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19 terms
Chapter 5 Fat
Lipids
Fatty acid
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
A group of compounds that includes triglycerides (fats and oi…
A chain of carbons linked or bonded together, and the buildin…
The chemical or substrate form in which most fat exists in fo…
Type of lipid in which one fatty acid has been replaced by a…
Lipids
A group of compounds that includes triglycerides (fats and oi…
Fatty acid
A chain of carbons linked or bonded together, and the buildin…
10 terms
Chapter 5: Fat
Long chain FA
Medium Chain FA
Short Chain FA
Free radical
12-24 C, found in meat and Fish
6-10 C, often added to nutritional supplemental fluids
Less than 6 C, found in dairy products
Molecule with weak bond and unpaired electron- sometimes atta…
Long chain FA
12-24 C, found in meat and Fish
Medium Chain FA
6-10 C, often added to nutritional supplemental fluids
44 terms
Chapter 5: Fat
lipids
triglycerides
ester
fatty acids
a class of organic substances that are insoluble in water but…
also known as the true fats or the neutral fats, are the prin…
when an acid (fatty acid) and an alcohol (glycerol) combine,…
one of the components of fat, are chains of carbon, oxygen, a…
lipids
a class of organic substances that are insoluble in water but…
triglycerides
also known as the true fats or the neutral fats, are the prin…
20 terms
Chapter 5: Fat
Functions of Fat:
What is the building block of fat?
Saturated Fat
Unsaturated Fat
Energy, regulation, and structure.
Triglyceride
Solid at room temperature.
Liquid at room temperature.
Functions of Fat:
Energy, regulation, and structure.
What is the building block of fat?
Triglyceride
48 terms
Chapter 5: Fat
What are different types of dietary fa…
what are triglycerides?
types of fatty acids
what are common foods high in fat cont…
triglycerides, cholesterol, phospholipids
an ester of glycerol (alcohol) and 3 fatty acids?
saturated fatty acid, unsaturated fatty acid (cis), monounsat…
oils, butter, margarine... sausages, hot dogs, cheese... whole milk
What are different types of dietary fa…
triglycerides, cholesterol, phospholipids
what are triglycerides?
an ester of glycerol (alcohol) and 3 fatty acids?
12 terms
Chapter 5- Fat
The major dietary source of lipids are…
Dietary fats are absorbed into the bod…
Which of the following is true for exe…
Which of the following statements best…
D. triglycerides.
B. Lipids are hydrolyzed into fatty acids, glycerol, choleste…
D. All of the answers are correct.
D. Current scientific literature does not support the notion…
The major dietary source of lipids are…
D. triglycerides.
Dietary fats are absorbed into the bod…
B. Lipids are hydrolyzed into fatty acids, glycerol, choleste…
NASM Chapter 5 - fat
Fat
Lipods
Fatty acid
Triglyceride
Provides energy to the body... Also called lipids
A group of compounds that includes triglycerides (fats and oi…
A chain of carbons linked together and the building blocks of…
The chemical or substance form in which most fats exist in fo…
Fat
Provides energy to the body... Also called lipids
Lipods
A group of compounds that includes triglycerides (fats and oi…
52 terms
Chapter 5 - Fats
Lipids
Triglyceride
Fatty acids
Glycerol
This describes a diverse group of organic substances that are…
AKA triacylglycerols, it is a molecule consisting of three fa…
These refer to long chains of carbon atoms bound to each othe…
This is the backbone of a triglyceride molecule is alcohol co…
Lipids
This describes a diverse group of organic substances that are…
Triglyceride
AKA triacylglycerols, it is a molecule consisting of three fa…
9 terms
Nutrition Chapter 5 / Fat
Triglyceride
What percentage of total calories does…
Saturated Fatty Acid
Unsaturated Fatty Acid
The chemical form of fat in food and body fat ( consists of g…
35% of total calories
Long string of carbons, all single- bonded ... -solid at room te…
String of carbons with at least one double bond (note- at the…
Triglyceride
The chemical form of fat in food and body fat ( consists of g…
What percentage of total calories does…
35% of total calories
25 terms
Chapter 5 Fat and Lipids
Lipids
Fats
Oils
Triglycerides
Compounds that contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen. They are hyd…
Solid at room temperature
liquid at room temperature
Predominate form in foods and in the body... *Saturated, unsatur…
Lipids
Compounds that contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen. They are hyd…
Fats
Solid at room temperature
12 terms
Chapter 5- Fat quiz
The major dietary source of lipids are…
Dietary fats are absorbed into the bod…
Which of the following is true for exe…
Which of the following statements best…
D. triglycerides.
B. Lipids are hydrolyzed into fatty acids, glycerol, choleste…
D. All of the answers are correct.
D. Current scientific literature does not support the notion…
The major dietary source of lipids are…
D. triglycerides.
Dietary fats are absorbed into the bod…
B. Lipids are hydrolyzed into fatty acids, glycerol, choleste…
15 terms
Chapter 5 Lipid/Fat
What is glycemic index?
