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Study sets matching "fallacies oversimplification"

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Study sets matching "fallacies oversimplification"

7 terms
Fallacies of Oversimplification
Dicto simplicitor
"Special case"
Composition
Division
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Dicto simplicitor
...
"Special case"
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7 terms
Fallacies of Oversimplification
Dicto Simpliciter
Special Case
Fallacy of Composition
Fallacy of Division
Saying something to simply, absolutely, or unqualified; that…
Something is true in some special case, therefore it is true…
Arguing from the part to the whole, ignoring the fact that wh…
Arguing from the whole part, ignoring the fact that what is t…
Dicto Simpliciter
Saying something to simply, absolutely, or unqualified; that…
Special Case
Something is true in some special case, therefore it is true…
5 terms
Fallacies for oversimplification and generalization EXAMPLES
hast generalization
stereotyping
either/or fallacy
mistaken causal relationship
Marsha mellow was eating strawberry ice cream today. She was…
All taxi drivers like to talk with their passengers.
When you buy a stereo, you can get something cheap for $50, f…
Sol Brilliant wore his pink polka-dotted shirt today, and got…
hast generalization
Marsha mellow was eating strawberry ice cream today. She was…
stereotyping
All taxi drivers like to talk with their passengers.
14 terms
Recognizing Fallacies, Oversimplification and Appeals
Begging the question
Non sequitur
Hasty generalization
Reductive fallacy
treating an opinion that is open to question as if it where a…
drawing a conclusion from irrelevant evidence
asserting an opinion based on too little evidence(Absolute st…
generally, oversimplifying causes and effects
Begging the question
treating an opinion that is open to question as if it where a…
Non sequitur
drawing a conclusion from irrelevant evidence
11 terms
Logical Fallacies of Oversimplification and Misdirection
Hasty generalization
Non sequiturs
Oversimplification
Slippery slope
Offering weak or inadequate evidence to support a conclusion
Conclusions based on irrelevant evidence
Giving easy answers to complicated questions, often accompani…
Arguments attempt to convince readers if one thing is allowed…
Hasty generalization
Offering weak or inadequate evidence to support a conclusion
Non sequiturs
Conclusions based on irrelevant evidence
8 terms
false dilemma: A fallacy of oversimplification that offers a limited number of options (usually two) when in reality more options are available.
Either medicine can explain how Ms. X…
If we don't reduce public spending, ou…
America: Love it or leave it.
The universe could not have been creat…
...
...
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Either medicine can explain how Ms. X…
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If we don't reduce public spending, ou…
...
Fallacies
Strawman
Slippery Slope
False Cause
Ad-hominem
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
A fallacy that occurs when the alleged cause fails to be rela…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
Slippery Slope
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
12 terms
Fallacies
Either/or fallacy (false dichotomy)
Complex question (loaded question)
Equivocation
Faulty Causation (post hoc fallacy)
a writer claims there are only two possible outcomes to a com…
the writer asks two questions in one, or asks a question that…
a writer uses a word with two or more definitions in order to…
the writer makes an illogical assumption about what caused so…
Either/or fallacy (false dichotomy)
a writer claims there are only two possible outcomes to a com…
Complex question (loaded question)
the writer asks two questions in one, or asks a question that…
8 terms
Fallacies
slippery slope
Ad Hominem
begging the question
post hoc
arguing that one bad thing will result in many others
attacking the person rather than the point
assuming argument has been proved without presenting evidence…
assuming that because one event follows another, it was cause…
slippery slope
arguing that one bad thing will result in many others
Ad Hominem
attacking the person rather than the point
9 terms
Logical Fallacies
non sequitur
oversimplification
hasty generalization
either/or reasoning
stating a conclusion that doesn't follow from one or both pre…
supplying neat and easy explanations for large and complicate…
leaping to a generalization from inadequate or faulty evidenc…
A form of extreme oversimplification. Assuming that a problem…
non sequitur
stating a conclusion that doesn't follow from one or both pre…
oversimplification
supplying neat and easy explanations for large and complicate…
10 terms
Logical Fallacies in Argument
Hasty Generalization
Faulty Causality
Either/Or
Slippery Slope
An inference drawn from insufficient evidence
Incorrect assumption that one event caused another event (cor…
Unfair oversimplification of an issue by providing only two o…
Exaggeration of the likely consequences of an action, designe…
Hasty Generalization
An inference drawn from insufficient evidence
Faulty Causality
Incorrect assumption that one event caused another event (cor…
8 terms
Fallacies
Hasty Generalization
Oversimplification
Begging the question
Ignoring the question
an inductive conclusion that leaps to include all instances w…
an inductive conclusion that ignores complexities in the evid…
assuming a conclusion in the statement of a premise, and thus…
introducing an issue or consideration that shifts the argumen…
Hasty Generalization
an inductive conclusion that leaps to include all instances w…
Oversimplification
an inductive conclusion that ignores complexities in the evid…
11 terms
Fallacies
begging the question
either-or
false analogies
hasty generalization
when a claim is restated and passed off as evidence.
