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Study sets matching "final exam chemistry physics"

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Study sets matching "final exam chemistry physics"

13 terms
Chemistry & Physics Lesson 1
matter
properties
H20
Chemistry & Physics
Anything that has volume and mass
Special features, traits, or attributes of materials found in…
Chemical formula for water
The studies of matter and energy
matter
Anything that has volume and mass
properties
Special features, traits, or attributes of materials found in…
12 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 9
infrasound
timbre
ultrasound
sonic boom
A sound too low pitched for our ears to hear
A sound's quality
A sound that is too high pitched for our ears to hear
The sound coming from an object traveling faster than the spe…
infrasound
A sound too low pitched for our ears to hear
timbre
A sound's quality
14 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 13
paramagnetic
magnetite
motor effect
ferromagnetic
What we call substances that are slightly attracted by a magn…
A black rock made up of iron and oxygen
What happens when the magnetic field of a magnet causes a wir…
What we call metals that are strongly attracted to magnetite
paramagnetic
What we call substances that are slightly attracted by a magn…
magnetite
A black rock made up of iron and oxygen
7 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 6
Newton's First Law of Motion
acceleration
Newton's Third Law of Motion
Newton's Second Law of Motion
The law that says something at rest or in motion in a straigh…
The change in speed and direction something is going
The law that says for every action, there's an equal and oppo…
The law that says force causes an object to change speed or d…
Newton's First Law of Motion
The law that says something at rest or in motion in a straigh…
acceleration
The change in speed and direction something is going
24 terms
Chemistry & Physics Lesson 3
covalent bond
ion
naturally occurring elements
synthetic elements
Sharing valence electrons - sharing a bond.
An atom that doesn't have the normal number of electrons.
Elements found in nature and made by God.
Man-made elements.
covalent bond
Sharing valence electrons - sharing a bond.
ion
An atom that doesn't have the normal number of electrons.
15 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 10
electromagnetic energy
incandescent light
light emitting diode
refraction
Energy that travels through space and reaches us as heat, lig…
Light created with a glowing filament
A popular type of light made from a semiconductor
The bending of light
electromagnetic energy
Energy that travels through space and reaches us as heat, lig…
incandescent light
Light created with a glowing filament
15 terms
Chemistry & Physics Lesson 4
crystal
gemstones
polymer
acid
Solids that have formed into geometric shapes
Valuable crystals
Molecules arranged in long chains of lots and lots of repeati…
Tastes sour, conducts electricity, ruins metals, and donates…
crystal
Solids that have formed into geometric shapes
gemstones
Valuable crystals
15 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 8
solar energy
oil reservoirs
coal
potential energy
A source of energy from the sun
Lakes of oil deep in the earth produced by fossils
An energy source made up of dead plants that turned into carbon
Stored energy waiting to be used
solar energy
A source of energy from the sun
oil reservoirs
Lakes of oil deep in the earth produced by fossils
13 terms
Chemistry & Physics Lesson 2
boiling point
solid
condensation point
liquid
The temperature that makes something change from a liquid to…
A state of matter where atoms are frozen... in place.
When gas becomes a liquid.
A state of matter made up of atoms that are... bound together bu…
boiling point
The temperature that makes something change from a liquid to…
solid
A state of matter where atoms are frozen... in place.
