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Study sets matching "extinction a"

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Study sets matching "extinction a"

35 terms
A02 De-extinction
de-extinction
clone
biotechnology
genomics
bringing back species that have gone out of existence
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
Any procedure or methodology that uses biological systems or…
Study and comparison of DNA sequence within a single species…
de-extinction
bringing back species that have gone out of existence
clone
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
35 terms
A02 De-extinction
de-extinction
clone
biotechnology
genomics
bringing back species that have gone out of existence
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
Any procedure or methodology that uses biological systems or…
Study and comparison of DNA sequence within a single species…
de-extinction
bringing back species that have gone out of existence
clone
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
20 terms
A Sinxth extinction
variety
preserve
convey
billion
Vielfallt/Abwechslung
erhalten, bewahren
mitteilen ausdrücken
Milliarde
variety
Vielfallt/Abwechslung
preserve
erhalten, bewahren
12 terms
A2 Geology: Mass Extinctions
Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction: Time
Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction: Effects
Hypothesis: Super continent formation
Hypothesis: Major volcanic activity (S…
- Took place 250 million years ago... - Took place over servera…
- 95% of all marine invertebrates became extinct, including t…
Pangaea formed which has several effects:... - Fewer continenta…
- Emission of poisonous gasses would kill many plants and ani…
Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction: Time
- Took place 250 million years ago... - Took place over servera…
Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction: Effects
- 95% of all marine invertebrates became extinct, including t…
10 terms
A Great Many Endings (extinctions)
Paleozoic
End of Paleozoic (252mya)
Triassic-Jurassic
Cretaceous-Paleogene
Late Devonian (375mya)... -76% existing fish families went extin…
Permian-Triassic boundary... 95% marine species went extinct... -57…
201.3mya... -18 families of tetrapods went extinct... -breakup of p…
66mya... -36 tetrapod families went extinct: pterosaurs, non-avi…
Paleozoic
Late Devonian (375mya)... -76% existing fish families went extin…
End of Paleozoic (252mya)
Permian-Triassic boundary... 95% marine species went extinct... -57…
23 terms
What causes a species to become extinct?
ecosystem
extinction
niche
predation
a community of interacting organisms and their physical envir…
the act of ceasing to exist
the position or role of an organism in its environment
the act of hunting prey
ecosystem
a community of interacting organisms and their physical envir…
extinction
the act of ceasing to exist
14 terms
Ch.6. Decreasing a behaviour with Extinction
Extinction
Factors that Influence Extinction
Humphrey's Paradox
Factors Influencing Extinction... 6. Exti…
non-reinforcement of a previously reinforced behaviour leads…
1) Must control the occurance of reinforcers for the behaviou…
-easier to discriminate that the contingency of reinforcement…
-gets worse before it gets better... *-when extinction procedure…
Extinction
non-reinforcement of a previously reinforced behaviour leads…
Factors that Influence Extinction
1) Must control the occurance of reinforcers for the behaviou…
6 terms
Ch 6: Decreasing a Behavior with Operant Extinction
Operant Extinction
Continuous Reinforcement
Intermittent Reinforcement
Resistant to Extinction
Principle that states that if an individual, in a given situa…
Schedule in which each instance of a particular response is r…
Schedule in which a behavior is reinforced only occasionally…
Behavior that extinguishes slowly
Operant Extinction
Principle that states that if an individual, in a given situa…
Continuous Reinforcement
Schedule in which each instance of a particular response is r…
Ch. 12 Evolution and Extinction (A Tropical Murder Mystery)
Invasive species
Extinction
Selective pressure
Adaptation
a non-native species (a species outside of its range) whose i…
the complete loss of a species from an area; may be local (go…
a nonrandom influence affecting who survives or reproduces.
a trait that helps an individual survive or reproduce.
