How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "extraoral exam"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "extraoral exam"

93 terms
Extraoral
Hemiplegia
Paraplegia
Hemiparesis
Paraparesis
Paralysis one side
Paralysis both sides
Weakness on one side
Weakness on both sides
Hemiplegia
Paralysis one side
Paraplegia
Paralysis both sides
12 terms
extraoral
posteroanterior and lateral cephalomet…
posteroanterior projection
Waters projection is used to evaluate
reverse Towne projection is used to id…
facial growth and development
helps visualize the frontal and ethmoid sinuses, as well as t…
maxillary sinus area
fractures of the condylar neck and ramus area.
posteroanterior and lateral cephalomet…
facial growth and development
posteroanterior projection
helps visualize the frontal and ethmoid sinuses, as well as t…
15 terms
Extraoral
extraoral
panoramic imaging
screen film
cassette
receptor that is placed outside the mouth during x-ray exposure
extraoral technique used to examine the maxilla and mandible…
film used for extraoral exposures; sensitive to the light emi…
functions to hold the screen film in tight contact with the i…
extraoral
receptor that is placed outside the mouth during x-ray exposure
panoramic imaging
extraoral technique used to examine the maxilla and mandible…
20 terms
Extraoral
Grid
Where is the grid placeD?
Lateral Jaw
Skull Radiography
a device used to reduce the amount go scatter radiation that…
between the patients head and the film
used to examine the posterior region of the mandible ... include…
used to examine the bones of the face and skull... --oral surger…
Grid
a device used to reduce the amount go scatter radiation that…
Where is the grid placeD?
between the patients head and the film
66 terms
Extraoral exam
6 types of Gait
Hemiplegia
Paraplegia
Hemiparesis
o Hemiplegia... o Paraplegia... o Hemiparesis... o Paraparesis... o Ataxi…
Paralysis on one side
paralysis on both sides
Weakness one side
6 types of Gait
o Hemiplegia... o Paraplegia... o Hemiparesis... o Paraparesis... o Ataxi…
Hemiplegia
Paralysis on one side
38 terms
Extraoral Structures
Thyroid cartilage
Mandible
Parotid salivary gland
Zygomatic arch
Thyroid cartilage
Mandible
34 terms
Extraoral Radiology
Anatomic planes (name 3)
Lateral skull
Lateral skull radiograph
Posterior-anterior projection
saggital (midline)... coronal (~ear to ear)... axial (anterior -> p…
midsaggital plane of patients head = parallel to receptor... Be…
midsag plane of head = perp. to receptor... forehead + nose tou…
Anatomic planes (name 3)
saggital (midline)... coronal (~ear to ear)... axial (anterior -> p…
Lateral skull
midsaggital plane of patients head = parallel to receptor... Be…
43 terms
Extraoral Radiography
help construct dental appliances (dent…
extraoral radiography
intraoral, development
anterior-posterior view
What does a prosthodontist do?
_____ ______ examines all views of the orofacial region with…
Extraoral radiography supplements information gained ______.…
What view is this?
help construct dental appliances (dent…
What does a prosthodontist do?
