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Study sets matching "final exam biological psychology kalat neuroscience"

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Study sets matching "final exam biological psychology kalat neuroscience"

296 terms
Kalat Biological Psychology
Aphasia
Broca's Area
Broca's Aphasia (Nonfluent Aphasia)
Wernicke's Area
Severe language impairment
A part of the frontal lobe of the left cerebral cortex near t…
Serious impairment of language production, comprehension defi…
Located near the auditory part of the cerebral cortex
Aphasia
Severe language impairment
Broca's Area
A part of the frontal lobe of the left cerebral cortex near t…
52 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 2
neurons
membrane
mitochondrion
nucleus
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
structure that performs metabolic activities
structure that contains the chromosomes
neurons
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
membrane
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
87 terms
Biological Psychology, Kalat
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic NS
Autonomic NS
Brain & Spinal Cord
Nerves anywhere outside of the CNS... -Somatic ... -Autonomic
(Conscious) Nerves that convey messages from sensory organs
(Unconscious, i.e. dilating pupils) Neurons controlling heart…
Central Nervous System
Brain & Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerves anywhere outside of the CNS... -Somatic ... -Autonomic
296 terms
Kalat Biological Psychology
Aphasia
Broca's Area
Broca's Aphasia (Nonfluent Aphasia)
Wernicke's Area
Severe language impairment
A part of the frontal lobe of the left cerebral cortex near t…
Serious impairment of language production, comprehension defi…
Located near the auditory part of the cerebral cortex
Aphasia
Severe language impairment
Broca's Area
A part of the frontal lobe of the left cerebral cortex near t…
52 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 2
neurons
membrane
mitochondrion
nucleus
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
structure that performs metabolic activities
structure that contains the chromosomes
neurons
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
membrane
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
27 terms
Biological Psychology(Kalat)
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Somatic Nervous System (PNS)
Autonomic Nervous System (PNS)
consists of the spinal cord and brain ; integrating all infor…
consists of nerves outside brain and spinal cord; nerves comi…
consists of axons conveying messages from sense organs to CNS…
controls heart, intestines, and other organs-things that we h…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
consists of the spinal cord and brain ; integrating all infor…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
consists of nerves outside brain and spinal cord; nerves comi…
55 terms
Biological Psychology (Kalat) Chapter 2
Active Transportation
Afferent Axon
Astrocytes
Axon
Protein mediated process that expends energy to pump chemical…
Axons that bring information TO a neuron. (Afferent= Admission)
star shaped glia cell that holds together groups of presynapt…
single, thin fiber that connects the dendrites to the presyna…
Active Transportation
Protein mediated process that expends energy to pump chemical…
Afferent Axon
Axons that bring information TO a neuron. (Afferent= Admission)
52 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 2
neurons
membrane
mitochondrion
nucleus
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
structure that performs metabolic activities
structure that contains the chromosomes
neurons
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
membrane
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
29 terms
Kalat Biological Psychology Chapter 12
5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Antibodies
Antigens
serotonin's main metabolite
chemical released from the anterior pituitary gland, which en…
Y-shaped proteins that attach to particular kinds of antigens
surface proteins on a cell that identify the cell as your own
5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)
serotonin's main metabolite
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
chemical released from the anterior pituitary gland, which en…
44 terms
Biological Psychology Kalat CH 9
endogenous circannual rhythms
endogenous circadian rhythms
Zeitgeber
phase-delays
internal mechanisms that operate on an annual or yearly cycle…
internal mechanisms that operate in an approximately 24 hour…
stimulus that resets the circadian rhythm n(sunlight, tides,…
traveling west _____ our circadian rhythm
endogenous circannual rhythms
internal mechanisms that operate on an annual or yearly cycle…
endogenous circadian rhythms
internal mechanisms that operate in an approximately 24 hour…
29 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 11
androgens
Mullerian ducts
ovaries
SRY gene
testes-produced hormones that are more abundant in males
precursors to female internal structures
hormone releasing glands
gene that causes the primitive gonads to develop into testes
androgens
testes-produced hormones that are more abundant in males
Mullerian ducts
precursors to female internal structures
26 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 12
James-Lange theory
pure autonomic failure
panic attack
Limbic system
proposal that an event first provokes the autonomic arousal a…
condition when output from the autonomic nervous system to th…
period marked by extreme sympathetic nervous system arousal
interlinked structures that form a border around the brainstem
James-Lange theory
proposal that an event first provokes the autonomic arousal a…
pure autonomic failure
condition when output from the autonomic nervous system to th…
48 terms
Kalat Biological Psychology ch 13
Alzheimer's disease
Amnesia
AMPA receptor
Amyloid-b
