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Study sets matching "eyes and ears drugs"

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Study sets matching "eyes and ears drugs"

59 terms
Eyes and Ears Drugs
Topical Anesthetics
Proparacaine HCl (ophthanine, opthetic)
Tetracaine HCl (pontocaine)
Ophtalmic anesthetics
-Proparacaine HCl (ophthanine, ophthetic)... -Tetracaine HCl (po…
-A topical anesthetic drug used in opthalmology
-A local anesthetic agent used topically and by infiltration
-Used to numb the eye in procedures... -Do not let patients self…
Topical Anesthetics
-Proparacaine HCl (ophthanine, ophthetic)... -Tetracaine HCl (po…
Proparacaine HCl (ophthanine, opthetic)
-A topical anesthetic drug used in opthalmology
47 terms
Drugs for Eyes and Ears
Define glaucoma
Most common type of glaucoma
What causes glaucoma?
Glaucoma leads to
visual field loss secondary to optic nerve damage.
Primary glaucoma
elevated intraocular pressure; excessive production of aqueou…
irreversible blindless
Define glaucoma
visual field loss secondary to optic nerve damage.
Most common type of glaucoma
Primary glaucoma
16 terms
GI, Eyes and Ears Drugs
Indications for GI drugs
Drugs that affect GI system
Antacids
Antiflatulents
Peptic ulcers, constipation, diarrhea, Emerson, digestion
Antacids, antiflatulents, digestants, emetics, antiemetics, c…
Fix excess acid in GI. Lala seltzer
Prevents formation of gas in GI. Mylicon
Indications for GI drugs
Peptic ulcers, constipation, diarrhea, Emerson, digestion
Drugs that affect GI system
Antacids, antiflatulents, digestants, emetics, antiemetics, c…
13 terms
Drugs affecting the eyes and ears
Autonomic innervation of the eye眼睛的自主神…
Main ocular drugs主要眼部药物
Routes of administration
Mydriatic and cycloplegic drugs散瞳和散瞳药
•Pupillary reflex... •Miosis... •Mydriasis
•Mydriatic... •Cycloplegic... •Glaucoma... •Anti-microbial... •Anti-infla…
•Systemically Acetazolamide/Diamox... •Intra-ocular antibiotics,…
•Atropine, tropicamide... •Facilitate eye examinations retina, t…
Autonomic innervation of the eye眼睛的自主神…
•Pupillary reflex... •Miosis... •Mydriasis
Main ocular drugs主要眼部药物
•Mydriatic... •Cycloplegic... •Glaucoma... •Anti-microbial... •Anti-infla…
47 terms
Drugs for Eyes and Ears
Define glaucoma
Most common type of glaucoma
What causes glaucoma?
Glaucoma leads to
visual field loss secondary to optic nerve damage.
Primary glaucoma
elevated intraocular pressure; excessive production of aqueou…
irreversible blindless
Define glaucoma
visual field loss secondary to optic nerve damage.
Most common type of glaucoma
Primary glaucoma
32 terms
Ears & Eyes Drugs
Diclofenac
Flurbiprofen
Ketorolac
Prednisolone
Voltaren
Ocufen
Acular
Pred Forte
Diclofenac
Voltaren
Flurbiprofen
Ocufen
20 terms
Drugs for ears and eyes
what to check when giving decongestant…
what type of disease is contraindicate…
what type of drug is restasis?
what does restasis treat?
blood pressure cause vasoconstrictor
Narrow-angle glaucoma
immunosuppressant
dry eye... reduces inflammation
what to check when giving decongestant…
blood pressure cause vasoconstrictor
what type of disease is contraindicate…
Narrow-angle glaucoma
33 terms
Drugs for Eyes and Ears
What 6 things to assess in the eye?
Difference between eye solutions and o…
How to apply eye drops?
What is glaucoma?
1.determine history of eye disorders, use of glasses/contacts…
solutions- short time drug is in contact with the eye, steril…
apply pressure on lacrimal sac during and 1-2 minutes followi…
visual field loss secondary to optic nerve damage. excessive…
What 6 things to assess in the eye?
