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Study sets matching "experiments"

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Study sets matching "experiments"

17 terms
Experiments
Observational Study
Retrospective Study
Prospective Study
Experiment
a study based on data in which no manipulation of factors has…
An observational study in which subjects are selected and the…
An observational study in which subjects are followed to obse…
Manipulates factor levels to create treatments, randomly assi…
Observational Study
a study based on data in which no manipulation of factors has…
Retrospective Study
An observational study in which subjects are selected and the…
9 terms
Experiments
Experiment
Lab
Purpose
Objectives
To try something to find out new information. To test an idea.
This means laboratory, which is a place to do experiments. Pe…
The reason for doing the experiment
The goal of the experiment. Similar to purpose.
Experiment
To try something to find out new information. To test an idea.
Lab
This means laboratory, which is a place to do experiments. Pe…
17 terms
Experiments
observational study
experiment
distinction between observational stud…
Confounding
observes individuals and measures variables of interest but d…
deliberately imposes some treatment on individuals to measure…
When our goal is to understand cause and effect, experiments…
occurs when two variables are associated in such a way that t…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest but d…
experiment
deliberately imposes some treatment on individuals to measure…
12 terms
experiments
scientific method
variable
dependent variable
independent variable
a series of logical problem-solving steps that includes resea…
factor that can cause a change in the results of an experiment
factor that changes as a result of changes in other variables
factor that, as it changes, affects the measure of another va…
scientific method
a series of logical problem-solving steps that includes resea…
variable
factor that can cause a change in the results of an experiment
15 terms
experiments
first
next
add
put
na początku
następnie
dodaj
połóż
first
na początku
next
następnie
15 terms
Experiments
Frederick Griffith
Frederick Meisher
Albrecht Kossel
Phoebus Levene
Transforming Principle-Heat killed IIS(pneumonia) bacteria +…
Nuclein - (DNA+protein) found in nuclei of white blood cells.
DNA is maded up of 4 nitrogenous bases - (Adenine, Guanine, C…
DNA consists of nucleotides - (sugar, phosphate, base)
Frederick Griffith
Transforming Principle-Heat killed IIS(pneumonia) bacteria +…
Frederick Meisher
Nuclein - (DNA+protein) found in nuclei of white blood cells.
7 terms
Experiments
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Control group
Experimental group
Variable that is manipulated/changed by the scientist.
What is measured/recorded by the scientist.
Group that does not receive the independent variable; used as…
Group that receives the independent variable
Independent variable
Variable that is manipulated/changed by the scientist.
Dependent variable
What is measured/recorded by the scientist.
11 terms
Experiments
measure
pour
add
distance
測る、量る
距離
measure
測る、量る
pour
9 terms
Experiments
question or title
Hypothesis
independent variable
dependent variable
tow different ways of phrasing the same idea
predicts the answer to your question
only condition that is different for different groups
the condition that is affected
question or title
tow different ways of phrasing the same idea
Hypothesis
predicts the answer to your question
14 terms
Experiments
controlled experiment
control group
experimental group
independent variable
experiment in which all conditions but one are kept the same
a group that has normal conditions or doesn't receive any exp…
a group for which scientists deliberately change one condition
is the condition scientists deliberately changein an experiment
controlled experiment
experiment in which all conditions but one are kept the same
control group
a group that has normal conditions or doesn't receive any exp…
6 terms
Experiments
The Milgram Experiemnt
Bandura Experiment
Ash Soloman's - (Conformity experiment)
Philip Zimbardo - (Stanford prison exp…
Behavioural study of obedience by psychologist Stanley Milgra…
Hypothesized that viewing violent behaviour with or without p…
- 3 lines, volunteer unaware others giving purposefully wrong…
- Research and examined causes of abusive behaviour in prisons
The Milgram Experiemnt
Behavioural study of obedience by psychologist Stanley Milgra…
Bandura Experiment
Hypothesized that viewing violent behaviour with or without p…
9 terms
Experiments
Dr. Archibald Garrod
Beadle and Tatum
Frederick Griffith
Oswald Avery
