Study sets matching "fallacies and propaganda"

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Study sets matching "fallacies and propaganda"

9 terms
Propaganda Fallacies
appeal to fear
appeal to pity
bandwagon
exigency
moving us to fear the consequences of not doing what someone…
urging us to do something only because we pity someone, or we…
pressuring us to do something just because many other people…
offering nothing more than a time limit as a reason for us to…
appeal to fear
moving us to fear the consequences of not doing what someone…
appeal to pity
urging us to do something only because we pity someone, or we…
Fallacies and Propaganda
Fallacy
Propaganda
Ad hominem argument( to the man)
Name calling / Mudslinging(a type of a…
a false or mistaken idea; a statement that resembles a logica…
Biased or misleading use to promote or publicize political ca…
attacking the opponent rather than answering their argument
Giving a person or an idea a bad label by using an easy to re…
Fallacy
a false or mistaken idea; a statement that resembles a logica…
Propaganda
Biased or misleading use to promote or publicize political ca…
44 terms
Fallacies and Propaganda
Fallacy
Propaganda
Ad hominem argument (to the man)
Name calling/ Mudslinging (a type of a…
A false or mistaken idea; a statement that resembles a logica…
Biased or misleading information used to promote or publicize…
Attacking the opponent rather than answering their argument.
Give a person or an idea a bad idea a bad label by using an e…
Fallacy
A false or mistaken idea; a statement that resembles a logica…
Propaganda
Biased or misleading information used to promote or publicize…
23 terms
Propaganda and Fallacies
Propaganda
Bias
Non print sources
Motive
An extreme for of persuasion intended to prejudice and incite…
a personal and largely unreasoned judgement either for or aga…
sources of information that are not primarily in written form…
a conscious or unconscious reason for behaving in a particula…
Propaganda
An extreme for of persuasion intended to prejudice and incite…
Bias
a personal and largely unreasoned judgement either for or aga…
25 terms
Fallacies and Propaganda
Fallacy
Propaganda
Name calling
Equivocation
A false or mistaken idea, a statement that resembles a logica…
Biased or misleading information used to promote a political…
Giving a person/idea a bad label by using an easy derogatory…
Telling part of the truth, while deliberately hiding the enti…
Fallacy
A false or mistaken idea, a statement that resembles a logica…
Propaganda
Biased or misleading information used to promote a political…
45 terms
Fallacies and Propaganda
Fallacy
Propaganda
Ad hominem
Name calling / mudslinging
A false or mistaken idea; a statement that resembles a logica…
biased or misleading information used to promote or publicize…
Attacking the opponent rather than answering their argument
Giving a person or an idea a bad label by using an easy to re…
Fallacy
A false or mistaken idea; a statement that resembles a logica…
Propaganda
biased or misleading information used to promote or publicize…
Fallacies and Propaganda
red herring
ad hominem fallacy
straw man fallacy
either/or fallacy
a fallacy in which the speaker diverts attention from the tru…
a kinda of red herring fallacy; suggests that an argument sho…
occurs when a speaker avoids addressing an opponent's argumen…
reduces complex issues to black or white; creates an issue th…
red herring
a fallacy in which the speaker diverts attention from the tru…
ad hominem fallacy
a kinda of red herring fallacy; suggests that an argument sho…
25 terms
Fallacies & Propaganda
bandwagon
plain folks
transfer
false cause, aka "post hoc"
A fallacy which assumes that because something is popular, it…
propaganda technique conveying that a candidate is a "regular…
Ads that use this technique associate a product with a symbol…
a fallacy in which a speaker mistakenly assumes that because…
bandwagon
A fallacy which assumes that because something is popular, it…
plain folks
propaganda technique conveying that a candidate is a "regular…
21 terms
Propaganda/ Fallacies
Fear
Loaded words
Glittering Generalities
Bandwagon
P: version of appeal to emotion. Seeks to build support by cr…
P: words that make you feel strongly about something- namecal…
P: use of attractive words that sound good but offer no speci…
P: do something by letting you know others are doing it too
Fear
P: version of appeal to emotion. Seeks to build support by cr…
Loaded words
P: words that make you feel strongly about something- namecal…
17 terms
Fallacies & Propaganda
Fallacy
Propaganda
Ad Hominem
Ad Nauseum
faulty reasoning; breakdown of logic
indirect message appealing to emotion
redirects discussion of an issue to one of the subjects - fee…
repeat something until people believe it
Fallacy
faulty reasoning; breakdown of logic
Propaganda
indirect message appealing to emotion
27 terms
Fallacies & Propaganda
Red herring
Non sequitur
Appeal to the people ... AD populm
Ad hominem fallacy
Distracts away from issue / question back when asked a question
Does not follow nothing to do with / "huh?" / often used as H…
Good because lot of people think it's OK.
