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Study sets matching "final exam pediatric nursing"

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Study sets matching "final exam pediatric nursing"

694 terms
Pediatric Nursing
eczema
eczema
impetigo
impetigo
atopic dermatitis is another name for what
redness, scaliness, itching, minute papules (firm, elevated,…
impetigo is a contagious bacterial infection of the skin caus…
this can occur because of poor hygiene; it can be a primary i…
eczema
atopic dermatitis is another name for what
eczema
redness, scaliness, itching, minute papules (firm, elevated,…
22 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Newborn VS (first wk)
Young Infant VS (1-6 wks)
Infant VS (1.5 - 6 mo)
Toddler VS (6 mo - 2 yo)
30-60 rr, 100-180 bpm, 50-70 sbp
30-60 rr, 100-160 bpm, 70-95 sbp
25-40 rr, 90-120 bpm, 80-100 sbp
20-34 rr, 90-120 bpm, 80-100 sbp
Newborn VS (first wk)
30-60 rr, 100-180 bpm, 50-70 sbp
Young Infant VS (1-6 wks)
30-60 rr, 100-160 bpm, 70-95 sbp
144 terms
Pediatric Nursing
family apgar score
sensorimotor period
preoperational thought
concrete operations
Brief screening tool that is designed to assess satisfaction…
In Piaget's theory, the period of cognitive development from…
Piaget's second stage of cognitive development, occurring fro…
Piaget's stage in which children learn such concepts as conse…
family apgar score
Brief screening tool that is designed to assess satisfaction…
sensorimotor period
In Piaget's theory, the period of cognitive development from…
144 terms
Pediatric Nursing
family apgar score
sensorimotor period
preoperational thought
concrete operations
Brief screening tool that is designed to assess satisfaction…
In Piaget's theory, the period of cognitive development from…
Piaget's second stage of cognitive development, occurring fro…
Piaget's stage in which children learn such concepts as conse…
family apgar score
Brief screening tool that is designed to assess satisfaction…
sensorimotor period
In Piaget's theory, the period of cognitive development from…
83 terms
PEDIATRIC Nursing
A mother has just given birth to an in…
Which of the following factors will de…
The nurse is helping parents achieve a…
The parent of an infant with colic tel…
ANS: B... It is best to explain in simple terms the nature of th…
ANS: A... Many foods interfere with iron absorption and should b…
ANS: D... The vegetarian diet can be extremely healthy, meeting…
ANS: A... Colic is multifactorial, and no single treatment is ef…
A mother has just given birth to an in…
ANS: B... It is best to explain in simple terms the nature of th…
Which of the following factors will de…
ANS: A... Many foods interfere with iron absorption and should b…
36 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
restlessness, increased respiratory rate, increased pulse rat…
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
pulse 100 - 150... respiratory 25 - 35
pulse 80 - 130... respiratory 20 - 30
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress…
restlessness, increased respiratory rate, increased pulse rat…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
57 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Piaget: Birth -12mo
Piaget: 1-2yrs
Piaget: 3-6 yrs
Piaget: 6-12 yrs
Sensorimotor .
Sensorimotor ..
Preoperational
Concrete Operations
Piaget: Birth -12mo
Sensorimotor .
Piaget: 1-2yrs
Sensorimotor ..
26 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Pediatrics
pediatric nursing
Goal of pediatric nursing
"Well" visits
area of care that deals with children and adolescents
nursing care of children- well,ill, physically challenged and…
Prevention of disease, disorder and diability
most effective method of promoting growth and development of…
Pediatrics
area of care that deals with children and adolescents
pediatric nursing
nursing care of children- well,ill, physically challenged and…
8 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Posterior Fontanel Closes
Anterior Fontanel Close
Social Smile
Turns head to locate sound
8-12 Weeks
12-18 months
2 months
3 months
Posterior Fontanel Closes
8-12 Weeks
Anterior Fontanel Close
12-18 months
19 terms
Pediatric Nursing
atresia
child abuse
crackles
cyanosis
the congenital absence of closure of a body orifice.
the non-accidental physical injury of nonaccidental act of om…
audible high-pitched crackling of popping sounds heard during…
the bluish color that is seen in tissues, nail beds, and muco…
atresia
the congenital absence of closure of a body orifice.
child abuse
the non-accidental physical injury of nonaccidental act of om…
Pediatric Nursing
Atresia
Active immunity
Attenuated vaccines
Inactivated vaccines
Congenital absence of a body orifice.
Long-term antibody mediated immunity resulting from vaccinati…
Vaccines of weakened viruses or microorganisms.