saw a disease... phenotype— alkaptonuria—occurring in... children w…
Neurospora... (pink bread mold) to test hypothesis that specific…
determined that a... transforming principle from dead cells... prod…
treated samples to... destroy different molecules; if DNA was... de…
Dr. Archibald Garrod
saw a disease... phenotype— alkaptonuria—occurring in... children w…
Beadle and Tatum
Neurospora... (pink bread mold) to test hypothesis that specific…
Experiments
Petri Dish
Ruler
Test Tubes
Thermometer
Grows bacteria and fungus
Length, width, height, area, perimeter, volume
Storage of small amounts used for mixing and separating
Analyzes temperatures
Petri Dish
Grows bacteria and fungus
Ruler
Length, width, height, area, perimeter, volume
10 terms
Experiments
Laboratory experiments
Lab experiments pros
Lab experiment cons
Stanley Milgram (1974)
An experiment that follows a scientific procedure with an exp…
- very reliable because... a) original experimenter can specify…
- practical problems... a) hard to control all variables in soci…
- studied obedience to authority but told subjects purpose to…
Laboratory experiments
An experiment that follows a scientific procedure with an exp…
Lab experiments pros
- very reliable because... a) original experimenter can specify…
9 terms
Experiments
hypothesis
dependent variables
observation
conclusion
a guess or prediction about the outcome of the controlled stu…
The variables that we are testing
a written record of what has taken place
an answer to a problem question
hypothesis
a guess or prediction about the outcome of the controlled stu…
dependent variables
The variables that we are testing
9 terms
Experiments
Lab experiments
Field experiments
Comparative method
PPoCause and effect
Experimental group: Vary the number they receive, recording a…
Takes place in the subjects natural surroundings... Those invol…
Carried out only in the mind of the sociologist... A 'thought e…
The scientist manipulates the variables in which they are int…
Lab experiments
Experimental group: Vary the number they receive, recording a…
Field experiments
Takes place in the subjects natural surroundings... Those invol…
20 terms
Experiments
atom
light bulb
microscope
magnet
atom
light bulb
133 terms
Experiments
Meischer
Yanofsky
Griffith
Avery, Macleod, and McCarty
First to isolate DNA
DNA and Protein are colinear
Bacteria and rats, transformation
Treating with DNAse stopped protein synthesis
Meischer
First to isolate DNA
Yanofsky
DNA and Protein are colinear
17 terms
Experiments
Purpose of Drying (S2CC)
CALCULATION: Waters of Hydration (S2CC)
PURPOSE: Synthesis of 2 Copper Complexes
CALCULATION: Molar mass (S2CC)
To get the mass of just the compound
Add up all of the water lost during drying
Find the mole ratio to find the coefficient for water in the…
Add up all of the molar masses of the elements in the compoun…
Purpose of Drying (S2CC)
To get the mass of just the compound
CALCULATION: Waters of Hydration (S2CC)
Add up all of the water lost during drying
35 terms
Experiments
Tidal Volume
Inspiratory reserve volume
Expiratory reserve volume
Vital Capacity
(TV) The amount of air inhaled or exhaled with each breath un…
(IRV) The amount of air that can be forcefully inhaled after…
(ERV) The amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled after…
(VC) The maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a ma…
Tidal Volume
(TV) The amount of air inhaled or exhaled with each breath un…
Inspiratory reserve volume
(IRV) The amount of air that can be forcefully inhaled after…
10 terms
Experiments
Laboratory Experiment
Field Experiment
Natural Experiment
Repeated measures design
An experiment where the researcher manipulates the IV, measur…
An experiment where the researcher manipulates the IV, measur…
An experiment where the researchers observes / records change…
Participants experience all conditions of the experiment, the…
Laboratory Experiment
An experiment where the researcher manipulates the IV, measur…
Field Experiment
An experiment where the researcher manipulates the IV, measur…
Experiments
Artificial environment different from…
Takes place in participants' natural e…
Advantage of lab experiments
Disadvantage of Lab experiments
Laboratory experiments
Field experiments
Easily replicable
Low ecological validity
Artificial environment different from…
Laboratory experiments
Takes place in participants' natural e…
Field experiments
21 terms
experiments
observation
inference
variable
constant
..., Is the recording of data using your senses or scientific…
A conclusion one can draw from the presented details. Not all…
A factor in the experiment that can be changed and which coul…
A factor that does not change when other variables change.
