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Study sets matching "fallacies english 101"

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Study sets matching "fallacies english 101"

13 terms
Logical Fallacies English 101
Ad Hominem
Appeal to the Crowd
Begging the Question
Card Stacking
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Relying on the emotional passion of the crowd in making an ar…
assuming in a premise that which need to be proven
conclusions drawn based upon a biased or prejudiced sample of…
Ad Hominem
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Appeal to the Crowd
Relying on the emotional passion of the crowd in making an ar…
13 terms
Logical Fallacies (English 101)
Non Sequitur
Oversimplification
Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc
Allness
stating a claim that doesn't follow from your first premise o…
offering easy solutions for complicated problems... ex: If we w…
assuming a cause-and-effect relationship where none exists, e…
stating or implying that something is true of an entire class…
Non Sequitur
stating a claim that doesn't follow from your first premise o…
Oversimplification
offering easy solutions for complicated problems... ex: If we w…
23 terms
English 101 common fallacies
Faulty cause
Sweeping generalization
Hasty generalization
Faulty analogy
Assuming that because one thing follows another it was caused…
What is true in most cases will be true in all instances
An example or instance is used as the basis for broader gener…
Assumes that because two things, events, or situations are al…
Faulty cause
Assuming that because one thing follows another it was caused…
Sweeping generalization
What is true in most cases will be true in all instances
18 terms
English 101 logical fallacies
Begging the question
Non sequitur
Appeal to readers emotions exp. sense…
Red Herring
Trading an opinion as if it is established fact also ciculiar…
Linking two or more ideas that are not necessarily connected
Ex. ______ shouldn't pay taxes after all, he's a poor old man
Introduces an irrelevant topic to distract readers from main…
Begging the question
Trading an opinion as if it is established fact also ciculiar…
Non sequitur
Linking two or more ideas that are not necessarily connected
39 terms
English 101 Fallacies
ad hominem
appeal to force
appeal to the masses
arguing from ignorance
"against the man" consists of an attack on the person making…
when someone tries to convince you that an argument is correc…
arguing that a claim is true because a lot of people believe…
when an arguer asserts that a claim is true because you can't…
ad hominem
"against the man" consists of an attack on the person making…
appeal to force
when someone tries to convince you that an argument is correc…
18 terms
English 101: Logical Fallacies
Begging the question (circular logic)
Non sequitur
Post hoc
Faulty analogy
Arguable point presented as fact that supports argument
Conclusion doesn't logically follow explanation
Cause effect don't connect
Dissimilar situations compared
Begging the question (circular logic)
Arguable point presented as fact that supports argument
Non sequitur
Conclusion doesn't logically follow explanation
15 terms
English 101: Fallacies
AD Hominem
Guilt by association
False authority
Bandwagon Appeal
personal attacks rather than focusing on issue
attacks credibility by linking them w bad or suspicious activ…
using famous people to testify for products that they barely…
great movement everyone should join
AD Hominem
personal attacks rather than focusing on issue
Guilt by association
attacks credibility by linking them w bad or suspicious activ…
15 terms
English 101 Fallacies
Begging the question
Non Sequitur
Red Herring
False authority
Treating an opinion that is open to question as if it was alr…
drawing a conclusion based on false assumption
Introducing an irrelevant issue to distract readers
citing as expert opinion the views of a person who is not exp…
Begging the question
Treating an opinion that is open to question as if it was alr…
Non Sequitur
drawing a conclusion based on false assumption
26 terms
English 101: Fallacies
Misapplied Generalization? (LOGOS)
Fallacy of Composition/Extrapolation?…
Circular Logic (Begging the Question)?…
Appeal to Statistics? (LOGOS)
Wrongly attaches or misapplies support that may be generally…
The inverse of a misapplied generalization, this fallacy assu…
Occurs when a claim, thesis, or argument is supported with a…
Using stats that are either irrelevant to the argument, or fr…
Misapplied Generalization? (LOGOS)
Wrongly attaches or misapplies support that may be generally…
Fallacy of Composition/Extrapolation?…
The inverse of a misapplied generalization, this fallacy assu…
13 terms
Logical Fallacies for English 101
begging the question
either-or
false analogies
hasty generalization
a roundabout argument. ex. 'politicians are dishonest because…
suggesting that there are only two choices in a complex situa…
analogies depend on the degree of resemblance of one situatio…
a broad claim made on the basis of a few occurrences. ex. 'we…
begging the question
a roundabout argument. ex. 'politicians are dishonest because…
either-or
suggesting that there are only two choices in a complex situa…
34 terms
English 101: Fallacies
What is Misapplied Generalization? (LO…
What is Fallacy of Composition/Extrapo…
What is Circular Logic (Begging the Qu…
What is Shrink & Grow Fallacy? (LOGOS)
Wrongly attaches or misapplies support that may be generally…
The inverse of a misapplied generalization, this fallacy assu…