Vaccines made of the components of destroyed viruses.
Atresia
Congenital absence of a body orifice.
Active immunity
Long-term antibody mediated immunity resulting from vaccinati…
60 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Nurses goals
Family centered care
The leading cause of death for childre…
The "New Morbidity" of pediatric socia…
- To promote a therapeutic relationship between parent and ch…
-Allows the child's family to have input (family stays with p…
Accidents (MVA, drowning, fires, burns, poisoning, firearms,…
- Behaivior, social, and educational problems... - Psychosocial…
Nurses goals
- To promote a therapeutic relationship between parent and ch…
Family centered care
-Allows the child's family to have input (family stays with p…
111 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Examples of stress experienced by todd…
Three phases of separation anxiety and…
Nursing interventions to reduce separa…
Example of a coping strategy found amo…
1. separation anxiety from parents, grief reactions... 2. regres…
1. protest; clings to parent to force them to stay... 2. despair…
1. encourage family contact... 2. familiar belonging brought fro…
throwing games
Examples of stress experienced by todd…
1. separation anxiety from parents, grief reactions... 2. regres…
Three phases of separation anxiety and…
1. protest; clings to parent to force them to stay... 2. despair…
36 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Neonatal mortality
Postnatal mortality
birth weight
Low Birth Weight
< 28 days of life
28 days to 11 months
major determinant of neonatal death... -the lower the birth weig…
< 2500 g (5.5 lbs)
Neonatal mortality
< 28 days of life
Postnatal mortality
28 days to 11 months
74 terms
pediatric nursing
what food should be introduced into an…
in terms of fine motor development whi…
what should happen to a babies weight…
what should happen to a babies weight…
iron fortified cereals
demonstrating evidence of palmer grasp
birth weight should have tripled
birth weight should double double
what food should be introduced into an…
iron fortified cereals
in terms of fine motor development whi…
demonstrating evidence of palmer grasp
10 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Levels of prevention
Communication
Immunization**
Childhood Morbidity reasons for each a…
Primary: prevention, immunizations... Secondary: screening and…
Early childhood: everything is alive, do not show material ah…
...
< 1: congenital, premature, SIDS... 1-4: accidents, congenital,…
Levels of prevention
Primary: prevention, immunizations... Secondary: screening and…
Communication
Early childhood: everything is alive, do not show material ah…
Pediatric Nursing
mild dehydration (<5%)
moderate dehydration (5% to 10%)
severe dehydration (>10%)
daily maintenance fluid requirements
decreased urine output; slightly dry mucous membranes; otherw…
HR is slightly increased, BP is normal to orthostatic, modera…
HR is rapid and weak, BP is hypotensive, markedly decreased u…
100 mL/kg for first 10 kg + 50 mL/kg for second 10 kg + 20 mL…
mild dehydration (<5%)
decreased urine output; slightly dry mucous membranes; otherw…
moderate dehydration (5% to 10%)
HR is slightly increased, BP is normal to orthostatic, modera…
22 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Cephalocaudal
Proximodistal
infant height
infant weight:
Directional term; raise head before able to sit
midline to peripheral; ex: graps with hands before pinching w…
caused by skeletal gowth
5-10% lost @ 3-4 days... dbl x6 mo... triple x12 mo
Cephalocaudal
Directional term; raise head before able to sit
Proximodistal
midline to peripheral; ex: graps with hands before pinching w…
24 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Intussusception definition
Intussusception S&S
Intussusception ... Labs & Diagnostics
Intussusception ... Nurse Management
When a proximal segment of bowel telescopes into a more dista…
Edema, vascular compromise, bowel obstruction, sudden onset,…
Usually diagnosed with air or barium enema. Use of enema may…
IV fluids and antibiotics before diagnostic labs. Offer emoti…
Intussusception definition
When a proximal segment of bowel telescopes into a more dista…
Intussusception S&S
Edema, vascular compromise, bowel obstruction, sudden onset,…
12 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Eczema/Dermatitis
Impetigo
Pediculosis Capitis
Scabies
pain, lubricate, prevent secondary... assess: watch for weeping,…
think: bacterial, poor hygiene, humid, CONTACT, antibiotics,…
lice of hair and scalp; dont share brush and twoels; no conta…
pruritic papular rash; itch mite burrows into the skin... INFECT…
Eczema/Dermatitis
pain, lubricate, prevent secondary... assess: watch for weeping,…
Impetigo
think: bacterial, poor hygiene, humid, CONTACT, antibiotics,…
19 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Morbidity
Infant Mortality
Neonatal Period
Postnatal Period
Morbidity refers to the state of being diseased or unhealthy…
Number of deaths per 1000 live births during first year of life
Before 28 days of life
28 days to 1 year
Morbidity
Morbidity refers to the state of being diseased or unhealthy…
Infant Mortality
Number of deaths per 1000 live births during first year of life
74 terms
Pediatric nursing
What play does for children
atraumatic care
What are the functions of play?