Fiber has a ______ glycemic index?
Relative fat use at low intensity (rel…
Chylomicrons travel to the heart
how fast a carb source gets into blood
zero, does not get absorbed
Fuel is coming from fat 80%
When do you have chylomicrons? after eating a meal with fat
What is glycemic index?
how fast a carb source gets into blood
Fiber has a ______ glycemic index?
zero, does not get absorbed
24 terms
Chapter 5: Fats
emulsifer
essential fatty acids (EFAs)
adipose tissue
triglyceride
a substance that works by being soluble in water and fat at t…
components of fat triglycerides are polyunsaturated fatty aci…
the storage depot of body fat
a compound consisting of three fatty acids and one glycerol m…
emulsifer
a substance that works by being soluble in water and fat at t…
essential fatty acids (EFAs)
components of fat triglycerides are polyunsaturated fatty aci…
48 terms
Chapter 5: Fats
3 types of fats
Food function of Triglycerides (TG)
Physiological functions of Tryglycerid…
Function of Steroles
triglycerides, sterol, and phospholipids
source of energy, palatability, Satiety and Satiation, Food P…
energy store, organ protection, Temperature Regulation, Insul…
(making bile, sex hormones, vitamin D, and neural cell) and p…
3 types of fats
triglycerides, sterol, and phospholipids
Food function of Triglycerides (TG)
source of energy, palatability, Satiety and Satiation, Food P…
13 terms
Nutrition Chapter 5 Fats
lipids
hydrophobic
fatty acid
saturated fatty acid
a category of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen compounds that are…
having an aversion to water
the basic unit of triglycerides and phospholipids
a fatty acid that has all of its carbons bound with hydrogen
lipids
a category of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen compounds that are…
hydrophobic
having an aversion to water
130 terms
Exercise Nutrition - CHAPTER 5 FAT
adipokines
alpha-linolenic acid
angina
apolipoprotein
substances released from adipose cells that function as hormo…
an omega-3 fatty acid considered to be an essential nutrient.
the pain experienced under the breastbone or in other areas o…
A class of proteins associated with the formulation of lipopr…
adipokines
substances released from adipose cells that function as hormo…
alpha-linolenic acid
an omega-3 fatty acid considered to be an essential nutrient.
157 terms
chapter 5 (fats)
triglycerides
fatty acids
saturated or unsaturated
saturated
95% of all lipids in foods and us
triglycerides are made of _____ _____
fatty acids can either be _______ or _________
hydrogenated oils and trans fatty acids are in this group of…
triglycerides
95% of all lipids in foods and us
fatty acids
triglycerides are made of _____ _____
115 terms
Nutrition 10: Chapter 5- Fat
What is the basic unit of fat?
What two different components make up…
What are the 2 categories of fatty aci…
How many carbons does glycerol have?
Triglycerides
1 Glycerol... 3 Fatty Acids
Saturated ... Unsaturated
3
What is the basic unit of fat?
Triglycerides
What two different components make up…
1 Glycerol... 3 Fatty Acids
8 terms
revised, Chapter 5: Fats
The nutrient that provides the densest…
If a patient receiving fat-free parent…
If a client wants to lose 1 lb of body…
The number of kcals provided by 23 g o…
A
B
B
C
The nutrient that provides the densest…
A
If a patient receiving fat-free parent…
B
15 terms
Nutrition 240 Chapter 5: Fat
What are the 3 classes of fat
What are triglycerides composed of?
What are phospholipids composed of?
What's the difference chemically betwe…
Sterols, Phospholipids, Triglycerides
-Three fatty acid molecues... -One glycerol molecule
-Glycerol backbone... -Two fatty acids... -Phosphate
At least 1 double bond... -Saturated fatty acids- no double bond…
What are the 3 classes of fat
Sterols, Phospholipids, Triglycerides
What are triglycerides composed of?
-Three fatty acid molecues... -One glycerol molecule
76 terms
Nutrition: Chapter 5 FATS
Since the 1970's consumption of fat ga…
physical health
Intellectual health
emotional health
1970's view on fat (pg. 85)
maintained by consuming dietary fats necessary for essential…
encompasses skills necessary to assess the type of dietary fa…
how we emotionally approach the nutrition lifestyle changes
Since the 1970's consumption of fat ga…
1970's view on fat (pg. 85)
physical health
maintained by consuming dietary fats necessary for essential…
80 terms
NUT 10 Chapter 5 -- Fat
What amount of calories do Americans g…
How many calories per gram in fat?