extraoral radiography
_____ ______ examines all views of the orofacial region with…
45 terms
extraoral criteria
cephalostat
frankfort line
canthomeatal line
lateral cephalometric
a device used to stabilize the patient's head in a plane para…
a line from the superior border of the external auditory meat…
a line from the central point of the external auditory meatus…
in which skull projection can you see the nasopharyngeal soft…
cephalostat
a device used to stabilize the patient's head in a plane para…
frankfort line
a line from the superior border of the external auditory meat…
16 terms
extraoral radiography
purpose of extraoral radiographs
what extraoral films are used for oral…
what extraoral films are used for orth…
what extraoral films are used for pros…
to evaluate large areas of jaw and skull... growth and developme…
primarily posterior-anterior ... lateral jaw... panoramic... lateral…
posterior-anterior... panoramic... lateral skull... to monitor growth…
expose 2 facial profile radiographs before teeth are extracte…
purpose of extraoral radiographs
to evaluate large areas of jaw and skull... growth and developme…
what extraoral films are used for oral…
primarily posterior-anterior ... lateral jaw... panoramic... lateral…
14 terms
Extraoral Exam
Extraoral Exam
Two Primary Examination Techniques
Bidigital
Bimanual
To locate and recognize areas of abnormalities.... Identify pote…
1. Inspection... 2. Palpation
Compression between fingers of one hand
Compression between fingers of both hands
Extraoral Exam
To locate and recognize areas of abnormalities.... Identify pote…
Two Primary Examination Techniques
1. Inspection... 2. Palpation
38 terms
Extraoral Exam
Digital palpation
Bi digital palpation
Manual palpation
Bimanual palpation
Index finger only.
Finger and thumb of same hand.
All fingers of one hand to simultaneously move or compress ti…
Using index finger of one hand and fivers and thumb of other…
Digital palpation
Index finger only.
Bi digital palpation
Finger and thumb of same hand.
31 terms
Extraoral exam
What is a common site of metastasis of…
What is a firm supra-clavicular node p…
What three things may indicate a tumor…
What besides cancer can cause swollen…
Virchows Node (sentinel node)
Virchows Node (sentinel node)
hardened, fixed, or rapidly growing
bacteria, virus, immune disorders (lupus, RA), medications (d…
What is a common site of metastasis of…
Virchows Node (sentinel node)
What is a firm supra-clavicular node p…
Virchows Node (sentinel node)
18 terms
Extraoral Exam
What is the first step of the extraora…
List the eight lymph nodes of the neck
List the four categories of the extrao…
List the 2 salivary glands:
General appraisal
occipital, posterior auricular, preauricular, submental, subm…
examine the: lymph nodes, salivary glands, thyroid gland, tem…
parotid gland, submandibular glands
What is the first step of the extraora…
General appraisal
List the eight lymph nodes of the neck
occipital, posterior auricular, preauricular, submental, subm…
48 terms
extraoral exam
when does the exam begin?
when doing patient history and vitals…
halitosis is
halitosis can be sign of
when greeting patient in reception area
symmetry, color or sclera, breath, and speech
bad breath
decay, periodontal disease, and an abscessed tooth of other i…
when does the exam begin?
when greeting patient in reception area
when doing patient history and vitals…
symmetry, color or sclera, breath, and speech
47 terms
Chapter 42 extraoral imaging
Frankfort plane
Focal trough
Midsaggital plane
Tomography
the imaginary plane that passes through the top of the ear ca…
An imaginary three-dimensional curbed zone that is horseshoe…
The imaginary line that divides the patients face into right…
a radiographic technique that allows imaging of one layer or…
Frankfort plane
the imaginary plane that passes through the top of the ear ca…
Focal trough
An imaginary three-dimensional curbed zone that is horseshoe…
9 terms
Extraoral Radiography
Purposes and uses of extraoral radiogr…
Equip needed
common types of extraoral projections
Panoramic
-evaluate the large areas of the skull and jaws ... -evaluate gr…
-intraoral x-ray machine w/ special head positioning and beam…
Lateral jaw-used to examine posterior region of the mandible…