Occurs when a claim, thesis, or argument is supported with a…
A temptation in deductive analysis when finding support for a…
What is Misapplied Generalization? (LO…
Wrongly attaches or misapplies support that may be generally…
What is Fallacy of Composition/Extrapo…
The inverse of a misapplied generalization, this fallacy assu…
9 terms
English 101 Fallacy
Ad Populum
Ad verecundium
Begging the question
Confusing cause and effect
When we attempt to persuade people by arguing our position is…
An appeal to persuasion based on higher authority or tradition
When a speaker presumes certain things are facts when they ha…
A common problem with scientific studies in which the fact th…
Ad Populum
When we attempt to persuade people by arguing our position is…
Ad verecundium
An appeal to persuasion based on higher authority or tradition
11 terms
Fallacies 101
Hasty generalization
Post hoc
Ad populum
"Argument" from outrage
The leap to a generalized conclusion based on only a few inst…
Literally meaning "after this," it's a causal fallacy in whic…
Literally meaning "argument" from popularity; refers to a var…
This fallacy is the backbone of talk radio and of political r…
Hasty generalization
The leap to a generalized conclusion based on only a few inst…
Post hoc
Literally meaning "after this," it's a causal fallacy in whic…
13 terms
Fallacies 101
Hasty generalization
Post hoc
Ad populum
"Argument" from outrage
The leap to a generalized conclusion based on only a few inst…
Literally meaning "after this," it's a causal fallacy in whic…
Literally meaning "argument" from popularity; refers to a var…
This fallacy is the backbone of talk radio and of political r…
Hasty generalization
The leap to a generalized conclusion based on only a few inst…
Post hoc
Literally meaning "after this," it's a causal fallacy in whic…
17 terms
English 101 - Writing test: Logical Fallacies
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to the Crowd
Ad Hominem (Abusive)
Ad Hominum (circumstantial)
Basing an argument solely on negative emotion, rather than ev…
Suggesting that popularity equals merit
Trying to discredit an opponent, based on who he is, rather t…
Trying to discredit an opponent, based on his environment, st…
Appeal to Pity
Basing an argument solely on negative emotion, rather than ev…
Appeal to the Crowd
Suggesting that popularity equals merit
11 terms
Fallacies 101
Ad Hominem/Genetic Fallacy
Straw Man
Ad Baculum
Slippery Slope
Attacks against a person rather than an ideas the person pres…
Erecting a distorted or exaggerated representation of a posit…
An appeal to fear in place of logic. ... Examples:... If you don't…
Half an appeal to fear and half a casual fallacy; suggests on…
Ad Hominem/Genetic Fallacy
Attacks against a person rather than an ideas the person pres…
Straw Man
Erecting a distorted or exaggerated representation of a posit…
17 terms
Logical Fallacies (English 051 & Communications 101)
Unsupported Assertion
Isolated Examples
Red Herring
Begging the Question
Citing sources that aren't reputable
Ignoring evidence that doesn't suit your argument
Deliberately distracting from the relevant issue
The speaker attempts to prove their opinion with their opinio…
Unsupported Assertion
Citing sources that aren't reputable
Isolated Examples
Ignoring evidence that doesn't suit your argument
59 terms
GHC English 101 Fallacy and The Rules of Three Quiz
Many Questions
Ambiguity
Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc
Division
A question is provided which is unanswerable unless both of i…
An argument in which the confusion surrounding a group of wor…
Latin: After this therefore because of this. "You see, the pr…
The fallacy that each member of a group has a certain quality…
Many Questions
A question is provided which is unanswerable unless both of i…
Ambiguity
An argument in which the confusion surrounding a group of wor…
33 terms
Fallacies 101
logical Fallacy
Fallacies of Relevance
Red Herring
Ad Hominem
Potential vulnerabilities or weakness in an argument
using evidence that's irrelevant to the claim
speaker skips a new or irrelevant topic in order to avoid the…
diversionary tactic of switching the argument from the issue…
logical Fallacy
Potential vulnerabilities or weakness in an argument
Fallacies of Relevance
using evidence that's irrelevant to the claim
10 terms
Fallacies 101
Hasty generalization
Post hoc
Ad populum
Ad misericordiam
The leap to a generalized conclusion based on only a few inst…
A casual fallacy in which a person assumes one thing caused a…
Argument from popularity; refers to a variety of appeals that…
Appeal to pity; refers to an attempt to use compassion or pit…
Hasty generalization
The leap to a generalized conclusion based on only a few inst…
Post hoc
A casual fallacy in which a person assumes one thing caused a…
11 terms
Fallacies 101
Hasty generalization
Post hoc
Ad populum
Argument from outrage
The leap to a generalized conclusion based on only a few inst…
When a person assumes one thing caused another simply bexause…
Argument from popularity; play on the association of a person…
Use the understanding of what makes someone angry, make them…
Hasty generalization
The leap to a generalized conclusion based on only a few inst…
Post hoc
When a person assumes one thing caused another simply bexause…
English 101 Final Exam Fallacy Examples
Begging the question
Begging the question
Non sequitur
Non sequitur
The college library's expenses should be reduced by cutting s…
The fact is that political campaign financing is too corrupt…
She uses a wheelchair, so she must be unhappy.