observation
..., Is the recording of data using your senses or scientific…
inference
A conclusion one can draw from the presented details. Not all…
11 terms
EXPERIMENTS
HYPOTHESIS IS NEVER A QUESTION
AIM
HYPOTHESIS
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
DO NOT START THE HYPOTHESIS WITH WORDS LIKE: DOES, WHAT, WHY,…
THE PROBLEM OR THE ISSUE
AN INITIAL ANSWER TO THE ISSUE...LIKE YOUR SOLUTIONS IN THE C…
GOES ON THE Y-AXIS
HYPOTHESIS IS NEVER A QUESTION
DO NOT START THE HYPOTHESIS WITH WORDS LIKE: DOES, WHAT, WHY,…
AIM
THE PROBLEM OR THE ISSUE
40 terms
Experiments
Griffith experiment
Griffiths conclusion
Avery, McCarthy, and MacLeod (1944) ex…
Avery, McCarthy, and MacLeod (1944) co…
Mixed harmless live bacteria with dead diseased bacteria and…
"Something" must have been transferred the dead diseased bact…
Isolated DNA from deadly bacteria injected DNA into bacteria.…
Discovered DNA is the transforming agent. It stores and trans…
Griffith experiment
Mixed harmless live bacteria with dead diseased bacteria and…
Griffiths conclusion
"Something" must have been transferred the dead diseased bact…
16 terms
Experiments
Pink
Blue or green
Green or blue
Faster
If a substance is acidic it will turn the cabbage juice what…
If a substance is basic it will turn the cabbage juice what c…
If a substance is basic it will turn the cabbage juice what c…
If a reaction is heated will it be faster or slower?
Pink
If a substance is acidic it will turn the cabbage juice what…
Blue or green
If a substance is basic it will turn the cabbage juice what c…
8 terms
Experiments
Einstein's theory name
How was Einstein's Photoelectric Exper…
Can an electron accept more than one p…
Energy of a photon
Einstein's Photoelectric Effect
Red light was shone on metal. No electrons. Made light more i…
no.
