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Study sets matching "experimental social psychology"

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Study sets matching "experimental social psychology"

104 terms
Experimental Social Psychology Midterm
Threats to Internal Validity
History
Instrumentation
Maturation
HI MR MESSSI... History... Instrumentation... Maturation... Regression... M…
Any of the many events other than the IV that occur between a…
Any changes that occur as a function of measuring the DV.
Any of the many conditions internal to the individual that ch…
Threats to Internal Validity
HI MR MESSSI... History... Instrumentation... Maturation... Regression... M…
History
Any of the many events other than the IV that occur between a…
14 terms
Experimental Social Psychology
Phenomenology
Case Study
Field Study
Qualitative Research
a subjects description of personal subjective experience
a descriptive record of ones experiences or behaviors, kept b…
non experimental approaches used in real-life setting
expressed in WORDS
Phenomenology
a subjects description of personal subjective experience
Case Study
a descriptive record of ones experiences or behaviors, kept b…
25 terms
Experimental Social Psychology
frequency claim
association claim
causal claim
covariance
frequency at which something happens or the type of person th…
claims that 2 variables are associated, both measured
x causes y
is x related to y
frequency claim
frequency at which something happens or the type of person th…
association claim
claims that 2 variables are associated, both measured
114 terms
Experimental Social Psychology
Social Psychology
scientific method
Science in scientific method
science (path to knowledge)
how real, or imagined others influence people in terms of Aff…
designed to eliminate human mistakes with thinking (based on…
empirical observation must be systematic, not haphazard, sele…
objectivity, control, empirical basis, replication
Social Psychology
how real, or imagined others influence people in terms of Aff…
scientific method
designed to eliminate human mistakes with thinking (based on…
48 terms
Social Experimental Psychology Exam 2
Research Tradition
Theory
New
Equipment
When variables are similar to previous studies and also previ…
A ___ which you rely on may suggest certain variables to be i…
Sometimes a ___ technique is developed,... allowing you to obser…
The variables you manipulate or observe maybe limited by the…
Research Tradition
When variables are similar to previous studies and also previ…
Theory
A ___ which you rely on may suggest certain variables to be i…
38 terms
Experimental Social Psychology Exam 4
Prejudice
Discrimination
Ambivalent Prejudice
Aversive Prejudice
Preconceived negative judgement of a group and its members
Negative behavior against a group and its members
Simultaneously holding positive and negative attitudes toward…
Holding negative sometimes aggressive attitudes towards a group
Prejudice
Preconceived negative judgement of a group and its members
Discrimination
Negative behavior against a group and its members
20 terms
Exam 2 Experimental Social Psychology
goals
Self-regulation
Underregulation
Misregulation
cognitive representations of a future object or outcome to wh…
process of guiding one's thoughts, feelings, behaviors to rea…
failure to exert self-control
self-control is misguided or counter-productive
goals
cognitive representations of a future object or outcome to wh…
Self-regulation
process of guiding one's thoughts, feelings, behaviors to rea…
34 terms
Experimental Social Psychology - Exam 3
Parental Investment Theory
Internal Working Model
Consummate Love
Strain Test Situation
attachment of caregivers serves as blueprint for children to…
an individual's global feelings about the nature and worth of…
contains passion, commitment, and intimacy
situations where the best outcome for one relationship partne…
Parental Investment Theory
attachment of caregivers serves as blueprint for children to…
Internal Working Model
an individual's global feelings about the nature and worth of…
61 terms
Experimental Social Psychology - Exam 4
Prejudice
discrimination
ambivalent prejudice
aversive prejudice
- a preconceived negative judgement of a group and its member…
the actual negative behavior (product of prejudice)
simultaneously holding positive and negative attitudes toward…
holding negative sometimes aggressive attitudes toward a group
Prejudice
- a preconceived negative judgement of a group and its member…
discrimination
the actual negative behavior (product of prejudice)
60 terms
Social Experimental Psychology Exam 1
Theory
Scientific Theory
Hypothesis
Law Theory
Likely true based data that cannot be directly observed; not…
Beyond a simple hypothesis; deal with potentially verifiable…
Simple; a tentative statement about the relationship between…
A theory that has been substantially verified empirically
Theory
Likely true based data that cannot be directly observed; not…
Scientific Theory
Beyond a simple hypothesis; deal with potentially verifiable…
28 terms
Social Science: Psychology (Experimental Design and Methodology)
Naturalistic Method
Case Study Method
Statistical Method
Independent Variable
The ___ ___ involves careful observation of animals in their…
The ___ ___ ___ involves the collection of information about…
The ___ ___ is the observation of people's attitudes and prac…
What variable is the factor that is manipulated?
