Study sets matching "extinction a"

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Study sets matching "extinction a"

35 terms
A02 De-extinction
de-extinction
clone
biotechnology
genomics
bringing back species that have gone out of existence
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
Any procedure or methodology that uses biological systems or…
Study and comparison of DNA sequence within a single species…
de-extinction
bringing back species that have gone out of existence
clone
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
35 terms
A02 De-extinction
de-extinction
clone
biotechnology
genomics
bringing back species that have gone out of existence
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
Any procedure or methodology that uses biological systems or…
Study and comparison of DNA sequence within a single species…
de-extinction
bringing back species that have gone out of existence
clone
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
10 terms
A Great Many Endings (extinctions)
Paleozoic
End of Paleozoic (252mya)
Triassic-Jurassic
Cretaceous-Paleogene
Late Devonian (375mya)... -76% existing fish families went extin…
Permian-Triassic boundary... 95% marine species went extinct... -57…
201.3mya... -18 families of tetrapods went extinct... -breakup of p…
66mya... -36 tetrapod families went extinct: pterosaurs, non-avi…
Paleozoic
Late Devonian (375mya)... -76% existing fish families went extin…
End of Paleozoic (252mya)
Permian-Triassic boundary... 95% marine species went extinct... -57…
14 terms
Ch.6. Decreasing a behaviour with Extinction
Extinction
Factors that Influence Extinction
Humphrey's Paradox
Factors Influencing Extinction... 6. Exti…
non-reinforcement of a previously reinforced behaviour leads…
1) Must control the occurance of reinforcers for the behaviou…
-easier to discriminate that the contingency of reinforcement…
-gets worse before it gets better... *-when extinction procedure…
Extinction
non-reinforcement of a previously reinforced behaviour leads…
Factors that Influence Extinction
1) Must control the occurance of reinforcers for the behaviou…
12 terms
A2 Geology: Mass Extinctions
Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction: Time
Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction: Effects
Hypothesis: Super continent formation
Hypothesis: Major volcanic activity (S…
- Took place 250 million years ago... - Took place over servera…
- 95% of all marine invertebrates became extinct, including t…
Pangaea formed which has several effects:... - Fewer continenta…
- Emission of poisonous gasses would kill many plants and ani…
Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction: Time
- Took place 250 million years ago... - Took place over servera…
Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction: Effects
- 95% of all marine invertebrates became extinct, including t…
Mass extinction, natural selection &a reproduction review
Of all living things that have ever li…
how many mass extinctions have happene…
How many living things die off in a ma…
What are three possible causes of past…
99%
5
50-90 %
Volcanoes, asteroids, glaciers
Of all living things that have ever li…
99%
how many mass extinctions have happene…
5
23 terms
What causes a species to become extinct?
ecosystem
extinction
niche
predation
a community of interacting organisms and their physical envir…
the act of ceasing to exist
the position or role of an organism in its environment
the act of hunting prey
ecosystem
a community of interacting organisms and their physical envir…
extinction
the act of ceasing to exist
What causes a species to become extinct?
ecosystem
extinction
niche
predation
a community of interacting organisms and their physical envir…
the act of ceasing to exist
the position or role of an organism in its enviornment
the act of hunting prey
ecosystem
a community of interacting organisms and their physical envir…
extinction
the act of ceasing to exist
7 terms
Brought a Species Back from Extinction
tantalize
anecdote
veterinarian
crude
to be strongly attractive to... ex) The aroma coming from the ba…
a short usually amusing account of an incident or funny event…
a doctor for animals... ex) I went to a veterinarian yesterday b…
very simple and basic ... ex 1) in crude terms, the causes of me…
tantalize
to be strongly attractive to... ex) The aroma coming from the ba…
anecdote
a short usually amusing account of an incident or funny event…
6 terms
Giraffes, once thought plentiful, now face threat of "a silent extinction"
Squeal
Subspecies
Poise
Vanish
(N) a long, very high sound or cry: ... The train ground to a h…
(N) a group of similar plants or animals that is smaller than…
(V) put sth in a carefully balance position... He poised a bott…
(V) suddenly stop existing = disappear
Squeal
(N) a long, very high sound or cry: ... The train ground to a h…
Subspecies
(N) a group of similar plants or animals that is smaller than…
5 terms
16. evidence of a relatively sudden extinction of species
geologist
quartz
credence
dispersion
(n)nhà địa chất
đá thạch anh ... shocked quartz = cracked minerals
(N) sự tin, lòng tin, tín ngưỡng
phân tán, tán sắc
geologist
(n)nhà địa chất
quartz
đá thạch anh ... shocked quartz = cracked minerals
Mass extinctions OCR A2 Geology
When where the big 5 mass extinctions?
