Study sets matching "fallacies oversimplification"

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Study sets matching "fallacies oversimplification"

7 terms
Fallacies of Oversimplification.
Dicto Simpliciter
Special pleading
"Black and White" Fallacy
Quoting out of Context
Fallacy due to oversimplification where something is said too…
Form of fallacious argument that involves an attempt to cite…
There are blacks and whites, but there are also grey's. "It i…
The Bible teaches, in Ecclesiastes, that "all is vanity" (Ecc…
Dicto Simpliciter
Fallacy due to oversimplification where something is said too…
Special pleading
Form of fallacious argument that involves an attempt to cite…
Oversimplification Fallacies
DICTO SIMPLICITER
SPECIAL CASE
Composition
Division
"SAYING SOMETHING SIMPLY": Ignoring an argument by applying a…
Ignoring an argument by saying that because something is true…
Ignoring that was is true of the parts is not necessarily tru…
Ignoring that what is true of the whole is not necessarily tr…
DICTO SIMPLICITER
"SAYING SOMETHING SIMPLY": Ignoring an argument by applying a…
SPECIAL CASE
Ignoring an argument by saying that because something is true…
7 terms
Fallacies of Oversimplification
Dicto simplicitor
"Special case"
Composition
Division
...
...
...
...
Dicto simplicitor
...
"Special case"
...
7 terms
Fallacies of Oversimplification
Dicto Simpliciter
Special Case
Fallacy of Composition
Fallacy of Division
Saying something to simply, absolutely, or unqualified; that…
Something is true in some special case, therefore it is true…
Arguing from the part to the whole, ignoring the fact that wh…
Arguing from the whole part, ignoring the fact that what is t…
Dicto Simpliciter
Saying something to simply, absolutely, or unqualified; that…
Special Case
Something is true in some special case, therefore it is true…
Recognizing Fallacies, Oversimplification and Appeals
Begging the question
Non sequitur
Hasty generalization
Reductive fallacy
treating an opinion that is open to question as if it where a…
drawing a conclusion from irrelevant evidence
asserting an opinion based on too little evidence(Absolute st…
generally, oversimplifying causes and effects
Begging the question
treating an opinion that is open to question as if it where a…
Non sequitur
drawing a conclusion from irrelevant evidence
Fallacies for oversimplification and generalization
hasty generalization
stereotyping
either/or fallacy
mistaken casual relationship
1) is a statement that jumps to a conclusion before there are…
2) is the mistake of labeling all member of a group with the…
3) presents only two extreme alternatives to a situation and…
4) mistakes the reason why something happened
hasty generalization
1) is a statement that jumps to a conclusion before there are…
stereotyping
2) is the mistake of labeling all member of a group with the…
Fallacies for oversimplification and generalization EXAMPLES
hast generalization
stereotyping
either/or fallacy
mistaken causal relationship
Marsha mellow was eating strawberry ice cream today. She was…
All taxi drivers like to talk with their passengers.
When you buy a stereo, you can get something cheap for $50, f…
Sol Brilliant wore his pink polka-dotted shirt today, and got…
hast generalization
Marsha mellow was eating strawberry ice cream today. She was…
stereotyping
All taxi drivers like to talk with their passengers.
11 terms
Logical Fallacies of Oversimplification and Misdirection
Hasty generalization
Non sequiturs
Oversimplification
Slippery slope
Offering weak or inadequate evidence to support a conclusion
Conclusions based on irrelevant evidence
Giving easy answers to complicated questions, often accompani…
Arguments attempt to convince readers if one thing is allowed…
Hasty generalization
Offering weak or inadequate evidence to support a conclusion
Non sequiturs
Conclusions based on irrelevant evidence
Logical Fallacies: Oversimplification, Definitions Quiz
offering weak or inadequate evidence t…
conclusions based on irrelevant evidence
giving easy answers to complicated que…
attempts to convince readers that if o…
Hasty Generalization
Non sequiturs
Oversimplification
slippery slope
offering weak or inadequate evidence t…
Hasty Generalization
conclusions based on irrelevant evidence
Non sequiturs
ENGLISH 5 fallacies that use oversimplification and generalization
Hasty generalization
Stereotyping
Either/or fallacy
Mistake casual relationship/faulty cau…
A statement that jumps to a conclusion before there are enoug…
Is the mistake of labeling all members of a group with the sa…
Presents only two extreme alternatives to a situation and ign…
A fallacy that mistakes the reason why something happened
Hasty generalization
A statement that jumps to a conclusion before there are enoug…
Stereotyping
Is the mistake of labeling all members of a group with the sa…
false dilemma: A fallacy of oversimplification that offers a limited number of options (usually two) when in reality more options are available.