there are only 2 choices in a complex situation.
compare 2 situations that aren't comparable.
is not logically justified with good evidence.
begging the question
when a claim is restated and passed off as evidence.
either-or
there are only 2 choices in a complex situation.
16 terms
Fallacies
Red herring
Straw man
Equivocation
False analogy
employ unrelated information to distract the audience's atten…
writer sets up a fake or distorted representation of a counte…
ambiguous terminology that misleads the audience to confuse t…
claims that two things resemble each other when they actually…
Red herring
employ unrelated information to distract the audience's atten…
Straw man
writer sets up a fake or distorted representation of a counte…
20 terms
Fallacies
Equivocation
Slippery slope
begging the question
false dichotomy/ dilemma
telling only part of the truth. Lie of omission , bias
Small event leads to hyperbolized consequences
assumptions and claims without evidence
making extremes the only option
Equivocation
telling only part of the truth. Lie of omission , bias
Slippery slope
Small event leads to hyperbolized consequences
26 terms
Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Guilty by Association
False Authority
Bandwagon Appeal
It make a personal attack rather than focusing on the issue a…
It attacks someone's credibility by linking that person with…
Is often used by adversities who show famous actors or athlet…
Suggest that a great movement is under way and the reader wil…
Ad Hominem
It make a personal attack rather than focusing on the issue a…
Guilty by Association
It attacks someone's credibility by linking that person with…
26 terms
Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Guilt by Association
False Authority
Bandwagon Appeal
Makes a personal attack rather than focusing on the issue at…
Attack's someones credibility by associating the opponent wit…
Often used by advertisers who show famous actors or athletes…
Suggests that a great movement is underway and the reader sho…
Ad Hominem
Makes a personal attack rather than focusing on the issue at…
Guilt by Association
Attack's someones credibility by associating the opponent wit…
14 terms
Logical Fallacies
red herring
ad hominem
faulty analogy
straw man
A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert atten…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
An illogical, misleading comparison between two things.
When a writer argues against a claim that nobody actually hol…
red herring
A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert atten…
ad hominem
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
25 terms
Fallacies
AD HOMINEM
GUILT BY ASSOCIATION
FALSE AUTHORITY
BANDWAGON APPEAL
Personally attacking rather than focusing on the issue at hand.
Attacking someones credibility by linking that person with a…
Someone representing for something else that they know little…
You are a fool if you don't do what everyone else is doing.
AD HOMINEM
Personally attacking rather than focusing on the issue at hand.
GUILT BY ASSOCIATION
Attacking someones credibility by linking that person with a…
25 terms
Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Guilt by Association
False Authority
Bandwagon Appeal
makes a personal attack rather than focusing on the issue at…
attacks one's credibility by linking them with a negative per…
often used by advertisers, shows famous people talking about…
says the reader should get the product because everyone else…
Ad Hominem
makes a personal attack rather than focusing on the issue at…
Guilt by Association
attacks one's credibility by linking them with a negative per…
Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Popularity
Argument from Doubtful or Unidentified…
Bandwagon
A claim or argument is rejected on the basis of some irreleva…
A claim is accepted as being true simply because most people…
When the person in question is not a legitimate authority on…
a threat of rejection by one's peers (or peer pressure) is su…
Ad Hominem
A claim or argument is rejected on the basis of some irreleva…
Appeal to Popularity
A claim is accepted as being true simply because most people…
Logical Fallacies Practice
bandwagon
appeal to fear
appeal to pity
either or thinking
Join the band! Don't be left out.