Naturalistic Method
The ___ ___ involves careful observation of animals in their…
Case Study Method
The ___ ___ ___ involves the collection of information about…
12 terms
Experimental Psychology
Authority
A Priori Method
Charles Peirce
A Priori
We are influenced by what our parents tell us.
Beliefs are deduced from statements about what is thought to…
Developed a method that can be used to reach opposing conclus…
Latin for "What comes before". Philosophical beliefs go in an…
Authority
We are influenced by what our parents tell us.
A Priori Method
Beliefs are deduced from statements about what is thought to…
52 terms
Experimental Psychology Terms
Research
Research enterprise
Translational research
The research-practice continuum
systematic investigation that is empirical in nature and is d…
The macro-level effort to accumulate knowledge across multipl…
Translating knowledge gained from our research into practical…
The process of turning research into practice.
Research
systematic investigation that is empirical in nature and is d…
Research enterprise
The macro-level effort to accumulate knowledge across multipl…
29 terms
Experimental Psychology - Experimental Designs
Correlational Research
Experimental Research
Quasi-Experimental Designs (Weak)
Quasi Experiment: One group post-test…
Predict outcomes... Little experimenter control ... E.g. naturalist…
Predict outcomes... Lots of experimenter control... e.g. Manipulate…
- have experimental manipulation and observation
- This is where you have a single group and put them through…
Correlational Research
Predict outcomes... Little experimenter control ... E.g. naturalist…
Experimental Research
Predict outcomes... Lots of experimenter control... e.g. Manipulate…
Experimental Psychology
at the top of one's voice
embarrassed
gather up one's courage
graduate student
na cały głos
zawstydzony, zakłopotany, zażenowany
zbierać się na odwagę
magistrant, magistrantka
at the top of one's voice
na cały głos
embarrassed
zawstydzony, zakłopotany, zażenowany
34 terms
Experimental Psychology
Ceiling effect
Floor effect
Priming
Longitudinal study
the inadequacy of a test to measure the true ability and inte…
the inability of a test to measure or discriminate below a ce…
is a nonconscious form of human memory concerned with percept…
Studies one cohort over a long period of time repeatedly over…
Ceiling effect
the inadequacy of a test to measure the true ability and inte…
Floor effect
the inability of a test to measure or discriminate below a ce…
152 terms
Experimental Psychology
Objective Evidence
Operational Definition
Psychology as a Science... (8 things)
Construct
Observable evidence that looks the same to any observer, rega…
A publicly observable way to measure or manipulate a variable…
Finds general rules... Collects objective evidence... Makes verifia…
characteristics of individual's that can't be directly observ…
Objective Evidence
Observable evidence that looks the same to any observer, rega…
Operational Definition
A publicly observable way to measure or manipulate a variable…
18 terms
Experimental psychology
Internal validity
External validity
IV History
IV maturation
Extent to which you can be sure results of study are due to m…
Extent to which you can generalize results of your study to o…
Events that occur over time outside of the experiment that ma…
Changes caused by biological or psychological forces that eff…
Internal validity
Extent to which you can be sure results of study are due to m…
External validity
Extent to which you can generalize results of your study to o…
58 terms
Experimental Psychology
Empiricism
Belief perseverance
Confirmation bias
Availability Heuristic
A way of knowing that relies on the direct observation or exp…
Unwillingness to consider evidence that contradicts a strongl…
Social cognition bias in which events that confirm a strongly…
Social cognition bias in which vivid or memorable events lead…
Empiricism
A way of knowing that relies on the direct observation or exp…
Belief perseverance
Unwillingness to consider evidence that contradicts a strongl…
24 terms
Experimental Psychology
experimental group
control group
Pilot test
manipulation check
Receives non zero (gets an effect)
Receives a zero level of IV
the experiment before the experiment
questions that measure the manipulated variable
experimental group
Receives non zero (gets an effect)
control group
Receives a zero level of IV
11 terms
Experimental psychology
hypothesis
population
random sample
random assignment
your prediction of how the experiment will come out
all cases in a study; group from which samples are drawn
the group your doing the actual experiment on, they should al…
the way the which you assign members of a random sample
hypothesis
your prediction of how the experiment will come out
population
all cases in a study; group from which samples are drawn
40 terms