-an extraoral technique used to examine the upper and lower j…
Purposes and uses of extraoral radiogr…
-evaluate the large areas of the skull and jaws ... -evaluate gr…
Equip needed
-intraoral x-ray machine w/ special head positioning and beam…
21 terms
Extraoral Radiology
reasons to take extra oral xrays
grid
lateral oblique
lateral ceph
ortho, trismus, tumors, tmj, sialoliths, sinus, fractures, &…
to decrease amount of scatter; absorbs radiation leaving the…
to view from cuspid to ramus; images condyle & coronoid proce…
side view of the whole skull/head, used by orthodontists; use…
reasons to take extra oral xrays
ortho, trismus, tumors, tmj, sialoliths, sinus, fractures, &…
grid
to decrease amount of scatter; absorbs radiation leaving the…
13 terms
Extraoral imaging
Cephalostat
Computed tomography
Cone beam computed tomography
Digital panoramic units
Special device that allows the operator to easily position bo…
Radiographic technique that produces images or slices of one…
A three dimensional digital imaging method that's used a cone…
A film less method of recording a Panoramic image and display…
Cephalostat
Special device that allows the operator to easily position bo…
Computed tomography
Radiographic technique that produces images or slices of one…
13 terms
Extraoral Radiographs
Panorex
Purpose and use
Who uses extraoral x-rays
Extraoral Films
Most common type of extraoral film in the dental setting
To examine large areas of the jaw and skull... Study growth and…
Orthodontists: used pans, and cephalometric films to measure/…
VERY sensitive... They use intensifying screens and a light tigh…
Panorex
Most common type of extraoral film in the dental setting
Purpose and use
To examine large areas of the jaw and skull... Study growth and…
11 terms
Extraoral Imaging
Computed tomography (CT)
Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)
Digital panoramic units
Exposure controls
Radiographic technique that allows imaging of one layer or se…
A three-dimensional digital imaging method that uses a cone-s…
A film less method of recording a panoramic image and display…
Feature that allows the operator to adjust the milliamperage…
Computed tomography (CT)
Radiographic technique that allows imaging of one layer or se…
Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)
A three-dimensional digital imaging method that uses a cone-s…
59 terms
Extraoral Technique
pantomograph
focal trough
less
to see larger areas than a PA can cover
What is the name of the film that records the entire maxillar…
The term used to describe the zone of sharpness, the plane of…
Is there more or less detail of the periodontium on a pan?
What is the main reason a pan would be taken?
pantomograph
What is the name of the film that records the entire maxillar…
focal trough
The term used to describe the zone of sharpness, the plane of…
30 terms
extraoral occlusion
Frontal view should be assessed
Vertical relationship
Lip relationship
Competent lips
vertically and transversely
Face is split into thirds... - equidistant. ... Lower third is sub…
Should be evaluated from the frontal view
are together at rest
Frontal view should be assessed
vertically and transversely
Vertical relationship
Face is split into thirds... - equidistant. ... Lower third is sub…
9 terms
Extraoral Projections
Lateral Jaw, body (mandible)
Lateral Jaw, ramus (mandible)
Lateral cephalometric
Posteroanterior
-evaluate impacted teeth... -fractures and lesions
-evaluate impacted 3rd molars ... -large lesions and fractures t…
-evaluate facial growth and development (abnormalities)... -trau…
-evaluate facial growth and development (abnormalities)... -trau…
Lateral Jaw, body (mandible)
-evaluate impacted teeth... -fractures and lesions
Lateral Jaw, ramus (mandible)
-evaluate impacted 3rd molars ... -large lesions and fractures t…
11 terms
Extraoral Imaging
Cephalometric - Lateral
Cephalometric - PA
PA (Postero-anterior)
Reverse Towne's View
skull and facial bones... good for trauma and dev'p abnormalitie…
SYMMETRY ... evaluates disease/trauma/abnormalities... orbit, nasal…
MANDIBULAR PROJECTION
evaluates mandibular CONDYLES for fractures
Cephalometric - Lateral
skull and facial bones... good for trauma and dev'p abnormalitie…
Cephalometric - PA