Einstein's theory name
Einstein's Photoelectric Effect
How was Einstein's Photoelectric Exper…
Red light was shone on metal. No electrons. Made light more i…
17 terms
Experiments
Griffith Conclusion
Griffith Results
Griffith Experiment
Living S Cells
Discovered transformation-a change in genotype and phenotypes…
The living R cells were transformed into pathogenic S bacteri…
studied 2 strains of bacteria. One pathogenic (S) and 1 nonpa…
mouse dies (S)
Griffith Conclusion
Discovered transformation-a change in genotype and phenotypes…
Griffith Results
The living R cells were transformed into pathogenic S bacteri…
14 terms
Experiments
Experiment
Independent variable (IV)
Dependent variable (DV)
Standardised procedure
Manipulate a variable (IV) to see its effect on another varia…
The variable we manipulate
The variable we measure
Ensuring the procedure is kept the same for all participants
Experiment
Manipulate a variable (IV) to see its effect on another varia…
Independent variable (IV)
The variable we manipulate
38 terms
Experiments
Laboratory Experiments
Field
Quasi
What are the strengths of Laboratory E…
Conducted in a controlled environment where the researcher ma…
Conducted in the natural environment where the researcher man…
Where the IV is naturally occuring
- Manipulation of IV can indicate cause-and-effect ... - Increas…
Laboratory Experiments
Conducted in a controlled environment where the researcher ma…
Field
Conducted in the natural environment where the researcher man…
7 terms
EXPERIMENTS
Griffiths Experiments
Avery and McLeod
Hershey and Chase
Levene and Chargaff
1920s... bacteria can transfer genetic information through trans…
1940s... DNA not protein was passed during transformation
1950s... Used radioactive isotopes to label protein and DNA
1950s... DNA is made of 4 'bases' called nucleotides
Griffiths Experiments
1920s... bacteria can transfer genetic information through trans…
Avery and McLeod
1940s... DNA not protein was passed during transformation
6 terms
Experiments
Crick
Yanofsky
Crick and Brenner
Nirenberg and Matthaei
central dogma
colinearity
triplet codons
poly-N
Crick
central dogma
Yanofsky
colinearity
6 terms
Experiments
triangulation
longitudinal study
experiment
hypothesis
using more than one research method or researcher in order to…
a study completed over a long period of time
the testing of a hypothesis under controlled conditions
an educated guess with predicted outcomes about the relations…
triangulation
using more than one research method or researcher in order to…
longitudinal study
a study completed over a long period of time
14 terms
Experiments
block design
cofounding
dependent variable
experiment
Breaking a sample group into subgroups
When reasonable explanations for an experiment are not elimin…
Measured response
Process of data collection, with unknown outcome
block design
Breaking a sample group into subgroups
cofounding
When reasonable explanations for an experiment are not elimin…
19 terms
Experiments
Scientific Method
hypothesis
procedure
experiment
the method of finding out more about the world using several…
a temporary prediction that can be tested about how a scienti…
the steps you take to do something
a scientific test to try out a theory or to see the effect of…
Scientific Method
the method of finding out more about the world using several…
hypothesis
a temporary prediction that can be tested about how a scienti…
10 terms
Experiments
Experiment
Field Study
Variable
Independent Variable
Something that is done to test a hypothesis
An experiment done outdoors
The factor that can change the results of the experiment
The variable you change to see how it will effect the depende…
Experiment
Something that is done to test a hypothesis
Field Study
An experiment done outdoors
15 terms
experiments
natural experiments
classical experimental design
experimental group
control group
-naturally occurring phenomena that approximate the propertie…
1. identify the outcome: DV... 2. do a pretest: measure of DV am…
a group of subjects to whom the stimulus is administered to
a group who does not receive experimental stimulus but resemb…
natural experiments
-naturally occurring phenomena that approximate the propertie…
classical experimental design
1. identify the outcome: DV... 2. do a pretest: measure of DV am…
10 terms
experiments
air is everywhere
diving paper
automatic water fountain
crushing cans
air held the water up because it takes up space. when the fun…
air takes up space so there is no room in the upside downglas…
the pressure in the room is not pushing down from the top but…
the air in the can has less pressure inside than outside. the…
air is everywhere
air held the water up because it takes up space. when the fun…
diving paper
air takes up space so there is no room in the upside downglas…
8 terms
Experiments
Stanley Milgram's Obedience Experiment
Stanley Milgram's Obedience Experiment
Phillip Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Exp…
Phillip Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Exp…
Roles: student, teacher, and scientist... The person playing the…
Experiment where the teachers are supposed to give an electri…
Roles: prisoner and guard
Took place in the basement of the psychology building at Stan…
Stanley Milgram's Obedience Experiment
Roles: student, teacher, and scientist... The person playing the…
Stanley Milgram's Obedience Experiment
Experiment where the teachers are supposed to give an electri…
15 terms
Experiments
Qualitative Data
Prediction
Inference
Hypothesis
Uses words to describe what is observed
A statement of what will happen next in a sequence of events
A logical explanation of an observation drawn from prior know…
A possible explanation for an observation that can be tested…
Qualitative Data
Uses words to describe what is observed
Prediction
A statement of what will happen next in a sequence of events
10 terms
Experiments
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Hypothesis
Control
The variable that is changed by the scientist.