1.determine history of eye disorders, use of glasses/contacts…
Difference between eye solutions and o…
solutions- short time drug is in contact with the eye, steril…
Drugs for the Eyes and Ears
A student nurse administers eye drops…
What is the difference between eye sol…
How would you minimize systemic effect…
How long should you wait if you need t…
The nurse should tell the student that she needs to administe…
eye solutions are short time drugs that are in contact with t…
by applying pressure on lacrimal sac during and 1-2 minutes f…
wait at least 5 minutes before administering the second eye m…
A student nurse administers eye drops…
The nurse should tell the student that she needs to administe…
What is the difference between eye sol…
eye solutions are short time drugs that are in contact with t…
15 terms
Drugs for the eyes, skin, and ears
Drugs for glaucoma
Betazolol, levobetaxolol, carteolol, l…
Lantanoprost
Apraclonidine & Brimonidine
First line:... -Beta adrenergic blocking agents (timolol)... -Alp…
Beta-adrenergic blocking agents... Action:... -lower IOP by decrea…
Prostaglandin analog... Action:... -lowers IOP by facilitating aqu…
Alpha 2 adrenergic agents... Apraclonidine: short term therapy... B…
Drugs for glaucoma
First line:... -Beta adrenergic blocking agents (timolol)... -Alp…
Betazolol, levobetaxolol, carteolol, l…
Beta-adrenergic blocking agents... Action:... -lower IOP by decrea…
15 terms
drugs for the eyes and ears
glaucoma
close angle glaucoma caused by
open angle glaucoma
Xalatan
Eye disease caused by damage to the optic nerve that... results…
stress, impact injury or medications.... Inhaled glucocorticoids…
Usually bilateral caused by increased intraocular pressure... wh…
Antiglaucoma drug/ Prostaglandin Analog
glaucoma
Eye disease caused by damage to the optic nerve that... results…
close angle glaucoma caused by
stress, impact injury or medications.... Inhaled glucocorticoids…
43 terms
Eyes ears skin Drugs
First line drug therapy for glaucoma
Prostaglandin analogs SE
Pilocarpine =
Pilocarpine used for
BB- 1 drop timelol same as 10 mg po... A2 agonist- ... Prostaglandi…
Non reversible brown coloring of iris... May pigment eyelid and…
Direct acting cholinergic agonist (mitosis)
Reverse of efx of drugs during eye exam, ... Second line drug fo…
First line drug therapy for glaucoma
BB- 1 drop timelol same as 10 mg po... A2 agonist- ... Prostaglandi…
Prostaglandin analogs SE
Non reversible brown coloring of iris... May pigment eyelid and…
24 terms
Eyes & Ears Drugs
Is a disease in which tear production…
Which class/type of drug dilates the p…
Tetracaine is used for the following e…
Glaucoma is a group of dieases that is…
Kertoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS)
Mydriatics
performing a culture and sensitivity
False
Is a disease in which tear production…
Kertoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS)
Which class/type of drug dilates the p…
Mydriatics
27 terms
Eyes and ear drugs
Proparacaine
Pilocarpine
Tropicamide
Phenylephrine
Ophthaine
Piloptic
Mydriacyl
Mydfrin
Proparacaine
Ophthaine
Pilocarpine
Piloptic
90 terms
Drugs for the Eyes & Ears
Glaucoma
Glaucoma is ?
What are the two types of Glaucoma?
What is Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma?
—visual field loss secondary to optic nerve damage
-Leading cause of preventable blindness... -90% could save their…
Primary open-angle (POAG)-90% &... Acute angle-closure
-Progressive optic nerve damage with impairment of vision-ini…
Glaucoma
—visual field loss secondary to optic nerve damage
Glaucoma is ?
