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Study sets matching "final exam psy 101"

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Study sets matching "final exam psy 101"

55 terms
Psychology 101
Frequency Theory
Optic Nerve
Transduction
Sensation
states that pitch is determined by the vibrating frequency of…
the bundle of axons from ganglion cells leading to the visual…
the process of transforming stimuli into neural signals... Conve…
the process by which sensory organs in the eye, ear, nose, mo…
Frequency Theory
states that pitch is determined by the vibrating frequency of…
Optic Nerve
the bundle of axons from ganglion cells leading to the visual…
50 terms
Psychology 101
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
Critical Thinking
Six main viewpoints of Modern Psychology
Empirical Investigation
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
1. What is the source?... 2. Is the claim reasonable?... 3. What is…
1. Biological... 2. Cognitive... 3. Behavioral... 4. Whole-person... 5. D…
Research conducted, and conclusions reached, by means of obse…
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
Critical Thinking
1. What is the source?... 2. Is the claim reasonable?... 3. What is…
265 terms
Psychology 101
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
Critical Thinking
Six main viewpoints of Modern Psychology
Empirical Investigation
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
1. What is the source?... 2. Is the claim reasonable?... 3. What is…
1. Biological... 2. Cognitive... 3. Behavioral... 4. Whole-person... 5. D…
Research conducted, and conclusions reached, by means of obse…
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
Critical Thinking
1. What is the source?... 2. Is the claim reasonable?... 3. What is…
23 terms
PSY101 Biological Psychology
frontal lobe
parietal lobe
temporal lobe
occipital lobe
lobe that controls voluntary body movement, language, plannin…
lobe that processes skin sensations such as pressure and temp…
lobe that processes auditory information; hearing and underst…
lobe involved in the processing and integration of vision inf…
frontal lobe
lobe that controls voluntary body movement, language, plannin…
parietal lobe
lobe that processes skin sensations such as pressure and temp…
47 terms
Psychology 101
Memory and information processing
Sensory representation
Verbal representations
For information to come back to mind often it is no longer pr…
Store information in as sensory mode
Store information in words
Memory and information processing
For information to come back to mind often it is no longer pr…
Sensory representation
Store information in as sensory mode
33 terms
Psychology 101
Developmental change
A contentious issue
Sensitive periods
Continuous: steady, gradual change .Stages: relatively discre…
Critical periods: periods central to specific types of learni…
Times that are particularly important but not definitive for…
Developmental change
Continuous: steady, gradual change .Stages: relatively discre…
A contentious issue
Critical periods: periods central to specific types of learni…
50 terms
Psychology 101
Experiments
Steps in experiments
Framing a hypothesis
Experimental methods demonstrate causation proving that manip…
Step one framing a hypothesis step to operationalizing variab…
Predicting a relationship between variables
Experiments
Experimental methods demonstrate causation proving that manip…
Steps in experiments
Step one framing a hypothesis step to operationalizing variab…
44 terms
Psychology 101
Learning
Classical conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus
Refers to any enduring change in the way an organism response…
An environmental stimulus leads to a learned response, throug…
Is a responds that does not have to be learned
Learning
Refers to any enduring change in the way an organism response…
Classical conditioning
An environmental stimulus leads to a learned response, throug…
61 terms
Psychology 101
Biological psychology
Neurons
Cell Body
Dendrites
The branch of psychology that focuses on how the brain and ot…
The building blocks of the nervous system that transmit elect…
The region of the neuron that includes a nucleus containing D…
Tiny branchlike fibers extending from the cell body that rece…
Biological psychology
The branch of psychology that focuses on how the brain and ot…
Neurons
The building blocks of the nervous system that transmit elect…
25 terms
Psychology 101
Temperaments
Structuralism
Functionalism
Behaviorism
Sanguine (air), Choleric (fire), Melancholic (earth), Phlegma…
Willhelm Wundt(usa) & Edward Titchener(german)... The building b…
William James ... It is how the mind evolved to help people adap…
John Watson ... The study of observable behaviors. "Psychology t…
Temperaments
Sanguine (air), Choleric (fire), Melancholic (earth), Phlegma…
Structuralism
Willhelm Wundt(usa) & Edward Titchener(german)... The building b…
168 terms
Psychology 101
random assignment
antagonist
interneurons
neron
a procedure for creating groups that allows the researcher to…
a drug that blocks the effort of a neurotransmitter
nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord; process info, CNS
nerve cell; building block of nervous system
random assignment
a procedure for creating groups that allows the researcher to…
antagonist
a drug that blocks the effort of a neurotransmitter
77 terms
Psychology 101
learning
Conditioning
Neutral stimulus
An unconditioned response
Psychologists define this as the process of acquiring new and…
This is the process of learning associations
In classical conditioning, A stimulus that elicits no respons…
Sweating in hot weather is a?