Using scary things to persuade people
Using a sad story to persuade people
Saying there are only two sides to an issue.
bandwagon
Join the band! Don't be left out.
appeal to fear
Using scary things to persuade people
15 terms
Fallacies of Logic, Emotion, & Language
Bandwagon appeals
Name-calling
Polarization
Straw man
"It doesn't matter if I copy a paper off the Web because ever…
"Every candidate running for office in this election is eithe…
"Feminists are all man-haters."... - Exaggerates positions and g…
"Environmentalists won't be satisfied until not a single huma…
Bandwagon appeals
"It doesn't matter if I copy a paper off the Web because ever…
Name-calling
"Every candidate running for office in this election is eithe…
13 terms
Editorials and Fallacies
Editorial
Fallacy
Hasty generalization
Post hoc
An article giving opinions or perspectives
(n.) a false notion or belief; an error in thinking
a conclusion drawn from insufficient or misleading evidence
Assuming that because B comes after A, A causes B: correlatio…
Editorial
An article giving opinions or perspectives
Fallacy
(n.) a false notion or belief; an error in thinking
Class, Fallacies
3 major types of fallacies
Fallacies based on ambiguity
Fallacies based on relevance
Fallacies based on presumption
-relevance... -presumption... -ambiguity
-equivocation... -amphibioly ... -accent... -composition... -division... -re…
-straw man... -tu quoque... -playing on audience biases... -argumentum…
-Fallaciously complex question... -non causa pro causa (post hoc…
3 major types of fallacies
-relevance... -presumption... -ambiguity
Fallacies based on ambiguity
-equivocation... -amphibioly ... -accent... -composition... -division... -re…
18 terms
Rhetorical Fallacies
Ad hominem fallacy
Ad populum fallacy
Appeal to authority/expert testimony
Bandwagon
a fallacy of logic in which a person's character or motive is…
a popular appeal, or appeal to the majority. The fallacy of a…
citation of information from people recognized for their spec…
either saying that supporting a specific cause/stance would r…
Ad hominem fallacy
a fallacy of logic in which a person's character or motive is…
Ad populum fallacy
a popular appeal, or appeal to the majority. The fallacy of a…
16 terms
AP English 11 - Logical Fallacies
Begging the questions (or circular log…
Non sequitur arguments
Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (false caus…
Faulty analogies
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
(after this, therefore also this) arguments, or past hoc for…
lead to faulty conclusions. Writers often use similar situati…
Begging the questions (or circular log…
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
Non sequitur arguments
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
6 terms
Oversimplification Examples Quiz
Hasty generalization
Non sequiturs
Oversimplification
Slippery slope
Playing sports makes people more aggressive. Look at all thos…
I should be getting an A in writing class, I got an A in my a…
The more breaks an employee takes, the less productive she wi…
If we let the government ban assault rifles, the next thing y…
Hasty generalization
Playing sports makes people more aggressive. Look at all thos…
Non sequiturs
I should be getting an A in writing class, I got an A in my a…
30 terms
Logical Fallacies
Ad Homineum
Ad Populum
Bandwagon
Begging the question
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Assuming that the widespread occurrence of something makes it…
A threat of rejection is substituted for evidence...there is…
A form of logical fallacy in which a statement or claim is as…
Ad Homineum
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Ad Populum
Assuming that the widespread occurrence of something makes it…
8 terms
Fallacies
non-sequitur argument
oversimplification
argument from doubtful or unidentified…
Ad Hominem argument
conclusion does not follow the premise... e.g. bob drives a Mer…
supplying neat and easy explanations for large and complicate…
e.g. we ought to castrate all sex offenders! that's what my U…
attacks the person rather than the issue... e.g. We know that B…
non-sequitur argument
conclusion does not follow the premise... e.g. bob drives a Mer…
oversimplification
supplying neat and easy explanations for large and complicate…
29 terms
Fallacies
Fallacy
Ambiguity
Fallacy of Division
Fallacy of Composition
Errors, mistakes, and confusion in oral and written discourse…
A word, or group or words, which produce multiple interpretat…
Applying the property of a group to the property of a member…
Applying the properties of individual members to a single gro…
Fallacy
Errors, mistakes, and confusion in oral and written discourse…
Ambiguity
A word, or group or words, which produce multiple interpretat…