Social affective play
Decreases stress... promotes relaxation... Provides a sense of cont…
providing therapeutic care through the use of interventions t…
Sensorimotor development... memory development... creativity ... self…
Primarily seen with infants when they respond with behaviors…
What play does for children
Decreases stress... promotes relaxation... Provides a sense of cont…
atraumatic care
providing therapeutic care through the use of interventions t…
83 terms
PEDIATRIC Nursing
A mother has just given birth to an in…
Which of the following factors will de…
The nurse is helping parents achieve a…
The parent of an infant with colic tel…
ANS: B... It is best to explain in simple terms the nature of th…
ANS: A... Many foods interfere with iron absorption and should b…
ANS: D... The vegetarian diet can be extremely healthy, meeting…
ANS: A... Colic is multifactorial, and no single treatment is ef…
A mother has just given birth to an in…
ANS: B... It is best to explain in simple terms the nature of th…
Which of the following factors will de…
ANS: A... Many foods interfere with iron absorption and should b…
Pediatric Nursing
Piaget's "Use of reflexes" (birth-1 mo…
Piaget's "Use of reflexes" (birth-1 mo…
Piaget's "Primary circular reactions"…
Piaget's "Primary circular reactions"…
Repetitious use of reflexes establishing pattern of experienc…
Mostly reflective (e.g., sucking, swallowing, rooting, graspi…
Recognition of causality occurring when repetition of... events…
Recognizes familiar faces and objects(e.g.,bottle)... Shows anti…
Piaget's "Use of reflexes" (birth-1 mo…
Repetitious use of reflexes establishing pattern of experienc…
Piaget's "Use of reflexes" (birth-1 mo…
Mostly reflective (e.g., sucking, swallowing, rooting, graspi…
56 terms
Pediatric Nursing: Respiratory
Most common deficiency in children 12…
Vitamins less often consumed in presch…
Half of the body's total fat stores ar…
Diarrhea is a serious problem when?
Fe
Remember: ABC's... A, B6, B12, and C.
Beneath The Skin. We assess it with skin fold thickness.
Infancy
Most common deficiency in children 12…
Fe
Vitamins less often consumed in presch…
Remember: ABC's... A, B6, B12, and C.
46 terms
Pediatric Nursing: Renal
This disease often follows a strep inf…
What is the first sign of renal failure?
Is caused when antigens or antibodies…
Signs and symptoms (S/S's) include hem…
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Decreased Urinary Output (UOP)
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Glomerulonephritis
This disease often follows a strep inf…
Acute Glomerulonephritis
What is the first sign of renal failure?
Decreased Urinary Output (UOP)
24 terms
Pediatric Nursing
abuse
active immunity
atresia
attenuated vaccines
nonaccidental physical injury or the nonaccidental act of omi…
a form of long-term acquired antibody protection that develop…
congenital absence or closure of a body orifice
vaccines derived from microorganisms or viruses; their virule…
abuse
nonaccidental physical injury or the nonaccidental act of omi…
active immunity
a form of long-term acquired antibody protection that develop…
153 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Growth
plateaus
infancy and adolescence
Development
refers to an increase in size of the whole or its parts
Growth spurts are often followed by
most rapid growth growth is in
refers to the function and the gradual process of change and…
Growth
refers to an increase in size of the whole or its parts
plateaus
Growth spurts are often followed by
17 terms
Pediatric Nursing- Immune System
How to Use an EpiPen
Common Household Items that Contain LA…
Common Allergies in Children
How to Manage Common Allergies in Chil…
1: If you give it call 911 IMMEDIATELY after ... 2: Child must b…
Most arts and craft supplies ... Balloons... Koosh balls and water…
1: Medications such as penicillins ... 2: Animal Dander ... 3: Dust…
1: Keep pets out of the child's bedroom ... 2: Clean frequently…
How to Use an EpiPen
1: If you give it call 911 IMMEDIATELY after ... 2: Child must b…
Common Household Items that Contain LA…
Most arts and craft supplies ... Balloons... Koosh balls and water…
30 terms
Pediatric Nursing - General Pediatrics
Erikson's Developmental Stage for Infa…
disappearance of the moro reflex
disappearance of the suck reflex
disappearance of the step relfex
Trust vs. Mistrust - are needs met quickly and consistently)
2-4 months
2-5 months
1-2 months
Erikson's Developmental Stage for Infa…
Trust vs. Mistrust - are needs met quickly and consistently)