Kathleen Newsome has my vote for mayor because she has the be…
Begging the question
The college library's expenses should be reduced by cutting s…
Begging the question
The fact is that political campaign financing is too corrupt…
13 terms
ENGL 101 Midterm Fallacies
Non Sequitur
Oversimplification
Post Hor Ergo; Propter Hoc
Allness
Stating a claim that doesn't follow from your first premise o…
Offering easy solutions for complicated problems
Assuming a cause-and-effect relationship where none exists, e…
Stating or implying that something is true of an entire class…
Non Sequitur
Stating a claim that doesn't follow from your first premise o…
Oversimplification
Offering easy solutions for complicated problems
18 terms
Logical Fallacies Definitions101
Argument to the People ... (Appeal to Sti…
Appeal to Ignorance... DUH.
Appeal to Popularity--Ad Populum ... (Ban…
Appeal to Pity... WAAAAA!
Tries to win popular approval by arousing the feelings and en…
The proposition is true simply on the basis that it has not b…
The claim is true because it is the popular choice. (The numb…
A claim intended to create pity rather than a claim based on…
Argument to the People ... (Appeal to Sti…
Tries to win popular approval by arousing the feelings and en…
Appeal to Ignorance... DUH.
The proposition is true simply on the basis that it has not b…
8 terms
English Fallacies
Red Hearing
False dilemma
generalization
Loaded language
It is a distraction
Either/ or---- Gives you to choices to think about but there…
Jumping to conclusion
Using to much pathos
Red Hearing
It is a distraction
False dilemma
Either/ or---- Gives you to choices to think about but there…
16 terms
English Fallacies
Begging the Question (circular reasoni…
confusing chronology with causality
either or reasoning
equivocating
arguing that a claim is true by repeating the claim in differ…
assuming that because one thing preceded another the former c…
assuming that there are only two sides to a question and repr…
misleading or hedging with ambiguous word choices
Begging the Question (circular reasoni…
arguing that a claim is true by repeating the claim in differ…
confusing chronology with causality
assuming that because one thing preceded another the former c…
10 terms
English Fallacies
Fallacy
Ad Hominem
Bandwagon Appeal
Either-or-Choice
Argument without evidence to back it up; misleading arguement
Personal attack on a person's character
Something accepted as truth because of it's popularity
2 choices presented when actually more than 2 options
Fallacy
Argument without evidence to back it up; misleading arguement
Ad Hominem
Personal attack on a person's character
14 terms
English Fallacies
Fallacy of Composition
Fallacy of Division
False Analogy
Hasty Generalization
Applying an attribute of the parts to the whole
Applying an attribute of the whole to one of its parts
Analogy that does not accurately link two or more subjects
The use of unrepresentative, insufficient, and/or irrelevant…
Fallacy of Composition
Applying an attribute of the parts to the whole
Fallacy of Division
Applying an attribute of the whole to one of its parts
21 terms
English Fallacies
Popular Opinion
Appeal to Motive
Moving the Goal Post
Hasty Generalization
When a large number of people believe in a statement, their o…
Pattern of argument which consists in challenging a thesis
Making an opponent give more points after they have already g…
Inference that is to small a sample
Popular Opinion
When a large number of people believe in a statement, their o…
Appeal to Motive
Pattern of argument which consists in challenging a thesis
41 terms
ENG 101 Fallacies
Anecdotal Evidence
Hasty Generalization
Composition Fallacy
Division Fallacy
Discounting evidence with firsthand stories... "I'm going to ca…
Drawing a general conclusion from a tiny sample... "I just got…
Hasty generalization that assumes a belief applies to entire…
Hasty generalization that assumes a belief about a group appl…
Anecdotal Evidence
Discounting evidence with firsthand stories... "I'm going to ca…
Hasty Generalization
Drawing a general conclusion from a tiny sample... "I just got…
10 terms
ENG 101 Logical Fallacies
Appeal to Emotion
Red Herring
Appeal to Authority
Bandwagon
Attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of a v…
Attempting to redirect the argument to another issue that to…
Said that because an authority thinks something, it must ther…
Appealed to popularity or the fact that many people do someth…
Appeal to Emotion
Attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of a v…
Red Herring
Attempting to redirect the argument to another issue that to…
16 terms
EN 101 Logical Fallacies
Hasty generalization
Missing the point
Post hoc (false cause)
Slippery Slope
making assumptions about a whole group or range of cases base…
the premises of an argument do support a particular conclusio…
Assuming that because B comes after A, A caused B.