How long ago was the Ordovician Siluri…
How long ago was the late Devonian eve…
How long ago was the permo Triassic ev…
The Ordovician silurian boundary ... The end of the devonian... T…
443ma
375ma
251ma
When where the big 5 mass extinctions?
The Ordovician silurian boundary ... The end of the devonian... T…
How long ago was the Ordovician Siluri…
443ma
Ch 6: Decreasing a Behavior with Operant Extinction
Operant Extinction
Continuous Reinforcement
Intermittent Reinforcement
Resistant to Extinction
Principle that states that if an individual, in a given situa…
Schedule in which each instance of a particular response is r…
Schedule in which a behavior is reinforced only occasionally…
Behavior that extinguishes slowly
Operant Extinction
Principle that states that if an individual, in a given situa…
Continuous Reinforcement
Schedule in which each instance of a particular response is r…
Ch. 12 Evolution and Extinction (A Tropical Murder Mystery)
Invasive species
Extinction
Selective pressure
Adaptation
a non-native species (a species outside of its range) whose i…
the complete loss of a species from an area; may be local (go…
a nonrandom influence affecting who survives or reproduces.
a trait that helps an individual survive or reproduce.
Invasive species
a non-native species (a species outside of its range) whose i…
Extinction
the complete loss of a species from an area; may be local (go…
15 terms
GEOG 2 ch 12 humans as a force in evolution and extinction
domestication
agriculture
artificial selection
pastoral nomadicism
process by which plant and animal species come to depend on h…
cultivation of domesticated plants and animals for human use
conscious and unconscious selections practices by humans
form of subsistence where the human herders migrated and move…
domestication
process by which plant and animal species come to depend on h…
agriculture
cultivation of domesticated plants and animals for human use
8 terms
CHAPTER 6 - Decreasing a Behaviour with Operant Extinction
1. What are the two parts to the princ…
5. What is the difference between forg…
7. If a behavior that was maintained b…
10. Why is it necessary to consider th…
• (1) if an individual, in a given situation, emits a previou…
1. Forgetting: is a behavior is weakened as a function of tim…
● The behavior that was positively reinforced will occur less…
• (1) Minimize influence of alternative reinforces on undesir…
1. What are the two parts to the princ…
• (1) if an individual, in a given situation, emits a previou…
5. What is the difference between forg…
1. Forgetting: is a behavior is weakened as a function of tim…
6 terms
Factors that make a species more or less prone to extinction
Low Numbers
High Degree of specialisation
Distribution
Reproduction potential
When population numbers drop to very low levels they are at r…
Species that have require a highly specialised niche can beco…
Species with a restricted distribution (High endemicity) are…
Species that are K-strategists are more prone to extinction i…
Low Numbers
When population numbers drop to very low levels they are at r…
High Degree of specialisation
Species that have require a highly specialised niche can beco…
Unit 6: Decreasing a Behaviour with Operant Extinction
What are the 2 parts to the principle…
What is the difference between forgett…
If a behaviour that was maintained by…
Why is it necessary to consider the se…
The principle of operant extinction states that (a) if an ind…
Behavior can decrease because of forgetting and operant extin…
When a behavior has always been reinforced and then abruptly…
It is important to consider the setting in which operant exti…
What are the 2 parts to the principle…
The principle of operant extinction states that (a) if an ind…
What is the difference between forgett…
Behavior can decrease because of forgetting and operant extin…
20 terms
Science Test: How can a species become extinct?
uninhabitable
predation
ecosystem
extinction
not fit for living
the act of hunting prey
a community of interacting organisms and their physical envir…
the act of ceasing to exist
uninhabitable
not fit for living
predation
the act of hunting prey
37 terms
Module 2 : notions relatives a l'extinction incendie
Tuyaux semi rigide... Tuyaux souple... (pg 8…
500L/min... (pg 9)
Faux, sert aussi pour reffoulement... ex:…
2... action rapide ... filete ... (pg 10)
Il y a combien de types de tuyaux, nommez les?