disappearance of the moro reflex
2-4 months
17 terms
Pediatric Nursing: Endocrine
Fever increases 3 things in patients.…
Dehydration leads to metabolic _______…
Oral rehydration fluid has a ratio of…
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a ___________…
Rate/Oxygen/Insensible
Acidosis/Rehydrate
1:1/Pedialyte/Gatorade
Autosomal. It is missing the enzyme that converts phenylalani…
Fever increases 3 things in patients.…
Rate/Oxygen/Insensible
Dehydration leads to metabolic _______…
Acidosis/Rehydrate
Pediatric Nursing
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
restlessness, increased respiratory rate, increased pulse rat…
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
pulse 100 - 150... respiratory 25 - 35
pulse 80 - 130... respiratory 20 - 30
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress…
restlessness, increased respiratory rate, increased pulse rat…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
60 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Nurses goals
Family centered care
The leading cause of death for childre…
The "New Morbidity" of pediatric socia…
- To promote a therapeutic relationship between parent and ch…
-Allows the child's family to have input (family stays with p…
Accidents (MVA, drowning, fires, burns, poisoning, firearms,…
- Behaivior, social, and educational problems... - Psychosocial…
Nurses goals
- To promote a therapeutic relationship between parent and ch…
Family centered care
-Allows the child's family to have input (family stays with p…
36 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Absence seizure
Amblyopia
Appendicitis
Cleft lip/palate
- Brief loss of consciousness with abrupt onset. Often mistak…
lazy eye (after strabismus)
- Inflammation of appendicitis... - RLQ rebound tenderness
- malformed lip/ soft or hard palate ... - tx is surgery... - post…
Absence seizure
- Brief loss of consciousness with abrupt onset. Often mistak…
Amblyopia
lazy eye (after strabismus)
16 terms
Pediatric Nursing
WHO defines health as __ and not___
Mortality is
Morbidity is
vital statistics are
a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being an…
death
illness
figures describing rates of occurrence for events such as dea…
WHO defines health as __ and not___
a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being an…
Mortality is
death
94 terms
Pediatric Nursing
infant mortality
neonatal
postnatal
childhood mortality
The number of deaths per 1000 live births DURING FIRST YEAR o…
<28 days of life
>28 days to 1 year
The number of deaths per 100,000 population AFTER the first y…
infant mortality
The number of deaths per 1000 live births DURING FIRST YEAR o…
neonatal
<28 days of life
Pediatric nursing
Touch(unang yakap)
On the 72 hour or at least 24hours fro…
An inborn error of carbohydrate metabo…
Most highly developed sense in neonate
When is newborn screening done?
It is a inherited autosmal recessive disorder( galactosemia)
Touch(unang yakap)
Most highly developed sense in neonate
On the 72 hour or at least 24hours fro…
When is newborn screening done?
15 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Growth
Fetus
Neonate
Infant
Increase in physical size, measured in ft, m, lbs, or kg.
9th gestational week to birth
birth to 4 weeks
4 weeks to 1 year
Growth
Increase in physical size, measured in ft, m, lbs, or kg.
Fetus
9th gestational week to birth
43 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Stage One title & age, brief description
Stage Two title & age, brief description
Stage Three title & age, brief descrip…
Stage Four title & age, brief descript…
Trust vs. Mistrust; 0-1.5 years... Look to care givers for consi…
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt; 18 months-3 years... Child wants t…
Initiative vs. Guilt; 3-5 (preschool)... Begin to interact with…
Industry vs. Inferiority; 5-12... Encouragement leads to confide…
Stage One title & age, brief description
Trust vs. Mistrust; 0-1.5 years... Look to care givers for consi…
Stage Two title & age, brief description
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt; 18 months-3 years... Child wants t…
90 terms
Pediatric Nursing: Cardiovascular
The 5 acyanotic congenital heart defec…
Describe active immunity.
Describe passive immunity.
The three T's of cyanotic congenital h…
ASD... VSD... PDA... COA... AS
When your body makes its own antibodies. When you get your an…
From mothers milk or antidote.
TA... TGV... TOF
The 5 acyanotic congenital heart defec…
ASD... VSD... PDA... COA... AS
Describe active immunity.