Experimental Psychology
Theory
Operational Definition
Descriptive Research
Correlational Research
specify relationship between a set of concepts
precisely how a concept is measured/manipulated in a study
ex: opinion polls
relationship between variables; ex: self-esteem and friends
Theory
specify relationship between a set of concepts
Operational Definition
precisely how a concept is measured/manipulated in a study
27 terms
Experimental Psychology
operational definition
independent variable
environmental variables
reliability
the specification of precise meaning of a variable within an…
the dimension that the experimenter intentionally manipulates
manipulated aspects of the physical environment
consistency and dependability
operational definition
the specification of precise meaning of a variable within an…
independent variable
the dimension that the experimenter intentionally manipulates
67 terms
Experimental Psychology
Authority
A Prior Method
Empiricism
Belief Preseverance
Accepting valid information from a source people judge to be…
A developing consensus among those debating the merits of one…
The process of learning things through direct observation or…
Holding onto a belief even when faced with evidence that woul…
Authority
Accepting valid information from a source people judge to be…
A Prior Method
A developing consensus among those debating the merits of one…
78 terms
Experimental Psychology
authority
a priori method
empiricism
belief perseverance
A way of knowing, proposed by Charles Peirce, in which a pers…
A way of knowing, proposed by Charles Peirce, in which a pers…
A way of knowing that relies on direct observation or experie…
Unwillingness to consider evidence that contradicts a strongl…
authority
A way of knowing, proposed by Charles Peirce, in which a pers…
a priori method
A way of knowing, proposed by Charles Peirce, in which a pers…
24 terms
Experimental Psychology
posttest
pretest-posttest design
Experimental condition
Control condition
only measure IV or DV once
measures the DV both before & after the manipulation of the IV.
the presumed cause is being administered
the presumed cause is absent
posttest
only measure IV or DV once
pretest-posttest design
measures the DV both before & after the manipulation of the IV.
Experimental Psychology
Abstract
Introduction
Method
Results
summary of all the parts of the paper
develop the problem, investigation, past research, and the pu…
what did you do
findings and statistics
Abstract
summary of all the parts of the paper
Introduction
develop the problem, investigation, past research, and the pu…
41 terms
Experimental Psychology
QuALMRI
Cohen QuALMRI
Goals of Research
Explanations
• Question... • Alternative Hypotheses... • Logic... • Method... • Result…
Southerners were made more upset by the insult, as indicated…
Describe Behavior(what happens, when, to whom.. experience an…
Are a special kind of desciption. Describes causal relationsh…
QuALMRI
• Question... • Alternative Hypotheses... • Logic... • Method... • Result…
Cohen QuALMRI
Southerners were made more upset by the insult, as indicated…
98 terms
Experimental Psychology
Tanacity
Authority
A priori
Science
Excepting that something is true, without knowing if it is
Knowing something from someone else that you trust
Knowing in advance, intuition
a process of sense making
Tanacity
Excepting that something is true, without knowing if it is
Authority
Knowing something from someone else that you trust
82 terms
Experimental Psychology -
authority
false authority example
self-serving beliefs
Personal experiences
believing people because they are smart
Dr. Phil's cookbook
"What do I want to be true?" "What is easiest for me to belie…
better-based on evidence
authority
believing people because they are smart
false authority example
Dr. Phil's cookbook
109 terms
Experimental Psychology
Ethics
Nuremburg Code
10 Points of the Nuremburg Code
Tuskegee Syphilis Study
Moral fitness of an act
APA adopted ethics off of the war crimes
1. Voluntary Participation... 2. Yield useful results... 3. Sound f…
Study to see if syphilis progressed differently in African-Am…
Ethics
Moral fitness of an act
Nuremburg Code
APA adopted ethics off of the war crimes
146 terms
Experimental Psychology
antecedent conditions
applied research
basic research
cause and effect relationship
all circumstances that occur or exist before the event or beh…
research that is designed to solve real-world problems
research designed to test theories or to explain psychologica…
the relation between a particular behavior and a set of antec…
antecedent conditions
all circumstances that occur or exist before the event or beh…
applied research
research that is designed to solve real-world problems
53 terms
Experimental Psychology
The independent variable of the experi…
What sets experimental psychology apar…
The first step in any experiment is the?