Either medicine can explain how Ms. X…
If we don't reduce public spending, ou…
America: Love it or leave it.
The universe could not have been creat…
...
...
...
...
Either medicine can explain how Ms. X…
...
If we don't reduce public spending, ou…
...
Fallacies
Strawman
Slippery Slope
False Cause
Ad-hominem
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
A fallacy that occurs when the alleged cause fails to be rela…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
Slippery Slope
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
12 terms
Fallacies
Either/or fallacy (false dichotomy)
Complex question (loaded question)
Equivocation
Faulty Causation (post hoc fallacy)
a writer claims there are only two possible outcomes to a com…
the writer asks two questions in one, or asks a question that…
a writer uses a word with two or more definitions in order to…
the writer makes an illogical assumption about what caused so…
Either/or fallacy (false dichotomy)
a writer claims there are only two possible outcomes to a com…
Complex question (loaded question)
the writer asks two questions in one, or asks a question that…
15 terms
Fallacies of Logic & Emotion Definitions
Bandwagon appeals
Name-calling
Polarization
Straw man
Claims that since many people believe an argument, the argume…
Propaganda intended to turn people against an opponent or an…
A sharp division, as of a population or group, into opposing…
A fallacy that occurs when a speaker chooses a deliberately p…
Bandwagon appeals
Claims that since many people believe an argument, the argume…
Name-calling
Propaganda intended to turn people against an opponent or an…
19 terms
Fallacies
Slippery slope
Equivocation
Post Hoc
Hasty Generalization
Once you start you can't go back. Ex: Once you legalize eutha…
Using the same term at least twice within the same statement…
Meaning "after this". Confusing precedence with causality. Ex…
Plain and simple stereotyping. Insufficient evidence to suppo…
Slippery slope
Once you start you can't go back. Ex: Once you legalize eutha…
Equivocation
Using the same term at least twice within the same statement…
8 terms
Fallacies
slippery slope
Ad Hominem
begging the question
post hoc
arguing that one bad thing will result in many others
attacking the person rather than the point
assuming argument has been proved without presenting evidence…
assuming that because one event follows another, it was cause…
slippery slope
arguing that one bad thing will result in many others
Ad Hominem
attacking the person rather than the point
Logical Fallacies
Strawman Fallacy
Red Herring
Either/Or
Ethos
Misrepresenting or twisting someone's argument so it's easier…
Presenting unrelated information to mislead or distract from…
Unfair oversimplification of an issue by providing only two o…
an appeal based on the speaker's trustworthiness or credibility
Strawman Fallacy
Misrepresenting or twisting someone's argument so it's easier…
Red Herring
Presenting unrelated information to mislead or distract from…
12 terms
Logical Fallacies
Strawman Fallacy
Red Herring
Either/Or
Ethos
Misrepresenting or twisting someone's argument so it's easier…
Presenting unrelated information to mislead or distract from…
Unfair oversimplification of an issue by providing only two o…
an appeal based on the speaker's trustworthiness or credibility
Strawman Fallacy
Misrepresenting or twisting someone's argument so it's easier…
Red Herring
Presenting unrelated information to mislead or distract from…
Fallacies of Logos
Unsupported Opinions
Hasty Generalization
Oversimplification
False Analogy
the author expresses his or her opinions without providing ev…
Coming to a conclusion too quickly without enough support or…
Reducing a complicated issue into a simple one.... Example: The…
a comparison of two items that are not similar enough. Exampl…
Unsupported Opinions
the author expresses his or her opinions without providing ev…
Hasty Generalization
Coming to a conclusion too quickly without enough support or…
Fallacies
Hasty Generalization
Oversimplification
Begging the question
Ignoring the question
an inductive conclusion that leaps to include all instances w…
an inductive conclusion that ignores complexities in the evid…
assuming a conclusion in the statement of a premise, and thus…
introducing an issue or consideration that shifts the argumen…
Hasty Generalization
an inductive conclusion that leaps to include all instances w…
Oversimplification
an inductive conclusion that ignores complexities in the evid…