Invasive species
a non-native species (a species outside of its range) whose i…
Extinction
the complete loss of a species from an area; may be local (go…
Unit 6: Decreasing a Behaviour with Operant Extinction
What are the 2 parts to the principle…
What is the difference between forgett…
If a behaviour that was maintained by…
Why is it necessary to consider the se…
The principle of operant extinction states that (a) if an ind…
Behavior can decrease because of forgetting and operant extin…
When a behavior has always been reinforced and then abruptly…
It is important to consider the setting in which operant exti…
What are the 2 parts to the principle…
The principle of operant extinction states that (a) if an ind…
What is the difference between forgett…
Behavior can decrease because of forgetting and operant extin…
15 terms
GEOG 2 ch 12 humans as a force in evolution and extinction
domestication
agriculture
artificial selection
pastoral nomadicism
process by which plant and animal species come to depend on h…
cultivation of domesticated plants and animals for human use
conscious and unconscious selections practices by humans
form of subsistence where the human herders migrated and move…
domestication
process by which plant and animal species come to depend on h…
agriculture
cultivation of domesticated plants and animals for human use
6 terms
Factors that make a species more or less prone to extinction
Low Numbers
High Degree of specialisation
Distribution
Reproduction potential
When population numbers drop to very low levels they are at r…
Species that have require a highly specialised niche can beco…
Species with a restricted distribution (High endemicity) are…
Species that are K-strategists are more prone to extinction i…
Low Numbers
When population numbers drop to very low levels they are at r…
High Degree of specialisation
Species that have require a highly specialised niche can beco…
8 terms
CHAPTER 6 - Decreasing a Behaviour with Operant Extinction
1. What are the two parts to the princ…
5. What is the difference between forg…
7. If a behavior that was maintained b…
10. Why is it necessary to consider th…
• (1) if an individual, in a given situation, emits a previou…
1. Forgetting: is a behavior is weakened as a function of tim…
● The behavior that was positively reinforced will occur less…
• (1) Minimize influence of alternative reinforces on undesir…
1. What are the two parts to the princ…
• (1) if an individual, in a given situation, emits a previou…
5. What is the difference between forg…
1. Forgetting: is a behavior is weakened as a function of tim…
27 terms
Ecology and the Environment: Near Extinction of a Large Widely Distributed Fish
What question is this paper answering?
What is a skate fish?
Why are sharks and rays susceptible to…
Why have has there been an increase in…
Are extinctions of marine vertebrates as rare and unlikely as…
Skates are cartilaginous fish belonging to the family Rajidae…
They are susceptible to the effects of fishing because they g…
Although shark fisheries usually cause a sharp decline in spe…
What question is this paper answering?
Are extinctions of marine vertebrates as rare and unlikely as…
What is a skate fish?
Skates are cartilaginous fish belonging to the family Rajidae…
12 terms
Z Behavior Modification Ch. 6 Decreasing a Behavior with Operant Extinction
6. The Principle of Operant Extinction
6 Difference Between Punishment and Ex…
6 Difference between Respondent Extinc…
6 Factors Involving the Effectiveness…
The principle of operant extinction states two things which s…
Two differences:... 1. With extinction that decreases the behav…
The first is a decrease in a conditioned response due to a CS…
Extinction will only work if you have correctly identified th…
6. The Principle of Operant Extinction
The principle of operant extinction states two things which s…
6 Difference Between Punishment and Ex…
Two differences:... 1. With extinction that decreases the behav…
22 terms
dino lec 17The K-Pg Mass extinction (and a few highlights since then)
Major Features of K-Pg Extinction
Main Cast of Characters That Went Exti…
Cruised on Through
~65 Ma
• The 5th most severe extinction... • Very well dated (66 Ma)... •…
• Ammonoids... • Belemnites... • Rudist bivalves... • Marine reptiles…
• Turtles, snakes, & lizards... • Some mammals went extinct (esp…
Many terrestrial dinosaurs had already gone extinct,... but at _…
Major Features of K-Pg Extinction
• The 5th most severe extinction... • Very well dated (66 Ma)... •…
Main Cast of Characters That Went Exti…
• Ammonoids... • Belemnites... • Rudist bivalves... • Marine reptiles…
ENGLISH AS A GLOBAL LANGUAGE: Half of world's 7000 languages to become extinct by turn of century (p. 10)
annihilation
surpass
connected to
basic
extinction
exceed
affiliated to
rudimentary
annihilation
extinction
surpass
exceed
16 terms
Extinctions and Explosions of Life on Earth: A History of Biogeographic, Climactic and Evolutionary changes
Extinction
Fossil records show that more than 99%…
Permian period
End of cretaceous
elimination of a species
are now extinct
95% of marine species and 1/2 plant and animal families died…
dinosaurs + 50% of existing genera disappeared 65 MYA
Extinction
elimination of a species
Fossil records show that more than 99%…
are now extinct
150 terms
Jeremy's Life of Pi vocab quiz, Colonial History, What continent is it on, International Landmark Locations, Transformers: Age Of Extinction, AF vocab words 1, and vocab 6,7 A quiz
Feral
Symbiotic
Stressful
Euphoria
Wild and menacing
Organisms living together, especially to mutual advantage
Extremely irritating to the nerves
A feeling of great elation
Feral
Wild and menacing
Symbiotic
Organisms living together, especially to mutual advantage
14 terms
Extinction
K/T boundary
extinction
why does extinction occur?