-Leading cause of preventable blindness... -90% could save their…
24 terms
Eye and ear drugs
mydriatic
mydriatic
mydriatic
mydriatic
phenylephrine
epinephrine
tropicamide
atropine
mydriatic
phenylephrine
mydriatic
epinephrine
10 terms
Eye and Ear Drugs
Patanol/olopatadine
Xalatan/latanoprost... Refrigerate as well
Ciloxan/ciprofloxacin
Alphagan/brimonidine
Eye allergies
Gluacoma
Bacterial infections of the eye
Glaucoma
Patanol/olopatadine
Eye allergies
Xalatan/latanoprost... Refrigerate as well
Gluacoma
81 terms
Eye, Ears, Skin Drugs
Prostaglandin Analog MOA:
Prostaglandin Analog AE:
Prostaglandin Analog Drugs:
Beta BLockers MOA
Increase outflow of aqueous humor
Foreign body sensation... Punctuate epithelial keratopathy (Dots…
Latanoprost... Travoprost... Bimatoprost
Reduce IOP by reducing aqueous humor formation
Prostaglandin Analog MOA:
Increase outflow of aqueous humor
Prostaglandin Analog AE:
Foreign body sensation... Punctuate epithelial keratopathy (Dots…
55 terms
Drugs For Eyes and Ear Disorders
chloramphenicol
ciprofloxacin (ciloxan)
erythromycin
gentamicin sulfate
for severe ophthalmic infections that are unresponsive o othe…
for bacterial conjunctivitis and corneal ulceration
for chlamydial conjunctivitis caused by C. trachomatis and op…
for blepharitis, belpharo-conjunctivitis, bacterial conjuncti…
chloramphenicol
for severe ophthalmic infections that are unresponsive o othe…
ciprofloxacin (ciloxan)
for bacterial conjunctivitis and corneal ulceration
Drugs for Eye and Ear Disorders
This is IOP that can lead to optic ner…
Glaucoma is secondary to what 6 condit…
What are 5 risk factors that can incre…
What are the two types of Glaucoma?
Glaucoma
Eye trauma ... DM ... Inflammation ... Hemorrhages ... Tumors ... Cataracts
Long term use of medications ... HTN ... Migraine HA ... Sever nearsig…
Open and Closed angle
This is IOP that can lead to optic ner…
Glaucoma
Glaucoma is secondary to what 6 condit…
Eye trauma ... DM ... Inflammation ... Hemorrhages ... Tumors ... Cataracts
63 terms
Pharmacology: Eye and Ear drugs
Eye solution
Eye ointment
Time between eye drops
Reduce systemic effects
Short contact, sterile
Long contact, not sterile
5 minutes
Apply pressure to lacrimal sac
Eye solution
Short contact, sterile
Eye ointment
Long contact, not sterile
15 terms
eyes & ear drugs
Timolol
Glycerin
Gentamicin... Tobramycin
Trifluridine
BB... -reduces IOP... -doesn't affect pupil size, accommodation, ni…
Osmotic Diuretic... -reduces intraocular fluid volume to reduce…
Ocular aminoglycoside... -conjunctivitis... -adverse: topical cause…
Ocular antiviral... -type 1&2 herpes simplex--> keratitis... -topic…
Timolol
BB... -reduces IOP... -doesn't affect pupil size, accommodation, ni…
Glycerin
Osmotic Diuretic... -reduces intraocular fluid volume to reduce…
31 terms
Eye and Ear Drugs
Pilocarpine
Atropine
Pilocarpine
Timolol
Miotic
Mydriatic & Cycloplegic
Glaucoma
Glaucoma
Pilocarpine
Miotic
Atropine
Mydriatic & Cycloplegic
12 terms
Drugs for eye and ear
glaucoma
glaucoma treatment drug choice
cataract
cataract treatment
increased cellular pressure in the eye
miotics, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and beta-adrenergic b…
opacity that appears within the crystalline lens
surgery, (preop) mydriatics, cyclopegic agents, nsaids, and t…
glaucoma
increased cellular pressure in the eye
glaucoma treatment drug choice
miotics, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and beta-adrenergic b…
Skin, Eye and Ear Drugs
Topical bacterial treatments
Panalog® (topical skin combo)
Surolan® (topical skin combo)
Topical anti-fungal agents
-Antibacterial skin srub: Chlorhexidine (Hibitane®)... -Antibac…
-Neomycin: Antibiotic... -Nystatin: Antifungal... -Triamcicnolone:…
-Polymyxin B: Antibiotic... -Miconazole: Antifungal... -Prednisolon…
-Dips, lime sulfur: clotrimazole solution... -Shampoos: miconaz…
Topical bacterial treatments
-Antibacterial skin srub: Chlorhexidine (Hibitane®)... -Antibac…
Panalog® (topical skin combo)
-Neomycin: Antibiotic... -Nystatin: Antifungal... -Triamcicnolone:…
27 terms
Eye, Ear, and Skin Drugs
Corticosteroids
Proparacaine hydrochloride