Criticizing because the speaker is bad ... Saying hidden motives
Red herring
Distracts away from issue / question back when asked a question
Non sequitur
Does not follow nothing to do with / "huh?" / often used as H…
9 terms
Propaganda Fallacies
appeal to fear
appeal to pity
bandwagon
exigency
moving us to fear the consequences of not doing what someone…
urging us to do something only because we pity someone, or we…
pressuring us to do something just because many other people…
offering nothing more than a time limit as a reason for us to…
appeal to fear
moving us to fear the consequences of not doing what someone…
appeal to pity
urging us to do something only because we pity someone, or we…
Fallacies and Propaganda
Loaded words
Glittering generalities
Bandwagon
Plain-folks appeal
words with strong positive or negative connotations
vague terms with high moral connotations intended to arouse f…
appeal by association which urges you to do something because…
appeal by association which uses ordinary people with whom yo…
Loaded words
words with strong positive or negative connotations
Glittering generalities
vague terms with high moral connotations intended to arouse f…
35 terms
Propaganda and fallacies
Rhetoric
Ethos
Logos
Pathos
Art of using language to persuade others.
Appeal based on character of speaker. Person has authority an…
Based on logic or reason. Factual or scientific reasons used…
Appeal based on emotion. Connects to audience to draw a respo…
Rhetoric
Art of using language to persuade others.
Ethos
Appeal based on character of speaker. Person has authority an…
Fallacies and propaganda
Fallacies
Slippery slope (fallacy)
Hasty Generalization (fallacy)
Post hoc ergo propter hoc (fallacy)
Common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic of y…
A conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eve…
A conclusion based on insufficient or biased evidence. Rushin…
A conclusion that assumes if A occurred after B then B must h…
Fallacies
Common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic of y…
Slippery slope (fallacy)
A conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eve…
Fallacies and Propaganda
Hasty Generalization
Post hoc
Circular reasoning
Red herring
Any arguemnt yhag draws a generalizatiok based on a small or…
Because one event or action follows another, the first causes…
The arguer supports the conclusion by restating it as a premi…
Distracts from the original topic. Some may refer to this typ…
Hasty Generalization
Any arguemnt yhag draws a generalizatiok based on a small or…
Post hoc
Because one event or action follows another, the first causes…
23 terms
Fallacy and Propaganda
Hasty Generalization
NonSequitur ( Does not follow)
False Dilemma / Either Or
False Cause
A generalization based on insufficient or unrepresented evide…
A conclusion that does not follow logically from preceding st…
The suggestion that only two alternatives exist when in fact…
The assumption that because one event follows another, the fi…
Hasty Generalization
A generalization based on insufficient or unrepresented evide…
NonSequitur ( Does not follow)
A conclusion that does not follow logically from preceding st…
10 terms
Fallacy and Propaganda
Hasty Genrelization
NonSequitur
False Dilemma / Either Or
False Cause
Hasty generalization is an informal fallacy of faulty general…
a conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from…
A False Dilemma is a fallacy in which a person uses the follo…
The fallacy of false cause and its forms as non causa pro cau…
Hasty Genrelization
Hasty generalization is an informal fallacy of faulty general…
NonSequitur
a conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from…
PROPAGANDA SATIRE AND FALLACIES
AD HOMINEM
PROPAGANDA
INDUCTIVE LOGIC
DEDUCTIVE LOGIC
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cau…
pattern of thinking; deriving a general statement from specif…
Conclusion is drawn from general observations to specific con…
AD HOMINEM
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
PROPAGANDA
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cau…
15 terms
Propaganda techniques and fallacies
snob appeal
name calling
red herring
flag waving
associating the product, person, or cause with successful, we…
using negative or derogatory words to create an association i…
highlighting or showing a small minor detail as a way to draw…
connecting the person, product, or cause with patriotism.