Donnez le debit d'un tuyaux avec un diametre de 1 3/4 po
Vrai ou Faux? Est ce que un tuyaux de 4po sert seulement pour…
Il existe combien de types de raccords? Nommez les
Tuyaux semi rigide... Tuyaux souple... (pg 8…
Il y a combien de types de tuyaux, nommez les?
500L/min... (pg 9)
Donnez le debit d'un tuyaux avec un diametre de 1 3/4 po
27 terms
Ecology and the Environment: Near Extinction of a Large Widely Distributed Fish
What question is this paper answering?
What is a skate fish?
Why are sharks and rays susceptible to…
Why have has there been an increase in…
Are extinctions of marine vertebrates as rare and unlikely as…
Skates are cartilaginous fish belonging to the family Rajidae…
They are susceptible to the effects of fishing because they g…
Although shark fisheries usually cause a sharp decline in spe…
What question is this paper answering?
Are extinctions of marine vertebrates as rare and unlikely as…
What is a skate fish?
Skates are cartilaginous fish belonging to the family Rajidae…
12 terms
Z Behavior Modification Ch. 6 Decreasing a Behavior with Operant Extinction
6. The Principle of Operant Extinction
6 Difference Between Punishment and Ex…
6 Difference between Respondent Extinc…
6 Factors Involving the Effectiveness…
The principle of operant extinction states two things which s…
Two differences:... 1. With extinction that decreases the behav…
The first is a decrease in a conditioned response due to a CS…
Extinction will only work if you have correctly identified th…
6. The Principle of Operant Extinction
The principle of operant extinction states two things which s…
6 Difference Between Punishment and Ex…
Two differences:... 1. With extinction that decreases the behav…
dino lec 17The K-Pg Mass extinction (and a few highlights since then)
Major Features of K-Pg Extinction
Main Cast of Characters That Went Exti…
Cruised on Through
~65 Ma
• The 5th most severe extinction... • Very well dated (66 Ma)... •…
• Ammonoids... • Belemnites... • Rudist bivalves... • Marine reptiles…
• Turtles, snakes, & lizards... • Some mammals went extinct (esp…
Many terrestrial dinosaurs had already gone extinct,... but at _…
Major Features of K-Pg Extinction
• The 5th most severe extinction... • Very well dated (66 Ma)... •…
Main Cast of Characters That Went Exti…
• Ammonoids... • Belemnites... • Rudist bivalves... • Marine reptiles…
ENGLISH AS A GLOBAL LANGUAGE: Half of world's 7000 languages to become extinct by turn of century (p. 10)
annihilation
surpass
connected to
basic
extinction
exceed
affiliated to
rudimentary
annihilation
extinction
surpass
exceed
16 terms
Extinctions and Explosions of Life on Earth: A History of Biogeographic, Climactic and Evolutionary changes
Extinction
Fossil records show that more than 99%…
Permian period
End of cretaceous
elimination of a species
are now extinct
95% of marine species and 1/2 plant and animal families died…
dinosaurs + 50% of existing genera disappeared 65 MYA
Extinction
elimination of a species
Fossil records show that more than 99%…
are now extinct
150 terms
Jeremy's Life of Pi vocab quiz, Colonial History, What continent is it on, International Landmark Locations, Transformers: Age Of Extinction, AF vocab words 1, and vocab 6,7 A quiz
Feral
Symbiotic
Stressful
Euphoria
Wild and menacing
Organisms living together, especially to mutual advantage
Extremely irritating to the nerves
A feeling of great elation
Feral
Wild and menacing
Symbiotic
Organisms living together, especially to mutual advantage
89 terms
extinction
almost all species are exinctint
four subfields of anthropology
Franz Boas
Rudolf Virchow
maybe forty million species alive today... maybe five to fifty b…
cultural... linguistic... archaeology... biological
father of American Anthorpology
cell theory... germs causes disease was believed in his time... cel…
almost all species are exinctint
maybe forty million species alive today... maybe five to fifty b…
four subfields of anthropology
cultural... linguistic... archaeology... biological
14 terms
Extinction
K/T boundary
extinction
why does extinction occur?
mass extinction
point between end of the Cretaceous and the Paleozoic when th…
the expected end of organisms
1) organism inferiority - outcompeted... 2) external factors - c…
global spike in extinction in short amount of time
K/T boundary
point between end of the Cretaceous and the Paleozoic when th…
extinction
the expected end of organisms
Extinction Key Terms
Variation
Adaptation
Franz Boas
Rudolph Virchow
Individuals have a unique set of traits that may lead to adap…
An inherited trait that increases an organism's chance of sur…
Father of American anthropology.