When your body makes its own antibodies. When you get your an…
49 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Identify the major goal of pediatric n…
Define the different age groups.
Describe the safety concerns for small…
Describe the safety concerns for crawl…
To promote the healthy maturation of the child/adolescent as…
0-12mo infant... 12-36mo toddler... 3-5yr preschool... 6-12yr school a…
Helpless in environment - when start to roll / propel = fall…
Tendency to put things in mouth-risk for aspiration/poisoning.
Identify the major goal of pediatric n…
To promote the healthy maturation of the child/adolescent as…
Define the different age groups.
0-12mo infant... 12-36mo toddler... 3-5yr preschool... 6-12yr school a…
24 terms
pediatric nursing
abuse
active immunity
atresia
attenuated vaccines
non accidental physical injury or the non accidental act of o…
a form of long-term acquired antibody protection that develop…
congenital absence or closure of a body orifice
vaccines derived from microorganisms or viruses; their virule…
abuse
non accidental physical injury or the non accidental act of o…
active immunity
a form of long-term acquired antibody protection that develop…
60 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Posterior Fontanelles close
Anterior Fontanelles close
When does the first tooth appear?
Pain Relief for teething?
2 to 3 months of age
12 to 18 months of age
6 to 7 months of age (w/ additional 1 tooth per month)
Acetaminophen ... Cold (teething ring or frozen wash cloth)
Posterior Fontanelles close
2 to 3 months of age
Anterior Fontanelles close
12 to 18 months of age
36 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
restlessness, increased respiratory rate, increased pulse rat…
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
pulse 100 - 150... respiratory 25 - 35
pulse 80 - 130... respiratory 20 - 30
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress…
restlessness, increased respiratory rate, increased pulse rat…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
19 terms
pediatric nursing
#1 cause of death <12 months
#1 cause of death >12 months
what are the top morbidity causes
atraumatic care
congenital anomalies
motor vehicle accidents
#1 resp obesity mental health injuries
care w/o harm (therapeutic care)... decreases separation from th…
#1 cause of death <12 months
congenital anomalies
#1 cause of death >12 months
motor vehicle accidents
36 terms
Pediatric Nursing
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
restlessness, increased respiratory rate, increased pulse rat…
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
pulse 100 - 150... respiratory 25 - 35
pulse 80 - 130... respiratory 20 - 30
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress…
restlessness, increased respiratory rate, increased pulse rat…
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a…
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
34 terms
Pediatric Nursing
restlessness, increased respiratory ra…
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
Pulse 100 - 150. Respiratory 25 - 35
Pulse 80 - 130. Respiratory 20 - 30
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress in children
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a newborn
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a child 1 to 11 months
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a child 1 to 3 years (tod…
restlessness, increased respiratory ra…
Cardinal signs of respiratory distress in children
pulse 100 - 200... respiratory 30 - 60
Normal pulse & respiratory rate for a newborn
28 terms
Pediatric Nursing
2007 Best Pharmaceutical for Children…
Patient/Family Teaching Responsibiliti…
The standard of health-care decision m…
The nurse sits with the 9 year old pat…
-These laws require medications, medical devices, and interve…
Assess learning style preferences... Assess readiness to learn…
C. the bronze standard
3. Assent... Consent can only be obtained from an adult with de…
2007 Best Pharmaceutical for Children…
-These laws require medications, medical devices, and interve…
Patient/Family Teaching Responsibiliti…
Assess learning style preferences... Assess readiness to learn…
12 terms
Book 2 Unit 11 - Pediatric Nursing
newborn
abdomen
immune system
jaundice
a child that is less than four weeks old.
the front section of the body below the chest and above the w…
the body's defense against infection that includes special ce…
a medical condition resulting from poor liver function which…
newborn
a child that is less than four weeks old.
abdomen
the front section of the body below the chest and above the w…
88 terms
Pediatrics Nursing
Tracheotomy Care Complications
Indications for Suctioning
Suctioning Guidelines
Upper Respiratory Tract
Infection, Cellulitis, Formation of granulation tissue, Occlu…
Respiratory distress: restlessness, tachypnea, nasal flaring,…
Suction before meal or @ least 1 hr after meals to prevent vo…
Oronasopharynx, Pharynx, Larynx, Upper part of trachea
Tracheotomy Care Complications
Infection, Cellulitis, Formation of granulation tissue, Occlu…
Indications for Suctioning
Respiratory distress: restlessness, tachypnea, nasal flaring,…
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