snob appeal
associating the product, person, or cause with successful, we…
name calling
using negative or derogatory words to create an association i…
14 terms
Propaganda and fallacy
Bandwagon
Testimonial
Plain folks
Transfer
P- the propagandist puts forth the idea that everyone is doin…
P- the celebrity endorsement of a philosophy, movement or can…
P- a candidate or cause identifying with the common people fr…
P- The use of symbols quotes or the images of famous people t…
Bandwagon
P- the propagandist puts forth the idea that everyone is doin…
Testimonial
P- the celebrity endorsement of a philosophy, movement or can…
23 terms
propaganda/fallacy
Hasty Generalization
NonSequitur
False Dilemma / Either Or
False Cause
a generilization based on insunificant or un presented evidenc.
A conclusion that does not follow logically from preceding st…
The suggestion that only two alternatives exist when in fact…
The assumption that because one event follows another, the fi…
Hasty Generalization
a generilization based on insunificant or un presented evidenc.
NonSequitur
A conclusion that does not follow logically from preceding st…
13 terms
Propaganda Techniques & Logical Fallacies
Propaganda
Logical Fallacies
Name Calling
Bandwagon
any form of communication that is so distorted that it convey…
mistakes in reasoning
an attack on a person instead of an issue
makes people want to do something because everyone else is do…
Propaganda
any form of communication that is so distorted that it convey…
Logical Fallacies
mistakes in reasoning
13 terms
Propaganda Techniques and Logical Fallacies
Glittering Generalities
Assertion
Bandwagon
Card Stacking
a propaganda technique using words that have different positi…
a propaganda technique using an enthusiastic or energetic sta…
a propaganda technique using an appeal to follow the crowd, o…
a propaganda technique that only presents information that is…
Glittering Generalities
a propaganda technique using words that have different positi…
Assertion
a propaganda technique using an enthusiastic or energetic sta…
The Fallacy Detective: Propaganda
Propaganda
Manipulative Propaganda
Appeal to Fear
Appeal to Pity
Any strategy for spreading our beliefs or ideas
Used when someone plays with our emotions in a way designed t…
Moving us to fear the consequences of not doing what someone…
Urging us to do something only because we pity someone or som…
Propaganda
Any strategy for spreading our beliefs or ideas
Manipulative Propaganda
Used when someone plays with our emotions in a way designed t…
17 terms
Propaganda Fallacies, Making Assumptions Fallacies
appeal to fear
appeal to pity
bandwagon
exigency
moving us to fear the consequences of not doing what someone…
urging us to do something only because we pity someone, or we…
pressuring us to do something just because many other people…
offering nothing more than a time limit as a reason for us to…
appeal to fear
moving us to fear the consequences of not doing what someone…
appeal to pity
urging us to do something only because we pity someone, or we…
26 terms
Statistical and Propaganda Fallacies
What is a Hasty Generalization?
Hasty generalization example:
What is a Weak Analogy?
Weak Analogy example:
Generalizing about a class or group based upon a small and po…
All plumbers are brilliant. I know a plumber who can calculat…
Where someone claims that some items which have only a few mi…
I think it is all right for governments in developing countri…
What is a Hasty Generalization?