Logical Fallacies (SHS List)
Ad Hominem
Tu Quoque
Guilt by association
Begging the question
Avoid argument, attack character.... Example: "Trump will not be…
Turn argument on someone. "U" Effect... Example: (Officer) I pu…
Viewed negatively because of another source.... Example: Being o…
Circular reasoning/ supporting a claim with a claim.... Example…
Ad Hominem
Avoid argument, attack character.... Example: "Trump will not be…
Tu Quoque
Turn argument on someone. "U" Effect... Example: (Officer) I pu…
23 terms
Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Guilt by Association
False Authority
Bandwagon Appeal
directed against a person rather than the position they are m…
guilt ascribed to someone not because of any evidence but bec…
often used by advertisers who show famous actors or athletes…
suggests that a great movement is under way and the reader wi…
Ad Hominem
directed against a person rather than the position they are m…
Guilt by Association
guilt ascribed to someone not because of any evidence but bec…
19 terms
Fallacies
Slippery slope
Equivocation
Post Hoc
Hasty Generalization
Once you start you can't go back. Ex: Once you legalize eutha…
Using the same term at least twice within the same statement…
Meaning "after this". Confusing precedence with causality. Ex…
Plain and simple stereotyping. Insufficient evidence to suppo…
Slippery slope
Once you start you can't go back. Ex: Once you legalize eutha…
Equivocation
Using the same term at least twice within the same statement…
9 terms
Fallacies
straw man
red herring
ad hominem
Weak analogy
Where the arguer offers a weak version of the opponent's posi…
An argument that avoids the primary issue to pursue a side is…
The arguer attacks his or her opponent instead of the opponen…
An argument that relies on an analogy between two or more obj…
straw man
Where the arguer offers a weak version of the opponent's posi…
red herring
An argument that avoids the primary issue to pursue a side is…
31 terms
Logical Fallacies Examples
"Although Ms. Jackson has been accused…
"Sam Smith divorced his loving wife of…
"Teaching kids about sex education is…
" I figured that you couldn't possibly…
STRAWMAN ... Setting up an artificially easy argument to refute…
AD HOMINEM ... An attack on the character of the individual or t…
FAULTY COMPARISON/FALSE ANALOGY... Basing an argument on simplis…
AD HOMINEM ... An attack on the character of the individual or t…
"Although Ms. Jackson has been accused…
STRAWMAN ... Setting up an artificially easy argument to refute…
"Sam Smith divorced his loving wife of…
AD HOMINEM ... An attack on the character of the individual or t…
20 terms
"Terrible Twenty" Logical Fallacies
false analogy
oversimplification
either-or fallacy
faulty generalization
Faulty comparison between people, places, or things (concrete…
Denial or failure to recognize a situation's complexity.... Fau…
Situation reduced to only two potential solutions or conclusi…
Conclusion made with inadequate evidence.... Faulty logic: This…
false analogy
Faulty comparison between people, places, or things (concrete…
oversimplification
Denial or failure to recognize a situation's complexity.... Fau…
20 terms
Fallacies
Non Sequitur
Non Sequitur-Example
Oversimplification
Oversimplification- Example
from the Latin "it does not follow"
Jean should marry Mateo. In college he got all A's.
when a writer offers an easy solution for a complicated problem
If we want to do away with drug abuse, lets sentence every dr…
Non Sequitur
from the Latin "it does not follow"
Non Sequitur-Example
Jean should marry Mateo. In college he got all A's.
20 terms
Logical Fallacies
False Analogy
Oversimplification
Either-or fallacy
Faulty generalization
Definition: Faulty comparison between people, places, or thin…
Definition: Denial or failure to recognize a situation's comp…
Definition: Situation reduced to only two potential solutions…
Definition: Conclusion made with inadequate evidence.... Faulty…
False Analogy
Definition: Faulty comparison between people, places, or thin…
Oversimplification
Definition: Denial or failure to recognize a situation's comp…
11 terms
Common Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Ad Populum
Ad Verecundiam
Begging the Question
attacking a person's motive or character instead of his/her a…
use of emotionally charged words to sway the reader's opinion…
appeal to authority, use of authority figure in a reference t…
presenting a premise as if it were a fact when it is debatabl…
Ad Hominem
attacking a person's motive or character instead of his/her a…
Ad Populum
use of emotionally charged words to sway the reader's opinion…
10 terms
Logical Fallacies
Argument Ad Hominem
Bandwagon Approach
Begging the Question
Circular Reasoning
Attacking the person.