Father of cell theory
Variation
Individuals have a unique set of traits that may lead to adap…
Adaptation
An inherited trait that increases an organism's chance of sur…
7 terms
Extinction
fossil
species
extinct
habitat
Evidence of an animal that lived long ago.
A type of organism.
A species that no longer exists
The natural home or environment of an animal. Most species be…
fossil
Evidence of an animal that lived long ago.
species
A type of organism.
48 terms
Chapter 7: Extinction
Extinct
Extant
Extinct in the Wild
Globally Extinct
after a thorough search, no individuals of a species can be f…
Sill living
If individuals only remain in captivity
Extinct all around the world
Extinct
after a thorough search, no individuals of a species can be f…
Extant
Sill living
16 terms
Extinction Unit
extinction
species
endangered
habitat
A term that describes a species that no longer has any known…
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
A species in danger of becoming extinct in the near future
A place where an organism lives
extinction
A term that describes a species that no longer has any known…
species
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
Ch 14 - Extinction
You must record the behavior before an…
Extinction involves eliminating the __…
When considering extinction, you must…
When considering extinction, you must…
extinction
reinforcer
change agent
safe
You must record the behavior before an…
extinction
Extinction involves eliminating the __…
reinforcer
10 terms
Extinction
extinction
species
trait
breed
Typically describes a species that no longer has any known li…
A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other an…
A genetically determined characteristic or condition. Traits…
To produce or reproduce by giving birth or hatching.
extinction
Typically describes a species that no longer has any known li…
species
A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other an…
Rutgers Extinction Final Study Guide
What is evolution?
What is Natural Selection?
What is the "Dead Parrot" concept?
What is anthropology?
Change over time
Survival of the fittest (the ability to survive and re-produce)
Accepted science that some large part of the public denies
The most humanistic way of the social sciences and the most s…
What is evolution?
Change over time
What is Natural Selection?
Survival of the fittest (the ability to survive and re-produce)
Extinction 101 Midterm Rutgers
Evolution by Natural Selection (Logical)
Phenotype
Differential Survival & Reproduction
Genotype
-More individuals are born than can survive... -Limited resource…
the set of observable characteristics of an individual result…
the idea that organisms best adapted to a given environment w…
the genetic constitution of an individual organism
Evolution by Natural Selection (Logical)
-More individuals are born than can survive... -Limited resource…
Phenotype
the set of observable characteristics of an individual result…
Extinction
Extinction
3 types of extinction
Automatic reinforcement
Negative reinforcement
AKA EXT; Operant Extinction. A procedure that occurs when a p…
Positive reinforcement, Automatic reinforcement (Sensory exti…
AKA Sensory extinction. Mask or remove the sensory consequence.
AKA Escape extinction. Individual cannot escape aversive situ…
Extinction
AKA EXT; Operant Extinction. A procedure that occurs when a p…
3 types of extinction
Positive reinforcement, Automatic reinforcement (Sensory exti…
20 terms
The Extinction of the Dinosaurs voc
fascination
giant
creature
skeleton
being extremely interested in something
any creature of exceptional size
a living being, especially an animal
a framework of living bones that supports your body
fascination
being extremely interested in something
giant
any creature of exceptional size
117 terms
Extinction Of Species
Crisis-Oriented
Mission-Driven
Biological Diversity (biodiversity)
Why is genetic diversity important?... Lo…
Its relationship to ecology is like that of surgery to physio…
The explicit goal of conservation biology in their research
The complete range of variety in species their ecosystem inte…
Long-term: increase ability of species to adapt to future env…
Crisis-Oriented
Its relationship to ecology is like that of surgery to physio…
Mission-Driven
The explicit goal of conservation biology in their research
31 terms
Extinction
Extinction
Extinction Characteristics
Procedural Forms of Extinction
Funcional Forms of Extinction
is a procedure in which reinforcement of a previously reinfor…
-Extinction is a procedure that provides zero probability of…
Procedural forms of extinction involve "ignoring" the problem…
Functional forms of extinction involve withholding the mainta…
Extinction
is a procedure in which reinforcement of a previously reinfor…
Extinction Characteristics
-Extinction is a procedure that provides zero probability of…