11 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 7
cohesion
traction
centripetal force
gravity
When a material can stick to itself
The friction between two objects that keeps them from sliding…
A force that acts on a body moving in a circular path and is…
A force that attracts everything toward the center of the earth
cohesion
When a material can stick to itself
traction
The friction between two objects that keeps them from sliding…
15 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 12
series circuit
load
switches
electric current
A circuit that has more than one resistor, with the electrici…
The object being turned on with an electric current
Devices used to open and close circuits
A flow of electricity through a conductor
series circuit
A circuit that has more than one resistor, with the electrici…
load
The object being turned on with an electric current
16 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 14
machine
gear
lever
pulley
Any device that changes the amount of force you have to use t…
A wheel with teeth along its edge
A bar that goes up and down over a point
A simple machine that lets you pull down a rope, chain, or wi…
machine
Any device that changes the amount of force you have to use t…
gear
A wheel with teeth along its edge
14 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 5
nonpolar molecule
Tyndalle effect
colloid
solvent
A molecule without charges or poles
When light is scattered by the particles in a colloid
A beam of light can easily be seen through this mixture that…
The substance in a mixture that does the dissolving
nonpolar molecule
A molecule without charges or poles
Tyndalle effect
When light is scattered by the particles in a colloid
12 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 11
thermal energy
conduction
Kelvin
Thermodynamics
Heat energy we receive from the sun
Warming that occurs when the heat source and the heat sink ar…
A scale used to measure the hottest and coldest temperature a…
The study of thermal energy
thermal energy
Heat energy we receive from the sun
conduction
Warming that occurs when the heat source and the heat sink ar…
21 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 3
anion
neutrons
compound
cation
An atom that has gained electrons; it's negatively charged
The neutrally charged particles in an atom
Contains at least two different elements combined
An atom that has lost electrons; it's positively charged
anion
An atom that has gained electrons; it's negatively charged
neutrons
The neutrally charged particles in an atom
14 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 4
catalyst
physical reaction
chemical reaction
acid
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being…
A reaction that doesn't change the molecules of a substance b…
When two or more chemical substances interact with each other…
A substance that tastes sour, conducts electricity, ruins met…
catalyst
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being…
physical reaction
A reaction that doesn't change the molecules of a substance b…
294 terms
Physics and Chemistry
Vapor Pressures at 20 °C
Is vapor pressure a function of volume…
If isoflurane is added to a flask of o…
If enflurane is added to a flask of ox…
Vapor Pressures at 20 °C... Sevoflurane, 170 mmHg... Enflurane, 172…
Vapor pressure is a function of temperature. Caution: even th…
The flash of oxygen was 100% O₂. ... pO₂ = 760 mmHg... The vapor pr…
23% enflurane and 77 % oxygen;
Vapor Pressures at 20 °C
Vapor Pressures at 20 °C... Sevoflurane, 170 mmHg... Enflurane, 172…
Is vapor pressure a function of volume…
Vapor pressure is a function of temperature. Caution: even th…
26 terms
Chemistry & Physics: Lesson 5
mixture
heterogenous
homogenous
suspension
2 or more substances that have been combined
a mixture that you can see the different substances in the mi…
a mixture that is so well mixed that it looks the same
a mixture where larger particles are mixed into smaller parti…
mixture
2 or more substances that have been combined
heterogenous
a mixture that you can see the different substances in the mi…
13 terms
Chemistry&Physics:Lesson 1
Chemistry
Physics
Matter
Energy
study of matter
study of energy
anything takes up space
what makes everything in the world work, move, and do things
Chemistry
study of matter
Physics
study of energy
11 terms
Chemistry & Physics: Lesson 2
freezing point
melting point
solid
liquid
the point at which a liquid turns to a solid
the point at which a solid turns to a liquid
anything with a specific shape
substances that are free flow with no particular shape
freezing point
the point at which a liquid turns to a solid
melting point
the point at which a solid turns to a liquid
25 terms
Chemistry & Physics Lesson 5
chromatography
sifting
magnetism
evaporation
Used to separate mixtures as they move across a certain mater…
Used to separate mixtures by sorting out what is useful or va…
Used to separate mixtures that have highly magnetic metals.
Occurs when a liquid turns into a gas.
chromatography
Used to separate mixtures as they move across a certain mater…
sifting
Used to separate mixtures by sorting out what is useful or va…
12 terms
Physics and Chemistry
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Chemical Energy
Potential Energy
Changing the appearance of a substance but not making a new s…
Creating one or more new substances. Ex: Photosynthesis creat…
Energy stored in a substance. Ex: sugar, food, batteries
Energy stored in a substance because of its position. Ex: top…
Physical Change
Changing the appearance of a substance but not making a new s…
Chemical Change
Creating one or more new substances. Ex: Photosynthesis creat…
16 terms
Chemistry & Physics
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Volume
The study of matter and what it does
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measurement of the amount of matter in something. The unit…
A measurement of the amount of space something takes up. The…
Chemistry
The study of matter and what it does
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
47 terms
Chemistry and physics
reducing agent
the more polar = the _____ the boiling…
Low rention time in gas chromatpgrapgh…
High RF is associated with a molecule…
molecule gets oxidized... Ag -----> Ag2S... 0 --------> +1
higher
is volatile and have low BP ... high bps... more carbons equal…
is non polar
reducing agent
molecule gets oxidized... Ag -----> Ag2S... 0 --------> +1
the more polar = the _____ the boiling…
higher
81 terms
Chemistry/Physics
Alpha decay
Beta - decay
Beta + decay
Gamma decay
subtract ⁴₂He
subtract ⁰₋₁e or
+ ⁰⁺₁e (Z-1) aka Positron Emission
brings an excited nucleus to a lower energy state. ... Emits gam…
Alpha decay
subtract ⁴₂He
Beta - decay
subtract ⁰₋₁e or
27 terms
Chemistry & Physics
Catalyst affects only __________ of a…
Only method able to differentiate isom…
D vs L
alpha decay
kinetics, thermodynamics
thin layer chromatography
Chiral carbon farthest from carbonyl carbon (reference carbon…
Gives off 2 protons and 2 neutrons
Catalyst affects only __________ of a…
kinetics, thermodynamics
Only method able to differentiate isom…
thin layer chromatography
130 terms
Physical Chemistry
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Ionic bonding is stronger when..