learning
Psychologists define this as the process of acquiring new and…
Conditioning
This is the process of learning associations
334 terms
Psychology 101
Structuralism
Functionalism
Behaviorism
Humanistic Psychology
describing the mind's structure based on introspection
The school of thought that Psychological processes have a fun…
scientific study of observable behavior
focused on ways current environments nurture or limit growth…
Structuralism
describing the mind's structure based on introspection
Functionalism
The school of thought that Psychological processes have a fun…
61 terms
psychology 101
Structuralism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Functionalism
Titchener
Conscious experience can be broken down into its basic undery…
James
Mind developed over the course of human evolution bc its usef…
Structuralism
Titchener
Structuralism
Conscious experience can be broken down into its basic undery…
135 terms
Psychology 101
"birth" of psychology
Wilhelm Wundt's lab, when, where, why…
history of psychology
structuralism (Titchener)
1800s john stuart mill argued psychology should be a science…
1879 built first lab Germany. interested in studying the stru…
...
Edward Titchener (Wundt's student)... structuralism... Conscious ex…
"birth" of psychology
1800s john stuart mill argued psychology should be a science…
Wilhelm Wundt's lab, when, where, why…
1879 built first lab Germany. interested in studying the stru…
56 terms
Psychology 101
Frequency Theory
Optic Nerve
Transduction
Sensation
states that pitch is determined by the vibrating frequency of…
the bundle of axons from ganglion cells leading to the visual…
the process of transforming stimuli into neural signals... Conve…
the process by which sensory organs in the eye, ear, nose, mo…
Frequency Theory
states that pitch is determined by the vibrating frequency of…
Optic Nerve
the bundle of axons from ganglion cells leading to the visual…
249 terms
Psychology 101
hindbrain
medulla
pons
cerebellum
includes the cerebellum and 2 structures found in the lower p…
Controls unconscious but essential functions like breathing,…
Connects brainstem with the cerebellum. Has cells associated…
"little brain" relatively large and deeply folded structure a…
hindbrain
includes the cerebellum and 2 structures found in the lower p…
medulla
Controls unconscious but essential functions like breathing,…
87 terms
Psychology 101
Psychology
Aristotle
Wilhelm Wundt
Father of Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes
4th century BCE: had ideas about how the body and mind work.…
"father of psychology" added two key elements help make psych…
Wilhelm Wundt, First psychological experiment in 1879 in Leip…
Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes
Aristotle
4th century BCE: had ideas about how the body and mind work.…
47 terms
Psychology 101
Structuralism
Wilhelm Wundt
Why was structuralism ineffective.