condition characterized by memory loss, confusion, depression…
memory loss
a glutamate receptor that can respond to a-amino-3-hydrozy-5-…
a protein that accumulates to higher than normal levels in th…
Alzheimer's disease
condition characterized by memory loss, confusion, depression…
Amnesia
memory loss
71 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 4
neuroanatomy
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
somatic nervous system
the anatomy of the nervous system
the brain and the spinal cord
nerves outside the brain and spinal cord
part of the PNS that consists of axons conveying messages fro…
neuroanatomy
the anatomy of the nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
the brain and the spinal cord
36 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 15
Major depression
postpartum depression
Ticyclics
Atypical antidepressants
a condition in which people feel sad and helpless every day f…
depression after giving birth
antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of of catecholam…
Miscellaneous group of drugs with antidepressant effects but…
Major depression
a condition in which people feel sad and helpless every day f…
postpartum depression
depression after giving birth
48 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 13
classical conditioning
conditioned response CR)
conditioned stimulus (CS)
instrumental conditioning
type of conditioning produced by the pairing of two stimuli,…
response evoked by a conditioned stimulus after it has been p…
stimulus that evokes a particular response only after it has…
(Operant conditioning) a type of condition in which reinforce…
classical conditioning
type of conditioning produced by the pairing of two stimuli,…
conditioned response CR)
response evoked by a conditioned stimulus after it has been p…
22 terms
Biological Psychology Kalat Chapter 3
Synapse
Temporal Summation
Spatial Summation
Presynaptic Neuron
specialized gap that existed between neurons.
repeated stimuli can have a cumulative effect and can produce…
synaptic input from several locations can have a cumulative e…
the neuron that delivers the synaptic transmission
Synapse
specialized gap that existed between neurons.
Temporal Summation
repeated stimuli can have a cumulative effect and can produce…
55 terms
Biological Psychology (Kalat) Chapter 2
Active Transportation
Afferent Axon
Astrocytes
Axon
Protein mediated process that expends energy to pump chemical…
Axons that bring information TO a neuron. (Afferent= Admission)
star shaped glia cell that holds together groups of presynapt…
single, thin fiber that connects the dendrites to the presyna…
Active Transportation
Protein mediated process that expends energy to pump chemical…
Afferent Axon
Axons that bring information TO a neuron. (Afferent= Admission)
39 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 7
amplitude
frequency
loudness
pinna
the intensity of a sound wave
the number of cycles per second, measured in Hz
perception of the intensity of a sound
the outer ear structure of flesh and cartilage that stick out…
amplitude
the intensity of a sound wave
frequency
the number of cycles per second, measured in Hz
48 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 6
law of specific nerve energies
bipolar cells
blind spot
ganglion cells
statement that whatever excites a particular nerve always sen…
type of neuron in the retina that receives input directly fro…
area at the back of the retina where the optic nerve exists;…
type of neuron in the retina that receives inpit from the bip…
law of specific nerve energies
statement that whatever excites a particular nerve always sen…
bipolar cells
type of neuron in the retina that receives input directly fro…
40 terms
Biological Psychology - Kalat 13.1
Classical Conditioning (Pavlov)
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned Response (UCR)
Pairing two stimuli changes the response to one of them
Initially elicits no response of note (sound)
stimulus that automatically elicits the unconditioned respons…
Response automatically evoked by an unconditioned stimulus (s…
Classical Conditioning (Pavlov)
Pairing two stimuli changes the response to one of them
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
Initially elicits no response of note (sound)
29 terms
Kalat Biological Psychology Chapter 12
5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Antibodies
Antigens
serotonin's main metabolite
chemical released from the anterior pituitary gland, which en…
Y-shaped proteins that attach to particular kinds of antigens
surface proteins on a cell that identify the cell as your own
5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)
serotonin's main metabolite
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
chemical released from the anterior pituitary gland, which en…
25 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 5
proliferation
differentiate
migration
myelination
production of new cells
to develop the axon and dendrites that give a neuron its dist…
movement of brain neurons of glia
process by which glia produce the insulating fatty sheaths th…
proliferation
production of new cells
differentiate
to develop the axon and dendrites that give a neuron its dist…
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 2
neurons
membrane
mitochondrion
nucleus
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
structure that performs metabolic activities
structure that contains the chromosomes
neurons
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
membrane
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
33 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 9
endogenous circadian rhythms
endogenous circannual rhythm
zeitgeber
jet lag
self-generated rhythm that lasts about a day
self-generated rhythm that lasts about a year
stimulus that resets the circadian rhythm
a disruption of circadian rhythms due to crossing time zones
endogenous circadian rhythms