SYMMETRY ... evaluates disease/trauma/abnormalities... orbit, nasal…
13 terms
The Extraoral Exam
Objectives
data collection
general appearance
Gait
-observations... -screening the patient:... is this the appropriat…
-clinical assessment ... -observation... -palpation... -auscultatio…
-do not be overcritical... -clean, well groomed(kempt), well clo…
-gait can describe things about their health, attitude, demea…
Objectives
-observations... -screening the patient:... is this the appropriat…
data collection
-clinical assessment ... -observation... -palpation... -auscultatio…
19 terms
Extraoral Imaging
EO imaging is used for the following p…
Screen film
Intensifying screen
Casette
Evaluating large areas of the skull or jaws... Evaluating growth…
Sensitive to light emitted from intensifying screens... Minimize…
A device that converts x-ray energy into visible light which,…
Used to hold the receptor in tight contact with the intensify…
EO imaging is used for the following p…
Evaluating large areas of the skull or jaws... Evaluating growth…
Screen film
Sensitive to light emitted from intensifying screens... Minimize…
54 terms
The Extraoral Exam
Inurated
Vesicle
Pustule
Bulla
hardened
Blisterform elevated lesion, 1cm or less, serum or mucin fill…
Blisterform elevated lesion, larger than -5mm , pus filled-ye…
Blisterform elevated lesion, larger than 1cm, serum/mucin or…
Inurated
hardened
Vesicle
Blisterform elevated lesion, 1cm or less, serum or mucin fill…
15 terms
Occlusal and Extraoral
Anterior max occlusal projection
Spasm of the jaw muscles, causing the…
Selection criteria for Occlusal radio
Posterior Max Occl Radio
- Pt upright (ala-tragus parallel to floor)... - 65d through bri…
Trismus
- Determine precise loc of roots/impacted teeth... - Loc: foreig…
- Pt upright: 60d angulation through infraorbital foramen... - B…
Anterior max occlusal projection
- Pt upright (ala-tragus parallel to floor)... - 65d through bri…
Spasm of the jaw muscles, causing the…
Trismus
17 terms
Extraoral Radiography
Purpose and Use
Equipment used:
Film used
Why do you need to label your cassette?
Evaluate large areas of skill and jaws... -growth and developmen…
standard intraoral machine is used for some extraoral radiogr…
screen film in cassette with intensifying screens... -minimizes…
label it prior to exposure orient right and left
Purpose and Use
Evaluate large areas of skill and jaws... -growth and developmen…
Equipment used:
standard intraoral machine is used for some extraoral radiogr…
14 terms
MDA 42 Extraoral Imaging
cephalostat
computed tomography (CT)
cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)
digital panoramic units
Special device that allows the operator to easily position bo…
radiographic technique that produces images or "slices" of on…
a three-dimensional digital imaging method that uses a cone-s…
A filmless method of recording a panoramic image and displayi…
cephalostat
Special device that allows the operator to easily position bo…
computed tomography (CT)
radiographic technique that produces images or "slices" of on…
51 terms
Extraoral Imaging
What type of images are the "core" of…
Extraoral imaging is primarily used to…
2 dimensional extraoral imaging includ…
3 dimensional extraoral imaging includ…
Intraoral
Specialty dentistry :... -Orthodontics ... -Oral surgery... -Periodo…
pano... skull... lateral jaw... TMJ
CBCT... (cone beam computed tomography)
What type of images are the "core" of…
Intraoral
Extraoral imaging is primarily used to…
Specialty dentistry :... -Orthodontics ... -Oral surgery... -Periodo…
32 terms
rad- extraoral
what are some advantages of extraoral…
what are some disadvantages of extraor…
what are some advantages of intensifyi…
what are some disadvantages of intensi…
-images larger areas of maxilla, mandible... - images head and n…
- less detailed image; size and film speed of crystals, large…
- more sensitive image receptor system = shorter exposure tim…
- less resolution... - less detailed information
what are some advantages of extraoral…
-images larger areas of maxilla, mandible... - images head and n…
what are some disadvantages of extraor…
- less detailed image; size and film speed of crystals, large…
19 terms
Extraoral Radiography
Where is film placed?