What regulatory roles is fat involved…
What structural role does fat play?
1/3
9cal/g
Hormones -- sex hormones testosterone & estrogen are made fro…
surrounds & cushions organs; component of cell membranes
What amount of calories do Americans g…
1/3
How many calories per gram in fat?
9cal/g
60 terms
Chapter 5 The Lipids: Fats and Oils
Functions of Fat in the body
Functions of Fat in Foods
A pound of body fat is worth 3500 calo…
Fatty Acid
-Provide a concentrated source of energy to fuel the body's w…
-Provides calories... -provide satiety... -carry fat-soluble vitami…
...
basic units of fat composed of chains of carbon atoms with an…
Functions of Fat in the body
-Provide a concentrated source of energy to fuel the body's w…
Functions of Fat in Foods
-Provides calories... -provide satiety... -carry fat-soluble vitami…
37 terms
Chapter 5 - Fats
Alpha-linollenic Acid (ALA)
Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs)
Very-low-density Lipoprotein (VLDL)
Linoleic Acid
An essential fatty acid found in leafy green vegetables, flax…
Fatty acids that must be consumed in the diet because they ca…
A lipoprotein made in the liver and intestine that functions…
An essential fatty acid found in vegetable and nut oils; one…
Alpha-linollenic Acid (ALA)
An essential fatty acid found in leafy green vegetables, flax…
Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs)
Fatty acids that must be consumed in the diet because they ca…
36 terms
Chapter 5: Fats Lipids
Lipids Functions in Body
Lipids
Triglycerides
Three types of lipids found in foods a…
• Energy Storage [Fat Cells / Adipose Tissue]... • Serves as Ins…
category of predominately hydrophobic (fear of water) compoun…
Fat and oil are the common names often used to refer to this…
• Triglycerides (fats/oils), phospholipids, and sterols
Lipids Functions in Body
• Energy Storage [Fat Cells / Adipose Tissue]... • Serves as Ins…
Lipids
category of predominately hydrophobic (fear of water) compoun…
Chapter 5 Fats
lipids
triglycerides
fatty acids
glycerol
A diverse group of organic substances that are insoluble in w…
A molecule consisting of three fatty acids attached to a thre…
Long chains of carbon atoms bound to each other as well as to…
An alcohol composed of three carbon atoms; it is the backbone…
lipids
A diverse group of organic substances that are insoluble in w…
triglycerides
A molecule consisting of three fatty acids attached to a thre…
22 terms
Chapter 5: Fats/Lipids
Lipids
Fats
Oils
Adipose tissue
Organic compounds that dont dissolve in water
Lipids solid at room temp
Lipids liquid at room temp
Fat under our skin and around organs
Lipids
Organic compounds that dont dissolve in water
Fats
Lipids solid at room temp
26 terms
Chapter 5 - Fats
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
Sterol
Saturated Fats
Glycerol and 3 fatty acid groups. Main constitutes of fats an…
Glycerol backbone and phosphate head. Important in cellular m…
Multi-ringed structure (no calories). Not water soluble, only…
Fats that are solid at room temperature (exception is milk).…
Triglyceride
Glycerol and 3 fatty acid groups. Main constitutes of fats an…
Phospholipid
Glycerol backbone and phosphate head. Important in cellular m…
24 terms
Chapter 5 Fats
Lipids
Triglyceride
Fatty acids
Glycerol
A diverse group of organic substances that are insoluble in w…
A molecule consisiting of three fatty acids attached to a thr…
Long chains of carbon atoms bound to each other as well as to…
An alcohol composed of three carbon atoms; it is the backbone…
Lipids
A diverse group of organic substances that are insoluble in w…
Triglyceride
A molecule consisiting of three fatty acids attached to a thr…
18 terms
Nutrition chapter 5 FATS
Lipids
Triglycerides
Fatty acids
Saturation
Diverse group of organic substances, insoluabke in water (do…