self-generated rhythm that lasts about a day
endogenous circannual rhythm
self-generated rhythm that lasts about a year
50 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 8
antagonistic muscles
cardiac muscles
extensor
flexor
opposing sets of muscles that are required to move a leg or a…
muscles of the heart that have properties intermediate betwee…
muscle that straightens the limb
muscle that flexes the limb
antagonistic muscles
opposing sets of muscles that are required to move a leg or a…
cardiac muscles
muscles of the heart that have properties intermediate betwee…
32 terms
Kalat Biological Psychology ch 14
Anomia
Anterior commissure
Aphasia
Backward masking
difficulty recalling the names of objects
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
language impairment
a brief visual stimulus after another brief visual stimulus t…
Anomia
difficulty recalling the names of objects
Anterior commissure
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
36 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 15
Major depression
postpartum depression
Ticyclics
Atypical antidepressants
a condition in which people feel sad and helpless every day f…
depression after giving birth
antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of of catecholam…
Miscellaneous group of drugs with antidepressant effects but…
Major depression
a condition in which people feel sad and helpless every day f…
postpartum depression
depression after giving birth
43 terms
Biological Psychology Kalat CH 9
endogenous circannual rhythms
endogenous circadian rhythms
Zeitgeber
phase-delays
internal mechanisms that operate on an annual or yearly cycle…
internal mechanisms that operate in an approximately 24 hour…
stimulus that resets the circadian rhythm n(sunlight, tides,…
traveling west _____ our circadian rhythm
endogenous circannual rhythms
internal mechanisms that operate on an annual or yearly cycle…
endogenous circadian rhythms
internal mechanisms that operate in an approximately 24 hour…
34 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 14
corpus callosum
lateralization
visual field
epilepsy
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
divisions of labor between the two brain hemispheres
area of the world that an individual can see at any time
a condition characterized by repeated episodes of excessive s…
corpus callosum
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
lateralization
divisions of labor between the two brain hemispheres
48 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 13
classical conditioning
conditioned response CR)
conditioned stimulus (CS)
instrumental conditioning
type of conditioning produced by the pairing of two stimuli,…
response evoked by a conditioned stimulus after it has been p…
stimulus that evokes a particular response only after it has…
(Operant conditioning) a type of condition in which reinforce…
classical conditioning
type of conditioning produced by the pairing of two stimuli,…
conditioned response CR)
response evoked by a conditioned stimulus after it has been p…
40 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 10
allostasis
homeostasis
negative feedback
set point
the adaptive way in which the body changes its set points dep…
tendency to maintain a variable, such as temperature, within…
homeostatic processes that reduce discrepancies from the set…
a value that the body works to maintain
allostasis
the adaptive way in which the body changes its set points dep…
homeostasis
tendency to maintain a variable, such as temperature, within…
34 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 1
Biological psychology
hard problem
mind-brain problem
Evolutionary explanation
the study of the physiological, evolutionary, and development…
philosophical question as to why and how brain activity becom…
question about the relationship between mental experience and…
understanding in terms of the evolutionary history of a struc…
Biological psychology
the study of the physiological, evolutionary, and development…
hard problem
philosophical question as to why and how brain activity becom…
71 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 4
neuroanatomy
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
somatic nervous system
the anatomy of the nervous system
the brain and the spinal cord
nerves outside the brain and spinal cord
part of the PNS that consists of axons conveying messages fro…
neuroanatomy
the anatomy of the nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
the brain and the spinal cord
53 terms
Biological psychology Kalat chapter 2
neuron
membrane
nuceus
mitochondria
nervous system cell that receives and transmits information
surface of a cell; separates inside of the cell from the outs…
contains chromosomes
metabolic activities (Metabolic Mitochondria) provides energy
neuron
nervous system cell that receives and transmits information
membrane
surface of a cell; separates inside of the cell from the outs…
Biological Psychology Chp. 13 Kalat
Alzheimer's disease
Amnesia
AMPA receptor
Amyloid-b
condition characterized by memory loss, confusion, depression…
memory loss
a glutamate receptor that can respond to a-amino-3-hydrozy-5-…
a protein that accumulates to higher than normal levels in th…
Alzheimer's disease
condition characterized by memory loss, confusion, depression…
Amnesia
memory loss
71 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 3
reflex arc
reflexes
synapse
excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP)
a circuit from sensory neuron to muscle
automatic muscular responses to stimuli
a specialized gap as a point of communication between two neu…
graded depolarization
reflex arc
a circuit from sensory neuron to muscle
reflexes
automatic muscular responses to stimuli
52 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 2
neurons
membrane
mitochondrion
nucleus
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
structure that performs metabolic activities