Is what changes in respones to the independent to the variable.
An educated guess to the problem.
The variable that is used for comparison. Its the opposite of…
Independent Variable
The variable that is changed by the scientist.
Dependent Variable
Is what changes in respones to the independent to the variable.
13 terms
Experiments
Topics appropriate for experiments
The components of conventional experim…
Experiments typically examen...
Pretesting
The experimental model is appropriate for hypothesis testing…
1. Independent and dependent variables.... 2. Pretesting and pos…
The effects of an independent variable on a dependent variabl…
The measurement of a dependent variable among subjects before…
Topics appropriate for experiments
The experimental model is appropriate for hypothesis testing…
The components of conventional experim…
1. Independent and dependent variables.... 2. Pretesting and pos…
13 terms
Experiments
experiment
experimental units
subjects
explanatory variable
a method of collecting data in which the researcher exerts co…
treatments are applied to these
human experimental units
tries to explain or bring about changes in the response varia…
experiment
a method of collecting data in which the researcher exerts co…
experimental units
treatments are applied to these
16 terms
Experiments
Observational Study
Experiments
Correlation vs. Causation
Response Variable
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposes some treatment on individuals in order t…
only an experiment can give evidence for a cause and effect (…
measures the outcome of a study
Observational Study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
Experiments
deliberately imposes some treatment on individuals in order t…
91 terms
experiments
Distillation
distillation
3 conditions for distillation
pure substance
technique is useful for separating a mixtures when the compon…
principal method for purifying a liquid
1.) at least one component must be volatile... 2.) if there is m…
boiling point will remain constant through distillation
Distillation
technique is useful for separating a mixtures when the compon…
distillation
principal method for purifying a liquid
Experiments
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Operationalising variables
Extraneous variables
Variable that the researcher manipulates ( potential cause of…
Variable that the researcher measures
How the IV is being manipulated and how the DV is being measu…
Need to be HELD CONSTANT OR RANDOMISED... - environmental condi…
Independent variable
Variable that the researcher manipulates ( potential cause of…
Dependent variable
Variable that the researcher measures
36 terms
Experiments
Observational Study
Experiment
Experimental Unit
Factor/Explanatory Variable
Observes outcomes without imposing any treatment
Actively impose some treatment in order to observe the response
What you're testing. The single individual your'e applying th…
X. What CAUSES the outcome
Observational Study
Observes outcomes without imposing any treatment
Experiment
Actively impose some treatment in order to observe the response
9 terms
Experiments
Purpose
Artificiality of Lab Experiments
Identifying and Controlling Variables…
Ethical Issues of Lab Experiments
discover cause-and-effect relationships through manipulating…
Doubtful whether results can be translated into real world -…
Only effective if all variables are identified and controlled…
Most experiments involve some concealment of the real aims of…
Purpose
discover cause-and-effect relationships through manipulating…
Artificiality of Lab Experiments
Doubtful whether results can be translated into real world -…
12 terms
Experiments
Define science
Scientific methods
Hypothesis
Control
An organized way of studying things and finding answers
Procedures that scientist use to solve problems
A prediction that can be tested
Standard to which the outcome of a test is compared
Define science
An organized way of studying things and finding answers
Scientific methods
Procedures that scientist use to solve problems
15 terms
Experiments
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Constant Variable
Controlled Variable
Cwn be changed by the experimenter
The responding variable that can't be controlled and is neede…
Does not change
Could be changed but shouldn't
Independent Variable
Cwn be changed by the experimenter
Dependent Variable
The responding variable that can't be controlled and is neede…
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