mass extinction
point between end of the Cretaceous and the Paleozoic when th…
the expected end of organisms
1) organism inferiority - outcompeted... 2) external factors - c…
global spike in extinction in short amount of time
K/T boundary
point between end of the Cretaceous and the Paleozoic when th…
extinction
the expected end of organisms
10 terms
Extinction
extinction
species
trait
breed
Typically describes a species that no longer has any known li…
A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other an…
A genetically determined characteristic or condition. Traits…
To produce or reproduce by giving birth or hatching.
extinction
Typically describes a species that no longer has any known li…
species
A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other an…
16 terms
Extinction Unit
extinction
species
endangered
habitat
A term that describes a species that no longer has any known…
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
A species in danger of becoming extinct in the near future
A place where an organism lives
extinction
A term that describes a species that no longer has any known…
species
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
62 terms
Extinction Key Terms
Variation
Adaptation
Franz Boas
Rudolph Virchow
Individuals have a unique set of traits that may lead to adap…
An inherited trait that increases an organism's chance of sur…
Father of American anthropology.
Father of cell theory
Variation
Individuals have a unique set of traits that may lead to adap…
Adaptation
An inherited trait that increases an organism's chance of sur…
48 terms
Chapter 7: Extinction
Extinct
Extant
Extinct in the Wild
Globally Extinct
after a thorough search, no individuals of a species can be f…
Sill living
If individuals only remain in captivity
Extinct all around the world
Extinct
after a thorough search, no individuals of a species can be f…
Extant
Sill living
49 terms
Addy's Adaptation and Extinction
adaptation
camouflage
era
extinct
a physical feature of behavior that helps an organism survive…
the coloring, marking, or other physical appearance of a anim…
a major division of geologic time defined by events that took…
no longer living; when the last member of a species is extinct.
adaptation
a physical feature of behavior that helps an organism survive…
camouflage
the coloring, marking, or other physical appearance of a anim…
8 terms
Extinction
Geologic Time Scale
Extinct
Endangered
Mass Extinction
Divisions of Earth's history originally based on observations…
A species having no living members
a species that is at risk for extinction; low in numbers
Extinction of a large number of species
Geologic Time Scale
Divisions of Earth's history originally based on observations…
Extinct
A species having no living members
11 terms
Mass extinction
Overkill
Introduction
Habitat destruction
Burning fossil fuels
Over kill by hunting and fishing until numbers are greatly re…
of competitors, disease and predators that are new to the env…
organisms have a smaller and smaller natural environment that…
increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere leads to change in…
Overkill
Over kill by hunting and fishing until numbers are greatly re…
Introduction
of competitors, disease and predators that are new to the env…
10 terms
Ch 14 - Extinction
You must record the behavior before an…
Extinction involves eliminating the __…
When considering extinction, you must…
When considering extinction, you must…
extinction
reinforcer
change agent
safe
You must record the behavior before an…
extinction
Extinction involves eliminating the __…
reinforcer
Extinction
Extinction
Phyletic Extinction
Trophic Cascades
Background Extinction Rate
The loss of all individuals in the... population of a given spec…
Represents the replacement... of an ancestral species by its own…
When species go extinct, their loss can have wider implicatio…
Extinction is a regular part of the evolution of life on Eart…
Extinction
The loss of all individuals in the... population of a given spec…
Phyletic Extinction
Represents the replacement... of an ancestral species by its own…
12 terms
Extinction
extinction
Causes of extinction
environmental changes
habitat
is what happens to an entire species when its last member dies
floods, pollution, over-fishing, and drought
changes to living or nonliving things in an ecosystem, for ex…
