approach
applying psychological principles to the promotion and mainte…
sister field of exercise psychology- concerned with exercise…
adoption and adherence
the belief that the mind, body, and social environment influe…
Exercise psychology
applying psychological principles to the promotion and mainte…
Rehabilitation psychology
sister field of exercise psychology- concerned with exercise…
54 terms
Exercise Psychology
Physical Activity Barriers
Exercise
PA Types (5)
Measures of PA (3)
convenience/availability, Environment and physical limitations
leisure activity to achieve a goal
occupational... activities of daily living... leisure time PA... compe…
self report... objective/technical... observation
Physical Activity Barriers
convenience/availability, Environment and physical limitations
Exercise
leisure activity to achieve a goal
45 terms
Exercise Psychology
Personality
Learning / situational approaches
Dispositional / trait theories
Traits
underlying relatively stable psychological structures and pro…
emphasis on environment ... conditioning / behaviour or social l…
emphasis on individual ... biological and trait theories ... intern…
relatively enduring dispositions that exert a consistent infl…
Personality
underlying relatively stable psychological structures and pro…
Learning / situational approaches
emphasis on environment ... conditioning / behaviour or social l…
14 terms
Exercise Psychology
exercise psychology
chronic exercise
traits
endorphins
examines the relationship between physical activity and menta…
long term exercise participation
reflect how a person feels "in general" and as a result (are…
chemical substances produced by the brain, pituitary glands a…
exercise psychology
examines the relationship between physical activity and menta…
chronic exercise
long term exercise participation
58 terms
Exercise Psychology
Exercise Psychology
Exercise Psychology Purpose
Dualism
Monism
The study of the brain and behavior in physical activity and…
The primary purpose is to enhance the adoption and... maintenanc…
Humans have physical bodies and... nonphysical souls. Body and m…
Assumes that the mind exists only by the... function of the body…
Exercise Psychology
The study of the brain and behavior in physical activity and…
Exercise Psychology Purpose
The primary purpose is to enhance the adoption and... maintenanc…
11 terms
Exercise psychology
Exercise
American College of Sports Medicine "E…
Phsyical activity:
Excersise
all types of large muscle activity
A type of physical activity, is defined as planned, structure…
Movement that causes an increase in physical exertion beyond…
-Form of leisure PA undertake to achieve particular objective…
Exercise
all types of large muscle activity
American College of Sports Medicine "E…
A type of physical activity, is defined as planned, structure…
20 terms
exercise psychology
unique set of issues and barriers to PA
U.S. life expectancy
National strategy for promoting active…
3 sections
1. chronic disease ... 2. functional limitations... 3. retaining in…
in the 70's ... M= 67.1... F= 74.4... in 2020's ... M=77.1... F= 81.9
50+ yrs... expert derived
1. physical activity programs ... 2. interventions... 3. injury and…
unique set of issues and barriers to PA
1. chronic disease ... 2. functional limitations... 3. retaining in…
U.S. life expectancy
in the 70's ... M= 67.1... F= 74.4... in 2020's ... M=77.1... F= 81.9
22 terms
exercise psychology
factors related to child health: diet
key points
children are recommended to eat...
around 22% and 4% meet the veggie reco…
grain desserts... pizza... sugar-sweetened beverages
1. children are not eating healthy... 2. are not getting enough…
1.5 cups of fruits and veggies
...