14 terms
Logical Fallacies
Red Herring
Ad Hominem
Oversimplification... (Straw man)
Either/Or... False Dilemma
Skipping to a new and irrelevant topic... (He wears too much bro…
Switching the argument from the topic at hand to the characte…
Oversimplification falsely reduces a complex issue down to ov…
Presenting two extreme options in order to ignore other more…
Red Herring
Skipping to a new and irrelevant topic... (He wears too much bro…
Ad Hominem
Switching the argument from the topic at hand to the characte…
Oversimplification Examples Quiz
Hasty generalization
Non sequiturs
Oversimplification
Slippery slope
Playing sports makes people more aggressive. Look at all thos…
I should be getting an A in writing class, I got an A in my a…
The more breaks an employee takes, the less productive she wi…
If we let the government ban assault rifles, the next thing y…
Hasty generalization
Playing sports makes people more aggressive. Look at all thos…
Non sequiturs
I should be getting an A in writing class, I got an A in my a…
Fallacies #2
Non sequitur
Oversimplification
Double standard
Stereotyping
Statement in which the final part is totally unrelated to the…
To put a general explanation for something and ignoring all o…
When principals are not applied equally.
Belief applied to all members of a group.
Non sequitur
Statement in which the final part is totally unrelated to the…
Oversimplification
To put a general explanation for something and ignoring all o…
29 terms
Fallacies
Fallacy
Ambiguity
Fallacy of Division
Fallacy of Composition
Errors, mistakes, and confusion in oral and written discourse…
A word, or group or words, which produce multiple interpretat…
Applying the property of a group to the property of a member…
Applying the properties of individual members to a single gro…
Fallacy
Errors, mistakes, and confusion in oral and written discourse…
Ambiguity
A word, or group or words, which produce multiple interpretat…
51 terms
fallacies
non sequitur
red herring
begging the question
equivocation
"it does not follow"; logical structure of an argument is inv…
speaker brings up a point that has nothing to do with or no r…
a statement that the very question argued has already been pr…
when a lie is given the appearance of truth; deceptive language
non sequitur
"it does not follow"; logical structure of an argument is inv…
red herring
speaker brings up a point that has nothing to do with or no r…
Fallacies
Non Sequitur
Non Sequitur-Example
Oversimplification
Oversimplification- Example
from the Latin "it does not follow"
Jean should marry Mateo. In college he got all A's.
when a writer offers an easy solution for a complicated problem
If we want to do away with drug abuse, lets sentence every dr…
Non Sequitur
from the Latin "it does not follow"
Non Sequitur-Example
Jean should marry Mateo. In college he got all A's.
Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Popularity
Argument from Doubtful or Unidentified…
Bandwagon
A claim or argument is rejected on the basis of some irreleva…
A claim is accepted as being true simply because most people…
When the person in question is not a legitimate authority on…
a threat of rejection by one's peers (or peer pressure) is su…
Ad Hominem
A claim or argument is rejected on the basis of some irreleva…
Appeal to Popularity
A claim is accepted as being true simply because most people…
Fallacies
transfer
argumentum ad hominem
argumentum ad populum
hasty generalizations
The association of a proposition with a famous person where t…
Discredits a person in order to discredit their argument. Att…
Deliberately arouses an audiences emotions about certain inst…
A conclusion based on insufficient, unrepresentative, or untr…
transfer
The association of a proposition with a famous person where t…
argumentum ad hominem
Discredits a person in order to discredit their argument. Att…
10 terms
Logical Fallacies in Argument
Hasty Generalization
Faulty Causality
Either/Or
Slippery Slope
An inference drawn from insufficient evidence
Incorrect assumption that one event caused another event (cor…
Unfair oversimplification of an issue by providing only two o…
Exaggeration of the likely consequences of an action, designe…
Hasty Generalization
An inference drawn from insufficient evidence
Faulty Causality
Incorrect assumption that one event caused another event (cor…
Fallacies
Ad hominem
Ad populum
Ad verecundiam
Begging the question
...
...
...
...
Ad hominem
...
Ad populum
...