is a place where plants and animals live
extinction
is what happens to an entire species when its last member dies
Causes of extinction
floods, pollution, over-fishing, and drought
11 terms
Extinction
Species
Extinction
Asteroid
Earthquake
A family of animals
When an animal family died
A big rock from space
When the earth moves
Species
A family of animals
Extinction
When an animal family died
48 terms
Extinction
Immanuel Velikovsky
Luis & Walter Alvarez
iridium anomaly
Tunguska event
-loner who advocated for catastrophes... -concluded that there m…
-Luiz was a Nobel award winning physicist, devised a new meth…
-the alvarez team found an increased spike in iridium levels…
-June 30, 1908, an asteroid exploded about five miles off the…
Immanuel Velikovsky
-loner who advocated for catastrophes... -concluded that there m…
Luis & Walter Alvarez
-Luiz was a Nobel award winning physicist, devised a new meth…
27 terms
extinction
definition of extinction
background extinction
mass extinction
K/T (end Cretaceous)
mass death of a species resulting in the species being wiped…
"Natural" extinction of single species. Usually result of nat…
sudden increase in amount of extinction. usually has to do wi…
The extinction that killed the dinosaurs. Asteroid hit earth
definition of extinction
mass death of a species resulting in the species being wiped…
background extinction
"Natural" extinction of single species. Usually result of nat…
8 terms
Extinction
Extinction
Biodiversity
Endangered Species
Gene Banks
The situation resulting from a species that died out completely
The variety of organisms living in an area
Animals or plants that only have a small population and can b…
Special places to store genetic samples from different species
Extinction
The situation resulting from a species that died out completely
Biodiversity
The variety of organisms living in an area
19 terms
extinction
extinction
impact
perspective
consumer
the end of an organism
make some changes to other things
the way you think something being un employed has made me see…
Customers buy something and they are consumer.
extinction
the end of an organism
impact
make some changes to other things
18 terms
Extinction
EXTINCTION
To withdraw Reinforcement and ignore B…
What happens to BX when we use the Ext…
What is the difference BTWN Extinction…
...
Extinction procedure
The BX will eventually stop. Extinctions not fast BX will dec…
Planned ignoring will only work if Attention is the Reinforce…
EXTINCTION
...
To withdraw Reinforcement and ignore B…
Extinction procedure
14 terms
Extinction
K/T boundary
extinction
why does extinction occur?
mass extinction
point between end of the Mesozoic and the Cenozoic when the m…
the expected end of organisms
1) organism inferiority - outcompeted... 2) external factors - c…
global spike in extinction in short amount of time
K/T boundary
point between end of the Mesozoic and the Cenozoic when the m…
extinction
the expected end of organisms
22 terms
Sixth Mass Extinction
Background extinction
Bushmeat trade
Centinelan extinction
Ecological holocaust
• Normal, natural rate of extinction (excluding human influen…
• The trade and sale of wild animals for food... • Prime ex. of…
• The extinction of species not yet recorded... • "Out of sight…
• The extinction of an entire community, EO Wilson
Background extinction
• Normal, natural rate of extinction (excluding human influen…
Bushmeat trade
• The trade and sale of wild animals for food... • Prime ex. of…
8 terms
Environmental Changes and Extinction
Environmental Changes
Extinction
Endangered
Natural Disaster
Changes to living or nonliving things in an environment
When all the members in a species die out
When the population of a species is low and it could become e…
A natural event that causes destruction to an environment
Environmental Changes
Changes to living or nonliving things in an environment
Extinction
When all the members in a species die out
9 terms
Extinction
*Phyletic Extinction
*Phyletic Speciation
*(True) Extinction
*Mass Extinction
- replacement of a species by its descendant species.
- gradual change of one species into another species along on…
- a contraction of a species geographic range and population…
- a time where extinction events greatly outnumber speciation…
*Phyletic Extinction
- replacement of a species by its descendant species.