Molecule consisting of 3 fatty acids attached to a thee carbo…
Short fatty acids are what bacteria in the gut can produce. L…
More than one = poly saturated
Lipids
Diverse group of organic substances, insoluabke in water (do…
Triglycerides
Molecule consisting of 3 fatty acids attached to a thee carbo…
26 terms
Chapter 5- Fats
Fat
3 classifacations of lipids
Triglyceride
Emulsifier
Densest form of stored energy in food and our bodies. Can pro…
Triglycerides (fats), Phospholipids, sterols (fat- related)
Largest class, in fats or oils, 95% of lipids, 3 fatty acids…
Substance that works by being soluble in water and fat
Fat
Densest form of stored energy in food and our bodies. Can pro…
3 classifacations of lipids
Triglycerides (fats), Phospholipids, sterols (fat- related)
11 terms
Nutrition Chapter 5 Fats
Cholecystokinin (CCK)
Pancreatic and intestinal lipase
chylomicrons
LDL
signals the gallbladder to release bile which emulsifies fat
breaks down emulsified fat (triglycerides) to monoglycerides,…
reassembled triclycerides in the small intestine are packed i…
made of 50% cholesterol ... deliver triglycerides, cholesterol,…
Cholecystokinin (CCK)
signals the gallbladder to release bile which emulsifies fat
Pancreatic and intestinal lipase
breaks down emulsified fat (triglycerides) to monoglycerides,…
38 terms
Chapter 5: Fats
High density lipoprotein (HDL)
Essential fatty acids (EFA)
Alpha-lionleic acid (ALA)
Hydrogenation
A lipoprotein made in the liver and released into the blood.…
Fatty acids that must be consumed in the diet because they ca…
An essential fatty acid found in leafy green vegetables, flax…
The process of adding hydrogen to unsaturated fatty acids, ma…
High density lipoprotein (HDL)
A lipoprotein made in the liver and released into the blood.…
Essential fatty acids (EFA)
Fatty acids that must be consumed in the diet because they ca…
37 terms
Chapter 5 Fats
Emulsifier
Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs)
EFA Deficiencies Have Been Noted In...
Adipose Tissue
Substance that works by being soluble in water and fat at the…
Are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that cannot be made i…
(1) older patients with peripheral vascular disease (a potent…
The storage depot of body fat, could produce about 3500 kcal…
Emulsifier
Substance that works by being soluble in water and fat at the…
Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs)
Are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that cannot be made i…
12 terms
Nutrition Chapter 5: Fats
triglycerrides
saturated fats
unsaturated fats
MUFA
function: storage in fat cells and transportation of fatty ac…
-no double bonds... -harder at room temperature... -sources: meats,…
-consists of MUFA's and PUFA's
-contains one double and and lowers blood cholesterol... -source…
triglycerrides
function: storage in fat cells and transportation of fatty ac…
saturated fats
-no double bonds... -harder at room temperature... -sources: meats,…
63 terms
Chapter 5: Fats
Types of lipids:
Fats (solid) and oils (liquid) has __…
Compound elements in fats:
AMDR of fats is ____-____%
Triglycerides... Phospholipids... Sterols (Cholesterol)
9
Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen
20-35
Types of lipids:
Triglycerides... Phospholipids... Sterols (Cholesterol)
Fats (solid) and oils (liquid) has __…
9
57 terms
Chapter 5 - Fats
What are the food functions of fats?
Why does fat slow down digestion?
What is satiety?
What is satiation?
• source of energy... • Palatability... • satiety and satiation... • f…
The word "shrub" is derived from the Arabic sharbah, which me…
feeling full and satisfied
another, different aspect of fat consumption that occurs duri…
What are the food functions of fats?
• source of energy... • Palatability... • satiety and satiation... • f…
Why does fat slow down digestion?