Functionalism
first framework for studying psychology; uses introspection t…
"Father of Psycholog"'... Established first psych laboratory
Structuralism died out because not useful for studying animal…
how the mind functions and allows animals/humans to adapt to…
Structuralism
first framework for studying psychology; uses introspection t…
Wilhelm Wundt
"Father of Psycholog"'... Established first psych laboratory
22 terms
Psychology 101
Opiates/ Narcotics
Texture
Linear Perspective
Hallucinogens
Pain Killers... Ex: Heroin
More texture= Closer... Less texture= Farther
Objects are drawn or imagined lines converging to a point
Marijuana... LSD... PCP
Opiates/ Narcotics
Pain Killers... Ex: Heroin
Texture
More texture= Closer... Less texture= Farther
38 terms
PSY 101: Psychological Disorders
schizophrenia
depression
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
mood disorders
person experiences a break from reality; hallucinations, delu…
includes symptoms like feeling worthless or hopeless, emptine…
exaggerated, persistent and pervasive feelings of anxiety and…
includes depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective…
schizophrenia
person experiences a break from reality; hallucinations, delu…
depression
includes symptoms like feeling worthless or hopeless, emptine…
27 terms
Psychology 101
Psychology
Psychologists
Introspection
Functionalism
the scientific study of mental and behavioral processes
scientists who study mental and behavioral processes
The examination on one's own conscious activities
school of psychology that focused on the function of behavior…
Psychology
the scientific study of mental and behavioral processes
Psychologists
scientists who study mental and behavioral processes
50 terms
psychology 101
psychology
structuralism
functionalism
psychoanalysis
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
1st school of thought. emphasizes the most basic components o…
emphasizes the adaptive role of behavior. by William James
personality theory emphasizes the role of unconscious factors…
psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
structuralism
1st school of thought. emphasizes the most basic components o…
240 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 101
Pseudopsychology's dominating perspect…
Confirmation Bias
Operational Definitions
Basic vs Applied Research... Translationa…
Biological, Cognitive, Behavioral
Bias forwards what we already believe; may lead us to ignore…
Defining a construct in a way we can measure
-Test fundamental questions vs practical applications of know…
Pseudopsychology's dominating perspect…
Biological, Cognitive, Behavioral
Confirmation Bias
Bias forwards what we already believe; may lead us to ignore…
23 terms
Psychology 101
Corpus Callosum
-70mv
-55mv
Pre-synaptic neuron
Brain structure that is a dense bundle of neurons that separa…
Resting potential of a neuron
threshold of excitation
Releaser of neurotransmitters into synaptic gap
Corpus Callosum
Brain structure that is a dense bundle of neurons that separa…
-70mv
Resting potential of a neuron
133 terms
Psychology 101
Wilhem Wundt (German)
G. Stanley Hall
Structuralism
Functionalism
Founder of Psychology (as modern science) ... Proposed scientifi…
Established first lab in America (Johns Hopkins)
Edward Titchener... Structure, basic components of conscious, in…
William James... Function, stream of consciousness (not purposef…
Wilhem Wundt (German)
Founder of Psychology (as modern science) ... Proposed scientifi…
G. Stanley Hall
Established first lab in America (Johns Hopkins)
178 terms
Psychology 101
Behavior
Behaviorism
Case study
Clinical psychologist
The outwardly observable acts of a person, alone, or in a group
a school of psychology based on the belief that behaviors can…
Focus on a single interesting case in detail
The type of psychologist who is trained to provide psychother…
Behavior
The outwardly observable acts of a person, alone, or in a group
Behaviorism
a school of psychology based on the belief that behaviors can…
44 terms
Psychology 101 TEST 1
What are the 4 lobes of the brain
Of our 4 lobes, which contains the pri…
the hippocampus and amygudala are foun…
this lobe is responsible for judgment…
temporal ... frontal ... parietal... occipital
occiptal
temporal
parietal
What are the 4 lobes of the brain
temporal ... frontal ... parietal... occipital
Of our 4 lobes, which contains the pri…
occiptal
136 terms
Psychology 101 Exam 4
Social Psychology
Social Cognition
First Impressions
Perceptual confirmation
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality.
process by which people come to understand others.
The primary effect is the principle that the first informatio…
When observers perceive what they expect to perceive.
Social Psychology
The study of the causes and consequences of sociality.
Social Cognition
process by which people come to understand others.
33 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 6
Stage Model
Sensory Memory
Short (Working) Memory
Long term Memory
Sensory Memory... Short term (Working) Memory... Long term Memory
Less than 20 seconds... (eg. Listening)
20 seconds... (eg. Try understanding the "listening")
Forever... (eg. True memories)
Stage Model
Sensory Memory... Short term (Working) Memory... Long term Memory
Sensory Memory
Less than 20 seconds... (eg. Listening)
Psychology 101 Exam 2
sensation
perception
Photoreceptors... Mechanoreceptors... Chemor…
Photoreceptors
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
What are the three types of receptor?
vision: light into electricity
sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
49 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 6
Two Types of Learning
Associative Learning
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Unconditioned Response (UR)
Associative Learning & Observational Learning
Classical Conditioning & Operant Conditioning
A stimulus that elicits a response that is innate and does no…
A response that does not have to be learned, such as a reflex.