Benzoyl Peroxide
Tresaderm
This group of opthalmic drugs is contraindicated in cases of…
Topical anesthesic used for diagnostic procedures and to remo…
Shampoo ingredient that is keratolytic; used to treat seborrh…
Trade name for a combination product containing pyrethrins fo…
Corticosteroids
This group of opthalmic drugs is contraindicated in cases of…
Proparacaine hydrochloride
Topical anesthesic used for diagnostic procedures and to remo…
81 terms
Eye, Ears, Skin Drugs
Prostaglandin Analog MOA:
Prostaglandin Analog AE:
Prostaglandin Analog Drugs:
Beta BLockers MOA
Increase outflow of aqueous humor
Foreign body sensation... Punctuate epithelial keratopathy (Dots…
Latanoprost... Travoprost... Bimatoprost
Reduce IOP by reducing aqueous humor formation
Prostaglandin Analog MOA:
Increase outflow of aqueous humor
Prostaglandin Analog AE:
Foreign body sensation... Punctuate epithelial keratopathy (Dots…
14 terms
Eye, ear and skin drugs
Mydriasis
Cycloplegic agents
Atropine sulfate
Atropine sulfate clinical uses
Dilated pupil
Paralyze the muscles of the ciliary body
Produces mydriasis and cycloplegia
Lessen ciliary spasms (from ulcers, uveitis)
Mydriasis
Dilated pupil
Cycloplegic agents
Paralyze the muscles of the ciliary body
30 terms
Eye & Ear drugs
Cyclopentolate
Atropine
Tropicamide
Oxymetazoline
Cyclogyl is an anticholinergic
Isopto atropine is an anticholinergic
Mydriacyl is an anticholinergic
Ocuclear is an adrenergic
Cyclopentolate
Cyclogyl is an anticholinergic
Atropine
Isopto atropine is an anticholinergic
20 terms
Drugs for Eyes, Ears, and GI Disorders.
Azopt
Alphagan
Pilopine
Xalatan
brinzolamide carbonic anhydrase inhibitor glaucoma
brimonidine alpha-adrenergic agonist glaucoma
pilocarpine cholinergic parasympathomimetic glaucoma
latanoprost prostaglandin analogue glaucoma
Azopt
brinzolamide carbonic anhydrase inhibitor glaucoma
Alphagan
brimonidine alpha-adrenergic agonist glaucoma
27 terms
Eye, Ear, and Skin Drugs
Corticosteroids
Proparacaine hydrochloride
Benzoyl Peroxide
Tresaderm
This group of opthalmic drugs is contraindicated in cases of…
Topical anesthesic used for diagnostic procedures and to remo…
Shampoo ingredient that is keratolytic; used to treat seborrh…
Trade name for a combination product containing pyrethrins fo…
Corticosteroids
This group of opthalmic drugs is contraindicated in cases of…
Proparacaine hydrochloride
Topical anesthesic used for diagnostic procedures and to remo…
25 terms
Drugs for the Eye and the Ear
Ophthalmic Anti-Infectives
Ophthalmic Anti-Infectives Side Effects
Antiglaucoma Agents
Antiglaucoma beta blockers
Sulfacetamide sodium 10% Bleph 10... Erythromycin 0.5% oint Ilot…
Adverse Drug Reactions... Local irritation... Superinfection with…
beta blockers, adrenergic agonists... miotics... carbonic anhydrase…
betaxolol/Betoptic: cardioselective... timolol/Timoptic: noncard…
Ophthalmic Anti-Infectives
Sulfacetamide sodium 10% Bleph 10... Erythromycin 0.5% oint Ilot…
Ophthalmic Anti-Infectives Side Effects
Adverse Drug Reactions... Local irritation... Superinfection with…
8 terms
Eye and Ear Drugs
Prostaglandin agonists
latanoprost - Xalatan
Beta-adrenergic Blocking Drugs
betaxolol- Betopic
latanoprost - Xalatan
action: bind to prostolandin receptor sites, relax blood vess…
betaxolol - Betopic
action: block beta-adrenergic receptors, prevent adrenalin fr…
Prostaglandin agonists
latanoprost - Xalatan
latanoprost - Xalatan
action: bind to prostolandin receptor sites, relax blood vess…
63 terms
Pharmacology: Eye and Ear drugs
Eye solution
Eye ointment
Time between eye drops
Reduce systemic effects
Short contact, sterile
Long contact, not sterile
5 minutes
Apply pressure to lacrimal sac
Eye solution
Short contact, sterile
Eye ointment
Long contact, not sterile
12 terms
Eye and Ear Drugs
TC: ophthalmic alpha blockers (alpha A…
TC: ophthalmic alpha blockers (alpha A…
TC: ophthalmic alpha blockers (alpha A…
PC: Cycloplegic Mydriatics
Action: Alpha agonists work to both decrease production of fl…
Uses: Treat glaucoma
Examples: ... apraclonidine HCL ( lopidine)... bimonidine tartrate…
Action: Dilate pupil and relax the ciliary muscles.