Generalizing about a class or group based upon a small and po…
Hasty generalization example:
All plumbers are brilliant. I know a plumber who can calculat…
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Hasty generalization
Stereotype
Cause-and-effect fallacy (post hoc erg…
Only-cause fallacy:
Conclusion based on insufficient evidence; problem especially…
Involves prejudging a person based on the opinion you have of…
Cause-and-effect; "after this, therefore because of this"; as…
Complex situation is seen as the result of a single cause
Hasty generalization
Conclusion based on insufficient evidence; problem especially…
Stereotype
Involves prejudging a person based on the opinion you have of…
20 terms
Logical Fallacies and Propaganda
Hasty generalization:
Stereotype:
Cause-and-effect fallacy (post hoc erg…
Only-cause fallacy:
Conclusion based on insufficient evidence; problem especially…
Involves prejudging a person based on the opinion you have of…
Cause-and-effect; "after this, therefore because of this"; as…
Complex situation is seen as the result of a single cause
Hasty generalization:
Conclusion based on insufficient evidence; problem especially…
Stereotype:
Involves prejudging a person based on the opinion you have of…
11 terms
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Analysis
Argument/ Position
Authors Purpose
Bias
Identifying
Position or claim the author establishes
The authors intent to inform, entertain, persuade etc
Subtle precence of a postive or negative tone on a topic
Analysis
Identifying
Argument/ Position
Position or claim the author establishes
Logical fallacies and propaganda
Ignoratio Elenchi
Argumentum ad hominum
The straw man argument
The slippery slope
Irrelevant thesis
Attacking person not issue
Someone misrepresents their opponents position
Analogy used to describe any argument that pre-supposed if on…
Ignoratio Elenchi
Irrelevant thesis
Argumentum ad hominum
Attacking person not issue
Logical Fallacies and Propaganda
Propaganda
Glittering Generalities
Plain Folks
Testimonial
an extreme form of persuasion intended to be bias and incite…
emotionally appealing words that are applied to a product or…
attempting to convince the public that ones views reflect tho…
usually using a famous or well respected person to help promo…
Propaganda
an extreme form of persuasion intended to be bias and incite…
Glittering Generalities
emotionally appealing words that are applied to a product or…
40 terms
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Card Stacking
Testamonial
Glittering Generalities
Transfer
Puts attention on the better things of the product and draws…
The use of well-known, respected people to endorse a product…
TThis is an emotional appeal where they say things that trigg…
The act of relating something or someone we like or respect w…
Card Stacking
Puts attention on the better things of the product and draws…
Testamonial
The use of well-known, respected people to endorse a product…
Logical Fallacies and Propaganda
logical fallacy
propoganda
3 types of logical fallacies
5 types of incomplete information
a faulty argument built on unsound reasoning; may sound convi…
biased information that tries to influence us by appealing to…
incomplete information, dodging the issue, and oversimplifyin…
either-or thinking, oversimplification, half-truths/equivocat…
logical fallacy
a faulty argument built on unsound reasoning; may sound convi…
propoganda
biased information that tries to influence us by appealing to…
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Glittering Generalities
Plain Folks
Testimonial
Transfer
emotionally appealing words that are applied to a product or…
attempting to convince the public that she views reflect thos…
the use of quotation or endorsement, in or out of context, th…
projecting positive or negative qualities of a person, entity…
Glittering Generalities
emotionally appealing words that are applied to a product or…
Plain Folks
attempting to convince the public that she views reflect thos…
Logical Fallacies and Propaganda
logical fallacies
ad hominem
ad populum
begging the question
errors in reasoning that render an argument invalid
"to the individual," the target person's characteristics are…
"to the crowd," a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
taking for granted something that really needs proving
logical fallacies
errors in reasoning that render an argument invalid
ad hominem
"to the individual," the target person's characteristics are…
Fallacies and Propaganda 2
Appeal to tradition
loaded questions
Transfer (Guilt by association/ Virtue…
Non-Sequitur ( "It doesn't follow" )
arguing that something is better or correct because its older…
when a question assumes something that has not been proven or…
An attempt to make the subject view a certain item in the sam…
A statement that does not logically relate to what came befor…
Appeal to tradition
arguing that something is better or correct because its older…
loaded questions
when a question assumes something that has not been proven or…
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Testimonial
Glittering Generalities
Transfer
Plain folks
The use of well-known, respected people to... endorse a product…
The act of referring to words or ideas that evoke a... positive…
The act of relating something or someone we... like or respect…
The use of everyday people to sell a product... or service. Spe…
Testimonial
The use of well-known, respected people to... endorse a product…
Glittering Generalities
The act of referring to words or ideas that evoke a... positive…
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Transfer
Testimonials
Bandwagon
Card Stacking
When an advertiser persuades you to associate positive feelin…
Type of transfer; endorsement by celebrities... Ex; Michael Jord…
Because everyone else is doing it
only half the truth
Transfer
When an advertiser persuades you to associate positive feelin…
Testimonials
Type of transfer; endorsement by celebrities... Ex; Michael Jord…
20 terms
Logical Fallacies and Propaganda
Name Calling
Glittering Generalities
Transfer
The Testimonial
A device used to make us form a judgement without examining t…
A device by which the propagandist identifies his program wit…
A device by which the propagandist carries over authority, sa…
A device to make us accept anything based off of the testimon…
Name Calling
A device used to make us form a judgement without examining t…
Glittering Generalities
A device by which the propagandist identifies his program wit…
22 terms
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Ad Populum
Begging the Question
Circular Reasoning
"to the individual", the target person's characteristics are…
"to the crowd", a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
taking for granted something that really needs proving.