Urging acceptance because "everybody does it."
Assuming as fact what must be proven.
Merely repeating your opinion and calling it a valid point.
Argument Ad Hominem
Attacking the person.
Bandwagon Approach
Urging acceptance because "everybody does it."
12 terms
Fallacies
Post hoc
Either/Or Reasoning
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Dubious Authority
- This fallacy gets its name from the Latin phrase which tran…
-Assuming that a reality can be divided into only two extreme…
- Definition: attacking the person's character instead of the…
- Definition: trying to get readers to agree simply by impres…
Post hoc
- This fallacy gets its name from the Latin phrase which tran…
Either/Or Reasoning
-Assuming that a reality can be divided into only two extreme…
20 terms
Logical Fallacies
false analogy
oversimplification
either-or fallacy
faulty generalization
Faulty comparison between people, places, or things (concrete…
Denial or failure to recognize a situation's complexity.... Fau…
Situation reduced to only two potential solutions or conclusi…
Conclusion made with inadequate evidence.... Faulty logic: This…
false analogy
Faulty comparison between people, places, or things (concrete…
oversimplification
Denial or failure to recognize a situation's complexity.... Fau…
22 terms
Fallacies
AD HOMINEM
GUILT BY ASSOCIATION
FALSE AUTHORITY
BANDWAGON APPEAL
Ad hominem charges make a personal attack rather than focusin…
Guilt by association attacks someone's credibility by linking…
False authority is often used by advertisers who show famous…
Bandwagon appeal suggests that a great movement is under way…
AD HOMINEM
Ad hominem charges make a personal attack rather than focusin…
GUILT BY ASSOCIATION
Guilt by association attacks someone's credibility by linking…
20 terms
Logical Fallacies
false analogy
oversimplification
either-or fallacy
faulty generalization
Definition: Faulty comparison between people, places, or thin…
Definition: Denial or failure to recognize a situation's comp…
Definition: Situation reduced to only two potential solutions…
Definition: Conclusion made with inadequate evidence.... Faulty…
false analogy
Definition: Faulty comparison between people, places, or thin…
oversimplification
Definition: Denial or failure to recognize a situation's comp…
17 terms
Fallacies
Ad hominem
Argument from authority
Appeal to ignorance
Begging the question
Attacking the person instead of the argument
Tempts us to agree with the writers assumptions based on a fa…
Assumption that Whatever has not been proven false must be tr…
Circular form of reasoning
Ad hominem
Attacking the person instead of the argument
Argument from authority
Tempts us to agree with the writers assumptions based on a fa…
16 terms
Logical Fallacies
Strawman
Slippery Slope
Either/Or, False Dilemma
Ad-hominem
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
When two alternative states are presented as the only possibi…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
Slippery Slope
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
20 terms
"Terrible Twenty" Logical Fallacies
false analogy
oversimplification
either-or fallacy
faulty generalization
Faulty comparison between people, places, or things (concrete…
Denial or failure to recognize a situation's complexity.... Fau…
Situation reduced to only two potential solutions or conclusi…
Conclusion made with inadequate evidence.... Faulty logic: This…
false analogy
Faulty comparison between people, places, or things (concrete…
oversimplification
Denial or failure to recognize a situation's complexity.... Fau…
16 terms
PROPAGANDA SATIRE AND FALLACIES
AD HOMINEM
PROPAGANDA
INDUCTIVE LOGIC
DEDUCTIVE LOGIC
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cau…
pattern of thinking; deriving a general statement from specif…
Conclusion is drawn from general observations to specific con…
AD HOMINEM
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
PROPAGANDA
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cau…
9 terms
Fallacies
Ad hominem
Begging the question
Hasty generalization
Post hoc,ergo propter hoc
Attack character of opposing argument
Circular reading
Sample is too small
Link between two relationships
Ad hominem
Attack character of opposing argument
Begging the question
Circular reading
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