The most common form of study in exper…
Cause
scientific method
hypothesis
case study
The independent variable of the experi…
Cause
What sets experimental psychology apar…
scientific method
12 terms
Experimental Psychology
If science depends on observation of e…
With a correlation design, why should…
How are these different?... Between-sub…
After all your hard work in designing…
Mental process can be an important tool for psychologists to…
Correlation does not mean that there is a certain causation;…
Within-subjects and between-subjects design are different whe…
Certainly, this does happen in research where we do not find…
If science depends on observation of e…
Mental process can be an important tool for psychologists to…
With a correlation design, why should…
Correlation does not mean that there is a certain causation;…
31 terms
Experimental psychology
Hypothesis
Theory
Falsification
Generalization
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
a set of principles on which the practice of an activity is b…
the action of falsifying information or a theory.
the act or process of responding to a stimulus similar to but…
Hypothesis
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
Theory
a set of principles on which the practice of an activity is b…
21 terms
psychology experimental and non experimental methods
Experimental methods
What an experiment needs to be conside…
Non experimental methods
Lab experiment
lab, field, natural and quasi
independent and dependent variables
case study, correlation, interviews, questionnaire and observ…
Conducted in a controlled environment where the experimenter…
Experimental methods
lab, field, natural and quasi
What an experiment needs to be conside…
independent and dependent variables
82 terms
Experimental Psychology
What are the five characteristics of S…
What are the four ways of knowing?
What is 3. Rationalism?
What is 4. Empericim?
1. Requires curiosity ... 2. Tolerate uncertainty ... 3. Based on d…
1. Intuition ... 2. Authority... 3. Rationalism ... 4. Empericim
Acquiring knowledge through logical reasoning
Learning through direct observation
What are the five characteristics of S…
1. Requires curiosity ... 2. Tolerate uncertainty ... 3. Based on d…
What are the four ways of knowing?
1. Intuition ... 2. Authority... 3. Rationalism ... 4. Empericim
14 terms
Psychology - Experimental and Non-Experimental
Experiment Definition
Experiment Strengths and Weaknesses
Case Study Definition
Case Study Strengths and Weaknesses
An investigation in which a hypothesis is scientifically tested
Strengths: ... *Cause and effect established ... *Precise control o…
Idiographic method involving in-depth and detailed study of a…
Strengths:... *Highly detailed and in-depth data... *High ecologica…
Experiment Definition
An investigation in which a hypothesis is scientifically tested
Experiment Strengths and Weaknesses
Strengths: ... *Cause and effect established ... *Precise control o…
109 terms
Experimental Psychology
What effect will using a one-tailed te…
Having a very small amount of overlap…
If statistical power for a given resea…
When judging a study's results, there…
it will increase power
increases the power
40%
They are the result statistically significant and is the effe…
What effect will using a one-tailed te…
it will increase power
Having a very small amount of overlap…
increases the power
29 terms
Experimental Psychology
Validity
Reliability
Construct
Test Theory
Legitimacy, extent to study measures what it intends to measure
Consistance, extent to same result each time
Psychological variable that is not directly observable
How we create and assess devices
Validity
Legitimacy, extent to study measures what it intends to measure
Reliability
Consistance, extent to same result each time
18 terms
Experimental psychology
Internal validity
External validity
IV History
IV maturation
Extent to which you can be sure results of study are due to m…
Extent to which you can generalize results of your study to o…
Events that occur over time outside of the experiment that ma…
Changes caused by biological or psychological forces that eff…
Internal validity
Extent to which you can be sure results of study are due to m…
External validity
Extent to which you can generalize results of your study to o…
19 terms
experimental psychology
things needed to make an experiment
advantages of an experiment
types of realism
concerns about realism are concerns of…
1. random assignment... 2. manipulation (variation of an IV)