*Phyletic Speciation
- gradual change of one species into another species along on…
8 terms
HOL_TF_066_Dinosaur Extinction
verification
presumption
unravel
enigma
(n) additional proof that something that was believed (some f…
(n1) something that people think is probably true / 추정
(v1) If you _____ a difficult situation or story, or if it __…
(n) anything that is puzzling, mysterious, or hard to figure…
verification
(n) additional proof that something that was believed (some f…
presumption
(n1) something that people think is probably true / 추정
15 terms
Chapter 21 - Extinction
Extinction
Process of extinction
Extinction of behaviors maintained by…
Extinction if behaviors maintained by…
reinforcement of a previously reinforced behavior is disconti…
immediate increase in frequency of behavior once extinction i…
behaviors maintained by positive reinforcement are placed on…
behaviors do not produce a removal of the aversive stimuli, m…
Extinction
reinforcement of a previously reinforced behavior is disconti…
Process of extinction
immediate increase in frequency of behavior once extinction i…
31 terms
Extinction
Extinction
Extinction Characteristics
Procedural Forms of Extinction
Funcional Forms of Extinction
is a procedure in which reinforcement of a previously reinfor…
-Extinction is a procedure that provides zero probability of…
Procedural forms of extinction involve "ignoring" the problem…
Functional forms of extinction involve withholding the mainta…
Extinction
is a procedure in which reinforcement of a previously reinfor…
Extinction Characteristics
-Extinction is a procedure that provides zero probability of…
12 terms
Mass Extinction Bulkowski
mass extinction
biodiversity
Biologist
ecosystem
event in which many types of living things become extinct at…
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
a person who studies living things
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
mass extinction
event in which many types of living things become extinct at…
biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
15 terms
chapter 5- extinction
behavioral definition of exinction
example of extinction
extinction bursts
extinction burst and what three things…
process that weakens the operant behavior ... *A behavior that…
Right before each class day, she stops at the coffee machine,…
Increase in frequency, duration, or intensity of the unreinfo…
...
behavioral definition of exinction
process that weakens the operant behavior ... *A behavior that…
example of extinction
Right before each class day, she stops at the coffee machine,…
42 terms
The Sixth Extinction
Central America
amphibians
Costa Rica
Panama
the small strip of countries between Mexico and South America
animals that regularly live in water and on land
a country in Central America
a country in Central America
Central America
the small strip of countries between Mexico and South America
amphibians
animals that regularly live in water and on land
11 terms
Extinction Vocabulary
mass extinction
evidence
fieldwork
biodiversity
The extinction of a large number of species within a relative…
A thing or set of things helpful in forming a hypothesis, cla…
Work done or observations made in the field (outside) as oppo…
The number and variety of species found within a geographic r…
mass extinction
The extinction of a large number of species within a relative…
evidence
A thing or set of things helpful in forming a hypothesis, cla…
10 terms
Extinction vocabulary
extinction
species
trait
evolution
all of one animal is gone/dead, all of one plant is gone/dead
a group of animals or plants that are similar
a quality or characteristic
series of changes in an organism, changes over time
extinction
all of one animal is gone/dead, all of one plant is gone/dead
species
a group of animals or plants that are similar
15 terms
Extinction
(A) Background Extinction vs. (B) Mass…
What Causes Mass Extinction?
Anoxia/Hypoxia
Evidence for Anoxia
A) The "normal" turnover in diversity expected as a result of…
• Rapid environmental change of some kind... - too rapid for evo…
• Oxygen in the ocean is depleted... - things use it up... - temper…
• Black Shales... - burial of organic matter before it can decay
(A) Background Extinction vs. (B) Mass…
A) The "normal" turnover in diversity expected as a result of…
What Causes Mass Extinction?
• Rapid environmental change of some kind... - too rapid for evo…
10 terms
Extinction Vocabulary
absolute age
relative age
principle of superposition
fossil
age in years of a geologic event, fossil, or rock
the age of one object or event compared to another object or…
the youngest layer is on top and the oldest is on bottom
remains, impression, track, or other evidence of ancient orga…
absolute age
age in years of a geologic event, fossil, or rock
relative age
the age of one object or event compared to another object or…
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