TC: ophthalmic alpha blockers (alpha A…
Action: Alpha agonists work to both decrease production of fl…
TC: ophthalmic alpha blockers (alpha A…
Uses: Treat glaucoma
24 terms
Eye and ear drugs
mydriatic
mydriatic
mydriatic
mydriatic
phenylephrine
epinephrine
tropicamide
atropine
mydriatic
phenylephrine
mydriatic
epinephrine
34 terms
Eye and Ear Drugs
latanoprost
bimatoprost
travoprost
tafluprost
Xalatan
Lumigan... Latisse (for eye lash growth)
Travatan Z (works well for AA)
Zioptan
latanoprost
Xalatan
bimatoprost
Lumigan... Latisse (for eye lash growth)
39 terms
ear, eye and skin drugs
external features
internal features
makes up fibrous layer
makes up vascular layer
eyelids, sclera, sornea, third eyelid
anterior chamber, iris, lens
sclera and cornea
blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, intrinsic eye muscles
external features
eyelids, sclera, sornea, third eyelid
internal features
anterior chamber, iris, lens
Common Drugs - Ear and Eye
Cerumenex
Chloramycentic Octic
Cortisporin Otic
nystatin gtts
Ear Wax Softener
Antibiotics... Otic Topical Antibiotic
Combination-Type Otic Drops... Anti-Infectives... Anti-Inflammitory
Antifungla... Otic Topical Anti-Fungal
Cerumenex
Ear Wax Softener
Chloramycentic Octic
Antibiotics... Otic Topical Antibiotic
22 terms
Eye, Ear, and Skin Drugs
timolol (TimOptic)
brimonidine (Alphagen)
latanoprost (Xalatan)
pilocarpine
- beta blocker... - reduce production of aqueous humor... - non sel…
- Alpha2 adrenergic agonists, decreases production of aqueous…
- Just as effective as bb but with less adverse effects... - low…
- constriction of the pupil d/t contraction of the iris sphin…
timolol (TimOptic)
- beta blocker... - reduce production of aqueous humor... - non sel…
brimonidine (Alphagen)
- Alpha2 adrenergic agonists, decreases production of aqueous…
29 terms
Drugs for Eye and Ear Disorders
mydriasis
miosis
cycloplegia
gluacoma
dilation of pupil
constriction of pupil
paralysis of cilary muscle of eye, resulting in loss of accom…
An eye condition that causes damage to the optic nerve and ma…
mydriasis
dilation of pupil
miosis
constriction of pupil
19 terms
Drugs for Eye and Ear Disorders
oscular or opthalmic drugs
lacrimal ducts
conjunctivitis
glaucoma
drugs designed to be applied to the eyes
tear ducts
an inflammation of the delicate membrane covering the eye and…
an eye condition in which optic nerve damage occurs as a resu…
oscular or opthalmic drugs
drugs designed to be applied to the eyes
lacrimal ducts
tear ducts
37 terms
Drugs for Eye and Ear Disorders
Aqueous Humor
Ciliary Body
Trabecular Meshwork
Canal of Schlemm
watery fluid found in anterior cavity of eye
muscular structure where aqueous humor originates
located around periphery consisting of spongy connective tissue
aqueous humor drains from anterior cavity
Aqueous Humor
watery fluid found in anterior cavity of eye
Ciliary Body
muscular structure where aqueous humor originates
9 terms
Drugs for ear and eye disorders
General considerations for eye therapy
Medications given for glaucoma
Beta-adrenergic Blocking Agents
Prostaglandin Agonists
- Make sure medication is for optic use ... - Only use 1 drop pe…
Cholinergic Agents... - Produce miosis and accommodation... - Lower…