1. eliminates confounds... 2. gives researchers complete control…
1. mundane realism (extent to which experiment looks like rea…
external validity, because they concern how generalizable the…
things needed to make an experiment
1. random assignment... 2. manipulation (variation of an IV)
advantages of an experiment
1. eliminates confounds... 2. gives researchers complete control…
8 terms
experimental psychology
Active consent
Passive consent
Respect for people's rights and dignity
Beneficence
involves consenting to participate in a research study by ver…
is a process where parents or legal guardians give consent by…
psychologists are to respect the worth and dignity of everyon…
doing good for others
Active consent
involves consenting to participate in a research study by ver…
Passive consent
is a process where parents or legal guardians give consent by…
56 terms
Experimental Psychology
Uses/goals of research
Steps of the Scientific Method
Basic Research vs. Applied Research
Authority
Describe behavior... Predict behavior... Determine the causes of be…
1. Observe a behavior or other phenomena... 2. Form a tentative…
Basic research- fundamental questions about the basis of beha…
believe it because experts say so -- part of the nonscientifi…
Uses/goals of research
Describe behavior... Predict behavior... Determine the causes of be…
Steps of the Scientific Method
1. Observe a behavior or other phenomena... 2. Form a tentative…
68 terms
Experimental Psychology
Construct Validity
Internal Validity
External Validity
Operational Defenition
Concerns whether our methods of studying variables are accura…
Refers to the accuracy of conclusions about cause and effect
Concerns whether we can generalize the findings of a study to…
Set of procedures used to measure or manipulate the variable
Construct Validity
Concerns whether our methods of studying variables are accura…
Internal Validity
Refers to the accuracy of conclusions about cause and effect
62 terms
Experimental Psychology
Confounding Variable
Confounding Variable
Problem with confounding variables
Internal validity
A Variable that varies along with the independent variable
If an aerobics group is given a mood assessment with windows,…
Effects of independent variable and uncontrolled variable are…
the ability to draw conclusions about casual relationships fr…
Confounding Variable
A Variable that varies along with the independent variable
Confounding Variable
If an aerobics group is given a mood assessment with windows,…
31 terms
Experimental Psychology
empirical evidence
Descriptive methods
Questionable activities
Misconduct
info gathered by experimentation, measurement, or observation
Methods that yield descriptions of behavior, but not necessar…
actions that violate research values
fail to retain data, inaccurate record keeping, request autho…
empirical evidence
info gathered by experimentation, measurement, or observation
Descriptive methods
Methods that yield descriptions of behavior, but not necessar…
39 terms
Experimental Psychology
Why are research methods important too…
Ways of gathering knowledge
Tenacity
Authority
-understanding human behavior... -creating new knowledge... -prepar…
-Tenacity -Authority -A priori method -Scientific approach
believing something because you don't want to give up a belief
way of adopting knowledge removes the burden from any single…
Why are research methods important too…
-understanding human behavior... -creating new knowledge... -prepar…
Ways of gathering knowledge
-Tenacity -Authority -A priori method -Scientific approach
69 terms
Experimental psychology
Applied research
Basic research
Causal inference
Confirmation bias
Scientific inquiry that direct focuses on helping to solve or…
Scientific inquiry that examines the fundamental nature of ph…
Conclusion that variable x is caused by variable y
Tendendcy to selectively seek information that supports ones…
Applied research
Scientific inquiry that direct focuses on helping to solve or…
Basic research
Scientific inquiry that examines the fundamental nature of ph…
13 terms
Experimental psychology
Classical conditions
Gestalt psychology
Behaviorism
Jungian psychoanalysis
Ivan Pavlov, Watson, skinner, lean things on things they don'…
Wertheimer, kohler, koffka,
Little albert mouse, Watson
Focused on collective unconscious
Classical conditions
Ivan Pavlov, Watson, skinner, lean things on things they don'…
Gestalt psychology
Wertheimer, kohler, koffka,
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