The word "shrub" is derived from the Arabic sharbah, which me…
34 terms
Chapter 5 fats
lipids
fats
oils
triglycerides
compounds that include triglycerides (fats and oils) phosphol…
lipids in food or the body, both of which are composed mostly…
liquid fats
chief form of fat in the diet
lipids
compounds that include triglycerides (fats and oils) phosphol…
fats
lipids in food or the body, both of which are composed mostly…
18 terms
Chapter 5: Fats
Triglycerides
Satiety
Satiation
Phospholipids and Sterols
in terms of energy these are the densest form of fats, the he…
we feel full and satisfied
occurs during not after, tends to increase the desire to eat…
these are part of all cell membrane structures and like trigl…
Triglycerides
in terms of energy these are the densest form of fats, the he…
Satiety
we feel full and satisfied
43 terms
Chapter 5:Fats
triglycerides
Fatty Acids (FA)
unsaturated
saturated
-storage form of fat in body (from food)... - 1glycerol + 3 FA (…
-organic acid chain of carbon with hydrogen attached... -methyl…
-missing hydrogens... -double bonds btw. carbons... -monounsaturate…
-fully loaded with hydrogens... -single bond btw. carbons... - no d…
triglycerides
-storage form of fat in body (from food)... - 1glycerol + 3 FA (…
Fatty Acids (FA)
-organic acid chain of carbon with hydrogen attached... -methyl…
24 terms
Chapter 5: Fats
emulsifier
essential fatty acids
adipose tissue
triglyceride
a substance that works by being soluble in water and fat at t…
polyunsaturated fatty acid that cannot be made in the body an…
stored form of fat (mainly triglycerides) in the body
the largest class of lipids found in food and body fat; compo…
emulsifier
a substance that works by being soluble in water and fat at t…
essential fatty acids
polyunsaturated fatty acid that cannot be made in the body an…
46 terms
Chapter 5 Fats
percentage of fat that is triglycerides
fat function
vitamins that are soluble in fat
triglycerides
95%
chief storage form for energy of excess calories... provides ene…
A D E K
glycerol backbone and 3 fatty acids formed via a series of co…
percentage of fat that is triglycerides
95%
fat function
chief storage form for energy of excess calories... provides ene…
23 terms
Chapter 5 fats
The number of calories in 1 pound of b…
3 classifications
2 Food Functions of Triglycerides
4 Physiologic Functions of Triglycerides
3,500
1.Triglycerides ... 2.Phospholipids... 3.Sterols
1.source of energy... 2.Palatability
1.stored energy ... 2.organ protection... 3.Temperature regulator-I…
The number of calories in 1 pound of b…
3,500
3 classifications
1.Triglycerides ... 2.Phospholipids... 3.Sterols
25 terms
Chapter 5: fats
Emulsifier
Essential fatty acids
Adipose tissue
Triglycerides
A substance that works by being soluble in water and fat at t…
Components of fat triglycerides, are polyunsaturated fatty ac…
The storage depot of body fat, could produce about 3500 kcals…
Compound consisting of three fatty acid and one glycerol mole…
Emulsifier
A substance that works by being soluble in water and fat at t…
Essential fatty acids
Components of fat triglycerides, are polyunsaturated fatty ac…
76 terms
Chapter 5- Fats/Lipids
Lipids
Triglycerides (95%), phospholipids, an…
Triglycerides
Fatty Acids
diverse class of molecules that are insoluble in water
Three Types of Lipids (found in foods)
composed of 3 fatty acid molecules and one glycerol molecule
long chains of carbon atoms surrounded by hydrogen atoms
Lipids
diverse class of molecules that are insoluble in water
Triglycerides (95%), phospholipids, an…
Three Types of Lipids (found in foods)
44 terms
Chapter 5 Lipids( Fats)
triglyceride
glycerol
phospholipid
sterol
the major form of lipid in the body and in food. It is compos…
a three carbon alcohol used to form triglycerides
any of a clss of fat-related substances that contain phosphon…
a compound contianing a multi-ring structure and a hydroxly g…
triglyceride
the major form of lipid in the body and in food. It is compos…
glycerol
a three carbon alcohol used to form triglycerides
21 terms
Chapter 5: FATS
The acceptable macronutrient distribut…
How many kal/gram does FAT have?
chemical elements of fat
Triglyceride
20-35%
9
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
the most common type of fat/ contains glycerol backbone and 3…
The acceptable macronutrient distribut…
20-35%
How many kal/gram does FAT have?
9
23 terms
Chapter 5: Fats
Satiety
Satiation
Emulsifier
EFAs- Essential Fatty Acids
fat prevents hunger between meals; slows down digestion becau…
an increased desire to eat more fatty foods
soluable in fat and water at the same time
must be consumed in diet; if deficient, lesions and eczema, m…
Satiety
fat prevents hunger between meals; slows down digestion becau…
Satiation
an increased desire to eat more fatty foods
23 terms
Nutrition Chapter 5 - Fats
Bile
Liver gallbladder
Vitamin D
Single
Emulsifies (converts substance to a form that is no further s…
Bile is formed in the ________ and stored in the ___________
________ _ is a precursor to bile acid
Saturated fat's degree of saturation has a ______ carbon bond
Bile
Emulsifies (converts substance to a form that is no further s…
Liver gallbladder
Bile is formed in the ________ and stored in the ___________
Chapter 5: Fats
Roles of Fat
Kcal/g in Fat
Triglycerides (fats and oils)
Saturated
-fat soluble vitamins... -flavor and texture for foods... -feeling…
9 kcal/g
glycerol and fatty acid
solid at room temp, stacks easily, single bonds only
Roles of Fat
-fat soluble vitamins... -flavor and texture for foods... -feeling…
Kcal/g in Fat
9 kcal/g
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