The arguer claims that a sort of chain reaction, usually endi…
Hasty generalization
making assumptions about a whole group or range of cases base…
Missing the point
the premises of an argument do support a particular conclusio…
20 terms
English Fallacies
Non Sequitor
Non Sequitor
Oversimplification
Oversimplification
from the latin, it does not follow
"Jen should marry Mateo. In college he got all A's"
happens when a writer offers an easy solution for a very comp…
"If we cant to do away with drug abuse, let's sentence every…
Non Sequitor
from the latin, it does not follow
Non Sequitor
"Jen should marry Mateo. In college he got all A's"
17 terms
English fallacies
fallacy
oversimplification
generalization
circular reasoning
an error in reasoning
to make something easier than it is
to treat a subject without going into details or specifics
restating opinion in a different way
fallacy
an error in reasoning
oversimplification
to make something easier than it is
19 terms
English Fallacies
Fallacies
Non sequitur (logic)
Ad hominem
Ad populum (bandwagoning)
Common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic of y…
It is an argument with a conclusion that does not follow from…
This is an attack on the character of a person rather than hi…
This is an emotional appeal that speaks to positive (such as…
Fallacies
Common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic of y…
Non sequitur (logic)
It is an argument with a conclusion that does not follow from…
18 terms
English - Fallacies
Fallacy
Ad Hominem
Ad Populum (Sweeping Generalization/Ba…
Affirming the Consequent
used to manipulate the less intelligent
Attacking the speaker rather than the argument being made
Assuming that an idea must be correct because majority of the…
If I one situation, another situation must be true as well; i…
Fallacy
used to manipulate the less intelligent
Ad Hominem
Attacking the speaker rather than the argument being made
15 terms
Eng101 Fallacies
Circular reasoning
Cause and effect fallacy/ false cause
False dillema/ either or
non sequiter
proving an unverifiable fact with another unverifiable fact.…
Just because two simultaneous events occurred, they must be t…
simplifies the argument into there only being two sides
if cats=animal and dogs=animal, then cats=dogs
Circular reasoning
proving an unverifiable fact with another unverifiable fact.…
Cause and effect fallacy/ false cause
Just because two simultaneous events occurred, they must be t…
24 terms
English Fallacies
Pound of Flesh
Crossing the Rubicon
Gordian Knot
Cutting the Gordian Knot
someone's insistence on being repaid, even if the payment wil…
to take an irreversible step, often involving some danger
any extremely complex problem
solving extremely complex problems in a quick, decisive manner
Pound of Flesh
someone's insistence on being repaid, even if the payment wil…
Crossing the Rubicon
to take an irreversible step, often involving some danger
15 terms
English fallacies
ad hominen (attack the man)
guilt by association
(glittering) generalization
oversimplification
attacking a person's motive or character, not argument
linking something negative to something argued
making a general statement
ignoring complexities of an issue. trying to provide a simple…
ad hominen (attack the man)
attacking a person's motive or character, not argument
guilt by association
linking something negative to something argued
31 terms
PHILO101 INFORMAL FALLACIES
Argumentum ad Baculum
Argumentum ad Misericordiam
Argumentum ad Populum
Argumentum ad Hominem
Uses force and threats ... (Nananakot)
Pity is evoked. One appeals to compassion or pity.... (Nagpapaawa)
Appealing to the prejudices and attitude of the people that h…
Made an attempt to discredit the person... (Yung tao ang inaatake)
Argumentum ad Baculum
Uses force and threats ... (Nananakot)
Argumentum ad Misericordiam
Pity is evoked. One appeals to compassion or pity.... (Nagpapaawa)
21 terms
HSPH 101 logical fallacies
subjectivist fallacies
subjectivism
appeals majority
appeal to emotion
...