factors related to child health: diet
grain desserts... pizza... sugar-sweetened beverages
key points
1. children are not eating healthy... 2. are not getting enough…
156 terms
Exercise Psychology
physical activity
exercise
exercise science
psychology
All bodily movements that cause increases in physical exertio…
a form of leisure activity that is undertaken in order to ach…
a field of study of all aspects of sport, recreation, exercis…
a field of study concerned with various mental processes peop…
physical activity
All bodily movements that cause increases in physical exertio…
exercise
a form of leisure activity that is undertaken in order to ach…
22 terms
Exercise Psychology
Exercise psychology
2 Areas
Emotional well-being
Chronic Exercise lead to better _____…
examines relationship between physical activity & mental heal…
Benefits of exercise (results)... - how you feel --> cognitive c…
greater amount of (+) affect then (-) affect... favorable though…
cognitive
Exercise psychology
examines relationship between physical activity & mental heal…
2 Areas
Benefits of exercise (results)... - how you feel --> cognitive c…
12 terms
Exercise Psychology
Exercise enjoyment and motivation
Sources of Enjoyment
Exercise motivations
Major Barriers
Important factor in exercise adherence ... Associated with mood…
Extrinsic factor = Awards > Improves adherence... Intrinsic fact…
Weight loss... Reduced risk of chronic diseases... Enjoyment of exe…
Lack of time, energy, motivation
Exercise enjoyment and motivation
Important factor in exercise adherence ... Associated with mood…
Sources of Enjoyment
Extrinsic factor = Awards > Improves adherence... Intrinsic fact…
55 terms
exercise psychology
affect
categorical approach
circumplex model
dimensional approach
a general, valenced response to a stimulus that does not requ…
an approach that assumes that affective states are distant an…
a model that describes affective states along the perimeter o…
an approach that assumes that affective states are interrelat…
affect
a general, valenced response to a stimulus that does not requ…
categorical approach
an approach that assumes that affective states are distant an…
23 terms
Exercise Psychology
Arousal
Anxiety
Stress
Stress Response
blend of psychological and psychological activation, varying…
a negative emotional state with feelings of worry, nervousnes…
A substantial imbalance between physical and psychological de…
Environmental Demand-> Perception of Demand -> Response-> Beh…
Arousal
blend of psychological and psychological activation, varying…
Anxiety
a negative emotional state with feelings of worry, nervousnes…
20 terms
Exercise Psychology
Exercise psychology
Sports psychology
Antoine Lavoisier 1700's -
Ventilation
- study of:... 1) acute (immediate/short-term) responses to ac…
enhance sport performance & train athletes... Muscle tiredness &…
discovered animals consumed oxygen, produced carbon dioxide
process of moving air in and out of your lungs
Exercise psychology
- study of:... 1) acute (immediate/short-term) responses to ac…
Sports psychology
enhance sport performance & train athletes... Muscle tiredness &…
50 terms
exercise psychology
absolute reactivity
allostasis
allostatic load
cross-stressor adaption hypothesis
the absolute value of heart rate during stress
the process of an organism's adaptation to a stressor promote…
the cost of an organism's coping/adaptation to a stressor pro…
the hypothesis that a stressor of sufficient intensity and/or…
absolute reactivity
the absolute value of heart rate during stress
allostasis
the process of an organism's adaptation to a stressor promote…
17 terms
exercise psychology
apps... informational and testing... track…
measurement devices
technology advantage
1. research identifies which technolog…
-offer information about exercise and/or ways to perform exer…
1. reaserch... 2. wearable technology...combination of multiple…
individual... -receive objective monitoring... [provides data for r…
technology development
apps... informational and testing... track…
-offer information about exercise and/or ways to perform exer…
measurement devices
1. reaserch... 2. wearable technology...combination of multiple…
58 terms
Exercise Psychology
Cognitive Function
Executive control
right prefrontal lobe and left prefron…
Hippocampus
the process where by an individual is able to perceive, recog…
cognitive functions that are oriented toward goal directed be…
Executive functions come from the __________________. These f…
is important for memory information, working memory in the ba…
Cognitive Function
the process where by an individual is able to perceive, recog…
Executive control
cognitive functions that are oriented toward goal directed be…
51 terms
Exercise Psychology
Exercise
Physical Activity
Individual goals achieved by understan…
Group goals achieved by understanding,…
a subset of physical activity that is planned, structured and…
any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results…
physiologic - lower risk for disease... psychologic - enhanced s…
communities - increased social connectedness, increased activ…
Exercise
a subset of physical activity that is planned, structured and…
Physical Activity
any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results…
126 terms
Exercise Psychology
What is the definition of "sedentary b…
What is one MET defined as?
Between what MET levels do most kinesi…
What occupational groups are most sede…
Any waking behavior characterized by an energy expenditure ≤…
One MET is defined as 1 kcal/kg/hour
Between 4-7 METS
Those that require the most education (ex. sales, business, f…
What is the definition of "sedentary b…
Any waking behavior characterized by an energy expenditure ≤…
What is one MET defined as?
One MET is defined as 1 kcal/kg/hour
7 terms
Exercise psychology
Exercise adherence
Transtheoretical Model of behavior cha…
Social cognitive theory of behavioral…
Hyperthermic model
Getting individuals to begin and maintain an active lifestyle
Behavior change is a spiraling continuum moving from never ch…
Behavior change is influenced by environmental factors, perso…
The change in the body temperature from exercise alters the b…
Exercise adherence
Getting individuals to begin and maintain an active lifestyle
Transtheoretical Model of behavior cha…
Behavior change is a spiraling continuum moving from never ch…
23 terms
exercise psychology
47% of women regularly engage in PA
female milestones ... are associated with…
pregnant women are less likely to enga…
older ways of thinking....