Purposes:... -Evaluate large areas of the…
Film:... -Most use ____ film placed in ca…
Intensifying Screens:... -Used to transfe…
Outside the mouth
1. Growth... 2. Development... 3. Diseases
1. Screen... 2. Intensifing... 3. Screen... 4. Intensifying
1. x-ray energy... 2. visible light... 3. less... 4. phosphors
Where is film placed?
Outside the mouth
Purposes:... -Evaluate large areas of the…
1. Growth... 2. Development... 3. Diseases
16 terms
extraoral technique
lateral jaw imaging
Lateral cephalometric
Posterior anterior projection
waters projection
Evaluates posterior region of mandible... -Useful for small chil…
Evaluatges facial growth and development... demonstrates bones o…
evaluates facial growth, abnormalities and trauma, also views…
Used to view maxillary sinuses only
lateral jaw imaging
Evaluates posterior region of mandible... -Useful for small chil…
Lateral cephalometric
Evaluatges facial growth and development... demonstrates bones o…
14 terms
extraoral/intraoral
digital
bilateral
bidigital
bimanual
using one finger or thumb to palpate
using both hands at the same time to palpate bilateral struct…
using the finger and the thumb of the same hand to palpate on…
using both hands to palpate one area
digital
using one finger or thumb to palpate
bilateral
using both hands at the same time to palpate bilateral struct…
11 terms
Chp 13 Extraoral Techniques
Anterposterior projection
Cassette
Cephalometric radiography
Cephalostat
An extraoral radiograph of the skull seen in the coronal plane
A wrapping or container for x-ray film that is light-tight ye…
The modality for measuring the skull by means of radiography
The head-holding device used in cephalometric radiography
Anterposterior projection
An extraoral radiograph of the skull seen in the coronal plane
Cassette
A wrapping or container for x-ray film that is light-tight ye…
20 terms
Chp 42 Extraoral Imaging
Cephalostat
Computed tomography (CT)
Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)
Exposure controls
Special device that allows the operator to easily position bo…
Radiographic technique that produces images or "slices" of on…
A three-dimensional digital imaging method that uses a cone-s…
Feature that allows the operator to adjust the milliamperage…
Cephalostat
Special device that allows the operator to easily position bo…
Computed tomography (CT)
Radiographic technique that produces images or "slices" of on…
28 terms
Intraoral/Extraoral
What are the ADA Principles of Ethics…
Oral findings are indicative of what?
Evaluation of oral health status inclu…
What is the most life-threatening dent…
Patient Autonomy, Nonmalificence, Beneficence, Justice, and V…
systemic disease
Oral cancer screening... TMJ evaluation... Periodontal examination…
ORAL CANCER
What are the ADA Principles of Ethics…
Patient Autonomy, Nonmalificence, Beneficence, Justice, and V…
Oral findings are indicative of what?
systemic disease
10 terms
Intra/Extraoral Vocabulary
Retractors
Liquid Crystal Display
Sheath
Extraoral
A device that is used by pulling the soft tissue away from th…
Allow you to use it as a view finder by providing a live vide…
Protective barrier for the intraoral camera.
Photographs taken outside the mouth.