Extinction
Species
Extinction
Asteroid
Earthquake
A family of animals
When an animal family died
A big rock from space
When the earth moves
Species
A family of animals
Extinction
When an animal family died
111 terms
Extinction Midterm
Extinction
Anthropology
Subfield of Anthropology
Historical Particularism
End of species... Extinction occurs whenever a biological specie…
The most humanistic of the social sciences and the most scien…
Cultural Anthropology... Linguistic Anthropology... Archaeology... Bio…
Claims that each society has its own historical development a…
Extinction
End of species... Extinction occurs whenever a biological specie…
Anthropology
The most humanistic of the social sciences and the most scien…
extinction
exctinction
1 to 10 million years
immediate cause of extinction
causes of extinction
the end of an organism or of a group of organisms, normally a…
species last how long before going extinct
environmental (living or nonliving parts)
competition among species, habitat destruction, human impact
exctinction
the end of an organism or of a group of organisms, normally a…
1 to 10 million years
species last how long before going extinct
Extinction
Immanuel Velikovsky
Luis & Walter Alvarez
iridium anomaly
Tunguska event
-loner who advocated for catastrophes... -concluded that there m…
-Luiz was a Nobel award winning physicist, devised a new meth…
-the alvarez team found an increased spike in iridium levels…
-June 30, 1908, an asteroid exploded about five miles off the…
Immanuel Velikovsky
-loner who advocated for catastrophes... -concluded that there m…
Luis & Walter Alvarez
-Luiz was a Nobel award winning physicist, devised a new meth…
27 terms
extinction
definition of extinction
background extinction
mass extinction
K/T (end Cretaceous)
mass death of a species resulting in the species being wiped…
"Natural" extinction of single species. Usually result of nat…
sudden increase in amount of extinction. usually has to do wi…
The extinction that killed the dinosaurs. Asteroid hit earth
definition of extinction
mass death of a species resulting in the species being wiped…
background extinction
"Natural" extinction of single species. Usually result of nat…
217 terms
Extinction of Species
Species diversity
Genetic Diversity
Ecosystem diversity
Morphological definition of species
The entire range of species found in a particular place
The range of genetic variation found within a species
The variety of ecosystems present in a place or geographic area
A group of individuals, recognized as a species, that is morp…
Species diversity
The entire range of species found in a particular place
Genetic Diversity
The range of genetic variation found within a species
8 terms
Extinction
Extinction
Biodiversity
Endangered Species
Gene Banks
The situation resulting from a species that died out completely
The variety of organisms living in an area
Animals or plants that only have a small population and can b…
Special places to store genetic samples from different species
Extinction
The situation resulting from a species that died out completely
Biodiversity
The variety of organisms living in an area
Extinction- lecture 9
flowering plants
Earth as a single year
Major Transitions of life
Language
-fruits are very important to diversification of primates... -ea…
-May (life begins)... -December 15-26 (dinosaurs roam earth)... -Ne…
-from replicating molecules---human societies (language)... -ind…
-recent major transition... -only other animal that MAYBE had la…
flowering plants
-fruits are very important to diversification of primates... -ea…
Earth as a single year
-May (life begins)... -December 15-26 (dinosaurs roam earth)... -Ne…
123 terms
Prof. Scott Rutgers Extinction Fall Semester 2016 Final
What type of species has the best chan…
Main idea of Miller et al
David Raup on hominins and extinction
Definition of a hominin
eukaryotic cosmopolitan species living at higher altitudes
Driving force of mega-fauna extinction in the Pleistocene, th…
Extinction has not played a huge role in our ancestor however…
The group consisting of modern humans, extinct human species…
What type of species has the best chan…
eukaryotic cosmopolitan species living at higher altitudes
Main idea of Miller et al
Driving force of mega-fauna extinction in the Pleistocene, th…
11 terms
Mass extinction
Overkill
Introduction
Habitat destruction
Burning fossil fuels
Over kill by hunting and fishing until numbers are greatly re…
of competitors, disease and predators that are new to the env…
organisms have a smaller and smaller natural environment that…
increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere leads to change in…
Overkill
Over kill by hunting and fishing until numbers are greatly re…
Introduction
of competitors, disease and predators that are new to the env…
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