Two Types of Learning
Associative Learning & Observational Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning & Operant Conditioning
12 terms
Psychology 101
Atkinson-Shiffrin theory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Flashbulb memory
Theory stating that memory storage involves three separate sy…
The retention of information about where, when, and what of l…
A person's knowledge about the world.
The memory of emotionally significant events that people ofte…
Atkinson-Shiffrin theory
Theory stating that memory storage involves three separate sy…
Episodic memory
The retention of information about where, when, and what of l…
6 terms
Psychology 101
Extraordinary Claims
Falsifiability
Occam's Razor
Replicability
The more a claim contradicts what we already know, the more p…
Claims must be capable of being disproved.
If two hypotheses explain a phenomenon equally well, we shoul…
A finding must be capable of being duplicated by independent…
Extraordinary Claims
The more a claim contradicts what we already know, the more p…
Falsifiability
Claims must be capable of being disproved.
Psychology 101
Define consciousness
Explain the three states of consciousn…
How is the sleep wake cycle regulated ?
What is the EEG ?
stream of thoughts /continuous process of of thinking in whic…
focused awareness:wide awake, completly engrossed at task at…
The sleep wake cycle is regulated through "circadian rythm" a…
devices researchers use to track how our body responds to sleep
Define consciousness
stream of thoughts /continuous process of of thinking in whic…
Explain the three states of consciousn…
focused awareness:wide awake, completly engrossed at task at…
30 terms
Psychology 101
Sensation
receptor cell
Transduction
Perception
energy stimulates receptor cell in one or more sense organs
specialized cell that responds to particular type of energy
the process of converting physical energy into coded neural s…
brain interpretation of sensory information to give it meaning
Sensation
energy stimulates receptor cell in one or more sense organs
receptor cell
specialized cell that responds to particular type of energy
747 terms
Psychology 101
Define structuralism
Define functionalism
Define behaviorism
Define Humanistic psychology
Early school of thought promoted by Wundt & Titchener; Used i…
Early school of thought promoted by James and influced by Dar…
The view that psychology ... 1. Should be an objective science t…
Historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
Define structuralism
Early school of thought promoted by Wundt & Titchener; Used i…
Define functionalism
Early school of thought promoted by James and influced by Dar…
71 terms
Psychology 101
What are the components of Freud's psy…
What are Freud's developmental stages?
What are Freud's defense mechanisms, a…
What ideas did Freud's followers most…
Freud: psychoanalytic theory sought to explain what he observ…
Oral: 0-18 months, pleasure centers on mouth... Anal: 18-36 mo.,…
Regression: revert to behavior from an earlier stage (foundat…
Most disagreed with the statement that sex and pleasure are p…
What are the components of Freud's psy…
Freud: psychoanalytic theory sought to explain what he observ…
What are Freud's developmental stages?
Oral: 0-18 months, pleasure centers on mouth... Anal: 18-36 mo.,…
Psychology 101 Exam 3
What is Personality?
Freuds main idea behind Psychoanalysis?
Freud's 3 components of personality
What is the Pleasure Principle?
An individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, a…
focusses on how personality is influenced by UNCONSCIOUS ment…
Id, Ego, Superego
desire for immediate gratification of urges with no regard fo…
What is Personality?
An individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, a…
Freuds main idea behind Psychoanalysis?
focusses on how personality is influenced by UNCONSCIOUS ment…
96 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 3
Glia
Oligodendrocytes
Schwann Cells
Astrocytes
type of cell in the brain, "glue" of the brain, various suppo…
Central nervous system, one cell can create several segments…
Peripheral nervous system, one cell creates only one segment…
synchronizes communication between neurons, nurtures cells, a…
Glia
type of cell in the brain, "glue" of the brain, various suppo…
Oligodendrocytes
Central nervous system, one cell can create several segments…
147 terms
Psychology 101
A hypothesis is best defined as a:... a.…
In order to study mind and behavior, p…
The correlation coefficient ranges fro…
The formal beginning of psychology is…
d. prediction stated in a way that allows it to be tested.
d. rely on the scientific method.
a. -1.0 to 1.0
d. Wundt.