structure that contains the chromosomes
neurons
cells that receive information and transmit it to other cells
membrane
structure that separates the cell from the outside environment
66 terms
Kalat Biological Psychology ch 13
condition characterized by memory loss…
memory loss
glutamate receptor that can respond to…
a protein that accumulates to higher t…
Alzheimer's disease
Amnesia
AMPA receptor
Amyloid-b
condition characterized by memory loss…
Alzheimer's disease
memory loss
Amnesia
37 terms
Chapter 1 Biological Psychology Kalat
hard problem
mind-body problem
Biological explanations of behavior (4…
physiological explanation
Given a universe of matter & energy, why is there such a thin…
What is the relationship between mental experience and brain…
physiological, ontogenetic, evolutionary, functional
relates a behavior to activity of the brain & other organs
hard problem
Given a universe of matter & energy, why is there such a thin…
mind-body problem
What is the relationship between mental experience and brain…
36 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 15
Major depression
Tricyclics
Atypical antidepressants
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
a condition in which people feel sad and helpless every day f…
antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of of catecholam…
Miscellaneous group of drugs with antidepressant effects but…
drugs that block the enzyme monoamine oxidase, a presynaptic…
Major depression
a condition in which people feel sad and helpless every day f…
Tricyclics
antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of of catecholam…
37 terms
Chapter 1 Biological Psychology Kalat
hard problem
mind-body problem
Biological explanations of behavior (4…
physiological explanation
Given a universe of matter & energy, why is there such a thin…
What is the relationship between mental experience and brain…
physiological, ontogenetic, evolutionary, functional
relates a behavior to activity of the brain & other organs
hard problem
Given a universe of matter & energy, why is there such a thin…
mind-body problem
What is the relationship between mental experience and brain…
39 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 7
amplitude
frequency
loudness
pinna
the intensity of a sound wave
the number of cycles per second, measured in Hz
perception of the intensity of a sound
the outer ear structure of flesh and cartilage that stick out…
amplitude
the intensity of a sound wave
frequency
the number of cycles per second, measured in Hz
30 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 13
long-term memory
short-term memory
consolidation
delayed response task
long lasting; declarative and procedural memories; large capa…
memory of events that have just occurred
to strengthen a memory and make it more long-lasting
assignment in which an animal must respond on the basis of a…
long-term memory
long lasting; declarative and procedural memories; large capa…
short-term memory
memory of events that have just occurred
50 terms
Biological psychology Kalat - chapter 4
Central nervous system(CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Somatic nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
The brain and the spinal cord.
Connects the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body.
Part of the PNS, which consists of the axons conveying messag…
Another part of the PNS, controls the heart, intestines, and…
Central nervous system(CNS)
The brain and the spinal cord.
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Connects the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body.
26 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 12
James-Lange theory
pure autonomic failure
panic attack
Limbic system
proposal that an event first provokes the autonomic arousal a…
condition when output from the autonomic nervous system to th…
period marked by extreme sympathetic nervous system arousal
interlinked structures that form a border around the brainstem
James-Lange theory
proposal that an event first provokes the autonomic arousal a…
pure autonomic failure
condition when output from the autonomic nervous system to th…
71 terms
Kalat: Biological Psychology Chapter 3
reflex arc
reflexes
synapse
excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP)
a circuit from sensory neuron to muscle
automatic muscular responses to stimuli
a specialized gap as a point of communication between two neu…
graded depolarization
reflex arc
a circuit from sensory neuron to muscle
reflexes
automatic muscular responses to stimuli
28 terms
Kalat Biological Psychology Review Ch 6
According to the law of specific nerve…
In the human retina, messages go from…
Light from the right half of the world…
In what order does visual information…
Which neurons are active
Bipolar cells
The left half
-Receptor cells, ... -Bipolar cells, ... -Ganglion cells
According to the law of specific nerve…
Which neurons are active
In the human retina, messages go from…
Bipolar cells
58 terms
Kalat Biological Psychology Review Ch 8
Smooth Muscles
Skeletal, ... or ... Striated Muscles
Cardiac Muscles
Myocytes
Control the Digestive System and other organs
Control movement of the body in relation to the Environment
Have properties intermediate between those of ... -Smooth ... and…
Muscles are composed of many individual fibers
Smooth Muscles
Control the Digestive System and other organs
Skeletal, ... or ... Striated Muscles
Control movement of the body in relation to the Environment
Biological Psychology Chp. 14 kalat
Anomia
Anterior commissure
Aphasia
Backward masking
difficulty recalling the names of objects
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
language impairment
a brief visual stimulus after another brief visual stimulus t…
Anomia
difficulty recalling the names of objects
Anterior commissure
bundle of axons that connects the two hemispheres of the cere…
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