1. reduction PA w/ advancing age... 2. PA increases w/ education…
Puberty... Pregnancy... Menopause... Caregiving ... [all of the above dec…
TRUE
1. physical exercise and pregnancy are (incompatible)... 2. preg…
47% of women regularly engage in PA
1. reduction PA w/ advancing age... 2. PA increases w/ education…
female milestones ... are associated with…
Puberty... Pregnancy... Menopause... Caregiving ... [all of the above dec…
17 terms
Exercise Psychology
Exercise Psychology
Exercise Psychology components
Exercise and Mental Health
Acute Exercise
Examines the relationship between physical activity and menta…
- Exercise and Mental Health... - Proposed Explanations for the…
Focuses on exercise as it relates to anxiety and depression
- Single bout of exercise... - States—transitory and fleeing emo…
Exercise Psychology
Examines the relationship between physical activity and menta…
Exercise Psychology components
- Exercise and Mental Health... - Proposed Explanations for the…
17 terms
psychology of exercise
exercise psychology
exercise psychology is...
sports psychology
sports psychology is...
effects of participation on psychological development, health…
non-elite, non-competitive, focused on participation
effects of psychological factors on physical and motor perfor…
elite, competitive, and focused on performanced
exercise psychology
effects of participation on psychological development, health…
exercise psychology is...
non-elite, non-competitive, focused on participation
120 terms
Exercise Psychology
How does PA change with age?
What are the three ways of measuring PA?
What is epidemiology and why is it imp…
Landmark Studies?
Decreases with age generally... Women show less decrease than me…
Self-Report... - exercise log, or recall... -Godin Leisure Time Exe…
The study of epidemics; helps us answer the 5 W's... -Predictors…
Studies taken worldwide show that most countries are not gett…
How does PA change with age?
Decreases with age generally... Women show less decrease than me…
What are the three ways of measuring PA?
Self-Report... - exercise log, or recall... -Godin Leisure Time Exe…
39 terms
Exercise Psychology
Motivational Interviewing
Types of Interventions
Informational approach
Behavioral approach
Provides people with the opportunity to talk about and resolv…
Informational approach, behavioral approach, social approach,…
knowledge about the benefits of physical activity and how to…
Teach people behavioral skills to help initiate and maintain…
Motivational Interviewing
Provides people with the opportunity to talk about and resolv…
Types of Interventions
Informational approach, behavioral approach, social approach,…
32 terms
Exercise Psychology
Normative Discontent
Dimensions of Body Image: Affective
Dimensions of Body Image: Perception
Dimensions of Body Image: Cognition
Majority of children, adolescents, and adults in Western cult…
Feelings about body appearance and function
How we imagine ourselves to look... Mental representation of bod…
How we think about/evaluate our body for appearance or functi…
Normative Discontent
Majority of children, adolescents, and adults in Western cult…
Dimensions of Body Image: Affective
Feelings about body appearance and function
33 terms
Exercise Psychology
Exercise Psychology definition (4)
Rehabilitation Psychology
reasons to study exercise psychology (2)
adoption
-psychological principle for promotion and maintainence of ex…
sister field... -exercise after a rehab event ... -activity complem…
-psychological components of adoption and adherence ... -to redu…
beginning stages of beginning and exercise regime
Exercise Psychology definition (4)
-psychological principle for promotion and maintainence of ex…
Rehabilitation Psychology
sister field... -exercise after a rehab event ... -activity complem…
79 terms
Exercise Psychology
The application of the educational, sc…
The branch of sport science that invol…
Bodily Movement produced by the contra…
Physical activity that is planned, str…
Exercise psychology
Sport Psychology
Physical Activity
Exercise
The application of the educational, sc…
Exercise psychology
The branch of sport science that invol…
Sport Psychology
Exercise Psychology
American children are beginning their…
The study of the effects of physical a…
The goal of many sport programs for ch…
Various theories have been used to exp…
1. talent identification (and it's drawbacks - maturation)... 2.…
1. mental processes... 2. cognitive processes... 3. long-term effec…
1. talent identification (and it's drawbacks - maturation)... 2.…
1. different states of anxiety... 2. difference btwn arousal and…
American children are beginning their…
1. talent identification (and it's drawbacks - maturation)... 2.…
The study of the effects of physical a…
1. mental processes... 2. cognitive processes... 3. long-term effec…
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