Retractors
A device that is used by pulling the soft tissue away from th…
Liquid Crystal Display
Allow you to use it as a view finder by providing a live vide…
8 terms
CH 23 Extraoral imaging
Waters
Submentovertex
Posteroanterior
Lateral Jaw, Ramus (mandible)
Purpose: to evaluate the maxillary sinus area. The projection…
Purpose: to identify the position of the condyles, demonstrat…
Purpose: to evaluate facial growth and development, trauma, a…
Purpose: to evaluate impacted third molars, large lesions, an…
Waters
Purpose: to evaluate the maxillary sinus area. The projection…
Submentovertex
Purpose: to identify the position of the condyles, demonstrat…
78 terms
Chapter 23: Extraoral Imaging
The purpose of this is to hold the rec…
A panoramic x-ray tubehead is used in…
A film that does not require the use o…
Film that is sensitive to the light em…
Cassette
Cepalostat or craniostat
Nonscreen film
Screen film
The purpose of this is to hold the rec…
Cassette
A panoramic x-ray tubehead is used in…
Cepalostat or craniostat
78 terms
Chapter 23: Extraoral Imaging
The purpose of this is to hold the rec…
A panoramic x-ray tubehead is used in…
A film that does not require the use o…
Film that is sensitive to the light em…
Cassette
Cepalostat or craniostat
Nonscreen film
Screen film
The purpose of this is to hold the rec…
Cassette
A panoramic x-ray tubehead is used in…
Cepalostat or craniostat
26 terms
Intra/Extraoral Quiz
8
F
Fogging
12 o'clock
In the extraoral photo series you take a total of ____ photog…
Make sure your patients teeth are slightly apart when taking…
Place the occlusal mirror in warm water to prevent ____ when…
The photographer will need to stand in the ____ position to g…
8
In the extraoral photo series you take a total of ____ photog…
F
Make sure your patients teeth are slightly apart when taking…
62 terms
Extraoral and Intraoral Examination
List 5 high risk groups for developing…
Research reveals that less than _____%…
Research indicates nearly ______% of p…
T/F Pain is an early sign of oral cancer
-Chronic tobacco and smokeless tobacco users... -Chronic alcohol…
-20... -3.0
-70-80... -1.5-2.0
-False... -Pain is NOT an early sign of oral cancer
List 5 high risk groups for developing…
-Chronic tobacco and smokeless tobacco users... -Chronic alcohol…
Research reveals that less than _____%…
-20... -3.0
115 terms
Extraoral and Intraoral Clinical Assessment
Basic Clinical Assessment Skills
Important to remember in Clinical Asse…
Basic Anatomic Terminology
Why is it important to know anatomic t…
> Observation... > Palpation... > Auscultation... > Olfaction
1. Always visualize and then palpate to avoid altering the le…
Anterior... Posterior... Superior... Inferior... Medial... Lateral... Unilatera…
In order to document your findings you need to write down the…
Basic Clinical Assessment Skills
> Observation... > Palpation... > Auscultation... > Olfaction
Important to remember in Clinical Asse…
1. Always visualize and then palpate to avoid altering the le…
24 terms
Extraoral Plain Skull Radiographs
canthomeatal line. from outer canthus…
1. SYMMETRY - between contralateral st…
waters view. ... only view that projects…
Waters View. demonstrates M adn L wall…
most important line in extraoral plain skull/facial projectio…
4 S's of extraoral films
what view separates anterior and posterior ethmoid air cells…
canthomeatal line. from outer canthus…
most important line in extraoral plain skull/facial projectio…
1. SYMMETRY - between contralateral st…
4 S's of extraoral films
22 terms
Extraoral and Digital Radiography
3-D Dental Imaging
Analog Image
Axial Plane
Cassette
It's about the size of a panoramic unit, can be placed in the…
When the x-rays strike the film the information is recorded o…
The computer is able to produce images in all dimensions or p…
The x-ray head rotate opposite each other around the patient'…
3-D Dental Imaging
It's about the size of a panoramic unit, can be placed in the…
Analog Image
When the x-rays strike the film the information is recorded o…
94 terms
Extraoral & Intraoral Examinations
Prophylaxis
Oropharynx
Glottis
Larynx
preventing of disease
part of pharynx between the soft palate and upper edge of the…
opening at the upper part of the larynx, between the vocal co…
a muscular and cartilaginous structure lined with mucous memb…
Prophylaxis
preventing of disease
Oropharynx
part of pharynx between the soft palate and upper edge of the…
16 terms
Extraoral Vocab Terms
Hemiplegia
Paraplegia
Hemiparesis
Paraparesis
Paralysis on one side, usually from stroke
Paralysis on both sides
Weakness on one side
Weakness on both sides
Hemiplegia
Paralysis on one side, usually from stroke
Paraplegia
Paralysis on both sides
1 of 10