- Reduces IOP, but does not cause dim vision, does not change…
- Only used once a day... - Relax blood vessel smooth muscle - d…
General considerations for eye therapy
- Make sure medication is for optic use ... - Only use 1 drop pe…
Medications given for glaucoma
Cholinergic Agents... - Produce miosis and accommodation... - Lower…
105 terms
Drugs for Eye and Ear disorder
Outer Layer of Eye ... - Posterior porti…
Cornea
Middle Layer of the eye
Choroid
Posterior Portion - Sclera is the white of the eye... Anterior…
Light rays pass and are refracted.... Does not contain blood ves…
Uvea ... absorbs scattered lights... located in anterior segment…
is specialized as ciliary body that controls shape of the cry…
Outer Layer of Eye ... - Posterior porti…
Posterior Portion - Sclera is the white of the eye... Anterior…
Cornea
Light rays pass and are refracted.... Does not contain blood ves…
18 terms
Drugs for Eye and Ear disorders
What is mydriasis
What is miosis
What is cycloplegia?
What is open angle glaucoma?
Dilation of the pupil
Constriction of the pupil
Paralysis of the ciliary muscle of the eye, results in loss o…
Congestion reducing flow of aqueous humor, can be asymptomati…
What is mydriasis
Dilation of the pupil
What is miosis
Constriction of the pupil
15 terms
Eye, Ear, Skin Drugs
Timolol (TimOptic)
Brimonidine (Alphagan)
Latanoprost (Xalatan)
Pilocarpine
GLAUCOMA TREATMENT; blocks beta1 and beta2 receptors - reduce…
GLAUCOMA TREATMENT; alpha2 adrenergic agonists - dec producti…
GLAUCOMA TREATMENT; prostaglandin analog; MOA lowers IOP by r…
GLAUCOMA TREATMENT; Cholinergic; MOA widen the space where aq…
Timolol (TimOptic)
GLAUCOMA TREATMENT; blocks beta1 and beta2 receptors - reduce…
Brimonidine (Alphagan)
GLAUCOMA TREATMENT; alpha2 adrenergic agonists - dec producti…
30 terms
Drugs for Eye and Ear Disorders
Opthalmic Antiinfection
Anibacterials ... Prototype: ciprofloxin
Anifungals... Prototype: natamycin (Natac…
Antivirals... Prototype: idoxuridein (IDU…
...
Action: inhibit bacterial DNA synthesis by inhibiting DNA gyr…
Action:binding of the molecule to the sterol moiety of the fu…
action: not known... side effects:SOB, anaphalaxis, redness, swe…
Opthalmic Antiinfection
...
Anibacterials ... Prototype: ciprofloxin
Action: inhibit bacterial DNA synthesis by inhibiting DNA gyr…
23 terms
Eye & Ear Drugs
Eye solutions
Eye ointment
Administration of eye drops
Glaucoma
Short time contact, sterile
Longer contact, forms film or haze over eye, not sterile
Apply pressure on lacrimal sac during and 1-2 minutes after,…
Visual field loss secondary to optic nerve damage, elevated I…
Eye solutions
Short time contact, sterile
Eye ointment
Longer contact, forms film or haze over eye, not sterile
67 terms
Eye, Ear & Skin Drugs
Corticosteroids
Corticosteroids
Procaine Hydrochloride
Procaine Hydrochloride
This group of ophthalmic drugs is contraindicated in cases of…
These drugs delay healing, and can cause ulcerative keratitis
Topical anesthetic used for diagnostic procedures and to remo…
Ophthaine
Corticosteroids
This group of ophthalmic drugs is contraindicated in cases of…
Corticosteroids
These drugs delay healing, and can cause ulcerative keratitis
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