Logical Fallacies Part 1
False Analogy
Oversimplification
Either-or fallacy
Faulty generalization
Definition: Faulty comparison between people, places, or thin…
Definition: Denial or failure to recognize a situation's comp…
Definition: Situation reduced to only two potential solutions…
Definition: Conclusion made with inadequate evidence.... Faulty…
False Analogy
Definition: Faulty comparison between people, places, or thin…
Oversimplification
Definition: Denial or failure to recognize a situation's comp…
9 terms
Fallacies
straw man
red herring
ad hominem
Weak analogy
Where the arguer offers a weak version of the opponent's posi…
An argument that avoids the primary issue to pursue a side is…
The arguer attacks his or her opponent instead of the opponen…
An argument that relies on an analogy between two or more obj…
straw man
Where the arguer offers a weak version of the opponent's posi…
red herring
An argument that avoids the primary issue to pursue a side is…
20 terms
Fallacies
Equivocation
Slippery slope
begging the question
false dichotomy/ dilemma
telling only part of the truth. Lie of omission , bias
Small event leads to hyperbolized consequences
assumptions and claims without evidence
making extremes the only option
Equivocation
telling only part of the truth. Lie of omission , bias
Slippery slope
Small event leads to hyperbolized consequences
14 terms
Logical Fallacies
red herring
ad hominem
faulty analogy
straw man
A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert atten…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
An illogical, misleading comparison between two things.
When a writer argues against a claim that nobody actually hol…
red herring
A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert atten…
ad hominem
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
30 terms
Logical Fallacies
Ad Homineum
Ad Populum
Bandwagon
Begging the question
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Assuming that the widespread occurrence of something makes it…
A threat of rejection is substituted for evidence...there is…
A form of logical fallacy in which a statement or claim is as…
Ad Homineum
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Ad Populum
Assuming that the widespread occurrence of something makes it…
Fallacies
Ad hominem
Bandwagon
Begging the question
Equivocation
Attacks the opponent, not their arguement
Peer pressure
Circular reasoning
Part of the truth
Ad hominem
Attacks the opponent, not their arguement
Bandwagon
Peer pressure
25 terms
Fallacies
AD HOMINEM
GUILT BY ASSOCIATION
FALSE AUTHORITY
BANDWAGON APPEAL
Personally attacking rather than focusing on the issue at hand.
Attacking someones credibility by linking that person with a…
Someone representing for something else that they know little…
You are a fool if you don't do what everyone else is doing.
AD HOMINEM
Personally attacking rather than focusing on the issue at hand.
GUILT BY ASSOCIATION
Attacking someones credibility by linking that person with a…
15 terms
Fallacies
slippery slope
Red Herring
Ad Hominem
begging the question
arguing that one bad thing will result in many others
distracting listeners with sensational, irrelevant material
attacking the person rather than the point
assuming argument has been proved without presenting evidence…
slippery slope
arguing that one bad thing will result in many others
Red Herring
distracting listeners with sensational, irrelevant material
9 terms
Logical Fallacies
non sequitur
oversimplification
hasty generalization
either/or reasoning
stating a conclusion that doesn't follow from one or both pre…
supplying neat and easy explanations for large and complicate…
leaping to a generalization from inadequate or faulty evidenc…
A form of extreme oversimplification. Assuming that a problem…
non sequitur
stating a conclusion that doesn't follow from one or both pre…
oversimplification
supplying neat and easy explanations for large and complicate…
Class, Fallacies
3 major types of fallacies
Fallacies based on ambiguity
Fallacies based on relevance
Fallacies based on presumption
-relevance... -presumption... -ambiguity
-equivocation... -amphibioly ... -accent... -composition... -division... -re…
-straw man... -tu quoque... -playing on audience biases... -argumentum…
-Fallaciously complex question... -non causa pro causa (post hoc…
3 major types of fallacies
-relevance... -presumption... -ambiguity
Fallacies based on ambiguity
-equivocation... -amphibioly ... -accent... -composition... -division... -re…
18 terms
Rhetorical Fallacies
Ad hominem fallacy
Ad populum fallacy
Appeal to authority/expert testimony
Bandwagon
a fallacy of logic in which a person's character or motive is…
a popular appeal, or appeal to the majority. The fallacy of a…
citation of information from people recognized for their spec…