trying to prove one idea with another idea that is too simila…
Ad Hominem
"to the individual", the target person's characteristics are…
Ad Populum
"to the crowd", a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
13 terms
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Ad Populum
Begging the Question
Circular Reasoning
The target persons characteristics are attacked
A misconception that a widespread occurrence of something is…
Taking for granted something that really needs proving
Trying to prove one idea with another that is too similar to…
Ad Hominem
The target persons characteristics are attacked
Ad Populum
A misconception that a widespread occurrence of something is…
26 terms
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Assertion
Bandwagon effect
Card stacking
Glittering generalities
stating a debatable idea as a fact, with no explanation or ju…
people attempt to be part of a successful or popular endeavor…
propagandist gives unfair advantage to one point of view, whi…
appealing but vague words that often appear in propaganda
Assertion
stating a debatable idea as a fact, with no explanation or ju…
Bandwagon effect
people attempt to be part of a successful or popular endeavor…
35 terms
Fallacies and Propaganda Examples
hasty generalization
ad hominem and tu quoque
straw man
red herring
my roommate's philosophy class is hard, my philosophy class i…
Andrea Dworkin is an ugly, bitter person, so you shouldn't li…
feminists want to ban all pornography, such harsh measures ar…
grading exams on a curve is fair. after all, classes go bette…
hasty generalization
my roommate's philosophy class is hard, my philosophy class i…
ad hominem and tu quoque
Andrea Dworkin is an ugly, bitter person, so you shouldn't li…
33 terms
Propaganda Devices and Logical Fallacies
snob appeal
appeal to fear
euphemism
patriotism
making a claim that one should act or think in a certain way…
play on fear
substituting a mild expression for a more offensive one to co…
appealing to a person's love of country
snob appeal
making a claim that one should act or think in a certain way…
appeal to fear
play on fear
33 terms
Leamy- Logical Fallacies/ Propaganda
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Pity
Gambler's Fallacy
Ad Populum
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
This type of fallacy uses the audiences's sympathy, concern,…
Perceiving correlations that don't exist; the belief that sho…
The argument that because a view is popular, or widely, held,…
Ad Hominem
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Appeal to Pity
This type of fallacy uses the audiences's sympathy, concern,…
logical fallacies and propaganda
ad populum
ad hominem
appeal to pathos
slippery slope
concludes that a proposition is true because many or most peo…
attacking your opponents character or personal traits in an a…
plays on people's emotions and beliefs
asserting that if we allow A to happen, Z will consequently h…
ad populum
concludes that a proposition is true because many or most peo…
ad hominem
attacking your opponents character or personal traits in an a…
16 terms
Propaganda Fallacies Irony and Allegory
bandwagon
testimonial
Plain Folks
Glittering generalities
everyone supports this cause so you should
Shaq and Old Spice
Barrack Obama goes to McDonalds
"Make America Great Again"
bandwagon
everyone supports this cause so you should
testimonial
Shaq and Old Spice
17 terms
propaganda and logical fallacies
testimonial
name-calling
ad hominem
the big lie
endorsement by celebrites for profit
negative labels designed to isolate
personal attack
cannot be developed quickly; must be developed with repetitio…
testimonial
endorsement by celebrites for profit
name-calling
negative labels designed to isolate
12 terms
Propaganda and Logical Fallacies
Propaganda
Hasty Generalization
Ad Hominem
Red Herring
The manipulation and control of language.
Involves making assumptions about a person or a group of peop…
Is a practice that involves disagreeing with your opponent, n…
Is when an arguer goes off on a tangent not immediately relat…
Propaganda
The manipulation and control of language.
Hasty Generalization
Involves making assumptions about a person or a group of peop…
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