using the fact that one believes or wants a proposition to be…
using the fact that large numbers of people believe a proposi…
trying to get someone to accept a proposition on the basis of…
subjectivist fallacies
...
subjectivism
using the fact that one believes or wants a proposition to be…
39 terms
english: fallacies
appeal to authority
appeal to fear
appeal to pity
begging the question
not an expert on the issue under discussion ... -snob appeal: ap…
threatens the audience
attempts to win sympathy
offers no actual support; may restate as a premise the conclu…
appeal to authority
not an expert on the issue under discussion ... -snob appeal: ap…
appeal to fear
threatens the audience
11 terms
Common Fallacies Phil 101
Genetic Fallacy
Composition
Division
Appeal to the person (ad hominem)
arguing that a claim is true or false solely because of its o…
arguing that what is true of the parts must be true of the wh…
arguing that what is true of the whole must be true of the pa…
rejecting a claim by criticizing the person who makes it rath…
Genetic Fallacy
arguing that a claim is true or false solely because of its o…
Composition
arguing that what is true of the parts must be true of the wh…
14 terms
English fallacies
false dilemma
slippery slope
ad populum
ad hominem
either/or; fallacy or argument in which a complicated issue i…
fallacy of argument exaggerating the possibility that a relat…
bandwagon; claim or course of action is recommended on the gr…
attack against the character against a person rather than the…
false dilemma
either/or; fallacy or argument in which a complicated issue i…
slippery slope
fallacy of argument exaggerating the possibility that a relat…
32 terms
English Fallacies
Hasty Generalization
hasty generalization EX
Missing the point
missing the point EX
making assumptions about a whole group or range of cases base…
Ex: My roommate said her philosophy class was hard, and the o…
the premises of an argument do support a particular conclusio…
Ex: the seriousness of a punishment should match the seriousn…
Hasty Generalization
making assumptions about a whole group or range of cases base…
hasty generalization EX
Ex: My roommate said her philosophy class was hard, and the o…
9 terms
English Fallacies
Ad Homeneum
Ad populim
Begging the question
Either/or fallacy
"to the man" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
"to the crowd" a because of a widespread occurrence makes som…
assuming in a premise that which needs to be proven before mo…
Tending to see an issue as having only two sides; also called…
Ad Homeneum
"to the man" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Ad populim
"to the crowd" a because of a widespread occurrence makes som…
10 terms
Fallacies English
non sequitur
logical fallacy
generalization
red herring/straw man
statement doesn't logically follow a precious statement ... ex:…
mistake/error in reasoning
too vague: few members and applying... it to all... ex: always, nev…
distracts the Audience from the issue
non sequitur
statement doesn't logically follow a precious statement ... ex:…
logical fallacy
mistake/error in reasoning
15 terms
Fallacies - ENG 101
Ad Hominem
Guilt by association
False Authority
Bandwagon Appeal
Make personal attack rather than focusing on the issue at hand
Attacks someone's credibility by linking that person with a p…
Used by advertisers who show famous actors or athletes testif…
Suggests that a great movement is underway and the reader wil…
Ad Hominem
Make personal attack rather than focusing on the issue at hand
Guilt by association
Attacks someone's credibility by linking that person with a p…
32 terms
English Fallacies
Bandwagon Effect
Confirmation Bias
Clustering Illusion
Framing Bias
the human tendency to make decisions on the basis of the majo…
the tendency to view information in a way that validates our…
the human tendency to perceive patterns where no patterns exist
occurs when an individual is presented with two identical opt…
Bandwagon Effect
the human tendency to make decisions on the basis of the majo…
Confirmation Bias
the tendency to view information in a way that validates our…
12 terms
Comm 101: Informal Fallacies
Ad Hominem Argument
Ad Populum Argument
Circular Argument
Distraction
argument against the arguer rather than against the argument…
Supporting a claim by referring to popular opinion or behavio…
Claim is contained in the support. It adds no new information…
bringing irrelevant points in to distract attention from the…
Ad Hominem Argument
argument against the arguer rather than against the argument…
Ad Populum Argument
Supporting a claim by referring to popular opinion or behavio…
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