Dative covalent bond
The electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely char…
A shared pair of electrons
Ions are smaller or have higher charges
The shared pair of electrons in a covalent bond come from onl…
Ionic Bond
The electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely char…
Covalent Bond
A shared pair of electrons
60 terms
Physics and Chemistry Equations
Force
Weight
Work
Potential Energy
F=ma
W=mg
W=fd
PE=mgh
Force
F=ma
Weight
W=mg
Physics and Chemistry
Synthesis
Decomposition
Single Replacement
Double Replacement
The combining of two chemical compounds or elements.
The separation of two chemical compounds or elements.
When an element replaces another element to form a new compou…
When two chemical elements replace each other in thier previo…
Synthesis
The combining of two chemical compounds or elements.
Decomposition
The separation of two chemical compounds or elements.
130 terms
Physical Chemistry
Stoichiometry
Mechanism
Molecularity
Rate law
Numbers of reactant and product molecules
Individual reaction steps that make up an overall reaction
Number of molecules that meet in an individual reaction step
Dependence of reaction rate on concentration
Stoichiometry
Numbers of reactant and product molecules
Mechanism
Individual reaction steps that make up an overall reaction
6 terms
Chemistry/Physics Lesson 6 Mechanics in Motion
mechanics
Newton's first law of motion
force
Newton's second law of motion
the study of motion
the law of inertia: something at rest prefers to stay at rest…
a push or a pull on an object
force is what causes an object to change speed or direction,…
mechanics
the study of motion
Newton's first law of motion
the law of inertia: something at rest prefers to stay at rest…
35 terms
Chemistry and physics
alloy
atomic mass unit
Bunsen burner
chain reaction
alliage
unité de masse atomique
Bec Bunsen
la réaction en chaîne
alloy
alliage
atomic mass unit
unité de masse atomique
34 terms
Physical chemistry
Bond breaking
Bond formation
Exothermic (-∆H)
Endothermic (+∆H)
energy must be supplied to break bonds therefore bond breakin…
energy is released when bonds are formed therefore bond forma…
energy given out to surroundings usually as heat (shown in te…
energy taken in from surroundings usually in form of heat (sh…
Bond breaking
energy must be supplied to break bonds therefore bond breakin…
Bond formation
energy is released when bonds are formed therefore bond forma…
18 terms
Chemistry/Physics Lesson 4 Compound Chemistry
crystal
element
molecule
compound
a compound that has formed into geometric shapes; it is a sol…
a substance made up of only one kind of atom
an atom connected with another atom
a substance made up of two or more different elements combined
crystal
a compound that has formed into geometric shapes; it is a sol…
element
a substance made up of only one kind of atom
18 terms
Physical Chemistry
Mixture
heterogeneous
homogeneous
Solution
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
A mixture that is not well mixed
A mixture that is the same throughout
A mixture that forms when one substance dissolves another.
Mixture
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
heterogeneous
A mixture that is not well mixed
40 terms
IGCSE Chemistry: Physical chemistry
Acid
Base
Alkali
Acidic solution
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydrogen ions.
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydroxide ions.
A base that is soluble in water.
A solution that has a pH of less than 7.
Acid
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydrogen ions.
Base
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydroxide ions.
40 terms
IGCSE Chemistry: Physical chemistry
Acid
Base
Alkali
Acidic solution
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydrogen ions.
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydroxide ions.
A base that is soluble in water.
A solution that has a pH of less than 7.
Acid
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydrogen ions.
Base
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydroxide ions.