either saying that supporting a specific cause/stance would r…
Ad hominem fallacy
a fallacy of logic in which a person's character or motive is…
Ad populum fallacy
a popular appeal, or appeal to the majority. The fallacy of a…
16 terms
AP English 11 - Logical Fallacies
Begging the questions (or circular log…
Non sequitur arguments
Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (false caus…
Faulty analogies
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
(after this, therefore also this) arguments, or past hoc for…
lead to faulty conclusions. Writers often use similar situati…
Begging the questions (or circular log…
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
Non sequitur arguments
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
8 terms
Fallacies
Fallacy
Casual fallacy
Bandwagon fallacy
Either/or fallacy
false reasoning. persuade w/out adequate evidence or irreleve…
faulty cause & effect
because everyone believes it, it must be right
oversimplification of an issue into a choice between only 2 o…
Fallacy
false reasoning. persuade w/out adequate evidence or irreleve…
Casual fallacy
faulty cause & effect
16 terms
Fallacies
Circular reasoning
Hasty Generalization
Fault Cause and Effect
False Analogy
an argument takes its proof from a factor within the argument…
A person draws a conclusion about a large group based on expe…
Assuming that a particular event B, is caused by another even…
This fallacy consists in assuming that because two things are…
Circular reasoning
an argument takes its proof from a factor within the argument…
Hasty Generalization
A person draws a conclusion about a large group based on expe…
70 terms
Fallacies
Red Herring
Non Sequiter
Begging the Question
Ad Hominen
This occurs when a writer tries to distract the audience from…
Occurs when no logical relationship exists between 2 or more…
Occurs when the arguer fails to establish truth behind a deba…
Occurs when the arguer attacks a person, rather than a point…
Red Herring
This occurs when a writer tries to distract the audience from…
Non Sequiter
Occurs when no logical relationship exists between 2 or more…
Logical Fallacies (SHS List)
Ad Hominem
Tu Quoque
Guilt by association
Begging the question
Avoid argument, attack character.... Example: "Trump will not be…
Turn argument on someone. "U" Effect... Example: (Officer) I pu…
Viewed negatively because of another source.... Example: Being o…
Circular reasoning/ supporting a claim with a claim.... Example…
Ad Hominem
Avoid argument, attack character.... Example: "Trump will not be…
Tu Quoque
Turn argument on someone. "U" Effect... Example: (Officer) I pu…
24 Fallacies
Either/Or Fallacy
False Analogy
Circular Reasoning
Non Sequitur
(False Dilemma) Offers only two alternative choices or soluti…
A weak comparison in two things that are alike in a certain r…
(Begging the Question)- Arguing a conclusion is true without…
The conclusion could be either true or false, but the argumen…
Either/Or Fallacy
(False Dilemma) Offers only two alternative choices or soluti…
False Analogy
A weak comparison in two things that are alike in a certain r…
12 terms
Fallacies
Post hoc
Either/Or Reasoning
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Dubious Authority
- This fallacy gets its name from the Latin phrase which tran…
-Assuming that a reality can be divided into only two extreme…
- Definition: attacking the person's character instead of the…
- Definition: trying to get readers to agree simply by impres…
Post hoc
- This fallacy gets its name from the Latin phrase which tran…
Either/Or Reasoning
-Assuming that a reality can be divided into only two extreme…
PAR Causal Fallacies
Confusion of a Necessary with a Suffic…
Casual Oversimplification
Post Hoc Fallacy
Confusion of Cause and Effect
- Assuming that a necessary condition of an even is also a su…
- Pointing out the very obvious of an event to make it the ca…
- Assuming that a particular event, (A), is caused by another…
- Confusing the cause with the effect of an event... - It's no w…
Confusion of a Necessary with a Suffic…
- Assuming that a necessary condition of an even is also a su…
Casual Oversimplification
- Pointing out the very obvious of an event to make it the ca…
50 terms
Logical Fallacies
bare assertion
bare assertion example
begging the question
begging the question example
The most basic way to distort an issue is to deny that it exi…
The private ownership of handguns is a constitutional right.…
Also known as circular reasoning, this fallacy arises from as…
We don't need a useless film series when every third student…
bare assertion
The most basic way to distort an issue is to deny that it exi…
bare assertion example
The private ownership of handguns is a constitutional right.…
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