A hypothesis is best defined as a:... a.…
d. prediction stated in a way that allows it to be tested.
In order to study mind and behavior, p…
d. rely on the scientific method.
25 terms
Psychology 101
Ambivalent attachment style
Adult attachment
Attachment
Infants who are angry and rejecting while simultaneously indi…
Replaced to ways of experiencing attachment relationships in…
The enduring ties of affection the children form with the pri…
Ambivalent attachment style
Infants who are angry and rejecting while simultaneously indi…
Adult attachment
Replaced to ways of experiencing attachment relationships in…
94 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 4
Sensation
Perception
Visual System Stimulus
Wavelength
the stimulation of sense organs
the selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory in…
electromagnetic radiation between 480 and 760 nanometers
distance between one peak and another, gives color, red is lo…
Sensation
the stimulation of sense organs
Perception
the selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory in…
103 terms
Psychology 101
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
Six main viewpoints of Modern Psychology
Theory
Four Steps to the Scientific Method
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
1. Biological... 2. Cognitive... 3. psychodynamic... 4. behavioral... 5.…
Testable explanations for a broad set of facts or observations.
1. Develop a Hypothesis.... 2. Collect Objective Data.... 3. Analyz…
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
Six main viewpoints of Modern Psychology
1. Biological... 2. Cognitive... 3. psychodynamic... 4. behavioral... 5.…
Psychology 101
Operant conditioning
T-law of effect
Positive
Negative
Form of learning controlled by providing consequences for an…
If a stimulus followed by a behavior results in a reward, the…
Something that is presented to the organism ... Ex: sticker, spa…
Something that is taken away ... Ex: taking a toy away, being gr…
Operant conditioning
Form of learning controlled by providing consequences for an…
T-law of effect
If a stimulus followed by a behavior results in a reward, the…
50 terms
Psychology 101
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
Critical Thinking
Six main viewpoints of Modern Psychology
Empirical Investigation
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
1. What is the source?... 2. Is the claim reasonable?... 3. What is…
1. Biological... 2. Cognitive... 3. Behavioral... 4. Whole-person... 5. D…
Research conducted, and conclusions reached, by means of obse…
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
Critical Thinking
1. What is the source?... 2. Is the claim reasonable?... 3. What is…
50 terms
Psychology 101
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
Critical Thinking
Six main viewpoints of Modern Psychology
Empirical Investigation
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
1. What is the source?... 2. Is the claim reasonable?... 3. What is…
1. Biological... 2. Cognitive... 3. Behavioral... 4. Whole-person... 5. D…
Research conducted, and conclusions reached, by means of obse…
Three Ways of Doing Psychology
1. Experimental ... 2. Teachers ... 3. Applied
Critical Thinking
1. What is the source?... 2. Is the claim reasonable?... 3. What is…
48 terms
Psychology 101
Scientific Literacy
Empiricism
Determinism
Zeitgeist
the ability to understand, analyze, and apply scientific info…
knowledge comes through experience
things happen by lawful, cause and effect relationships
a general set of beliefs of a particular culture at a specifi…
Scientific Literacy
the ability to understand, analyze, and apply scientific info…
Empiricism
knowledge comes through experience
Psychology 101
Human mental processes
Personality developemt
Human behaviour
Factors that's influence behaviour
What does psychology study? (1)
What does psychology study? (2)
What does psychology study? (3)
What does psychology study? (4)
Human mental processes
What does psychology study? (1)
Personality developemt
What does psychology study? (2)
112 terms
Psychology 101 Final Review
Learning
Associative Learning
Observational Learning
Classical Conditioning
A systematic, relatively permanent change in behavior that oc…
Conditioning (Classical and Operant)
"The scientific study of behavior"
A neutral stimulus becomes associated with an innately meanin…
Learning
A systematic, relatively permanent change in behavior that oc…
Associative Learning
Conditioning (Classical and Operant)
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