36 terms
Chemistry and Physics
Periodic Table
Atomic number
Halogens
Noble gases
A table with 7 rows of elements called periods.
Atomic numbers (Number of protons) for every element
Are the most reactive non-metals.
Are very unreactive.
Periodic Table
A table with 7 rows of elements called periods.
Atomic number
Atomic numbers (Number of protons) for every element
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
enthalpy change
standard conditions
standard enthalpy change
standard enthalpy change of formation
heat tranferred in a reaction at a constant pressure
100 kPa ... 298 K / 25 degree celcius
reaction occurs in the molar quantities shown in the chemical…
when 1 mole of a compound is formed from its elements in thei…
enthalpy change
heat tranferred in a reaction at a constant pressure
standard conditions
100 kPa ... 298 K / 25 degree celcius
14 terms
Apologia Chemistry & Physics, Lesson 3A
compound
valence electrons
nucleus
element
Contains at least two different elements combined
The electrons in the outer shell of an atom
The center of an atom that contains the protons and neutrons
A group of one kind of atom
compound
Contains at least two different elements combined
valence electrons
The electrons in the outer shell of an atom
11 terms
Chemistry and physics
Motion
Measurement
Frame Of Reference
Forces
Motion is the change in the position of an object. When a jog…
In a chemical laboratory, scientists mixing reactants use pre…
An object in motion appears to have different displacements f…
Thrust, lift, drag and weight are four aerodynamic forces tha…
Motion
Motion is the change in the position of an object. When a jog…
Measurement
In a chemical laboratory, scientists mixing reactants use pre…
23 terms
Chemistry & Physics:Lesson 3
atom
Naturally occurring elements
Synthetic elements
molecule
smallest particle of an element that still keeps the properti…
God created elements
man-made elements
2 or more atoms joined together
atom
smallest particle of an element that still keeps the properti…
Naturally occurring elements
God created elements
17 terms
Lesson 5 Chemistry & Physics
Mixture
suspension
colloid
solution
when 2 or more substances have been combined
is a mixture where larger particles are mixed into smaller pa…
the particles are smaller than in suspension, they don't sett…
is made up of one substance that's dissolved into another sub…
Mixture
when 2 or more substances have been combined
suspension
is a mixture where larger particles are mixed into smaller pa…
25 terms
Chemistry/Physics Lesson 5 Multitude of Mixtures
mixture
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
suspension
two or more substances that have been combined
a mixture of different substances that you can see even when…
a mixture of different substances that looks like one substan…
a mixture where larger particles are mixed into smaller parti…
mixture
two or more substances that have been combined
heterogeneous mixture
a mixture of different substances that you can see even when…
40 terms
Physical Chemistry
Acid
Base
Alkali
Acidic solution
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydrogen ions.
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydroxide ions.
A base that is soluble in water.
A solution that has a pH of less than 7.
Acid
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydrogen ions.
Base
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydroxide ions.
16 terms
Chemistry & Physics: Lesson 4
Crystal
Gemstone
4 C's
Polymer
a solid that has a regular repeating arrangement of atoms
more valuable crystals
cut, color, clarity, carat
many repeating parts, long chains of repeating small molecules
Crystal
a solid that has a regular repeating arrangement of atoms
Gemstone
more valuable crystals
19 terms
Exploring creation with chemistry and physics lesson 8
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Energy
The ability of someone or something to do work
Energy in motion
Energy that is stored up waiting to be used
The state when objects are not yet in motion... (Energy that a b…
Energy
The ability of someone or something to do work
Kinetic Energy
Energy in motion
420 terms
Chemistry/Physics
mega
moles
mole fraction
Alpha particle
10^6
mass in grams/molecular weight
moles of substance/moles in solution
note: can be stopped by outer layers of skin
mega
10^6
moles
mass in grams/molecular weight
40 terms
Physical chemistry
Acid
Base
Alkali
Acidic solution
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydrogen ions.
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydroxide ions.
A base that is soluble in water.
A solution that has a pH of less than 7.
Acid
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydrogen ions.
Base
A substance that dissolves in water to produce hydroxide ions.
11 terms
Chemistry & Physics Lesson 7
traction
friction
adhesion
cohesion
Friction between 2 objects that keeps them from sliding acros…
A force that holds back the movement of an object
The sticking together or two different materials
Material sticking to itself
traction
Friction between 2 objects that keeps them from sliding acros…
friction
A force that holds back the movement of an object
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